Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
PRINT:Print
OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Fargo-Moorhead (North Dakota-Minnesota) MSA

The Fargo-Moorhead metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of North Dakota and Minnesota.

Occupational divisions in Fargo-Moorhead:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 410 $23.35 $25.75 $53,560 2.3%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 140 $18.78 $20.68 $43,020 2.2%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 180 $17.25 $19.01 $39,530 2.7%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 210 $21.72 $24.27 $50,480 4.0%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 150 $18.68 $21.46 $44,630 2.8%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 160 $35.19 $34.23 $71,210 3.7%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 200 $28.92 $27.12 $56,410 3.7%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 110 $22.86 $23.73 $49,350 3.6%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 120 $18.58 $21.27 $44,250 4.5%
    15017 Construction Managers 230 $19.31 $21.64 $45,010 4.6%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 100 $22.27 $23.01 $47,860 2.5%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 270 $11.42 $12.31 $25,600 3.3%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 2,130 $25.99 $29.11 $60,540 1.8%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 540 $19.36 $20.85 $43,360 2.0%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 40 $17.95 $19.10 $39,730 8.9%
    21105 Credit Analysts 60 $15.87 $17.64 $36,700 9.0%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 330 $13.94 $16.73 $34,800 7.9%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 550 $14.91 $16.90 $35,140 2.6%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 170 $13.23 $14.56 $30,290 2.6%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 140 $14.55 $14.56 $30,290 1.1%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 60 $25.35 $24.42 $50,790 10.0%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 110 $14.56 $15.45 $32,130 1.3%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service (*) $12.75 $13.27 $27,590 1.2%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 120 $16.22 $17.38 $36,150 1.7%
    21902 Cost Estimators 160 $15.76 $16.53 $34,390 3.8%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance (*) $16.68 $14.94 $31,070 6.2%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 270 $14.39 $16.00 $33,290 1.7%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 100 $18.92 $21.78 $45,310 2.8%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 130 $19.56 $20.70 $43,050 2.9%
    22127 Computer Engineers 100 $31.08 $29.61 $61,590 9.9%
    22199 All Other Engineers 40 $18.13 $19.70 $40,980 4.3%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 70 $19.39 $20.48 $42,600 4.3%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 50 $14.86 $16.45 $34,220 5.4%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 110 $12.49 $13.43 $27,930 1.9%
    22514 Drafters 240 $11.05 $11.87 $24,700 3.4%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 110 $8.58 $11.26 $23,420 2.0%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 60 $21.92 $22.14 $46,060 16.5%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health (*) $13.09 $14.32 $29,770 1.3%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 240 $15.00 $15.56 $32,370 1.4%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 40 $19.14 $20.48 $42,610 2.9%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists (*) $15.14 $14.81 $30,800 1.6%
    25105 Computer Programmers (*) $17.75 $19.87 $41,330 3.7%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 40 $14.10 $13.97 $29,060 1.2%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 40 $18.41 $19.75 $41,070 5.2%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 160 $15.01 $15.29 $31,800 1.8%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 330 $13.64 $14.17 $29,480 2.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 510 $7.21 $7.64 $15,890 2.6%
    27311 Recreation Workers 310 $7.32 $8.69 $18,080 1.8%
    27502 Clergy 30 $15.41 $14.72 $30,620 7.5%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 260 $32.20 $31.83 $66,210 6.9%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 90 $13.95 $14.42 $29,990 3.9%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 40 * * $41,700 2.0%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $49,960 6.7%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $48,910 4.1%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $50,280 5.2%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $49,280 7.5%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $49,370 5.1%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $47,560 5.2%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $47,140 4.1%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 200 $8.01 $8.52 $17,720 3.3%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 60 * * $29,560 5.6%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,050 * * $34,470 3.9%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,190 * * $36,190 2.7%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 280 * * $35,820 4.2%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 120 $17.42 $17.49 $36,380 2.8%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 290 $7.84 $8.85 $18,400 8.8%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 320 $7.41 $9.15 $19,030 4.7%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 140 $17.32 $17.44 $36,270 5.8%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 30 $9.75 $10.28 $21,380 2.5%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 120 $15.16 $15.92 $33,110 5.1%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 30 $17.35 $17.05 $35,470 1.8%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 240 $9.75 $9.49 $19,740 2.2%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32105 Dentists 50 $58.14 $51.12** $106,330** 12.1%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 30 $22.60 $25.22 $52,470 5.8%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 130 $14.40 $14.61 $30,400 2.2%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 90 $17.60 $18.04 $37,520 2.1%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 40 $11.94 $11.25 $23,410 5.1%
    32502 Registered Nurses 2,400 $19.20 $19.62 $40,820 1.2%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 780 $11.15 $11.31 $23,520 1.3%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $8.14 $8.84 $18,380 2.5%
    32517 Pharmacists 180 $23.58 $23.82 $49,550 3.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 130 $7.49 $7.77 $16,150 2.7%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 40 $16.36 $17.06 $35,480 2.3%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 150 $11.43 $11.72 $24,370 3.9%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 110 $20.16 $20.02 $41,640 3.7%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 90 $9.68 $10.12 $21,050 3.4%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 140 $12.99 $13.48 $28,050 1.5%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 70 $11.66 $11.78 $24,490 3.3%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 240 $9.62 $12.30 $25,580 1.4%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 100 $13.96 $16.03 $33,340 7.2%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 80 $13.58 $14.44 $30,040 4.4%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 90 $11.63 $13.53 $28,140 13.2%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 140 $11.34 $12.23 $25,440 4.6%
    34023 Photographers 130 $8.16 $9.88 $20,540 10.3%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 30 $7.83 $9.14 $19,010 15.7%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 60 $11.28 $12.53 $26,070 10.5%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 70 $11.85 $13.15 $27,360 3.3%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 110 $8.62 $11.40 $23,710 4.0%
    34041 Interior Designers 30 $13.96 $13.64 $28,380 5.2%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 80 $8.24 $8.61 $17,910 2.8%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 30 $20.41 $19.89 $41,370 7.4%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 190 $16.65 $17.68 $36,760 3.6%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,520 $14.76 $17.44 $36,280 1.7%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 260 $16.03 $23.07 $47,980 10.1%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 90 $10.96 $11.69 $24,310 2.9%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate (*) $33.53 $28.62 $59,540 7.5%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 220 $23.98 $34.02** $70,760** 15.6%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 230 $13.69 $15.22 $31,650 3.8%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 130 $15.48 $16.78 $34,900 6.4%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 70 $12.05 $13.19 $27,430 1.7%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 50 $18.20 $18.94 $39,400 6.5%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 400 $19.68 $22.17 $46,120 6.9%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 1,160 $15.32 $16.20 $33,700 2.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 4,470 $7.02 $8.64 $17,980 1.7%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 630 $9.79 $11.01 $22,910 3.2%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 380 $6.22 $6.79 $14,120 2.5%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 910 $7.00 $7.27 $15,120 1.5%
    49023 Cashiers 2,340 $6.31 $6.64 $13,800 1.2%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 450 $7.62 $10.04 $20,880 3.7%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 370 $7.33 $9.87 $20,520 2.2%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,260 $13.45 $14.59 $30,340 1.7%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 1,020 $7.39 $7.27 $15,130 2.6%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks (*) $7.78 $8.01 $16,670 3.0%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 150 $9.44 $9.88 $20,540 3.8%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 420 $9.63 $10.17 $21,140 1.8%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 210 $20.40 $21.16 $44,010 2.6%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 290 $10.23 $10.30 $21,430 1.1%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 330 $9.71 $9.98 $20,760 1.4%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 130 $10.32 $11.52 $23,950 3.6%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 260 $6.20 $6.44 $13,390 2.1%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 50 $8.48 $8.70 $18,090 6.2%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 520 $8.15 $8.25 $17,150 2.3%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks (*) $7.74 $7.84 $16,300 4.2%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 170 $11.57 $11.66 $24,260 3.4%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 90 $8.92 $8.74 $18,170 1.2%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,650 $9.43 $9.60 $19,970 1.3%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 240 $11.23 $11.63 $24,200 2.5%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 970 $8.09 $8.46 $17,600 2.6%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 140 $8.87 $9.02 $18,760 1.9%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 60 $11.26 $11.70 $24,340 1.3%
    55321 File Clerks 100 $6.76 $7.43 $15,450 2.7%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 170 $9.29 $10.29 $21,410 1.9%
    55328 Statistical Clerks (*) $7.83 $8.52 $17,720 2.2%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 130 $7.96 $8.06 $16,770 1.6%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 50 $13.91 $13.79 $28,690 2.9%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,640 $9.67 $10.04 $20,880 0.8%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 100 $11.09 $11.43 $23,770 1.5%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 190 $9.35 $9.90 $20,590 2.4%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,170 $8.32 $8.83 $18,360 1.7%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 70 $8.32 $8.85 $18,420 1.7%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 30 $9.68 $9.87 $20,530 4.8%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 190 $9.87 $10.42 $21,670 0.8%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 250 $7.79 $8.16 $16,980 1.3%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 40 $7.99 $8.56 $17,810 1.5%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 140 $7.14 $7.33 $15,240 2.2%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 60 $6.78 $6.96 $14,470 2.3%
    57311 Messengers 120 $7.17 $7.37 $15,340 1.2%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 30 $11.35 $11.07 $23,030 9.2%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 130 $12.78 $13.34 $27,750 1.8%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 70 $13.47 $13.71 $28,510 2.2%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 590 $8.06 $8.45 $17,570 1.3%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 250 $9.01 $9.09 $18,910 1.1%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 820 $9.14 $10.77 $22,410 2.5%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 30 $8.79 $11.31 $23,520 3.3%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 410 $8.26 $9.19 $19,120 1.1%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 30 $15.12 $14.73 $30,630 2.0%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 50 $22.72 $24.32 $50,590 4.0%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 110 $8.22 $8.70 $18,090 2.1%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 700 $9.13 $10.48 $21,800 2.4%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 160 $16.68 $15.77 $32,810 3.1%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 30 $8.60 $13.71 $28,510 3.6%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 280 $7.59 $7.94 $16,510 1.5%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 190 $7.67 $9.01 $18,730 4.3%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 300 $5.86 $5.91 $12,280 2.2%
    65005 Bartenders 600 $5.95 $6.19 $12,880 1.7%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 2,350 $5.76 $5.73 $11,910 1.1%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 240 $6.63 $6.71 $13,950 2.2%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 430 $5.93 $5.98 $12,430 2.0%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 720 $6.00 $6.16 $12,820 2.0%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 170 $8.33 $8.75 $18,200 3.1%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 80 $11.13 $11.11 $23,100 1.9%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 800 $7.19 $7.28 $15,130 1.4%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 340 $8.12 $8.29 $17,250 2.9%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 300 $6.04 $6.46 $13,430 5.2%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 100 $7.25 $7.28 $15,140 1.7%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 790 $6.53 $6.73 $14,000 1.8%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,280 $5.81 $5.90 $12,270 1.7%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 200 $6.29 $6.74 $14,030 1.9%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 190 $11.20 $11.33 $23,570 2.5%
    66005 Medical Assistants 80 $10.02 $10.17 $21,150 2.7%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,080 $7.88 $8.04 $16,720 1.6%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 60 $8.80 $8.98 $18,690 1.4%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 30 $11.73 $11.51 $23,950 7.8%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 100 $8.57 $8.84 $18,390 1.7%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,020 $6.71 $6.81 $14,170 1.5%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,660 $7.62 $7.99 $16,620 1.6%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 150 $8.05 $8.24 $17,130 1.9%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 450 $6.79 $8.37 $17,420 5.0%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 510 $6.07 $6.53 $13,580 1.6%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 230 $7.58 $7.42 $15,440 4.3%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 180 $7.52 $7.42 $15,430 1.7%
    68038 Child Care Workers 760 $5.89 $6.06 $12,610 2.3%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 240 $5.86 $6.28 $13,060 3.3%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 70 $9.82 $10.00 $20,800 5.2%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 90 $6.64 $7.00 $14,560 1.9%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 560 $8.51 $9.08 $18,890 3.9%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 80 $8.09 $9.33 $19,400 5.6%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 360 $16.70 $17.86 $37,150 2.1%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 290 $18.02 $18.43 $38,330 2.2%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 370 $14.28 $15.39 $32,000 1.2%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 150 $16.57 $16.83 $35,000 3.0%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 80 $14.01 $14.56 $30,290 5.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 100 $18.48 $19.36 $40,270 1.8%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 100 $8.46 $9.52 $19,800 2.0%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 90 $10.00 $11.05 $22,980 2.1%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 150 $14.30 $14.66 $30,500 1.8%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant (*) $14.62 $14.15 $29,440 2.7%
    85123 Millwrights 60 $14.94 $14.95 $31,090 2.1%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 40 $13.12 $13.02 $27,090 1.2%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 530 $9.99 $10.12 $21,050 1.4%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 670 $10.46 $11.64 $24,200 3.2%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 220 $13.12 $16.33 $33,970 10.5%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 360 $12.38 $12.20 $25,380 1.2%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 140 $12.99 $13.10 $27,260 1.4%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 160 $11.71 $11.18 $23,260 3.3%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 120 $15.03 $14.68 $30,540 2.2%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 30 $10.99 $10.37 $21,570 2.5%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 90 $13.82 $14.25 $29,640 7.2%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 60 $10.36 $11.20 $23,300 3.2%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers (*) $11.50 $11.92 $24,790 2.0%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 70 $17.81 $17.31 $36,000 1.8%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 170 $14.23 $14.43 $30,010 2.9%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 120 $11.05 $12.05 $25,070 1.9%
    85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers (*) $27.26 $24.44 $50,840 8.6%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers (*) $11.89 $12.25 $25,480 3.3%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 140 $7.98 $8.21 $17,080 3.7%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 240 $10.66 $11.74 $24,420 1.3%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 650 $12.66 $12.92 $26,880 2.3%
    87108 Drywall Installers 60 $14.19 $13.51 $28,100 5.1%
    87111 Tapers 60 $15.04 $14.59 $30,350 6.8%
    87202 Electricians 450 $14.81 $14.71 $30,600 2.0%
    87302 Brickmasons 120 $18.30 $18.22 $37,900 10.4%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 240 $10.65 $10.56 $21,960 3.9%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 250 $11.92 $12.06 $25,080 3.0%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 290 $16.16 $15.40 $32,030 3.9%
    87508 Pipelayers 40 $10.72 $11.25 $23,400 2.9%
    87602 Carpet Installers 30 $10.82 $10.24 $21,300 4.3%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles (*) $10.32 $10.18 $21,180 7.2%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 60 $12.45 $13.88 $28,860 6.3%
    87808 Roofers 120 $10.17 $10.91 $22,700 2.2%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 170 $12.17 $12.15 $25,270 7.3%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 30 $14.31 $14.24 $29,610 1.3%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89108 Machinists 100 $12.47 $12.68 $26,370 1.8%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 120 $13.59 $13.56 $28,200 3.0%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 180 $9.32 $9.51 $19,780 5.6%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 40 $9.73 $10.23 $21,290 1.6%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 60 $6.28 $7.45 $15,500 7.9%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 40 $7.52 $7.84 $16,310 4.2%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians (*) $9.16 $11.32 $23,550 1.5%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 30 $8.47 $9.02 $18,750 2.2%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $12.28 $12.24 $25,460 3.3%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $8.32 $8.62 $17,930 5.2%
    92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $10.31 $9.53 $19,820 8.2%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $11.61 $13.20 $27,450 6.2%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 110 $6.61 $6.99 $14,530 3.0%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 30 $8.53 $7.99 $16,610 7.6%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $8.51 $8.67 $18,040 2.6%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $11.63 $11.37 $23,640 2.8%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 $10.70 $11.81 $24,560 4.0%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $11.83 $11.12 $23,120 3.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $9.45 $9.91 $20,610 3.4%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 210 $9.61 $9.50 $19,760 1.3%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 260 $8.13 $8.78 $18,260 3.1%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 260 $12.36 $12.69 $26,400 1.6%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 520 $8.24 $8.73 $18,150 1.3%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 910 $7.67 $7.90 $16,440 2.4%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 30 $14.26 $13.48 $28,030 5.8%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 60 $14.02 $15.03 $31,260 1.5%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 2,080 $12.98 $14.17 $29,470 2.3%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,170 $9.06 $10.45 $21,730 1.9%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 300 $8.49 $8.45 $17,570 3.4%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 340 $9.62 $9.84 $20,470 2.5%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 190 $6.08 $6.57 $13,660 3.6%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 120 $5.99 $7.15 $14,880 3.0%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 150 $16.34 $15.72 $32,690 3.2%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 30 $16.37 $16.72 $34,770 3.3%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 430 $11.37 $12.42 $25,830 5.8%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 70 $11.97 $12.02 $24,990 2.7%
    97956 Operating Engineers 90 $13.64 $13.41 $27,900 1.2%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 80 $9.68 $11.48 $23,880 1.7%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 190 $8.65 $9.71 $20,190 2.4%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 130 $9.87 $10.55 $21,950 5.4%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 170 $8.67 $8.67 $18,030 2.2%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 40 $8.45 $9.10 $18,930 5.3%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 40 $9.48 $9.27 $19,290 2.7%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 70 $10.73 $10.89 $22,660 2.1%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 570 $8.17 $9.05 $18,820 3.2%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 370 $6.08 $6.62 $13,770 1.5%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 270 $6.73 $7.09 $14,750 2.7%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 880 $8.08 $8.32 $17,300 1.4%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001