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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Grand Forks (North Dakota-Minnesota) MSA

The Grand Forks metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of North Dakota and Minnesota.

Occupational divisions in Grand Forks:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 190 $23.42 $23.92 $49,760 3.2%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 60 $16.07 $18.21 $37,870 10.5%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 50 $14.78 $17.33 $36,040 5.6%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 90 $21.15 $22.65 $47,120 3.2%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 70 $17.78 $18.41 $38,290 4.8%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 60 $27.12 $26.95 $56,060 2.3%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 150 $30.57 $28.46 $59,200 4.2%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 30 $13.39 $13.34 $27,750 12.4%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 50 $18.63 $20.33 $42,280 2.3%
    15017 Construction Managers 130 $18.57 $21.15 $44,000 2.4%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 50 $22.91 $23.80 $49,510 3.0%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 180 $10.70 $12.14 $25,250 2.5%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 50 $10.55 $11.10 $23,090 7.8%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 960 $22.06 $25.60 $53,240 2.3%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 150 $17.76 $19.90 $41,390 2.3%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 130 $15.71 $16.81 $34,970 1.8%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 300 $16.65 $18.09 $37,630 3.2%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 80 $16.76 $17.50 $36,410 3.1%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 40 $17.27 $17.14 $35,640 2.3%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 30 $17.09 $17.02 $35,400 4.4%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 50 $16.08 $17.28 $35,950 1.9%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 70 $18.73 $19.83 $41,250 3.8%
    21902 Cost Estimators 60 $15.21 $16.02 $33,320 2.0%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 30 $18.20 $18.31 $38,080 1.6%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 50 $16.56 $17.59 $36,580 1.7%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 280 $12.32 $13.20 $27,460 0.8%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 100 $19.93 $22.24 $46,260 2.9%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 30 $25.87 $26.02 $54,120 3.9%
    22199 All Other Engineers 50 $19.05 $20.94 $43,560 3.0%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 90 $11.47 $12.53 $26,060 1.9%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 30 $20.05 $21.29 $44,270 6.5%
    22514 Drafters 50 $11.42 $12.54 $26,080 1.4%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 50 $17.34 $16.78 $34,910 1.6%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 30 $19.57 $21.46 $44,640 3.3%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 30 $10.56 $11.14 $23,180 1.3%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health (*) $13.11 $13.64 $28,360 7.0%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 60 $19.14 $20.05 $41,700 1.9%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 90 $15.15 $16.02 $33,320 6.1%
    25105 Computer Programmers 50 $15.40 $16.10 $33,490 1.4%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 40 $24.05 $24.12 $50,180 4.9%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 160 $13.81 $14.50 $30,170 2.5%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 160 $14.42 $15.54 $32,320 1.4%
    27307 Residential Counselors 250 $8.03 $8.11 $16,870 2.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 150 $8.92 $9.28 $19,310 4.1%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 80 $23.88 $26.79 $55,730 6.1%
    28302 Law Clerks 30 $7.60 $7.60 $15,810 2.8%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 40 $11.45 $12.70 $26,410 6.5%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 140 $8.10 $8.42 $17,520 7.1%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 50 * * $30,150 2.9%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 720 * * $33,150 1.4%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 480 * * $34,150 2.5%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 190 * * $33,180 1.6%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 100 $17.01 $17.83 $37,100 2.4%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 80 $10.37 $12.43 $25,860 5.8%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 220 $6.18 $8.55 $17,780 5.6%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 80 $16.01 $17.05 $35,460 4.0%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 50 $9.80 $10.07 $20,950 5.9%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 60 $18.07 $18.24 $37,940 2.1%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 50 $18.03 $18.02 $37,470 3.1%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 130 $7.76 $7.75 $16,110 3.2%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 30 # $56.68** $117,900** 23.7%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (*) $15.96 $17.06 $35,490 1.5%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 30 $12.68 $12.20 $25,370 5.7%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 550 $11.07 $11.23 $23,360 1.1%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 100 $9.70 $9.97 $20,740 1.6%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $7.83 $8.07 $16,790 4.7%
    32517 Pharmacists 60 $23.21 $24.51 $50,980 4.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 50 $8.75 $8.64 $17,960 3.8%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 40 $17.01 $17.98 $37,400 1.7%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 70 $21.89 $21.53 $44,790 4.2%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors (*) $14.22 $15.53 $32,300 6.7%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 30 $15.45 $16.68 $34,700 2.2%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 40 $9.58 $11.68 $24,290 2.4%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 50 $6.56 $7.48 $15,560 3.8%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 30 $8.00 $9.41 $19,570 4.5%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 70 $7.72 $7.84 $16,310 2.1%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 120 $15.57 $16.15 $33,590 1.5%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 770 $12.85 $14.97 $31,130 2.1%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 70 $13.97 $19.66 $40,900 12.6%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 70 $22.99 $27.84 $57,900 9.0%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 50 $14.28 $14.39 $29,940 2.1%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 40 $17.93 $20.32 $42,260 11.2%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 250 $14.61 $16.77 $34,890 5.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 2,110 $6.43 $8.61 $17,910 2.0%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 150 $11.38 $12.29 $25,560 3.9%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 260 $6.12 $7.25 $15,090 2.3%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 490 $6.67 $7.05 $14,670 3.0%
    49023 Cashiers 1,090 $6.54 $6.99 $14,530 2.2%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 50 $9.24 $9.91 $20,610 1.3%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 110 $8.98 $10.68 $22,220 2.3%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 350 $12.03 $14.14 $29,420 4.3%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 210 $7.57 $7.58 $15,760 1.7%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 30 $8.14 $8.54 $17,770 3.0%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 30 $9.13 $9.43 $19,610 1.4%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 70 $9.65 $9.98 $20,750 5.2%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 30 $8.97 $9.27 $19,290 8.5%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 60 $12.22 $12.27 $25,520 1.2%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 30 $10.27 $11.09 $23,080 1.8%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents (*) $14.51 $13.21 $27,470 4.3%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 140 $6.47 $6.61 $13,750 1.9%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 370 $8.21 $8.35 $17,360 1.9%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 80 $8.24 $8.85 $18,410 6.0%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,000 $9.18 $9.53 $19,830 2.9%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 410 $7.52 $7.71 $16,030 1.0%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 150 $7.94 $8.23 $17,110 1.4%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 60 $8.37 $9.64 $20,050 1.5%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 40 $14.91 $14.08 $29,290 5.8%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 690 $9.36 $9.78 $20,350 0.9%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 50 $10.68 $10.88 $22,640 0.8%
    55347 General Office Clerks 910 $8.86 $9.07 $18,860 1.0%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 70 $10.18 $10.81 $22,480 1.4%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 60 $8.95 $9.22 $19,180 1.2%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 60 $8.18 $8.50 $17,680 1.3%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 70 $13.33 $13.92 $28,950 2.0%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 480 $9.65 $10.22 $21,260 3.1%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 240 $10.18 $10.84 $22,550 4.4%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 130 $8.74 $9.63 $20,030 0.8%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 30 $18.10 $19.48 $40,520 3.7%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 40 $7.40 $8.30 $17,260 7.5%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 260 $10.20 $12.13 $25,240 3.5%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 230 $6.22 $7.56 $15,730 24.7%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 190 $5.97 $6.14 $12,770 1.9%
    65005 Bartenders 270 $6.24 $6.44 $13,400 2.7%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,130 $5.79 $5.71 $11,880 1.5%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 260 $6.52 $6.68 $13,890 1.9%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 190 $5.89 $6.12 $12,730 2.4%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 180 $10.28 $9.71 $20,210 4.0%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 50 $11.32 $10.81 $22,480 2.4%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 330 $7.31 $7.29 $15,170 1.3%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 260 $8.32 $8.38 $17,440 1.9%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 450 $6.16 $6.32 $13,150 3.1%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 80 $7.04 $7.24 $15,060 4.9%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 520 $6.66 $6.86 $14,260 2.2%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 560 $5.97 $6.20 $12,900 2.4%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 60 $7.03 $7.25 $15,080 3.4%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 80 $11.17 $11.15 $23,190 3.1%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 910 $7.70 $7.78 $16,170 1.4%
    66011 Home Health Aides 180 $7.55 $7.60 $15,820 1.6%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides (*) $8.19 $8.42 $17,520 3.1%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 440 $6.48 $6.90 $14,340 2.3%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 970 $8.72 $8.34 $17,350 2.6%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 130 $8.17 $8.54 $17,760 4.0%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 240 $6.74 $7.32 $15,220 5.7%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 320 $6.21 $6.56 $13,640 3.0%
    68038 Child Care Workers 180 $6.26 $6.71 $13,960 2.9%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 110 $8.91 $9.43 $19,610 4.3%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 450 $9.03 $9.65 $20,060 2.4%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 70 $7.87 $8.80 $18,310 6.0%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 210 $15.62 $17.77 $36,950 3.4%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 170 $15.21 $16.84 $35,020 2.7%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 170 $16.99 $16.64 $34,610 1.4%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 60 $16.82 $17.71 $36,850 2.1%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 40 $12.97 $14.34 $29,820 2.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 80 $14.96 $14.61 $30,390 2.7%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 450 $11.18 $11.18 $23,250 1.2%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 320 $11.49 $11.97 $24,900 2.2%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 50 $12.45 $12.58 $26,160 1.4%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 110 $12.97 $12.71 $26,430 3.9%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 70 $13.84 $15.23 $31,680 3.3%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 60 $10.90 $11.24 $23,370 3.6%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 30 $10.73 $10.18 $21,170 1.4%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 40 $17.33 $15.99 $33,270 8.4%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 30 $10.29 $10.53 $21,910 1.2%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment (*) $16.34 $15.95 $33,170 3.6%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 70 $21.57 $20.84 $43,350 3.8%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 150 $13.45 $13.82 $28,740 2.2%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 30 $10.21 $10.49 $21,820 8.1%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 90 $7.75 $7.85 $16,320 5.0%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 70 $12.97 $13.16 $27,380 0.9%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 480 $12.04 $12.26 $25,500 1.6%
    87202 Electricians 310 $13.19 $13.55 $28,190 2.5%
    87302 Brickmasons 100 $20.23 $21.18 $44,050 7.9%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 50 $11.69 $12.83 $26,680 6.5%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 90 $11.33 $11.63 $24,180 1.0%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 110 $13.18 $14.09 $29,310 1.4%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 110 $12.95 $13.40 $27,870 1.3%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 70 $11.57 $12.42 $25,840 5.7%
    87808 Roofers 50 $10.73 $10.63 $22,100 3.3%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89108 Machinists 40 $11.21 $12.59 $26,180 1.3%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 130 $12.05 $13.05 $27,150 3.8%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 70 $7.39 $7.65 $15,910 3.4%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 40 $10.53 $11.76 $24,470 1.7%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 150 $10.39 $10.85 $22,560 1.0%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 250 $8.52 $8.53 $17,740 1.1%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 300 $7.55 $8.12 $16,890 2.2%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 50 $14.56 $14.80 $30,790 1.4%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 560 $11.87 $12.39 $25,780 2.2%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 590 $8.00 $9.29 $19,320 2.0%
    97108 Bus Drivers 30 $8.33 $9.82 $20,430 3.1%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 210 $11.79 $11.10 $23,090 2.3%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (*) $7.09 $7.10 $14,780 2.7%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 280 $6.88 $8.06 $16,760 8.7%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 70 $6.11 $6.69 $13,920 4.9%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 50 $13.05 $13.04 $27,120 1.6%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 110 $13.53 $13.77 $28,640 1.6%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 30 $8.49 $9.53 $19,820 8.2%
    97956 Operating Engineers 70 $14.13 $14.38 $29,910 1.4%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 120 $10.86 $11.83 $24,610 1.2%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 50 $6.24 $8.22 $17,100 4.1%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 70 $11.15 $12.25 $25,470 8.7%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 170 $7.98 $7.94 $16,520 4.1%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 40 $8.38 $8.69 $18,080 5.7%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 40 $10.24 $10.62 $22,090 5.2%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 180 $9.47 $9.33 $19,400 0.9%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 180 $7.04 $7.32 $15,230 2.3%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 150 $7.41 $7.69 $15,990 2.0%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 470 $8.64 $8.89 $18,490 1.2%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

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    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001