Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
PRINT:Print
OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Huntsville, Alabama MSA

Huntsville is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in Alabama.

Occupational divisions in Huntsville:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 780 $19.82 $22.65 $47,110 3.4%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 240 $20.62 $21.53 $44,790 2.3%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 180 $17.83 $19.67 $40,910 3.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 420 $22.36 $24.85 $51,690 3.0%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 330 $21.67 $22.21 $46,200 3.5%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 1,340 $33.85 $31.70 $65,930 2.9%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 420 $28.80 $27.87 $57,970 3.2%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 180 $18.50 $18.81 $39,120 4.9%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 220 $8.62 $11.91 $24,770 10.5%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 250 $23.05 $25.33 $52,690 2.7%
    15017 Construction Managers 220 $21.02 $24.68 $51,340 6.4%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 160 $22.75 $22.80 $47,420 3.9%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 530 $12.17 $12.63 $26,280 3.3%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers (*) $7.80 $8.22 $17,090 5.9%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 70 $5.80 $8.69 $18,080 9.9%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 4,240 $24.10 $28.65 $59,600 3.0%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 910 $24.10 $25.27 $52,570 1.9%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 300 $11.89 $13.29 $27,650 4.7%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 980 $18.29 $20.07 $41,740 3.3%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 440 $20.74 $21.98 $45,720 7.2%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 70 $11.59 $12.84 $26,700 3.1%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 90 $11.87 $13.48 $28,030 2.1%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 720 $18.72 $20.39 $42,420 6.9%
    21902 Cost Estimators 260 $17.96 $19.24 $40,020 2.4%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 90 $17.35 $16.26 $33,820 10.1%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 120 $19.07 $20.32 $42,260 2.8%
    21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 60 $21.49 $22.57 $46,950 4.0%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22114 Chemical Engineers 70 $29.56 $27.83 $57,890 3.6%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 270 $29.97 $27.47 $57,150 4.7%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 3,470 $31.25 $29.35 $61,050 2.9%
    22127 Computer Engineers 2,180 $29.35 $27.90 $58,040 2.2%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 410 $33.17 $30.94 $64,350 2.7%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 780 $30.30 $28.29 $58,840 2.9%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 50 $26.39 $26.00 $54,080 5.7%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 30 $15.55 $18.46 $38,400 14.5%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 110 $13.72 $14.91 $31,010 3.9%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,170 $17.48 $18.70 $38,900 3.8%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $13.58 $15.66 $32,570 2.2%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 640 $18.47 $19.07 $39,650 4.0%
    22514 Drafters 430 $13.43 $14.40 $29,950 3.0%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 140 $9.74 $10.34 $21,510 1.8%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 680 $18.13 $18.56 $38,610 2.8%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 30 $15.99 $17.84 $37,110 2.3%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 280 $33.10 $32.60 $67,800 8.9%
    24308 Biological Scientists (*) $23.37 $24.75 $51,470 6.1%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health (*) $12.57 $11.99 $24,940 1.9%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 120 $14.07 $15.49 $32,220 6.9%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 1,780 $25.40 $25.71 $53,470 3.3%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 160 $21.81 $22.65 $47,120 2.2%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 1,470 $17.80 $18.52 $38,520 2.7%
    25105 Computer Programmers 1,330 $21.93 $22.72 $47,260 2.6%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 250 $12.43 $12.82 $26,680 1.9%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 280 $29.35 $27.11 $56,390 3.8%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 620 $31.74 $29.60 $61,570 3.6%
    25312 Statisticians 40 $22.22 $24.36 $50,670 4.3%
    25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists 90 $34.20 $31.31 $65,120 5.5%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 150 $15.13 $15.72 $32,700 2.9%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 250 $12.05 $13.11 $27,270 3.6%
    27307 Residential Counselors (*) $10.00 $17.97 $37,380 7.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 70 $9.21 $10.27 $21,350 3.9%
    27311 Recreation Workers 200 $10.54 $11.49 $23,910 6.4%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28102 Judges and Magistrates 50 $17.71 $19.00 $39,520 6.1%
    28108 Lawyers 320 $35.38 $34.46 $71,670 8.9%
    28302 Law Clerks (*) $5.77 $7.73 $16,090 5.2%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 80 $13.26 $15.26 $31,740 2.9%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 60 * * $43,920 2.4%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $38,430 4.1%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $38,940 8.5%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $34,450 5.4%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $42,090 3.4%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 330 * * $43,180 5.6%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 210 $6.93 $7.34 $15,270 3.9%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 330 * * $35,950 2.5%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,450 * * $36,670 1.6%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,510 * * $37,460 1.1%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 270 $18.19 $18.64 $38,780 2.5%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 110 $8.87 $10.84 $22,540 7.1%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 380 $14.75 $13.54 $28,160 7.3%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 160 $20.21 $19.93 $41,460 1.9%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 50 $8.59 $9.28 $19,310 3.0%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 210 $19.88 $19.28 $40,100 2.6%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 180 $18.04 $18.76 $39,020 2.7%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 800 $5.99 $5.92 $12,320 4.1%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 560 $52.72 $46.17** $96,040** 13.4%
    32105 Dentists 70 $46.94 $44.60** $92,760** 17.0%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 50 $18.16 $18.59 $38,660 9.7%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 30 $21.37 $21.83 $45,410 3.1%
    32308 Physical Therapists 60 $23.21 $25.23 $52,470 8.3%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 70 $19.43 $20.37 $42,380 6.5%
    32399 All Other Therapists 160 $16.64 $16.52 $34,370 1.9%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,730 $16.63 $17.84 $37,100 3.1%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 720 $10.21 $10.59 $22,040 2.0%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 30 $9.08 $8.88 $18,460 2.7%
    32517 Pharmacists 200 $29.45 $28.04 $58,330 3.2%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 170 $7.80 $7.72 $16,060 3.2%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 30 $12.48 $12.02 $25,010 3.5%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 180 $14.15 $15.37 $31,970 3.4%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 150 $12.33 $12.46 $25,920 2.3%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 270 $14.82 $14.26 $29,660 6.7%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 100 $8.22 $8.96 $18,630 5.8%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 200 $14.37 $15.96 $33,190 4.1%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 240 $11.60 $11.19 $23,270 2.5%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 30 $7.94 $8.48 $17,640 3.5%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 400 $11.86 $14.16 $29,450 8.8%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 80 $14.88 $16.33 $33,960 3.1%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 300 $19.83 $20.48 $42,610 3.0%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 60 $20.41 $21.83 $45,400 4.8%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 90 $12.99 $14.70 $30,580 10.0%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 90 $8.76 $10.85 $22,570 15.3%
    34023 Photographers 110 $10.44 $12.18 $25,340 3.8%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 40 $8.27 $9.85 $20,490 8.6%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 50 $9.74 $10.30 $21,420 10.7%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 240 $12.97 $14.19 $29,510 2.9%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 310 $17.15 $18.67 $38,840 8.6%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 50 * * $27,810 2.2%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers (*) * * $20,610 2.6%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 30 $16.73 $17.30 $35,980 7.8%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 1,460 $23.23 $23.06 $47,960 4.6%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,630 $11.93 $14.85 $30,880 2.9%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 200 $15.43 $18.02 $37,480 7.5%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 60 $9.03 $11.97 $24,900 9.3%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate (*) $39.07 $35.02 $72,850 5.3%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 150 $17.23 $23.02 $47,880 20.6%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 170 $11.96 $13.09 $27,220 3.1%
    43021 Travel Agents 100 $10.41 $10.12 $21,060 5.2%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 120 $13.72 $16.22 $33,750 5.2%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 50 $12.25 $14.11 $29,350 5.5%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers (*) $24.83 $27.29 $56,760 9.3%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 570 $19.85 $21.67 $45,070 4.2%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 1,200 $17.96 $20.31 $42,250 4.0%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 5,330 $7.34 $8.65 $17,980 2.4%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 330 $9.39 $10.75 $22,350 5.3%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 520 $6.72 $6.97 $14,490 2.4%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,620 $6.69 $7.28 $15,140 1.1%
    49023 Cashiers 4,770 $6.11 $6.40 $13,320 1.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 220 $6.60 $8.22 $17,110 11.9%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 490 $11.40 $13.73 $28,560 7.1%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,620 $14.51 $16.53 $34,380 3.9%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 750 $7.55 $7.59 $15,790 1.1%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 160 $7.70 $7.85 $16,330 1.9%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 120 $8.55 $8.98 $18,680 3.0%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks (*) $12.36 $14.78 $30,750 4.5%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 80 $16.30 $18.96 $39,440 19.7%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 100 $11.75 $10.96 $22,800 4.6%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks (*) $9.56 $9.85 $20,500 7.5%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 250 $10.17 $10.14 $21,080 0.9%
    53705 Municipal Clerks (*) $8.66 $9.80 $20,390 7.7%
    53708 License Clerks 30 $12.06 $11.51 $23,930 3.5%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents (*) $8.74 $9.73 $20,240 3.4%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 250 $6.21 $6.64 $13,810 4.6%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 50 $6.65 $7.62 $15,840 4.8%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 140 $5.81 $6.35 $13,200 3.8%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 390 $10.33 $10.08 $20,970 6.4%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 250 $8.90 $8.88 $18,470 3.1%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 3,400 $11.54 $11.67 $24,280 0.9%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 70 $9.97 $10.16 $21,140 2.6%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,350 $7.92 $8.24 $17,130 2.0%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 340 $9.61 $9.67 $20,110 1.5%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 320 $11.73 $11.87 $24,680 1.1%
    55321 File Clerks 290 $7.16 $7.39 $15,380 2.7%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service (*) $10.20 $10.29 $21,400 0.9%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 210 $10.86 $10.86 $22,590 3.1%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 80 $10.12 $10.01 $20,810 5.6%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 140 $8.14 $8.55 $17,770 1.5%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 200 $10.98 $11.52 $23,960 2.6%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,100 $10.06 $10.80 $22,470 2.6%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 170 $11.35 $11.68 $24,290 1.8%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 370 $9.79 $9.99 $20,780 1.7%
    55347 General Office Clerks 3,980 $8.59 $11.03 $22,940 2.4%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 140 $8.40 $8.51 $17,690 2.2%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 110 $7.83 $8.25 $17,160 6.7%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 490 $13.95 $13.52 $28,130 1.3%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 50 $8.73 $9.20 $19,130 1.7%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 430 $8.74 $8.99 $18,700 1.6%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing (*) $9.97 $10.25 $21,320 1.3%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 70 $8.89 $9.55 $19,860 1.5%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 240 $7.22 $7.45 $15,500 1.5%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 60 $10.80 $10.66 $22,180 1.8%
    57311 Messengers 80 $7.44 $7.89 $16,410 2.4%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 130 $10.44 $10.83 $22,530 5.3%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 110 $10.59 $11.06 $23,010 3.5%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 470 $13.22 $15.74 $32,740 10.7%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 120 $12.59 $12.30 $25,590 5.9%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 1,020 $8.45 $9.22 $19,170 1.4%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 140 $7.91 $8.36 $17,380 2.2%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,170 $8.73 $10.11 $21,030 1.7%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 250 $9.62 $12.34 $25,660 1.6%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,420 $12.90 $12.88 $26,790 1.7%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 100 $18.84 $20.75 $43,160 4.0%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 120 $7.19 $8.18 $17,020 6.5%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 880 $8.62 $10.17 $21,160 2.8%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public (*) $7.84 $8.52 $17,710 6.7%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 1,360 $6.63 $7.59 $15,780 3.5%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 240 $5.87 $7.34 $15,270 5.9%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 240 $6.52 $6.56 $13,650 2.5%
    65005 Bartenders 220 $5.90 $6.18 $12,850 2.7%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 2,050 $5.78 $5.63 $11,710 1.5%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 90 $6.60 $6.71 $13,970 3.7%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 270 $6.08 $6.07 $12,620 2.5%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 520 $5.81 $5.58 $11,610 2.2%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 210 $6.97 $6.92 $14,390 3.0%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 210 $9.70 $10.05 $20,900 2.3%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 720 $6.62 $6.97 $14,490 3.7%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 390 $7.91 $9.20 $19,130 13.6%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 900 $5.77 $5.69 $11,840 1.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 90 $7.07 $7.06 $14,680 2.5%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 830 $6.01 $6.28 $13,060 1.6%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 2,340 $5.73 $5.90 $12,260 2.2%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 230 $5.95 $6.53 $13,580 1.5%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 270 $11.06 $10.67 $22,200 4.3%
    66005 Medical Assistants 170 $9.19 $9.30 $19,330 5.2%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 810 $6.65 $6.91 $14,370 1.7%
    66011 Home Health Aides 730 $6.30 $6.58 $13,690 2.1%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 40 $14.78 $13.58 $28,250 3.1%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 260 $7.76 $8.52 $17,730 1.9%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,670 $5.82 $5.91 $12,300 1.9%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,010 $6.90 $7.33 $15,240 1.9%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 280 $7.10 $7.39 $15,380 1.5%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 350 $6.56 $7.85 $16,330 10.9%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 240 $5.79 $5.91 $12,290 2.5%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 60 $5.85 $5.86 $12,200 2.9%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 40 $6.06 $6.70 $13,940 5.5%
    68038 Child Care Workers 820 $6.22 $6.50 $13,520 2.9%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 270 $6.15 $7.13 $14,820 1.7%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 50 $9.43 $9.43 $19,610 3.6%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 120 $6.30 $7.46 $15,520 7.5%
    79033 Pruners 50 $10.00 $9.67 $20,100 4.4%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 900 $7.80 $8.02 $16,680 1.8%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 120 $7.29 $7.17 $14,910 4.6%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 190 $8.14 $9.10 $18,920 1.9%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 410 $18.63 $19.49 $40,530 2.5%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 320 $14.67 $15.20 $31,620 2.8%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 900 $16.99 $17.47 $36,340 2.2%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 110 $15.92 $16.09 $33,480 3.8%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 110 $13.09 $13.63 $28,360 1.0%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 290 $17.37 $19.22 $39,980 3.4%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 630 $11.35 $12.88 $26,790 6.4%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,210 $11.39 $12.53 $26,050 3.8%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 110 $10.05 $11.50 $23,910 2.0%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 550 $14.96 $14.45 $30,060 2.8%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 60 $14.67 $14.34 $29,830 2.7%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 100 $11.91 $13.06 $27,160 0.8%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 1,410 $10.89 $11.45 $23,820 2.9%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 920 $11.28 $12.38 $25,740 1.9%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 180 $13.45 $13.69 $28,480 5.4%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 90 $12.40 $12.90 $26,840 5.1%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 50 $13.32 $14.04 $29,200 1.2%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 50 $12.47 $12.90 $26,840 4.6%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 60 $9.37 $10.06 $20,920 1.6%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 50 $19.98 $19.73 $41,050 4.0%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 230 $13.58 $14.89 $30,970 7.1%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 470 $14.94 $15.16 $31,530 2.0%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 30 $8.39 $12.20 $25,370 16.6%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 60 $13.47 $11.53 $23,980 22.1%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 110 $16.36 $16.17 $33,630 2.4%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 40 $14.71 $15.83 $32,930 8.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 280 $11.31 $12.18 $25,340 2.1%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers (*) $11.48 $13.39 $27,860 7.9%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 30 $12.90 $13.13 $27,310 3.1%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 70 $12.07 $12.21 $25,390 7.3%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 110 $7.27 $7.69 $16,000 5.0%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 590 $12.64 $13.33 $27,730 2.3%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 550 $11.19 $11.59 $24,110 2.0%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 40 $10.71 $10.77 $22,400 12.4%
    87108 Drywall Installers 80 $13.21 $12.87 $26,760 7.4%
    87202 Electricians 950 $15.51 $17.14 $35,660 3.3%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 130 $9.30 $9.48 $19,720 4.8%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 310 $9.64 $9.84 $20,470 3.5%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 450 $13.42 $14.69 $30,560 1.7%
    87508 Pipelayers 40 $9.06 $8.88 $18,470 1.3%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 80 $9.43 $9.73 $20,230 1.2%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers (*) $10.01 $10.19 $21,200 9.3%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 60 $11.55 $11.38 $23,680 6.4%
    87808 Roofers 40 $10.82 $10.59 $22,030 1.6%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 130 $8.04 $8.99 $18,700 4.1%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 300 $17.57 $19.09 $39,700 11.7%
    89108 Machinists 990 $13.63 $13.75 $28,600 2.3%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 110 $10.34 $10.61 $22,060 4.2%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 360 $8.53 $9.75 $20,280 2.7%
    89308 Wood Machinists (*) $16.00 $12.33 $25,650 12.7%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 150 $9.86 $11.03 $22,940 6.1%
    89508 Upholsterers (*) $7.50 $7.61 $15,820 8.3%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 50 $7.51 $7.55 $15,690 2.2%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 160 $10.21 $10.63 $22,100 2.3%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 90 $11.50 $12.07 $25,100 2.7%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $13.55 $13.70 $28,490 3.5%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $10.70 $10.48 $21,790 1.7%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $10.93 $11.57 $24,070 2.4%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 260 $12.08 $11.77 $24,480 2.1%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 150 $9.05 $8.94 $18,600 1.6%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 190 $9.99 $9.78 $20,350 2.8%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 $10.65 $12.40 $25,800 2.0%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 30 $11.62 $11.70 $24,330 1.8%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 120 $11.21 $11.29 $23,490 2.1%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 40 $6.78 $6.88 $14,320 2.7%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 110 $5.89 $6.36 $13,220 2.2%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 120 $7.14 $7.08 $14,730 2.4%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 170 $6.92 $7.32 $15,230 4.2%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 $10.69 $10.38 $21,600 5.0%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $11.58 $11.34 $23,600 1.1%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 150 $8.10 $8.39 $17,440 2.1%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 40 $13.25 $12.84 $26,700 2.3%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 240 $7.85 $8.43 $17,540 1.1%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $11.81 $12.24 $25,460 1.1%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 920 $8.20 $9.35 $19,450 1.1%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision (*) $7.39 $7.61 $15,830 2.9%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 320 $8.01 $8.38 $17,430 2.1%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 420 $11.21 $11.86 $24,670 1.2%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 80 $9.91 $12.60 $26,210 3.4%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 1,600 $10.98 $10.75 $22,360 1.9%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 3,770 $15.28 $14.70 $30,590 15.5%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (*) $13.28 $13.95 $29,010 3.7%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 210 $11.86 $12.19 $25,350 2.5%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,180 $11.81 $12.90 $26,830 2.7%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,600 $7.87 $8.61 $17,910 1.9%
    97108 Bus Drivers 70 $6.74 $7.36 $15,310 9.7%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 190 $5.70 $5.63 $11,710 3.1%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 940 $6.75 $8.90 $18,500 7.0%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 50 $8.22 $7.84 $16,300 1.9%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 40 $5.94 $6.23 $12,950 11.5%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 60 $10.58 $11.17 $23,240 5.3%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 170 $11.64 $10.93 $22,740 2.4%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 120 $10.59 $10.35 $21,530 2.9%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 390 $11.34 $12.37 $25,720 3.3%
    97956 Operating Engineers 130 $10.20 $11.07 $23,030 1.3%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 240 $10.49 $10.64 $22,130 2.9%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 160 $8.11 $8.39 $17,460 3.3%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 140 $8.44 $8.57 $17,820 2.2%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 120 $7.52 $7.62 $15,840 4.0%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 90 $9.31 $9.11 $18,950 1.7%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 30 $7.47 $7.39 $15,370 4.3%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 220 $8.82 $8.90 $18,510 1.7%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,100 $8.52 $8.76 $18,210 1.8%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 1,710 $6.00 $6.17 $12,830 3.8%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 200 $6.72 $7.06 $14,690 3.2%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,660 $7.92 $8.61 $17,900 1.6%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for Alabama

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001