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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Lawrence (Massachusetts-New Hampshire) PMSA

The Lawrence primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) includes parts of Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

Occupational divisions in Lawrence:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 870 $24.13 $26.88 $55,900 2.8%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 230 $25.01 $25.20 $52,410 1.6%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 270 $26.35 $25.50 $53,050 2.9%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 670 $27.90 $29.75 $61,890 5.1%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 310 $24.43 $26.89 $55,930 3.1%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 530 $39.23 $37.58 $78,170 2.8%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 580 $29.51 $27.83 $57,890 3.2%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 270 $26.31 $26.70 $55,540 3.3%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 180 $16.83 $17.49 $36,380 8.3%
    15017 Construction Managers 200 $24.45 $24.51 $50,980 7.8%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 350 $30.77 $27.98 $58,200 5.9%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 470 $14.62 $15.33 $31,890 7.8%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 3,990 $30.95 $31.97 $66,500 1.9%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 950 $23.04 $25.43 $52,890 3.5%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 30 $18.05 $19.63 $40,830 4.7%
    21105 Credit Analysts 30 $16.77 $18.31 $38,080 8.1%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 180 $23.08 $25.74 $53,550 5.4%
    21111 Tax Preparers 170 $12.11 $15.31 $31,850 2.8%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 900 $18.27 $20.17 $41,940 2.5%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 200 $13.80 $17.99 $37,430 4.4%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 140 $16.34 $19.74 $41,060 8.8%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 400 $19.77 $21.60 $44,920 1.9%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 100 $12.49 $12.29 $25,570 4.3%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 320 $18.93 $19.49 $40,550 4.4%
    21902 Cost Estimators 160 $23.16 $23.14 $48,140 3.7%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors (*) $14.80 $14.95 $31,100 2.8%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 60 $18.31 $17.75 $36,910 9.5%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 850 $21.78 $23.88 $49,680 2.6%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 160 $23.07 $23.57 $49,020 3.2%
    22127 Computer Engineers 1,230 $34.31 $31.94 $66,430 2.4%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 350 $29.08 $27.55 $57,300 4.4%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 130 $15.12 $15.53 $32,290 9.7%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 30 $16.20 $16.90 $35,160 5.2%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 950 $20.90 $20.61 $42,860 1.9%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $19.86 $20.64 $42,940 4.1%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 120 $17.64 $17.79 $37,010 3.3%
    22514 Drafters 330 $20.03 $19.90 $41,380 1.5%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40 $13.94 $13.82 $28,750 5.3%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 340 $18.01 $19.34 $40,220 1.1%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists (*) $36.50 $34.10 $70,920 4.8%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 90 $32.73 $30.97 $64,420 4.0%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists (*) $13.68 $18.42 $38,310 5.5%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health (*) $14.40 $14.63 $30,430 0.9%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists (*) $11.67 $12.42 $25,840 3.8%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25103 Data Base Administrators 150 $21.39 $22.31 $46,410 2.8%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 910 $20.55 $22.32 $46,420 9.1%
    25105 Computer Programmers 790 $28.04 $28.29 $58,850 4.8%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 30 $14.83 $16.47 $34,250 2.5%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 30 $23.37 $25.98 $54,040 9.1%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 90 $21.44 $24.40 $50,760 4.6%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 280 $17.22 $17.69 $36,790 2.1%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 460 $16.21 $16.07 $33,430 1.6%
    27307 Residential Counselors 510 $9.44 $11.84 $24,630 3.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 700 $11.04 $11.27 $23,440 3.5%
    27311 Recreation Workers 320 $7.01 $8.03 $16,700 2.9%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 190 $25.25 $33.59** $69,870** 23.2%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 140 $15.67 $17.00 $35,350 9.4%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $42,490 7.9%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $38,900 8.4%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $51,670 6.5%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $43,940 3.8%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 40 * * $37,960 8.6%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 760 $10.14 $10.67 $22,180 5.0%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 270 * * $27,390 7.2%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 3,250 * * $40,860 2.8%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,660 * * $42,500 3.2%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 610 * * $41,320 2.0%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 330 $20.53 $18.26 $37,980 7.8%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 30 $12.38 $12.48 $25,960 21.8%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 400 $7.30 $8.85 $18,410 9.6%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 240 * * $29,680 3.0%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 130 $17.78 $18.13 $37,710 1.8%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 140 $9.54 $10.23 $21,280 3.5%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 30 $17.33 $17.39 $36,160 6.2%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 200 $17.77 $18.38 $38,230 3.9%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 100 $18.65 $18.55 $38,580 12.5%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,180 $7.84 $8.29 $17,250 6.6%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 440 # $56.92** $118,380** 16.7%
    32105 Dentists 170 $40.43 $39.24** $81,610** 14.6%
    32108 Optometrists (*) $36.24 $34.88 $72,560 15.0%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 50 $30.32 $28.99 $60,300 6.1%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 100 $18.85 $19.43 $40,420 5.0%
    32308 Physical Therapists 130 $21.98 $23.53 $48,950 3.1%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 90 $19.64 $19.70 $40,990 3.0%
    32502 Registered Nurses 2,880 $20.40 $20.27 $42,160 1.3%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 890 $15.52 $15.72 $32,700 1.9%
    32511 Physician Assistants (*) $26.37 $21.71 $45,160 11.6%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $11.51 $11.91 $24,770 1.9%
    32517 Pharmacists 130 $31.98 $29.77 $61,920 3.6%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 130 $7.94 $8.13 $16,920 2.3%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 30 $16.86 $18.76 $39,020 3.0%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 90 $19.62 $20.14 $41,890 2.6%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 80 $11.21 $11.63 $24,180 6.8%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 280 $22.80 $22.78 $47,380 3.1%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 90 $11.82 $11.85 $24,650 5.2%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 140 $16.56 $16.60 $34,520 2.0%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 70 $11.25 $11.24 $23,380 3.7%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 500 $14.78 $15.63 $32,500 1.7%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 150 $17.84 $19.60 $40,760 1.9%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 50 $23.37 $24.54 $51,050 3.0%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 40 $16.68 $17.81 $37,040 2.2%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents (*) $15.78 $14.67 $30,510 1.7%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television (*) $19.27 $22.05 $45,870 19.1%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture (*) $16.47 $17.28 $35,940 2.7%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians (*) $13.19 $15.47 $32,180 3.5%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers (*) $15.04 $16.23 $33,750 1.9%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 130 $11.92 $15.01 $31,220 5.6%
    34041 Interior Designers 30 $13.11 $13.11 $27,270 7.0%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 40 $21.10 $25.12 $52,250 12.3%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 430 $17.83 $18.66 $38,820 3.2%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 2,210 $14.00 $17.09 $35,560 2.2%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 270 $17.51 $17.17 $35,700 8.9%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 40 $16.17 $17.97 $37,370 11.7%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 100 $18.20 $27.21 $56,600 25.9%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 170 $15.20 $17.36 $36,100 2.0%
    43021 Travel Agents 120 $10.46 $10.94 $22,760 3.5%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 80 $14.86 $16.77 $34,880 6.9%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 40 $14.03 $16.46 $34,240 10.6%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 130 $30.35 $31.20 $64,900 4.1%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 1,200 $24.44 $28.31 $58,890 6.5%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 1,100 $19.69 $22.61 $47,020 4.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 4,850 $7.31 $8.64 $17,980 1.9%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 230 $10.82 $11.93 $24,810 2.7%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 490 $7.26 $8.05 $16,750 3.7%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,840 $7.73 $8.47 $17,610 1.2%
    49023 Cashiers 3,520 $7.17 $7.63 $15,860 1.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 450 $13.04 $13.96 $29,040 3.2%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 590 $12.01 $15.65 $32,560 7.8%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,620 $15.28 $16.67 $34,660 1.8%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 530 $9.03 $9.11 $18,950 2.3%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 70 $11.30 $11.14 $23,160 2.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 110 $11.67 $11.74 $24,430 1.7%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 540 $11.24 $12.53 $26,050 1.5%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 50 $18.42 $19.36 $40,260 2.7%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 60 $10.76 $10.88 $22,620 2.9%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 180 $12.50 $12.75 $26,530 5.3%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 310 $12.12 $12.16 $25,290 1.9%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 30 $10.76 $11.75 $24,440 7.1%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 110 $8.16 $8.21 $17,070 1.9%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 170 $6.21 $7.27 $15,110 4.9%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 780 $7.55 $7.78 $16,180 5.4%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks (*) $11.73 $11.47 $23,860 2.2%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 230 $13.42 $13.25 $27,550 4.0%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 450 $11.44 $11.32 $23,550 1.9%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 2,870 $12.50 $13.02 $27,080 2.3%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 70 $13.00 $13.12 $27,290 1.1%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,740 $9.16 $9.46 $19,670 1.5%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 360 $11.42 $11.57 $24,060 2.1%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 70 $12.85 $13.24 $27,540 1.3%
    55321 File Clerks 240 $9.34 $9.54 $19,850 3.3%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 360 $11.03 $11.42 $23,760 0.8%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 50 $15.22 $15.45 $32,140 1.4%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 110 $9.62 $9.74 $20,250 1.4%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 370 $13.73 $14.52 $30,200 2.9%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,010 $11.77 $12.40 $25,800 1.2%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 220 $12.34 $12.64 $26,280 3.3%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 450 $11.59 $12.03 $25,030 1.3%
    55347 General Office Clerks 3,210 $10.04 $10.23 $21,270 1.3%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 70 $10.25 $10.43 $21,700 0.9%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 220 $15.26 $15.65 $32,560 1.1%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 460 $10.63 $10.95 $22,770 3.6%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 190 $10.11 $9.94 $20,680 1.2%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 30 $9.04 $9.52 $19,800 3.8%
    57311 Messengers 50 $10.06 $9.97 $20,750 1.6%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 100 $12.63 $12.34 $25,660 2.3%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 140 $11.01 $12.01 $24,970 1.0%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 840 $18.19 $17.82 $37,070 2.3%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 1,780 $12.74 $12.56 $26,120 2.8%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,670 $11.33 $11.15 $23,180 3.0%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 100 $12.17 $12.16 $25,290 1.4%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 370 $10.99 $11.18 $23,260 3.7%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 80 $22.99 $22.53 $46,860 3.6%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors (*) $24.58 $26.98 $56,110 7.3%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 100 $13.14 $13.67 $28,440 2.5%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 560 $12.99 $15.39 $32,000 4.3%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters 830 $17.74 $15.87 $33,010 7.7%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 490 $16.47 $15.87 $33,010 4.1%
    63044 Crossing Guards (*) $6.69 $7.23 $15,040 4.1%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 1,090 $8.17 $9.02 $18,760 5.7%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 360 $7.72 $8.39 $17,450 2.7%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 170 $8.00 $8.35 $17,360 2.8%
    65005 Bartenders 450 $6.01 $6.64 $13,810 2.1%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,970 $5.82 $6.13 $12,750 2.8%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 70 $6.66 $7.03 $14,620 2.3%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 430 $6.32 $6.93 $14,410 4.2%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 1,620 $6.48 $6.76 $14,060 2.1%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 240 $10.22 $10.29 $21,400 2.4%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 90 $14.44 $14.42 $30,000 5.0%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 590 $9.58 $9.80 $20,370 2.7%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 400 $10.56 $10.64 $22,140 3.3%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 260 $6.27 $7.09 $14,750 6.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 210 $6.44 $6.99 $14,540 7.9%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,460 $7.60 $7.73 $16,080 2.7%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,760 $6.51 $7.10 $14,770 3.0%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 250 $7.09 $7.38 $15,360 1.6%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 260 $13.20 $12.83 $26,700 3.9%
    66005 Medical Assistants 180 $11.58 $11.56 $24,050 3.3%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,870 $9.93 $9.81 $20,400 1.8%
    66011 Home Health Aides 830 $9.52 $9.47 $19,710 1.9%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 90 $10.91 $11.35 $23,610 4.9%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 110 $7.81 $8.55 $17,780 3.7%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 840 $7.75 $7.94 $16,510 1.2%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,920 $8.54 $9.20 $19,140 2.2%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 210 $10.27 $10.45 $21,740 2.9%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 640 $8.06 $9.07 $18,860 6.1%
    68011 Shampooers 30 $6.03 $6.49 $13,510 9.1%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 260 $6.57 $7.02 $14,590 3.8%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 60 $5.88 $6.34 $13,180 3.4%
    68038 Child Care Workers 250 $8.21 $8.32 $17,290 4.0%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 110 $10.03 $10.89 $22,650 4.2%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 90 $7.30 $8.19 $17,040 2.3%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,130 $9.37 $10.06 $20,920 3.3%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 30 $8.88 $8.77 $18,240 2.6%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 320 $18.95 $20.42 $42,470 2.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 230 $17.81 $19.09 $39,700 2.5%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 930 $20.26 $22.33 $46,450 2.5%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 50 $18.17 $19.39 $40,330 2.5%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 150 $15.65 $17.48 $36,360 3.4%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 210 $18.54 $20.38 $42,390 2.4%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 40 $14.29 $14.84 $30,870 6.5%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 390 $17.60 $18.26 $37,990 1.9%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 40 $18.13 $17.70 $36,810 2.4%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 950 $13.69 $14.26 $29,650 1.6%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 860 $13.14 $13.50 $28,090 7.8%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 160 $14.42 $15.10 $31,410 8.8%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 140 $15.99 $16.00 $33,290 2.0%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 70 $13.92 $14.95 $31,100 6.8%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 100 $22.99 $22.39 $46,570 3.8%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 380 $21.98 $19.53 $40,630 6.1%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 30 $13.68 $14.61 $30,400 5.7%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 80 $13.33 $14.89 $30,970 3.4%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (*) $21.00 $19.59 $40,740 2.6%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 280 $14.69 $15.10 $31,410 5.5%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 50 $17.20 $17.25 $35,880 2.1%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 30 $12.54 $11.85 $24,650 3.4%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers (*) $10.70 $10.66 $22,170 3.9%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 40 $7.96 $8.21 $17,080 2.7%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 240 $19.10 $18.24 $37,940 1.9%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 860 $17.90 $18.69 $38,870 3.3%
    87202 Electricians 530 $17.49 $17.18 $35,740 3.6%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 210 $13.69 $14.70 $30,580 5.3%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 490 $18.94 $19.15 $39,830 6.2%
    87508 Pipelayers 60 $15.20 $16.40 $34,100 2.7%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 90 $10.31 $11.27 $23,440 6.1%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 180 $21.43 $19.96 $41,520 8.7%
    87808 Roofers 50 $14.77 $14.51 $30,180 4.2%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 80 $12.06 $17.88 $37,190 9.3%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 130 $21.88 $21.77 $45,290 2.7%
    89108 Machinists 720 $15.32 $15.22 $31,650 2.5%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 70 $9.95 $11.67 $24,270 2.6%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 150 $15.21 $15.24 $31,710 3.6%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 110 $13.30 $13.17 $27,400 2.0%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 30 $7.97 $8.92 $18,560 5.6%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 30 $16.78 $16.68 $34,680 6.8%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $13.91 $14.08 $29,280 2.2%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.80 $15.01 $31,220 7.5%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $10.05 $10.46 $21,760 1.1%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 $13.07 $12.87 $26,780 2.0%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $11.13 $11.62 $24,170 1.2%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 110 $8.53 $10.96 $22,790 4.8%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 160 $9.09 $9.76 $20,300 1.2%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 $12.71 $13.32 $27,700 4.7%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $12.00 $12.86 $26,760 6.5%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $9.58 $9.37 $19,480 1.6%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 90 $10.19 $10.61 $22,060 1.4%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 150 $8.26 $9.19 $19,110 2.2%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 310 $13.47 $12.81 $26,650 4.5%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 40 $17.27 $15.22 $31,660 5.2%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $13.68 $14.07 $29,270 4.7%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $7.95 $8.86 $18,430 3.3%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 60 $7.86 $8.44 $17,560 1.9%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 130 $7.95 $8.13 $16,910 2.3%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 60 $9.60 $9.84 $20,460 1.5%
    92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors 60 $11.50 $12.44 $25,870 6.6%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $9.11 $8.34 $17,350 2.3%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $11.96 $12.16 $25,290 1.4%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 40 $10.97 $10.46 $21,760 1.2%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $10.89 $10.85 $22,580 2.3%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $11.80 $12.61 $26,220 3.8%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $10.75 $11.50 $23,910 4.0%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 240 $13.11 $12.98 $27,010 2.0%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 270 $11.08 $11.97 $24,900 7.1%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 460 $8.41 $9.44 $19,640 1.3%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 190 $11.40 $11.84 $24,620 2.1%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 780 $9.84 $10.49 $21,820 4.2%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 100 $10.44 $10.65 $22,140 1.6%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 120 $8.12 $8.99 $18,700 4.9%
    93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers (*) $9.96 $11.93 $24,820 3.5%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 170 $15.05 $14.99 $31,170 1.1%
    93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand (*) $10.29 $9.88 $20,560 1.5%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 40 $10.24 $11.04 $22,960 1.2%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 890 $8.78 $9.79 $20,370 1.7%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 70 $15.76 $16.55 $34,420 3.2%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 40 $17.39 $17.59 $36,600 1.8%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators (*) $11.58 $13.16 $27,380 7.0%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,120 $14.05 $14.96 $31,110 1.4%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 970 $9.69 $10.13 $21,060 2.1%
    97108 Bus Drivers 160 $12.02 $12.04 $25,050 1.6%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 750 $9.49 $9.44 $19,630 2.1%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 160 $7.61 $7.68 $15,980 2.0%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 290 $6.51 $8.93 $18,570 21.0%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators (*) $7.65 $7.81 $16,250 3.6%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 290 $7.29 $7.41 $15,410 2.6%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 140 $15.16 $17.05 $35,460 5.9%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 50 $15.30 $16.43 $34,170 3.0%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 140 $13.10 $13.10 $27,250 1.9%
    97956 Operating Engineers 40 $22.06 $22.46 $46,710 5.3%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 80 $11.88 $13.68 $28,440 2.1%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 150 $9.60 $10.38 $21,590 1.1%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 30 $12.42 $13.39 $27,860 2.9%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 100 $8.61 $10.09 $20,990 4.4%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 40 $10.16 $10.64 $22,120 3.0%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 40 $13.61 $13.24 $27,530 4.9%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 110 $13.45 $13.84 $28,790 2.6%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 180 $13.42 $13.64 $28,370 15.2%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 900 $11.47 $11.85 $24,660 1.6%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 1,190 $7.15 $7.39 $15,360 1.2%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 180 $7.95 $8.43 $17,530 3.4%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 940 $8.99 $11.06 $23,010 6.7%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001