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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Lowell (Massachusetts-New Hampshire) PMSA

The Lowell primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) includes parts of Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

Occupational divisions in Lowell:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 890 $27.46 $28.35 $58,970 2.4%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 230 $29.76 $28.78 $59,870 3.1%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 190 $26.81 $26.40 $54,910 3.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 750 $37.29 $35.27 $73,360 3.5%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 420 $26.30 $26.71 $55,550 2.8%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 950 $40.63 $37.56 $78,120 2.5%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 440 $30.53 $27.91 $58,040 4.9%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 110 $18.56 $20.84 $43,350 7.3%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 30 $18.87 $21.27 $44,240 9.4%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 310 $32.41 $31.19 $64,870 2.9%
    15017 Construction Managers 130 $22.53 $24.87 $51,720 3.1%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 170 $23.78 $24.85 $51,680 3.9%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 550 $9.37 $11.11 $23,110 6.8%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers (*) $14.13 $14.00 $29,120 4.6%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 3,220 $35.25 $34.73 $72,240 2.3%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 780 $32.73 $31.42 $65,350 2.9%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21105 Credit Analysts 30 $16.59 $16.60 $34,520 3.4%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 90 $19.80 $23.43 $48,730 5.1%
    21111 Tax Preparers (*) $15.83 $15.40 $32,040 2.5%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 830 $17.26 $18.63 $38,740 1.8%
    21117 Budget Analysts 70 $22.61 $23.68 $49,250 2.7%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 150 $25.16 $25.26 $52,550 4.0%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 160 $18.43 $21.23 $44,150 5.0%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 380 $18.36 $18.90 $39,300 3.0%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 180 $16.12 $16.63 $34,590 4.9%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 340 $19.64 $20.67 $42,990 1.8%
    21902 Cost Estimators 240 $21.35 $21.60 $44,930 1.9%
    21905 Management Analysts (*) $24.21 $24.87 $51,720 4.2%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction (*) $13.54 $15.00 $31,200 1.8%
    21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 30 $14.96 $14.79 $30,760 6.0%
    21917 Assessors (*) $18.23 $18.09 $37,620 4.0%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 950 $18.49 $21.33 $44,370 2.8%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic (*) $27.91 $27.51 $57,220 4.5%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 770 $28.67 $27.97 $58,170 2.6%
    22127 Computer Engineers 2,340 $34.73 $33.18 $69,020 4.2%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 190 $29.97 $28.20 $58,660 3.4%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 50 $25.18 $25.27 $52,560 3.9%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 370 $25.01 $26.48 $55,090 2.4%
    22199 All Other Engineers 1,290 $33.45 $31.38 $65,260 2.9%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $18.91 $18.06 $37,570 2.3%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,040 $18.73 $20.73 $43,120 2.8%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 90 $18.06 $19.63 $40,830 7.6%
    22514 Drafters 280 $17.58 $18.51 $38,490 1.6%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 30 $15.62 $15.82 $32,910 4.9%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 490 $19.80 $21.52 $44,770 3.4%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 80 $23.51 $26.44 $54,990 13.9%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists (*) $31.49 $28.58 $59,450 4.3%
    24308 Biological Scientists (*) $21.82 $25.58 $53,210 4.9%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 100 $15.01 $16.65 $34,630 3.5%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing (*) $32.20 $28.88 $60,070 5.6%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 80 $24.07 $27.09 $56,350 2.6%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 640 $23.11 $23.68 $49,250 5.4%
    25105 Computer Programmers 660 $31.68 $29.43 $61,200 5.3%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 60 $16.41 $19.07 $39,660 4.9%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 40 $22.63 $23.31 $48,480 2.5%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners (*) $16.86 $17.18 $35,730 2.3%
    27108 Psychologists 80 $23.61 $25.56 $53,160 6.4%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 260 $18.96 $19.68 $40,940 4.5%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 230 $18.32 $19.61 $40,780 4.4%
    27307 Residential Counselors 90 $10.19 $10.13 $21,070 2.9%
    27308 Human Services Workers 260 $14.66 $14.90 $30,990 6.4%
    27311 Recreation Workers 140 $7.87 $8.35 $17,360 3.5%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 200 $19.67 $22.31 $46,390 9.2%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 90 $11.65 $13.95 $29,030 11.5%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 560 $10.77 $11.29 $23,470 2.2%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 210 * * $40,430 4.5%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 2,080 * * $42,510 2.3%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,430 * * $46,590 2.8%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 440 * * $44,240 1.8%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 530 $20.47 $19.37 $40,290 6.3%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 80 $11.48 $12.08 $25,130 1.3%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 330 $13.08 $14.59 $30,350 6.9%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 150 * * $30,010 5.8%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 90 $22.34 $22.70 $47,210 4.7%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 80 $13.63 $12.54 $26,090 6.3%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 160 $22.85 $22.77 $47,370 3.0%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 40 $15.78 $17.94 $37,310 10.3%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 940 $7.14 $7.58 $15,770 4.6%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 450 # $56.21** $116,910** 27.3%
    32105 Dentists 70 # $48.05** $99,950** 17.9%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 40 $24.87 $26.25 $54,600 4.2%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 40 $18.85 $18.99 $39,500 2.9%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 80 $23.84 $24.62 $51,220 3.5%
    32308 Physical Therapists 110 $31.78 $29.34 $61,030 4.2%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 80 $21.88 $22.44 $46,680 2.7%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 30 $12.33 $12.36 $25,720 2.3%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,470 $20.72 $23.12 $48,090 3.9%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 780 $16.57 $16.50 $34,310 2.2%
    32511 Physician Assistants (*) $17.58 $17.90 $37,220 3.2%
    32517 Pharmacists 150 $31.22 $28.93 $60,160 2.6%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 130 $7.82 $7.99 $16,620 3.5%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 50 $14.49 $14.68 $30,540 1.6%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians (*) $7.65 $7.75 $16,130 4.0%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists (*) $16.99 $15.43 $32,090 2.7%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 180 $22.45 $22.52 $46,830 3.2%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 30 $9.73 $10.55 $21,940 3.4%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists (*) $12.63 $15.10 $31,410 1.7%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 50 $12.55 $12.49 $25,990 2.7%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 60 $17.66 $17.38 $36,150 1.5%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors (*) $18.71 $19.50 $40,550 3.8%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 250 $30.47 $29.37 $61,100 4.8%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 50 $28.59 $26.90 $55,950 5.6%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 110 $15.28 $15.64 $32,540 1.7%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 130 $18.76 $18.89 $39,290 3.2%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 600 $27.30 $26.50 $55,110 2.8%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,160 $17.87 $21.07 $43,820 4.3%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 150 $22.51 $24.44 $50,830 9.8%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate (*) $33.18 $30.09 $62,590 8.1%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 40 $17.34 $23.27 $48,400 29.1%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 170 $18.20 $26.56 $55,240 22.1%
    43021 Travel Agents 110 $11.18 $11.80 $24,550 8.2%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 80 $14.82 $20.87 $43,410 17.5%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 80 $19.16 $24.68 $51,340 5.2%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 230 $31.77 $31.55 $65,620 4.5%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 1,020 $28.78 $28.38 $59,020 3.8%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 880 $22.64 $26.40 $54,910 6.9%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 2,270 $8.12 $9.99 $20,780 2.3%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 190 $15.39 $14.85 $30,880 3.3%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 520 $7.35 $7.97 $16,580 3.9%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,130 $7.81 $8.66 $18,010 4.5%
    49023 Cashiers 3,210 $7.02 $7.46 $15,510 2.3%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 40 $22.24 $21.86 $45,470 5.4%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 430 $14.05 $16.15 $33,580 7.4%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,110 $16.95 $18.41 $38,290 3.7%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 510 $8.56 $8.73 $18,160 2.2%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 80 $10.90 $10.91 $22,680 3.2%
    53111 Loan Interviewers (*) $11.44 $12.11 $25,180 1.1%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 70 $11.43 $12.01 $24,980 1.1%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 370 $14.08 $14.30 $29,740 2.6%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 160 $12.61 $12.68 $26,380 2.1%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 280 $14.11 $14.13 $29,380 2.3%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 100 $8.19 $8.46 $17,590 2.7%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 100 $13.31 $11.95 $24,850 5.4%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 360 $7.22 $7.57 $15,740 4.6%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 190 $13.87 $12.39 $25,770 9.9%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 120 $10.70 $11.14 $23,180 3.4%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 2,480 $13.00 $13.13 $27,300 1.6%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,060 $10.24 $10.14 $21,080 1.0%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 190 $11.47 $11.79 $24,530 0.9%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 130 $13.87 $14.24 $29,620 3.0%
    55321 File Clerks 180 $9.08 $8.98 $18,680 2.0%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 880 $12.86 $13.56 $28,210 3.0%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 40 $13.08 $13.42 $27,900 1.8%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 370 $13.99 $16.28 $33,870 1.5%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,580 $12.40 $12.84 $26,700 1.1%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 150 $12.17 $12.77 $26,550 1.8%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks (*) $12.38 $12.47 $25,930 2.3%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,130 $10.46 $10.52 $21,870 2.1%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 50 $11.16 $11.17 $23,230 1.1%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 120 $15.50 $17.17 $35,720 2.1%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 160 $11.05 $11.18 $23,260 0.8%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 160 $10.69 $10.44 $21,710 0.9%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 60 $10.75 $10.96 $22,790 0.9%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 170 $13.98 $16.37 $34,050 12.8%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 150 $14.33 $14.38 $29,920 5.7%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 420 $13.73 $14.92 $31,030 0.9%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 740 $10.79 $11.47 $23,850 2.1%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales (*) $15.35 $14.64 $30,460 9.9%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 830 $11.43 $12.01 $24,970 2.6%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 260 $11.43 $12.52 $26,050 1.9%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors (*) $24.95 $26.21 $54,520 5.9%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors (*) $23.41 $23.01 $47,850 2.7%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 60 $12.23 $12.19 $25,360 3.6%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 410 $13.04 $15.37 $31,970 3.9%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters (*) $18.26 $17.52 $36,440 4.0%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers (*) $17.49 $16.67 $34,680 2.8%
    63044 Crossing Guards 40 $9.77 $9.48 $19,730 1.7%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 910 $7.61 $8.21 $17,080 3.3%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 80 $7.90 $8.82 $18,350 1.8%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 160 $7.30 $7.43 $15,460 2.3%
    65005 Bartenders 650 $6.66 $6.93 $14,410 2.1%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,610 $5.86 $6.53 $13,580 2.8%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 160 $6.02 $6.82 $14,180 6.5%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 1,100 $6.05 $6.48 $13,470 1.6%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 250 $9.10 $9.22 $19,180 5.1%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 100 $12.54 $14.88 $30,960 6.1%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 400 $8.81 $9.65 $20,070 2.7%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 230 $10.35 $10.48 $21,810 4.5%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 380 $6.29 $8.22 $17,090 17.0%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order (*) $9.79 $10.42 $21,660 6.7%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 790 $8.30 $8.42 $17,510 3.0%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,620 $6.43 $6.81 $14,150 2.4%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 180 $12.75 $12.95 $26,930 6.1%
    66005 Medical Assistants 140 $10.57 $10.87 $22,620 2.5%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,740 $9.31 $9.86 $20,520 4.6%
    66011 Home Health Aides 320 $10.10 $10.01 $20,810 1.0%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 70 $11.53 $11.75 $24,440 9.3%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 30 $13.56 $13.78 $28,670 2.3%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers (*) $7.88 $8.26 $17,180 3.6%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 450 $7.46 $7.54 $15,690 2.3%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,400 $10.06 $10.54 $21,920 3.1%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 190 $9.36 $9.92 $20,630 1.6%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 450 $6.80 $7.44 $15,480 3.4%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 100 $9.32 $9.26 $19,270 1.3%
    68038 Child Care Workers 220 $7.52 $7.77 $16,170 4.0%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm (*) $7.08 $8.45 $17,580 1.9%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 680 $10.06 $10.37 $21,580 1.8%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 260 $19.91 $20.62 $42,900 3.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 170 $21.76 $22.55 $46,910 2.5%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 690 $18.50 $19.29 $40,130 2.2%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 130 $18.09 $19.01 $39,550 1.7%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 160 $19.12 $21.00 $43,690 1.9%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 390 $14.42 $15.41 $32,060 3.4%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 680 $11.95 $12.27 $25,530 2.2%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 330 $17.07 $17.52 $36,440 1.9%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 110 $16.93 $17.20 $35,770 8.4%
    85123 Millwrights (*) $12.10 $13.12 $27,300 11.6%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 740 $13.33 $13.67 $28,440 1.4%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 420 $14.12 $14.18 $29,490 3.8%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 70 $12.21 $13.25 $27,560 11.7%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 140 $16.12 $15.96 $33,200 1.2%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 80 $17.14 $16.67 $34,670 1.7%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 300 $21.24 $19.36 $40,280 4.9%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 180 $15.45 $16.28 $33,850 2.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 230 $15.06 $15.05 $31,290 6.0%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers (*) $21.46 $22.71 $47,230 3.6%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 340 $17.64 $17.40 $36,200 1.7%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 950 $15.22 $16.19 $33,670 4.8%
    87108 Drywall Installers 60 $19.73 $19.85 $41,280 3.6%
    87111 Tapers 50 $18.04 $20.68 $43,020 23.6%
    87202 Electricians 830 $15.81 $15.34 $31,910 1.9%
    87302 Brickmasons 30 $15.30 $18.73 $38,960 10.2%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers (*) $16.99 $17.86 $37,160 6.9%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 250 $13.27 $16.65 $34,640 13.0%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 360 $14.31 $15.11 $31,430 3.5%
    87508 Pipelayers 80 $13.13 $14.76 $30,700 2.6%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (*) $8.44 $9.43 $19,600 10.6%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 90 $13.54 $14.72 $30,630 6.7%
    87808 Roofers 170 $14.60 $14.33 $29,800 2.2%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 50 $17.24 $16.56 $34,440 1.4%
    89108 Machinists 600 $15.71 $16.36 $34,020 2.1%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 130 $17.15 $20.52 $42,680 9.3%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 50 $13.23 $15.01 $31,220 1.8%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.58 $13.29 $27,640 1.9%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.55 $12.97 $26,970 1.7%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $15.58 $15.77 $32,810 2.6%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $14.55 $14.14 $29,410 3.7%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 $15.92 $14.95 $31,100 3.5%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $9.20 $9.75 $20,280 3.0%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 $11.04 $11.10 $23,080 1.3%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $9.73 $10.55 $21,940 4.2%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $11.92 $15.49 $32,210 3.7%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $10.32 $11.05 $22,980 1.4%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $18.88 $17.89 $37,200 2.2%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $9.52 $10.39 $21,610 2.3%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 210 $14.21 $15.09 $31,380 1.3%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 450 $10.53 $10.31 $21,440 2.6%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 110 $7.68 $7.82 $16,270 2.3%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (*) $7.81 $7.91 $16,460 3.5%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $14.20 $13.91 $28,930 2.9%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 170 $11.04 $12.07 $25,110 3.6%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders (*) $12.22 $11.77 $24,490 3.1%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $14.88 $15.45 $32,130 3.9%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 240 $8.29 $9.40 $19,560 5.3%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 500 $12.55 $14.16 $29,460 1.9%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 290 $14.49 $14.44 $30,030 2.0%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 250 $10.74 $11.26 $23,420 4.7%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 750 $13.39 $13.75 $28,610 1.9%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 30 $14.64 $13.96 $29,030 3.0%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 330 $11.08 $11.09 $23,060 2.7%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 110 $15.21 $15.31 $31,850 1.4%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 50 $10.50 $10.39 $21,600 1.8%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 1,360 $8.49 $9.39 $19,530 1.2%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 510 $9.10 $9.32 $19,390 2.0%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,140 $16.42 $16.91 $35,180 1.8%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 2,580 $11.23 $12.74 $26,490 1.5%
    97108 Bus Drivers 320 $11.13 $11.63 $24,190 1.9%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 380 $6.50 $8.33 $17,330 2.7%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 100 $7.98 $8.27 $17,210 3.5%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 150 $6.68 $8.05 $16,750 5.6%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 270 $7.10 $7.54 $15,680 4.5%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 130 $17.50 $20.36 $42,340 6.7%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 50 $17.03 $18.46 $38,390 3.2%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 230 $12.40 $12.70 $26,420 1.2%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 170 $11.41 $12.32 $25,620 1.7%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 260 $9.85 $10.56 $21,970 2.9%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 60 $10.81 $10.80 $22,470 4.7%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers (*) $8.48 $8.76 $18,210 7.4%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 40 $9.71 $9.79 $20,360 9.9%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 110 $10.72 $10.98 $22,840 1.5%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 510 $10.24 $10.70 $22,260 1.4%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 1,240 $8.15 $8.46 $17,600 4.4%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 90 $8.38 $9.51 $19,790 2.3%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,100 $8.87 $11.14 $23,170 6.9%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001