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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Lynchburg, Virginia MSA

Lynchburg is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in Virginia.

Occupational divisions in Lynchburg:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 370 $21.95 $23.31 $48,490 2.9%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 140 $22.69 $22.41 $46,620 2.0%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 130 $20.24 $20.24 $42,100 2.9%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 230 $23.20 $25.46 $52,950 3.1%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 150 $20.85 $21.35 $44,400 3.1%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 280 $34.35 $32.67 $67,950 2.5%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 250 $22.94 $23.23 $48,310 4.9%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 80 $23.23 $23.56 $49,010 8.2%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 30 $11.45 $15.67 $32,600 24.8%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 240 $23.66 $26.65 $55,420 3.4%
    15017 Construction Managers 290 $18.14 $19.73 $41,050 2.9%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 70 $20.46 $21.92 $45,600 2.4%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 270 $13.18 $13.60 $28,280 4.5%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 70 $5.85 $8.08 $16,800 6.1%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 2,640 $22.43 $26.57 $55,270 2.3%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 550 $17.76 $20.40 $42,430 2.8%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 70 $15.94 $16.27 $33,840 1.5%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 140 $13.60 $14.88 $30,940 8.8%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 380 $16.46 $17.54 $36,480 3.3%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 180 $16.72 $18.21 $37,880 1.9%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 60 $13.62 $14.46 $30,070 2.9%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 190 $13.38 $14.66 $30,490 1.2%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 190 $12.78 $14.88 $30,940 9.4%
    21902 Cost Estimators 120 $15.66 $17.81 $37,040 5.6%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 50 $13.12 $14.04 $29,200 3.0%
    21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 70 $11.70 $12.99 $27,030 5.2%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic (*) $21.42 $21.00 $43,670 5.2%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 1,130 $34.70 $32.62 $67,860 4.2%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 70 $30.43 $30.93 $64,320 15.3%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 210 $21.17 $22.20 $46,180 2.1%
    22199 All Other Engineers 240 $22.36 $23.40 $48,670 2.3%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 270 $16.79 $18.04 $37,530 2.1%
    22514 Drafters 330 $17.34 $16.85 $35,050 2.7%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 210 $13.86 $15.48 $32,190 4.9%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 30 $13.94 $16.73 $34,800 2.7%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 30 $12.74 $14.70 $30,590 8.4%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 180 $26.03 $25.83 $53,730 4.1%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 60 $17.65 $19.23 $40,010 2.2%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 140 $17.59 $18.28 $38,020 2.2%
    25105 Computer Programmers 130 $21.71 $22.59 $46,990 4.3%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 40 $13.75 $13.75 $28,590 4.1%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 90 $14.92 $15.97 $33,220 2.0%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 110 $14.94 $15.17 $31,550 3.5%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 350 $11.45 $11.67 $24,270 2.2%
    27307 Residential Counselors 30 $7.39 $8.21 $17,070 6.2%
    27311 Recreation Workers 80 $7.49 $8.19 $17,040 3.5%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 210 $32.21 $31.05 $64,570 10.7%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 50 $10.69 $10.37 $21,560 9.4%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $36,550 5.8%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $37,340 5.3%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $38,330 3.2%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $32,780 6.3%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $31,480 10.2%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $36,860 6.8%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 110 $7.24 $8.29 $17,250 4.5%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 110 * * $31,840 2.2%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,200 * * $27,890 7.2%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,040 * * $32,380 5.3%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 150 $12.44 $14.32 $29,780 5.1%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 80 $10.72 $11.71 $24,360 3.9%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 400 $6.53 $7.42 $15,430 3.6%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 460 * * $21,120 14.1%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 80 $14.36 $14.53 $30,230 8.1%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 90 $17.05 $18.00 $37,440 4.2%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 330 $5.98 $6.07 $12,620 4.2%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 320 # $49.03** $101,990** 14.5%
    32105 Dentists (*) $49.04 $44.73** $93,030** 18.1%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 40 $22.58 $23.07 $47,990 5.7%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 50 $15.36 $15.30 $31,820 2.1%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 40 $22.96 $24.37 $50,680 3.4%
    32308 Physical Therapists 80 $25.17 $27.44 $57,080 9.0%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 90 $17.53 $18.18 $37,820 13.2%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,160 $17.26 $17.09 $35,550 3.2%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 490 $11.14 $11.40 $23,720 2.1%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $15.79 $16.04 $33,360 4.6%
    32517 Pharmacists 120 $33.89 $30.11 $62,620 3.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 70 $7.98 $8.11 $16,870 2.2%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 30 $12.28 $12.77 $26,550 8.1%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 50 $16.02 $16.41 $34,140 2.5%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 60 $12.47 $12.39 $25,770 1.5%
    32908 Dental Hygienists (*) $23.49 $24.43 $50,820 4.9%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 30 $9.89 $10.68 $22,220 6.9%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 120 $11.14 $12.44 $25,880 3.9%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 330 $11.17 $11.86 $24,660 1.8%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 40 $12.50 $13.90 $28,920 3.6%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 30 $14.75 $16.39 $34,090 3.0%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents (*) $10.91 $11.50 $23,920 1.3%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television (*) $6.00 $5.83 $12,120 4.7%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 50 $9.61 $10.59 $22,030 8.6%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 130 $9.08 $10.23 $21,270 4.6%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 40 $7.67 $7.69 $15,990 3.3%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 280 $14.35 $15.72 $32,690 1.4%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,070 $12.57 $14.21 $29,560 2.9%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 220 $13.20 $15.04 $31,270 13.2%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 90 $23.46 $29.59 $61,540 11.9%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 100 $12.57 $14.45 $30,060 3.5%
    43021 Travel Agents 40 $11.21 $11.08 $23,040 2.5%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 40 $14.28 $14.29 $29,720 2.8%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 30 $15.37 $19.73 $41,040 4.7%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 70 $25.65 $25.68 $53,410 4.9%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 200 $19.27 $20.70 $43,060 2.3%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 430 $16.42 $17.96 $37,360 5.0%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 3,400 $6.68 $7.76 $16,130 1.1%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 360 $12.06 $12.17 $25,310 4.5%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 250 $7.41 $8.41 $17,500 4.3%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 630 $7.20 $7.76 $16,130 1.5%
    49023 Cashiers 2,840 $6.13 $6.41 $13,330 1.2%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 260 $9.13 $10.51 $21,860 1.9%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 920 $13.02 $14.26 $29,670 1.3%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 660 $8.26 $8.27 $17,200 2.6%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 40 $9.40 $9.31 $19,360 4.9%
    53117 Credit Checkers 40 $8.67 $8.06 $16,760 1.9%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 120 $9.30 $9.68 $20,130 1.6%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 130 $9.43 $10.81 $22,480 0.8%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (*) $27.95 $28.54 $59,360 3.8%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 40 $11.00 $10.83 $22,520 1.0%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 90 $9.01 $9.12 $18,960 4.5%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 150 $10.91 $11.38 $23,680 5.1%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 60 $10.25 $11.03 $22,940 1.0%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 80 $6.93 $6.99 $14,550 3.0%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 110 $5.99 $6.87 $14,280 7.7%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 50 $8.62 $7.91 $16,440 11.5%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 110 $10.00 $11.31 $23,530 8.4%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 90 $10.81 $10.43 $21,690 3.6%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,540 $9.33 $9.90 $20,580 1.2%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 60 $10.91 $11.52 $23,960 5.5%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 700 $7.70 $7.96 $16,560 1.7%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 150 $8.98 $8.91 $18,520 2.8%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 80 $11.70 $11.76 $24,450 1.8%
    55321 File Clerks 110 $7.14 $7.39 $15,360 2.2%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 220 $9.56 $9.74 $20,250 2.6%
    55326 Procurement Clerks (*) $7.90 $8.44 $17,560 5.4%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 30 $10.43 $11.26 $23,430 5.7%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 80 $17.30 $15.25 $31,710 4.8%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,040 $10.01 $10.19 $21,200 1.2%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 110 $11.34 $11.80 $24,530 1.3%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 350 $8.66 $8.60 $17,890 3.0%
    55347 General Office Clerks 1,820 $8.16 $8.57 $17,830 1.5%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 50 $10.16 $10.39 $21,610 7.8%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 70 $11.04 $11.55 $24,030 2.3%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 230 $7.98 $8.14 $16,920 2.6%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 140 $7.21 $7.55 $15,700 1.9%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 90 $7.43 $7.65 $15,910 1.9%
    57305 Postal Mail Carriers 290 $16.52 $16.13 $33,550 1.5%
    57311 Messengers (*) $6.74 $7.67 $15,950 3.3%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 130 $9.84 $10.42 $21,680 5.6%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 150 $9.31 $9.90 $20,600 1.7%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 210 $12.31 $13.12 $27,300 2.4%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 40 $10.11 $12.07 $25,110 6.8%
    58021 Marking Clerks (*) $9.73 $9.48 $19,720 1.3%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 590 $9.18 $9.49 $19,750 1.6%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 340 $7.69 $7.73 $16,090 1.6%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 940 $10.26 $10.87 $22,620 1.7%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers (*) $10.87 $11.03 $22,950 1.0%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 50 $16.64 $19.11 $39,750 5.7%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 60 $9.29 $9.17 $19,070 2.5%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 370 $9.90 $10.92 $22,700 2.5%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 400 $16.66 $18.51 $38,510 6.3%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 670 $5.93 $6.84 $14,230 1.8%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 220 $7.88 $11.03 $22,930 18.8%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 190 $6.12 $6.36 $13,230 2.8%
    65005 Bartenders 100 $5.93 $6.34 $13,190 3.3%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,110 $5.77 $5.71 $11,870 1.6%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside (*) $6.78 $6.86 $14,260 2.3%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 190 $5.83 $5.97 $12,420 2.9%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 90 $6.01 $6.12 $12,730 3.2%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 50 $6.06 $6.58 $13,680 3.6%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 100 $9.64 $9.12 $18,970 0.9%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 520 $6.63 $6.96 $14,470 3.5%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 170 $7.05 $7.29 $15,160 3.7%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 370 $5.74 $5.68 $11,820 1.9%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 200 $6.40 $6.72 $13,970 7.7%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,410 $6.49 $6.99 $14,540 2.4%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,110 $5.84 $6.12 $12,720 2.5%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 550 $6.92 $7.02 $14,600 1.9%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 220 $6.78 $7.79 $16,190 9.5%
    66005 Medical Assistants 80 $8.50 $9.12 $18,980 5.7%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,260 $7.12 $7.38 $15,350 3.6%
    66011 Home Health Aides 220 $7.33 $8.11 $16,870 12.0%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 60 $11.82 $13.35 $27,770 7.0%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers (*) $11.00 $10.89 $22,650 12.0%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 660 $5.92 $6.19 $12,880 2.1%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,970 $6.69 $7.32 $15,220 3.1%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 190 $7.39 $8.21 $17,070 9.2%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 350 $7.54 $8.16 $16,970 5.9%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (*) $11.13 $11.06 $23,000 1.5%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 30 $5.83 $5.67 $11,790 3.4%
    68038 Child Care Workers 370 $6.14 $6.59 $13,700 2.9%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 80 $8.24 $9.44 $19,620 13.7%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 150 $6.00 $6.01 $12,500 2.3%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 30 $11.77 $13.31 $27,680 3.1%
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 80 $7.60 $8.80 $18,300 11.1%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 70 $5.81 $5.82 $12,120 2.5%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 470 $7.26 $7.55 $15,710 1.7%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 40 $7.04 $7.12 $14,810 4.8%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 330 $16.39 $17.55 $36,500 1.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 280 $13.72 $15.13 $31,470 3.7%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 710 $17.18 $17.53 $36,470 1.1%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 80 $16.41 $16.43 $34,180 2.6%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 120 $12.57 $13.36 $27,780 1.9%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 190 $15.17 $15.94 $33,160 2.2%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 150 $11.51 $12.57 $26,150 1.1%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 830 $10.46 $11.15 $23,200 1.1%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 460 $14.48 $14.12 $29,360 0.9%
    85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 110 $12.58 $12.35 $25,690 1.8%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant (*) $16.57 $19.22 $39,980 9.7%
    85123 Millwrights 120 $13.08 $14.61 $30,380 11.3%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 70 $12.14 $12.39 $25,760 4.0%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 690 $10.20 $10.55 $21,940 2.0%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 520 $11.46 $11.57 $24,070 1.7%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 100 $12.61 $12.87 $26,770 3.4%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 170 $11.31 $11.46 $23,840 1.2%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 90 $10.79 $11.03 $22,940 2.6%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics (*) $12.17 $11.73 $24,400 3.8%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 50 $9.25 $10.08 $20,960 1.3%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 110 $13.28 $14.77 $30,710 2.5%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment (*) $14.78 $15.03 $31,260 1.6%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 70 $19.27 $17.36 $36,100 2.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 250 $11.11 $10.79 $22,440 2.7%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 40 $18.07 $18.56 $38,600 2.8%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 30 $12.05 $11.68 $24,300 3.4%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 30 $8.76 $9.00 $18,730 8.9%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 90 $8.04 $8.29 $17,250 1.3%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 330 $13.16 $13.47 $28,010 1.4%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 490 $10.43 $10.58 $22,000 2.7%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters (*) $11.47 $10.94 $22,750 5.9%
    87202 Electricians 660 $13.29 $13.26 $27,590 1.8%
    87302 Brickmasons 150 $15.41 $15.08 $31,360 3.9%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 80 $10.48 $10.67 $22,200 4.5%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 380 $10.33 $10.14 $21,090 3.1%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 420 $10.94 $11.76 $24,450 5.2%
    87602 Carpet Installers 30 $9.89 $9.86 $20,510 3.5%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 170 $9.03 $10.02 $20,840 1.7%
    87808 Roofers 100 $9.54 $9.61 $19,990 1.9%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 60 $10.56 $10.80 $22,460 1.4%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 170 $12.69 $13.02 $27,070 4.7%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 40 $14.01 $13.31 $27,680 2.3%
    89108 Machinists 460 $13.39 $13.25 $27,560 1.3%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 40 $10.06 $10.88 $22,630 1.1%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 180 $11.71 $11.71 $24,350 1.5%
    89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood (*) $13.92 $13.90 $28,910 1.4%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 80 $9.94 $10.37 $21,570 1.7%
    89717 Strippers 40 $12.27 $13.00 $27,030 2.1%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 210 $10.61 $9.94 $20,680 1.5%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $8.56 $10.21 $21,240 7.5%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 $12.61 $12.49 $25,980 1.4%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $11.44 $11.22 $23,340 1.4%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $10.71 $10.52 $21,870 5.9%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $11.38 $11.76 $24,470 4.2%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 30 $10.05 $10.91 $22,690 8.7%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 120 $7.47 $7.59 $15,800 2.8%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing (*) $9.70 $9.73 $20,240 2.0%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 110 $9.26 $8.98 $18,680 1.6%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $13.15 $12.77 $26,560 5.3%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $11.34 $11.05 $22,990 14.2%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 150 $10.71 $11.07 $23,020 6.6%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $8.63 $8.72 $18,140 2.3%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 170 $7.37 $7.37 $15,330 1.5%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 150 $7.05 $7.20 $14,980 2.0%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 50 $10.23 $10.19 $21,180 10.2%
    92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 40 $14.73 $13.85 $28,800 4.0%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 150 $12.97 $13.27 $27,610 6.1%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $9.34 $9.97 $20,730 1.7%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $10.14 $9.99 $20,780 2.2%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 180 $11.36 $10.55 $21,930 1.6%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 220 $12.92 $12.25 $25,470 1.5%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 660 $10.13 $10.62 $22,100 1.3%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers (*) $14.28 $13.55 $28,190 1.8%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision (*) $9.36 $9.52 $19,800 2.4%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 280 $8.27 $8.98 $18,670 1.7%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 780 $11.08 $11.49 $23,910 3.4%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision (*) $6.85 $7.27 $15,120 4.8%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 810 $6.07 $7.52 $15,640 1.3%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 150 $11.38 $14.00 $29,120 14.8%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 110 $9.79 $11.06 $23,010 11.5%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,450 $11.61 $13.09 $27,220 4.6%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 910 $7.80 $8.25 $17,170 2.1%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 560 $6.43 $6.80 $14,140 2.8%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 230 $10.23 $9.59 $19,940 6.9%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 80 $7.11 $7.14 $14,850 2.4%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 50 $6.37 $7.27 $15,120 2.4%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 70 $10.45 $10.39 $21,610 3.8%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 50 $11.62 $11.52 $23,970 3.8%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 100 $10.44 $10.10 $21,010 3.1%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 420 $11.58 $11.01 $22,890 2.5%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 180 $8.84 $9.02 $18,770 1.3%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 170 $9.52 $9.46 $19,670 3.1%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 250 $8.56 $8.89 $18,490 7.0%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 190 $8.17 $8.19 $17,040 2.3%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 170 $8.39 $8.57 $17,820 4.1%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 40 $7.85 $7.88 $16,400 4.1%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 300 $8.03 $8.64 $17,980 2.2%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (*) $9.04 $9.32 $19,390 4.5%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 480 $7.17 $7.85 $16,320 3.8%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 1,350 $5.97 $6.35 $13,200 1.7%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 150 $7.02 $6.92 $14,380 4.5%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,520 $7.99 $8.53 $17,740 2.5%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for Virginia

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001