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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Minneapolis-St. Paul (Minnesota-Wisconsin) MSA

The Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of Minnesota and Wisconsin.

Occupational divisions in Minneapolis-St. Paul:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 10,160 $30.83 $30.75 $63,970 1.2%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 3,190 $27.66 $27.76 $57,750 2.4%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 2,290 $21.91 $24.65 $51,280 2.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 10,260 $32.88 $32.01 $66,570 3.7%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 3,880 $24.41 $26.19 $54,480 1.8%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 6,800 $36.32 $34.72 $72,220 1.6%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 120 $23.87 $25.29 $52,590 2.5%
    15005 Education Administrators 2,840 $31.78 $28.84 $59,990 2.3%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 2,180 $26.29 $26.98 $56,110 2.0%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 2,280 $16.63 $17.53 $36,450 4.7%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 3,390 $30.12 $29.94 $62,280 3.8%
    15017 Construction Managers 2,460 $25.59 $27.95 $58,140 4.5%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 2,330 $30.28 $28.64 $59,580 2.1%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 3,340 $13.97 $14.88 $30,950 2.8%
    15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 50 $11.40 $12.17 $25,310 3.6%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 150 $11.92 $12.56 $26,130 11.1%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 640 $10.35 $18.05 $37,550 12.4%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 40,100 $32.55 $33.51 $69,710 1.4%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 15,040 $28.25 $28.58 $59,450 4.4%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 1,920 $22.07 $23.53 $48,930 1.4%
    21105 Credit Analysts 500 $15.60 $17.22 $35,820 3.1%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 3,780 $16.97 $22.06 $45,880 5.4%
    21111 Tax Preparers 650 $16.80 $18.12 $37,700 12.2%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 13,940 $18.10 $19.61 $40,800 1.1%
    21117 Budget Analysts 450 $22.46 $23.82 $49,540 1.4%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 6,400 $20.24 $22.33 $46,450 1.9%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,860 $15.64 $17.33 $36,040 1.9%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 400 $16.86 $22.39 $46,560 8.2%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,310 $18.64 $19.60 $40,770 1.4%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 330 $24.95 $27.66 $57,530 7.1%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 840 $14.00 $19.93 $41,450 9.1%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 7,060 $18.67 $19.51 $40,580 2.7%
    21902 Cost Estimators 2,510 $20.43 $21.71 $45,160 1.6%
    21905 Management Analysts 1,720 $20.52 $23.66 $49,200 3.7%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 600 $21.67 $22.61 $47,020 3.0%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 1,910 $21.92 $22.79 $47,410 2.2%
    21917 Assessors 200 $21.40 $21.89 $45,530 1.8%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 830 $20.13 $21.24 $44,180 2.8%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 17,850 $17.32 $19.05 $39,620 1.6%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 170 $30.75 $29.13 $60,590 4.1%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 380 $29.62 $29.02 $60,360 3.5%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 1,690 $23.01 $24.04 $50,010 1.8%
    22123 Agricultural Engineers 40 $29.19 $27.57 $57,350 4.9%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 4,270 $27.20 $27.50 $57,200 1.7%
    22127 Computer Engineers 5,870 $30.43 $28.83 $59,970 1.5%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 2,030 $25.33 $25.82 $53,710 1.2%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 180 $25.28 $25.43 $52,890 3.7%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 4,180 $24.88 $26.01 $54,090 1.3%
    22199 All Other Engineers 6,850 $29.84 $28.07 $58,380 2.7%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 1,340 $21.81 $23.93 $49,780 3.9%
    22308 Landscape Architects 270 $19.97 $22.60 $47,000 4.8%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 330 $28.02 $25.48 $53,000 8.5%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,470 $17.96 $18.26 $37,980 1.1%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 4,550 $17.58 $18.63 $38,740 3.4%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 700 $17.74 $18.12 $37,690 1.3%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,450 $16.74 $17.71 $36,830 2.4%
    22514 Drafters 3,640 $16.19 $16.89 $35,130 1.0%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,080 $14.45 $15.15 $31,510 1.9%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 4,250 $19.37 $20.40 $42,430 1.4%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24102 Physicists and Astronomers (*) $35.64 $32.05 $66,670 7.8%
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 1,530 $23.21 $23.94 $49,790 2.8%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 220 $23.94 $24.86 $51,720 3.6%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 1,450 $19.62 $23.11 $48,070 5.6%
    24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 260 $21.62 $22.35 $46,480 2.0%
    24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 120 $18.30 $19.33 $40,210 6.7%
    24308 Biological Scientists 690 $23.71 $24.71 $51,390 2.8%
    24311 Medical Scientists 90 $29.50 $31.43 $65,370 14.2%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 1,510 $16.69 $18.80 $39,110 3.9%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 450 $12.21 $13.66 $28,400 3.7%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 930 $15.12 $16.02 $33,330 3.5%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 1,670 $14.95 $15.33 $31,880 1.3%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 14,070 $27.15 $28.40 $59,060 5.2%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 1,170 $23.93 $24.92 $51,840 2.6%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 8,060 $17.88 $20.19 $41,990 2.7%
    25105 Computer Programmers 8,950 $22.63 $24.14 $50,210 1.8%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 830 $13.90 $14.74 $30,660 2.1%
    25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 210 $20.43 $21.18 $44,060 5.8%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 3,790 $23.23 $24.03 $49,990 1.7%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 920 $20.39 $21.79 $45,320 2.4%
    25312 Statisticians 130 $23.59 $24.52 $51,000 3.1%
    25313 Actuaries 300 $28.31 $30.08 $62,560 7.1%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 700 $24.65 $26.35 $54,810 3.8%
    25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists 40 $29.51 $29.44 $61,240 6.6%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 580 $19.11 $21.46 $44,630 4.7%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 1,220 $23.97 $25.23 $52,480 2.7%
    27108 Psychologists 1,490 $19.09 $21.06 $43,810 1.8%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 2,840 $16.31 $17.13 $35,630 1.5%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 6,400 $19.69 $20.38 $42,390 2.9%
    27307 Residential Counselors 3,370 $9.35 $9.47 $19,700 1.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 4,730 $11.57 $11.50 $23,930 1.9%
    27311 Recreation Workers 2,440 $9.45 $10.82 $22,510 3.5%
    27502 Clergy 350 $15.37 $16.34 $33,980 4.7%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 170 $15.04 $15.25 $31,720 13.0%
    27599 All Other Religious Workers 80 $13.70 $12.97 $26,980 9.7%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 250 $23.60 $24.56 $51,080 4.5%
    28108 Lawyers 5,990 $37.13 $35.74 $74,350 3.4%
    28302 Law Clerks 480 $12.48 $13.85 $28,810 2.5%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 1,970 $15.77 $16.45 $34,220 3.5%
    28308 Title Searchers 90 $12.16 $12.41 $25,820 1.3%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 330 $12.70 $14.03 $29,180 5.1%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 750 $15.81 $17.35 $36,090 2.5%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 260 * * $52,460 2.4%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $62,110 10.3%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 90 * * $58,820 8.0%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $41,440 1.4%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 410 * * $48,760 2.5%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 550 * * $52,520 4.9%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 260 * * $48,540 2.3%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 210 * * $49,460 5.3%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $55,800 5.9%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $63,920 24.0%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 180 * * $54,790 6.5%
    31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $44,440 6.0%
    31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $81,700 19.8%
    31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $44,580 3.5%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 380 * * $45,220 2.6%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $48,980 4.7%
    31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $51,010 7.1%
    31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $39,890 2.6%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 990 * * $42,870 6.2%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 4,470 $9.58 $10.12 $21,050 4.0%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 1,220 * * $38,640 8.7%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 15,560 * * $43,320 4.4%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 18,970 * * $40,200 1.9%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 5,460 * * $42,220 4.1%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 2,430 $20.15 $21.07 $43,820 2.8%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 2,350 $13.44 $15.19 $31,600 6.0%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 2,950 $10.73 $12.27 $25,520 2.6%
    31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors 30 $22.38 $21.75 $45,240 2.8%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 3,990 * * $33,040 7.0%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 1,220 $21.12 $22.25 $46,290 1.9%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 650 $12.80 $13.54 $28,150 2.9%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 160 $16.63 $17.53 $36,470 3.7%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 130 $16.65 $18.26 $37,980 2.1%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 1,510 $17.91 $19.17 $39,880 2.6%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 790 $18.53 $20.60 $42,850 4.4%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 9,630 $10.08 $10.52 $21,880 1.9%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 6,810 # $50.28** $104,580** 6.8%
    32105 Dentists 1,330 $49.15 $41.33** $85,970** 9.3%
    32108 Optometrists 220 $32.48 $32.29 $67,160 8.0%
    32111 Podiatrists 30 $25.84 $32.34 $67,260 16.0%
    32113 Chiropractors 490 $28.77 $32.93** $68,490** 26.3%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 460 $23.55 $25.46 $52,950 4.0%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners (*) $25.82 $24.35 $50,650 11.1%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 790 $18.29 $18.75 $39,000 1.3%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 1,100 $20.57 $21.20 $44,090 3.2%
    32308 Physical Therapists 1,100 $23.83 $25.24 $52,500 2.1%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 930 $22.56 $23.87 $49,660 2.4%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 450 $12.36 $13.15 $27,360 3.7%
    32399 All Other Therapists 230 $18.40 $19.49 $40,530 2.6%
    32502 Registered Nurses 24,190 $22.13 $23.35 $48,570 1.8%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 7,650 $13.93 $14.13 $29,400 0.7%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 1,290 $11.47 $12.20 $25,370 4.8%
    32511 Physician Assistants 550 $27.14 $24.45 $50,860 4.7%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 980 $11.14 $11.42 $23,760 3.5%
    32517 Pharmacists 1,880 $32.78 $29.39 $61,130 1.4%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,360 $9.38 $9.57 $19,900 2.3%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 540 $17.09 $17.72 $36,860 0.8%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 220 $12.57 $12.64 $26,280 10.7%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,890 $19.58 $19.45 $40,460 1.2%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,570 $13.12 $13.37 $27,810 2.0%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 2,090 $24.93 $25.79 $53,640 3.1%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 1,000 $10.88 $11.34 $23,590 2.3%
    32913 Radiation Therapists 140 $18.57 $19.01 $39,530 1.9%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 90 $19.96 $20.12 $41,850 1.4%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 1,680 $15.84 $16.10 $33,490 1.0%
    32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 60 $14.48 $15.08 $31,360 3.3%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 180 $17.83 $17.59 $36,590 1.2%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 160 $15.60 $15.76 $32,770 3.6%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 650 $14.58 $14.72 $30,610 1.0%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians 430 $11.77 $11.84 $24,620 2.8%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 540 $10.26 $10.25 $21,310 2.1%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 5,420 $16.98 $18.20 $37,850 1.4%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 2,160 $15.70 $18.49 $38,450 6.4%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 580 $20.88 $21.93 $45,620 2.1%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 2,050 $16.84 $17.90 $37,220 2.7%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 520 $21.33 $21.35 $44,400 8.1%
    34014 Broadcast News Analysts 70 $21.80 $29.47 $61,300 24.2%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 310 $12.48 $20.80 $43,260 24.1%
    34023 Photographers 1,140 $9.36 $14.10 $29,320 12.1%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 180 $14.22 $15.90 $33,070 5.9%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 530 $14.53 $15.27 $31,750 4.8%
    34032 Film Editors 130 $20.94 $24.11 $50,150 11.5%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 2,930 $15.97 $18.05 $37,550 4.6%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 2,800 $17.41 $18.91 $39,340 4.0%
    34041 Interior Designers 670 $14.45 $18.07 $37,580 8.3%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 340 $9.42 $10.45 $21,730 3.5%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 190 * * $23,950 9.6%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental 250 * * $32,900 14.0%
    34053 Dancers and Choreographers 110 $9.99 $11.28 $23,450 13.6%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 850 * * $45,080 7.0%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 110 * * $40,860 18.7%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 220 $24.38 $27.33 $56,840 13.5%
    39014 Embalmers 50 $14.88 $15.09 $31,390 3.9%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 18,340 $18.82 $20.95 $43,570 3.2%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 21,600 $15.93 $18.91 $39,320 1.6%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 4,750 $17.72 $20.93 $43,540 8.1%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 390 $33.17 $32.51 $67,620 10.5%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 940 $19.51 $21.97 $45,700 5.8%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 830 $18.40 $20.11 $41,830 9.4%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 4,260 $28.70 $33.02 $68,670 6.3%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 4,570 $19.69 $21.42 $44,560 3.1%
    43021 Travel Agents 3,440 $12.00 $12.21 $25,390 3.0%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 1,540 $19.78 $22.74 $47,300 3.1%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 1,500 $18.02 $19.60 $40,780 2.2%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 1,810 $24.02 $28.07 $58,390 5.9%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 8,680 $23.46 $26.70 $55,530 2.7%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 20,280 $20.36 $24.13 $50,180 2.3%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 53,450 $7.95 $9.29 $19,320 1.2%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 3,430 $12.95 $13.81 $28,720 2.5%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 7,220 $7.05 $7.56 $15,720 1.5%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 16,390 $8.06 $8.68 $18,050 1.1%
    49023 Cashiers 37,990 $7.48 $7.71 $16,040 0.7%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 7,220 $10.49 $11.37 $23,640 7.7%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 780 $8.32 $10.16 $21,140 5.8%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 11,970 $11.04 $12.83 $26,690 3.6%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 19,770 $16.45 $17.47 $36,350 1.0%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 5,210 $8.53 $8.63 $17,940 1.4%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 960 $10.49 $10.69 $22,230 2.5%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 100 $11.14 $11.59 $24,100 1.9%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 110 $14.62 $14.72 $30,620 3.2%
    53117 Credit Checkers 940 $12.21 $12.68 $26,380 3.7%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 2,940 $12.28 $12.67 $26,360 1.4%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 10,520 $12.08 $12.63 $26,270 1.1%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 2,270 $12.70 $12.83 $26,680 1.3%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 3,720 $16.70 $18.35 $38,170 3.0%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage (*) $17.30 $18.20 $37,850 2.3%
    53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 160 $14.49 $14.65 $30,480 2.1%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 2,370 $12.93 $12.92 $26,870 1.7%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 1,680 $12.10 $12.53 $26,060 2.7%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 1,150 $16.67 $17.28 $35,940 1.8%
    53505 Investigators, Clerical 160 $9.83 $10.58 $22,020 2.5%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 3,830 $11.38 $12.07 $25,110 2.8%
    53702 Court Clerks 230 $12.63 $13.23 $27,520 3.3%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 140 $15.46 $16.16 $33,620 8.5%
    53708 License Clerks (*) $13.75 $13.51 $28,100 1.5%
    53802 Travel Clerks 250 $8.69 $8.61 $17,920 1.5%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 1,270 $7.90 $7.97 $16,580 1.3%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 1,020 $9.89 $9.91 $20,620 6.5%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 5,880 $8.99 $9.09 $18,900 2.2%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 390 $11.01 $11.72 $24,370 3.0%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 200 $8.77 $10.06 $20,920 9.5%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 3,700 $14.86 $14.49 $30,140 3.2%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 1,610 $11.36 $11.67 $24,270 2.2%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 27,160 $12.72 $12.96 $26,960 0.8%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 870 $11.99 $12.31 $25,600 2.0%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 18,330 $9.84 $9.90 $20,600 0.8%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 4,410 $11.88 $12.30 $25,580 0.8%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,400 $13.00 $13.44 $27,960 0.7%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 300 $10.72 $10.89 $22,650 2.1%
    55321 File Clerks 2,900 $9.05 $9.58 $19,920 4.1%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 6,680 $11.32 $11.95 $24,870 1.5%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 770 $11.94 $12.36 $25,710 1.0%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 850 $10.33 $11.45 $23,810 2.1%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 1,490 $9.91 $10.18 $21,180 1.5%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 1,880 $16.09 $16.14 $33,580 4.3%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 22,590 $12.11 $12.58 $26,170 0.7%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,940 $13.36 $13.78 $28,670 0.5%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 4,100 $11.88 $12.24 $25,460 0.8%
    55347 General Office Clerks 37,190 $10.89 $11.20 $23,290 1.0%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 1,250 $9.65 $9.97 $20,740 2.4%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 890 $10.87 $11.02 $22,930 3.9%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 1,300 $8.42 $8.79 $18,280 2.2%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 3,210 $12.95 $13.45 $27,970 1.1%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 720 $11.08 $11.60 $24,130 5.2%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 5,960 $9.95 $10.19 $21,190 0.8%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 270 $9.05 $9.82 $20,440 3.9%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 1,240 $9.32 $9.77 $20,320 1.0%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 1,660 $10.17 $10.14 $21,100 0.8%
    57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators (*) $8.77 $10.60 $22,040 8.3%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 2,280 $8.55 $9.33 $19,410 4.3%
    57305 Postal Mail Carriers 4,060 $16.89 $16.53 $34,380 1.8%
    57311 Messengers 970 $9.58 $9.67 $20,100 2.5%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 460 $16.13 $16.22 $33,730 1.6%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,240 $13.08 $14.31 $29,770 1.9%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 4,240 $15.51 $15.49 $32,210 1.8%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 370 $12.58 $13.51 $28,100 3.7%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 590 $10.29 $11.83 $24,600 2.3%
    58021 Marking Clerks 520 $8.75 $9.08 $18,880 1.3%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 10,350 $10.28 $10.91 $22,700 1.3%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 5,300 $10.26 $10.99 $22,870 2.5%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 13,780 $12.04 $12.58 $26,160 1.0%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 1,680 $12.17 $12.77 $26,570 1.6%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 13,270 $11.85 $12.05 $25,070 1.6%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 210 $8.56 $13.73 $28,560 10.6%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 1,000 $30.97 $28.52 $59,310 2.5%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 810 $10.77 $11.21 $23,320 1.7%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 10,640 $12.40 $13.68 $28,450 1.9%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63002 Fire Inspectors 120 $20.66 $20.45 $42,540 2.8%
    63008 Fire Fighters 2,490 $8.22 $8.82 $18,340 4.3%
    63011 Police Detectives 370 $22.69 $23.32 $48,510 2.1%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 3,090 $21.10 $20.76 $43,170 2.0%
    63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 2,940 $16.72 $16.35 $34,000 1.6%
    63023 Bailiffs 130 $17.39 $17.79 $37,010 5.9%
    63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 460 $20.89 $20.03 $41,670 2.3%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 580 $10.03 $11.30 $23,510 1.8%
    63041 Fish and Game Wardens 30 $20.92 $20.81 $43,280 2.4%
    63044 Crossing Guards 170 $10.12 $11.21 $23,330 8.0%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 9,050 $8.82 $9.36 $19,470 1.3%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 1,440 $8.30 $8.95 $18,610 2.6%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 4,620 $7.25 $7.33 $15,250 1.4%
    65005 Bartenders 8,090 $7.08 $7.27 $15,130 1.4%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 29,970 $5.81 $5.93 $12,340 0.9%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 470 $7.17 $7.24 $15,070 2.3%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 5,550 $6.08 $6.50 $13,530 1.3%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 4,560 $7.22 $7.46 $15,510 2.2%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 2,290 $10.38 $10.70 $22,250 1.8%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,970 $15.76 $14.66 $30,490 2.1%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 11,320 $8.93 $8.92 $18,560 1.1%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 4,790 $9.72 $9.96 $20,720 1.7%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 2,510 $6.55 $6.73 $13,990 2.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 1,860 $9.45 $9.07 $18,870 2.8%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 13,320 $7.78 $8.01 $16,650 0.9%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 17,840 $6.84 $7.02 $14,610 1.1%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 4,870 $7.14 $7.73 $16,080 2.1%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 2,850 $13.40 $13.62 $28,320 2.8%
    66005 Medical Assistants 3,600 $10.86 $10.91 $22,690 3.2%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 14,430 $9.96 $9.95 $20,710 1.0%
    66011 Home Health Aides 6,120 $8.50 $8.43 $17,540 1.3%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides 320 $9.21 $8.94 $18,590 3.1%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 810 $12.96 $12.65 $26,320 1.3%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 290 $14.35 $14.32 $29,790 1.3%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 220 $7.58 $7.82 $16,270 3.3%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 1,980 $10.29 $10.43 $21,700 1.9%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 8,270 $8.08 $8.33 $17,320 1.5%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 25,780 $8.45 $9.13 $18,990 1.4%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 250 $13.56 $13.39 $27,850 4.9%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 3,210 $9.72 $10.28 $21,390 2.4%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68002 Barbers 200 $12.29 $11.85 $24,650 7.2%
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 5,350 $10.16 $10.71 $22,280 2.9%
    68008 Manicurists 350 $8.88 $8.94 $18,590 3.8%
    68011 Shampooers 100 $7.80 $7.88 $16,400 3.5%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 8,760 $6.94 $7.21 $15,010 1.5%
    68017 Guides 240 $9.92 $9.58 $19,930 4.6%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 800 $5.90 $5.94 $12,360 3.4%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 250 $6.07 $6.70 $13,930 1.6%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 150 $7.35 $7.66 $15,930 2.1%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 4,440 $8.17 $8.59 $17,870 2.4%
    68038 Child Care Workers 4,110 $7.35 $7.76 $16,140 1.6%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 130 $9.39 $10.43 $21,700 18.2%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 6,400 $8.03 $9.57 $19,900 1.9%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 540 $13.77 $15.02 $31,230 9.7%
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators (*) $12.88 $12.68 $26,370 2.3%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 160 $17.93 $17.25 $35,870 2.8%
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 210 $8.79 $10.19 $21,190 1.9%
    79015 (*) $6.30 $6.66 $13,840 12.0%
    79016 Animal Trainers 100 $10.45 $10.78 $22,430 14.5%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 710 $7.68 $8.65 $18,000 1.9%
    79033 Pruners 130 $13.17 $13.53 $28,140 10.8%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 160 $12.96 $13.82 $28,740 4.7%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 7,970 $9.05 $10.07 $20,940 1.7%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 570 $7.83 $8.50 $17,680 8.5%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 140 $9.29 $9.00 $18,720 3.5%
    79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 60 $7.18 $7.54 $15,680 2.6%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 720 $11.68 $13.58 $28,240 2.2%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,820 $20.29 $21.17 $44,040 1.2%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 3,880 $22.92 $23.89 $49,680 1.5%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 8,380 $19.26 $20.28 $42,190 1.1%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,400 $18.80 $20.82 $43,300 6.4%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,760 $17.17 $17.93 $37,290 1.9%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 3,880 $17.17 $18.30 $38,070 1.4%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 2,100 $14.25 $14.90 $30,990 1.9%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 4,770 $12.78 $13.27 $27,600 1.5%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 760 $12.13 $13.91 $28,940 1.5%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 3,360 $17.26 $17.51 $36,420 0.8%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment (*) $13.96 $14.05 $29,230 2.6%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 260 $18.68 $18.88 $39,270 1.8%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 470 $18.89 $18.99 $39,490 2.4%
    85123 Millwrights 970 $20.68 $19.18 $39,890 1.8%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 790 $16.56 $16.53 $34,390 1.2%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 11,740 $13.41 $13.57 $28,230 2.0%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 6,880 $15.88 $15.46 $32,170 1.7%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 1,830 $16.37 $16.77 $34,880 3.2%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 100 $13.60 $13.93 $28,980 6.1%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,700 $16.67 $16.32 $33,950 1.1%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 1,030 $17.03 $17.20 $35,780 1.3%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 200 $12.92 $13.38 $27,830 5.2%
    85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists (*) $18.53 $18.30 $38,070 2.6%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 620 $11.60 $11.81 $24,570 3.5%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 260 $21.58 $21.22 $44,140 2.1%
    85514 Radio Mechanics (*) $14.31 $14.34 $29,830 1.4%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 600 $22.28 $20.87 $43,410 4.6%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 2,530 $16.80 $16.55 $34,430 4.9%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 2,440 $18.12 $20.06 $41,730 7.0%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 420 $12.44 $13.03 $27,090 3.4%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 240 $13.21 $13.94 $29,000 4.7%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 660 $16.66 $17.34 $36,060 1.9%
    85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 70 $30.70 $28.41 $59,090 4.1%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 1,380 $22.45 $22.35 $46,490 3.3%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 140 $20.44 $19.94 $41,480 4.3%
    85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 60 $12.68 $14.22 $29,580 1.2%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 620 $15.82 $16.57 $34,470 4.5%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 2,230 $17.72 $18.16 $37,760 4.0%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 380 $18.11 $18.47 $38,420 1.8%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers (*) $17.00 $16.46 $34,240 6.5%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 70 $23.46 $23.77 $49,430 7.7%
    85917 Watchmakers 40 $9.67 $11.05 $22,980 5.7%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers (*) $9.92 $11.03 $22,940 3.3%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 1,300 $14.13 $14.62 $30,400 3.4%
    85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 140 $18.18 $18.83 $39,170 3.2%
    85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 250 $30.87 $27.57 $57,350 4.4%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 100 $11.90 $12.91 $26,850 3.9%
    85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 30 $12.74 $13.82 $28,750 4.6%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 480 $12.33 $12.34 $25,670 1.4%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers 110 $9.15 $9.02 $18,760 1.8%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 1,090 $8.15 $8.81 $18,320 3.9%
    85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 50 $9.27 $9.43 $19,610 3.7%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 5,030 $14.81 $15.24 $31,710 2.7%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 8,250 $17.57 $17.71 $36,840 2.0%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 120 $20.78 $19.55 $40,670 2.8%
    87108 Drywall Installers 520 $15.95 $16.41 $34,120 7.8%
    87111 Tapers 320 $21.34 $20.36 $42,360 2.1%
    87114 Lathers 170 $18.65 $18.72 $38,930 2.6%
    87202 Electricians 6,270 $22.39 $22.48 $46,750 3.0%
    87302 Brickmasons 1,740 $20.90 $19.67 $40,920 2.2%
    87305 Stonemasons (*) $24.71 $24.66 $51,300 7.2%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters 180 $20.15 $19.76 $41,100 3.9%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 1,380 $18.96 $17.19 $35,760 2.9%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 420 $18.59 $21.10 $43,880 4.2%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 3,160 $13.35 $14.48 $30,130 3.1%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,300 $23.20 $23.45 $48,780 2.6%
    87508 Pipelayers 400 $18.79 $19.00 $39,520 3.3%
    87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 110 $12.45 $14.07 $29,270 12.9%
    87602 Carpet Installers 520 $21.47 $20.81 $43,290 2.0%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 100 $21.90 $22.86 $47,540 5.2%
    87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators (*) $15.19 $15.33 $31,890 7.4%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 670 $18.05 $17.68 $36,780 3.1%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,770 $16.98 $16.82 $34,980 2.4%
    87802 Insulation Workers 590 $16.41 $19.86 $41,300 10.6%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 310 $18.72 $18.97 $39,450 2.0%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers (*) $13.84 $16.07 $33,430 7.8%
    87808 Roofers 1,150 $17.72 $17.72 $36,850 2.8%
    87811 Glaziers 380 $21.08 $19.91 $41,410 2.3%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 1,360 $24.94 $25.33 $52,680 8.8%
    87817 Fence Erectors 130 $11.47 $11.92 $24,800 2.9%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,000 $14.63 $15.61 $32,480 5.0%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 200 $20.48 $20.04 $41,680 3.8%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 420 $16.26 $16.19 $33,680 0.9%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 2,150 $18.84 $18.55 $38,590 1.1%
    89108 Machinists 6,850 $15.28 $15.34 $31,900 1.5%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 490 $13.83 $14.54 $30,240 1.0%
    89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal (*) $17.37 $17.06 $35,480 2.6%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 130 $13.73 $14.09 $29,320 5.2%
    89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products (*) $9.95 $11.46 $23,840 3.6%
    89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 120 $10.50 $11.28 $23,450 1.3%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 2,060 $15.40 $16.25 $33,800 2.2%
    89135 Boilermakers (*) $21.30 $19.02 $39,560 14.9%
    89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 290 $15.69 $15.82 $32,900 1.2%
    89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 80 $14.83 $15.04 $31,280 4.8%
    89308 Wood Machinists 470 $10.79 $11.38 $23,670 2.1%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 1,520 $13.95 $13.88 $28,880 1.5%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 190 $11.51 $11.66 $24,260 3.1%
    89399 All Other Precision Woodworkers 60 $8.36 $10.67 $22,200 14.1%
    89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 30 $11.37 $11.40 $23,710 1.4%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 820 $9.62 $10.13 $21,070 1.7%
    89508 Upholsterers 150 $9.77 $10.73 $22,320 4.3%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 100 $10.08 $10.98 $22,830 6.6%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 110 $9.92 $9.65 $20,070 9.6%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 270 $9.24 $9.09 $18,900 4.2%
    89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 80 $10.57 $12.19 $25,350 2.1%
    89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 190 $12.80 $13.37 $27,810 4.2%
    89706 Paste-Up Workers (*) $10.05 $10.38 $21,580 1.9%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 750 $18.41 $17.97 $37,380 2.6%
    89712 Photoengravers 30 $15.09 $15.20 $31,610 7.4%
    89713 Camera Operators 80 $17.96 $18.38 $38,230 3.7%
    89715 Scanner Operators 180 $19.99 $21.36 $44,430 2.6%
    89717 Strippers 440 $19.21 $18.98 $39,480 1.6%
    89718 Platemakers 380 $17.02 $16.39 $34,090 2.3%
    89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 230 $17.65 $18.43 $38,330 4.0%
    89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 180 $9.68 $9.63 $20,030 1.2%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing (*) $11.57 $12.54 $26,090 9.9%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 510 $9.80 $9.97 $20,740 1.6%
    89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 110 $7.89 $8.15 $16,950 3.7%
    89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 70 $14.26 $13.82 $28,750 4.4%
    89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 40 $9.40 $11.06 $23,000 7.4%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 180 $11.35 $13.39 $27,860 18.6%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 220 $11.43 $11.31 $23,520 3.7%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 680 $12.61 $13.57 $28,230 8.6%
    89923 Medical Appliance Makers 60 $15.34 $16.30 $33,910 11.9%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 1,280 $12.76 $13.91 $28,940 2.7%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 370 $14.58 $14.08 $29,280 2.2%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,020 $15.37 $15.20 $31,620 1.5%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 590 $12.95 $13.64 $28,370 1.7%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 530 $14.46 $14.38 $29,920 3.3%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 630 $15.01 $14.79 $30,770 2.5%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,260 $10.48 $11.62 $24,170 3.0%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 970 $14.01 $13.64 $28,380 1.6%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,690 $13.85 $13.71 $28,530 1.4%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 280 $13.88 $13.71 $28,520 2.2%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 380 $13.05 $13.22 $27,500 2.3%
    91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 90 $13.86 $13.73 $28,550 1.7%
    91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 $17.94 $17.13 $35,640 3.1%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,240 $10.64 $11.04 $22,950 1.8%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,510 $15.35 $15.74 $32,740 1.9%
    91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 830 $15.04 $14.69 $30,560 3.2%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,070 $14.35 $14.34 $29,830 4.0%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 510 $15.40 $15.16 $31,540 2.0%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 1,130 $13.47 $13.32 $27,700 2.2%
    91708 Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $13.58 $13.41 $27,900 3.4%
    91711 Soldering and Brazing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $11.81 $12.61 $26,230 6.8%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 300 $14.47 $15.31 $31,850 7.2%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 640 $12.28 $13.04 $27,120 3.0%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 2,540 $8.80 $9.07 $18,860 3.3%
    91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 430 $13.01 $13.18 $27,420 4.9%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 480 $12.80 $12.62 $26,250 2.1%
    91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 50 $11.81 $11.41 $23,730 3.7%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 450 $14.68 $14.19 $29,520 3.1%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 630 $11.89 $11.77 $24,480 3.1%
    91923 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $12.48 $12.74 $26,490 2.8%
    91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70 $15.12 $15.23 $31,680 1.8%
    91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 290 $11.28 $11.59 $24,110 2.0%
    91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 270 $13.29 $13.00 $27,040 2.7%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 630 $12.01 $12.80 $26,620 2.6%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 800 $11.13 $11.60 $24,120 2.9%
    92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $11.91 $11.87 $24,680 1.3%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 210 $12.50 $12.83 $26,700 1.6%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 70 $10.55 $11.03 $22,940 3.4%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 620 $11.19 $11.83 $24,610 4.3%
    92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $16.77 $16.56 $34,450 4.9%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,940 $17.45 $17.62 $36,650 2.6%
    92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $14.54 $14.57 $30,300 2.8%
    92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 140 $13.32 $13.48 $28,040 6.2%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 720 $11.42 $11.53 $23,990 2.6%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 880 $14.47 $14.65 $30,480 2.3%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 310 $12.85 $15.05 $31,310 2.9%
    92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 250 $17.95 $19.36 $40,260 6.2%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 2,420 $15.71 $16.46 $34,230 3.5%
    92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $12.28 $12.15 $25,270 2.5%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 1,490 $8.79 $10.68 $22,220 4.3%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 690 $11.99 $13.77 $28,650 4.1%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 110 $9.45 $10.32 $21,460 1.0%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 750 $8.80 $8.97 $18,650 2.6%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 730 $9.34 $9.73 $20,240 4.2%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 1,620 $8.74 $9.10 $18,930 2.5%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 430 $9.08 $8.82 $18,340 1.5%
    92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors 1,070 $12.55 $13.43 $27,940 4.3%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 100 $7.43 $8.48 $17,640 7.6%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,980 $8.81 $9.71 $20,200 3.8%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 780 $12.72 $13.27 $27,610 3.4%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 70 $14.26 $13.08 $27,220 4.5%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 290 $9.38 $10.08 $20,960 7.4%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 410 $17.86 $17.58 $36,560 2.8%
    92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 70 $15.70 $15.68 $32,620 1.7%
    92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 70 $17.52 $17.02 $35,390 3.9%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 290 $14.83 $15.65 $32,550 3.0%
    92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders 50 $12.30 $12.37 $25,730 1.5%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $12.70 $12.18 $25,340 1.7%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,270 $11.85 $12.50 $26,010 6.3%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 490 $16.72 $17.20 $35,770 7.1%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 600 $12.74 $12.95 $26,930 2.3%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 750 $12.54 $12.83 $26,680 1.5%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 410 $11.72 $11.94 $24,830 4.1%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 210 $10.11 $10.92 $22,720 1.0%
    92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $12.58 $12.89 $26,810 1.2%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 1,990 $13.66 $13.93 $28,980 1.8%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 370 $14.48 $14.12 $29,360 4.8%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 1,200 $11.53 $12.20 $25,380 2.8%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 4,460 $9.96 $10.63 $22,120 2.0%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,350 $12.68 $13.23 $27,510 2.4%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 7,900 $12.77 $13.08 $27,200 2.7%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 830 $15.94 $15.88 $33,030 2.1%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 90 $17.40 $17.61 $36,630 2.8%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 2,570 $12.13 $12.51 $26,030 2.6%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 4,930 $11.16 $11.15 $23,190 2.6%
    93902 Machine Assemblers 1,380 $14.36 $13.67 $28,440 2.2%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 3,240 $11.62 $11.41 $23,740 2.8%
    93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing 40 $13.60 $14.10 $29,340 2.0%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 4,740 $14.81 $14.91 $31,010 1.7%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers 730 $9.67 $9.86 $20,510 1.5%
    93921 Pressers, Hand (*) $6.60 $7.12 $14,810 10.1%
    93923 Sewers, Hand 40 $9.96 $9.77 $20,320 1.2%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 360 $9.73 $10.30 $21,430 2.1%
    93935 Cannery Workers (*) $7.49 $7.53 $15,660 2.5%
    93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 370 $8.36 $8.31 $17,280 2.6%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 570 $11.10 $12.32 $25,620 1.9%
    93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand 120 $8.15 $9.19 $19,120 6.3%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,080 $11.62 $12.03 $25,010 1.6%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 15,550 $10.91 $12.00 $24,960 4.5%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 8,840 $8.54 $9.50 $19,750 2.8%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 510 $17.32 $17.06 $35,480 1.5%
    95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 140 $18.92 $18.43 $38,340 1.8%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 250 $25.02 $25.34 $52,700 2.8%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 100 $22.81 $22.94 $47,710 5.2%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 520 $19.40 $19.70 $40,970 1.3%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 2,170 $13.01 $13.56 $28,210 6.6%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 15,000 $15.99 $16.33 $33,960 1.7%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 14,530 $10.48 $10.89 $22,650 2.4%
    97108 Bus Drivers 2,000 $12.41 $13.58 $28,250 5.8%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 6,560 $10.52 $10.49 $21,820 2.4%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 1,060 $7.83 $8.04 $16,720 2.5%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 2,400 $11.35 $12.52 $26,040 6.1%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 340 $9.14 $9.69 $20,150 1.1%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 1,340 $7.42 $7.92 $16,460 2.1%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 1,020 $7.48 $7.50 $15,610 2.4%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 890 $8.66 $11.25 $23,410 4.9%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 1,330 $20.68 $20.28 $42,190 2.5%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 710 $21.73 $20.97 $43,610 2.1%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 320 $15.49 $16.51 $34,340 1.6%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,800 $12.64 $12.99 $27,020 1.4%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 230 $12.63 $12.72 $26,450 1.8%
    97956 Operating Engineers 1,620 $18.50 $18.14 $37,730 1.7%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,600 $15.30 $15.47 $32,180 4.7%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 750 $9.73 $11.46 $23,830 3.1%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 4,100 $8.49 $9.52 $19,790 3.4%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 850 $19.58 $17.35 $36,080 5.0%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 1,050 $11.50 $12.79 $26,600 6.0%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 290 $16.97 $15.82 $32,900 3.3%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 190 $11.56 $12.20 $25,380 4.7%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 390 $10.90 $11.39 $23,680 3.7%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 120 $12.73 $13.08 $27,210 3.1%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,590 $13.21 $14.13 $29,400 3.8%
    98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers (*) $10.41 $10.56 $21,970 5.3%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 2,890 $10.08 $10.66 $22,160 1.6%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,020 $12.78 $12.88 $26,780 2.4%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 13,000 $9.80 $10.84 $22,550 2.1%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 10,590 $7.69 $8.14 $16,930 1.1%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 3,850 $7.93 $8.75 $18,200 1.5%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 21,900 $10.12 $10.92 $22,710 2.2%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001