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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Modesto, California MSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Modesto is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in Modesto:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 600 $21.89 $24.10 $50,120 2.5%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 160 $21.90 $23.69 $49,280 2.2%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 170 $15.51 $17.65 $36,710 2.9%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 300 $20.27 $24.01 $49,930 3.2%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 250 $20.95 $22.88 $47,590 2.4%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 220 $33.48 $31.41 $65,340 4.2%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 410 $25.28 $23.04 $47,920 9.8%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 180 $24.39 $24.64 $51,260 11.0%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 210 $12.59 $17.12 $35,620 27.3%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 280 $26.11 $26.03 $54,140 1.9%
    15017 Construction Managers 190 $20.77 $24.14 $50,210 4.0%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 100 $27.18 $26.05 $54,190 3.6%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 360 $12.82 $12.94 $26,920 4.1%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 60 $32.75 $27.74 $57,690 15.3%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 3,110 $27.17 $28.85 $60,000 1.7%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 660 $23.16 $23.73 $49,360 2.0%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 200 $18.79 $20.60 $42,840 6.6%
    21111 Tax Preparers 60 $11.44 $11.45 $23,810 4.9%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 610 $18.51 $19.73 $41,030 2.6%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 200 $12.96 $14.93 $31,060 1.2%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 100 $12.88 $14.08 $29,290 4.0%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 50 $16.53 $16.49 $34,310 7.4%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 150 $15.69 $17.27 $35,920 1.9%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 60 $10.95 $14.63 $30,420 6.4%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 150 $18.75 $19.71 $40,990 2.6%
    21902 Cost Estimators 210 $20.02 $22.13 $46,020 3.1%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 100 $22.49 $23.65 $49,190 3.4%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 160 $15.13 $16.05 $33,380 2.1%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 470 $14.85 $16.27 $33,830 3.6%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 100 $32.69 $29.89 $62,180 5.0%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 60 $28.39 $26.15 $54,390 3.7%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 80 $23.26 $24.33 $50,600 3.1%
    22199 All Other Engineers 110 $23.61 $24.41 $50,760 2.2%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 70 $21.54 $23.08 $48,010 4.1%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 110 $19.31 $21.96 $45,680 6.6%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 130 $22.10 $22.84 $47,500 2.6%
    22514 Drafters 230 $13.62 $15.21 $31,640 4.0%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 120 $21.89 $21.71 $45,150 4.4%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 120 $14.10 $17.20 $35,780 13.1%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 30 $23.57 $25.06 $52,130 4.3%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 220 $17.13 $20.10 $41,820 4.3%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 40 $11.30 $11.25 $23,390 1.4%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists (*) $16.93 $17.15 $35,680 3.6%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 130 $21.71 $22.90 $47,630 3.7%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 30 $25.87 $24.69 $51,360 4.1%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 90 $17.55 $18.68 $38,860 2.3%
    25105 Computer Programmers 60 $20.36 $20.84 $43,350 5.9%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 50 $20.70 $21.70 $45,140 4.6%
    27108 Psychologists 40 $30.51 $28.59 $59,470 4.9%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 120 $14.46 $18.74 $38,970 17.4%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 230 $14.11 $15.29 $31,810 3.8%
    27307 Residential Counselors 260 $7.84 $8.66 $18,010 3.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 70 $10.08 $11.73 $24,410 15.6%
    27311 Recreation Workers 340 $6.43 $8.08 $16,810 8.5%
    27502 Clergy 40 $15.25 $14.62 $30,410 11.6%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 200 # $48.11** $100,070** 29.9%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 90 $17.43 $17.82 $37,070 2.2%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 330 $8.76 $8.84 $18,390 4.5%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 300 * * $38,520 7.4%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 2,830 * * $44,740 2.1%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 870 * * $48,130 2.6%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 170 $9.49 $10.60 $22,050 4.9%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 280 $10.01 $10.15 $21,110 3.1%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 290 $14.18 $14.19 $29,520 9.6%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors (*) * * $46,380 4.0%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 40 $19.45 $20.14 $41,890 7.0%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 90 $22.35 $22.94 $47,720 6.4%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators (*) $29.33 $27.31 $56,810 4.9%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,360 $8.47 $8.50 $17,680 4.3%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 410 # $55.89** $116,260** 17.7%
    32105 Dentists 140 $58.84 $50.26** $104,540** 13.3%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 70 $25.94 $28.54 $59,370 14.5%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 130 $32.93 $29.51 $61,390 5.4%
    32308 Physical Therapists 180 $32.02 $29.06 $60,440 5.0%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 170 $21.16 $22.69 $47,200 3.7%
    32317 Recreational Therapists (*) $16.21 $15.08 $31,370 15.9%
    32502 Registered Nurses 2,140 $20.84 $22.14 $46,060 5.2%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 650 $15.03 $15.14 $31,490 0.9%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 330 $10.89 $11.47 $23,850 2.0%
    32511 Physician Assistants (*) $34.54 $30.16 $62,740 8.3%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 90 $10.34 $10.43 $21,690 4.5%
    32517 Pharmacists 230 $35.73 $32.69 $68,000 3.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 340 $10.76 $11.16 $23,200 3.2%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 40 $20.09 $19.75 $41,090 3.8%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 160 $21.86 $21.31 $44,330 4.7%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 240 $13.62 $15.26 $31,740 7.9%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 170 $18.03 $20.37 $42,360 15.7%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 140 $11.13 $11.97 $24,900 6.6%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 330 $15.65 $17.38 $36,160 3.1%
    32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 30 $16.88 $17.58 $36,570 2.9%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 70 $21.20 $21.32 $44,340 2.7%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 60 $14.16 $14.95 $31,100 9.0%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 50 $10.77 $11.59 $24,110 6.4%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 40 $17.56 $18.09 $37,620 2.3%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 80 $11.07 $13.36 $27,790 1.2%
    34023 Photographers 70 $7.75 $8.74 $18,190 7.3%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 60 $10.70 $11.71 $24,360 2.5%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 130 $8.72 $12.40 $25,790 5.2%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 40 $7.94 $8.39 $17,450 1.6%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 30 * * $18,170 15.7%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental (*) * * $21,060 2.2%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 280 $13.31 $15.67 $32,590 3.8%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,860 $13.83 $16.34 $33,990 1.8%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 150 $19.85 $24.15 $50,240 10.6%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 150 $18.40 $23.80 $49,500 15.1%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 110 $13.52 $15.61 $32,470 1.7%
    43021 Travel Agents 140 $13.84 $13.14 $27,320 3.5%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 60 $16.57 $18.32 $38,110 6.9%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 60 $19.37 $24.92 $51,840 10.6%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 480 $15.33 $16.95 $35,260 5.3%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 900 $16.95 $18.93 $39,370 2.6%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 5,080 $7.56 $9.22 $19,190 1.8%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 450 $9.98 $11.45 $23,810 3.4%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 610 $6.23 $7.11 $14,790 3.1%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,630 $7.53 $8.88 $18,470 1.8%
    49023 Cashiers 3,800 $6.71 $8.02 $16,670 2.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 230 $7.45 $9.52 $19,800 5.2%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 60 $8.14 $9.93 $20,650 4.2%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 790 $19.39 $20.40 $42,430 4.0%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,620 $13.71 $14.72 $30,610 1.9%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 680 $8.43 $8.66 $18,020 1.2%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 100 $11.39 $11.70 $24,340 3.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 190 $12.16 $12.47 $25,930 2.6%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 200 $8.07 $9.01 $18,740 3.4%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 140 $19.46 $20.20 $42,010 2.5%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 120 $11.11 $11.45 $23,810 1.6%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 170 $10.84 $11.01 $22,910 6.9%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 240 $10.33 $10.58 $22,010 3.0%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 90 $6.38 $6.76 $14,060 2.8%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 140 $10.76 $10.90 $22,680 1.9%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 330 $7.73 $8.00 $16,640 3.5%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 70 $7.46 $8.02 $16,690 1.5%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 30 $7.35 $7.41 $15,420 3.9%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 220 $15.83 $19.38 $40,310 19.7%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 290 $11.08 $10.78 $22,420 5.8%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 2,000 $10.82 $11.28 $23,470 2.5%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 70 $15.04 $15.44 $32,120 2.5%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,810 $8.25 $8.72 $18,150 1.9%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 310 $11.09 $11.52 $23,970 1.5%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 100 $11.13 $11.80 $24,550 2.5%
    55321 File Clerks 640 $7.19 $7.39 $15,370 2.0%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 290 $10.56 $11.51 $23,940 2.3%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 60 $10.98 $11.49 $23,890 2.4%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 50 $10.43 $10.74 $22,330 5.2%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 210 $17.20 $17.64 $36,690 2.5%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,170 $11.11 $11.44 $23,790 1.8%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 190 $11.61 $11.94 $24,850 1.7%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 400 $10.78 $11.11 $23,110 2.2%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,960 $8.89 $9.56 $19,890 1.5%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 110 $10.71 $10.44 $21,710 1.4%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 50 $8.64 $8.76 $18,230 2.7%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 80 $11.77 $12.47 $25,930 1.8%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 380 $8.18 $8.85 $18,410 3.2%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 290 $8.85 $9.19 $19,120 1.5%
    57311 Messengers 40 $7.74 $8.70 $18,100 1.6%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 100 $15.66 $15.58 $32,420 3.7%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 170 $14.93 $14.58 $30,320 6.2%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 160 $13.43 $14.73 $30,630 2.6%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 70 $17.77 $18.62 $38,730 3.5%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 40 $9.16 $9.45 $19,650 1.2%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 880 $8.93 $9.68 $20,140 2.7%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 160 $8.36 $9.40 $19,550 3.5%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,000 $10.13 $10.73 $22,320 3.7%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 240 $10.49 $10.77 $22,410 3.0%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 230 $11.77 $12.70 $26,410 3.0%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors (*) $35.61 $32.72 $68,050 6.8%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 180 $31.43 $29.19 $60,720 6.6%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 70 $7.99 $8.57 $17,820 5.2%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 890 $9.96 $11.61 $24,150 6.6%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters 400 $24.45 $25.08 $52,170 8.4%
    63011 Police Detectives 100 $26.68 $26.53 $55,190 10.5%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 940 $22.08 $21.99 $45,740 2.2%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 50 $7.98 $8.27 $17,200 2.0%
    63044 Crossing Guards (*) $7.65 $7.67 $15,940 3.6%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 670 $6.52 $7.87 $16,360 5.9%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 230 $13.87 $12.73 $26,490 12.3%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 190 $6.12 $6.56 $13,650 4.0%
    65005 Bartenders (*) $5.88 $6.15 $12,790 4.5%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,810 $6.01 $6.14 $12,770 2.0%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 360 $6.09 $6.50 $13,530 3.9%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 460 $6.48 $7.19 $14,960 6.5%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 260 $6.97 $8.14 $16,920 3.3%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 280 $10.87 $11.96 $24,870 3.2%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 520 $7.37 $7.81 $16,250 2.9%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 270 $8.23 $8.65 $18,000 2.2%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 430 $5.99 $6.37 $13,240 2.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order (*) $6.42 $6.91 $14,360 3.1%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,540 $6.15 $6.93 $14,410 3.3%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 2,470 $5.96 $6.49 $13,510 1.9%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 310 $8.16 $8.66 $18,020 1.2%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 420 $11.73 $11.95 $24,860 3.6%
    66005 Medical Assistants 410 $10.58 $10.55 $21,950 3.9%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,450 $7.95 $8.36 $17,400 2.7%
    66011 Home Health Aides 230 $7.14 $8.23 $17,120 12.4%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 170 $10.65 $13.59 $28,270 6.1%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides (*) $11.32 $13.04 $27,120 3.0%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 80 $10.06 $10.50 $21,840 3.5%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 560 $6.19 $6.88 $14,310 1.8%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,720 $7.10 $8.30 $17,270 2.0%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 100 $14.37 $13.80 $28,700 3.6%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 200 $11.75 $11.18 $23,260 3.7%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 340 $6.60 $7.20 $14,970 5.4%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 170 $6.57 $7.64 $15,900 4.5%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 130 $6.89 $7.21 $14,990 3.3%
    68038 Child Care Workers 390 $6.72 $7.30 $15,170 3.1%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 160 $5.92 $7.10 $14,770 7.1%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 240 $8.79 $11.20 $23,290 4.7%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 830 $5.91 $6.60 $13,720 3.4%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 60 $6.15 $7.04 $14,630 6.1%
    79021 Farm Equipment Operators 600 $8.60 $9.30 $19,350 3.8%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,530 $8.61 $9.87 $20,520 6.1%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 60 $6.55 $7.10 $14,770 4.5%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 7,750 $5.96 $6.19 $12,870 1.7%
    79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 60 $8.40 $9.24 $19,210 7.1%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 250 $10.57 $12.35 $25,680 13.8%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 450 $18.89 $20.89 $43,450 2.1%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 460 $17.09 $20.12 $41,850 3.6%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 820 $17.00 $17.19 $35,750 6.8%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 120 $20.03 $18.84 $39,190 1.7%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 140 $17.05 $18.81 $39,130 3.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 280 $16.90 $17.31 $36,000 2.7%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 100 $11.60 $12.00 $24,960 1.4%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 740 $10.04 $10.95 $22,770 9.5%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 210 $6.75 $10.60 $22,050 3.1%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 680 $18.64 $18.43 $38,340 1.4%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 160 $22.69 $23.45 $48,780 5.3%
    85123 Millwrights 50 $18.89 $19.59 $40,750 12.6%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 80 $16.32 $15.21 $31,640 3.4%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 1,000 $12.10 $12.53 $26,060 2.0%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 950 $12.38 $13.96 $29,030 4.7%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 230 $15.27 $14.91 $31,010 4.9%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 290 $15.14 $15.82 $32,900 2.8%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 70 $21.00 $20.43 $42,500 4.8%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 190 $11.90 $12.86 $26,760 3.5%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 220 $20.03 $18.52 $38,530 3.1%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 30 $7.96 $8.77 $18,250 5.3%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 200 $15.19 $16.70 $34,730 4.3%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 30 $19.59 $23.57 $49,030 7.4%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 60 $12.10 $13.32 $27,700 7.8%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 30 $8.85 $10.29 $21,400 2.0%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 190 $8.51 $9.19 $19,110 5.3%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 260 $13.14 $14.31 $29,760 2.0%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 1,110 $13.69 $15.16 $31,530 4.9%
    87108 Drywall Installers 510 $21.93 $21.63 $44,990 6.9%
    87111 Tapers 310 $16.05 $18.65 $38,800 10.5%
    87114 Lathers 310 $16.85 $18.85 $39,200 12.7%
    87202 Electricians 700 $18.65 $19.74 $41,050 5.1%
    87302 Brickmasons 60 $14.31 $13.99 $29,100 1.8%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 150 $12.25 $12.40 $25,790 3.2%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 120 $17.03 $19.17 $39,860 8.6%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 350 $13.76 $14.64 $30,450 6.6%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 350 $14.55 $15.76 $32,790 7.2%
    87508 Pipelayers 70 $15.39 $15.25 $31,720 8.3%
    87602 Carpet Installers (*) $14.92 $15.77 $32,800 5.1%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 110 $11.74 $12.70 $26,420 7.4%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 50 $15.11 $14.96 $31,120 3.6%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 110 $10.88 $11.02 $22,920 3.5%
    87808 Roofers 170 $10.61 $11.47 $23,860 5.0%
    87811 Glaziers 50 $10.09 $12.63 $26,270 7.9%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 110 $10.89 $12.30 $25,580 1.2%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 30 $15.57 $15.45 $32,140 3.8%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 260 $20.81 $20.97 $43,610 3.1%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 60 $13.38 $14.33 $29,800 2.2%
    89108 Machinists 510 $15.65 $15.39 $32,010 4.5%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 30 $11.26 $11.30 $23,490 3.1%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 250 $12.58 $16.54 $34,410 11.6%
    89308 Wood Machinists (*) $9.30 $10.24 $21,300 1.4%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 110 $9.49 $10.10 $21,000 8.9%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 30 $10.06 $10.12 $21,060 1.9%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning (*) $8.26 $8.52 $17,720 2.6%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics (*) $7.44 $7.48 $15,560 2.2%
    89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters (*) $12.70 $12.74 $26,490 1.8%
    89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 100 $8.84 $9.01 $18,740 2.8%
    89808 Food Batchmakers (*) $9.20 $11.27 $23,450 2.3%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $15.23 $14.87 $30,930 2.0%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 $12.79 $12.85 $26,730 4.3%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $17.27 $17.26 $35,910 3.3%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $9.06 $9.37 $19,480 1.1%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $11.08 $11.77 $24,480 9.0%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 70 $11.09 $11.16 $23,220 10.9%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $9.00 $9.62 $20,020 3.2%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $9.26 $11.35 $23,600 8.6%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $7.83 $8.33 $17,330 2.6%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $13.24 $13.63 $28,340 2.8%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 120 $17.27 $16.25 $33,810 3.1%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $9.51 $9.68 $20,130 5.1%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 190 $8.26 $11.05 $22,980 14.4%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco (*) $12.01 $11.31 $23,530 10.3%
    92928 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 30 $8.08 $8.47 $17,610 1.7%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $8.75 $8.89 $18,490 1.6%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $10.60 $9.88 $20,560 1.3%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 180 $11.78 $11.24 $23,380 14.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 270 $10.67 $11.43 $23,780 1.5%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $13.89 $11.91 $24,770 1.7%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,440 $13.04 $12.57 $26,150 4.1%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 600 $13.13 $13.09 $27,230 1.8%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 590 $13.86 $13.60 $28,280 1.9%
    93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 1,360 $7.77 $7.99 $16,620 2.0%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 50 $9.52 $9.74 $20,260 4.0%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 1,030 $9.16 $9.22 $19,170 2.3%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 260 $7.85 $8.68 $18,050 3.1%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 80 $18.56 $18.54 $38,570 2.9%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 40 $21.80 $23.76 $49,410 4.0%
    95032 Stationary Engineers (*) $21.76 $21.52 $44,750 3.3%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 240 $15.62 $15.62 $32,490 4.4%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 2,200 $12.89 $13.76 $28,620 2.6%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,970 $9.52 $10.52 $21,890 3.1%
    97108 Bus Drivers 130 $9.24 $10.21 $21,230 2.5%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 370 $10.37 $10.65 $22,150 5.0%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 420 $13.54 $13.05 $27,150 2.0%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 100 $6.08 $7.00 $14,570 5.6%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 180 $8.78 $11.87 $24,690 2.3%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 80 $11.71 $17.89 $37,200 12.3%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 880 $12.71 $12.51 $26,030 1.1%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (*) $6.21 $7.28 $15,150 4.8%
    97956 Operating Engineers 180 $17.12 $17.20 $35,790 2.1%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 130 $14.59 $13.24 $27,530 2.4%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 360 $10.22 $9.99 $20,790 3.4%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 40 $12.38 $12.96 $26,960 4.7%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 200 $7.47 $7.97 $16,570 4.2%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 40 $9.35 $12.06 $25,090 20.5%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (*) $9.45 $9.34 $19,420 4.6%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 80 $6.28 $6.80 $14,150 4.0%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 140 $8.93 $9.73 $20,240 6.3%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 220 $10.15 $10.12 $21,040 2.9%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 710 $10.54 $11.18 $23,260 1.7%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 1,210 $7.59 $8.63 $17,950 1.1%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 820 $6.21 $6.96 $14,470 3.7%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,910 $10.63 $10.76 $22,380 3.0%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001