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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Richmond-Petersburg, Virginia MSA

Richmond-Petersburg is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in Virginia.

Occupational divisions in Richmond-Petersburg:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 3,080 $26.46 $28.07 $58,390 2.3%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 1,300 $24.64 $26.90 $55,940 4.5%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 550 $19.85 $22.78 $47,370 2.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 2,390 $23.65 $28.69 $59,680 7.7%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 1,320 $20.18 $21.98 $45,710 1.9%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 860 $34.95 $33.53 $69,740 2.4%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 50 $23.18 $24.20 $50,330 2.8%
    15005 Education Administrators 1,030 $27.20 $25.20 $52,420 3.4%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 790 $26.91 $27.02 $56,200 5.0%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 660 $17.32 $21.36 $44,430 10.1%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 750 $27.22 $27.88 $57,990 2.4%
    15017 Construction Managers 1,810 $23.71 $24.82 $51,620 3.7%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 750 $29.84 $28.99 $60,300 2.5%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 1,760 $12.78 $13.24 $27,550 4.7%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 80 $11.22 $11.59 $24,110 3.6%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators (*) $6.11 $16.95 $35,250 21.6%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 15,330 $25.61 $29.11 $60,560 1.8%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 6,220 $27.23 $27.38 $56,960 1.7%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 440 $18.57 $19.99 $41,570 3.1%
    21105 Credit Analysts 230 $19.68 $20.62 $42,880 3.9%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 1,550 $14.09 $16.01 $33,300 5.7%
    21111 Tax Preparers 390 $17.68 $19.79 $41,160 13.3%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 4,730 $17.97 $19.55 $40,660 4.6%
    21117 Budget Analysts 420 $21.82 $23.09 $48,030 1.6%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 2,570 $16.59 $19.41 $40,370 2.8%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 470 $16.10 $17.88 $37,190 5.1%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 50 $14.78 $18.30 $38,070 4.4%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,270 $19.21 $20.42 $42,460 2.1%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance (*) $14.98 $16.12 $33,530 3.8%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service (*) $14.05 $18.41 $38,280 4.0%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 2,260 $18.65 $19.94 $41,470 1.8%
    21902 Cost Estimators 620 $18.41 $20.23 $42,080 3.1%
    21905 Management Analysts 1,490 $24.70 $25.71 $53,480 2.8%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 320 $16.75 $18.10 $37,660 5.2%
    21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 620 $17.22 $19.18 $39,890 4.1%
    21917 Assessors 450 $16.31 $17.44 $36,280 5.7%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 350 $15.14 $17.53 $36,450 10.1%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 4,760 $16.54 $18.41 $38,300 2.8%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22114 Chemical Engineers 370 $28.70 $27.08 $56,330 3.2%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 790 $22.28 $23.24 $48,330 2.7%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 650 $26.04 $25.87 $53,800 2.5%
    22127 Computer Engineers 990 $29.26 $27.15 $56,460 4.8%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 580 $25.85 $26.35 $54,820 4.6%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 100 $21.22 $22.56 $46,930 2.2%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 540 $24.76 $25.11 $52,220 1.6%
    22199 All Other Engineers 1,930 $27.63 $26.50 $55,130 2.9%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 620 $21.54 $22.32 $46,420 5.4%
    22308 Landscape Architects 80 $15.88 $15.64 $32,530 3.0%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 240 $15.43 $17.35 $36,080 7.1%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 280 $15.46 $15.77 $32,790 5.1%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 750 $17.97 $18.01 $37,460 3.1%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 350 $21.21 $21.78 $45,300 2.5%
    22514 Drafters 730 $13.66 $14.21 $29,550 1.9%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 290 $12.74 $13.43 $27,940 4.9%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 1,450 $16.71 $18.41 $38,300 3.8%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 590 $19.87 $21.95 $45,650 2.4%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 50 $20.36 $21.72 $45,180 5.7%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 410 $19.35 $22.18 $46,130 3.8%
    24308 Biological Scientists 290 $20.66 $21.88 $45,500 2.1%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 90 $17.37 $16.45 $34,210 1.6%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 500 $19.01 $17.24 $35,860 3.0%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 570 $16.57 $17.18 $35,730 4.2%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 3,760 $24.55 $25.25 $52,520 1.8%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 280 $24.43 $24.53 $51,030 2.4%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 1,710 $16.56 $17.62 $36,640 2.7%
    25105 Computer Programmers 1,940 $21.43 $22.67 $47,160 3.2%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 300 $13.54 $14.33 $29,800 1.7%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 350 $22.49 $23.81 $49,520 2.5%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 400 $18.50 $21.00 $43,690 6.3%
    25313 Actuaries (*) $39.99 $37.78 $78,570 14.8%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 200 $20.97 $26.61 $55,350 19.1%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 390 $22.78 $25.36 $52,750 3.1%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 240 $18.71 $19.43 $40,410 5.3%
    27108 Psychologists 410 $20.59 $22.81 $47,450 2.0%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 540 $15.36 $15.66 $32,580 1.4%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 1,130 $14.52 $15.12 $31,440 2.5%
    27307 Residential Counselors 560 $8.82 $9.08 $18,880 2.8%
    27311 Recreation Workers 780 $8.85 $9.71 $20,190 8.4%
    27502 Clergy 60 $14.30 $15.29 $31,810 7.2%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 40 $11.72 $11.90 $24,750 17.0%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 2,280 $38.30 $38.01 $79,060 9.1%
    28302 Law Clerks 100 $14.11 $14.43 $30,020 2.8%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 710 $13.59 $15.03 $31,260 3.9%
    28308 Title Searchers 100 $12.01 $12.06 $25,090 8.0%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 110 $14.09 $14.56 $30,280 3.9%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31111 Lecturers (*) $5.93 $6.65 $13,840 3.5%
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 70 * * $44,920 5.3%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $48,370 9.2%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $54,270 7.7%
    31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $46,210 4.7%
    31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $46,590 3.7%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $44,930 4.7%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $44,600 6.2%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $49,570 5.3%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 180 * * $44,270 6.4%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 140 * * $46,300 3.9%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $43,760 10.0%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $52,820 4.8%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $58,030 6.6%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $52,130 5.0%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $51,260 4.2%
    31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $36,160 12.5%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $58,310 8.6%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $52,500 6.7%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $41,440 7.0%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 1,290 $7.31 $8.06 $16,770 2.2%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 500 * * $38,840 4.1%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 4,670 * * $38,120 4.2%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 4,980 * * $40,680 4.0%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 1,240 * * $40,690 3.0%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 510 $17.16 $17.64 $36,690 6.9%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 340 $10.85 $12.75 $26,520 7.7%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 840 $8.50 $10.54 $21,930 4.6%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 3,580 * * $21,490 5.2%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 800 $19.03 $19.92 $41,430 4.9%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library (*) $12.43 $12.14 $25,260 7.7%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists (*) $15.16 $15.78 $32,830 1.7%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 100 $11.15 $13.03 $27,110 3.1%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 640 $19.34 $20.33 $42,290 4.0%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 680 $24.41 $24.21 $50,350 4.8%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,420 $6.00 $6.81 $14,170 4.4%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 2,160 $52.05 $43.57** $90,630** 10.3%
    32105 Dentists 460 $47.97 $43.15** $89,750** 10.0%
    32108 Optometrists (*) $47.37 $40.72 $84,710 13.0%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 190 $26.02 $26.59 $55,310 7.1%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 30 $28.96 $22.88 $47,580 14.8%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 340 $15.91 $16.31 $33,920 2.0%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 270 $23.27 $24.20 $50,330 2.6%
    32308 Physical Therapists 460 $25.79 $25.98 $54,040 2.4%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 380 $20.60 $21.61 $44,950 2.3%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 120 $13.19 $12.78 $26,590 4.1%
    32399 All Other Therapists 60 $12.00 $12.63 $26,270 3.8%
    32502 Registered Nurses 8,790 $19.44 $20.18 $41,980 1.9%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 3,200 $13.06 $12.96 $26,960 1.0%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 140 $12.36 $14.67 $30,520 3.1%
    32511 Physician Assistants 310 $12.41 $15.34 $31,920 12.7%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $12.28 $13.85 $28,820 4.9%
    32517 Pharmacists 890 $32.75 $29.46 $61,280 1.9%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,030 $7.99 $8.29 $17,240 2.0%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 230 $14.26 $14.58 $30,330 1.7%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 70 $8.57 $9.02 $18,770 2.8%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 800 $16.18 $16.64 $34,600 1.8%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 510 $11.54 $12.08 $25,130 2.1%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 420 $23.97 $24.22 $50,370 8.0%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 170 $9.92 $10.96 $22,790 3.3%
    32913 Radiation Therapists 60 $17.29 $18.11 $37,660 4.1%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 40 $17.83 $17.65 $36,700 1.9%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 610 $15.58 $16.12 $33,530 1.5%
    32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 30 $14.51 $15.02 $31,240 3.6%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 160 $16.52 $15.19 $31,590 1.7%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians (*) $16.27 $16.73 $34,810 5.7%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 210 $12.42 $12.55 $26,110 1.8%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 80 $11.20 $11.25 $23,390 7.2%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 3,030 $16.64 $16.62 $34,570 7.3%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 530 $21.90 $24.30 $50,540 4.8%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 130 $18.75 $19.35 $40,240 3.4%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 480 $17.23 $17.94 $37,300 1.4%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 140 $17.10 $17.85 $37,130 6.2%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television (*) $6.07 $10.74 $22,340 21.0%
    34023 Photographers 210 $11.85 $12.47 $25,930 8.1%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 40 $11.55 $12.10 $25,160 6.3%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 120 $8.31 $9.99 $20,770 10.4%
    34032 Film Editors 40 $11.45 $15.74 $32,740 6.6%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 640 $14.86 $15.25 $31,730 5.9%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 700 $11.38 $12.94 $26,910 3.3%
    34041 Interior Designers 210 $12.73 $14.77 $30,720 9.8%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (*) $7.92 $8.82 $18,340 3.1%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers (*) * * $16,710 7.5%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 340 * * $36,210 18.6%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 90 * * $23,620 13.7%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39005 Traffic Technicians 50 $14.16 $16.38 $34,070 2.2%
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 70 $20.13 $21.08 $43,850 11.8%
    39014 Embalmers 60 $14.40 $15.96 $33,190 19.0%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 4,830 $15.99 $18.39 $38,250 3.2%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 6,870 $13.41 $16.65 $34,630 2.1%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 1,460 $18.51 $21.90 $45,550 4.4%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 60 $35.93 $32.06 $66,670 12.2%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 190 $13.46 $17.66 $36,730 9.0%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 250 $16.09 $18.56 $38,600 7.5%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 1,700 $23.89 $28.63 $59,540 9.3%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 830 $18.04 $18.55 $38,570 3.2%
    43021 Travel Agents 490 $11.52 $11.62 $24,170 6.1%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 450 $14.93 $19.74 $41,050 8.2%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 510 $13.24 $14.61 $30,390 2.9%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 200 $23.33 $26.05 $54,180 2.9%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 1,900 $18.85 $19.91 $41,410 3.4%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 4,790 $17.58 $19.57 $40,700 2.1%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 18,440 $7.53 $9.00 $18,730 2.3%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 1,070 $10.70 $11.61 $24,150 4.0%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,170 $6.43 $6.99 $14,550 2.0%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 3,970 $7.76 $8.06 $16,760 1.1%
    49023 Cashiers 15,860 $6.41 $6.79 $14,120 1.0%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 690 $10.11 $9.88 $20,550 1.3%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 80 $5.95 $6.64 $13,810 5.1%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 2,070 $11.08 $13.00 $27,030 4.5%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 8,540 $13.96 $15.46 $32,160 1.9%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 2,760 $8.44 $8.73 $18,170 1.9%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 570 $9.57 $9.53 $19,810 2.0%
    53108 Transit Clerks (*) $8.07 $8.27 $17,210 2.8%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 60 $10.00 $10.51 $21,860 6.9%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 70 $11.79 $12.62 $26,240 2.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 1,270 $9.82 $10.26 $21,350 1.7%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 3,560 $10.61 $11.55 $24,020 5.2%
    53126 Statement Clerks 60 $8.45 $8.95 $18,610 4.2%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 470 $10.70 $11.58 $24,080 3.0%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 940 $21.10 $23.35 $48,580 5.7%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage (*) $25.32 $26.16 $54,420 5.2%
    53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 80 $10.82 $13.53 $28,140 10.0%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 910 $10.06 $10.09 $20,990 4.1%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 1,810 $12.15 $11.89 $24,740 3.3%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 150 $16.64 $18.36 $38,190 9.6%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 970 $10.98 $11.09 $23,060 1.9%
    53702 Court Clerks (*) $11.48 $12.85 $26,730 5.2%
    53708 License Clerks (*) $10.61 $11.12 $23,120 1.3%
    53802 Travel Clerks (*) $8.48 $9.32 $19,390 1.7%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 220 $16.13 $14.24 $29,610 5.5%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 630 $7.08 $7.19 $14,960 2.4%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers (*) $8.92 $9.42 $19,590 1.7%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 1,400 $7.26 $7.71 $16,030 4.7%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (*) $7.68 $8.15 $16,950 1.6%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 750 $9.52 $10.21 $21,240 3.6%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 830 $14.59 $14.24 $29,610 2.9%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 1,140 $10.43 $10.52 $21,870 2.1%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 10,420 $11.48 $11.91 $24,770 0.9%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 350 $9.80 $10.26 $21,340 1.9%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 5,320 $8.53 $8.68 $18,060 0.9%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 1,010 $9.83 $9.80 $20,380 1.4%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 580 $11.67 $12.17 $25,310 1.7%
    55321 File Clerks 920 $7.75 $8.19 $17,040 2.7%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 2,110 $10.45 $10.54 $21,920 0.8%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 290 $11.90 $12.03 $25,010 1.1%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 160 $14.06 $13.44 $27,960 8.5%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 350 $9.16 $9.29 $19,330 3.3%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 890 $15.52 $14.92 $31,040 2.4%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 6,910 $11.26 $11.73 $24,390 1.1%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 640 $11.85 $11.85 $24,660 1.2%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 1,780 $10.69 $10.90 $22,670 0.7%
    55347 General Office Clerks 13,960 $9.37 $9.81 $20,410 1.1%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 340 $9.84 $10.24 $21,300 2.8%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 240 $8.70 $8.98 $18,680 5.2%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 220 $8.19 $9.21 $19,150 2.2%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,280 $12.55 $12.77 $26,560 1.8%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 2,440 $7.85 $8.31 $17,290 3.1%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 400 $10.79 $11.05 $22,990 3.8%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 1,010 $8.75 $8.65 $17,990 0.8%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 620 $8.87 $9.13 $18,990 1.2%
    57311 Messengers (*) $8.01 $8.32 $17,310 1.5%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 190 $8.88 $9.50 $19,770 3.2%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 650 $12.93 $14.31 $29,770 3.9%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 710 $14.20 $14.97 $31,130 1.8%
    58011 Transportation Agents (*) $15.62 $14.94 $31,080 1.9%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 100 $11.19 $12.70 $26,420 1.4%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 110 $9.92 $11.59 $24,110 6.2%
    58021 Marking Clerks 80 $8.14 $8.23 $17,120 1.4%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 3,520 $8.36 $9.09 $18,900 1.5%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 1,010 $9.31 $10.07 $20,940 2.6%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,570 $11.55 $12.14 $25,250 1.9%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 850 $10.72 $11.30 $23,490 2.2%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 4,420 $11.50 $12.21 $25,390 2.5%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 370 $9.68 $10.04 $20,880 1.4%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 2,480 $11.51 $12.43 $25,860 2.0%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 250 $12.10 $13.89 $28,890 2.2%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 90 $9.32 $10.48 $21,800 2.8%
    63044 Crossing Guards 60 $8.15 $9.41 $19,570 4.6%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 3,780 $8.44 $9.70 $20,170 3.0%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 900 $6.63 $8.89 $18,490 16.0%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 810 $6.46 $6.72 $13,980 2.4%
    65005 Bartenders 830 $5.83 $6.19 $12,870 3.4%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 7,270 $5.88 $6.11 $12,710 1.8%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 340 $6.26 $7.55 $15,710 2.1%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 1,710 $5.85 $6.03 $12,550 1.8%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 940 $5.82 $6.03 $12,540 2.4%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 550 $7.71 $7.99 $16,620 2.3%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 450 $11.73 $11.65 $24,230 1.1%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 2,620 $8.05 $8.36 $17,380 2.4%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 950 $7.73 $7.95 $16,530 2.4%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 3,010 $6.15 $6.42 $13,360 1.8%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 280 $6.77 $6.91 $14,380 5.0%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 4,920 $7.13 $7.38 $15,350 1.2%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 4,180 $6.45 $6.85 $14,250 2.1%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 1,030 $6.86 $7.61 $15,830 5.2%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 990 $10.72 $10.64 $22,130 2.3%
    66005 Medical Assistants 800 $9.38 $9.82 $20,410 4.5%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 5,240 $7.70 $7.99 $16,620 1.5%
    66011 Home Health Aides 1,180 $7.03 $7.10 $14,780 4.2%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 230 $10.94 $11.95 $24,860 3.2%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 70 $12.71 $13.93 $28,970 4.9%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 200 $9.83 $9.74 $20,260 1.5%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 650 $8.76 $9.73 $20,240 2.3%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 3,630 $6.69 $6.85 $14,240 1.6%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 8,260 $6.65 $7.09 $14,750 1.4%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 680 $11.53 $10.78 $22,430 15.4%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 790 $8.69 $8.95 $18,620 1.8%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68002 Barbers 80 $8.26 $9.50 $19,770 11.7%
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 1,660 $8.54 $9.82 $20,430 6.0%
    68008 Manicurists 130 $7.86 $9.10 $18,930 7.8%
    68011 Shampooers 180 $5.78 $6.08 $12,650 4.2%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,220 $5.93 $6.86 $14,280 6.6%
    68017 Guides 100 $6.36 $7.79 $16,190 14.2%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 440 $5.85 $5.77 $12,000 2.9%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 50 $5.93 $5.83 $12,120 2.6%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 30 $7.07 $7.40 $15,400 4.9%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 520 $5.89 $6.29 $13,080 4.4%
    68038 Child Care Workers 1,210 $6.67 $7.30 $15,180 6.0%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 170 $7.85 $8.67 $18,040 8.7%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 880 $6.34 $7.62 $15,860 3.5%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 120 $13.41 $14.18 $29,500 2.0%
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73002 Fallers and Buckers (*) $9.79 $9.60 $19,980 3.7%
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 40 $9.13 $9.30 $19,330 2.3%
    73011 Logging Tractor Operators 60 $7.79 $8.23 $17,110 7.7%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 360 $7.08 $7.50 $15,590 3.5%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 2,240 $8.26 $8.84 $18,380 1.6%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 200 $7.40 $7.79 $16,210 5.0%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 300 $10.17 $10.89 $22,640 3.2%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,730 $19.05 $20.54 $42,710 2.0%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 2,350 $17.26 $17.85 $37,130 1.7%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 1,890 $19.93 $20.46 $42,560 2.0%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 830 $16.53 $17.26 $35,900 1.3%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 780 $14.16 $15.47 $32,180 4.0%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 850 $18.02 $19.23 $39,990 2.7%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 280 $14.34 $15.07 $31,340 2.5%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,130 $12.02 $12.24 $25,470 4.4%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 280 $11.51 $13.66 $28,410 4.5%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,210 $15.08 $15.15 $31,510 1.3%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 250 $18.41 $20.17 $41,950 8.8%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 190 $17.31 $18.93 $39,370 2.9%
    85123 Millwrights (*) $13.90 $15.27 $31,760 3.3%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 320 $16.03 $16.74 $34,820 1.5%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 3,770 $11.12 $11.85 $24,640 1.7%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 2,840 $14.09 $14.32 $29,790 2.5%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 840 $13.96 $14.52 $30,210 5.0%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,160 $14.14 $14.27 $29,680 1.5%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 610 $15.18 $15.11 $31,430 2.0%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 120 $19.09 $19.49 $40,530 2.9%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 230 $6.40 $7.58 $15,760 3.9%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 380 $22.05 $21.59 $44,900 3.5%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (*) $22.31 $21.89 $45,530 4.3%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 380 $10.71 $11.30 $23,510 4.4%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 190 $15.36 $16.03 $33,350 1.9%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 320 $6.63 $9.43 $19,610 13.4%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 50 $8.91 $9.75 $20,290 5.4%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 70 $14.98 $15.85 $32,970 1.9%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 180 $17.69 $18.55 $38,590 2.3%
    85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians (*) $21.90 $21.67 $45,070 2.9%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 280 $20.09 $18.58 $38,640 3.9%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 170 $21.93 $19.98 $41,570 3.0%
    85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 40 $9.94 $11.91 $24,780 16.3%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 80 $11.31 $11.88 $24,710 2.8%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,170 $13.83 $14.16 $29,450 2.2%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 130 $22.01 $21.94 $45,630 2.4%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 40 $15.90 $16.46 $34,230 1.5%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 60 $13.48 $12.39 $25,780 6.8%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers (*) $11.50 $11.87 $24,690 3.9%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers (*) $10.59 $10.66 $22,180 1.8%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 90 $11.50 $11.67 $24,280 1.2%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 240 $8.08 $8.35 $17,360 4.1%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,720 $12.31 $12.96 $26,950 2.5%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 2,260 $12.96 $13.20 $27,450 1.4%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 50 $12.67 $12.90 $26,840 4.6%
    87108 Drywall Installers 490 $12.61 $12.75 $26,520 1.8%
    87111 Tapers 100 $12.41 $12.36 $25,700 2.8%
    87202 Electricians 2,850 $17.14 $16.81 $34,960 1.5%
    87302 Brickmasons 800 $16.18 $15.01 $31,230 9.4%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 420 $11.60 $12.14 $25,250 1.9%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons (*) $13.13 $13.29 $27,640 1.8%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 1,790 $11.95 $12.70 $26,410 3.2%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,800 $15.12 $15.47 $32,180 2.0%
    87508 Pipelayers 230 $10.75 $10.67 $22,200 3.3%
    87602 Carpet Installers 70 $11.72 $12.83 $26,700 1.4%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles (*) $11.49 $12.42 $25,830 3.7%
    87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators 30 $9.85 $10.41 $21,660 2.0%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 310 $10.18 $10.68 $22,210 2.2%
    87802 Insulation Workers 1,040 $11.49 $11.80 $24,540 2.4%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 360 $10.54 $10.67 $22,190 1.5%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 260 $11.14 $11.80 $24,540 5.2%
    87808 Roofers 630 $11.69 $11.92 $24,790 3.0%
    87811 Glaziers 140 $11.83 $12.23 $25,430 2.0%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 280 $16.22 $16.39 $34,080 1.5%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 400 $12.24 $13.61 $28,300 5.4%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 30 $12.65 $12.33 $25,650 5.6%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers (*) $7.55 $8.43 $17,530 5.3%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 140 $15.69 $16.15 $33,590 6.2%
    89108 Machinists 1,160 $15.59 $15.41 $32,060 5.2%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths (*) $10.70 $10.88 $22,620 1.9%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 600 $13.21 $13.36 $27,780 2.3%
    89135 Boilermakers (*) $19.15 $19.52 $40,610 2.9%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 420 $10.62 $10.80 $22,470 2.6%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 70 $10.42 $10.39 $21,610 5.5%
    89399 All Other Precision Woodworkers 60 $10.45 $10.85 $22,560 5.7%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 90 $9.60 $9.82 $20,430 4.0%
    89508 Upholsterers (*) $10.72 $10.41 $21,660 6.0%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 30 $10.22 $13.00 $27,050 12.8%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 110 $6.56 $6.71 $13,960 3.3%
    89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers (*) $11.93 $11.67 $24,270 2.0%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 110 $15.67 $16.01 $33,310 3.5%
    89717 Strippers 100 $14.31 $14.46 $30,070 2.7%
    89718 Platemakers 60 $13.70 $14.08 $29,290 5.4%
    89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 160 $9.84 $10.58 $22,010 6.3%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 350 $10.29 $9.94 $20,680 2.8%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 290 $7.76 $8.40 $17,470 3.3%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 50 $10.92 $11.06 $23,000 2.6%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers (*) $8.98 $9.40 $19,550 1.5%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 50 $13.50 $13.36 $27,800 6.2%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers (*) $10.23 $11.86 $24,670 1.7%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $11.86 $12.02 $24,990 1.5%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.24 $12.07 $25,110 1.3%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $12.15 $12.61 $26,230 8.1%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.79 $12.87 $26,760 1.7%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $10.00 $10.19 $21,200 1.1%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $14.21 $13.92 $28,960 2.5%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $11.70 $11.64 $24,220 3.5%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 460 $11.98 $11.81 $24,560 3.7%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $13.61 $12.65 $26,300 5.7%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $8.61 $9.22 $19,170 2.0%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $10.93 $11.45 $23,820 2.7%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $11.97 $13.15 $27,350 2.2%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 180 $12.61 $12.77 $26,550 1.4%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 170 $10.38 $10.00 $20,800 3.7%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $8.56 $8.77 $18,250 4.6%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 340 $9.91 $10.33 $21,490 5.8%
    91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders (*) $12.36 $11.88 $24,720 1.8%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $7.39 $8.00 $16,640 1.9%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing (*) $12.27 $11.74 $24,410 5.6%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 60 $6.62 $7.28 $15,150 5.4%
    92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $13.66 $13.18 $27,420 6.7%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 340 $13.32 $12.93 $26,900 3.5%
    92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 220 $16.44 $16.23 $33,750 3.1%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 40 $11.13 $11.59 $24,110 4.2%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $11.65 $12.19 $25,350 2.8%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 1,020 $12.61 $13.12 $27,290 6.0%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 390 $8.72 $9.78 $20,350 3.2%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 170 $10.72 $11.47 $23,850 5.7%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 100 $11.12 $12.27 $25,520 2.7%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 390 $7.17 $7.30 $15,190 3.1%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 360 $7.21 $7.55 $15,700 2.8%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 880 $6.49 $7.12 $14,810 3.4%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 440 $7.17 $7.27 $15,130 3.7%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $8.39 $9.26 $19,270 3.2%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $12.54 $12.73 $26,470 1.9%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 740 $20.51 $20.20 $42,020 2.4%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $13.37 $12.86 $26,750 1.4%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 550 $9.87 $11.94 $24,830 4.4%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 110 $11.34 $12.33 $25,640 7.3%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 220 $12.25 $11.94 $24,830 2.2%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $8.42 $8.83 $18,360 2.1%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 $10.99 $10.86 $22,590 5.1%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 420 $11.06 $11.38 $23,670 1.6%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 330 $11.83 $11.81 $24,560 1.7%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,550 $12.99 $13.08 $27,200 2.6%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 700 $10.14 $10.14 $21,090 1.9%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 1,790 $12.54 $13.60 $28,290 6.2%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers (*) $12.56 $12.53 $26,060 2.9%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 60 $12.94 $13.33 $27,720 1.6%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 650 $7.84 $8.46 $17,590 5.2%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers (*) $11.44 $11.66 $24,250 0.9%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 1,040 $13.04 $14.71 $30,600 1.3%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 110 $7.84 $7.90 $16,440 1.4%
    93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand (*) $7.98 $8.13 $16,920 4.0%
    93944 Molders and Casters, Hand (*) $8.05 $8.68 $18,040 2.0%
    93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand 60 $8.29 $7.80 $16,230 4.8%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 100 $8.74 $8.73 $18,160 1.2%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 3,040 $8.09 $8.99 $18,690 1.3%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 1,610 $6.06 $7.38 $15,360 5.8%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 130 $14.63 $15.52 $32,270 2.2%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 110 $19.79 $19.92 $41,440 2.2%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 70 $20.35 $20.47 $42,570 4.1%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 30 $18.38 $18.26 $37,980 4.5%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 400 $10.30 $11.59 $24,110 4.2%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 7,490 $13.09 $13.67 $28,430 2.4%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 5,770 $10.10 $10.91 $22,700 2.1%
    97108 Bus Drivers 830 $10.33 $11.24 $23,380 7.3%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 2,170 $7.17 $7.71 $16,030 3.4%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 160 $6.41 $6.95 $14,460 3.2%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 1,290 $10.63 $10.78 $22,420 5.4%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 380 $8.42 $10.41 $21,650 4.2%
    97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 90 * * $50,040 4.4%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 330 $6.47 $7.22 $15,010 3.7%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 390 $5.84 $5.89 $12,240 2.3%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 660 $9.34 $9.82 $20,430 5.1%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 490 $10.71 $11.04 $22,970 3.9%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 350 $11.49 $12.28 $25,540 1.4%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 170 $16.51 $15.90 $33,070 2.0%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,570 $10.28 $10.60 $22,050 1.7%
    97956 Operating Engineers 310 $16.26 $14.49 $30,130 6.8%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 580 $10.67 $11.51 $23,930 6.0%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 140 $10.64 $11.63 $24,190 2.8%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 750 $9.36 $10.01 $20,820 2.7%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 740 $8.48 $8.43 $17,540 4.9%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 1,050 $8.77 $9.07 $18,860 4.8%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 940 $9.15 $9.51 $19,790 2.8%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 80 $8.60 $8.90 $18,500 4.7%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 510 $8.45 $8.67 $18,040 1.8%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 240 $8.18 $8.55 $17,780 5.5%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 420 $8.83 $9.08 $18,880 1.7%
    98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers (*) $8.66 $8.42 $17,520 3.4%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 990 $11.24 $11.37 $23,650 3.5%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (*) $7.81 $8.13 $16,920 6.0%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 4,320 $7.99 $8.60 $17,880 5.1%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 5,750 $6.44 $7.09 $14,750 2.9%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 820 $6.80 $7.08 $14,730 2.7%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 8,050 $9.06 $9.39 $19,530 1.3%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for Virginia

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001