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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Salinas, California MSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Salinas is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in Salinas:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 560 $28.29 $28.94 $60,200 3.0%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 170 $23.07 $24.92 $51,820 3.3%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 130 $19.01 $21.96 $45,680 4.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 550 $24.17 $27.87 $57,980 3.8%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 400 $19.73 $21.68 $45,090 2.0%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 260 $36.27 $34.18 $71,100 3.1%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 310 $31.83 $29.50 $61,350 2.6%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 240 $14.56 $17.22 $35,820 8.3%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 150 $8.29 $10.84 $22,540 5.7%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 120 $25.85 $26.91 $55,980 2.7%
    15017 Construction Managers 210 $33.30 $32.48 $67,570 7.3%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 130 $30.09 $29.37 $61,090 3.6%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 530 $14.85 $15.74 $32,740 5.0%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 30 $12.73 $14.54 $30,240 8.0%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 50 $6.21 $22.52 $46,850 13.3%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 3,140 $29.61 $31.10 $64,680 2.2%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 930 $23.04 $25.24 $52,500 2.1%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 50 $16.35 $17.35 $36,080 6.3%
    21105 Credit Analysts 60 $24.16 $24.89 $51,780 4.7%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 120 $15.86 $20.76 $43,170 6.1%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 670 $19.57 $21.08 $43,850 3.5%
    21117 Budget Analysts 30 $24.76 $25.49 $53,010 4.8%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 130 $20.21 $21.74 $45,220 4.1%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (*) $31.03 $32.65** $67,910** 23.0%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 30 $17.72 $20.71 $43,080 3.6%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 120 $17.79 $18.89 $39,300 1.7%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 260 $17.13 $18.07 $37,580 2.0%
    21902 Cost Estimators 140 $19.99 $21.72 $45,180 3.5%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 40 $25.24 $30.08 $62,560 10.0%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 600 $16.45 $17.88 $37,200 2.2%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 90 $28.79 $26.91 $55,970 6.7%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers (*) $33.61 $30.64 $63,740 5.5%
    22127 Computer Engineers 160 $21.58 $22.94 $47,710 9.2%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 60 $23.89 $24.38 $50,700 3.7%
    22199 All Other Engineers 100 $31.11 $28.79 $59,890 3.2%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 230 $19.05 $21.30 $44,300 4.8%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 30 $30.60 $27.61 $57,430 8.2%
    22514 Drafters 110 $16.43 $16.59 $34,510 2.3%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 70 $18.60 $21.36 $44,420 4.6%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 170 $21.05 $20.35 $42,330 1.8%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 50 $23.70 $24.42 $50,800 4.0%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 50 $13.21 $14.12 $29,370 2.9%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 140 $15.79 $15.92 $33,110 1.5%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25103 Data Base Administrators 70 $23.52 $25.34 $52,700 2.5%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 210 $19.88 $22.30 $46,380 3.4%
    25105 Computer Programmers 180 $22.20 $24.04 $50,010 6.2%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 30 $12.80 $13.14 $27,330 1.1%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 70 $18.55 $20.67 $42,990 3.9%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 30 $19.65 $21.22 $44,150 5.8%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 40 $23.05 $24.02 $49,960 7.3%
    27108 Psychologists 90 $31.31 $29.12 $60,570 4.7%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 150 $22.21 $24.00 $49,910 5.3%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric (*) $13.76 $14.26 $29,660 3.0%
    27308 Human Services Workers 50 $10.77 $10.89 $22,650 4.1%
    27311 Recreation Workers (*) $8.21 $9.59 $19,950 2.1%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 140 $40.20 $39.13** $81,380** 11.4%
    28302 Law Clerks (*) $20.17 $20.32 $42,270 8.0%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 70 $17.91 $18.34 $38,150 6.1%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 30 $17.11 $17.46 $36,320 4.6%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical (*) $21.73 $21.18 $44,060 2.8%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $55,370 5.6%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 250 $9.45 $9.68 $20,130 4.1%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 140 * * $43,480 2.5%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,240 * * $43,930 1.8%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 970 * * $50,030 2.4%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 380 * * $46,240 4.5%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 540 $18.30 $19.12 $39,770 2.3%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 460 $11.93 $12.63 $26,260 7.5%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors (*) * * $64,810 6.0%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 100 $17.60 $18.04 $37,530 2.6%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 60 $12.05 $12.36 $25,700 2.7%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 200 $29.04 $26.60 $55,340 4.9%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 390 $7.21 $8.24 $17,130 7.1%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 490 # $54.70** $113,780** 18.9%
    32105 Dentists 120 # $47.83** $99,490** 26.1%
    32108 Optometrists (*) $22.58 $24.17 $50,270 6.0%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 60 $24.11 $25.82 $53,710 14.2%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 80 $22.37 $22.64 $47,090 5.9%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 50 $29.82 $28.65 $59,590 5.6%
    32308 Physical Therapists 130 $28.52 $29.76 $61,900 4.0%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 50 $22.95 $23.82 $49,550 7.3%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,800 $31.34 $28.22 $58,690 5.6%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 390 $17.24 $17.22 $35,810 3.7%
    32511 Physician Assistants 40 $35.34 $33.32 $69,310 8.1%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 30 $10.25 $11.83 $24,610 7.8%
    32517 Pharmacists 140 $36.35 $33.70 $70,090 3.7%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 210 $11.07 $10.99 $22,860 5.0%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 80 $16.47 $16.97 $35,290 7.1%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 180 $34.53 $29.87 $62,140 7.2%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 80 $11.67 $12.47 $25,930 6.6%
    32913 Radiation Therapists (*) $32.66 $29.63 $61,640 6.0%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 180 $23.56 $24.08 $50,080 6.8%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 60 $11.11 $11.47 $23,850 3.6%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 230 $18.85 $20.28 $42,190 2.5%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 50 $19.07 $20.44 $42,520 2.3%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 70 $15.07 $16.02 $33,330 4.0%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 120 $8.59 $9.47 $19,690 6.7%
    34023 Photographers 50 $10.68 $12.74 $26,500 17.2%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 30 $11.06 $12.43 $25,860 7.8%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 100 $12.88 $15.05 $31,310 2.3%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 280 $14.22 $16.48 $34,270 5.9%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 80 * * $24,430 21.0%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 650 $15.77 $17.70 $36,820 7.2%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,950 $15.35 $17.27 $35,920 2.1%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 130 $19.29 $23.23 $48,330 7.5%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate (*) $13.85 $15.37 $31,970 8.2%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 190 $22.92 $32.75 $68,120 20.9%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 330 $12.05 $14.49 $30,140 3.8%
    43021 Travel Agents 80 $8.49 $9.49 $19,750 10.8%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 160 $16.48 $19.18 $39,900 4.2%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services (*) $15.21 $18.25 $37,960 7.6%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 50 $30.83 $29.44 $61,240 4.6%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 210 $17.24 $22.02 $45,800 4.8%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 700 $15.02 $18.11 $37,670 5.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 5,220 $8.07 $8.94 $18,600 1.6%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 430 $13.36 $13.23 $27,510 4.4%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 440 $8.16 $9.01 $18,740 3.7%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,410 $8.45 $9.83 $20,450 3.0%
    49023 Cashiers 3,340 $7.61 $9.19 $19,120 3.2%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 90 $8.77 $9.89 $20,570 1.1%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters (*) $8.55 $8.56 $17,790 2.0%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 670 $11.17 $12.73 $26,480 3.4%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,670 $15.95 $16.87 $35,090 1.5%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 620 $8.93 $8.95 $18,620 1.9%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 80 $11.82 $12.34 $25,660 5.6%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 120 $13.66 $14.11 $29,350 1.8%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 230 $9.26 $9.60 $19,970 1.3%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 50 $22.31 $23.52 $48,930 4.9%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 110 $14.52 $14.93 $31,060 5.6%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 60 $10.78 $11.07 $23,030 1.7%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 160 $12.56 $13.11 $27,260 2.1%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 380 $11.27 $12.68 $26,370 13.3%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 530 $8.44 $8.53 $17,730 2.6%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 60 $12.01 $11.99 $24,940 1.7%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 540 $9.32 $9.07 $18,870 3.2%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries (*) $15.36 $15.44 $32,120 3.9%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 80 $11.32 $12.65 $26,300 2.6%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,660 $12.58 $12.93 $26,900 1.5%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,300 $9.56 $10.00 $20,810 1.6%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 550 $12.57 $12.75 $26,510 1.2%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 150 $14.11 $14.05 $29,230 1.8%
    55321 File Clerks 260 $7.77 $8.16 $16,980 2.3%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 260 $12.22 $13.24 $27,540 4.9%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 40 $11.27 $11.47 $23,850 1.7%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 30 $12.69 $12.10 $25,160 6.8%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 180 $6.33 $9.54 $19,840 6.1%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 240 $18.93 $19.04 $39,610 2.5%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 2,110 $12.09 $12.21 $25,400 1.0%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 130 $13.91 $14.04 $29,200 2.3%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 220 $11.67 $12.31 $25,610 1.3%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,950 $9.72 $10.72 $22,300 2.8%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 70 $12.63 $12.35 $25,690 1.5%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 40 $8.66 $9.16 $19,050 3.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 240 $10.60 $10.81 $22,470 4.9%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 280 $9.19 $9.49 $19,740 2.1%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 40 $10.01 $9.97 $20,740 1.6%
    57311 Messengers 30 $8.43 $8.94 $18,600 3.2%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 160 $17.30 $17.33 $36,040 1.3%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 140 $14.28 $15.23 $31,680 2.8%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 190 $17.57 $18.40 $38,260 4.5%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 50 $19.96 $18.20 $37,860 3.0%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 660 $10.81 $11.37 $23,650 1.8%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales (*) $7.84 $8.27 $17,190 2.4%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 940 $12.54 $12.66 $26,340 2.3%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 50 $14.64 $15.59 $32,430 1.7%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,200 $11.17 $11.60 $24,130 0.8%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 130 $22.63 $23.76 $49,430 4.5%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 150 $22.66 $22.37 $46,520 2.1%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 170 $9.74 $10.38 $21,590 3.4%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 1,320 $13.51 $16.32 $33,940 4.3%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters 620 $11.54 $13.53 $28,150 1.8%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 500 $18.86 $19.38 $40,320 3.6%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 50 $9.67 $10.12 $21,040 6.8%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 1,320 $6.74 $7.36 $15,300 3.8%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers (*) $12.23 $12.42 $25,820 4.0%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 390 $6.65 $7.16 $14,900 3.3%
    65005 Bartenders 830 $7.32 $7.92 $16,470 2.6%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 3,180 $5.96 $6.56 $13,640 2.2%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 750 $6.08 $7.16 $14,900 4.3%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 690 $7.84 $8.11 $16,860 3.0%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 270 $11.44 $11.64 $24,220 2.0%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 200 $16.46 $14.78 $30,750 3.5%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 1,110 $9.49 $9.60 $19,970 2.3%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 300 $11.72 $12.18 $25,340 3.0%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 650 $5.93 $6.72 $13,970 7.2%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 100 $8.30 $8.45 $17,590 4.4%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 2,140 $6.64 $7.69 $16,000 2.3%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,430 $6.11 $6.95 $14,450 3.2%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 420 $8.11 $9.11 $18,950 1.7%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 270 $12.56 $12.87 $26,770 7.6%
    66005 Medical Assistants 370 $10.39 $10.65 $22,160 2.5%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,020 $7.96 $8.78 $18,260 4.1%
    66011 Home Health Aides 320 $8.67 $9.11 $18,950 2.4%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 100 $11.77 $12.74 $26,510 5.3%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,950 $7.34 $7.76 $16,130 2.3%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,820 $7.36 $8.28 $17,220 1.9%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 80 $11.72 $11.79 $24,520 1.2%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 210 $10.80 $10.98 $22,850 2.6%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 160 $7.71 $8.14 $16,930 4.9%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 120 $6.11 $6.80 $14,140 2.3%
    68017 Guides 30 $8.44 $10.88 $22,620 16.4%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 40 $5.93 $6.39 $13,300 4.6%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 130 $6.50 $7.06 $14,680 2.4%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 130 $7.54 $8.27 $17,190 3.1%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers (*) $8.08 $9.38 $19,500 6.5%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 510 $14.45 $15.27 $31,770 2.4%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 2,050 $6.15 $6.50 $13,510 2.0%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 80 $7.66 $8.33 $17,330 4.6%
    79021 Farm Equipment Operators (*) $7.69 $8.00 $16,650 4.1%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,540 $10.42 $11.23 $23,350 3.1%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 80 $8.57 $8.69 $18,080 6.0%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 12,930 $6.12 $6.77 $14,080 2.5%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 520 $8.09 $9.72 $20,210 4.5%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 380 $21.35 $22.06 $45,880 3.3%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 240 $23.68 $25.02 $52,040 4.0%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 330 $14.92 $15.04 $31,290 5.4%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 130 $19.15 $19.85 $41,290 2.3%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 70 $16.24 $16.26 $33,820 1.1%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 350 $19.39 $21.12 $43,930 1.8%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 140 $11.85 $12.72 $26,450 4.3%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 90 $16.63 $18.16 $37,770 4.0%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 220 $14.23 $14.35 $29,840 3.0%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 30 $13.28 $13.76 $28,620 5.5%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 1,090 $11.70 $12.63 $26,270 2.9%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 720 $17.31 $18.07 $37,590 8.1%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 90 $16.07 $18.27 $38,000 10.9%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 200 $18.14 $17.56 $36,520 5.5%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 180 $12.96 $13.58 $28,240 4.1%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics (*) $13.42 $14.98 $31,150 1.6%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 230 $15.10 $15.51 $32,260 3.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 210 $23.73 $23.55 $48,990 4.8%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 50 $14.03 $15.24 $31,700 4.0%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 100 $9.89 $10.05 $20,900 6.9%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 200 $11.51 $13.94 $28,990 2.1%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 920 $18.72 $18.77 $39,040 3.8%
    87202 Electricians 330 $18.85 $20.26 $42,150 10.5%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 170 $17.52 $18.01 $37,450 4.4%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 290 $13.74 $14.08 $29,290 11.8%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 180 $21.52 $22.11 $45,990 3.2%
    87508 Pipelayers 60 $17.26 $17.58 $36,570 13.5%
    87602 Carpet Installers (*) $16.70 $15.29 $31,800 3.5%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 90 $16.55 $16.75 $34,840 2.9%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 70 $16.29 $16.32 $33,940 1.6%
    87808 Roofers 100 $16.96 $16.12 $33,520 4.1%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers (*) $12.91 $15.30 $31,820 2.4%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 90 $16.01 $16.86 $35,080 9.1%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89108 Machinists 110 $15.09 $15.70 $32,660 2.8%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers (*) $17.77 $20.75 $43,150 2.8%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 60 $17.93 $15.91 $33,090 6.4%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 40 $10.66 $10.53 $21,910 1.6%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 40 $9.12 $9.04 $18,810 4.5%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 90 $11.59 $14.71 $30,610 7.8%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $15.94 $16.59 $34,510 6.4%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $9.77 $10.94 $22,760 10.7%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 30 $8.41 $9.33 $19,400 7.0%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 130 $7.94 $8.64 $17,980 4.3%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco (*) $6.40 $6.79 $14,130 4.0%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $12.01 $11.53 $23,970 9.6%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 470 $7.83 $9.73 $20,240 2.8%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 160 $13.04 $13.11 $27,260 1.3%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 440 $8.86 $9.43 $19,620 3.3%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (*) $22.85 $23.23 $48,330 4.5%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 140 $20.98 $21.52 $44,760 5.2%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 990 $13.23 $13.88 $28,870 2.7%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,010 $10.10 $10.94 $22,760 1.9%
    97108 Bus Drivers (*) $13.87 $13.54 $28,170 2.0%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 120 $11.90 $11.60 $24,140 3.8%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 50 $7.91 $10.17 $21,150 4.4%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 180 $10.90 $12.37 $25,720 5.7%
    97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 40 * * $70,730 13.8%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 150 $7.19 $7.41 $15,420 2.6%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 60 $10.77 $11.51 $23,940 2.5%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 70 $16.99 $15.86 $32,990 5.0%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 50 $16.05 $16.95 $35,260 2.0%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 830 $11.98 $14.52 $30,200 9.4%
    97956 Operating Engineers 90 $17.47 $19.33 $40,210 7.5%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 150 $10.85 $13.17 $27,400 1.6%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 120 $10.61 $12.47 $25,930 3.1%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 170 $13.71 $15.45 $32,130 12.6%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 300 $10.88 $10.85 $22,570 5.8%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 60 $10.46 $11.61 $24,160 4.5%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons (*) $13.22 $16.01 $33,300 6.8%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 30 $11.81 $13.36 $27,780 18.8%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 60 $8.60 $8.49 $17,660 4.0%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 130 $12.26 $13.55 $28,180 1.8%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 180 $11.68 $11.41 $23,730 6.7%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (*) $12.86 $13.76 $28,630 4.0%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 310 $8.56 $9.87 $20,520 1.0%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 3,130 $8.02 $8.06 $16,770 3.0%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 400 $6.44 $7.48 $15,560 3.7%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,070 $9.01 $9.83 $20,460 4.2%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001