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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

San Diego, California MSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

San Diego is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in San Diego:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 6,050 $29.00 $29.38 $61,120 1.8%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 1,900 $25.21 $25.73 $53,520 1.2%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 1,560 $20.76 $22.80 $47,420 2.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 4,890 $28.18 $30.86 $64,190 3.8%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 3,650 $20.03 $23.24 $48,330 1.7%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 4,100 $38.62 $36.77 $76,490 3.4%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 3,300 $32.51 $29.16 $60,660 3.4%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 1,690 $25.07 $26.91 $55,970 4.7%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 2,230 $15.35 $18.55 $38,580 9.5%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 1,620 $25.31 $26.79 $55,720 1.6%
    15017 Construction Managers 1,980 $26.67 $26.61 $55,350 2.6%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 920 $22.95 $24.63 $51,230 2.6%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 3,590 $11.31 $12.55 $26,110 7.2%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 180 $12.45 $15.02 $31,230 23.6%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 250 $26.05 $22.70 $47,210 9.3%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 28,350 $33.17 $33.78 $70,260 1.5%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 10,090 $24.87 $26.62 $55,370 2.3%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 600 $18.49 $19.41 $40,380 2.5%
    21105 Credit Analysts 360 $22.60 $23.29 $48,450 4.8%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 2,580 $15.73 $20.04 $41,680 5.7%
    21111 Tax Preparers (*) $11.66 $13.98 $29,070 14.3%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 7,930 $18.71 $20.25 $42,120 3.0%
    21117 Budget Analysts 600 $21.80 $22.93 $47,700 2.4%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 2,720 $18.66 $21.04 $43,750 6.5%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 680 $15.66 $17.78 $36,970 3.3%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 130 $20.62 $19.45 $40,450 3.6%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,700 $19.12 $20.86 $43,390 2.4%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 120 $21.07 $22.74 $47,300 5.9%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 540 $14.88 $16.88 $35,110 3.0%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 2,800 $20.24 $21.53 $44,780 2.1%
    21902 Cost Estimators 1,800 $19.53 $21.63 $45,000 2.3%
    21905 Management Analysts 1,490 $22.86 $24.05 $50,030 3.9%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 720 $23.48 $24.38 $50,710 1.8%
    21917 Assessors 120 $17.49 $20.90 $43,470 11.0%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 390 $16.35 $19.65 $40,870 3.6%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 7,930 $19.07 $20.28 $42,180 1.4%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22102 Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 1,420 $33.62 $30.56 $63,570 4.1%
    22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 180 $32.19 $29.75 $61,870 3.2%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 180 $29.23 $31.19 $64,870 3.0%
    22117 Nuclear Engineers (*) $36.49 $34.68 $72,130 6.4%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 1,740 $30.61 $28.99 $60,290 3.1%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 5,400 $31.97 $29.66 $61,690 3.2%
    22127 Computer Engineers 4,030 $30.80 $29.33 $61,010 1.9%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 850 $28.60 $27.79 $57,800 2.3%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 130 $27.17 $26.45 $55,010 3.5%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 2,570 $29.63 $28.78 $59,860 2.1%
    22138 Marine Engineers (*) $24.96 $23.98 $49,870 5.0%
    22199 All Other Engineers 5,610 $25.58 $24.76 $51,500 9.0%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 970 $28.29 $30.56 $63,570 14.7%
    22308 Landscape Architects (*) $24.11 $25.81 $53,680 5.8%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 670 $31.60 $28.96 $60,240 6.0%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 770 $21.81 $22.87 $47,560 2.7%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 6,590 $17.33 $18.76 $39,020 2.8%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 190 $20.84 $22.19 $46,160 2.4%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,230 $18.07 $18.68 $38,850 2.2%
    22514 Drafters 2,640 $16.97 $17.52 $36,430 2.4%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 530 $19.18 $19.92 $41,430 4.5%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 3,690 $17.96 $19.35 $40,250 4.4%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24102 Physicists and Astronomers 450 $34.89 $32.77 $68,150 6.5%
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 830 $22.13 $23.26 $48,370 2.3%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 250 $28.70 $28.74 $59,770 7.2%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 680 $25.44 $27.20 $56,580 3.8%
    24308 Biological Scientists 1,430 $23.38 $24.64 $51,250 3.4%
    24311 Medical Scientists 510 $22.96 $27.29 $56,750 10.4%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 1,520 $27.35 $28.80 $59,900 10.9%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 620 $15.50 $17.06 $35,480 10.6%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 390 $13.64 $14.15 $29,440 1.3%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 1,240 $13.69 $15.61 $32,460 6.2%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 4,710 $24.93 $26.01 $54,090 2.7%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 980 $23.30 $24.33 $50,600 1.9%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 5,070 $18.45 $20.09 $41,800 1.9%
    25105 Computer Programmers 5,890 $25.00 $26.33 $54,770 2.3%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 810 $14.56 $16.50 $34,310 5.4%
    25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 90 $22.65 $23.41 $48,690 6.4%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 1,350 $25.41 $24.82 $51,630 7.2%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 920 $22.86 $27.94 $58,110 16.4%
    25312 Statisticians 160 $28.77 $27.61 $57,430 5.4%
    25313 Actuaries (*) $34.11 $32.57 $67,740 6.2%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 340 $21.20 $22.65 $47,110 3.4%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 440 $26.00 $25.33 $52,700 2.8%
    27108 Psychologists 1,000 $30.01 $33.23 $69,110 25.9%
    27199 All Other Social Scientists 640 $18.19 $19.55 $40,660 2.8%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 1,270 $13.21 $15.25 $31,720 4.0%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 2,170 $14.44 $16.19 $33,680 5.9%
    27307 Residential Counselors 1,200 $8.72 $8.97 $18,650 3.0%
    27308 Human Services Workers 2,110 $10.65 $11.30 $23,500 5.1%
    27311 Recreation Workers 2,510 $8.74 $10.24 $21,300 4.0%
    27502 Clergy 190 $7.66 $9.75 $20,290 5.5%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 180 $13.51 $13.58 $28,240 5.8%
    27599 All Other Religious Workers 60 $13.17 $11.87 $24,690 11.4%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 3,880 $37.42 $36.08 $75,050 4.1%
    28302 Law Clerks 900 $16.41 $16.76 $34,870 3.3%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 1,300 $18.29 $18.75 $38,990 2.4%
    28308 Title Searchers 100 $12.72 $12.64 $26,290 2.7%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 210 $18.24 $18.82 $39,150 2.7%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 700 $18.75 $18.52 $38,520 15.4%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary (*) * * $48,560 4.0%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 210 * * $64,300 8.0%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $61,180 8.4%
    31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $58,960 5.1%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $52,810 10.7%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 580 * * $58,470 6.7%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 210 * * $53,250 8.3%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 470 * * $53,440 12.4%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 400 * * $48,800 13.4%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $53,930 12.9%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 90 * * $60,960 7.1%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $63,280 5.1%
    31234 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $67,330 8.2%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $56,510 7.0%
    31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $48,420 5.4%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 490 * * $43,260 19.3%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $33,310 17.0%
    31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 90 * * $59,060 11.2%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $53,730 7.4%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $42,560 7.9%
    31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $61,180 7.8%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 5,120 * * $50,240 4.2%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 3,200 $8.02 $8.85 $18,410 3.9%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 1,520 * * $40,800 2.6%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 13,360 * * $42,680 1.9%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 10,670 * * $44,680 2.2%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 3,140 * * $47,700 2.1%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 2,950 $21.73 $21.18 $44,060 5.5%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education (*) $13.00 $15.82 $32,910 5.2%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 2,380 $9.99 $12.30 $25,590 5.4%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 3,760 * * $42,320 4.7%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 860 $16.57 $17.63 $36,660 4.5%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 620 $13.06 $13.14 $27,320 2.2%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 120 $15.79 $16.73 $34,810 2.9%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 110 $12.72 $13.90 $28,910 4.4%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 2,090 $16.70 $19.57 $40,710 8.5%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 990 $18.54 $20.17 $41,950 5.2%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 5,270 $10.05 $9.91 $20,610 2.4%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 4,660 $57.07 $48.81** $101,530** 8.3%
    32105 Dentists 1,120 $47.43 $42.65** $88,710** 11.7%
    32108 Optometrists 390 $33.79 $29.66 $61,690 5.0%
    32113 Chiropractors 80 $27.04 $27.73 $57,670 27.4%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 290 $23.15 $26.92 $55,990 9.0%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 110 $31.24 $29.19 $60,720 5.9%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 510 $18.53 $19.18 $39,900 1.5%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 260 $29.08 $29.32 $60,980 2.3%
    32308 Physical Therapists 690 $30.79 $28.87 $60,060 3.0%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 730 $23.19 $23.69 $49,280 2.3%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 90 $16.54 $17.11 $35,590 7.7%
    32399 All Other Therapists 460 $14.52 $15.99 $33,260 4.0%
    32502 Registered Nurses 12,630 $21.38 $22.01 $45,770 1.7%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 5,790 $14.24 $16.87 $35,080 4.8%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 510 $10.36 $11.15 $23,190 6.3%
    32511 Physician Assistants 270 $29.33 $25.43 $52,900 10.7%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 920 $11.29 $11.81 $24,570 2.6%
    32517 Pharmacists 1,150 $34.93 $31.82 $66,190 2.5%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,180 $11.74 $11.85 $24,640 1.9%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 300 $18.95 $18.61 $38,710 1.5%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 180 $9.67 $10.23 $21,270 7.2%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,320 $20.47 $22.72 $47,260 2.1%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,020 $12.96 $13.93 $28,970 3.3%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 1,420 $32.33 $28.90 $60,120 4.5%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 830 $10.11 $10.52 $21,890 1.7%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 80 $23.52 $24.83 $51,650 3.6%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 920 $17.95 $17.74 $36,900 1.4%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 90 $19.01 $19.84 $41,270 2.4%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 60 $14.78 $15.13 $31,460 3.5%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 500 $14.74 $14.93 $31,060 0.9%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians (*) $6.09 $8.53 $17,740 8.1%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 320 $11.15 $11.11 $23,120 2.6%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 5,650 $13.29 $16.26 $33,810 6.6%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 1,150 $16.49 $18.92 $39,350 4.9%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 720 $19.97 $20.65 $42,950 2.1%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 740 $16.62 $18.55 $38,580 2.6%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 400 $9.43 $15.59 $32,430 26.9%
    34014 Broadcast News Analysts 50 $30.34 $33.24** $69,130** 26.5%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 330 $15.40 $17.65 $36,710 7.3%
    34023 Photographers 670 $10.20 $11.73 $24,410 4.1%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 110 $23.42 $22.31 $46,400 8.7%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 250 $20.14 $19.28 $40,100 11.0%
    34032 Film Editors 50 $16.97 $18.76 $39,010 12.1%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 2,040 $15.50 $16.83 $35,000 5.1%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 1,940 $17.76 $18.86 $39,240 3.9%
    34041 Interior Designers (*) $11.39 $21.05 $43,790 7.9%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 250 $8.51 $9.00 $18,720 4.4%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 150 * * $22,500 8.6%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental 200 * * $24,410 10.0%
    34053 Dancers and Choreographers (*) $11.54 $11.88 $24,720 24.2%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 160 * * $19,130 2.7%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39005 Traffic Technicians 90 $22.74 $23.66 $49,210 2.6%
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 90 $18.30 $21.49 $44,700 13.1%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 12,370 $16.15 $18.23 $37,920 5.6%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 14,950 $15.95 $18.44 $38,350 1.6%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 1,700 $20.10 $27.33 $56,850 17.0%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 540 $27.93 $26.81 $55,770 17.1%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 950 $13.81 $18.77 $39,050 11.6%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 590 $17.08 $20.36 $42,350 9.8%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 1,790 $23.48 $29.49 $61,340 6.3%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 2,410 $17.87 $21.39 $44,500 3.7%
    43021 Travel Agents 1,520 $10.72 $11.37 $23,650 5.0%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 1,220 $16.62 $21.55 $44,830 5.1%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 1,670 $13.28 $16.09 $33,460 4.6%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 660 $29.37 $28.19 $58,640 3.0%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 3,760 $22.30 $26.06 $54,210 2.9%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 8,300 $17.42 $19.76 $41,090 1.9%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 37,310 $7.50 $9.55 $19,870 1.9%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 2,300 $10.87 $12.37 $25,740 3.5%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 3,550 $6.91 $7.90 $16,430 2.4%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 12,530 $8.09 $9.67 $20,110 2.6%
    49023 Cashiers 24,760 $6.97 $8.84 $18,400 2.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 5,290 $7.45 $9.54 $19,840 2.5%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 660 $10.53 $14.45 $30,060 1.6%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 5,930 $10.05 $12.28 $25,550 3.8%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 14,970 $15.61 $16.48 $34,270 1.5%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 5,320 $8.76 $8.85 $18,420 0.9%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 820 $11.58 $12.33 $25,650 2.3%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 90 $17.44 $17.51 $36,410 3.0%
    53117 Credit Checkers 400 $10.62 $11.14 $23,170 3.5%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 2,690 $13.18 $13.08 $27,200 2.1%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 3,000 $11.41 $11.41 $23,740 1.6%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 460 $13.32 $14.52 $30,200 5.8%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 900 $18.38 $20.28 $42,170 6.3%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 100 $20.50 $21.84 $45,420 8.8%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 880 $10.91 $11.56 $24,040 8.2%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 1,120 $10.00 $12.13 $25,230 8.3%
    53505 Investigators, Clerical 70 $8.71 $9.78 $20,350 8.1%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 2,230 $11.18 $11.54 $24,010 1.7%
    53708 License Clerks 50 $14.79 $14.59 $30,340 2.4%
    53802 Travel Clerks 250 $7.99 $9.10 $18,930 2.1%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 1,850 $9.95 $11.93 $24,820 7.8%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 1,980 $7.64 $7.73 $16,070 1.7%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 770 $12.74 $12.64 $26,280 5.7%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 3,860 $9.10 $9.54 $19,840 3.6%
    53908 Advertising Clerks 80 $9.08 $9.88 $20,540 8.0%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 320 $8.56 $9.20 $19,140 2.3%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 230 $9.39 $9.66 $20,100 5.1%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 2,520 $16.18 $16.75 $34,840 7.7%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 1,680 $12.01 $12.10 $25,170 4.5%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 20,880 $12.83 $13.24 $27,530 1.4%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 420 $14.46 $15.07 $31,350 2.5%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 13,640 $9.56 $9.75 $20,290 1.7%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 3,570 $11.62 $11.71 $24,350 2.3%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,580 $12.09 $12.33 $25,650 2.9%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 250 $11.16 $11.24 $23,380 1.2%
    55321 File Clerks 2,520 $8.20 $9.05 $18,830 3.6%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 3,150 $10.50 $11.00 $22,890 1.4%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 480 $11.66 $12.74 $26,490 3.3%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 270 $12.90 $13.21 $27,480 2.3%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 1,000 $8.06 $8.71 $18,120 2.6%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 1,980 $13.73 $14.75 $30,690 5.9%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 15,560 $12.20 $12.73 $26,480 0.9%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,550 $13.38 $13.65 $28,400 3.9%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 3,050 $11.74 $12.04 $25,040 1.3%
    55347 General Office Clerks 29,350 $9.90 $10.44 $21,710 2.8%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 770 $11.50 $12.56 $26,110 3.1%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 850 $8.76 $8.97 $18,660 2.1%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 260 $9.38 $10.09 $20,990 1.2%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,750 $12.39 $12.83 $26,680 1.3%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 370 $11.75 $12.53 $26,070 5.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 2,920 $9.51 $9.69 $20,150 1.4%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 270 $9.07 $8.78 $18,250 1.3%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 1,530 $8.66 $9.10 $18,920 1.7%
    57108 Central Office Operators (*) $14.65 $13.41 $27,900 1.9%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 850 $8.73 $9.32 $19,380 2.5%
    57311 Messengers 940 $7.91 $8.97 $18,670 3.2%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 370 $16.80 $16.41 $34,130 2.3%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,430 $11.48 $12.41 $25,810 2.6%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,710 $12.78 $14.49 $30,130 2.0%
    58011 Transportation Agents 500 $15.94 $14.54 $30,250 4.9%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 280 $16.86 $16.75 $34,850 6.1%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 140 $14.48 $14.50 $30,160 3.8%
    58021 Marking Clerks 270 $7.55 $7.72 $16,050 1.5%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 7,000 $9.56 $10.33 $21,490 2.2%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 1,640 $8.56 $8.92 $18,560 2.2%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 8,180 $10.78 $11.85 $24,660 1.5%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 1,070 $13.37 $13.67 $28,430 1.5%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 6,790 $11.67 $12.19 $25,360 2.1%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 610 $21.24 $21.42 $44,560 2.3%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 830 $8.42 $9.20 $19,140 2.2%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 7,130 $11.02 $12.78 $26,580 2.2%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63002 Fire Inspectors 70 $21.95 $22.92 $47,670 4.1%
    63008 Fire Fighters 2,390 $13.98 $15.31 $31,840 2.5%
    63011 Police Detectives 170 $22.63 $23.22 $48,290 3.6%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 3,670 $19.03 $19.87 $41,340 2.6%
    63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 1,350 $20.27 $19.09 $39,700 2.2%
    63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 150 $13.97 $14.05 $29,210 1.8%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 310 $9.84 $11.84 $24,630 4.6%
    63044 Crossing Guards 70 $7.11 $7.55 $15,710 4.0%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 11,260 $7.49 $8.49 $17,670 2.8%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 2,560 $9.70 $10.91 $22,690 3.3%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 3,060 $6.33 $6.73 $13,990 1.6%
    65005 Bartenders 4,520 $6.36 $6.92 $14,390 2.2%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 18,890 $6.03 $6.32 $13,140 1.2%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 710 $6.09 $6.58 $13,680 2.3%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 4,770 $6.11 $6.53 $13,580 1.5%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 3,130 $6.13 $6.78 $14,110 3.5%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 1,790 $8.11 $9.51 $19,770 2.4%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,470 $11.58 $12.50 $25,990 2.4%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 7,040 $7.48 $8.01 $16,670 1.8%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 1,730 $9.76 $10.20 $21,220 2.0%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 4,870 $5.98 $6.46 $13,430 1.9%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 780 $6.59 $7.18 $14,940 3.3%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 12,940 $6.19 $6.99 $14,550 1.7%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 17,310 $5.97 $6.57 $13,660 1.8%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 2,910 $6.45 $7.02 $14,610 1.2%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 2,700 $12.23 $13.28 $27,620 5.8%
    66005 Medical Assistants 3,130 $9.36 $9.71 $20,190 2.4%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 6,370 $7.87 $8.39 $17,450 2.8%
    66011 Home Health Aides 3,540 $6.70 $7.55 $15,690 3.6%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides (*) $9.66 $9.46 $19,670 5.8%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 590 $10.58 $12.74 $26,500 5.5%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 140 $15.76 $15.85 $32,970 5.1%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 30 $31.56 $28.25 $58,770 6.6%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 960 $10.70 $10.57 $21,990 2.9%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 9,000 $6.61 $7.11 $14,800 1.7%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 17,420 $7.66 $8.52 $17,720 3.3%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 650 $11.16 $11.22 $23,330 3.3%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 2,650 $10.34 $10.92 $22,700 4.6%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,690 $6.58 $7.62 $15,840 3.3%
    68008 Manicurists 740 $6.29 $6.35 $13,210 3.1%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 4,390 $6.04 $6.47 $13,450 2.6%
    68017 Guides 140 $7.84 $8.63 $17,940 1.4%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,230 $6.13 $6.42 $13,350 2.6%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 510 $6.19 $6.59 $13,700 1.5%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 60 $6.66 $7.37 $15,320 3.6%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,360 $6.98 $7.20 $14,970 2.3%
    68038 Child Care Workers 3,440 $7.58 $8.07 $16,780 1.7%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 50 $10.19 $9.38 $19,520 6.3%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 5,140 $7.69 $9.20 $19,140 3.7%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 410 $13.17 $15.44 $32,120 9.1%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 350 $6.01 $6.69 $13,920 4.1%
    79016 Animal Trainers 60 $9.04 $9.56 $19,890 3.0%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 1,470 $7.36 $8.08 $16,800 2.3%
    79021 Farm Equipment Operators (*) $15.28 $15.49 $32,220 3.2%
    79033 Pruners (*) $12.93 $12.93 $26,880 7.0%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 70 $11.26 $11.89 $24,730 4.3%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 12,980 $7.83 $8.91 $18,520 2.2%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 520 $8.20 $8.57 $17,820 3.2%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 720 $5.99 $6.96 $14,480 7.0%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 1,000 $9.08 $10.80 $22,470 2.0%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,920 $19.50 $20.55 $42,750 3.7%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 3,540 $23.38 $24.06 $50,050 1.9%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 3,770 $17.14 $18.25 $37,950 2.5%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 640 $18.79 $18.80 $39,110 4.2%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 980 $14.03 $15.15 $31,510 2.8%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 2,120 $19.75 $20.32 $42,260 1.9%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 1,560 $14.49 $14.61 $30,380 1.7%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 3,080 $10.07 $11.11 $23,110 1.5%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 750 $14.54 $14.61 $30,380 7.2%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,370 $16.51 $16.13 $33,540 0.9%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 310 $12.84 $14.53 $30,230 4.7%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 390 $21.89 $21.07 $43,820 3.9%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 210 $18.04 $18.12 $37,690 2.2%
    85123 Millwrights (*) $18.89 $20.04 $41,680 5.7%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 280 $15.60 $15.65 $32,560 1.7%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 9,720 $10.70 $11.64 $24,200 1.7%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 6,460 $14.47 $15.17 $31,560 3.2%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 1,950 $12.14 $13.28 $27,630 4.8%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 70 $13.55 $14.99 $31,170 5.3%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,520 $17.61 $18.52 $38,520 4.3%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 470 $18.19 $19.38 $40,320 3.3%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 170 $10.67 $11.96 $24,870 1.9%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers (*) $22.43 $21.75 $45,240 3.2%
    85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office (*) $19.62 $19.64 $40,860 3.0%
    85514 Radio Mechanics 30 $10.73 $11.23 $23,360 7.6%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (*) $21.66 $20.88 $43,440 5.2%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 1,320 $17.52 $16.86 $35,060 3.8%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 890 $11.98 $13.31 $27,680 3.7%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 300 $11.76 $13.24 $27,540 3.3%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 140 $11.66 $12.82 $26,670 4.0%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 40 $16.30 $15.91 $33,100 6.2%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 840 $17.10 $16.51 $34,350 2.5%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 570 $28.44 $26.77 $55,680 4.9%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (*) $13.27 $14.78 $30,730 1.3%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,330 $16.31 $16.15 $33,600 2.0%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 110 $19.32 $17.87 $37,170 16.1%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 100 $12.79 $13.23 $27,510 4.2%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 350 $12.62 $12.93 $26,900 1.1%
    85935 Riggers 320 $17.78 $17.40 $36,200 6.0%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 110 $13.60 $13.58 $28,240 6.4%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 210 $13.25 $13.09 $27,230 3.7%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers 30 $7.41 $7.72 $16,060 2.7%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 1,030 $6.72 $8.18 $17,010 6.8%
    85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 40 $7.67 $8.54 $17,760 2.6%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,080 $13.09 $13.65 $28,400 1.8%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 12,100 $16.65 $17.06 $35,490 2.8%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 350 $12.93 $12.82 $26,670 3.0%
    87108 Drywall Installers 1,870 $16.15 $15.79 $32,840 7.7%
    87111 Tapers 870 $14.29 $14.24 $29,620 3.9%
    87114 Lathers 490 $19.16 $20.79 $43,230 6.1%
    87202 Electricians 5,640 $17.29 $17.56 $36,530 4.0%
    87302 Brickmasons (*) $18.38 $18.42 $38,300 5.5%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters 170 $18.92 $19.91 $41,420 11.2%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 3,350 $16.61 $16.47 $34,270 3.1%
    87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 160 $19.88 $18.90 $39,310 5.7%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 690 $15.20 $15.57 $32,380 6.1%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 3,350 $14.38 $14.46 $30,070 3.5%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 4,500 $16.42 $17.90 $37,230 5.7%
    87508 Pipelayers 170 $15.26 $15.35 $31,930 8.4%
    87602 Carpet Installers 600 $15.04 $15.78 $32,810 5.3%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 110 $16.75 $15.76 $32,780 2.3%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 570 $16.16 $17.67 $36,760 4.2%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 410 $14.51 $14.53 $30,230 4.2%
    87802 Insulation Workers 170 $12.51 $14.29 $29,730 3.1%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 270 $14.40 $15.07 $31,350 2.3%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 150 $12.79 $13.55 $28,190 2.0%
    87808 Roofers 1,660 $13.40 $13.53 $28,140 6.2%
    87811 Glaziers 760 $15.80 $15.68 $32,610 7.6%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 760 $14.54 $16.53 $34,370 11.5%
    87817 Fence Erectors (*) $12.04 $12.92 $26,870 3.3%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers (*) $6.66 $10.68 $22,210 2.5%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas (*) $18.44 $18.79 $39,090 5.8%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 1,310 $15.15 $15.83 $32,930 6.4%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 750 $19.78 $19.06 $39,640 2.1%
    89108 Machinists 4,440 $15.85 $15.41 $32,060 1.6%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 120 $9.59 $11.16 $23,220 5.0%
    89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 50 $12.36 $12.90 $26,830 1.6%
    89121 Shipfitters 550 $12.93 $12.83 $26,690 2.0%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 260 $8.28 $10.51 $21,860 8.5%
    89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 30 $11.10 $10.91 $22,700 2.0%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 1,790 $16.10 $16.13 $33,550 2.8%
    89135 Boilermakers 40 $13.00 $13.67 $28,420 2.6%
    89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers (*) $13.63 $13.14 $27,330 1.6%
    89308 Wood Machinists 250 $7.73 $8.55 $17,790 3.2%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 1,300 $11.16 $11.52 $23,970 2.2%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 310 $7.72 $8.52 $17,730 3.4%
    89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 60 $8.61 $9.79 $20,360 6.8%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 350 $8.95 $9.42 $19,590 3.5%
    89508 Upholsterers 250 $9.21 $9.63 $20,020 4.5%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision (*) $8.88 $8.94 $18,590 5.6%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 130 $10.00 $10.15 $21,110 6.3%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 210 $7.03 $7.39 $15,380 8.2%
    89705 Job Printers (*) $12.28 $12.59 $26,180 3.9%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 230 $14.63 $14.84 $30,860 2.7%
    89713 Camera Operators 40 $11.93 $13.23 $27,510 10.2%
    89715 Scanner Operators 50 $18.16 $18.15 $37,750 2.3%
    89717 Strippers 260 $13.89 $14.06 $29,230 4.2%
    89718 Platemakers 110 $11.41 $13.19 $27,430 5.4%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 180 $7.70 $8.09 $16,820 2.6%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 90 $6.85 $7.47 $15,540 1.9%
    89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 40 $10.87 $10.17 $21,140 3.0%
    89908 Precision Patternmakers, Model Makers, Lay-Out Workers, and Cutters 100 $9.10 $13.17 $27,390 6.8%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 70 $13.02 $14.28 $29,710 2.4%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 300 $9.24 $11.42 $23,760 11.1%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 560 $13.53 $15.79 $32,840 8.4%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 650 $9.62 $11.14 $23,170 1.4%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $9.67 $10.57 $21,990 2.3%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 260 $12.39 $12.97 $26,970 5.9%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 190 $9.35 $10.53 $21,890 4.0%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 290 $11.86 $12.36 $25,720 3.2%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 330 $10.21 $10.61 $22,060 1.3%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 270 $8.57 $9.51 $19,780 5.0%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 160 $9.46 $10.06 $20,930 2.0%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 230 $12.02 $12.61 $26,230 1.7%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $10.70 $11.00 $22,870 2.5%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $11.37 $12.75 $26,510 4.3%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 500 $9.15 $9.95 $20,690 3.4%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 860 $10.04 $11.30 $23,500 4.7%
    91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 220 $17.09 $17.05 $35,460 2.5%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 200 $9.31 $9.95 $20,700 1.9%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 110 $14.58 $14.09 $29,310 1.3%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 260 $13.73 $13.09 $27,220 1.9%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 190 $10.11 $11.11 $23,120 3.3%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,060 $9.98 $10.55 $21,930 3.1%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 530 $7.90 $9.19 $19,110 5.1%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 200 $8.38 $8.96 $18,640 3.3%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 320 $9.85 $10.49 $21,830 3.2%
    91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $10.22 $11.94 $24,830 3.6%
    91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 $10.93 $11.43 $23,780 3.3%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 120 $8.11 $9.05 $18,820 2.5%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 460 $9.01 $10.32 $21,470 1.1%
    92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 30 $8.50 $8.50 $17,680 3.1%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 90 $9.01 $9.49 $19,740 2.7%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 40 $8.36 $8.86 $18,430 3.1%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 60 $8.46 $9.39 $19,530 4.9%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 460 $14.95 $16.22 $33,740 3.7%
    92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $11.85 $12.98 $27,000 8.0%
    92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $13.60 $13.46 $27,990 2.8%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,020 $7.72 $8.06 $16,760 1.9%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 230 $11.21 $11.37 $23,660 5.2%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $10.89 $12.10 $25,170 2.1%
    92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $11.70 $12.00 $24,960 2.5%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 1,120 $13.01 $13.46 $28,000 2.2%
    92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $8.84 $8.97 $18,650 5.2%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 350 $9.61 $9.69 $20,160 2.6%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $7.87 $8.18 $17,020 1.6%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 310 $6.03 $6.67 $13,880 3.8%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,980 $7.32 $7.58 $15,760 1.7%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 1,050 $7.22 $7.50 $15,610 1.2%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 1,260 $6.70 $7.65 $15,900 3.9%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 600 $7.24 $7.55 $15,710 1.7%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 50 $6.18 $8.09 $16,820 14.8%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 320 $11.07 $11.03 $22,940 6.5%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 210 $9.76 $11.33 $23,560 8.6%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 30 $9.23 $9.95 $20,700 5.0%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 40 $12.46 $12.64 $26,290 1.6%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 140 $8.17 $9.55 $19,850 2.5%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 210 $8.94 $9.78 $20,350 3.0%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 390 $11.20 $12.47 $25,940 5.8%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 210 $9.00 $10.27 $21,370 1.9%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 390 $9.72 $10.63 $22,110 1.0%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 100 $8.31 $9.22 $19,170 7.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 280 $9.33 $9.97 $20,730 3.9%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 140 $8.22 $9.54 $19,840 1.4%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,680 $8.14 $8.60 $17,880 1.9%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 660 $8.62 $9.68 $20,130 2.2%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 2,210 $7.71 $8.69 $18,080 1.8%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 270 $10.25 $11.15 $23,190 1.9%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 50 $9.81 $12.53 $26,050 5.5%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 570 $9.02 $9.92 $20,630 7.1%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 3,270 $9.97 $10.35 $21,520 4.3%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 510 $10.54 $10.81 $22,490 4.1%
    93902 Machine Assemblers 510 $12.24 $11.75 $24,450 4.7%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 3,620 $8.64 $9.39 $19,540 2.7%
    93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 100 $7.78 $8.27 $17,200 1.8%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 2,490 $13.86 $14.16 $29,450 3.7%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers 630 $7.99 $8.24 $17,130 1.9%
    93921 Pressers, Hand 90 $8.03 $8.08 $16,810 5.2%
    93923 Sewers, Hand 210 $7.66 $7.85 $16,330 2.7%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 330 $7.27 $7.84 $16,310 1.8%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 200 $9.08 $9.65 $20,070 2.2%
    93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand 100 $6.14 $8.48 $17,630 11.6%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 820 $8.78 $9.88 $20,540 3.0%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 10,440 $7.94 $8.67 $18,030 2.6%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 6,930 $7.50 $8.05 $16,750 2.2%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 830 $20.75 $20.32 $42,260 4.8%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers (*) $32.56 $28.52 $59,320 6.2%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 160 $19.67 $19.78 $41,150 1.8%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 680 $8.15 $10.94 $22,760 8.9%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 4,960 $14.02 $14.33 $29,810 1.6%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 12,220 $8.54 $9.61 $20,000 2.9%
    97108 Bus Drivers 2,360 $13.09 $12.44 $25,880 6.1%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 1,380 $11.92 $10.98 $22,830 3.2%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 490 $6.33 $7.85 $16,330 8.8%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 2,560 $6.21 $8.94 $18,590 3.7%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 540 $12.95 $12.94 $26,910 3.5%
    97502 Captains, Water Vessel (*) $12.65 $14.24 $29,620 6.8%
    97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge (*) $8.70 $10.70 $22,270 2.1%
    97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 190 * * $49,580 3.4%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 720 $7.58 $8.23 $17,130 2.4%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 1,720 $6.51 $6.91 $14,370 7.0%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 1,000 $13.48 $13.47 $28,010 4.3%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 320 $16.99 $19.36 $40,270 6.6%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 450 $32.10 $27.45 $57,090 4.4%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 110 $17.90 $19.15 $39,830 4.8%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,360 $11.14 $11.88 $24,720 3.9%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 50 $10.36 $11.16 $23,200 3.7%
    97956 Operating Engineers 1,170 $23.27 $23.55 $48,980 6.7%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,000 $12.20 $15.26 $31,740 17.0%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 270 $11.95 $13.27 $27,600 2.9%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 2,540 $8.08 $9.66 $20,090 4.3%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 360 $12.25 $13.02 $27,080 6.8%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 3,150 $10.37 $10.08 $20,970 3.4%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 740 $10.23 $11.43 $23,770 9.9%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 620 $9.19 $9.53 $19,820 7.3%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 700 $11.35 $11.63 $24,180 3.4%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 300 $7.73 $7.95 $16,540 2.8%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 2,010 $9.90 $11.66 $24,260 3.4%
    98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 90 $8.36 $12.14 $25,260 26.7%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 980 $7.44 $8.01 $16,660 2.0%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,000 $12.45 $12.44 $25,880 2.6%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,390 $8.95 $9.27 $19,290 1.4%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 6,600 $6.70 $7.30 $15,190 1.6%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 3,190 $6.52 $7.31 $15,210 2.2%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 11,780 $8.85 $9.84 $20,470 2.0%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001