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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia-Maryland-Virginia-West Virginia) PMSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

The Washington, D.C. primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) includes the District of Columbia and parts of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Occupational divisions in Washington, D.C.:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 15,640 $29.96 $29.90 $62,200 1.6%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 6,110 $26.85 $26.64 $55,410 2.6%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 3,040 $21.38 $23.86 $49,630 1.5%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 12,630 $28.55 $29.35 $61,060 1.2%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 10,350 $23.14 $25.34 $52,700 1.3%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 14,240 $36.83 $35.07 $72,950 1.6%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 250 $23.16 $24.39 $50,740 1.9%
    15005 Education Administrators 7,480 $28.09 $26.60 $55,330 3.4%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 3,330 $27.52 $27.74 $57,690 2.3%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 4,570 $19.15 $22.90 $47,630 5.4%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 1,400 $30.24 $29.99 $62,390 3.4%
    15017 Construction Managers 6,280 $25.88 $26.95 $56,050 1.8%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 4,780 $29.92 $28.92 $60,160 2.3%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 8,400 $14.35 $16.23 $33,750 3.2%
    15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 50 $11.68 $13.72 $28,530 9.2%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 380 $13.91 $15.62 $32,490 3.7%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 1,130 $20.98 $19.95 $41,500 10.0%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 84,400 $34.04 $33.64 $69,960 1.2%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 35,650 $29.04 $28.86 $60,040 1.0%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 1,270 $19.72 $21.47 $44,650 5.3%
    21105 Credit Analysts 700 $18.27 $18.72 $38,950 2.3%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 5,780 $20.05 $23.10 $48,040 3.6%
    21111 Tax Preparers 1,210 $16.01 $20.44 $42,520 9.2%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 25,230 $21.08 $23.41 $48,700 1.9%
    21117 Budget Analysts 5,340 $26.70 $26.74 $55,610 2.9%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 6,480 $18.65 $21.82 $45,390 1.7%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,780 $16.21 $18.32 $38,100 5.0%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 120 $13.57 $15.00 $31,190 3.1%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 8,210 $25.39 $25.38 $52,790 2.6%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 790 $16.02 $16.66 $34,650 4.1%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 1,700 $18.28 $20.52 $42,690 7.3%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 15,530 $23.50 $24.11 $50,140 2.9%
    21902 Cost Estimators 3,570 $21.15 $23.47 $48,810 5.8%
    21905 Management Analysts 24,090 $29.30 $27.98 $58,200 3.2%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 2,110 $19.29 $19.89 $41,370 2.2%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 5,030 $23.69 $24.29 $50,530 3.4%
    21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 860 $22.93 $23.01 $47,860 3.7%
    21917 Assessors 140 $22.95 $23.16 $48,180 7.6%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 710 $16.41 $19.42 $40,400 3.7%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 24,880 $19.95 $23.20 $48,260 1.7%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22102 Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 1,760 $33.70 $31.30 $65,110 3.5%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 670 $31.40 $29.25 $60,840 2.2%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 4,890 $26.67 $27.27 $56,710 2.3%
    22123 Agricultural Engineers 180 $32.26 $31.41 $65,330 4.6%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 12,390 $31.69 $30.27 $62,950 2.1%
    22127 Computer Engineers 19,110 $30.21 $28.83 $59,960 1.7%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 1,190 $28.30 $27.26 $56,700 1.4%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 820 $24.04 $27.11 $56,390 2.4%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 4,230 $28.84 $27.92 $58,060 2.0%
    22138 Marine Engineers 210 $26.65 $26.83 $55,820 4.3%
    22199 All Other Engineers 11,970 $32.53 $30.74 $63,930 1.5%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 3,210 $20.96 $22.52 $46,840 12.3%
    22305 Marine Architects 350 $35.81 $33.89 $70,490 3.7%
    22308 Landscape Architects 430 $19.55 $21.05 $43,780 6.4%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 1,270 $22.22 $23.34 $48,540 3.3%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,690 $16.86 $17.03 $35,410 7.3%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 8,120 $18.46 $19.55 $40,660 1.9%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 230 $23.92 $24.04 $50,010 4.0%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,430 $19.43 $20.86 $43,380 3.1%
    22514 Drafters 4,860 $15.59 $16.52 $34,360 1.7%
    22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 110 $23.39 $23.93 $49,760 2.9%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,580 $13.58 $14.03 $29,190 2.7%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 5,590 $20.26 $21.29 $44,280 1.5%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24102 Physicists and Astronomers 1,740 $36.36 $34.71 $72,210 2.4%
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 2,750 $31.49 $29.84 $62,080 3.6%
    24108 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 890 $30.82 $29.72 $61,820 3.9%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 1,220 $30.29 $29.28 $60,900 2.9%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 4,820 $34.18 $32.24 $67,070 2.7%
    24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 230 $34.23 $32.78 $68,170 4.7%
    24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 490 $27.75 $27.80 $57,830 3.5%
    24308 Biological Scientists 5,580 $28.13 $27.85 $57,930 2.9%
    24311 Medical Scientists 1,060 $31.55 $30.27 $62,950 3.8%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 1,270 $19.60 $22.65 $47,110 6.4%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 1,590 $14.36 $15.27 $31,750 1.0%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 560 $13.58 $14.49 $30,130 2.7%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 2,700 $14.53 $15.79 $32,850 4.0%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 42,730 $30.66 $29.40 $61,140 3.8%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 4,320 $22.63 $24.46 $50,870 1.8%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 18,010 $18.21 $19.57 $40,700 1.1%
    25105 Computer Programmers 30,130 $22.80 $24.57 $51,100 1.8%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 4,570 $14.57 $15.43 $32,100 2.4%
    25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 30 $19.54 $20.37 $42,370 3.9%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 4,410 $29.56 $28.84 $59,980 2.6%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 3,620 $27.10 $26.73 $55,590 2.5%
    25310 Mathematical Scientists 80 $23.05 $23.53 $48,950 3.9%
    25312 Statisticians 3,410 $30.90 $28.85 $60,010 3.7%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 1,700 $24.61 $26.76 $55,660 5.3%
    25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists 550 $33.47 $31.60 $65,730 3.4%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 1,250 $25.41 $26.93 $56,010 2.8%
    27108 Psychologists 2,580 $23.29 $24.74 $51,460 2.4%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 3,450 $17.35 $17.66 $36,730 2.1%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 3,980 $16.94 $17.83 $37,090 3.1%
    27307 Residential Counselors 4,390 $9.50 $9.84 $20,460 2.5%
    27308 Human Services Workers 3,080 $11.67 $12.32 $25,630 2.5%
    27311 Recreation Workers 3,470 $8.93 $10.39 $21,620 3.9%
    27502 Clergy 330 $10.64 $13.30 $27,660 3.4%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 370 $13.39 $15.45 $32,130 10.4%
    27599 All Other Religious Workers 250 $8.91 $10.24 $21,290 8.2%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 28,620 $42.22 $39.98 $83,150 3.1%
    28302 Law Clerks 3,460 $14.92 $16.14 $33,560 3.4%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 7,120 $17.42 $18.73 $38,960 1.6%
    28308 Title Searchers 140 $13.34 $19.59 $40,740 18.0%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 450 $12.38 $14.43 $30,010 11.3%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 840 $16.62 $18.58 $38,650 4.5%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31111 Lecturers (*) $11.84 $17.39 $36,160 18.6%
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary (*) * * $47,090 2.8%
    31117 Graduate Assistants, Teaching 1,690 * * $19,520 9.2%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 520 * * $47,620 4.1%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 320 * * $45,460 6.8%
    31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 200 * * $54,740 3.1%
    31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 180 * * $49,280 5.2%
    31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $46,070 5.0%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 140 * * $42,870 2.7%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 780 * * $40,850 3.7%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 650 * * $39,210 4.4%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 740 * * $42,800 3.7%
    31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 420 * * $60,500 4.2%
    31223 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 190 * * $51,430 3.1%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 660 * * $41,820 3.4%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 460 * * $44,290 6.2%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 280 * * $48,860 2.8%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 270 * * $55,960 3.7%
    31234 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $50,720 6.5%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 290 * * $47,700 3.2%
    31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $47,840 4.4%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 310 * * $46,840 3.3%
    31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $54,450 3.6%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 850 * * $46,540 5.7%
    31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 240 * * $66,380 9.4%
    31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $45,090 2.3%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 510 * * $40,530 5.8%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 280 * * $46,650 2.6%
    31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $46,970 3.0%
    31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $45,920 4.8%
    31262 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $42,370 3.1%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 2,330 * * $38,050 7.8%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 6,780 $9.51 $11.14 $23,180 4.3%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 3,200 * * $38,170 5.3%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 24,830 * * $39,670 4.5%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 23,320 * * $43,940 1.9%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 10,280 * * $42,110 2.9%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 8,760 $18.09 $19.15 $39,820 2.8%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 2,020 $13.54 $16.33 $33,970 6.3%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 5,750 $13.36 $14.52 $30,190 5.9%
    31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors (*) $19.27 $20.76 $43,190 5.2%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 8,180 * * $36,160 4.3%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 4,500 $21.14 $22.17 $46,120 1.9%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 1,970 $13.62 $13.84 $28,790 2.1%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 1,670 $22.01 $23.11 $48,060 3.5%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 3,880 $18.63 $19.74 $41,060 4.9%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 3,360 $21.36 $23.15 $48,150 2.6%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 13,490 $8.59 $8.97 $18,650 4.0%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 12,250 $53.84 $43.91** $91,330** 5.0%
    32105 Dentists 1,810 $55.53 $44.57** $92,710** 6.2%
    32108 Optometrists 350 $38.81 $36.43 $75,780 8.7%
    32111 Podiatrists 150 $44.13 $39.18 $81,480 9.7%
    32113 Chiropractors 150 $41.06 $36.73** $76,390** 23.6%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 790 $29.07 $29.76 $61,900 3.5%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 380 $6.67 $12.95 $26,940 4.9%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 1,250 $17.77 $17.96 $37,350 1.7%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 900 $24.18 $25.09 $52,180 1.9%
    32308 Physical Therapists 1,960 $28.34 $26.84 $55,830 1.7%
    32311 Corrective and Manual Arts Therapists 30 $19.56 $20.38 $42,380 9.7%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 1,380 $22.60 $24.47 $50,900 2.3%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 390 $13.68 $14.57 $30,300 1.5%
    32399 All Other Therapists 940 $13.95 $16.19 $33,670 5.7%
    32502 Registered Nurses 32,480 $21.42 $21.88 $45,520 1.4%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 8,500 $15.14 $15.50 $32,240 1.3%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 2,300 $10.51 $11.31 $23,530 2.7%
    32511 Physician Assistants 1,140 $20.21 $21.12 $43,940 3.8%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 1,190 $12.99 $13.71 $28,510 3.9%
    32517 Pharmacists 2,910 $32.30 $29.16 $60,640 1.7%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 3,760 $9.61 $9.54 $19,850 1.2%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 660 $18.97 $19.76 $41,090 1.9%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 700 $7.36 $7.92 $16,480 3.6%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 3,430 $17.55 $17.96 $37,350 2.0%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 2,630 $13.59 $14.20 $29,530 2.6%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 2,560 $31.44 $28.10 $58,440 3.9%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 1,540 $11.64 $11.98 $24,920 1.5%
    32913 Radiation Therapists 160 $17.06 $17.25 $35,870 8.5%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 220 $19.31 $19.73 $41,030 1.4%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 2,580 $17.37 $17.33 $36,050 2.4%
    32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 60 $16.96 $17.75 $36,910 3.0%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 320 $20.11 $19.19 $39,920 2.0%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 240 $14.33 $16.53 $34,380 7.0%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 820 $12.53 $12.51 $26,030 4.3%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians 780 $10.60 $10.95 $22,770 4.7%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 940 $10.34 $10.24 $21,300 1.6%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 9,560 $16.44 $21.51 $44,740 6.2%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 8,160 $19.78 $21.98 $45,730 2.4%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 3,010 $19.24 $20.75 $43,160 1.7%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 5,240 $23.11 $25.78 $53,620 3.2%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 2,870 $19.38 $22.29 $46,360 5.7%
    34014 Broadcast News Analysts 200 $17.65 $18.31 $38,090 6.4%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 570 $8.88 $13.05 $27,150 8.9%
    34023 Photographers 1,480 $14.16 $15.83 $32,920 4.0%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 190 $9.30 $11.78 $24,500 9.7%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 930 $17.55 $18.35 $38,160 6.0%
    34032 Film Editors 310 $17.08 $19.73 $41,050 7.0%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 3,380 $16.20 $17.09 $35,540 1.5%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 4,830 $16.55 $18.49 $38,470 2.3%
    34041 Interior Designers 480 $16.63 $17.19 $35,760 6.8%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 400 $9.32 $9.93 $20,650 3.0%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 200 * * $24,330 10.4%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental 860 * * $29,630 13.6%
    34053 Dancers and Choreographers 310 $6.18 $10.88 $22,630 7.6%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 2,100 * * $35,700 4.1%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 660 * * $36,540 28.8%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39005 Traffic Technicians 430 $25.10 $25.70 $53,450 3.5%
    39008 Radio Operators 40 $7.01 $9.34 $19,430 10.4%
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 230 $18.38 $20.53 $42,700 8.6%
    39014 Embalmers 40 $11.64 $11.55 $24,020 5.4%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 48,250 $22.91 $23.80 $49,500 2.1%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 31,620 $14.91 $17.86 $37,150 1.2%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 4,980 $16.14 $20.87 $43,420 5.1%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 840 $15.60 $21.66 $45,060 13.2%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 2,580 $14.07 $17.52 $36,440 4.1%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 480 $17.22 $19.56 $40,680 4.5%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 3,830 $23.55 $29.53 $61,420 5.0%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 7,350 $18.39 $20.74 $43,140 2.3%
    43021 Travel Agents 3,070 $12.60 $12.97 $26,990 2.5%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 2,200 $16.01 $18.67 $38,830 4.4%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 2,790 $14.45 $16.94 $35,230 4.4%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 8,910 $24.13 $26.00 $54,070 3.2%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 13,380 $18.90 $21.34 $44,390 1.6%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 79,330 $7.93 $9.31 $19,370 1.2%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 3,500 $12.17 $12.94 $26,920 3.3%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 7,870 $7.36 $8.06 $16,760 1.8%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 17,010 $8.38 $9.31 $19,360 2.6%
    49023 Cashiers 50,460 $7.25 $8.12 $16,890 1.2%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 8,140 $8.89 $9.49 $19,740 3.9%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 380 $8.90 $11.23 $23,360 4.3%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 9,650 $9.36 $12.21 $25,390 2.4%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 39,200 $17.22 $19.96 $41,510 2.0%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 9,100 $9.45 $9.44 $19,630 1.4%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 1,950 $10.50 $10.69 $22,230 2.3%
    53108 Transit Clerks (*) $7.87 $8.07 $16,780 3.4%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 890 $9.92 $10.77 $22,400 3.2%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 470 $11.23 $11.75 $24,430 1.5%
    53117 Credit Checkers 870 $10.00 $11.15 $23,200 3.5%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 3,390 $12.16 $12.56 $26,130 1.6%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 9,950 $10.70 $11.22 $23,340 2.0%
    53126 Statement Clerks 420 $9.02 $9.46 $19,670 3.4%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 1,010 $12.19 $12.70 $26,420 5.1%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 3,100 $16.72 $18.97 $39,450 5.5%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 300 $18.26 $18.96 $39,440 4.2%
    53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 140 $12.57 $14.69 $30,540 3.9%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 2,230 $12.10 $12.85 $26,730 1.8%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 1,650 $12.43 $12.98 $27,000 3.2%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 850 $18.06 $18.46 $38,390 1.9%
    53505 Investigators, Clerical 120 $11.75 $12.99 $27,020 4.4%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 4,110 $12.32 $12.89 $26,820 2.4%
    53702 Court Clerks (*) $11.39 $12.02 $24,990 6.3%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 100 $19.72 $18.63 $38,740 6.9%
    53708 License Clerks 400 $12.68 $12.67 $26,360 2.1%
    53802 Travel Clerks 510 $9.32 $10.35 $21,540 2.9%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 3,050 $7.94 $8.16 $16,970 1.1%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 2,830 $8.99 $9.66 $20,080 2.4%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 6,660 $8.00 $8.19 $17,030 3.2%
    53908 Advertising Clerks 270 $9.06 $9.73 $20,230 2.0%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 550 $11.42 $11.72 $24,390 2.8%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 1,210 $9.40 $9.82 $20,420 6.3%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 10,210 $19.15 $18.97 $39,450 2.0%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 3,780 $11.58 $11.73 $24,400 2.9%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 67,190 $13.66 $14.00 $29,110 0.5%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 1,000 $14.30 $14.66 $30,490 2.2%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 31,250 $9.83 $9.95 $20,700 0.8%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 9,460 $11.60 $12.32 $25,630 1.2%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 4,620 $14.02 $14.40 $29,960 1.2%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 560 $12.07 $13.01 $27,060 2.5%
    55321 File Clerks 5,270 $9.33 $9.55 $19,870 1.3%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 5,630 $10.85 $11.49 $23,910 1.8%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 1,590 $12.62 $12.77 $26,560 2.2%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 1,620 $13.89 $13.93 $28,970 3.2%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 2,610 $10.34 $10.48 $21,790 1.5%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 3,420 $14.91 $14.88 $30,940 3.5%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 31,770 $13.21 $13.99 $29,100 0.7%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 3,230 $13.46 $13.52 $28,120 1.0%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 4,860 $12.45 $12.56 $26,130 1.6%
    55347 General Office Clerks 65,480 $11.52 $14.49 $30,140 1.5%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 1,180 $10.75 $11.23 $23,360 2.3%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 2,140 $10.27 $10.13 $21,060 3.7%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 2,190 $9.04 $10.02 $20,840 3.0%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 7,750 $12.03 $12.78 $26,570 1.0%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 850 $11.67 $12.30 $25,580 3.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 10,720 $9.97 $10.28 $21,380 1.8%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 530 $10.95 $11.69 $24,310 3.6%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 1,290 $10.68 $10.87 $22,620 1.4%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 4,190 $9.86 $9.96 $20,710 0.9%
    57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 790 $14.76 $14.67 $30,510 2.6%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 3,770 $10.38 $10.48 $21,790 1.5%
    57305 Postal Mail Carriers 7,460 $16.77 $16.47 $34,250 1.1%
    57308 Postal Service Clerks 2,690 $16.84 $16.38 $34,070 1.5%
    57311 Messengers 1,590 $9.86 $9.69 $20,160 1.7%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,160 $12.48 $12.73 $26,480 2.7%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 2,520 $12.04 $12.61 $26,230 1.7%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 3,040 $15.68 $15.83 $32,930 1.2%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 660 $15.46 $14.72 $30,610 2.2%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 630 $11.31 $13.15 $27,360 23.1%
    58021 Marking Clerks 200 $7.89 $8.12 $16,890 1.9%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 11,910 $10.02 $10.84 $22,550 1.8%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 1,940 $8.28 $9.42 $19,590 5.6%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 13,890 $13.98 $13.13 $27,310 1.2%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 2,190 $11.50 $13.18 $27,410 2.3%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 31,370 $13.24 $13.41 $27,880 2.5%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 1,490 $25.21 $25.86 $53,780 4.0%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 3,760 $29.96 $28.18 $58,610 3.3%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 2,510 $11.16 $12.23 $25,450 1.8%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 12,770 $12.39 $13.44 $27,960 1.7%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63002 Fire Inspectors (*) $16.56 $17.73 $36,880 9.1%
    63008 Fire Fighters 3,950 $18.45 $18.49 $38,470 2.8%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 14,550 $20.54 $20.58 $42,800 1.8%
    63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 4,930 $15.93 $15.73 $32,710 1.8%
    63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 140 $9.81 $11.32 $23,550 5.7%
    63023 Bailiffs 50 $11.01 $11.88 $24,710 6.4%
    63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 1,260 $13.95 $16.12 $33,520 5.7%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 530 $10.43 $14.27 $29,680 14.4%
    63041 Fish and Game Wardens 50 $16.63 $18.17 $37,800 5.2%
    63044 Crossing Guards 810 $11.41 $11.06 $23,000 2.7%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 25,080 $9.75 $10.24 $21,300 2.1%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 3,010 $8.46 $11.05 $22,980 6.2%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 5,380 $7.64 $7.88 $16,380 2.9%
    65005 Bartenders 6,210 $6.39 $7.16 $14,890 1.8%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 34,240 $6.09 $6.85 $14,250 2.2%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 1,690 $7.51 $8.21 $17,070 3.2%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 8,350 $6.21 $6.88 $14,300 1.5%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 5,770 $7.31 $7.62 $15,850 2.1%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 3,360 $9.48 $10.28 $21,390 1.9%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 2,130 $15.11 $14.74 $30,650 2.5%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 14,010 $9.31 $9.71 $20,200 1.7%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 3,900 $9.71 $10.01 $20,820 2.0%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 7,790 $6.01 $6.29 $13,090 2.6%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 3,570 $7.18 $7.54 $15,690 3.7%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 19,410 $7.55 $7.93 $16,500 1.4%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 24,430 $6.18 $6.84 $14,230 1.5%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 5,700 $7.71 $8.71 $18,120 1.5%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 3,830 $13.63 $13.60 $28,290 2.1%
    66005 Medical Assistants 4,320 $11.47 $11.77 $24,480 3.0%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 15,640 $8.26 $8.58 $17,850 0.9%
    66011 Home Health Aides 7,020 $7.74 $8.12 $16,890 1.5%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides 140 $9.81 $10.48 $21,800 7.9%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 1,340 $8.62 $9.75 $20,280 4.7%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 240 $10.76 $11.23 $23,350 2.9%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 210 $7.82 $8.37 $17,420 2.5%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 2,460 $10.96 $11.28 $23,450 2.4%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 18,430 $7.70 $8.04 $16,720 1.4%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 48,600 $7.79 $8.41 $17,490 1.6%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 1,050 $10.79 $10.95 $22,780 10.2%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 3,080 $9.19 $9.88 $20,540 4.5%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68002 Barbers 210 $12.96 $17.71 $36,830 26.4%
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 8,350 $9.42 $10.92 $22,710 6.4%
    68008 Manicurists 1,190 $8.09 $9.17 $19,070 6.9%
    68011 Shampooers 1,170 $6.33 $6.98 $14,510 3.2%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 3,920 $6.48 $6.89 $14,340 2.4%
    68017 Guides 600 $6.14 $7.36 $15,300 17.0%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,810 $7.05 $7.21 $15,000 2.0%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 870 $6.59 $7.05 $14,670 1.3%
    68026 Flight Attendants 2,590 * * $45,140 10.1%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 130 $7.72 $8.64 $17,970 4.0%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 2,690 $6.92 $7.15 $14,880 4.7%
    68038 Child Care Workers 7,140 $7.37 $8.01 $16,660 3.5%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 310 $9.60 $9.51 $19,780 7.0%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 6,470 $8.34 $10.04 $20,880 3.1%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 1,120 $14.00 $15.07 $31,350 3.5%
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73002 Fallers and Buckers 30 $12.69 $14.24 $29,620 9.6%
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 60 $10.60 $11.44 $23,790 18.7%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 40 $13.30 $14.14 $29,420 2.1%
    79016 Animal Trainers (*) $7.81 $8.58 $17,840 4.4%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 2,050 $7.88 $8.52 $17,730 1.9%
    79033 Pruners 360 $9.92 $11.64 $24,220 11.9%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 360 $9.90 $10.50 $21,830 4.2%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 15,780 $8.80 $9.14 $19,020 1.0%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 790 $8.18 $8.36 $17,390 2.5%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 40 $7.50 $7.69 $15,990 3.3%
    79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 170 $9.38 $10.25 $21,320 8.6%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 1,000 $10.73 $11.93 $24,820 2.1%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 7,610 $20.38 $21.32 $44,350 1.7%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 7,710 $20.05 $21.42 $44,550 1.2%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 3,240 $19.29 $20.47 $42,570 1.2%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 2,130 $17.23 $17.12 $35,610 5.9%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,270 $14.01 $15.34 $31,910 2.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 3,650 $18.85 $20.21 $42,040 1.4%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 830 $14.28 $15.14 $31,490 2.2%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,960 $11.09 $11.70 $24,330 2.7%
    83008 Transportation Inspectors 60 $18.70 $18.66 $38,810 4.4%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 1,320 $12.30 $14.47 $30,100 4.0%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,310 $15.70 $16.11 $33,500 1.6%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 40 $17.45 $17.07 $35,510 3.2%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 490 $17.93 $18.08 $37,600 2.6%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 570 $15.43 $15.55 $32,350 1.2%
    85123 Millwrights 240 $16.70 $15.96 $33,190 2.1%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 550 $15.38 $14.79 $30,770 1.2%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 20,620 $12.18 $13.03 $27,110 0.9%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 11,030 $15.53 $16.75 $34,830 1.8%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 2,520 $15.88 $17.84 $37,120 5.0%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 180 $11.44 $11.66 $24,240 4.4%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,450 $15.88 $16.23 $33,760 3.1%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 880 $15.90 $16.28 $33,860 1.4%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 130 $11.65 $12.40 $25,790 2.7%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 1,530 $20.83 $20.47 $42,580 5.5%
    85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists 80 $20.95 $20.47 $42,580 2.5%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 370 $9.72 $10.14 $21,080 4.5%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 2,120 $20.00 $18.91 $39,340 2.2%
    85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 410 $22.76 $21.94 $45,640 3.8%
    85508 150 $22.80 $22.44 $46,670 3.0%
    85514 Radio Mechanics (*) $21.07 $21.18 $44,050 4.3%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,060 $21.56 $20.70 $43,060 3.1%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 4,460 $16.33 $17.41 $36,210 5.5%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 1,770 $15.17 $16.08 $33,440 3.9%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 430 $12.50 $12.77 $26,570 6.7%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 530 $11.20 $12.57 $26,140 9.5%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers (*) $10.80 $13.43 $27,940 3.9%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,090 $19.93 $19.95 $41,490 1.6%
    85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 120 $22.37 $22.53 $46,860 2.1%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 2,500 $20.25 $18.81 $39,120 3.3%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 960 $18.78 $18.35 $38,160 2.3%
    85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 50 $13.14 $14.17 $29,480 1.8%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,450 $13.99 $15.06 $31,320 3.0%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 5,960 $16.32 $16.49 $34,300 2.1%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 130 $17.35 $17.51 $36,430 5.9%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 290 $17.64 $18.06 $37,570 5.1%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 260 $19.64 $19.41 $40,370 2.2%
    85917 Watchmakers 50 $13.87 $13.91 $28,930 5.4%
    85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 170 $12.25 $13.92 $28,950 7.0%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 360 $12.41 $12.69 $26,390 4.4%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 1,090 $14.49 $15.08 $31,370 1.9%
    85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 340 $18.22 $17.98 $37,410 2.1%
    85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 1,250 $22.82 $22.79 $47,410 3.0%
    85935 Riggers 180 $16.97 $16.47 $34,250 1.7%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 180 $12.55 $12.72 $26,460 1.1%
    85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 120 $17.13 $16.51 $34,330 2.6%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 340 $11.96 $12.32 $25,630 2.9%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers 230 $7.91 $8.19 $17,040 3.3%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 900 $8.58 $11.13 $23,160 9.7%
    85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 40 $8.09 $8.63 $17,950 4.2%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 5,160 $13.93 $14.55 $30,260 2.4%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 12,360 $14.40 $15.04 $31,280 1.5%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 270 $14.30 $14.29 $29,720 2.8%
    87108 Drywall Installers 1,680 $15.09 $15.10 $31,400 2.2%
    87111 Tapers 510 $14.56 $14.35 $29,840 1.4%
    87114 Lathers (*) $14.53 $15.27 $31,760 1.5%
    87202 Electricians 14,140 $16.67 $18.60 $38,690 2.9%
    87302 Brickmasons 2,390 $16.65 $16.04 $33,360 2.6%
    87305 Stonemasons 1,220 $15.09 $14.22 $29,580 9.6%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters 360 $16.07 $15.48 $32,190 2.9%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 2,360 $13.22 $13.30 $27,660 1.4%
    87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 200 $15.58 $15.71 $32,680 2.7%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 640 $12.64 $13.86 $28,840 8.1%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 6,560 $12.51 $14.11 $29,340 4.9%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 6,300 $16.90 $17.37 $36,130 2.3%
    87505 Pipelaying Fitters 80 $11.61 $12.74 $26,510 3.0%
    87508 Pipelayers 710 $11.71 $12.72 $26,460 5.4%
    87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 90 $13.95 $13.34 $27,750 1.7%
    87602 Carpet Installers 370 $12.69 $13.98 $29,070 4.3%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 420 $12.09 $13.17 $27,400 5.5%
    87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators (*) $12.66 $12.17 $25,310 7.2%
    87702 Air Hammer Operators 110 $13.73 $13.50 $28,070 2.4%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 1,000 $12.67 $12.99 $27,010 2.5%
    87802 Insulation Workers 760 $12.82 $13.49 $28,070 2.3%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 980 $13.39 $14.78 $30,740 4.7%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 1,600 $13.31 $14.25 $29,650 3.8%
    87808 Roofers 1,520 $13.42 $13.93 $28,970 2.4%
    87811 Glaziers 470 $13.10 $13.30 $27,660 3.2%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 700 $14.90 $15.45 $32,140 1.1%
    87817 Fence Erectors 100 $11.32 $11.47 $23,850 2.4%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,750 $11.69 $12.42 $25,830 2.8%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 140 $13.08 $13.58 $28,250 3.6%
    87941 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 50 $13.54 $13.74 $28,580 4.0%
    87989 All Other Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 60 $14.64 $14.30 $29,740 1.7%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 1,750 $13.90 $14.54 $30,240 2.3%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 130 $17.04 $16.98 $35,320 3.4%
    89105 Precision Instrument Makers 60 $17.20 $16.80 $34,940 2.5%
    89108 Machinists 2,200 $15.24 $16.40 $34,110 2.7%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 60 $10.23 $11.11 $23,100 1.2%
    89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 50 $13.82 $13.44 $27,960 1.5%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 290 $10.84 $11.76 $24,450 5.5%
    89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 70 $12.80 $18.24 $37,930 3.5%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 2,650 $14.90 $15.56 $32,360 5.4%
    89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 80 $17.22 $16.59 $34,510 3.2%
    89308 Wood Machinists 130 $9.97 $10.03 $20,870 2.0%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 1,300 $12.13 $13.71 $28,510 5.7%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 350 $10.37 $13.44 $27,960 13.1%
    89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers (*) $10.74 $12.87 $26,760 5.2%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 580 $10.71 $10.83 $22,520 3.6%
    89508 Upholsterers 390 $10.09 $11.10 $23,090 4.5%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 100 $10.47 $10.37 $21,580 4.6%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 400 $7.35 $7.90 $16,430 8.5%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 830 $8.36 $8.92 $18,560 11.8%
    89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 110 $15.98 $14.67 $30,510 1.3%
    89705 Job Printers 80 $13.36 $14.13 $29,390 4.5%
    89706 Paste-Up Workers 170 $11.82 $13.36 $27,800 3.7%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 540 $16.47 $16.34 $33,980 4.6%
    89713 Camera Operators 210 $15.89 $16.00 $33,290 4.9%
    89715 Scanner Operators 160 $18.26 $18.34 $38,140 3.5%
    89717 Strippers 540 $18.25 $17.68 $36,780 3.0%
    89718 Platemakers 320 $13.45 $15.27 $31,770 3.9%
    89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 110 $17.13 $17.08 $35,530 2.8%
    89721 Bookbinders 220 $18.06 $16.39 $34,090 10.6%
    89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers (*) $11.17 $13.57 $28,220 2.4%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 500 $15.14 $13.63 $28,350 10.1%
    89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 60 $9.79 $10.74 $22,330 1.2%
    89911 Precision Detail Design Decorators and Painters 30 $13.81 $14.29 $29,720 1.4%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers (*) $10.12 $10.14 $21,090 2.8%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 220 $9.23 $9.75 $20,280 4.3%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 500 $11.35 $12.65 $26,310 7.5%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 1,140 $14.96 $14.23 $29,590 2.1%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $10.95 $11.86 $24,670 1.3%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $15.73 $16.72 $34,780 1.3%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $10.02 $11.28 $23,470 1.1%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $12.07 $12.11 $25,180 7.2%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $15.75 $14.22 $29,580 3.0%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 240 $8.85 $9.64 $20,060 3.0%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 240 $12.03 $12.48 $25,970 1.6%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 460 $10.86 $10.41 $21,650 1.7%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $14.11 $13.90 $28,910 1.9%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $13.98 $13.56 $28,200 4.3%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 200 $11.46 $12.85 $26,720 2.6%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $10.72 $11.08 $23,050 1.4%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 230 $8.24 $8.41 $17,500 4.6%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 $10.97 $11.86 $24,670 2.4%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 140 $10.58 $11.68 $24,290 3.9%
    92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 30 $9.39 $9.55 $19,870 2.6%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 120 $8.45 $9.59 $19,960 6.5%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 60 $10.05 $9.70 $20,180 4.4%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 190 $9.22 $9.97 $20,730 5.9%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,130 $15.85 $17.09 $35,550 3.6%
    92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 280 $20.87 $21.34 $44,390 3.1%
    92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 120 $10.97 $11.82 $24,590 6.4%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $9.08 $9.90 $20,600 2.6%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 840 $13.42 $13.86 $28,820 2.9%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $12.65 $12.82 $26,680 6.5%
    92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 300 $19.44 $21.46 $44,630 5.4%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 2,630 $15.29 $16.60 $34,520 2.4%
    92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $13.79 $15.74 $32,740 12.0%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 1,500 $12.80 $13.11 $27,270 2.8%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 160 $10.78 $11.53 $23,990 1.6%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 730 $8.45 $8.43 $17,530 1.6%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 430 $8.29 $9.50 $19,760 2.5%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 2,250 $7.73 $8.01 $16,660 1.4%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 1,190 $7.71 $7.86 $16,350 1.9%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 70 $7.00 $7.64 $15,890 2.6%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 690 $7.95 $8.69 $18,070 4.7%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 270 $10.13 $10.78 $22,430 1.0%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 90 $10.53 $10.63 $22,110 5.9%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 70 $13.31 $13.46 $27,990 1.9%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 170 $17.09 $17.19 $35,750 2.4%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $8.81 $10.66 $22,180 4.2%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 280 $10.46 $11.47 $23,850 3.0%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 340 $19.33 $21.20 $44,100 8.8%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $10.97 $11.80 $24,540 2.4%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 150 $9.11 $10.40 $21,640 2.5%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 210 $9.55 $9.98 $20,760 1.1%
    92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $14.50 $14.17 $29,480 1.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 790 $10.23 $10.53 $21,890 6.0%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 180 $10.55 $10.53 $21,910 3.5%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 190 $9.96 $9.94 $20,670 1.0%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,820 $9.17 $10.20 $21,210 2.0%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 560 $12.32 $12.79 $26,600 1.8%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 2,570 $9.56 $10.78 $22,430 2.1%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 260 $14.02 $14.13 $29,390 10.7%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 250 $13.00 $13.66 $28,420 1.9%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 400 $9.76 $10.55 $21,940 4.3%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 1,110 $11.57 $12.67 $26,360 3.2%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers (*) $7.10 $8.29 $17,240 2.3%
    93902 Machine Assemblers 310 $9.79 $10.33 $21,480 1.7%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 1,500 $9.96 $10.53 $21,900 1.6%
    93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing 40 $11.46 $11.85 $24,640 1.3%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 2,100 $14.52 $15.02 $31,240 1.8%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers 270 $8.65 $8.63 $17,950 1.5%
    93921 Pressers, Hand 90 $7.08 $7.05 $14,660 4.9%
    93923 Sewers, Hand 50 $8.37 $10.36 $21,560 14.3%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 50 $8.31 $9.36 $19,460 3.2%
    93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 60 $10.53 $10.17 $21,150 2.3%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 130 $12.45 $13.74 $28,570 10.9%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 60 $9.46 $9.67 $20,120 1.4%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 5,120 $9.50 $10.00 $20,800 1.8%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 4,180 $7.45 $8.42 $17,520 3.5%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 2,220 $16.06 $16.17 $33,640 1.6%
    95005 Gas Plant Operators 60 $21.10 $20.29 $42,200 5.2%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 140 $23.17 $23.28 $48,430 3.0%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 980 $16.61 $17.64 $36,680 4.0%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 1,390 $13.90 $14.32 $29,780 2.1%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 14,390 $13.40 $14.16 $29,450 1.1%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 17,930 $10.57 $11.39 $23,680 2.9%
    97108 Bus Drivers 2,350 $9.94 $10.97 $22,820 3.7%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 6,180 $9.25 $9.08 $18,880 4.5%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 1,020 $6.47 $7.53 $15,670 6.9%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 5,410 $9.20 $9.87 $20,540 3.4%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 1,770 $13.73 $12.83 $26,690 1.7%
    97502 Captains, Water Vessel 60 $15.12 $17.02 $35,400 6.4%
    97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 70 $12.72 $15.69 $32,630 21.4%
    97521 Ship Engineers 30 $20.33 $20.38 $42,400 4.2%
    97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 3,000 * * $88,190** 19.3%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 1,460 $7.55 $7.94 $16,510 2.5%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 2,710 $7.95 $8.42 $17,510 3.2%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 1,030 $12.54 $14.19 $29,510 5.8%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 1,660 $13.66 $13.71 $28,510 1.6%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 1,160 $13.92 $14.09 $29,320 1.7%
    97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 40 $11.78 $11.66 $24,240 1.5%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 220 $15.81 $16.10 $33,490 2.6%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,280 $11.45 $11.97 $24,910 2.0%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 240 $9.87 $10.25 $21,310 2.4%
    97953 Pump Operators 30 $16.36 $18.30 $38,070 2.8%
    97956 Operating Engineers 1,350 $15.17 $15.75 $32,770 2.8%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,020 $11.96 $12.37 $25,730 4.2%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,780 $8.40 $10.56 $21,970 5.8%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 2,500 $8.39 $9.24 $19,220 2.3%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 1,920 $9.54 $10.09 $21,000 3.3%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 4,750 $9.91 $10.20 $21,220 1.9%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 1,740 $9.26 $9.55 $19,860 3.1%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 780 $9.77 $9.64 $20,050 3.3%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,050 $10.14 $10.57 $21,990 3.3%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 640 $8.26 $8.59 $17,860 2.0%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 2,360 $9.34 $9.43 $19,610 11.9%
    98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 130 $8.71 $9.02 $18,770 1.9%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 930 $9.22 $9.83 $20,450 2.5%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,440 $11.38 $11.18 $23,260 4.1%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 7,700 $8.67 $9.62 $20,010 3.0%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 8,420 $6.73 $7.38 $15,350 1.7%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 3,390 $7.29 $7.98 $16,590 2.6%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 30,620 $9.19 $9.66 $20,100 1.9%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001