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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

California REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for California have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because California's minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the Statewide estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes. The changes to hourly mean wage estimates for California ranged between an increase of 1 cent to an increase of 27 cents per hour.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Occupational divisions in California:

Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments.

Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
 Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
13002 Financial Managers 79,690 $31.79 $31.72 $65,980 0.9%
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 25,710 $25.34 $26.78 $55,710 0.6%
13008 Purchasing Managers 20,570 $21.70 $23.84 $49,590 0.8%
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 64,290 $31.24 $31.62 $65,770 0.9%
13014 Administrative Services Managers 47,380 $24.36 $26.24 $54,570 1.3%
13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 47,230 $41.04 $38.75 $80,610 1.0%
 Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 1,040 $24.16 $25.06 $52,130 1.5%
15005 Education Administrators 36,050 $32.04 $29.08 $60,480 1.2%
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 19,250 $27.81 $27.44 $57,080 1.3%
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 18,960 $16.42 $19.87 $41,330 4.4%
15014 Industrial Production Managers 23,100 $29.81 $29.53 $61,430 0.8%
15017 Construction Managers 25,610 $29.37 $28.66 $59,620 1.2%
15021 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Well Drilling Managers 440 $34.64 $32.73 $68,080 3.0%
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 17,510 $26.65 $27.29 $56,760 1.0%
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 29,850 $13.77 $15.08 $31,360 1.6%
15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 90 $10.87 $12.58 $26,170 8.3%
15032 Lawn Service Managers 1,610 $11.65 $13.78 $28,670 4.9%
 Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 4,610 $22.03 $23.84 $49,580 5.8%
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 370,340 $35.05 $34.97 $72,740 0.7%
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 128,930 $27.49 $28.30 $58,860 0.9%
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
 Management Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 9,720 $19.10 $21.06 $43,800 1.8%
21105 Credit Analysts 5,620 $20.88 $22.57 $46,940 1.6%
21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 23,850 $18.16 $21.20 $44,100 1.6%
21111 Tax Preparers 6,990 $15.09 $17.76 $36,950 7.3%
21114 Accountants and Auditors 106,990 $19.72 $21.65 $45,040 1.2%
21117 Budget Analysts 7,270 $23.59 $25.07 $52,150 1.2%
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 37,770 $20.49 $23.23 $48,320 2.3%
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 11,060 $16.03 $17.74 $36,900 1.6%
21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 2,920 $15.83 $17.77 $36,950 3.7%
21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 27,320 $19.89 $21.54 $44,800 2.8%
21502 Claims Takers, Unemployment Benefits 80 $25.26 $24.31 $50,570 6.3%
21505 Special Agents, Insurance 3,190 $22.43 $25.49 $53,020 11.5%
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 7,520 $16.61 $20.15 $41,920 6.1%
21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 37,610 $20.73 $22.21 $46,200 0.8%
21902 Cost Estimators 17,510 $21.55 $23.05 $47,940 0.8%
21905 Management Analysts 16,010 $23.15 $25.47 $52,970 1.6%
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 6,560 $23.97 $24.91 $51,800 1.0%
21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 22,430 $19.12 $20.36 $42,340 1.2%
21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 5,550 $22.40 $22.90 $47,630 2.4%
21917 Assessors 1,030 $20.24 $21.29 $44,270 4.1%
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 6,660 $20.99 $22.41 $46,610 1.6%
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 97,700 $19.56 $21.68 $45,090 2.1%
 Engineers and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
22102 Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 12,720 $35.02 $32.90 $68,440 2.6%
22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 1,200 $32.82 $30.57 $63,580 1.6%
22108 Mining Engineers, Including Mine Safety 60 $24.26 $25.89 $53,850 3.6%
22111 Petroleum Engineers 730 $34.10 $32.27 $67,130 3.7%
22114 Chemical Engineers 3,960 $34.15 $32.05 $66,670 2.3%
22117 Nuclear Engineers 840 $39.63 $37.64 $78,290 3.2%
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 25,590 $31.34 $29.33 $61,000 1.2%
22123 Agricultural Engineers 150 $29.96 $28.07 $58,380 4.0%
22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 59,070 $34.05 $32.05 $66,670 1.0%
22127 Computer Engineers 54,090 $32.24 $30.78 $64,020 1.4%
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 14,040 $28.32 $28.33 $58,930 1.7%
22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 1,800 $28.57 $27.23 $56,640 1.3%
22135 Mechanical Engineers 23,150 $29.72 $28.21 $58,680 1.4%
22138 Marine Engineers 300 $21.70 $25.08 $52,160 5.0%
22199 All Other Engineers 67,550 $32.94 $31.23 $64,950 2.5%
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 8,550 $26.61 $27.68 $57,570 2.8%
22308 Landscape Architects 1,280 $21.31 $23.37 $48,610 5.5%
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 3,590 $26.42 $26.81 $55,770 2.0%
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 8,180 $20.95 $21.77 $45,280 1.7%
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 51,400 $18.79 $19.84 $41,260 1.2%
22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 2,750 $21.81 $22.83 $47,480 2.1%
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 11,120 $21.38 $21.69 $45,120 2.2%
22514 Drafters 29,270 $17.54 $18.21 $37,880 1.2%
22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 850 $30.45 $28.27 $58,810 1.8%
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 4,420 $19.93 $20.69 $43,030 2.0%
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 33,940 $20.19 $21.30 $44,290 1.2%
 Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
24102 Physicists and Astronomers 1,510 $36.31 $34.15 $71,040 2.7%
24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 8,340 $22.09 $23.36 $48,590 1.4%
24108 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 510 $29.48 $27.91 $58,060 6.5%
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 3,670 $26.63 $28.30 $58,870 2.1%
24199 All Other Physical Scientists 8,280 $25.65 $26.93 $56,020 3.3%
24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 1,720 $26.91 $26.35 $54,810 1.1%
24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 740 $19.55 $20.72 $43,090 3.3%
24308 Biological Scientists 10,260 $24.33 $25.88 $53,840 1.6%
24311 Medical Scientists 2,030 $25.83 $28.74 $59,780 4.1%
24399 All Other Life Scientists 6,180 $23.98 $25.94 $53,950 3.7%
24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 5,070 $15.19 $16.82 $34,990 2.9%
24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 5,940 $14.60 $15.46 $32,160 1.8%
24511 Petroleum Technicians and Technologists 530 $22.45 $22.88 $47,580 3.6%
24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 12,790 $15.63 $17.23 $35,840 1.9%
 Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 59,720 $26.71 $27.06 $56,280 1.4%
25103 Data Base Administrators 12,370 $25.63 $26.49 $55,100 1.4%
25104 Computer Support Specialists 57,940 $20.89 $22.52 $46,830 1.0%
25105 Computer Programmers 75,560 $28.83 $29.19 $60,720 1.1%
25108 Computer Programmer Aides 9,880 $15.86 $17.95 $37,340 2.0%
25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 950 $21.49 $22.68 $47,170 2.2%
25199 All Other Computer Scientists 15,740 $24.12 $26.24 $54,590 3.2%
25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 8,540 $21.43 $24.24 $50,410 2.9%
25310 Mathematical Scientists 240 $27.92 $26.89 $55,930 2.4%
25312 Statisticians 790 $25.13 $26.62 $55,380 3.3%
25313 Actuaries 700 $37.37 $35.70 $74,260 4.3%
25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 7,320 $23.85 $28.00 $58,240 6.5%
25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists 930 $35.46 $34.22 $71,190 13.1%
25323 Mathematical Technicians 50 $15.15 $15.68 $32,620 2.5%
 Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 5,070 $23.72 $25.89 $53,860 2.3%
27105 Urban and Regional Planners 5,400 $24.45 $24.81 $51,600 1.4%
27108 Psychologists 11,230 $30.34 $29.71 $61,790 4.3%
27199 All Other Social Scientists 5,630 $18.65 $21.57 $44,870 5.8%
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 18,230 $18.79 $20.14 $41,890 2.1%
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 27,350 $16.86 $18.63 $38,760 3.8%
27307 Residential Counselors 16,360 $9.19 $9.81 $20,400 1.1%
27308 Human Services Workers 17,340 $11.05 $11.87 $24,690 1.3%
27311 Recreation Workers 35,050 $8.13 $9.60 $19,960 3.0%
27502 Clergy 3,020 $14.97 $17.02 $35,390 4.2%
27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 1,510 $12.68 $13.86 $28,820 4.0%
27599 All Other Religious Workers 700 $17.27 $24.50 $50,950 18.8%
 Law and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
28102 Judges and Magistrates 2,170 $50.39 $44.07 $91,670 4.2%
28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 7,780 $17.40 $18.36 $38,180 0.7%
28108 Lawyers 47,480 $42.52 $40.35 $83,920 2.4%
28302 Law Clerks 4,960 $15.16 $16.36 $34,030 3.3%
28305 Paralegal Personnel 12,540 $19.17 $20.23 $42,080 3.6%
28308 Title Searchers 1,350 $12.70 $12.65 $26,320 1.6%
28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 2,470 $17.61 $18.48 $38,440 1.9%
28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 8,250 $19.80 $20.81 $43,280 2.2%
 Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
31111 Lecturers 990 $9.68 $10.08 $20,970 2.4%
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 4,460 * * $54,100 1.8%
31117 Graduate Assistants, Teaching 7,860 * * $27,570 2.5%
31201 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 450 * * $59,160 3.8%
31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 2,690 * * $57,420 2.0%
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 1,230 * * $50,960 2.1%
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 680 * * $53,820 4.0%
31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 1,900 * * $55,580 6.3%
31211 Health Diagnostics Teachers, Postsecondary 2,430 * * $68,190 7.3%
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 1,540 * * $54,070 3.0%
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 1,370 * * $44,810 3.3%
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 6,720 * * $53,560 1.8%
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 2,580 * * $48,080 2.6%
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 5,070 * * $50,520 2.4%
31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 1,560 * * $64,420 3.8%
31223 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 630 * * $56,350 3.9%
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 5,120 * * $53,590 3.4%
31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 4,260 * * $45,140 4.1%
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 1,270 * * $53,820 2.1%
31232 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 350 * * $53,830 3.7%
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 1,030 * * $56,130 2.4%
31234 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 400 * * $57,620 3.5%
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 1,850 * * $50,710 1.9%
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 1,350 * * $50,230 3.6%
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 4,800 * * $55,180 4.8%
31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 1,770 * * $53,080 7.3%
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 5,880 * * $42,390 5.8%
31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 2,140 * * $62,680 7.3%
31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 1,360 * * $46,950 4.9%
31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 420 * * $45,490 10.2%
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 3,540 * * $42,680 4.0%
31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 1,900 * * $49,110 5.0%
31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 240 * * $48,230 3.9%
31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 810 * * $48,240 4.5%
31262 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 330 * * $50,880 5.1%
31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 27,740 * * $56,830 4.0%
31303 Teachers, Preschool 36,660 $9.27 $9.95 $20,700 1.7%
31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 17,910 * * $40,360 1.2%
31305 Teachers, Elementary School 169,070 * * $44,420 1.4%
31308 Teachers, Secondary School 123,690 * * $48,140 1.5%
31311 Teachers, Special Education 37,550 * * $47,760 1.5%
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 32,350 $17.75 $18.56 $38,610 1.8%
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 18,430 $12.42 $14.02 $29,150 3.9%
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 34,940 $10.99 $13.24 $27,550 2.0%
31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors (*) $18.15 $19.73 $41,040 3.0%
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 56,970 * * $42,100 3.5%
31502 Librarians, Professional 10,550 $21.65 $22.49 $46,770 1.1%
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 6,660 $12.58 $13.13 $27,320 1.7%
31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 1,010 $15.54 $16.40 $34,110 1.5%
31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 920 $16.14 $17.45 $36,290 2.9%
31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 18,620 $22.25 $22.24 $46,250 2.4%
31517 Instructional Coordinators 9,290 $22.40 $23.02 $47,880 1.4%
31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 87,070 $9.78 $9.74 $20,260 0.9%
 Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 42,950 # $48.10 $100,040 4.3%
32105 Dentists 11,020 $53.52 $44.48 $92,510 5.1%
32108 Optometrists 3,640 $31.04 $29.10 $60,520 4.5%
32113 Chiropractors 1,440 $26.84 $28.81 $59,930 11.3%
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 3,480 $30.94 $30.79 $64,050 2.9%
32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 1,300 $20.26 $23.56 $49,000 15.8%
32302 Respiratory Therapists 8,110 $19.11 $20.16 $41,940 1.1%
32305 Occupational Therapists 5,280 $29.44 $28.27 $58,810 1.7%
32308 Physical Therapists 10,980 $32.79 $30.54 $63,530 1.6%
32311 Corrective and Manual Arts Therapists 150 $10.72 $13.77 $28,640 2.5%
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 8,030 $23.74 $25.08 $52,170 1.3%
32317 Recreational Therapists 1,370 $17.01 $17.23 $35,840 1.9%
32399 All Other Therapists 2,790 $14.07 $16.38 $34,070 3.5%
32502 Registered Nurses 172,210 $23.95 $24.91 $51,810 0.6%
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 49,220 $15.32 $16.15 $33,590 1.1%
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 12,530 $10.74 $12.13 $25,240 4.1%
32511 Physician Assistants 5,660 $29.25 $25.52 $53,080 3.6%
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 7,630 $11.05 $11.73 $24,400 2.5%
32517 Pharmacists 16,770 $34.58 $31.39 $65,280 0.8%
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 16,660 $11.63 $11.68 $24,300 0.9%
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 4,630 $19.27 $19.69 $40,950 1.2%
32523 Dietetic Technicians 1,880 $10.75 $11.70 $24,340 3.1%
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 13,500 $23.34 $24.06 $50,040 1.3%
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 14,740 $13.19 $14.65 $30,460 2.8%
32908 Dental Hygienists 17,320 $30.23 $26.35 $54,800 3.1%
32911 Medical Records Technicians 9,750 $9.90 $11.01 $22,900 1.9%
32913 Radiation Therapists 1,250 $24.50 $25.06 $52,130 3.6%
32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 970 $24.13 $25.56 $53,170 1.1%
32919 Radiologic Technologists 12,870 $19.15 $19.80 $41,190 1.1%
32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 420 $18.38 $19.73 $41,040 1.7%
32925 Cardiology Technologists 1,500 $19.72 $20.26 $42,140 1.1%
32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 1,080 $14.82 $15.53 $32,300 1.3%
32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 4,580 $14.99 $15.08 $31,360 0.6%
32931 Psychiatric Technicians 5,320 $15.60 $14.69 $30,550 4.3%
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 4,150 $10.73 $11.02 $22,920 1.9%
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 64,670 $13.55 $16.04 $33,370 1.6%
 Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
34002 Writers and Editors 14,020 $19.92 $22.24 $46,270 2.1%
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 7,430 $23.67 $24.99 $51,980 2.1%
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 9,730 $17.85 $19.49 $40,530 2.1%
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 5,570 $15.93 $19.79 $41,170 4.0%
34014 Broadcast News Analysts 890 $31.50 $32.05 $66,660 16.6%
34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 3,670 $12.37 $15.04 $31,290 4.3%
34021 Announcers, Except Radio and Television 110 $8.25 $10.60 $22,040 5.3%
34023 Photographers 6,970 $12.21 $15.73 $32,720 10.5%
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 1,370 $18.00 $19.24 $40,010 5.8%
34028 Broadcast Technicians 5,290 $18.41 $21.64 $45,020 11.0%
34032 Film Editors 2,160 $29.83 $27.54 $57,280 5.4%
34035 Artists and Related Workers 22,180 $17.24 $19.67 $40,910 3.9%
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 23,050 $17.03 $18.72 $38,940 2.1%
34041 Interior Designers 4,430 $16.31 $18.85 $39,200 3.7%
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 3,610 $9.40 $10.47 $21,780 1.7%
34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 2,220 * * $39,350 11.2%
34051 Musicians, Instrumental 5,740 * * $47,070 7.5%
34053 Dancers and Choreographers 2,220 $11.00 $14.37 $29,890 8.3%
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 39,720 * * $38,810 5.6%
34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 2,300 * * $45,360 12.8%
 Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
39002 Airplane Dispatchers and Air Traffic Controllers 2,700 $32.03 $29.60 $61,570 3.3%
39005 Traffic Technicians 990 $22.14 $22.10 $45,960 1.1%
39008 Radio Operators 640 $10.40 $10.91 $22,690 2.7%
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 1,240 $17.06 $18.86 $39,220 3.3%
39014 Embalmers 530 $15.19 $15.57 $32,380 2.1%
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 109,960 $17.64 $19.76 $41,100 1.1%
Sales and Related Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 186,900 $16.23 $19.37 $40,300 0.6%
 Sales Occupations, Services top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 21,540 $19.08 $23.97 $49,860 2.8%
43005 Brokers, Real Estate 3,380 $26.83 $30.28 $62,980 10.6%
43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 7,250 $16.98 $21.29 $44,280 6.1%
43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 3,150 $23.10 $24.13 $50,190 4.5%
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 23,950 $26.85 $32.17 $66,920 3.7%
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 34,080 $17.60 $19.67 $40,900 2.5%
43021 Travel Agents 13,810 $12.18 $12.73 $26,480 3.0%
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 14,450 $17.28 $20.98 $43,630 2.5%
43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 16,340 $16.59 $19.25 $40,040 2.1%
 Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
49002 Sales Engineers 10,080 $31.64 $31.26 $65,010 1.8%
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 56,000 $23.06 $25.95 $53,970 1.7%
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 123,780 $18.83 $21.37 $44,450 0.9%
49011 Salespersons, Retail 429,600 $7.88 $9.65 $20,070 0.6%
49014 Salespersons, Parts 34,450 $11.64 $13.32 $27,710 1.5%
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 48,970 $7.15 $8.15 $16,950 1.5%
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 139,890 $8.11 $9.53 $19,830 0.6%
49023 Cashiers 308,440 $7.20 $8.73 $18,160 0.6%
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 43,680 $8.68 $10.54 $21,920 1.9%
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 21,140 $8.56 $9.38 $19,520 2.0%
49036 Models (*) $12.60 $14.63 $30,440 4.2%
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 67,740 $12.44 $14.65 $30,470 1.2%
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 191,810 $16.27 $17.22 $35,810 0.5%
 Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
53102 Tellers 62,150 $9.01 $9.15 $19,020 0.5%
53105 New Accounts Clerks 10,600 $12.02 $12.60 $26,210 1.3%
53108 Transit Clerks 870 $7.86 $8.87 $18,460 3.6%
53111 Loan Interviewers 1,590 $12.07 $13.41 $27,880 2.1%
53114 Credit Authorizers 1,600 $13.71 $14.51 $30,190 1.9%
53117 Credit Checkers 4,850 $11.25 $12.04 $25,030 2.3%
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 23,990 $12.88 $13.33 $27,730 2.5%
53123 Adjustment Clerks 41,290 $11.81 $12.45 $25,900 0.8%
53126 Statement Clerks 1,430 $10.94 $11.27 $23,430 1.7%
53128 Brokerage Clerks 6,070 $14.55 $15.98 $33,240 2.1%
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 16,860 $20.88 $21.85 $45,440 1.4%
53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 1,240 $21.18 $20.99 $43,650 4.8%
53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 1,040 $13.03 $13.00 $27,040 2.0%
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 14,010 $12.76 $12.87 $26,760 1.3%
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 14,420 $13.31 $13.70 $28,500 1.6%
53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 5,010 $19.99 $20.22 $42,060 2.1%
53505 Investigators, Clerical 1,600 $10.42 $13.16 $27,380 7.0%
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 32,170 $11.89 $12.35 $25,690 0.7%
53702 Court Clerks 1,740 $11.42 $13.45 $27,980 4.8%
53705 Municipal Clerks 780 $22.08 $21.68 $45,080 2.0%
53708 License Clerks 910 $15.17 $14.96 $31,110 1.6%
53802 Travel Clerks 2,310 $9.96 $10.58 $22,010 2.9%
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 22,780 $11.50 $12.53 $26,050 3.5%
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 16,800 $7.80 $8.16 $16,960 0.9%
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 11,530 $12.40 $12.25 $25,490 1.4%
53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 52,390 $8.96 $9.12 $18,970 1.0%
53908 Advertising Clerks 1,500 $10.76 $11.01 $22,900 2.0%
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 4,710 $8.77 $10.10 $21,000 3.3%
53914 Real Estate Clerks 2,280 $9.77 $10.74 $22,350 3.5%
 Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 35,590 $18.09 $18.30 $38,070 2.0%
55105 Medical Secretaries 18,830 $12.80 $13.44 $27,960 2.9%
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 240,760 $13.38 $13.87 $28,850 0.4%
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 7,440 $15.02 $15.76 $32,780 1.3%
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 160,490 $9.83 $10.11 $21,030 0.6%
55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 56,060 $12.41 $12.67 $26,340 0.6%
55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 19,860 $12.38 $13.09 $27,220 2.1%
55317 Correspondence Clerks 2,230 $10.57 $11.27 $23,430 1.5%
55321 File Clerks 36,620 $8.50 $9.11 $18,960 0.9%
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 48,520 $11.26 $11.99 $24,930 0.9%
55326 Procurement Clerks 5,560 $12.55 $13.13 $27,310 1.2%
55328 Statistical Clerks 3,970 $13.61 $13.93 $28,980 1.2%
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 13,060 $9.29 $9.89 $20,570 2.1%
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 22,920 $17.57 $17.17 $35,720 1.9%
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 199,480 $12.75 $13.29 $27,630 0.4%
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 18,820 $13.86 $14.20 $29,530 0.5%
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 38,480 $12.02 $12.55 $26,090 1.3%
55347 General Office Clerks 354,630 $10.36 $10.90 $22,670 0.5%
 Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 10,950 $10.82 $11.40 $23,710 1.7%
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 9,450 $9.54 $9.81 $20,400 1.3%
56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 6,670 $8.50 $9.43 $19,610 2.6%
56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 20,010 $13.21 $14.16 $29,450 1.1%
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 2,640 $12.90 $13.38 $27,830 2.5%
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 40,810 $10.24 $10.58 $22,000 0.6%
56021 Data Keyers, Composing 1,710 $10.69 $11.44 $23,790 2.6%
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 8,230 $10.83 $11.87 $24,690 1.1%
 Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 20,510 $9.57 $9.83 $20,450 0.9%
57105 Directory Assistance Operators 3,730 $14.35 $13.49 $28,050 1.1%
57108 Central Office Operators 5,230 $15.13 $13.90 $28,910 1.7%
57111 Telegraph and Teletype Operators 150 $14.39 $14.38 $29,900 2.0%
57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 3,510 $7.80 $9.58 $19,930 6.1%
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 12,130 $9.17 $10.09 $20,990 2.6%
57305 Postal Mail Carriers 38,850 $17.03 $16.72 $34,770 1.2%
57308 Postal Service Clerks 8,600 $17.04 $16.45 $34,220 1.4%
57311 Messengers 14,970 $9.45 $10.21 $21,230 2.7%
 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 7,780 $16.39 $16.30 $33,900 1.1%
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 18,670 $13.30 $14.25 $29,630 1.0%
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 33,350 $14.45 $15.31 $31,840 1.3%
58011 Transportation Agents 4,300 $10.65 $12.15 $25,270 3.4%
58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 6,130 $17.45 $16.89 $35,130 1.7%
58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 3,640 $10.64 $11.91 $24,770 2.3%
58021 Marking Clerks 2,860 $8.08 $8.67 $18,030 1.2%
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 100,140 $9.74 $10.68 $22,210 0.8%
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 28,960 $9.32 $9.94 $20,670 1.3%
58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 131,200 $10.77 $11.65 $24,240 0.7%
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 28,270 $9.17 $10.70 $22,250 2.7%
 Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 77,400 $12.05 $12.82 $26,670 0.8%
Service Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 8,970 $26.05 $27.74 $57,700 2.1%
61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 9,590 $32.69 $29.78 $61,950 1.2%
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 7,630 $9.08 $10.13 $21,070 1.5%
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 80,560 $12.06 $14.24 $29,630 2.0%
 Protective Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
63002 Fire Inspectors 1,430 $31.46 $28.53 $59,340 3.5%
63005 Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists (*) $19.85 $18.99 $39,500 2.0%
63008 Fire Fighters 33,680 $19.00 $19.82 $41,230 2.5%
63011 Police Detectives 4,320 $28.40 $27.50 $57,200 1.6%
63014 Police Patrol Officers 48,480 $23.60 $24.11 $50,140 1.2%
63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 30,370 $20.01 $19.13 $39,800 0.7%
63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 1,340 $15.10 $14.70 $30,570 1.9%
63028 Criminal Investigators, Public Service 2,510 $29.22 $26.93 $56,010 4.1%
63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 6,320 $13.94 $14.95 $31,090 0.5%
63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 6,030 $14.44 $14.38 $29,910 3.4%
63038 Railroad and Transit Police and Special Agents 260 $18.18 $18.37 $38,200 5.2%
63041 Fish and Game Wardens 440 $21.33 $21.10 $43,890 1.1%
63044 Crossing Guards 4,600 $6.72 $7.33 $15,250 1.6%
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 128,300 $7.78 $8.53 $17,750 0.9%
63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 21,440 $9.62 $10.95 $22,770 1.9%
 Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 32,650 $6.33 $6.94 $14,430 0.7%
65005 Bartenders 39,000 $6.71 $7.47 $15,540 1.1%
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 203,870 $6.04 $6.55 $13,630 0.7%
65011 Food Servers, Outside 5,310 $6.93 $8.33 $17,320 2.5%
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 49,960 $6.09 $6.60 $13,730 0.7%
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 32,320 $6.32 $6.98 $14,520 1.0%
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 21,100 $8.93 $9.82 $20,430 1.0%
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 18,490 $11.34 $12.26 $25,490 1.3%
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 87,190 $8.02 $8.60 $17,890 0.9%
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 21,310 $9.80 $10.07 $20,950 0.8%
65032 Cooks, Fast Food 53,380 $6.12 $6.65 $13,830 1.0%
65035 Cooks, Short Order 12,790 $7.33 $7.80 $16,220 1.7%
65038 Food Preparation Workers 134,160 $6.59 $7.39 $15,380 0.7%
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 180,740 $6.13 $6.85 $14,260 0.9%
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 37,920 $6.92 $7.84 $16,300 1.5%
 Health Service and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
66002 Dental Assistants 32,930 $12.56 $12.89 $26,810 1.7%
66005 Medical Assistants 39,520 $10.81 $11.00 $22,880 1.4%
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 88,320 $8.08 $8.54 $17,770 0.7%
66011 Home Health Aides 23,210 $8.74 $9.72 $20,220 2.4%
66014 Psychiatric Aides 3,410 $10.02 $10.99 $22,860 5.1%
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 6,820 $10.88 $12.83 $26,680 1.6%
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 1,680 $14.29 $14.80 $30,780 2.8%
66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 860 $12.48 $13.67 $28,420 4.7%
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 13,020 $11.17 $11.45 $23,820 0.9%
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 83,470 $7.05 $7.61 $15,830 0.6%
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 196,040 $7.56 $8.54 $17,770 0.8%
67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 6,520 $12.05 $12.81 $26,640 3.4%
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 32,640 $10.93 $11.28 $23,470 5.7%
 Personal Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
68002 Barbers 640 $6.67 $8.17 $17,000 6.5%
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 26,040 $7.44 $8.82 $18,350 2.1%
68008 Manicurists 5,110 $6.26 $6.56 $13,640 1.9%
68011 Shampooers 1,050 $6.15 $6.42 $13,360 2.5%
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 34,250 $6.33 $7.11 $14,780 1.5%
68017 Guides 2,060 $9.53 $9.83 $20,440 2.1%
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 11,430 $6.12 $6.75 $14,040 1.7%
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 4,470 $6.48 $7.26 $15,100 1.2%
68026 Flight Attendants 15,220 * * $37,400 16.2%
68028 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 660 $7.03 $8.76 $18,210 6.6%
68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 950 $7.35 $8.76 $18,220 3.1%
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 13,510 $7.23 $7.68 $15,970 1.9%
68038 Child Care Workers 35,090 $7.56 $8.02 $16,680 0.7%
68041 Funeral Attendants 980 $9.17 $9.33 $19,400 2.9%
 Other Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 59,730 $7.49 $9.07 $18,860 4.0%
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 7,690 $13.27 $14.35 $29,850 1.4%
 Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
73002 Fallers and Buckers 680 $19.47 $19.80 $41,180 10.2%
73005 Choke Setters 330 $11.52 $12.03 $25,030 3.5%
73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 560 $14.56 $14.59 $30,350 1.8%
73011 Logging Tractor Operators 420 $13.94 $14.23 $29,600 2.6%
73099 All Other Timber Cutting and Related Logging Workers 150 $13.59 $13.88 $28,860 2.6%
 Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 6,070 $8.06 $10.07 $20,950 0.8%
79008 Log Graders and Scalers 90 $13.83 $12.72 $26,470 4.5%
79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 25,570 $6.28 $6.79 $14,130 1.1%
79015 Animal Breeders 150 $11.25 $12.31 $25,600 10.5%
79016 Animal Trainers 530 $10.68 $12.78 $26,570 7.4%
79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 9,950 $7.50 $8.33 $17,320 1.4%
79021 Farm Equipment Operators 8,820 $7.69 $8.47 $17,620 1.9%
79033 Pruners 3,800 $11.64 $11.33 $23,560 2.9%
79036 Sprayers/Applicators 1,050 $10.05 $10.63 $22,120 4.1%
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 133,180 $8.47 $9.89 $20,570 0.9%
79806 Veterinary Assistants 5,330 $8.49 $9.06 $18,850 2.9%
79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 129,050 $6.07 $6.46 $13,430 0.8%
79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 1,370 $6.66 $7.87 $16,370 3.7%
79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 15,340 $8.77 $10.31 $21,440 1.4%
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 39,150 $21.18 $22.24 $46,260 0.7%
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 31,520 $22.98 $24.02 $49,960 0.9%
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 52,700 $17.78 $18.98 $39,490 0.6%
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 12,050 $19.33 $20.17 $41,950 1.1%
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 16,040 $14.75 $15.63 $32,510 1.4%
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 41,180 $18.65 $19.75 $41,080 2.2%
 Inspectors and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 19,900 $13.29 $14.49 $30,140 2.2%
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 45,010 $9.97 $11.16 $23,200 0.9%
83008 Transportation Inspectors 1,700 $22.10 $22.12 $46,000 3.2%
83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 15,690 $10.31 $12.10 $25,160 3.8%
 Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 23,620 $17.11 $17.20 $35,770 0.8%
85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 530 $10.47 $11.61 $24,140 2.2%
85113 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Sewing Machines 910 $6.06 $8.72 $18,130 6.8%
85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 1,100 $12.83 $14.56 $30,280 5.9%
85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 6,260 $22.56 $23.09 $48,030 4.1%
85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 4,600 $19.55 $19.65 $40,870 2.7%
85123 Millwrights 4,470 $18.73 $20.18 $41,970 2.7%
85126 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 70 $14.67 $14.23 $29,600 1.7%
85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 5,920 $15.43 $15.42 $32,060 0.8%
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 115,670 $11.65 $12.97 $26,980 0.9%
85302 Automotive Mechanics 70,670 $15.28 $16.01 $33,310 0.9%
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 19,950 $12.82 $14.46 $30,070 2.2%
85308 Motorcycle Repairers 910 $13.30 $14.17 $29,460 2.2%
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 20,310 $16.78 $16.68 $34,700 2.3%
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 9,140 $17.99 $18.73 $38,960 1.7%
85317 Rail Car Repairers 1,720 $20.64 $20.18 $41,980 2.8%
85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 2,660 $12.53 $13.07 $27,180 1.4%
85323 Aircraft Mechanics 15,070 $20.51 $19.80 $41,180 2.1%
85328 Small Engine Specialists 1,840 $11.20 $12.11 $25,200 1.9%
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 1,670 $21.05 $19.94 $41,480 2.3%
85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 1,280 $20.58 $20.20 $42,020 1.8%
85514 Radio Mechanics 570 $18.25 $17.70 $36,810 2.5%
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,350 $20.39 $18.92 $39,350 2.9%
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 23,480 $17.50 $17.35 $36,080 1.4%
85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 6,480 $15.18 $15.57 $32,390 2.8%
85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 2,600 $12.71 $13.97 $29,050 2.3%
85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 2,710 $12.57 $13.42 $27,910 2.2%
85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 1,220 $14.57 $15.39 $32,020 10.5%
85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 6,990 $18.32 $18.19 $37,840 1.8%
85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 470 $24.36 $25.39 $52,820 2.1%
85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 7,400 $24.08 $25.06 $52,130 3.5%
85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 2,580 $15.68 $16.26 $33,810 8.4%
85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 2,450 $16.96 $16.45 $34,220 3.0%
85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,230 $19.30 $17.90 $37,240 2.2%
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 18,130 $16.55 $17.73 $36,870 1.5%
85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 3,190 $20.08 $20.02 $41,640 1.5%
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 880 $20.91 $20.15 $41,920 3.4%
85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 1,460 $21.77 $21.67 $45,070 2.6%
85914 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 210 $16.27 $17.00 $35,360 4.2%
85917 Watchmakers 300 $11.25 $13.25 $27,570 5.5%
85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 620 $10.93 $10.80 $22,470 4.3%
85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 1,780 $13.44 $14.08 $29,290 3.2%
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 4,920 $15.85 $16.59 $34,510 3.0%
85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 2,540 $19.23 $19.98 $41,570 2.3%
85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 1,290 $31.49 $28.16 $58,580 4.3%
85935 Riggers 1,200 $18.81 $18.66 $38,820 3.1%
85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 2,360 $11.60 $12.90 $26,830 3.4%
85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 1,540 $19.06 $18.63 $38,760 2.1%
85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 1,820 $11.95 $12.05 $25,070 4.5%
85951 Bicycle Repairers 980 $7.81 $8.11 $16,880 1.9%
85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 7,310 $8.06 $8.79 $18,280 2.0%
85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 710 $7.74 $8.88 $18,470 8.7%
85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 32,900 $14.56 $15.76 $32,780 1.6%
 Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
87102 Carpenters 106,330 $17.41 $17.97 $37,380 1.1%
87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 3,070 $17.86 $19.17 $39,870 7.7%
87108 Drywall Installers 13,140 $19.28 $19.58 $40,720 2.1%
87111 Tapers 8,390 $19.06 $18.82 $39,140 2.0%
87114 Lathers 6,440 $17.59 $18.66 $38,810 3.6%
87202 Electricians 52,880 $18.89 $19.70 $40,980 1.6%
87302 Brickmasons 5,120 $19.75 $20.27 $42,150 3.9%
87305 Stonemasons 1,300 $20.04 $19.93 $41,450 5.4%
87308 Hard Tile Setters 3,620 $19.15 $19.42 $40,380 2.8%
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 18,460 $16.16 $16.49 $34,300 1.6%
87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 4,030 $21.81 $21.66 $45,060 3.4%
87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 8,980 $14.78 $16.76 $34,860 2.9%
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 37,770 $14.02 $14.94 $31,070 1.9%
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 33,040 $18.48 $19.51 $40,580 1.5%
87505 Pipelaying Fitters 290 $18.12 $19.88 $41,340 3.0%
87508 Pipelayers 4,900 $18.00 $17.86 $37,140 2.0%
87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 730 $13.92 $13.89 $28,900 6.1%
87602 Carpet Installers 6,450 $14.70 $15.94 $33,150 4.8%
87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 2,230 $13.89 $15.72 $32,700 3.8%
87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators 300 $11.47 $13.58 $28,250 8.8%
87702 Air Hammer Operators 390 $15.54 $17.38 $36,150 7.5%
87705 Pile-Driver Operators 420 $25.20 $25.93 $53,930 2.9%
87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 8,300 $16.60 $17.22 $35,820 1.7%
87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 7,380 $15.53 $15.95 $33,180 1.0%
87802 Insulation Workers 1,960 $14.67 $17.36 $36,110 4.9%
87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 4,170 $13.27 $14.09 $29,300 1.9%
87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 4,210 $16.41 $19.46 $40,480 5.2%
87808 Roofers 15,820 $13.10 $14.19 $29,510 1.8%
87811 Glaziers 4,630 $14.97 $16.57 $34,470 3.6%
87814 Structural Metal Workers 5,780 $16.38 $17.87 $37,170 2.9%
87817 Fence Erectors 2,590 $10.87 $12.07 $25,100 3.4%
87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 8,300 $13.88 $14.58 $30,320 2.3%
87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 1,060 $17.49 $18.19 $37,840 2.2%
87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers 210 $13.28 $14.14 $29,420 10.9%
87908 Rock Splitters, Quarry 80 $13.01 $13.25 $27,550 1.9%
87911 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction 570 $16.17 $16.36 $34,030 1.6%
87914 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction 730 $20.23 $18.18 $37,820 3.4%
87917 Service Unit Operators 740 $13.21 $15.69 $32,630 4.9%
87921 Roustabouts 1,400 $12.35 $17.05 $35,470 8.8%
87941 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 130 $20.74 $18.50 $38,480 4.1%
87949 All Other Mining Machine Operators 70 $15.12 $15.66 $32,580 2.0%
87989 All Other Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 1,060 $15.44 $17.08 $35,530 4.0%
87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 15,520 $16.00 $17.02 $35,400 2.2%
 Precision Production Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
89102 Tool and Die Makers 7,310 $19.72 $19.60 $40,770 0.9%
89105 Precision Instrument Makers 650 $13.41 $14.31 $29,750 3.4%
89108 Machinists 46,190 $14.65 $15.16 $31,530 0.9%
89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 3,510 $10.12 $11.18 $23,260 2.0%
89114 Pattern and Model Makers, Metal 160 $14.72 $17.91 $37,240 7.2%
89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 1,060 $16.34 $16.67 $34,670 2.8%
89121 Shipfitters 680 $13.37 $13.29 $27,630 2.7%
89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 3,550 $8.93 $10.11 $21,020 5.2%
89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products 1,480 $7.69 $8.96 $18,630 4.5%
89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 240 $10.68 $11.50 $23,930 5.4%
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 19,650 $13.60 $16.04 $33,370 2.0%
89135 Boilermakers 560 $20.30 $19.82 $41,230 2.2%
89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 2,100 $11.97 $14.05 $29,220 5.4%
89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 380 $14.10 $16.14 $33,570 3.6%
89305 Pattern Markers, Wood 60 $9.98 $10.36 $21,550 2.7%
89308 Wood Machinists 4,390 $8.51 $9.51 $19,770 1.5%
89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 10,810 $11.24 $12.58 $26,160 2.3%
89314 Furniture Finishers 3,370 $8.63 $9.71 $20,200 2.0%
89399 All Other Precision Woodworkers 2,010 $9.14 $9.71 $20,190 3.6%
89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 2,510 $13.21 $16.02 $33,320 3.5%
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 3,620 $9.59 $10.36 $21,550 2.6%
89508 Upholsterers 5,270 $10.13 $10.43 $21,680 1.6%
89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 1,430 $6.93 $7.62 $15,850 2.3%
89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 1,020 $7.90 $8.55 $17,790 3.8%
89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 3,630 $7.78 $8.12 $16,890 1.7%
89521 Precision Dyers 440 $9.41 $11.09 $23,060 4.5%
89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 2,270 $8.83 $10.29 $21,400 4.9%
89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 750 $13.11 $12.79 $26,610 2.7%
89705 Job Printers 2,140 $12.22 $13.11 $27,260 4.1%
89706 Paste-Up Workers 620 $13.03 $14.26 $29,660 4.9%
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 2,410 $16.63 $17.45 $36,300 2.1%
89712 Photoengravers 200 $11.24 $13.12 $27,280 5.1%
89713 Camera Operators 630 $13.78 $14.83 $30,840 2.5%
89715 Scanner Operators 690 $17.93 $19.08 $39,680 2.2%
89717 Strippers 2,170 $16.87 $16.74 $34,820 1.8%
89718 Platemakers 1,410 $15.56 $15.58 $32,410 2.1%
89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 430 $19.79 $20.47 $42,570 5.1%
89721 Bookbinders 390 $7.95 $10.44 $21,720 10.4%
89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers 510 $13.16 $13.54 $28,160 3.6%
89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 1,940 $8.28 $9.11 $18,940 3.6%
89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 4,630 $10.94 $12.02 $24,990 2.6%
89808 Food Batchmakers 3,460 $11.49 $12.77 $26,570 4.8%
89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 660 $9.39 $11.08 $23,050 3.2%
89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 870 $9.08 $10.18 $21,170 6.4%
89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 1,360 $10.95 $11.76 $24,460 2.7%
89908 Precision Patternmakers, Model Makers, Lay-Out Workers, and Cutters 670 $12.64 $14.12 $29,360 2.6%
89911 Precision Detail Design Decorators and Painters 1,160 $9.01 $9.86 $20,500 2.3%
89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 1,130 $12.34 $13.60 $28,290 3.5%
89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 2,600 $9.84 $10.98 $22,840 3.4%
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 4,820 $13.13 $14.86 $30,910 3.1%
89923 Medical Appliance Makers 1,240 $10.45 $13.50 $28,070 8.5%
89926 Gem and Diamond Workers 150 $9.08 $9.44 $19,640 5.9%
89999 All Other Precision Workers 13,390 $10.18 $12.18 $25,330 2.1%
 Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,380 $9.71 $10.90 $22,660 3.7%
91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 6,660 $12.78 $13.42 $27,910 2.0%
91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 3,110 $10.49 $11.33 $23,570 1.3%
91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 2,610 $12.99 $14.31 $29,760 2.7%
91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 5,840 $10.48 $11.20 $23,300 1.9%
91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 8,620 $10.53 $11.46 $23,830 2.9%
91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 4,550 $10.49 $11.05 $22,980 1.2%
91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 4,330 $11.53 $12.13 $25,220 2.1%
91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,490 $9.32 $10.40 $21,620 4.6%
91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 2,900 $10.10 $10.69 $22,240 3.8%
91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,060 $10.63 $11.35 $23,610 4.3%
91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 990 $13.58 $13.91 $28,930 3.2%
91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 11,650 $8.80 $9.62 $20,010 1.8%
91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 8,060 $12.68 $13.63 $28,360 2.0%
91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 2,900 $11.99 $12.99 $27,010 2.6%
91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,520 $10.01 $10.48 $21,800 1.8%
91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 2,240 $11.01 $12.33 $25,650 2.0%
91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 5,340 $11.81 $12.61 $26,220 1.8%
91708 Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 740 $10.87 $11.86 $24,680 4.1%
91711 Soldering and Brazing Machine Operators and Tenders 860 $8.54 $8.86 $18,440 2.6%
91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 4,170 $12.68 $13.24 $27,530 2.1%
91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 4,040 $9.52 $9.98 $20,770 2.1%
91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 9,210 $7.02 $7.89 $16,400 1.6%
91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,300 $11.46 $12.45 $25,900 6.6%
91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 2,040 $10.28 $10.78 $22,420 6.6%
91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 720 $8.91 $9.30 $19,340 2.9%
91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,520 $10.59 $10.83 $22,540 1.9%
91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 4,170 $9.03 $9.52 $19,800 1.6%
91923 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 480 $10.38 $12.03 $25,020 9.8%
91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 240 $10.83 $12.10 $25,160 4.3%
91928 Heating Equipment Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 210 $9.67 $10.34 $21,500 4.3%
91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,510 $10.49 $11.75 $24,440 2.6%
91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 1,200 $11.73 $11.76 $24,460 2.0%
91938 Heaters, Metal and Plastic 80 $9.81 $11.97 $24,890 6.1%
92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 3,980 $10.16 $10.68 $22,200 2.0%
92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 7,210 $9.10 $10.37 $21,570 1.9%
92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 610 $9.38 $10.13 $21,080 2.7%
92305 Head Sawyers 290 $12.71 $12.89 $26,810 2.3%
92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 3,500 $9.30 $10.16 $21,130 2.9%
92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 1,420 $8.59 $9.38 $19,520 2.6%
92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 3,210 $8.06 $8.94 $18,590 2.0%
92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 910 $14.43 $15.14 $31,490 3.7%
92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 5,000 $16.56 $17.33 $36,060 1.7%
92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 890 $13.36 $13.98 $29,070 2.9%
92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 810 $14.01 $14.48 $30,120 4.6%
92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,000 $11.93 $12.73 $26,480 2.6%
92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 4,830 $8.25 $8.91 $18,520 2.4%
92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 2,500 $11.20 $12.29 $25,570 2.7%
92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 850 $11.68 $12.21 $25,400 3.3%
92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 960 $13.58 $14.52 $30,200 4.4%
92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 12,420 $14.06 $14.86 $30,910 1.8%
92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $12.93 $13.96 $29,030 2.7%
92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 6,140 $9.39 $10.40 $21,640 1.9%
92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 2,200 $8.15 $9.88 $20,550 4.0%
92702 Textile Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 640 $7.61 $8.25 $17,170 3.4%
92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 9,880 $6.50 $7.30 $15,180 1.6%
92708 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators and Tenders, Synthetic or Glass Fibers 910 $9.27 $10.68 $22,220 8.0%
92711 Textile Draw-Out Machine Operators and Tenders 120 $7.25 $7.88 $16,390 4.1%
92714 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 3,110 $6.58 $7.52 $15,650 2.1%
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 71,040 $6.25 $6.90 $14,350 1.1%
92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 15,970 $7.25 $7.86 $16,350 1.0%
92723 Shoe Sewing Machine Operators and Tenders 180 $7.52 $7.63 $15,870 1.9%
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 13,870 $6.96 $7.82 $16,270 1.8%
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 8,930 $7.01 $7.48 $15,560 3.3%
92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors 11,670 $12.60 $13.28 $27,630 2.5%
92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 930 $7.72 $12.31 $25,610 4.3%
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 6,990 $10.67 $11.33 $23,560 3.5%
92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 3,560 $13.80 $13.75 $28,600 3.2%
92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 2,360 $9.40 $10.24 $21,300 2.6%
92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 1,460 $9.70 $10.40 $21,640 3.7%
92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 1,470 $15.17 $15.20 $31,610 1.7%
92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 570 $15.72 $15.83 $32,930 1.9%
92928 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 390 $14.07 $12.82 $26,660 3.6%
92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 1,970 $14.31 $14.03 $29,180 1.8%
92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 3,080 $15.08 $15.00 $31,200 1.5%
92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders 770 $11.88 $13.02 $27,090 2.4%
92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 2,490 $8.76 $9.92 $20,630 1.9%
92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 5,780 $8.88 $10.04 $20,890 1.4%
92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 3,600 $13.87 $15.12 $31,440 3.1%
92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 3,910 $11.08 $11.80 $24,550 1.6%
92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 6,340 $9.80 $10.37 $21,580 1.4%
92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,710 $8.53 $9.65 $20,080 1.6%
92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 2,290 $9.10 $10.50 $21,850 1.8%
92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 2,640 $11.92 $12.25 $25,490 1.8%
92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 11,720 $10.62 $11.32 $23,550 1.3%
92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,990 $9.33 $10.12 $21,040 2.6%
92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 3,470 $8.98 $10.02 $20,830 1.8%
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 43,810 $8.53 $9.79 $20,370 1.6%
92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 13,040 $9.76 $11.02 $22,920 1.3%
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 55,520 $8.95 $10.68 $22,210 4.9%
 Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
93102 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers, Precision (*) $21.86 $20.76 $43,180 6.2%
93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 5,070 $12.17 $12.98 $26,990 3.9%
93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 1,360 $15.10 $16.69 $34,710 4.1%
93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 9,880 $11.99 $12.32 $25,620 2.5%
93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 38,380 $11.61 $12.23 $25,440 2.8%
93117 Watch, Clock, and Chronometer Assemblers, Adjusters, Calibrators, Precision 110 $9.10 $9.90 $20,600 5.1%
93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 8,650 $10.83 $11.63 $24,200 2.0%
93902 Machine Assemblers 4,530 $10.42 $10.78 $22,420 1.6%
93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 29,880 $8.43 $9.38 $19,500 1.2%
93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 950 $8.02 $9.28 $19,300 4.8%
93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing 780 $8.96 $10.07 $20,940 3.8%
93914 Welders and Cutters 26,190 $12.64 $13.44 $27,960 0.9%
93917 Solderers and Brazers 4,350 $8.68 $8.82 $18,350 1.3%
93921 Pressers, Hand 2,580 $6.70 $7.18 $14,940 1.6%
93923 Sewers, Hand 1,780 $6.93 $7.86 $16,340 3.8%
93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 7,590 $6.61 $7.57 $15,750 2.2%
93928 Portable Machine Cutters 930 $8.88 $9.02 $18,760 1.9%
93932 Carpet Cutters, Diagrammers, and Seamers 110 $9.72 $11.05 $22,970 7.3%
93935 Cannery Workers 9,760 $7.41 $7.96 $16,570 2.0%
93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 6,310 $7.85 $8.10 $16,860 2.3%
93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 380 $10.17 $11.01 $22,900 3.5%
93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 1,370 $7.85 $9.03 $18,790 3.4%
93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 4,260 $9.50 $10.41 $21,650 2.7%
93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand 620 $7.43 $8.86 $18,420 4.4%
93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 9,390 $8.22 $9.11 $18,950 1.2%
93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 117,560 $8.14 $9.00 $18,720 0.8%
93999 All Other Hand Workers 71,130 $7.66 $8.69 $18,080 1.2%
 Plant and System Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 11,790 $19.04 $19.70 $40,980 2.2%
95005 Gas Plant Operators 210 $24.21 $24.76 $51,490 3.7%
95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 1,680 $18.22 $17.97 $37,370 1.7%
95011 Petroleum Pump System Operators 530 $20.50 $19.62 $40,810 2.5%
95014 Petroleum Refinery and Control Panel Operators 2,900 $22.23 $21.58 $44,880 2.3%
95017 Gaugers 640 $21.46 $20.55 $42,730 3.1%
95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 3,980 $22.05 $22.68 $47,170 2.3%
95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power 450 $20.85 $20.53 $42,700 2.7%
95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 1,330 $28.78 $26.89 $55,920 2.1%
95032 Stationary Engineers 3,020 $22.24 $22.81 $47,440 1.7%
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 16,050 $10.29 $13.70 $28,490 6.0%
 Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 110,740 $14.36 $14.77 $30,720 0.6%
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 143,680 $9.95 $10.81 $22,490 0.9%
97108 Bus Drivers 32,000 $14.05 $13.40 $27,870 2.4%
97111 Bus Drivers, School 23,910 $11.13 $11.32 $23,540 1.4%
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 8,170 $7.46 $8.87 $18,440 3.0%
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 32,240 $8.79 $10.30 $21,420 1.8%
97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 5,800 $9.01 $10.14 $21,090 3.6%
97302 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 1,150 $27.07 $27.04 $56,250 5.8%
97305 Locomotive Engineers 1,860 $23.82 $26.34 $54,790 8.9%
97308 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 330 $17.82 $17.90 $37,220 2.5%
97311 Locomotive Firers 190 $19.58 $24.83 $51,650 15.6%
97314 Subway and Streetcar Operators 1,480 $18.82 $19.01 $39,530 2.9%
97317 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 1,740 $19.73 $20.45 $42,530 3.7%
97502 Captains, Water Vessel 1,100 $17.74 $18.73 $38,960 2.3%
97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 500 $12.19 $13.58 $28,240 4.5%
97508 Pilots, Ship 70 $26.78 $25.28 $52,580 9.2%
97511 Motorboat Operators 50 $17.89 $17.44 $36,270 2.3%
97514 Able Seamen 310 $14.95 $16.18 $33,660 5.9%
97517 Ordinary Seamen and Marine Oilers 270 $13.03 $13.06 $27,170 6.2%
97521 Ship Engineers 160 $20.50 $21.14 $43,980 3.0%
97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 7,570 * * $85,830 12.3%
97802 Bridge, Lock, and Lighthouse Tenders 140 $15.21 $15.32 $31,860 1.8%
97805 Service Station Attendants 10,520 $7.10 $7.77 $16,160 1.2%
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 13,820 $6.34 $6.94 $14,440 1.5%
97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 16,880 $9.41 $11.10 $23,090 5.7%
97902 Longshore Equipment Operators 470 $20.80 $21.25 $44,190 4.0%
97905 Tank Car and Truck Loaders 270 $15.71 $14.96 $31,110 2.4%
97908 Oil Pumpers, Except Wellhead 130 $15.82 $16.73 $34,800 2.0%
97911 Wellhead Pumpers 320 $17.60 $17.16 $35,680 4.9%
97921 Gas Compressor Operators 90 $18.90 $19.38 $40,310 2.7%
97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 4,760 $17.81 $19.32 $40,200 1.8%
97926 Dragline Operators (*) $9.48 $12.00 $24,960 2.4%
97928 Dredge Operators 40 $17.74 $18.88 $39,270 3.6%
97932 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 110 $14.91 $16.01 $33,300 3.8%
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 5,740 $18.80 $20.78 $43,230 2.3%
97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 1,060 $14.26 $15.48 $32,200 3.0%
97944 Crane and Tower Operators 2,430 $16.74 $18.65 $38,780 3.3%
97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 42,050 $11.26 $12.07 $25,110 1.3%
97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 3,060 $9.69 $10.54 $21,920 2.0%
97953 Pump Operators 690 $20.51 $18.98 $39,480 6.8%
97956 Operating Engineers 14,540 $23.04 $23.45 $48,780 1.5%
97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 19,530 $13.63 $15.59 $32,430 3.8%
97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 4,070 $12.80 $13.21 $27,470 1.7%
 Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 27,730 $9.07 $10.26 $21,340 1.4%
98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 6,020 $12.43 $13.50 $28,080 2.5%
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 20,110 $9.74 $10.44 $21,720 1.8%
98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 5,570 $11.91 $13.31 $27,690 4.6%
98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 6,520 $8.87 $9.90 $20,590 3.3%
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 7,610 $10.14 $11.01 $22,900 4.1%
98316 Helpers, Roofers 4,450 $8.00 $8.54 $17,770 2.2%
98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 22,720 $10.09 $11.39 $23,700 4.8%
98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 1,540 $9.04 $10.90 $22,670 5.5%
98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 15,850 $7.97 $9.02 $18,770 1.3%
98702 Stevedores, Except Equipment Operators 3,960 $20.41 $18.21 $37,870 5.6%
98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 11,430 $11.89 $12.69 $26,400 2.3%
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 76,730 $8.43 $9.35 $19,450 1.0%
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 113,250 $6.71 $7.51 $15,630 0.7%
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 35,890 $6.50 $7.59 $15,790 1.4%
98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 203,120 $8.34 $9.44 $19,640 1.7%

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

# = Median hourly wage is over $60.01 per hour.

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1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001