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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

District of Columbia REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for the District of Columbia have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the District of Columbia's minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the Statewide estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes. The changes to hourly mean wage estimates for the District of Columbia ranged between a decrease of 70 cents to an increase of 55 cents per hour.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Occupational divisions in the District of Columbia:

Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments.

Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
 Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
13002 Financial Managers 4,110 $31.56 $30.50 $63,430 2.0%
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 1,530 $30.03 $28.53 $59,340 3.0%
13008 Purchasing Managers 600 $24.81 $25.04 $52,090 3.9%
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 3,010 $28.85 $28.69 $59,680 2.2%
13014 Administrative Services Managers 3,230 $21.87 $24.38 $50,710 1.8%
 Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
15005 Education Administrators 2,170 $26.04 $26.14 $54,370 2.9%
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 1,170 $29.20 $27.65 $57,520 2.7%
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 1,030 $18.49 $20.28 $42,180 4.4%
15014 Industrial Production Managers 180 $36.96 $34.07 $70,860 2.8%
15017 Construction Managers 590 $31.53 $29.65 $61,670 3.0%
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 1,190 $34.33 $32.78 $68,180 6.2%
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 2,570 $13.48 $15.06 $31,330 7.5%
 Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 20,670 $36.27 $35.08 $72,970 2.1%
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 11,720 $29.68 $29.19 $60,710 2.1%
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
 Management Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 100 $19.29 $23.04 $47,930 8.3%
21105 Credit Analysts 50 $17.78 $19.16 $39,850 2.9%
21111 Tax Preparers (*) $20.99 $23.08 $48,010 3.0%
21114 Accountants and Auditors 9,150 $24.19 $25.70 $53,450 4.4%
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 1,620 $20.10 $23.60 $49,090 3.0%
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (*) $13.92 $15.46 $32,150 5.5%
21505 Special Agents, Insurance (*) $15.75 $14.69 $30,560 9.4%
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 200 $17.22 $23.47 $48,820 8.5%
21902 Cost Estimators 200 $22.70 $23.47 $48,820 3.6%
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 280 $21.14 $21.85 $45,450 2.7%
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 150 $14.11 $15.85 $32,960 2.3%
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 8,730 $19.95 $24.86 $51,710 3.9%
 Engineers and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 1,100 $29.96 $28.61 $59,510 4.0%
22123 Agricultural Engineers 140 $33.04 $32.10 $66,770 5.5%
22127 Computer Engineers 1,540 $33.07 $31.75 $66,040 9.5%
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 80 $34.33 $31.08 $64,650 5.3%
22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 100 $29.49 $28.20 $58,660 4.5%
22135 Mechanical Engineers 670 $28.18 $27.41 $57,010 8.4%
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 2,150 $15.35 $19.86 $41,310 8.5%
22308 Landscape Architects (*) $22.15 $24.41 $50,770 11.4%
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 70 $22.71 $23.09 $48,040 4.8%
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 340 $16.82 $18.45 $38,370 3.0%
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 540 $17.66 $18.78 $39,060 3.0%
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 290 $20.18 $21.72 $45,180 3.3%
22514 Drafters 1,090 $16.17 $17.53 $36,450 1.4%
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (*) $14.77 $14.45 $30,060 2.1%
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 1,290 $20.86 $19.89 $41,370 3.6%
 Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 370 $27.60 $27.75 $57,710 3.6%
24399 All Other Life Scientists (*) $17.77 $21.06 $43,790 7.1%
24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 1,110 $12.20 $13.42 $27,910 3.8%
 Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
25103 Data Base Administrators 770 $21.28 $22.99 $47,810 2.4%
25104 Computer Support Specialists 2,610 $18.93 $19.79 $41,170 1.1%
25105 Computer Programmers 2,560 $22.48 $24.09 $50,100 2.2%
25108 Computer Programmer Aides 800 $16.72 $17.22 $35,820 2.7%
25199 All Other Computer Scientists 480 $23.31 $25.38 $52,800 3.1%
 Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
27108 Psychologists 1,250 $20.80 $23.00 $47,840 2.9%
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 640 $17.97 $19.99 $41,580 2.9%
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 870 $16.72 $17.50 $36,390 3.8%
27307 Residential Counselors 1,370 $8.10 $9.24 $19,220 4.9%
27308 Human Services Workers 760 $10.48 $12.65 $26,320 8.4%
27311 Recreation Workers 870 $10.23 $11.07 $23,020 3.1%
27502 Clergy 160 $14.90 $15.98 $33,230 4.6%
27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 240 $15.97 $17.65 $36,700 16.3%
 Law and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
28108 Lawyers 21,550 $43.61 $41.02 $85,330 3.3%
28305 Paralegal Personnel 4,460 $17.55 $18.82 $39,150 1.8%
28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 240 $16.42 $17.60 $36,600 5.8%
 Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 230 * * $46,870 2.8%
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $51,690 3.0%
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $55,380 4.0%
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $47,320 6.1%
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $42,930 4.2%
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 250 * * $42,230 3.2%
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 470 * * $37,550 5.2%
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 300 * * $45,090 3.2%
31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 330 * * $62,200 3.9%
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 210 * * $44,410 5.8%
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 160 * * $48,860 4.5%
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 160 * * $56,120 4.6%
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $46,980 5.1%
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $51,070 3.9%
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $48,960 4.6%
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $43,140 8.5%
31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $79,210 13.5%
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 320 * * $38,820 10.7%
31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $46,410 3.6%
31303 Teachers, Preschool 1,240 $12.49 $14.79 $30,770 9.4%
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 490 $12.74 $17.12 $35,600 10.4%
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 800 $12.49 $13.66 $28,420 4.5%
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 940 * * $34,400 6.6%
31502 Librarians, Professional 1,640 $22.78 $23.54 $48,960 3.1%
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 690 $12.56 $13.01 $27,060 2.9%
 Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 2,660 $48.96 $42.22 $87,820 7.9%
32105 Dentists 220 $37.02 $33.12 $68,890 14.7%
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 60 $31.57 $30.20 $62,820 5.4%
32302 Respiratory Therapists 400 $16.71 $17.16 $35,700 1.1%
32305 Occupational Therapists 290 $21.83 $22.54 $46,870 2.4%
32308 Physical Therapists 450 $25.29 $25.65 $53,340 3.6%
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 400 $27.32 $28.55 $59,380 3.0%
32317 Recreational Therapists 130 $16.74 $16.98 $35,330 2.3%
32502 Registered Nurses 9,700 $22.81 $22.87 $47,570 2.5%
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 2,140 $14.49 $15.07 $31,340 2.3%
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians (*) $11.32 $12.35 $25,680 2.8%
32511 Physician Assistants 260 $26.29 $24.19 $50,310 3.5%
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 290 $15.54 $16.14 $33,570 4.5%
32517 Pharmacists 690 $30.51 $27.95 $58,140 3.3%
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 510 $9.11 $9.66 $20,100 9.4%
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 230 $21.60 $22.56 $46,910 3.2%
32523 Dietetic Technicians 190 $6.73 $8.14 $16,940 7.0%
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 950 $17.76 $17.75 $36,920 3.4%
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 700 $13.89 $14.61 $30,400 1.2%
32908 Dental Hygienists 390 $18.32 $21.31 $44,320 11.2%
32911 Medical Records Technicians 640 $11.67 $12.09 $25,140 2.5%
32913 Radiation Therapists 80 $14.13 $15.75 $32,750 5.6%
32919 Radiologic Technologists 560 $16.33 $16.38 $34,060 2.2%
32931 Psychiatric Technicians 50 $10.76 $11.92 $24,790 4.4%
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 30 $11.84 $12.67 $26,360 6.3%
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 2,760 $16.28 $19.86 $41,310 3.7%
 Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
34002 Writers and Editors 4,020 $21.84 $23.78 $49,460 3.9%
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 890 $18.37 $19.24 $40,010 4.2%
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 2,830 $28.81 $29.42 $61,190 3.7%
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 1,980 $25.84 $25.14 $52,290 6.7%
34014 Broadcast News Analysts 150 $18.22 $19.82 $41,230 6.3%
34023 Photographers 470 $20.19 $19.85 $41,290 6.0%
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 100 $10.27 $14.65 $30,480 8.2%
34028 Broadcast Technicians 500 $23.59 $22.28 $46,350 6.5%
34032 Film Editors 150 $15.03 $18.54 $38,550 6.5%
34035 Artists and Related Workers 730 $17.42 $19.11 $39,760 3.5%
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 1,090 $22.07 $22.42 $46,640 4.5%
34041 Interior Designers 60 $15.53 $18.48 $38,440 4.4%
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 60 $10.15 $10.44 $21,720 1.7%
34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 40 * * $29,010 6.7%
34051 Musicians, Instrumental 510 * * $31,820 19.4%
34053 Dancers and Choreographers 110 $6.17 $7.39 $15,370 4.7%
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 680 * * $36,520 5.0%
34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 70 * * $38,660 5.0%
 Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 30 $22.32 $22.33 $46,450 6.6%
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 23,110 $22.90 $23.67 $49,220 3.5%
Sales and Related Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 4,430 $16.92 $18.72 $38,940 2.8%
 Sales Occupations, Services top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 640 $18.89 $20.00 $41,600 5.7%
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 1,780 $25.22 $30.44 $63,310 5.8%
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 1,310 $16.83 $18.15 $37,740 3.1%
43021 Travel Agents 710 $13.08 $14.10 $29,320 5.1%
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 400 $16.53 $19.47 $40,510 10.7%
43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 330 $14.65 $16.39 $34,090 2.1%
 Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 530 $22.10 $25.17 $52,360 3.5%
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 1,110 $17.88 $19.23 $40,000 2.6%
49011 Salespersons, Retail 5,160 $9.02 $10.26 $21,350 1.8%
49014 Salespersons, Parts 120 $9.58 $10.61 $22,060 4.7%
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 880 $8.22 $8.57 $17,810 5.0%
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 2,790 $9.03 $9.99 $20,770 5.8%
49023 Cashiers 3,660 $8.05 $8.54 $17,770 1.6%
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 750 $10.43 $11.55 $24,030 14.1%
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 40 $9.08 $10.62 $22,080 12.2%
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 1,230 $12.91 $14.51 $30,180 2.7%
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 10,600 $19.81 $25.02 $52,040 4.5%
 Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
53102 Tellers 1,760 $10.71 $10.21 $21,230 3.6%
53105 New Accounts Clerks 100 $11.62 $11.87 $24,690 1.7%
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 260 $11.09 $11.23 $23,360 1.6%
53123 Adjustment Clerks 1,850 $10.87 $11.61 $24,150 2.9%
53128 Brokerage Clerks 160 $13.37 $14.30 $29,750 1.6%
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 590 $15.65 $18.87 $39,250 6.4%
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 300 $11.77 $12.81 $26,650 3.8%
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 240 $14.35 $14.65 $30,470 3.3%
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 660 $12.46 $13.07 $27,190 3.0%
53802 Travel Clerks (*) $10.93 $11.04 $22,970 2.7%
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 630 $12.35 $12.36 $25,720 5.2%
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 700 $8.77 $9.12 $18,970 3.6%
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 340 $11.24 $11.69 $24,310 3.3%
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 220 $11.09 $11.02 $22,930 3.5%
53914 Real Estate Clerks (*) $9.72 $10.38 $21,580 4.8%
 Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 6,890 $20.79 $20.85 $43,380 1.1%
55105 Medical Secretaries 750 $11.64 $11.73 $24,390 2.6%
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 23,590 $14.44 $14.91 $31,020 1.1%
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 360 $13.22 $14.71 $30,590 5.0%
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 7,100 $10.47 $10.58 $22,010 1.1%
55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 4,260 $12.15 $13.16 $27,380 1.1%
55317 Correspondence Clerks 80 $11.73 $10.88 $22,620 5.8%
55321 File Clerks 1,370 $9.83 $10.49 $21,810 2.5%
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 1,040 $11.30 $11.95 $24,850 2.0%
55328 Statistical Clerks 370 $13.35 $13.67 $28,440 3.0%
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 530 $10.18 $10.83 $22,520 2.4%
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 370 $13.08 $13.79 $28,690 4.1%
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 7,400 $14.97 $16.40 $34,110 1.4%
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 760 $14.51 $14.49 $30,130 1.6%
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 790 $13.92 $14.06 $29,250 1.4%
 Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 90 $13.48 $12.99 $27,010 2.1%
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 520 $12.13 $11.77 $24,480 3.7%
56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling (*) $10.24 $11.31 $23,530 5.7%
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 200 $11.12 $11.74 $24,420 3.0%
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 1,550 $10.90 $11.61 $24,140 1.3%
56021 Data Keyers, Composing 170 $12.75 $12.90 $26,840 1.7%
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators (*) $9.97 $10.55 $21,940 1.2%
 Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 770 $11.30 $11.48 $23,870 0.8%
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 1,260 $11.38 $11.38 $23,660 0.9%
57311 Messengers 420 $9.27 $9.39 $19,530 1.9%
 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 330 $10.39 $11.23 $23,360 2.4%
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 360 $14.95 $14.55 $30,270 3.7%
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 1,600 $10.84 $11.22 $23,330 1.0%
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 190 $8.41 $14.57 $30,310 8.7%
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 300 $16.73 $16.44 $34,190 2.5%
Service Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 520 $11.40 $11.89 $24,730 4.1%
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 2,200 $13.59 $14.38 $29,910 3.1%
 Protective Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 8,720 $11.02 $10.83 $22,520 3.4%
 Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 1,800 $9.17 $9.04 $18,810 4.1%
65005 Bartenders 1,280 $7.69 $8.61 $17,900 4.0%
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 6,760 $6.42 $7.84 $16,300 3.0%
65011 Food Servers, Outside 500 $7.77 $8.89 $18,490 6.6%
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 1,680 $7.11 $7.92 $16,480 3.6%
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 650 $6.85 $7.43 $15,460 2.3%
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 550 $9.58 $9.86 $20,500 2.0%
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 370 $12.11 $12.00 $24,970 8.8%
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 2,780 $10.34 $11.31 $23,520 2.4%
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 1,320 $10.96 $11.32 $23,550 2.1%
65032 Cooks, Fast Food (*) $7.27 $7.36 $15,310 4.2%
65035 Cooks, Short Order 970 $7.94 $7.95 $16,540 4.8%
65038 Food Preparation Workers 4,290 $8.27 $8.39 $17,450 1.9%
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 2,060 $8.17 $8.96 $18,630 2.4%
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 1,200 $8.42 $9.63 $20,030 1.8%
 Health Service and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
66002 Dental Assistants 450 $14.32 $13.99 $29,110 2.5%
66005 Medical Assistants 760 $12.55 $13.21 $27,480 3.1%
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 3,400 $8.65 $9.15 $19,040 1.5%
66011 Home Health Aides (*) $7.26 $7.89 $16,420 2.0%
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 240 $10.05 $10.80 $22,470 4.6%
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 110 $9.73 $10.97 $22,820 6.4%
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 620 $10.86 $11.32 $23,540 3.7%
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,450 $8.70 $8.91 $18,520 3.0%
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 16,320 $8.59 $9.34 $19,420 1.6%
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 1,120 $12.05 $11.88 $24,710 4.6%
 Personal Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
68002 Barbers (*) $35.05 $29.90 $62,200 12.2%
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 720 $10.58 $12.41 $25,820 10.2%
68008 Manicurists 200 $11.69 $11.40 $23,710 4.7%
68011 Shampooers 100 $7.55 $7.78 $16,190 10.3%
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (*) $6.51 $7.54 $15,680 6.3%
68017 Guides 200 $7.73 $10.04 $20,870 7.5%
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 550 $7.45 $7.55 $15,700 2.3%
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 440 $7.68 $8.87 $18,460 1.9%
68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants (*) $13.02 $12.46 $25,920 3.0%
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,020 $7.65 $7.75 $16,110 2.0%
68038 Child Care Workers 1,150 $8.95 $10.03 $20,850 9.8%
68041 Funeral Attendants 40 $11.47 $11.50 $23,920 6.2%
 Other Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 1,880 $9.02 $11.28 $23,460 4.0%
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 90 $13.59 $15.92 $33,100 2.3%
 Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,190 $10.12 $10.41 $21,660 1.8%
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 670 $22.55 $23.28 $48,430 3.9%
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 800 $22.56 $24.32 $50,580 3.4%
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 570 $22.78 $23.12 $48,100 4.9%
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 340 $18.54 $19.68 $40,940 2.4%
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 170 $18.12 $18.00 $37,440 3.9%
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 330 $16.86 $18.13 $37,720 9.7%
 Inspectors and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 60 $17.34 $17.58 $36,580 10.1%
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 390 $12.30 $13.03 $27,100 4.1%
83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers (*) $13.54 $14.18 $29,500 1.5%
 Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 100 $14.45 $15.10 $31,420 5.9%
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 4,590 $13.21 $13.71 $28,510 2.0%
85302 Automotive Mechanics 530 $16.12 $15.58 $32,420 6.9%
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 90 $11.40 $13.40 $27,870 5.4%
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 150 $15.64 $16.94 $35,240 3.0%
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 50 $17.75 $17.64 $36,690 2.4%
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers (*) $21.44 $20.50 $42,640 5.0%
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 60 $19.07 $19.57 $40,710 4.5%
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 400 $20.92 $19.05 $39,620 7.4%
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 540 $18.41 $18.78 $39,070 3.1%
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 70 $16.71 $17.24 $35,860 1.6%
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers (*) $10.85 $12.87 $26,770 5.6%
 Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
87102 Carpenters 1,620 $14.31 $15.86 $32,990 7.6%
87202 Electricians 2,240 $20.00 $21.92 $45,600 12.6%
87302 Brickmasons 100 $18.87 $19.22 $39,980 4.3%
87305 Stonemasons 130 $17.35 $17.73 $36,890 2.4%
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 300 $14.05 $13.58 $28,260 5.1%
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 630 $14.16 $14.55 $30,270 5.1%
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 770 $19.02 $19.44 $40,440 2.1%
87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 50 $12.98 $13.70 $28,500 3.2%
 Precision Production Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
89108 Machinists 300 $18.94 $19.74 $41,060 2.6%
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 280 $18.59 $19.18 $39,900 2.1%
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 150 $10.53 $11.86 $24,680 3.0%
89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics (*) $7.72 $7.78 $16,190 4.0%
89706 Paste-Up Workers (*) $16.01 $15.02 $31,230 2.2%
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators (*) $18.15 $17.42 $36,220 5.4%
89717 Strippers 30 $22.33 $22.90 $47,620 5.9%
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 100 $15.38 $15.12 $31,460 1.4%
89999 All Other Precision Workers 110 $18.97 $16.82 $34,980 3.9%
 Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $11.03 $11.09 $23,060 2.4%
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment (*) $11.30 $11.18 $23,260 2.8%
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 540 $8.32 $9.02 $18,750 3.5%
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 340 $7.59 $7.53 $15,660 1.7%
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $11.45 $13.23 $27,510 2.2%
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $8.13 $10.07 $20,950 2.5%
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 330 $9.13 $11.33 $23,570 14.1%
 Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
93999 All Other Hand Workers (*) $7.50 $7.94 $16,520 5.6%
 Plant and System Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
95032 Stationary Engineers 450 $16.04 $18.51 $38,510 3.3%
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 400 $12.47 $14.16 $29,450 2.0%
 Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 580 $13.28 $13.52 $28,120 1.1%
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,920 $10.24 $10.85 $22,570 2.1%
97108 Bus Drivers 440 $12.97 $13.45 $27,970 1.7%
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 180 $9.23 $10.06 $20,930 5.6%
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 720 $9.98 $10.47 $21,780 3.6%
97805 Service Station Attendants 90 $6.89 $7.25 $15,080 4.9%
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 1,730 $10.10 $9.24 $19,220 5.2%
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 50 $17.84 $17.72 $36,850 2.9%
97956 Operating Engineers 290 $17.25 $17.65 $36,710 1.8%
 Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 40 $8.47 $9.12 $18,960 2.6%
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 200 $10.96 $10.87 $22,620 7.0%
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 50 $11.76 $11.02 $22,910 3.7%
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 630 $14.26 $15.00 $31,190 11.6%
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 530 $7.14 $8.01 $16,670 3.1%
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 310 $7.70 $11.05 $22,980 4.2%

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

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1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001