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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Iowa

Occupational divisions in Iowa:

Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments.

Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
 Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
13002 Financial Managers 5,180 $21.98 $23.62 $49,130 1.7%
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 2,450 $19.32 $21.05 $43,780 1.8%
13008 Purchasing Managers 1,600 $17.82 $19.04 $39,600 1.3%
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 3,480 $21.25 $23.16 $48,170 1.5%
13014 Administrative Services Managers 5,460 $16.85 $19.28 $40,110 1.5%
13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 2,620 $31.33 $29.29 $60,920 3.0%
 Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 880 $20.27 $20.51 $42,660 0.5%
15005 Education Administrators 4,440 $27.31 $26.04 $54,160 1.4%
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 3,210 $18.84 $19.93 $41,450 2.2%
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 1,130 $11.51 $15.21 $31,640 5.7%
15014 Industrial Production Managers 2,790 $23.05 $24.67 $51,320 1.5%
15017 Construction Managers 1,930 $18.35 $19.74 $41,060 2.0%
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 2,000 $19.69 $21.36 $44,420 5.0%
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 3,820 $9.30 $10.66 $22,160 2.5%
15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 120 $9.55 $12.62 $26,250 7.3%
15032 Lawn Service Managers 230 $11.46 $11.79 $24,530 8.5%
 Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 1,890 $6.12 $8.74 $18,170 5.8%
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 43,140 $21.16 $25.16 $52,340 1.1%
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 9,570 $18.53 $19.92 $41,440 2.6%
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
 Management Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 1,440 $17.78 $17.91 $37,250 2.9%
21105 Credit Analysts 380 $19.15 $20.32 $42,260 4.3%
21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 3,300 $17.01 $19.20 $39,930 2.2%
21111 Tax Preparers 510 $13.10 $13.29 $27,640 5.2%
21114 Accountants and Auditors 6,760 $16.13 $17.15 $35,670 1.9%
21117 Budget Analysts 340 $19.46 $20.47 $42,580 1.3%
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 1,490 $16.53 $18.45 $38,380 2.5%
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 820 $14.55 $15.74 $32,730 1.2%
21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 440 $16.64 $16.74 $34,820 1.9%
21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,710 $16.75 $17.38 $36,140 1.5%
21505 Special Agents, Insurance 280 $17.21 $17.05 $35,470 4.7%
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 580 $16.49 $18.86 $39,230 9.4%
21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 2,450 $17.59 $19.03 $39,590 1.6%
21902 Cost Estimators 1,180 $17.74 $19.01 $39,540 1.8%
21905 Management Analysts 1,210 $21.00 $21.67 $45,060 2.8%
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 340 $17.06 $16.87 $35,080 1.5%
21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 1,210 $16.80 $17.37 $36,140 1.6%
21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 310 $19.55 $21.22 $44,150 2.7%
21917 Assessors 230 $15.87 $16.05 $33,370 5.4%
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 830 $15.09 $17.09 $35,560 2.2%
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 8,510 $17.31 $18.77 $39,040 1.6%
 Engineers and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 70 $23.70 $24.68 $51,330 2.2%
22114 Chemical Engineers 250 $25.14 $25.54 $53,120 4.1%
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 910 $22.78 $23.74 $49,370 2.1%
22123 Agricultural Engineers 110 $24.62 $25.61 $53,280 3.6%
22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 5,910 $27.64 $27.14 $56,460 5.2%
22127 Computer Engineers 2,200 $24.06 $24.41 $50,780 3.7%
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 1,310 $21.96 $22.91 $47,650 1.5%
22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 120 $21.66 $23.11 $48,070 5.8%
22135 Mechanical Engineers 2,440 $23.43 $24.38 $50,720 1.6%
22199 All Other Engineers 2,050 $22.46 $23.94 $49,800 1.8%
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 350 $19.66 $21.82 $45,380 3.1%
22308 Landscape Architects 130 $16.37 $17.77 $36,970 5.3%
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 300 $15.23 $17.48 $36,370 5.8%
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 470 $15.59 $15.88 $33,020 2.4%
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 3,090 $15.95 $16.56 $34,440 1.9%
22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 480 $17.17 $17.11 $35,600 1.1%
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,160 $20.58 $20.99 $43,650 2.1%
22514 Drafters 2,380 $13.55 $14.02 $29,150 0.8%
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 500 $13.85 $14.54 $30,250 1.6%
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 1,690 $14.77 $16.09 $33,470 1.0%
 Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 420 $20.43 $20.50 $42,630 2.3%
24108 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 40 $23.50 $23.49 $48,850 4.8%
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 60 $19.16 $20.16 $41,930 2.6%
24199 All Other Physical Scientists 150 $18.55 $19.80 $41,190 1.8%
24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 330 $20.92 $20.91 $43,490 1.8%
24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 210 $21.87 $23.24 $48,330 3.8%
24308 Biological Scientists 350 $18.07 $20.63 $42,900 3.8%
24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 860 $12.77 $12.67 $26,360 1.3%
24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 540 $14.05 $14.23 $29,610 4.5%
24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 750 $13.39 $13.84 $28,790 2.1%
 Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 3,590 $22.16 $22.76 $47,340 1.3%
25103 Data Base Administrators 770 $21.38 $22.34 $46,460 2.1%
25104 Computer Support Specialists 4,030 $15.77 $16.77 $34,870 1.3%
25105 Computer Programmers 4,850 $20.31 $20.65 $42,960 1.3%
25108 Computer Programmer Aides 1,030 $13.60 $14.29 $29,720 3.1%
25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 160 $17.73 $17.43 $36,260 1.7%
25199 All Other Computer Scientists 840 $19.46 $20.90 $43,470 5.3%
25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 450 $21.19 $22.46 $46,710 1.8%
25313 Actuaries 290 $34.00 $32.84 $68,310 5.0%
25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 230 $17.56 $19.06 $39,640 2.1%
25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists (*) $21.05 $22.06 $45,880 5.2%
 Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 320 $21.77 $22.86 $47,560 1.8%
27105 Urban and Regional Planners 250 $17.84 $19.25 $40,030 3.0%
27108 Psychologists 680 $20.54 $21.42 $44,560 2.3%
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 3,630 $15.26 $15.32 $31,860 3.1%
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 2,510 $12.31 $13.56 $28,210 1.7%
27307 Residential Counselors 3,160 $7.99 $8.96 $18,630 3.1%
27308 Human Services Workers 3,380 $8.41 $9.58 $19,930 3.0%
27311 Recreation Workers 2,660 $6.41 $8.05 $16,750 2.9%
27502 Clergy 200 $14.05 $13.85 $28,800 3.2%
27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 30 $11.16 $12.18 $25,330 10.1%
27599 All Other Religious Workers 40 $9.41 $9.87 $20,540 7.3%
 Law and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
28102 Judges and Magistrates 390 $28.55 $28.15 $58,560 1.9%
28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 280 $17.05 $18.51 $38,500 1.3%
28108 Lawyers 2,760 $28.47 $30.19 $62,790 5.1%
28302 Law Clerks 260 $15.51 $15.46 $32,160 1.7%
28305 Paralegal Personnel 1,030 $12.89 $13.35 $27,770 3.7%
28308 Title Searchers 140 $9.89 $10.03 $20,860 5.7%
28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 160 $9.85 $11.03 $22,940 5.5%
28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 520 $8.16 $10.64 $22,140 2.0%
 Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
31111 Lecturers 210 $17.05 $15.74 $32,730 5.1%
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 320 * * $42,250 3.2%
31201 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $50,590 8.5%
31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 210 * * $47,030 3.9%
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $49,990 4.3%
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $55,660 7.7%
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $52,260 7.5%
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 150 * * $39,250 5.3%
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 450 * * $38,930 4.3%
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $47,200 3.5%
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 500 * * $38,300 5.6%
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 250 * * $46,290 5.5%
31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $44,070 4.1%
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $49,390 7.7%
31232 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $52,680 8.8%
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $42,630 3.6%
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $46,530 2.4%
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $46,090 5.5%
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 140 * * $42,980 4.7%
31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $32,430 9.2%
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 460 * * $49,120 9.4%
31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $50,030 4.0%
31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $40,790 4.4%
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 320 * * $40,050 8.0%
31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 140 * * $45,940 3.0%
31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $44,410 4.5%
31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $48,200 5.1%
31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 2,740 * * $40,100 8.6%
31303 Teachers, Preschool 2,150 $7.50 $7.99 $16,620 2.8%
31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 400 * * $27,900 4.3%
31305 Teachers, Elementary School 18,420 * * $31,760 2.6%
31308 Teachers, Secondary School 20,630 * * $33,470 1.4%
31311 Teachers, Special Education 4,810 * * $32,070 1.3%
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 2,760 $14.92 $15.05 $31,300 3.7%
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 1,540 $11.94 $12.04 $25,040 3.3%
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 3,570 $6.72 $9.25 $19,230 3.4%
31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors 60 $17.14 $18.79 $39,080 12.1%
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 6,400 * * $40,170 13.4%
31502 Librarians, Professional 1,340 $13.67 $13.97 $29,050 3.4%
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 970 $10.82 $11.07 $23,020 3.1%
31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 90 $13.84 $14.35 $29,840 4.1%
31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 70 $10.70 $12.48 $25,960 4.3%
31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 1,290 $15.01 $14.78 $30,740 4.6%
31517 Instructional Coordinators 760 $17.69 $17.95 $37,330 1.7%
31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 4,540 $6.87 $7.12 $14,800 3.2%
 Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 3,910 # $50.26 $104,540 6.1%
32105 Dentists 680 # $50.00 $104,000 25.6%
32108 Optometrists 170 $34.84 $33.93 $70,580 13.1%
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 610 $22.55 $24.30 $50,550 3.9%
32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 130 $16.23 $17.72 $36,860 8.2%
32302 Respiratory Therapists 790 $14.73 $15.12 $31,460 1.1%
32305 Occupational Therapists 390 $22.91 $24.17 $50,280 4.1%
32308 Physical Therapists 860 $24.17 $25.06 $52,120 2.2%
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 470 $19.35 $19.81 $41,210 2.4%
32317 Recreational Therapists 330 $9.76 $10.63 $22,110 3.0%
32399 All Other Therapists 430 $15.05 $15.40 $32,030 1.5%
32502 Registered Nurses 24,800 $15.53 $16.04 $33,370 0.7%
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 7,740 $11.50 $11.87 $24,690 1.6%
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 1,870 $8.38 $8.97 $18,650 1.9%
32511 Physician Assistants 640 $23.71 $23.64 $49,160 4.4%
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 610 $9.43 $9.83 $20,440 2.8%
32517 Pharmacists 1,990 $26.67 $26.48 $55,070 1.6%
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,540 $8.56 $9.02 $18,770 1.6%
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 500 $15.72 $16.46 $34,240 1.5%
32523 Dietetic Technicians 290 $8.29 $8.98 $18,680 3.3%
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,440 $15.51 $15.55 $32,340 1.0%
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,360 $11.86 $12.12 $25,200 1.7%
32908 Dental Hygienists 1,210 $19.07 $19.02 $39,560 2.9%
32911 Medical Records Technicians 1,050 $8.45 $9.18 $19,100 1.6%
32913 Radiation Therapists 170 $13.36 $14.33 $29,810 2.2%
32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 70 $17.96 $18.35 $38,170 1.5%
32919 Radiologic Technologists 1,420 $13.26 $13.77 $28,630 1.0%
32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 70 $14.20 $13.79 $28,680 2.9%
32925 Cardiology Technologists 190 $14.05 $15.08 $31,360 1.9%
32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 70 $8.78 $10.94 $22,750 4.1%
32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 520 $11.17 $11.61 $24,140 0.9%
32931 Psychiatric Technicians 440 $8.34 $8.77 $18,240 3.5%
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 170 $8.96 $9.25 $19,230 3.0%
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 4,980 $10.23 $13.04 $27,120 3.9%
 Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
34002 Writers and Editors 1,840 $13.66 $15.58 $32,410 7.3%
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 450 $16.06 $17.01 $35,370 1.6%
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 600 $14.13 $15.16 $31,520 1.3%
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 630 $10.26 $12.53 $26,060 4.9%
34014 Broadcast News Analysts 90 $11.70 $16.35 $34,010 17.0%
34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 1,120 $7.05 $9.10 $18,920 4.1%
34021 Announcers, Except Radio and Television 50 $6.07 $6.11 $12,700 4.0%
34023 Photographers 770 $8.45 $10.06 $20,930 4.2%
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 70 $9.66 $11.37 $23,660 7.7%
34028 Broadcast Technicians 170 $9.03 $11.28 $23,460 7.2%
34032 Film Editors 30 $9.59 $10.97 $22,830 6.8%
34035 Artists and Related Workers 1,140 $12.44 $13.11 $27,280 1.8%
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 2,300 $9.84 $11.81 $24,560 1.7%
34041 Interior Designers 320 $12.23 $12.73 $26,480 4.0%
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 390 $7.90 $8.15 $16,950 1.7%
34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 30 * * $26,550 3.7%
34051 Musicians, Instrumental 420 * * $24,640 9.8%
34053 Dancers and Choreographers 190 $7.92 $9.30 $19,340 5.8%
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 210 * * $28,290 3.9%
34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 160 * * $29,250 17.1%
 Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
39002 Airplane Dispatchers and Air Traffic Controllers 180 $25.21 $24.01 $49,940 3.9%
39008 Radio Operators 40 $11.62 $12.76 $26,530 2.3%
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 450 $17.72 $21.68 $45,100 15.4%
39014 Embalmers 50 $12.79 $12.75 $26,520 9.3%
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 8,390 $14.62 $15.40 $32,040 1.1%
Sales and Related Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 21,270 $12.56 $14.65 $30,480 0.8%
 Sales Occupations, Services top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 2,860 $14.72 $18.05 $37,550 5.2%
43005 Brokers, Real Estate 320 $6.25 $11.48 $23,880 18.0%
43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 220 $10.42 $12.39 $25,780 6.7%
43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 350 $18.58 $23.48 $48,840 14.4%
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 1,300 $39.47 $36.76 $76,460 8.2%
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 1,770 $13.79 $16.06 $33,410 4.0%
43021 Travel Agents 750 $8.77 $9.09 $18,910 2.6%
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 1,640 $12.64 $14.59 $30,350 2.6%
43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 720 $15.48 $18.50 $38,480 6.3%
 Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
49002 Sales Engineers 680 $23.96 $25.06 $52,130 3.1%
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 4,250 $18.12 $22.02 $45,800 5.3%
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 12,800 $15.62 $18.02 $37,470 1.7%
49011 Salespersons, Retail 45,820 $7.12 $8.59 $17,860 1.0%
49014 Salespersons, Parts 3,930 $10.80 $11.46 $23,830 1.4%
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 3,150 $6.20 $6.73 $14,010 1.6%
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 16,500 $6.34 $6.90 $14,340 0.7%
49023 Cashiers 36,000 $6.32 $6.75 $14,050 0.5%
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 9,350 $7.64 $8.55 $17,780 2.9%
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 1,290 $8.63 $9.98 $20,750 5.1%
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 3,470 $10.04 $11.49 $23,890 1.8%
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 16,800 $13.92 $15.51 $32,260 1.0%
 Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
53102 Tellers 7,650 $7.80 $7.91 $16,450 0.8%
53105 New Accounts Clerks 990 $9.24 $9.39 $19,540 1.5%
53108 Transit Clerks 130 $8.04 $8.57 $17,830 2.1%
53111 Loan Interviewers 200 $9.94 $10.70 $22,260 12.3%
53117 Credit Checkers 840 $9.50 $9.60 $19,960 1.8%
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 1,800 $10.27 $10.37 $21,560 1.7%
53123 Adjustment Clerks 7,810 $9.30 $9.47 $19,700 1.9%
53126 Statement Clerks 50 $8.77 $9.42 $19,590 3.9%
53128 Brokerage Clerks (*) $11.06 $11.11 $23,110 1.8%
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 2,310 $16.52 $17.18 $35,740 2.7%
53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 100 $18.95 $19.09 $39,700 2.2%
53308 Insurance Examining Clerks (*) $9.37 $9.83 $20,450 2.1%
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 2,820 $9.96 $10.31 $21,440 2.0%
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 3,020 $10.98 $11.11 $23,110 1.6%
53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 990 $16.53 $15.82 $32,910 1.0%
53505 Investigators, Clerical 110 $11.14 $11.19 $23,280 4.2%
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 2,400 $9.67 $10.37 $21,580 1.6%
53702 Court Clerks 740 $11.59 $11.16 $23,200 0.6%
53705 Municipal Clerks 560 $9.86 $9.70 $20,170 4.8%
53708 License Clerks 110 $11.42 $11.31 $23,530 1.8%
53802 Travel Clerks (*) $8.84 $9.38 $19,510 1.8%
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 670 $11.23 $13.06 $27,170 9.0%
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 2,210 $6.96 $6.93 $14,410 1.1%
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 1,220 $6.46 $7.58 $15,770 2.6%
53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 9,270 $6.92 $7.22 $15,030 1.6%
53908 Advertising Clerks 90 $7.63 $7.72 $16,050 2.2%
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 410 $7.91 $8.06 $16,770 1.2%
53914 Real Estate Clerks 230 $10.33 $10.43 $21,700 3.9%
 Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 2,540 $10.56 $10.90 $22,680 1.8%
55105 Medical Secretaries 2,870 $9.51 $9.79 $20,360 2.2%
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 27,280 $9.78 $10.16 $21,140 1.0%
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 1,260 $12.05 $13.36 $27,790 2.4%
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 13,430 $8.11 $8.33 $17,320 0.7%
55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 3,060 $10.19 $10.35 $21,530 0.8%
55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 960 $11.43 $11.86 $24,680 1.6%
55317 Correspondence Clerks 150 $9.62 $10.02 $20,830 5.0%
55321 File Clerks 1,930 $8.15 $8.76 $18,220 2.9%
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 3,380 $9.36 $9.80 $20,380 0.9%
55328 Statistical Clerks 580 $10.91 $11.75 $24,430 2.5%
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 1,100 $8.13 $8.40 $17,470 1.3%
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 2,320 $10.99 $12.41 $25,810 5.8%
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 23,590 $9.63 $10.17 $21,160 1.5%
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,300 $10.73 $11.05 $22,990 1.0%
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 2,930 $9.84 $10.21 $21,230 0.9%
55347 General Office Clerks 30,950 $8.84 $9.38 $19,500 0.9%
 Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 470 $9.22 $9.33 $19,410 1.1%
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 210 $10.08 $10.05 $20,900 1.6%
56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 1,550 $7.74 $8.01 $16,660 1.7%
56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,670 $11.88 $12.12 $25,200 1.2%
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 190 $9.03 $9.67 $20,100 3.1%
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 4,380 $8.32 $8.75 $18,200 2.2%
56021 Data Keyers, Composing 320 $8.58 $8.67 $18,040 1.1%
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 2,050 $10.43 $10.32 $21,470 0.8%
 Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 1,700 $8.43 $9.13 $18,990 6.1%
57108 Central Office Operators 650 $9.75 $11.70 $24,340 6.3%
57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators (*) $8.76 $10.98 $22,830 1.6%
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 1,290 $7.90 $8.34 $17,340 1.1%
57305 Postal Mail Carriers 4,330 $16.71 $16.42 $34,160 0.5%
57311 Messengers 840 $7.51 $7.67 $15,950 1.6%
 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 850 $10.93 $10.96 $22,790 2.5%
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,470 $12.74 $13.05 $27,150 2.4%
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 3,310 $13.84 $13.77 $28,630 1.4%
58011 Transportation Agents (*) $13.67 $16.48 $34,280 14.5%
58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 970 $13.89 $13.75 $28,610 4.9%
58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 840 $9.42 $10.35 $21,520 2.0%
58021 Marking Clerks 140 $8.30 $8.29 $17,240 4.5%
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 7,690 $8.98 $9.95 $20,700 1.3%
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 1,990 $7.99 $8.79 $18,280 1.7%
58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 9,040 $10.69 $11.54 $24,010 0.8%
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 1,230 $9.05 $10.69 $22,240 2.1%
Service Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 360 $15.21 $14.92 $31,030 2.3%
61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 730 $19.64 $20.00 $41,600 2.2%
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 900 $8.09 $8.69 $18,070 1.6%
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 7,010 $11.00 $12.27 $25,520 1.7%
 Protective Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
63002 Fire Inspectors 30 $20.63 $20.44 $42,510 1.8%
63008 Fire Fighters 1,970 $11.55 $11.07 $23,020 3.9%
63011 Police Detectives 250 $20.13 $19.91 $41,410 1.9%
63014 Police Patrol Officers 3,750 $15.74 $15.92 $33,110 1.5%
63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 2,880 $15.13 $14.83 $30,850 1.1%
63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 60 $11.73 $11.36 $23,640 2.3%
63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 770 $15.69 $15.76 $32,790 1.3%
63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public (*) $16.67 $15.96 $33,200 3.9%
63041 Fish and Game Wardens 120 $17.99 $18.16 $37,760 0.7%
63044 Crossing Guards 240 $7.73 $7.87 $16,380 3.5%
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 6,930 $7.58 $8.24 $17,140 1.9%
63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 1,360 $7.73 $8.92 $18,550 4.0%
 Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 2,180 $6.39 $6.61 $13,740 1.2%
65005 Bartenders 7,710 $6.25 $6.63 $13,780 2.4%
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 25,640 $5.80 $5.85 $12,160 0.9%
65011 Food Servers, Outside 540 $6.23 $6.65 $13,830 2.3%
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 3,530 $5.94 $6.21 $12,910 1.0%
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 5,710 $5.97 $6.11 $12,700 1.3%
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 1,380 $7.77 $8.04 $16,710 1.1%
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,730 $9.36 $10.21 $21,230 4.4%
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 9,240 $7.00 $7.17 $14,910 1.0%
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 10,720 $7.22 $7.42 $15,440 0.9%
65032 Cooks, Fast Food 6,000 $5.99 $6.33 $13,170 1.9%
65035 Cooks, Short Order 2,170 $6.35 $6.91 $14,370 3.5%
65038 Food Preparation Workers 14,280 $6.25 $6.58 $13,680 0.9%
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 18,700 $6.01 $6.36 $13,220 1.2%
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 3,720 $6.47 $6.90 $14,350 1.2%
 Health Service and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
66002 Dental Assistants 2,280 $9.91 $10.11 $21,020 5.2%
66005 Medical Assistants 5,220 $8.87 $9.06 $18,850 2.1%
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 18,040 $7.78 $7.94 $16,510 1.1%
66011 Home Health Aides 3,800 $7.79 $7.95 $16,530 1.0%
66014 Psychiatric Aides 150 $8.20 $8.55 $17,790 1.6%
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 930 $8.80 $10.16 $21,130 5.4%
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 140 $10.49 $11.63 $24,190 1.7%
66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 190 $6.60 $7.50 $15,590 3.6%
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 1,910 $8.43 $9.23 $19,190 2.0%
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 10,440 $6.67 $6.83 $14,200 0.8%
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 21,310 $7.90 $8.29 $17,240 0.8%
67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 520 $9.72 $10.06 $20,920 3.2%
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 2,350 $7.91 $8.33 $17,320 1.2%
 Personal Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
68002 Barbers 30 $10.59 $10.60 $22,040 5.9%
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 3,900 $7.46 $8.67 $18,030 4.6%
68008 Manicurists 50 $7.77 $8.08 $16,810 6.3%
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 5,170 $6.01 $6.39 $13,280 1.9%
68017 Guides 160 $6.39 $6.94 $14,430 2.7%
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 630 $5.89 $5.97 $12,420 1.8%
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 150 $6.10 $6.48 $13,470 1.4%
68028 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 50 $7.33 $7.95 $16,530 2.9%
68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 60 $7.37 $7.79 $16,200 2.2%
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 840 $7.38 $7.33 $15,240 1.7%
68038 Child Care Workers 7,180 $6.12 $6.52 $13,550 1.4%
68041 Funeral Attendants 300 $7.25 $7.40 $15,400 4.8%
 Other Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 3,120 $6.73 $7.96 $16,550 2.6%
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 250 $13.48 $15.25 $31,720 5.7%
 Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 710 $7.82 $8.87 $18,440 5.8%
79016 Animal Trainers (*) $9.59 $8.95 $18,610 9.3%
79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 840 $6.76 $7.81 $16,240 2.3%
79021 Farm Equipment Operators 50 $11.00 $12.01 $24,970 4.1%
79036 Sprayers/Applicators 310 $9.33 $9.87 $20,520 5.6%
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 8,150 $8.24 $9.00 $18,710 1.2%
79806 Veterinary Assistants 500 $8.24 $8.33 $17,330 2.6%
79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 370 $7.88 $8.20 $17,060 2.5%
79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 2,190 $9.12 $10.17 $21,140 3.1%
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,360 $16.23 $17.29 $35,970 1.1%
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 4,100 $16.66 $17.06 $35,480 1.5%
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 9,090 $17.02 $18.25 $37,960 1.4%
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,430 $15.87 $17.03 $35,430 1.9%
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,180 $12.40 $13.32 $27,700 1.2%
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 2,440 $14.66 $15.86 $32,990 1.7%
 Inspectors and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 1,180 $10.73 $11.39 $23,690 1.3%
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 4,160 $11.26 $11.78 $24,510 1.2%
83008 Transportation Inspectors 190 $18.89 $19.84 $41,260 2.8%
83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 340 $11.97 $12.29 $25,570 1.4%
 Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 4,060 $13.99 $14.57 $30,300 1.1%
85113 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Sewing Machines 30 $11.03 $11.10 $23,080 1.4%
85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 110 $9.95 $11.74 $24,420 1.7%
85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 270 $15.18 $15.27 $31,760 1.9%
85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 470 $13.09 $13.70 $28,500 1.7%
85123 Millwrights 990 $17.69 $16.76 $34,870 1.8%
85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 1,350 $12.85 $12.99 $27,020 1.0%
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 12,400 $10.79 $11.22 $23,340 1.0%
85302 Automotive Mechanics 7,710 $11.45 $12.14 $25,250 1.2%
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 2,250 $11.53 $12.30 $25,590 3.7%
85308 Motorcycle Repairers 150 $10.16 $9.41 $19,560 9.9%
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,880 $12.31 $12.69 $26,390 1.2%
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 880 $14.57 $15.43 $32,080 2.3%
85317 Rail Car Repairers 40 $13.27 $15.46 $32,170 11.2%
85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 2,310 $11.25 $11.65 $24,230 4.2%
85323 Aircraft Mechanics 420 $15.09 $14.76 $30,700 1.3%
85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists 30 $16.75 $16.41 $34,140 2.3%
85328 Small Engine Specialists 200 $9.82 $11.17 $23,240 6.9%
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 370 $21.06 $19.98 $41,560 2.7%
85511 Signal or Track Switch Maintainers 80 $18.62 $21.12 $43,940 4.0%
85514 Radio Mechanics (*) $15.24 $15.35 $31,930 3.7%
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 580 $21.10 $19.57 $40,710 2.2%
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 1,770 $15.47 $14.66 $30,480 3.1%
85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 450 $12.71 $13.41 $27,880 4.2%
85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 240 $9.53 $10.14 $21,080 2.4%
85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 480 $11.45 $11.44 $23,790 3.1%
85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 110 $12.87 $14.95 $31,100 3.1%
85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 430 $13.43 $14.13 $29,400 1.6%
85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 40 $22.51 $22.84 $47,500 2.5%
85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 2,090 $20.72 $19.77 $41,120 1.5%
85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 30 $20.43 $19.49 $40,540 4.4%
85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 220 $11.05 $12.22 $25,410 2.0%
85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 440 $17.73 $17.49 $36,380 2.9%
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 2,490 $13.37 $14.21 $29,560 2.9%
85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 140 $18.67 $18.84 $39,180 1.9%
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 80 $16.12 $15.37 $31,960 1.9%
85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 250 $18.54 $17.95 $37,330 2.8%
85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 30 $16.91 $18.05 $37,540 7.6%
85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 160 $11.85 $12.47 $25,950 4.2%
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 540 $12.79 $13.46 $27,990 2.8%
85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 170 $15.09 $15.41 $32,050 2.7%
85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 180 $21.95 $22.46 $46,730 4.2%
85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 380 $10.02 $10.78 $22,420 4.2%
85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 180 $15.41 $14.83 $30,840 1.8%
85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 440 $10.20 $10.27 $21,350 4.0%
85951 Bicycle Repairers 70 $7.14 $7.71 $16,030 5.8%
85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 800 $7.33 $7.94 $16,520 6.0%
85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 50 $8.74 $8.89 $18,490 2.4%
85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,570 $11.52 $12.08 $25,130 1.5%
 Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
87102 Carpenters 9,180 $11.41 $12.24 $25,460 1.7%
87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 30 $13.62 $13.97 $29,060 2.3%
87108 Drywall Installers 400 $13.40 $13.40 $27,870 5.6%
87111 Tapers 270 $14.03 $14.51 $30,190 3.6%
87202 Electricians 6,770 $16.34 $16.55 $34,430 1.5%
87302 Brickmasons 1,100 $14.59 $14.74 $30,660 4.6%
87305 Stonemasons 60 $12.15 $12.21 $25,390 2.4%
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 3,130 $10.69 $11.10 $23,080 1.7%
87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 200 $15.73 $17.80 $37,020 8.8%
87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 280 $15.94 $17.32 $36,020 5.2%
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 2,830 $10.74 $11.97 $24,900 3.0%
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,930 $15.01 $16.21 $33,720 2.2%
87508 Pipelayers 750 $10.91 $11.18 $23,260 5.4%
87602 Carpet Installers 290 $8.04 $9.93 $20,650 10.0%
87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 70 $12.45 $12.43 $25,860 5.0%
87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators 30 $11.36 $11.22 $23,330 4.5%
87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 960 $12.22 $12.25 $25,470 1.8%
87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 2,870 $12.36 $12.26 $25,490 0.8%
87714 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 430 $14.33 $14.60 $30,370 4.7%
87802 Insulation Workers 520 $10.53 $11.27 $23,440 2.2%
87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 210 $14.34 $14.08 $29,290 2.8%
87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 380 $12.95 $13.81 $28,730 4.8%
87808 Roofers 1,500 $10.63 $11.38 $23,670 2.4%
87811 Glaziers 160 $13.03 $13.10 $27,250 2.9%
87814 Structural Metal Workers 1,020 $16.33 $15.42 $32,060 3.0%
87817 Fence Erectors 410 $9.52 $9.81 $20,410 10.2%
87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,140 $10.93 $12.01 $24,980 4.5%
87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 190 $11.24 $11.50 $23,920 2.7%
87908 Rock Splitters, Quarry 40 $10.17 $10.55 $21,950 11.2%
87989 All Other Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 30 $13.78 $13.61 $28,310 2.6%
87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 1,370 $14.25 $13.86 $28,830 1.1%
 Precision Production Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
89102 Tool and Die Makers 1,750 $16.20 $16.58 $34,480 1.1%
89105 Precision Instrument Makers 100 $9.83 $13.61 $28,300 6.3%
89108 Machinists 5,860 $13.19 $13.57 $28,220 2.0%
89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 610 $12.59 $13.13 $27,300 3.8%
89114 Pattern and Model Makers, Metal 60 $13.86 $14.29 $29,730 5.1%
89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 90 $13.50 $13.06 $27,160 1.9%
89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 110 $11.59 $12.00 $24,960 4.0%
89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine (*) $10.19 $9.28 $19,310 2.4%
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 2,460 $11.08 $12.37 $25,720 2.9%
89135 Boilermakers 60 $16.74 $17.81 $37,040 6.4%
89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 70 $12.41 $12.77 $26,560 1.7%
89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 390 $10.81 $13.10 $27,250 3.8%
89308 Wood Machinists 760 $9.57 $10.15 $21,120 3.6%
89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 2,240 $15.77 $13.97 $29,060 6.3%
89314 Furniture Finishers 250 $10.23 $9.59 $19,950 3.3%
89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 60 $8.37 $8.79 $18,280 1.1%
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 300 $7.54 $7.69 $15,990 2.0%
89508 Upholsterers 560 $9.65 $9.46 $19,670 2.1%
89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 30 $7.65 $7.72 $16,050 2.7%
89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 60 $7.60 $7.63 $15,880 1.8%
89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 130 $8.76 $9.57 $19,910 3.5%
89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 110 $8.14 $8.75 $18,200 2.0%
89705 Job Printers 310 $8.37 $10.41 $21,660 13.3%
89706 Paste-Up Workers 80 $7.91 $7.89 $16,410 3.1%
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 580 $9.62 $10.38 $21,590 3.5%
89712 Photoengravers 40 $7.76 $8.43 $17,540 2.1%
89713 Camera Operators 420 $7.56 $8.05 $16,740 2.4%
89715 Scanner Operators 50 $11.19 $11.34 $23,590 4.9%
89717 Strippers 160 $12.70 $13.32 $27,700 2.9%
89718 Platemakers 150 $10.65 $11.86 $24,660 2.9%
89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 70 $15.15 $14.26 $29,670 7.2%
89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers (*) $10.45 $10.69 $22,240 1.3%
89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 4,770 $9.20 $9.02 $18,750 1.3%
89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 330 $12.23 $12.02 $24,990 2.2%
89808 Food Batchmakers 260 $9.62 $9.85 $20,490 5.2%
89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 190 $8.20 $9.78 $20,350 1.9%
89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 220 $12.08 $12.13 $25,230 1.3%
89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 60 $10.19 $9.74 $20,270 2.1%
89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 100 $7.31 $7.51 $15,610 2.0%
89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 150 $8.57 $8.73 $18,170 1.4%
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 220 $11.30 $13.24 $27,530 5.5%
89923 Medical Appliance Makers (*) $11.76 $12.10 $25,170 1.7%
89999 All Other Precision Workers 900 $9.99 $12.21 $25,400 1.6%
 Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 360 $13.59 $12.85 $26,720 4.8%
91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,040 $13.11 $13.28 $27,620 2.4%
91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,640 $16.26 $15.91 $33,090 1.9%
91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 370 $12.76 $12.85 $26,740 3.1%
91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 970 $13.54 $12.64 $26,290 4.5%
91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,490 $11.32 $11.62 $24,180 2.5%
91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 880 $11.85 $11.45 $23,820 1.4%
91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,240 $12.21 $12.20 $25,390 1.0%
91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 420 $13.20 $13.31 $27,690 6.3%
91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 230 $11.67 $11.23 $23,370 2.3%
91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 330 $12.42 $12.63 $26,270 1.4%
91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 80 $13.37 $14.54 $30,240 3.3%
91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,450 $11.23 $11.08 $23,060 1.5%
91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,710 $12.05 $12.46 $25,910 1.6%
91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 560 $8.62 $10.21 $21,230 2.9%
91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 740 $10.36 $10.65 $22,150 1.5%
91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 470 $12.49 $12.60 $26,200 1.5%
91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 2,450 $11.71 $12.75 $26,520 3.8%
91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 630 $12.82 $12.83 $26,680 1.1%
91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 220 $13.27 $12.82 $26,670 1.6%
91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 2,850 $8.79 $8.69 $18,060 1.8%
91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 450 $10.88 $11.49 $23,900 2.2%
91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 350 $11.57 $11.91 $24,780 1.4%
91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers (*) $9.83 $10.58 $22,010 2.2%
91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $11.87 $11.74 $24,430 1.5%
91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 120 $9.23 $9.23 $19,190 2.8%
91928 Heating Equipment Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $14.54 $13.87 $28,840 2.2%
91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 260 $14.37 $13.86 $28,820 1.2%
91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 200 $12.81 $12.81 $26,650 1.5%
92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 280 $11.66 $11.66 $24,240 1.4%
92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 590 $9.89 $10.73 $22,330 2.0%
92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 610 $10.24 $10.54 $21,920 7.3%
92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing (*) $10.35 $10.28 $21,380 1.5%
92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 580 $9.10 $8.97 $18,670 1.3%
92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $12.93 $13.63 $28,350 1.2%
92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 680 $13.75 $13.95 $29,010 2.2%
92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $11.14 $13.26 $27,570 2.9%
92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $15.32 $14.95 $31,100 9.6%
92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $9.43 $9.58 $19,930 7.1%
92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 600 $9.13 $9.33 $19,410 1.4%
92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 290 $13.32 $12.53 $26,070 4.1%
92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 130 $8.33 $8.87 $18,450 3.0%
92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 1,890 $11.29 $11.75 $24,430 1.3%
92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $7.00 $7.57 $15,750 20.6%
92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 970 $9.02 $9.86 $20,500 3.0%
92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $10.63 $11.77 $24,470 2.2%
92702 Textile Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $9.14 $9.82 $20,420 3.5%
92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 110 $8.29 $8.37 $17,410 1.2%
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,800 $7.73 $7.79 $16,200 0.9%
92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 970 $8.22 $8.11 $16,870 3.8%
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 2,510 $7.11 $7.25 $15,080 2.2%
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 500 $7.67 $8.02 $16,670 1.1%
92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 70 $5.91 $6.23 $12,950 4.4%
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 670 $7.07 $7.60 $15,800 3.7%
92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 550 $12.81 $13.12 $27,280 2.0%
92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 190 $9.27 $9.77 $20,330 2.3%
92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 100 $11.32 $10.81 $22,480 1.7%
92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 70 $15.61 $15.74 $32,730 1.6%
92928 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 90 $11.25 $11.54 $24,010 1.5%
92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 390 $11.36 $11.49 $23,890 2.3%
92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders 60 $12.42 $12.49 $25,980 1.6%
92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 870 $14.03 $13.70 $28,500 2.2%
92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 990 $10.83 $10.61 $22,070 2.1%
92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 510 $8.65 $10.42 $21,680 11.9%
92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 630 $11.44 $12.08 $25,120 6.5%
92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 870 $12.04 $12.14 $25,240 1.8%
92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $10.91 $10.78 $22,420 2.5%
92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 330 $11.11 $10.79 $22,440 3.0%
92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 450 $11.69 $13.07 $27,180 3.4%
92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 2,030 $10.99 $11.07 $23,020 1.7%
92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 760 $11.73 $12.53 $26,070 1.1%
92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 1,490 $11.90 $12.20 $25,370 3.4%
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 6,260 $10.29 $11.11 $23,100 2.9%
92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 2,680 $11.88 $12.88 $26,780 4.5%
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 6,430 $11.45 $11.68 $24,290 2.1%
 Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 2,850 $14.57 $14.20 $29,540 1.4%
93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 70 $13.33 $17.57 $36,550 2.9%
93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 1,260 $9.69 $10.97 $22,820 2.8%
93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 230 $9.93 $10.36 $21,550 4.2%
93902 Machine Assemblers 1,780 $9.87 $10.12 $21,040 4.1%
93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 2,670 $9.06 $9.25 $19,240 4.3%
93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing (*) $9.69 $13.34 $27,750 1.6%
93914 Welders and Cutters 7,120 $11.44 $11.89 $24,730 1.1%
93917 Solderers and Brazers 140 $9.75 $10.45 $21,740 2.5%
93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 250 $8.80 $8.76 $18,230 1.7%
93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 6,260 $9.20 $8.99 $18,690 2.0%
93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 50 $10.00 $10.05 $20,900 1.7%
93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 50 $10.05 $10.17 $21,160 2.0%
93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 200 $8.84 $10.08 $20,960 3.6%
93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 990 $10.98 $11.81 $24,570 2.6%
93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 24,180 $10.07 $11.12 $23,130 4.9%
93999 All Other Hand Workers 9,130 $7.93 $8.37 $17,420 1.6%
 Plant and System Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 1,460 $12.86 $12.96 $26,960 1.9%
95005 Gas Plant Operators 120 $18.28 $17.99 $37,410 2.5%
95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 810 $17.69 $17.91 $37,240 3.9%
95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 200 $19.51 $18.90 $39,310 3.6%
95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power 160 $20.72 $19.61 $40,800 2.4%
95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 80 $16.14 $19.72 $41,010 5.2%
95032 Stationary Engineers 250 $16.89 $16.37 $34,050 2.1%
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 3,350 $12.91 $13.54 $28,170 1.5%
 Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 20,020 $12.10 $13.09 $27,220 1.6%
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 18,200 $10.23 $11.53 $23,980 2.7%
97108 Bus Drivers 1,300 $9.08 $9.74 $20,270 2.2%
97111 Bus Drivers, School 5,580 $10.44 $10.51 $21,860 4.9%
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 510 $6.30 $6.59 $13,700 1.7%
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 4,050 $8.37 $9.53 $19,820 2.4%
97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 200 $9.55 $10.45 $21,740 3.4%
97302 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 610 $16.78 $19.76 $41,100 6.6%
97305 Locomotive Engineers 970 $21.23 $21.67 $45,080 6.3%
97311 Locomotive Firers 130 $31.54 $28.78 $59,860 3.6%
97317 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 370 $19.46 $23.48 $48,830 4.1%
97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 200 $13.83 $13.74 $28,590 2.4%
97517 Ordinary Seamen and Marine Oilers 90 $8.23 $9.66 $20,090 4.4%
97521 Ship Engineers 60 $20.06 $19.59 $40,750 2.9%
97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 280 * * $36,800 5.4%
97802 Bridge, Lock, and Lighthouse Tenders 50 $18.41 $18.69 $38,880 1.7%
97805 Service Station Attendants 1,250 $6.52 $7.08 $14,720 2.1%
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 390 $6.17 $6.61 $13,740 1.8%
97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 960 $9.73 $10.25 $21,320 3.8%
97905 Tank Car and Truck Loaders 50 $14.41 $13.46 $28,010 2.4%
97921 Gas Compressor Operators 50 $20.94 $20.31 $42,240 2.3%
97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 1,630 $12.17 $12.72 $26,460 3.4%
97926 Dragline Operators 30 $12.10 $11.85 $24,650 2.5%
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 1,690 $13.44 $14.17 $29,470 2.7%
97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 30 $10.53 $11.95 $24,850 2.2%
97944 Crane and Tower Operators 390 $13.29 $14.04 $29,210 1.6%
97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 8,610 $11.51 $12.19 $25,350 1.5%
97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 560 $11.70 $12.11 $25,190 1.7%
97953 Pump Operators 100 $14.09 $12.97 $26,970 6.2%
97956 Operating Engineers 3,330 $13.02 $13.52 $28,120 1.8%
97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,450 $11.48 $12.24 $25,460 2.4%
97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 240 $10.60 $11.56 $24,050 2.7%
 Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 3,230 $8.08 $9.03 $18,780 2.1%
98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 460 $9.99 $10.53 $21,900 3.7%
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 2,650 $8.67 $9.14 $19,000 1.8%
98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 370 $9.44 $10.36 $21,550 2.2%
98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 80 $9.09 $9.50 $19,760 9.3%
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 1,060 $10.01 $9.64 $20,060 2.0%
98316 Helpers, Roofers 140 $8.23 $8.54 $17,770 4.6%
98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,320 $10.30 $10.50 $21,830 2.7%
98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 60 $9.41 $8.94 $18,590 3.3%
98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 2,460 $9.54 $10.51 $21,850 4.0%
98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 820 $11.12 $11.19 $23,280 2.9%
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 10,740 $9.38 $9.84 $20,460 1.4%
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 10,580 $7.50 $7.99 $16,630 1.0%
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 3,480 $7.03 $7.54 $15,690 1.3%
98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 21,230 $8.65 $9.32 $19,400 2.1%

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

# = Median hourly wage is over $60.01 per hour.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

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1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001