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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

South Dakota

Occupational divisions in South Dakota:

Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments.

Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
 Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
13002 Financial Managers 1,050 $25.05 $27.27 $56,720 1.9%
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 300 $22.56 $23.91 $49,730 1.2%
13008 Purchasing Managers 180 $22.01 $23.59 $49,060 1.4%
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 690 $31.23 $31.28 $65,060 1.8%
13014 Administrative Services Managers 120 $22.48 $23.71 $49,310 1.8%
13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 370 $32.36 $30.38 $63,180 2.1%
 Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 340 $18.92 $19.02 $39,550 0.7%
15005 Education Administrators 970 $22.14 $23.42 $48,710 1.9%
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 550 $22.20 $23.99 $49,900 1.8%
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 360 $11.38 $12.36 $25,710 4.7%
15014 Industrial Production Managers 420 $24.47 $26.01 $54,110 1.3%
15017 Construction Managers 340 $22.29 $23.33 $48,530 1.8%
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 360 $22.12 $23.25 $48,360 1.4%
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 770 $14.02 $14.55 $30,260 1.0%
 Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 710 $11.17 $11.28 $23,450 2.9%
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 4,980 $30.55 $31.69 $65,910 1.1%
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 830 $19.94 $21.44 $44,600 1.5%
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
 Management Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 110 $18.40 $18.84 $39,180 2.2%
21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 1,180 $15.04 $17.03 $35,430 3.4%
21111 Tax Preparers 130 $13.67 $13.06 $27,160 5.9%
21114 Accountants and Auditors 2,340 $14.71 $16.00 $33,280 1.0%
21117 Budget Analysts 100 $18.08 $19.07 $39,660 1.4%
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 190 $14.45 $16.98 $35,320 2.7%
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 330 $13.62 $13.87 $28,840 1.3%
21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 300 $16.29 $19.14 $39,800 10.2%
21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 480 $15.25 $16.24 $33,770 0.7%
21505 Special Agents, Insurance 40 $18.37 $19.69 $40,950 11.1%
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 260 $12.05 $12.27 $25,530 1.5%
21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 880 $14.20 $15.49 $32,220 1.3%
21902 Cost Estimators 320 $14.84 $15.88 $33,030 1.3%
21905 Management Analysts 400 $17.36 $19.79 $41,170 1.7%
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 100 $14.83 $15.12 $31,440 2.0%
21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 630 $13.44 $14.84 $30,870 2.3%
21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 130 $13.52 $16.67 $34,680 2.1%
21917 Assessors 130 $11.60 $12.74 $26,510 2.5%
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 190 $18.71 $19.89 $41,370 4.5%
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 1,100 $15.15 $16.88 $35,110 0.9%
 Engineers and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 600 $20.67 $21.66 $45,050 1.8%
22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 340 $22.05 $23.00 $47,830 1.4%
22127 Computer Engineers 180 $20.42 $21.90 $45,560 2.4%
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 240 $22.13 $23.19 $48,230 1.9%
22135 Mechanical Engineers 370 $19.80 $21.61 $44,950 2.1%
22199 All Other Engineers 220 $20.36 $21.23 $44,160 1.6%
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 70 $18.69 $18.99 $39,500 7.3%
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 130 $15.44 $16.39 $34,090 3.0%
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 350 $12.22 $12.47 $25,930 1.7%
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 450 $13.65 $14.44 $30,040 2.3%
22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 90 $14.18 $14.21 $29,550 1.0%
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 140 $13.33 $14.23 $29,600 1.1%
22514 Drafters 460 $11.53 $11.99 $24,930 0.7%
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 170 $10.63 $10.84 $22,550 2.4%
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 230 $16.02 $15.97 $33,220 1.0%
 Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 60 $16.47 $16.97 $35,300 1.6%
24108 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 50 $24.32 $23.92 $49,750 4.0%
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 160 $20.81 $24.33 $50,610 2.2%
24199 All Other Physical Scientists 60 $21.74 $23.51 $48,900 4.4%
24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 250 $19.95 $19.79 $41,160 1.3%
24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 120 $19.80 $21.51 $44,740 2.0%
24308 Biological Scientists 200 $19.34 $21.25 $44,200 1.3%
24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 280 $9.91 $10.19 $21,200 3.7%
24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 50 $12.24 $13.04 $27,130 3.5%
 Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 680 $22.56 $24.46 $50,870 1.9%
25103 Data Base Administrators 70 $19.41 $20.58 $42,810 2.3%
25104 Computer Support Specialists 2,040 $11.85 $12.19 $25,350 0.7%
25105 Computer Programmers 920 $17.58 $17.95 $37,330 1.0%
25108 Computer Programmer Aides 70 $12.07 $12.46 $25,920 1.0%
25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 30 $15.16 $14.70 $30,570 1.8%
25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 140 $17.61 $19.40 $40,340 2.2%
25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 60 $12.46 $15.99 $33,270 5.9%
 Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 50 $16.24 $17.31 $36,000 1.6%
27108 Psychologists 130 $27.80 $26.41 $54,940 2.3%
27199 All Other Social Scientists 100 $17.77 $17.62 $36,640 1.2%
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 770 $13.24 $14.12 $29,370 1.5%
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 1,260 $12.43 $12.84 $26,710 0.9%
27307 Residential Counselors 1,260 $7.94 $8.23 $17,120 1.8%
27308 Human Services Workers 660 $8.37 $9.11 $18,950 2.8%
27311 Recreation Workers 750 $7.70 $8.54 $17,760 3.4%
27502 Clergy 60 $13.52 $15.09 $31,380 2.7%
 Law and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 70 $17.00 $17.88 $37,190 1.4%
28108 Lawyers 660 $20.43 $24.31 $50,560 3.9%
28302 Law Clerks 40 $13.32 $13.37 $27,820 1.2%
28305 Paralegal Personnel 290 $12.85 $13.28 $27,620 5.9%
28308 Title Searchers 50 $9.62 $9.55 $19,870 8.8%
28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 70 $10.65 $12.38 $25,750 13.9%
 Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 140 * * $33,830 1.4%
31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $38,400 5.5%
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $43,410 3.1%
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $40,350 7.5%
31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $46,950 14.6%
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $42,400 5.5%
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $36,170 2.2%
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $34,300 2.5%
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $32,690 4.4%
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $35,820 2.0%
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $33,000 5.5%
31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 150 * * $35,660 5.9%
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $37,150 5.7%
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $45,330 4.5%
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $34,090 3.9%
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $38,440 4.7%
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $36,560 3.4%
31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $26,750 8.5%
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $37,790 6.2%
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 190 * * $37,440 2.7%
31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $35,710 5.2%
31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 70 * * $22,560 9.7%
31303 Teachers, Preschool 520 $9.26 $9.39 $19,540 2.2%
31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 430 * * $27,330 3.7%
31305 Teachers, Elementary School 5,150 * * $29,180 2.5%
31308 Teachers, Secondary School 4,640 * * $29,300 2.5%
31311 Teachers, Special Education 1,090 * * $28,720 3.5%
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 1,030 $13.58 $15.03 $31,260 2.9%
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 380 $9.76 $10.60 $22,050 7.9%
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 1,010 $9.83 $10.67 $22,190 6.5%
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors (*) * * $20,440 1.5%
31502 Librarians, Professional 390 $12.48 $13.26 $27,580 1.9%
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 280 $9.35 $9.53 $19,820 1.7%
31508 Audio-Visual Specialists (*) $6.43 $8.12 $16,890 3.2%
31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 70 $11.38 $12.44 $25,880 2.8%
31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 580 $13.97 $14.52 $30,190 2.1%
31517 Instructional Coordinators 330 $12.71 $13.40 $27,870 1.1%
31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,970 $9.33 $9.15 $19,040 2.8%
 Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 1,220 # $51.11 $106,310 11.5%
32105 Dentists 120 $41.28 $39.11 $81,350 10.6%
32113 Chiropractors 100 $15.58 $23.81 $49,510 21.5%
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 180 $26.24 $29.26 $60,850 10.8%
32302 Respiratory Therapists 260 $15.11 $15.43 $32,080 1.8%
32305 Occupational Therapists 170 $19.96 $20.45 $42,530 1.4%
32308 Physical Therapists 310 $23.73 $25.06 $52,130 3.7%
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 240 $14.83 $16.26 $33,810 1.7%
32317 Recreational Therapists 70 $12.96 $13.82 $28,740 1.8%
32502 Registered Nurses 7,620 $16.06 $17.02 $35,400 1.7%
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 1,860 $11.18 $11.36 $23,620 1.0%
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 480 $8.74 $8.86 $18,430 2.2%
32511 Physician Assistants 220 $31.30 $29.43 $61,220 2.2%
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 240 $9.41 $10.01 $20,820 5.0%
32517 Pharmacists 510 $24.27 $24.93 $51,860 2.5%
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 430 $9.33 $9.24 $19,230 1.8%
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 140 $14.58 $16.14 $33,570 2.7%
32523 Dietetic Technicians 30 $8.83 $8.99 $18,700 2.4%
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 610 $15.09 $15.38 $31,980 1.8%
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 340 $10.70 $10.67 $22,190 1.6%
32908 Dental Hygienists 430 $17.33 $17.30 $35,990 3.8%
32911 Medical Records Technicians 460 $9.56 $10.06 $20,930 2.0%
32919 Radiologic Technologists 560 $13.56 $14.12 $29,380 1.6%
32925 Cardiology Technologists 150 $15.00 $15.43 $32,090 1.5%
32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 260 $11.42 $11.44 $23,800 1.3%
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 90 $9.40 $9.68 $20,140 4.1%
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 400 $13.83 $15.11 $31,430 3.6%
 Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
34002 Writers and Editors 280 $12.74 $14.35 $29,840 3.0%
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 60 $15.48 $16.71 $34,750 1.7%
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 630 $11.77 $12.95 $26,940 3.3%
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 240 $9.53 $9.92 $20,640 2.6%
34014 Broadcast News Analysts 30 $15.77 $15.28 $31,780 2.1%
34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 400 $9.17 $9.86 $20,510 2.9%
34021 Announcers, Except Radio and Television (*) $5.92 $6.65 $13,830 9.3%
34023 Photographers 150 $9.40 $10.60 $22,040 3.9%
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 60 $8.20 $8.62 $17,920 2.8%
34028 Broadcast Technicians 120 $9.67 $10.27 $21,370 2.3%
34035 Artists and Related Workers 160 $12.18 $12.90 $26,840 4.3%
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 350 $9.39 $10.04 $20,870 3.2%
34041 Interior Designers 50 $10.87 $12.14 $25,250 4.5%
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 290 $7.95 $8.04 $16,720 1.6%
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 250 * * $18,810 8.6%
 Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 120 $17.95 $19.94 $41,470 8.5%
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 1,050 $13.16 $14.70 $30,570 2.1%
Sales and Related Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 4,330 $13.89 $15.68 $32,620 0.8%
 Sales Occupations, Services top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 950 $15.69 $21.07 $43,820 11.2%
43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 150 $15.38 $14.48 $30,110 10.0%
43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 80 $17.41 $17.13 $35,640 3.5%
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 450 $33.34 $35.17 $73,140 8.8%
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 540 $13.42 $14.77 $30,720 2.0%
43021 Travel Agents 250 $8.43 $8.81 $18,320 2.1%
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 470 $12.43 $14.08 $29,290 2.1%
 Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
49002 Sales Engineers 50 $26.85 $28.18 $58,610 6.2%
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 1,710 $17.92 $20.29 $42,200 3.1%
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 3,160 $16.12 $17.46 $36,320 1.6%
49011 Salespersons, Retail 12,480 $7.33 $8.62 $17,930 3.1%
49014 Salespersons, Parts 1,330 $9.87 $10.58 $22,000 1.9%
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,220 $6.54 $7.16 $14,900 1.7%
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 4,120 $6.26 $6.68 $13,900 0.9%
49023 Cashiers 11,390 $6.42 $6.77 $14,090 0.7%
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 2,310 $7.60 $7.89 $16,400 1.4%
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 110 $7.03 $7.47 $15,530 2.1%
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 660 $8.68 $9.73 $20,240 1.7%
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 2,960 $13.34 $14.27 $29,680 1.2%
 Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
53102 Tellers 1,830 $7.75 $7.89 $16,420 1.3%
53105 New Accounts Clerks 550 $9.28 $9.02 $18,770 1.9%
53111 Loan Interviewers 30 $8.20 $8.75 $18,200 6.7%
53117 Credit Checkers 360 $8.43 $9.99 $20,770 2.0%
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 720 $9.48 $9.52 $19,800 1.3%
53123 Adjustment Clerks 3,430 $9.46 $10.41 $21,660 0.7%
53126 Statement Clerks 50 $7.49 $7.66 $15,930 2.5%
53128 Brokerage Clerks 150 $10.45 $11.01 $22,910 3.9%
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 230 $17.69 $18.09 $37,630 6.5%
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 490 $10.08 $9.92 $20,630 2.1%
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 570 $9.74 $9.99 $20,780 1.6%
53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 380 $11.23 $11.88 $24,720 0.8%
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 2,320 $9.75 $10.65 $22,150 4.7%
53705 Municipal Clerks 180 $6.95 $7.26 $15,100 5.7%
53708 License Clerks 80 $9.29 $9.14 $19,010 1.4%
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 140 $9.13 $10.52 $21,870 8.0%
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 1,190 $6.99 $6.93 $14,410 1.2%
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 370 $6.86 $7.08 $14,720 1.8%
53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 2,470 $7.00 $7.00 $14,560 1.6%
53908 Advertising Clerks 40 $7.77 $7.88 $16,390 2.4%
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 60 $6.43 $6.72 $13,980 5.4%
53914 Real Estate Clerks 70 $9.11 $9.01 $18,730 3.3%
 Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 530 $11.06 $10.79 $22,430 3.0%
55105 Medical Secretaries 520 $9.66 $9.73 $20,250 3.5%
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 6,260 $9.10 $9.17 $19,070 0.7%
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 290 $10.07 $11.27 $23,440 1.4%
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 2,980 $7.79 $7.84 $16,310 0.7%
55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 340 $9.57 $9.95 $20,700 1.2%
55317 Correspondence Clerks 430 $13.23 $13.45 $27,970 1.3%
55321 File Clerks 410 $7.91 $8.53 $17,750 1.2%
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 2,510 $8.81 $8.68 $18,050 0.8%
55326 Procurement Clerks 240 $8.87 $9.27 $19,280 1.0%
55328 Statistical Clerks 120 $10.23 $11.05 $22,990 0.7%
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 550 $7.65 $7.78 $16,190 1.7%
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 440 $10.25 $10.62 $22,100 2.3%
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 7,130 $9.00 $9.00 $18,720 0.6%
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 330 $9.56 $9.56 $19,880 0.5%
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 870 $9.32 $9.34 $19,430 1.6%
55347 General Office Clerks 8,130 $7.57 $7.97 $16,570 0.7%
 Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 120 $10.01 $9.93 $20,650 1.8%
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 70 $7.74 $7.73 $16,080 2.0%
56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 370 $9.73 $10.04 $20,880 0.6%
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 100 $10.76 $10.43 $21,690 4.5%
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 710 $8.30 $9.07 $18,870 6.4%
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 40 $8.89 $9.01 $18,740 2.9%
 Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 210 $8.25 $8.80 $18,290 1.2%
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 370 $8.95 $9.20 $19,140 5.3%
57305 Postal Mail Carriers 1,000 $16.51 $16.23 $33,760 0.7%
57311 Messengers 110 $7.29 $7.29 $15,160 1.5%
 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 320 $8.89 $9.06 $18,840 1.8%
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 260 $10.76 $11.54 $24,000 1.6%
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 480 $10.88 $11.49 $23,890 0.7%
58011 Transportation Agents 40 $8.83 $10.26 $21,340 7.2%
58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 120 $11.34 $11.67 $24,280 2.3%
58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 90 $10.19 $9.77 $20,320 1.0%
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 940 $9.59 $9.65 $20,080 0.9%
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 380 $9.98 $9.67 $20,120 1.4%
58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,670 $10.83 $11.47 $23,850 1.6%
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 50 $9.78 $11.26 $23,420 5.8%
 Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 450 $12.02 $13.08 $27,210 1.0%
Service Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 70 $18.14 $19.57 $40,700 2.5%
61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 220 $17.38 $18.13 $37,710 1.6%
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 260 $8.62 $8.80 $18,300 1.7%
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 1,960 $9.92 $10.46 $21,760 1.0%
 Protective Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
63008 Fire Fighters 310 $11.96 $12.58 $26,170 0.8%
63011 Police Detectives 70 $17.29 $17.42 $36,230 1.3%
63014 Police Patrol Officers 770 $13.86 $14.04 $29,210 2.5%
63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 860 $10.80 $11.04 $22,970 0.8%
63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 30 $9.19 $9.71 $20,200 3.1%
63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 350 $12.58 $12.92 $26,880 1.6%
63044 Crossing Guards 70 $6.88 $7.07 $14,700 2.0%
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 900 $7.92 $8.18 $17,020 2.7%
63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 120 $7.65 $8.71 $18,120 1.3%
 Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 680 $6.51 $6.60 $13,720 1.8%
65005 Bartenders 2,220 $6.11 $6.39 $13,290 2.2%
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 8,340 $5.77 $5.69 $11,840 0.9%
65011 Food Servers, Outside 120 $6.84 $6.89 $14,330 2.5%
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 910 $6.06 $6.32 $13,150 2.8%
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 1,230 $6.41 $6.93 $14,410 4.9%
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 370 $7.70 $7.80 $16,230 1.3%
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 480 $9.27 $9.29 $19,320 1.4%
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 2,100 $7.41 $7.42 $15,440 1.3%
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 1,720 $7.77 $7.98 $16,610 1.1%
65032 Cooks, Fast Food 1,220 $6.02 $6.28 $13,050 1.7%
65035 Cooks, Short Order 730 $6.56 $6.71 $13,960 2.4%
65038 Food Preparation Workers 6,520 $6.19 $6.48 $13,480 0.8%
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 5,480 $5.88 $6.06 $12,600 1.1%
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 70 $7.28 $7.36 $15,300 4.2%
 Health Service and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
66002 Dental Assistants 650 $9.65 $9.58 $19,930 2.3%
66005 Medical Assistants 650 $8.12 $8.44 $17,550 4.4%
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 5,750 $7.47 $7.49 $15,580 1.2%
66011 Home Health Aides 550 $7.56 $7.61 $15,830 1.3%
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 370 $8.46 $9.02 $18,750 2.7%
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 90 $9.03 $9.30 $19,340 2.4%
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 400 $8.98 $9.57 $19,900 1.7%
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,400 $6.17 $6.46 $13,430 1.2%
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 7,080 $7.26 $7.43 $15,460 0.8%
67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants (*) $19.06 $19.21 $39,960 2.7%
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 200 $7.95 $8.35 $17,370 1.9%
 Personal Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 1,070 $8.79 $8.72 $18,140 3.4%
68008 Manicurists (*) $7.64 $7.62 $15,840 4.2%
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,120 $6.13 $6.45 $13,420 2.0%
68017 Guides 100 $6.72 $7.17 $14,920 3.3%
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 130 $5.70 $5.68 $11,820 2.3%
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 80 $6.03 $6.24 $12,980 2.9%
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 620 $7.28 $7.34 $15,260 1.4%
68038 Child Care Workers 1,970 $6.51 $6.67 $13,880 1.4%
68041 Funeral Attendants 60 $7.40 $7.45 $15,500 6.7%
 Other Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 710 $7.02 $7.17 $14,920 1.3%
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 100 $12.12 $12.32 $25,620 1.1%
 Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 300 $8.16 $8.82 $18,350 4.3%
79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 680 $8.07 $8.22 $17,100 1.6%
79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 280 $6.68 $7.41 $15,410 2.1%
79021 Farm Equipment Operators 50 $6.61 $6.81 $14,160 7.0%
79036 Sprayers/Applicators 150 $9.12 $9.50 $19,750 4.1%
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,570 $7.50 $7.79 $16,210 1.1%
79806 Veterinary Assistants 90 $8.13 $8.68 $18,060 6.7%
79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 350 $8.41 $9.03 $18,780 0.8%
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,230 $16.67 $17.58 $36,560 0.9%
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 1,160 $16.09 $16.51 $34,340 0.9%
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 1,720 $15.17 $15.70 $32,660 0.6%
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 250 $15.57 $16.71 $34,750 1.5%
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 190 $14.39 $14.68 $30,540 2.2%
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 60 $15.07 $16.53 $34,390 2.5%
 Inspectors and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 450 $11.01 $10.76 $22,380 1.9%
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 860 $9.80 $9.73 $20,230 2.7%
83008 Transportation Inspectors 120 $10.79 $12.75 $26,510 6.0%
 Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 670 $12.66 $13.15 $27,360 0.6%
85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 60 $14.36 $14.36 $29,870 1.5%
85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 60 $14.07 $17.10 $35,560 2.2%
85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 120 $10.66 $11.24 $23,390 1.0%
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 2,490 $9.53 $9.65 $20,080 1.1%
85302 Automotive Mechanics 1,760 $11.24 $11.86 $24,680 2.1%
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 920 $10.36 $10.72 $22,300 6.5%
85308 Motorcycle Repairers 80 $9.38 $9.78 $20,350 7.6%
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 890 $11.45 $11.78 $24,500 1.3%
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 480 $14.07 $14.20 $29,540 1.3%
85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 520 $10.70 $10.91 $22,700 2.5%
85323 Aircraft Mechanics 120 $14.88 $14.74 $30,660 2.1%
85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists 40 $17.08 $16.60 $34,520 5.8%
85328 Small Engine Specialists 110 $8.29 $8.50 $17,680 2.0%
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 140 $19.94 $19.68 $40,930 4.7%
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 40 $16.84 $19.26 $40,050 2.5%
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 670 $15.37 $15.08 $31,370 2.2%
85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 430 $11.60 $11.68 $24,290 1.3%
85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 150 $10.19 $10.01 $20,820 4.7%
85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 70 $10.31 $10.14 $21,100 2.6%
85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 70 $13.40 $13.53 $28,140 10.5%
85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 140 $15.07 $15.04 $31,270 2.3%
85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians (*) $21.73 $22.06 $45,880 3.8%
85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 610 $17.95 $18.43 $38,330 1.7%
85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 110 $18.42 $17.75 $36,920 3.9%
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 780 $12.18 $12.40 $25,790 3.0%
85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 60 $16.81 $17.62 $36,650 1.7%
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 110 $12.95 $13.77 $28,630 2.8%
85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 40 $14.39 $15.29 $31,800 1.5%
85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 90 $9.85 $11.78 $24,490 10.3%
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 260 $12.49 $15.61 $32,470 12.7%
85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 60 $18.27 $18.46 $38,410 2.0%
85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers (*) $19.83 $18.21 $37,880 6.2%
85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 170 $9.78 $9.88 $20,550 2.0%
85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 60 $15.59 $14.97 $31,140 2.0%
85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 160 $10.24 $10.94 $22,750 2.4%
85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 280 $8.26 $8.58 $17,850 3.9%
85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 340 $10.37 $11.20 $23,290 1.8%
 Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
87102 Carpenters 2,540 $11.62 $11.66 $24,260 1.8%
87108 Drywall Installers 80 $11.39 $12.35 $25,680 5.3%
87111 Tapers 60 $14.81 $14.79 $30,760 2.5%
87202 Electricians 1,420 $13.29 $13.75 $28,600 1.7%
87302 Brickmasons 290 $16.46 $16.16 $33,610 5.1%
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 900 $10.33 $10.80 $22,450 1.7%
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 400 $10.72 $11.00 $22,880 1.4%
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 570 $13.48 $13.58 $28,260 1.6%
87508 Pipelayers 120 $10.37 $11.36 $23,640 4.7%
87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 40 $7.96 $8.46 $17,590 12.3%
87602 Carpet Installers 90 $13.69 $13.63 $28,340 2.9%
87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles (*) $11.54 $12.73 $26,490 1.9%
87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 250 $12.01 $12.51 $26,010 2.0%
87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,270 $9.60 $9.52 $19,800 1.3%
87802 Insulation Workers 80 $9.83 $9.59 $19,950 3.9%
87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 90 $12.35 $12.85 $26,740 2.5%
87808 Roofers 120 $10.07 $10.38 $21,590 4.0%
87811 Glaziers 140 $10.82 $10.93 $22,730 3.0%
87814 Structural Metal Workers 310 $10.73 $11.50 $23,920 3.2%
87817 Fence Erectors (*) $8.87 $8.58 $17,850 4.9%
87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 180 $8.25 $8.81 $18,330 2.5%
87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 110 $13.79 $13.49 $28,060 3.6%
87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers 30 $14.87 $14.84 $30,860 1.6%
 Precision Production Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
89102 Tool and Die Makers 200 $13.58 $13.98 $29,070 1.2%
89108 Machinists 700 $12.11 $12.58 $26,160 3.5%
89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 80 $11.94 $11.55 $24,030 1.2%
89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 30 $9.71 $9.96 $20,720 3.8%
89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 70 $11.89 $11.87 $24,680 3.0%
89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products 190 $9.06 $8.56 $17,810 2.7%
89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 200 $7.70 $7.73 $16,080 2.3%
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 540 $9.89 $10.54 $21,920 2.9%
89308 Wood Machinists 80 $10.13 $10.05 $20,910 1.6%
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 40 $7.71 $8.08 $16,800 3.9%
89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision (*) $6.32 $7.05 $14,670 3.0%
89705 Job Printers (*) $10.69 $9.32 $19,390 2.9%
89706 Paste-Up Workers 40 $8.36 $9.02 $18,770 6.0%
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 270 $8.72 $8.98 $18,670 1.4%
89713 Camera Operators 30 $9.66 $9.69 $20,150 1.8%
89717 Strippers 40 $12.46 $12.17 $25,310 6.5%
89808 Food Batchmakers 50 $10.31 $10.24 $21,300 1.4%
89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 60 $10.51 $10.30 $21,420 1.0%
89911 Precision Detail Design Decorators and Painters 50 $8.73 $9.17 $19,070 2.1%
89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 100 $9.88 $10.37 $21,570 1.6%
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians (*) $11.64 $11.64 $24,210 5.1%
89999 All Other Precision Workers 50 $9.81 $10.00 $20,800 1.1%
 Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 80 $10.22 $10.22 $21,250 1.2%
91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 90 $10.74 $10.94 $22,760 1.3%
91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 110 $11.36 $10.92 $22,720 1.6%
91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $12.09 $11.57 $24,070 2.4%
91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 110 $9.54 $9.45 $19,660 0.9%
91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 460 $10.48 $10.35 $21,520 1.1%
91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 80 $9.46 $9.56 $19,880 0.9%
91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 210 $10.31 $10.29 $21,400 1.6%
91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 330 $9.70 $9.82 $20,430 1.4%
91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $12.37 $12.21 $25,400 1.2%
91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $10.47 $10.12 $21,060 1.1%
91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 70 $10.24 $10.23 $21,280 1.3%
91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 370 $11.01 $11.32 $23,540 0.9%
91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 400 $8.79 $8.71 $18,120 1.5%
91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $9.71 $9.70 $20,180 2.1%
91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 $10.70 $10.29 $21,400 2.3%
92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 250 $10.05 $9.93 $20,660 1.0%
92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 280 $9.23 $8.87 $18,450 1.9%
92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 170 $11.11 $11.47 $23,860 3.0%
92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $8.48 $9.15 $19,020 2.0%
92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $8.92 $9.50 $19,760 6.3%
92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 180 $11.75 $12.00 $24,970 1.5%
92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 90 $8.26 $8.65 $17,990 5.4%
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 440 $7.91 $7.96 $16,570 1.6%
92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 370 $7.48 $7.52 $15,630 1.8%
92723 Shoe Sewing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $6.05 $5.92 $12,310 6.2%
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 840 $6.78 $6.93 $14,410 2.0%
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 50 $7.54 $7.49 $15,580 2.5%
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 290 $7.89 $8.26 $17,190 1.9%
92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 90 $10.77 $10.53 $21,910 1.9%
92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 80 $8.76 $8.75 $18,200 1.4%
92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 160 $10.13 $9.89 $20,570 2.6%
92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 360 $9.79 $9.48 $19,720 0.9%
92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 60 $11.73 $12.93 $26,900 2.1%
92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 40 $8.11 $8.31 $17,280 1.3%
92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 420 $9.98 $10.13 $21,080 0.9%
92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $9.22 $8.72 $18,140 1.0%
92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 80 $10.19 $10.42 $21,670 1.2%
92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $11.83 $11.63 $24,200 1.7%
92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 340 $10.76 $10.65 $22,150 0.7%
92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 490 $11.08 $10.86 $22,580 1.5%
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 870 $9.95 $9.67 $20,110 1.4%
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 280 $11.61 $11.02 $22,910 1.9%
 Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 160 $10.49 $10.33 $21,480 1.8%
93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 3,150 $9.25 $9.27 $19,280 0.9%
93902 Machine Assemblers 200 $10.91 $10.87 $22,620 1.1%
93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 1,570 $7.51 $7.66 $15,920 5.3%
93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 610 $7.69 $7.71 $16,040 2.1%
93914 Welders and Cutters 1,790 $10.46 $10.43 $21,690 0.9%
93917 Solderers and Brazers 60 $7.74 $7.94 $16,510 2.1%
93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 70 $8.15 $8.27 $17,210 1.2%
93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 50 $8.51 $8.33 $17,330 4.1%
93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 80 $8.14 $8.76 $18,220 3.1%
93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 240 $8.19 $8.27 $17,200 0.9%
93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 4,010 $8.30 $8.38 $17,430 0.7%
93999 All Other Hand Workers 210 $7.60 $7.70 $16,020 2.6%
 Plant and System Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 480 $12.22 $12.89 $26,810 2.2%
95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 50 $18.37 $20.72 $43,100 2.6%
95032 Stationary Engineers 50 $13.46 $13.42 $27,910 1.6%
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 40 $14.74 $15.08 $31,380 3.1%
 Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 6,320 $12.01 $12.83 $26,690 2.6%
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 2,400 $8.99 $10.54 $21,910 2.2%
97108 Bus Drivers 350 $8.45 $8.99 $18,690 5.8%
97111 Bus Drivers, School 1,250 $8.83 $8.43 $17,540 2.4%
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 160 $7.47 $7.50 $15,600 2.6%
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 860 $11.96 $11.58 $24,090 2.2%
97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 80 $11.63 $11.71 $24,360 0.9%
97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 160 * * $38,260 2.5%
97805 Service Station Attendants 860 $6.62 $6.91 $14,370 3.8%
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 50 $6.99 $7.24 $15,060 1.8%
97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 50 $10.91 $11.57 $24,060 1.6%
97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 350 $12.02 $12.24 $25,460 2.0%
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 480 $12.15 $12.10 $25,160 1.3%
97944 Crane and Tower Operators 50 $11.42 $12.46 $25,930 1.7%
97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 710 $10.33 $10.27 $21,360 0.7%
97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 250 $8.91 $9.46 $19,680 4.4%
97956 Operating Engineers 560 $11.70 $12.19 $25,350 2.1%
97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 50 $11.29 $11.54 $24,000 1.4%
 Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 630 $6.53 $6.94 $14,430 2.4%
98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 320 $9.75 $9.70 $20,180 2.4%
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 1,380 $7.98 $8.11 $16,870 2.4%
98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 300 $8.65 $8.53 $17,730 2.4%
98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 80 $7.87 $7.90 $16,430 3.3%
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 280 $8.11 $8.22 $17,090 3.0%
98316 Helpers, Roofers 80 $8.40 $8.11 $16,880 4.5%
98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 960 $8.35 $8.33 $17,330 1.2%
98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 60 $8.75 $9.56 $19,890 2.6%
98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 390 $8.23 $8.22 $17,090 0.9%
98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 310 $8.37 $8.81 $18,320 5.8%
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,310 $7.75 $7.91 $16,460 0.6%
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 2,880 $7.03 $7.27 $15,120 0.9%
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 1,020 $6.48 $6.88 $14,300 1.6%
98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,440 $8.50 $8.78 $18,270 1.3%

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

# = Median hourly wage is over $60.01 per hour.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

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1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001