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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Virginia

Occupational divisions in Virginia:

Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments.

Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
 Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
13002 Financial Managers 16,660 $26.34 $27.88 $57,990 1.6%
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 6,230 $25.36 $25.91 $53,890 1.8%
13008 Purchasing Managers 3,680 $19.98 $22.09 $45,960 1.2%
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 12,510 $25.95 $28.43 $59,140 1.9%
13014 Administrative Services Managers 8,830 $22.47 $24.02 $49,970 1.3%
13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 11,460 $36.35 $34.35 $71,450 1.3%
 Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 770 $21.16 $21.72 $45,190 0.6%
15005 Education Administrators 9,750 $26.93 $26.26 $54,620 1.9%
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 3,710 $23.75 $25.39 $52,820 1.9%
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 4,470 $15.30 $19.27 $40,090 4.3%
15014 Industrial Production Managers 4,040 $26.01 $27.14 $56,460 1.4%
15017 Construction Managers 9,550 $22.62 $24.32 $50,580 2.0%
15021 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Well Drilling Managers 220 $26.61 $27.73 $57,670 3.5%
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 4,830 $26.89 $26.60 $55,340 1.6%
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 10,550 $13.06 $14.15 $29,430 1.7%
15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 30 $10.30 $11.30 $23,510 5.8%
15032 Lawn Service Managers 500 $12.87 $14.07 $29,260 2.9%
 Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 2,210 $6.07 $12.30 $25,590 10.2%
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 91,470 $25.63 $29.16 $60,650 0.9%
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 31,310 $26.00 $27.05 $56,260 0.9%
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
 Management Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 1,990 $19.02 $20.44 $42,520 3.6%
21105 Credit Analysts 590 $19.25 $19.89 $41,360 2.4%
21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 6,680 $15.18 $19.28 $40,110 3.1%
21111 Tax Preparers 1,800 $12.82 $17.17 $35,710 9.5%
21114 Accountants and Auditors 22,120 $17.94 $19.83 $41,240 1.4%
21117 Budget Analysts 3,350 $23.30 $24.51 $50,970 2.5%
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 8,100 $16.45 $19.24 $40,030 1.5%
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 2,350 $15.51 $18.21 $37,870 4.4%
21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 400 $13.20 $15.33 $31,890 4.0%
21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 7,610 $19.45 $20.94 $43,550 2.7%
21502 Claims Takers, Unemployment Benefits 50 $15.29 $15.24 $31,700 3.3%
21505 Special Agents, Insurance 1,290 $14.87 $16.94 $35,230 6.7%
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 3,120 $14.76 $18.20 $37,850 3.5%
21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 11,780 $18.69 $20.02 $41,640 1.7%
21902 Cost Estimators 4,280 $18.83 $20.16 $41,940 1.6%
21905 Management Analysts 13,040 $26.04 $26.43 $54,980 2.0%
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 2,710 $16.83 $17.28 $35,950 2.2%
21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 4,900 $16.83 $18.59 $38,660 1.2%
21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 1,480 $17.18 $18.53 $38,540 3.4%
21917 Assessors 660 $17.86 $18.70 $38,890 5.0%
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 990 $16.86 $19.23 $39,990 4.9%
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 21,790 $18.13 $20.03 $41,670 1.2%
 Engineers and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
22102 Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 1,990 $33.70 $30.87 $64,220 3.0%
22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 430 $27.61 $27.21 $56,590 3.7%
22108 Mining Engineers, Including Mine Safety 110 $29.50 $27.95 $58,130 4.0%
22111 Petroleum Engineers 30 $31.52 $29.12 $60,560 4.4%
22114 Chemical Engineers 930 $27.95 $27.53 $57,260 1.8%
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 5,380 $23.76 $24.67 $51,320 1.1%
22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 12,800 $30.48 $29.47 $61,300 2.2%
22127 Computer Engineers 15,890 $28.80 $27.92 $58,070 1.8%
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 2,460 $25.84 $26.05 $54,190 1.6%
22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 800 $22.36 $23.75 $49,400 2.6%
22135 Mechanical Engineers 4,990 $24.98 $25.82 $53,710 1.4%
22138 Marine Engineers 340 $24.00 $24.78 $51,550 2.8%
22199 All Other Engineers 13,060 $26.40 $27.01 $56,170 1.1%
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 1,660 $23.40 $25.36 $52,740 3.7%
22305 Marine Architects 300 $34.73 $32.52 $67,630 3.7%
22308 Landscape Architects 450 $15.42 $17.80 $37,030 4.1%
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 1,320 $17.71 $19.82 $41,230 3.1%
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 2,110 $16.08 $16.42 $34,140 5.6%
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 9,150 $17.96 $18.96 $39,440 1.8%
22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 850 $18.39 $20.07 $41,750 3.4%
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 2,450 $19.21 $20.36 $42,360 2.3%
22514 Drafters 5,830 $14.64 $15.32 $31,870 1.2%
22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 140 $22.45 $22.44 $46,670 2.2%
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 2,180 $12.76 $13.38 $27,820 1.9%
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 8,160 $18.41 $19.47 $40,490 1.5%
 Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
24102 Physicists and Astronomers 620 $33.97 $32.95 $68,540 4.3%
24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 1,410 $21.08 $22.95 $47,740 2.2%
24108 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 100 $28.67 $28.20 $58,650 6.3%
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 870 $26.03 $27.12 $56,400 2.5%
24199 All Other Physical Scientists 2,810 $26.35 $27.09 $56,350 2.9%
24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 600 $19.65 $20.69 $43,040 1.0%
24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 160 $24.24 $25.81 $53,690 4.9%
24308 Biological Scientists 1,830 $22.72 $24.64 $51,260 2.7%
24311 Medical Scientists 290 $29.25 $29.22 $60,790 7.9%
24399 All Other Life Scientists 790 $19.25 $21.20 $44,100 4.1%
24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 960 $13.34 $14.17 $29,470 1.7%
24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 1,420 $14.21 $15.15 $31,520 2.8%
24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 2,600 $14.80 $15.68 $32,610 2.6%
 Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 29,890 $28.37 $28.53 $59,350 4.3%
25103 Data Base Administrators 3,690 $22.91 $24.64 $51,250 1.8%
25104 Computer Support Specialists 15,170 $16.47 $18.19 $37,830 1.5%
25105 Computer Programmers 26,960 $21.89 $23.62 $49,130 2.3%
25108 Computer Programmer Aides 3,470 $13.38 $14.65 $30,480 2.5%
25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 120 $17.47 $17.52 $36,440 2.1%
25199 All Other Computer Scientists 3,030 $25.79 $25.97 $54,010 1.9%
25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 3,380 $24.09 $25.11 $52,220 2.3%
25310 Mathematical Scientists (*) $11.79 $14.30 $29,750 7.7%
25312 Statisticians 830 $23.76 $24.66 $51,290 2.6%
25313 Actuaries 150 $36.52 $35.75 $74,350 10.1%
25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 920 $22.02 $24.18 $50,290 5.2%
 Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 1,990 $22.05 $24.24 $50,420 3.0%
27105 Urban and Regional Planners 2,380 $20.32 $21.30 $44,310 4.3%
27108 Psychologists 2,020 $21.90 $23.69 $49,280 2.5%
27199 All Other Social Scientists 2,310 $24.13 $24.48 $50,920 4.9%
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 5,680 $15.56 $16.65 $34,630 2.2%
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 9,000 $13.94 $14.77 $30,730 2.6%
27307 Residential Counselors 3,270 $10.18 $10.82 $22,510 3.2%
27308 Human Services Workers 6,510 $9.74 $10.52 $21,880 2.5%
27311 Recreation Workers 4,270 $8.17 $9.15 $19,040 2.6%
27502 Clergy 390 $10.05 $12.32 $25,620 3.7%
27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 310 $11.44 $11.66 $24,260 4.4%
27599 All Other Religious Workers 180 $11.55 $11.76 $24,470 4.9%
 Law and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
28102 Judges and Magistrates 50 $50.23 $45.64 $94,940 3.2%
28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 1,710 $15.57 $16.60 $34,530 0.8%
28108 Lawyers 10,510 $37.93 $37.21 $77,390 5.4%
28302 Law Clerks 1,870 $12.60 $13.82 $28,740 3.1%
28305 Paralegal Personnel 3,620 $14.35 $16.25 $33,790 2.7%
28308 Title Searchers 320 $11.91 $14.35 $29,850 12.9%
28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 310 $13.23 $15.62 $32,490 7.7%
28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 630 $13.19 $14.35 $29,840 1.9%
 Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
31111 Lecturers 590 $16.23 $16.59 $34,510 2.8%
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 680 * * $45,700 3.0%
31117 Graduate Assistants, Teaching (*) * * $12,720 6.0%
31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 680 * * $47,790 3.9%
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 330 * * $51,370 4.8%
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 230 * * $58,110 6.6%
31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 370 * * $57,370 5.6%
31211 Health Diagnostics Teachers, Postsecondary 2,050 * * $75,540 8.7%
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 410 * * $48,120 3.8%
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 200 * * $44,170 3.8%
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 1,310 * * $43,750 3.4%
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 560 * * $45,350 4.5%
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 1,020 * * $42,970 2.8%
31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 730 * * $65,710 6.0%
31223 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 160 * * $54,390 4.6%
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 1,020 * * $43,250 4.2%
31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 730 * * $47,050 4.7%
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 410 * * $48,970 4.3%
31232 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $55,160 7.0%
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 350 * * $56,590 4.1%
31234 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $50,850 5.7%
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 630 * * $47,960 3.7%
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 350 * * $52,650 3.7%
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 610 * * $47,860 3.2%
31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 260 * * $28,240 9.5%
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 1,560 * * $50,850 5.7%
31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 380 * * $70,900 13.9%
31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 160 * * $38,730 5.8%
31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $38,370 6.9%
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 710 * * $47,930 4.4%
31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 360 * * $42,830 5.4%
31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $46,030 5.2%
31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $43,960 3.4%
31262 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $45,980 7.0%
31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 4,320 * * $40,310 5.2%
31303 Teachers, Preschool 8,440 $8.06 $9.33 $19,410 2.5%
31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 3,680 * * $32,980 2.3%
31305 Teachers, Elementary School 39,000 * * $35,940 2.4%
31308 Teachers, Secondary School 35,430 * * $38,410 2.2%
31311 Teachers, Special Education 8,970 * * $37,320 2.9%
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 5,290 $15.50 $16.61 $34,550 2.2%
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 1,700 $12.25 $13.97 $29,050 5.9%
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 8,340 $9.57 $12.30 $25,590 5.9%
31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors 190 $20.65 $23.04 $47,920 13.9%
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 16,790 * * $26,310 5.1%
31502 Librarians, Professional 4,860 $18.43 $19.19 $39,910 1.6%
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 2,260 $12.35 $12.32 $25,620 2.2%
31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 370 $15.03 $17.03 $35,430 3.4%
31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 360 $13.49 $16.30 $33,910 3.0%
31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 4,370 $18.46 $19.52 $40,610 2.8%
31517 Instructional Coordinators 3,450 $20.56 $22.06 $45,880 1.8%
31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 13,740 $6.38 $7.28 $15,140 2.3%
 Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 11,610 # $49.01 $101,930 5.5%
32105 Dentists 2,110 # $48.80 $101,510 5.4%
32108 Optometrists 500 $36.96 $34.81 $72,400 6.0%
32111 Podiatrists 100 $49.95 $43.42 $90,310 16.6%
32113 Chiropractors 220 $41.44 $37.61 $78,220 17.7%
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 1,120 $23.60 $26.29 $54,690 3.8%
32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 120 $24.58 $22.30 $46,380 5.9%
32302 Respiratory Therapists 1,740 $16.34 $16.72 $34,770 1.7%
32305 Occupational Therapists 1,550 $23.90 $26.04 $54,160 4.0%
32308 Physical Therapists 2,650 $29.00 $27.82 $57,860 1.4%
32311 Corrective and Manual Arts Therapists 40 $21.16 $21.76 $45,260 5.5%
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 2,210 $19.41 $21.39 $44,490 3.2%
32317 Recreational Therapists 550 $12.87 $12.92 $26,860 1.7%
32399 All Other Therapists 580 $14.00 $15.09 $31,400 4.4%
32502 Registered Nurses 45,780 $18.48 $19.37 $40,280 1.3%
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 17,860 $12.14 $12.48 $25,960 0.9%
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 1,710 $11.45 $11.40 $23,710 2.2%
32511 Physician Assistants 1,340 $11.71 $15.04 $31,290 4.7%
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 1,690 $12.21 $13.16 $27,370 2.7%
32517 Pharmacists 4,450 $33.16 $29.77 $61,930 1.1%
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 4,610 $8.03 $8.58 $17,840 1.2%
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 1,010 $15.35 $15.62 $32,480 2.6%
32523 Dietetic Technicians 530 $7.33 $7.98 $16,600 4.9%
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 3,570 $16.41 $16.65 $34,640 1.3%
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 3,050 $11.73 $12.52 $26,030 1.5%
32908 Dental Hygienists 3,060 $25.21 $25.93 $53,930 2.8%
32911 Medical Records Technicians 1,440 $10.14 $10.65 $22,150 1.7%
32913 Radiation Therapists 280 $19.55 $20.24 $42,100 3.8%
32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 250 $18.26 $18.34 $38,150 1.2%
32919 Radiologic Technologists 3,930 $15.51 $16.00 $33,280 1.6%
32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 160 $14.99 $15.51 $32,270 1.9%
32925 Cardiology Technologists 690 $17.84 $17.27 $35,920 3.4%
32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 360 $13.85 $15.76 $32,770 7.8%
32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 870 $12.21 $12.39 $25,770 1.3%
32931 Psychiatric Technicians 1,560 $9.21 $9.39 $19,530 1.7%
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 990 $10.36 $9.98 $20,750 1.9%
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 12,390 $13.17 $17.47 $36,330 6.0%
 Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
34002 Writers and Editors 4,700 $17.27 $19.97 $41,530 3.6%
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 2,040 $18.40 $19.72 $41,010 3.8%
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 2,800 $17.05 $19.17 $39,870 3.2%
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 1,330 $11.43 $14.50 $30,160 8.3%
34014 Broadcast News Analysts 190 $14.12 $18.99 $39,490 13.7%
34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 1,290 $6.51 $9.09 $18,910 4.5%
34023 Photographers 1,540 $10.37 $11.86 $24,680 3.4%
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 240 $8.73 $9.84 $20,470 7.4%
34028 Broadcast Technicians 700 $9.28 $10.55 $21,950 3.4%
34032 Film Editors 330 $15.17 $17.79 $37,010 7.4%
34035 Artists and Related Workers 3,440 $14.57 $15.15 $31,520 2.1%
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 5,270 $14.07 $15.15 $31,510 1.5%
34041 Interior Designers 980 $15.89 $18.57 $38,630 6.8%
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 630 $8.23 $9.08 $18,880 2.3%
34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 390 * * $24,070 17.3%
34051 Musicians, Instrumental 900 * * $34,740 13.8%
34053 Dancers and Choreographers 360 $11.15 $12.48 $25,950 6.1%
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 2,400 * * $36,490 5.9%
34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 830 * * $33,140 20.9%
 Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
39005 Traffic Technicians 540 $22.11 $22.84 $47,510 3.0%
39008 Radio Operators 70 $14.17 $14.10 $29,330 5.6%
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 610 $15.32 $16.60 $34,530 3.5%
39014 Embalmers 280 $11.71 $12.28 $25,550 6.6%
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 32,240 $19.05 $20.98 $43,630 2.3%
Sales and Related Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 42,230 $13.01 $15.95 $33,170 1.0%
 Sales Occupations, Services top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 7,790 $16.38 $20.28 $42,180 5.4%
43005 Brokers, Real Estate 600 $18.12 $23.56 $49,000 7.7%
43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 2,920 $14.53 $18.65 $38,780 5.0%
43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 880 $15.65 $18.90 $39,320 7.4%
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 4,510 $24.05 $29.07 $60,470 4.9%
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 9,050 $16.45 $18.07 $37,590 4.9%
43021 Travel Agents 3,500 $11.93 $12.24 $25,460 2.2%
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 2,720 $12.96 $15.50 $32,240 3.2%
43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 4,470 $11.63 $14.81 $30,800 6.1%
 Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
49002 Sales Engineers 3,040 $15.20 $20.86 $43,380 4.7%
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 11,720 $23.11 $24.91 $51,800 2.9%
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 23,320 $17.24 $19.88 $41,360 1.5%
49011 Salespersons, Retail 114,740 $7.39 $8.62 $17,940 0.9%
49014 Salespersons, Parts 6,690 $10.90 $11.75 $24,430 1.6%
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 11,760 $6.62 $7.34 $15,260 1.1%
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 25,770 $7.46 $7.89 $16,400 0.6%
49023 Cashiers 91,510 $6.32 $6.86 $14,270 0.6%
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 12,520 $7.54 $8.05 $16,740 2.9%
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 1,100 $7.28 $7.77 $16,160 2.8%
49036 Models 70 $9.11 $9.05 $18,820 6.2%
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 10,460 $9.71 $12.31 $25,600 1.8%
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 41,260 $14.58 $16.18 $33,660 0.8%
 Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
53102 Tellers 16,080 $8.43 $8.64 $17,980 0.9%
53105 New Accounts Clerks 2,990 $9.86 $10.01 $20,820 1.1%
53108 Transit Clerks (*) $8.18 $8.37 $17,410 1.9%
53111 Loan Interviewers 810 $9.28 $9.70 $20,170 2.3%
53114 Credit Authorizers 530 $11.29 $11.55 $24,020 1.4%
53117 Credit Checkers 1,900 $10.22 $10.17 $21,150 1.5%
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 4,920 $10.23 $10.75 $22,370 1.7%
53123 Adjustment Clerks 15,090 $10.26 $10.94 $22,760 1.9%
53126 Statement Clerks 420 $8.41 $9.00 $18,720 3.1%
53128 Brokerage Clerks 1,330 $10.42 $10.79 $22,450 2.5%
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 3,480 $20.11 $22.07 $45,910 3.8%
53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 300 $21.62 $22.86 $47,550 8.0%
53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 190 $10.84 $12.89 $26,810 7.8%
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 3,550 $10.51 $11.05 $22,980 1.9%
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 4,560 $11.61 $11.85 $24,650 2.3%
53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 3,070 $14.56 $15.30 $31,830 2.1%
53505 Investigators, Clerical 220 $10.48 $12.25 $25,490 2.2%
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 6,170 $10.64 $10.74 $22,340 1.2%
53702 Court Clerks 840 $11.85 $13.61 $28,300 3.4%
53705 Municipal Clerks 270 $11.37 $13.24 $27,530 7.5%
53708 License Clerks 1,100 $11.04 $11.32 $23,540 1.5%
53802 Travel Clerks 620 $8.56 $9.64 $20,050 3.2%
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 5,530 $12.27 $13.20 $27,460 6.9%
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 5,770 $6.97 $7.09 $14,750 1.0%
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 4,410 $8.62 $9.22 $19,180 1.8%
53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 8,890 $6.31 $7.09 $14,740 2.7%
53908 Advertising Clerks 320 $9.31 $9.65 $20,080 3.5%
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 640 $8.64 $9.66 $20,080 2.5%
53914 Real Estate Clerks 3,300 $8.29 $8.35 $17,370 3.4%
 Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 4,940 $11.93 $13.13 $27,320 3.4%
55105 Medical Secretaries 4,200 $10.48 $10.69 $22,240 2.3%
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 65,010 $11.21 $11.63 $24,190 0.6%
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 1,830 $10.99 $12.12 $25,210 4.2%
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 34,740 $8.49 $8.82 $18,340 0.6%
55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 7,140 $10.19 $10.64 $22,130 1.2%
55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 4,150 $12.36 $12.59 $26,190 0.6%
55317 Correspondence Clerks 490 $11.16 $13.29 $27,650 1.8%
55321 File Clerks 5,220 $7.83 $8.27 $17,200 1.5%
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 9,190 $9.64 $10.13 $21,060 1.7%
55326 Procurement Clerks 1,560 $11.02 $11.26 $23,420 1.5%
55328 Statistical Clerks 1,540 $12.61 $12.93 $26,890 2.8%
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 3,650 $9.61 $9.62 $20,010 3.3%
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 5,950 $15.86 $15.13 $31,470 1.9%
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 41,410 $11.01 $11.44 $23,790 0.6%
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 4,390 $11.74 $12.14 $25,250 1.0%
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 8,440 $10.39 $10.68 $22,220 1.3%
55347 General Office Clerks 75,140 $9.16 $10.31 $21,440 0.6%
 Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 2,120 $9.67 $10.09 $20,980 2.3%
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 1,660 $8.54 $8.98 $18,680 3.3%
56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 1,310 $8.71 $9.48 $19,730 2.8%
56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 7,960 $11.69 $12.30 $25,580 1.8%
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 860 $10.30 $11.21 $23,320 1.7%
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 11,360 $8.63 $9.15 $19,030 2.1%
56021 Data Keyers, Composing 550 $8.58 $9.52 $19,800 2.4%
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 2,590 $10.75 $11.06 $22,990 0.9%
 Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 4,810 $8.34 $8.53 $17,740 1.8%
57105 Directory Assistance Operators 870 $15.01 $14.45 $30,050 2.3%
57108 Central Office Operators (*) $14.94 $14.44 $30,030 2.7%
57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 720 $14.70 $14.79 $30,760 1.9%
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 2,830 $9.06 $9.41 $19,570 0.8%
57305 Postal Mail Carriers 8,780 $16.61 $16.27 $33,840 0.5%
57308 Postal Service Clerks 1,920 $17.01 $16.51 $34,340 1.4%
57311 Messengers 1,740 $7.96 $8.34 $17,350 1.7%
 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,720 $9.82 $10.34 $21,500 2.3%
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 3,550 $11.78 $12.60 $26,210 1.3%
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 5,500 $13.97 $14.56 $30,280 1.2%
58011 Transportation Agents 330 $15.93 $15.01 $31,220 2.1%
58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 1,230 $12.01 $12.72 $26,450 2.1%
58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 1,010 $9.44 $10.48 $21,790 1.9%
58021 Marking Clerks 600 $8.43 $8.54 $17,770 1.5%
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 18,890 $9.09 $9.77 $20,320 0.7%
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 4,000 $8.23 $8.73 $18,160 1.5%
58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 20,410 $10.44 $11.48 $23,870 1.1%
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 4,840 $10.00 $10.94 $22,750 1.9%
 Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 21,030 $11.45 $11.87 $24,690 1.0%
Service Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 1,720 $20.93 $22.39 $46,560 5.2%
61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 2,890 $18.45 $21.10 $43,880 2.5%
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 2,600 $9.65 $10.11 $21,030 1.3%
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 16,600 $10.90 $11.96 $24,880 1.3%
 Protective Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
63002 Fire Inspectors 50 $21.17 $19.37 $40,280 5.1%
63008 Fire Fighters 3,110 $15.97 $17.03 $35,430 4.9%
63011 Police Detectives 910 $21.50 $23.05 $47,940 5.4%
63014 Police Patrol Officers 8,240 $16.16 $17.76 $36,940 4.7%
63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 9,960 $11.34 $11.87 $24,690 1.0%
63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 70 $10.77 $10.88 $22,620 4.8%
63023 Bailiffs 120 $11.62 $12.83 $26,680 3.0%
63028 Criminal Investigators, Public Service 900 $30.52 $27.86 $57,950 4.2%
63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 2,820 $12.67 $14.14 $29,410 1.5%
63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 450 $9.67 $11.91 $24,770 5.4%
63041 Fish and Game Wardens 230 $14.76 $15.41 $32,060 2.0%
63044 Crossing Guards 720 $10.31 $9.99 $20,790 4.6%
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 23,700 $7.97 $8.78 $18,260 1.5%
63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 5,640 $6.91 $8.95 $18,620 4.5%
 Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 6,070 $6.40 $6.76 $14,070 1.3%
65005 Bartenders 5,570 $5.89 $6.31 $13,120 1.1%
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 49,090 $5.84 $6.26 $13,010 1.7%
65011 Food Servers, Outside 2,010 $6.40 $7.01 $14,590 1.7%
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 9,570 $5.96 $6.33 $13,170 1.2%
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 4,860 $6.27 $6.68 $13,900 1.5%
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 3,450 $7.76 $8.35 $17,360 1.3%
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 2,730 $10.99 $11.32 $23,540 1.4%
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 18,930 $7.79 $8.28 $17,210 1.3%
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 7,200 $7.33 $7.93 $16,500 1.0%
65032 Cooks, Fast Food 20,270 $5.87 $6.06 $12,610 1.1%
65035 Cooks, Short Order 4,550 $6.60 $7.00 $14,570 1.9%
65038 Food Preparation Workers 27,690 $6.60 $7.04 $14,630 1.0%
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 36,690 $5.99 $6.33 $13,170 0.9%
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 7,680 $6.67 $7.53 $15,670 1.3%
 Health Service and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
66002 Dental Assistants 5,660 $10.49 $10.94 $22,760 2.6%
66005 Medical Assistants 5,810 $9.85 $10.17 $21,150 2.1%
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 29,710 $7.31 $7.53 $15,660 1.1%
66011 Home Health Aides 8,570 $7.03 $7.65 $15,910 2.5%
66014 Psychiatric Aides 1,120 $8.88 $10.48 $21,810 12.4%
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 1,740 $11.35 $12.95 $26,940 2.1%
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 530 $14.73 $16.49 $34,310 6.0%
66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 860 $8.48 $8.67 $18,030 2.4%
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 4,080 $9.38 $9.86 $20,500 2.9%
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 26,480 $6.70 $6.94 $14,440 0.9%
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 52,600 $6.89 $7.39 $15,370 1.0%
67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 2,040 $10.21 $10.06 $20,930 7.0%
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 4,370 $8.26 $9.39 $19,520 2.2%
 Personal Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
68002 Barbers 370 $10.65 $10.63 $22,120 7.0%
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 11,000 $8.76 $10.00 $20,790 5.8%
68008 Manicurists 660 $6.81 $8.00 $16,640 5.0%
68011 Shampooers 1,250 $6.27 $6.84 $14,240 2.8%
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 4,660 $6.03 $6.94 $14,430 2.4%
68017 Guides 1,010 $6.10 $6.95 $14,460 5.9%
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,750 $6.05 $6.19 $12,870 2.3%
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 680 $6.40 $7.10 $14,770 1.4%
68026 Flight Attendants 2,730 * * $45,140 9.0%
68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 140 $6.61 $7.16 $14,900 3.3%
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 4,020 $5.95 $6.31 $13,120 2.3%
68038 Child Care Workers 8,920 $6.22 $6.77 $14,080 2.8%
68041 Funeral Attendants 1,160 $7.47 $7.85 $16,320 3.4%
 Other Service Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 6,860 $7.23 $8.46 $17,600 2.4%
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 2,000 $12.68 $13.53 $28,150 2.4%
 Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
73002 Fallers and Buckers 280 $9.92 $10.52 $21,880 5.4%
73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 810 $8.80 $9.17 $19,080 7.3%
73011 Logging Tractor Operators 550 $9.62 $9.87 $20,540 3.7%
73099 All Other Timber Cutting and Related Logging Workers 170 $8.50 $9.15 $19,020 12.2%
 Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 350 $12.02 $12.40 $25,800 1.0%
79008 Log Graders and Scalers 180 $8.44 $9.10 $18,930 6.2%
79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 640 $6.55 $7.14 $14,860 2.3%
79016 Animal Trainers 120 $7.52 $8.68 $18,060 13.7%
79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 2,510 $6.69 $7.39 $15,360 1.4%
79021 Farm Equipment Operators (*) $7.72 $7.90 $16,430 1.9%
79033 Pruners 750 $9.31 $10.14 $21,100 6.7%
79036 Sprayers/Applicators 430 $9.73 $10.23 $21,270 3.5%
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 22,460 $7.98 $8.41 $17,490 0.9%
79806 Veterinary Assistants 1,300 $7.50 $7.65 $15,910 1.8%
79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 490 $8.63 $9.11 $18,950 6.0%
79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 2,290 $8.43 $10.29 $21,410 3.2%
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 12,480 $18.34 $19.44 $40,440 1.0%
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 13,030 $17.69 $18.61 $38,710 1.0%
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 12,800 $17.09 $17.67 $36,760 0.8%
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 4,550 $16.33 $16.70 $34,730 2.9%
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 3,990 $13.22 $14.38 $29,900 1.6%
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 5,810 $17.40 $19.16 $39,860 1.6%
 Inspectors and Related Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 3,230 $12.52 $13.35 $27,770 5.6%
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 10,140 $10.17 $11.02 $22,930 1.7%
83008 Transportation Inspectors 230 $17.70 $16.80 $34,950 5.4%
83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 1,750 $12.90 $14.10 $29,340 4.1%
 Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 6,420 $14.44 $14.46 $30,070 1.0%
85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 1,510 $11.81 $11.45 $23,810 1.7%
85113 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Sewing Machines 270 $11.05 $10.95 $22,770 1.8%
85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 630 $16.96 $16.98 $35,320 1.7%
85117 Underground Mine Machinery Mechanics 380 $16.81 $18.07 $37,590 2.9%
85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 1,450 $17.38 $18.26 $37,980 2.6%
85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,270 $14.63 $15.06 $31,320 2.3%
85123 Millwrights 1,880 $15.04 $16.40 $34,120 2.1%
85126 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 30 $11.45 $11.96 $24,880 3.4%
85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 2,400 $13.70 $13.74 $28,580 1.3%
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 26,920 $11.00 $11.69 $24,320 0.8%
85302 Automotive Mechanics 17,670 $13.05 $13.90 $28,920 1.7%
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 4,800 $13.33 $14.77 $30,720 2.4%
85308 Motorcycle Repairers 210 $10.56 $10.76 $22,380 3.0%
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 5,860 $13.39 $13.89 $28,890 1.7%
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 2,720 $13.63 $14.32 $29,780 1.3%
85317 Rail Car Repairers 410 $16.64 $15.99 $33,260 9.1%
85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 740 $10.34 $10.18 $21,170 2.6%
85323 Aircraft Mechanics 2,000 $19.87 $19.64 $40,840 4.2%
85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists 30 $18.10 $19.41 $40,370 4.2%
85328 Small Engine Specialists 930 $8.54 $9.15 $19,030 3.1%
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 2,370 $20.75 $19.74 $41,070 1.9%
85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 410 $22.96 $22.42 $46,630 2.5%
85508 Telegraph and Teletype Installers and Maintainers 220 $22.86 $22.33 $46,450 2.2%
85514 Radio Mechanics 240 $13.64 $13.69 $28,470 2.3%
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,040 $21.67 $20.83 $43,340 2.4%
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 5,150 $13.82 $15.80 $32,870 5.2%
85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 1,950 $14.84 $15.55 $32,340 3.1%
85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 1,130 $9.10 $10.16 $21,140 5.4%
85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 660 $10.46 $10.97 $22,820 3.9%
85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 430 $13.55 $13.76 $28,610 1.4%
85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,530 $17.12 $17.39 $36,160 1.9%
85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 300 $22.19 $22.49 $46,790 2.2%
85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 3,100 $20.69 $19.53 $40,610 1.4%
85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 1,030 $19.99 $19.33 $40,220 3.2%
85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 120 $10.99 $12.96 $26,970 5.6%
85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,110 $12.42 $14.00 $29,130 4.9%
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 7,290 $13.44 $13.85 $28,810 1.5%
85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 490 $17.85 $18.24 $37,940 2.7%
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 440 $16.03 $16.35 $34,020 3.2%
85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 320 $17.00 $17.03 $35,420 2.0%
85914 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 40 $11.20 $12.23 $25,430 2.1%
85917 Watchmakers 60 $13.04 $13.41 $27,890 7.4%
85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 90 $10.78 $11.02 $22,930 9.7%
85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 570 $12.00 $12.32 $25,620 3.0%
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 2,460 $13.22 $13.10 $27,260 3.3%
85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 410 $17.63 $17.28 $35,950 1.7%
85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 530 $18.07 $18.96 $39,440 3.6%
85935 Riggers 1,220 $15.41 $15.10 $31,410 2.2%
85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 1,120 $9.79 $10.16 $21,120 2.2%
85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 150 $11.69 $12.93 $26,890 3.6%
85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 550 $11.36 $11.39 $23,690 2.0%
85951 Bicycle Repairers 100 $9.06 $9.16 $19,050 4.6%
85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 2,010 $7.55 $8.71 $18,120 6.5%
85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 220 $7.90 $8.00 $16,640 2.2%
85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 9,050 $12.06 $12.84 $26,710 1.4%
 Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
87102 Carpenters 18,590 $12.54 $12.94 $26,910 1.3%
87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 390 $12.96 $13.04 $27,130 2.3%
87108 Drywall Installers 2,370 $12.70 $12.90 $26,830 2.2%
87111 Tapers 360 $13.23 $12.83 $26,680 3.5%
87114 Lathers (*) $13.07 $14.64 $30,460 3.6%
87202 Electricians 18,410 $14.98 $15.48 $32,200 1.9%
87302 Brickmasons 4,120 $15.82 $15.03 $31,260 2.6%
87305 Stonemasons 990 $13.78 $13.67 $28,440 8.5%
87308 Hard Tile Setters 280 $14.49 $14.54 $30,230 5.1%
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 2,910 $11.77 $12.14 $25,240 1.3%
87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 210 $13.28 $13.82 $28,740 3.4%
87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 990 $11.89 $12.28 $25,540 2.3%
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 8,560 $11.53 $12.00 $24,960 2.2%
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 11,470 $14.35 $14.32 $29,770 1.4%
87505 Pipelaying Fitters 70 $16.71 $15.86 $33,000 4.5%
87508 Pipelayers 1,620 $10.70 $11.40 $23,720 3.1%
87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 40 $10.11 $10.41 $21,650 7.0%
87602 Carpet Installers 450 $11.91 $14.01 $29,140 5.9%
87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 610 $11.41 $12.36 $25,700 2.2%
87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators 210 $9.63 $10.44 $21,720 5.2%
87702 Air Hammer Operators 150 $12.63 $12.79 $26,600 6.9%
87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 2,210 $10.13 $10.37 $21,560 1.9%
87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 3,960 $11.79 $11.63 $24,190 0.8%
87714 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 440 $16.08 $15.43 $32,090 6.9%
87802 Insulation Workers 2,940 $11.97 $12.43 $25,850 1.5%
87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 1,400 $11.62 $13.49 $28,050 5.3%
87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 1,300 $11.43 $11.62 $24,180 1.9%
87808 Roofers 3,110 $11.62 $12.36 $25,700 3.7%
87811 Glaziers 600 $12.48 $12.83 $26,680 3.2%
87814 Structural Metal Workers 1,490 $14.30 $14.56 $30,280 2.1%
87817 Fence Erectors 270 $9.44 $9.36 $19,470 2.3%
87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 3,330 $11.29 $11.80 $24,550 2.9%
87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 510 $10.80 $11.31 $23,530 2.1%
87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers 140 $14.32 $15.00 $31,200 5.2%
87908 Rock Splitters, Quarry 30 $8.91 $8.98 $18,680 5.1%
87911 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction (*) $14.22 $15.64 $32,530 1.4%
87923 Roof Bolters 400 $15.01 $15.68 $32,610 2.5%
87941 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 440 $13.10 $13.47 $28,010 2.0%
87943 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators 60 $13.18 $13.54 $28,160 2.5%
87949 All Other Mining Machine Operators 270 $15.24 $16.49 $34,310 9.8%
87989 All Other Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 240 $14.93 $14.28 $29,690 5.3%
87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 2,700 $12.17 $12.52 $26,040 2.0%
 Precision Production Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
89102 Tool and Die Makers 1,390 $15.97 $16.11 $33,500 1.9%
89105 Precision Instrument Makers 60 $18.57 $17.38 $36,160 5.6%
89108 Machinists 8,550 $13.90 $14.09 $29,300 1.2%
89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 790 $9.73 $10.00 $20,800 1.8%
89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 150 $13.61 $13.75 $28,600 2.4%
89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 430 $11.60 $12.77 $26,570 6.7%
89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products 30 $9.02 $8.94 $18,600 8.5%
89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 70 $9.07 $10.54 $21,920 4.4%
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 5,220 $12.76 $12.70 $26,410 1.2%
89135 Boilermakers 380 $17.52 $17.55 $36,490 1.8%
89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 390 $11.80 $12.19 $25,360 1.6%
89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood (*) $10.97 $12.09 $25,150 1.2%
89305 Pattern Markers, Wood 80 $10.21 $9.63 $20,020 2.1%
89308 Wood Machinists 980 $9.10 $9.13 $18,980 2.5%
89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 3,060 $10.52 $10.96 $22,800 2.7%
89314 Furniture Finishers 980 $9.76 $10.78 $22,430 6.5%
89399 All Other Precision Woodworkers 1,050 $9.06 $9.35 $19,440 2.0%
89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 190 $9.99 $10.67 $22,200 3.8%
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 500 $9.29 $9.61 $19,990 1.8%
89508 Upholsterers 1,310 $8.52 $9.09 $18,920 4.1%
89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 140 $9.33 $8.96 $18,630 4.6%
89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 470 $7.32 $7.98 $16,590 7.0%
89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 610 $7.20 $7.39 $15,370 4.8%
89521 Precision Dyers 70 $10.57 $10.65 $22,150 2.9%
89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 390 $11.55 $11.50 $23,920 2.9%
89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 250 $10.41 $10.87 $22,620 4.6%
89705 Job Printers 350 $11.22 $12.06 $25,080 3.5%
89706 Paste-Up Workers 120 $8.96 $10.45 $21,740 6.9%
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 550 $13.36 $13.85 $28,810 2.3%
89712 Photoengravers 40 $15.87 $15.23 $31,670 4.5%
89713 Camera Operators 160 $13.36 $13.33 $27,720 3.9%
89715 Scanner Operators 150 $14.16 $15.50 $32,240 5.9%
89717 Strippers 540 $14.22 $14.75 $30,680 3.2%
89718 Platemakers 340 $13.07 $12.87 $26,760 3.1%
89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 110 $11.59 $13.10 $27,250 10.0%
89721 Bookbinders 330 $11.24 $11.49 $23,900 25.0%
89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers 180 $12.18 $12.30 $25,580 4.4%
89802 Slaughterers and Butchers (*) $9.06 $9.29 $19,320 7.1%
89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 800 $8.35 $8.92 $18,550 3.9%
89808 Food Batchmakers 710 $8.31 $9.31 $19,360 5.7%
89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 190 $9.81 $11.07 $23,020 14.8%
89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 90 $10.53 $10.60 $22,050 0.9%
89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 320 $8.81 $9.31 $19,370 1.6%
89908 Precision Patternmakers, Model Makers, Lay-Out Workers, and Cutters 70 $14.66 $14.55 $30,260 1.5%
89911 Precision Detail Design Decorators and Painters 130 $8.16 $9.76 $20,300 2.2%
89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers (*) $9.59 $9.31 $19,360 2.5%
89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 410 $8.84 $9.29 $19,320 2.3%
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 720 $11.11 $12.49 $25,980 4.0%
89923 Medical Appliance Makers 60 $13.72 $19.10 $39,730 12.9%
89999 All Other Precision Workers 2,480 $10.28 $11.20 $23,300 1.7%
 Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 200 $10.19 $10.43 $21,690 1.6%
91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 790 $10.84 $11.10 $23,080 1.7%
91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 630 $10.69 $10.92 $22,710 2.6%
91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 230 $11.53 $12.33 $25,640 3.1%
91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 720 $11.20 $11.26 $23,410 2.9%
91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,680 $10.65 $10.65 $22,150 3.8%
91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 450 $10.50 $10.41 $21,660 1.1%
91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,060 $12.33 $11.94 $24,840 3.7%
91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 230 $10.39 $10.66 $22,180 2.3%
91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 870 $8.74 $9.72 $20,210 3.8%
91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 250 $12.74 $12.46 $25,910 2.5%
91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 160 $12.06 $11.95 $24,850 1.3%
91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 2,180 $11.14 $10.91 $22,690 1.7%
91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,030 $12.68 $12.44 $25,880 4.6%
91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 710 $13.60 $12.77 $26,570 3.6%
91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,100 $10.46 $10.06 $20,920 2.1%
91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 410 $11.75 $12.36 $25,710 3.6%
91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 970 $11.60 $12.01 $24,990 1.3%
91708 Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $10.76 $10.42 $21,680 2.4%
91711 Soldering and Brazing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $7.69 $7.87 $16,380 10.3%
91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 820 $10.98 $11.57 $24,070 3.8%
91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 690 $10.68 $10.63 $22,100 2.1%
91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 3,130 $10.41 $9.91 $20,610 1.9%
91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 150 $10.56 $10.55 $21,950 1.1%
91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 790 $11.58 $11.28 $23,470 1.8%
91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 230 $9.96 $9.95 $20,700 2.2%
91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 360 $8.47 $9.81 $20,410 1.6%
91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 790 $10.90 $10.98 $22,830 2.4%
91928 Heating Equipment Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $11.26 $11.47 $23,860 3.0%
91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 230 $13.92 $14.33 $29,820 4.5%
91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 210 $12.12 $11.50 $23,920 1.8%
92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 920 $10.10 $10.60 $22,040 1.0%
92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 1,220 $11.41 $11.29 $23,490 2.5%
92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 350 $9.58 $10.03 $20,860 2.9%
92305 Head Sawyers 410 $15.04 $15.55 $32,340 4.9%
92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 2,880 $9.57 $9.88 $20,550 4.0%
92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 1,520 $9.64 $9.83 $20,460 1.8%
92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 2,110 $8.67 $9.15 $19,040 2.8%
92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 420 $13.56 $13.18 $27,400 4.6%
92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,290 $13.59 $13.44 $27,960 2.6%
92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 630 $16.29 $16.25 $33,800 3.7%
92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 170 $9.96 $10.17 $21,160 3.1%
92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 560 $8.80 $9.30 $19,340 3.3%
92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 640 $13.96 $13.49 $28,060 3.1%
92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 330 $12.76 $12.90 $26,820 3.5%
92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $10.21 $11.04 $22,960 6.2%
92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 3,330 $11.84 $12.37 $25,720 2.7%
92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $9.68 $10.18 $21,170 7.4%
92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 1,240 $9.48 $10.41 $21,650 2.6%
92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 410 $9.79 $10.52 $21,890 3.2%
92702 Textile Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 970 $11.05 $10.95 $22,780 1.4%
92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 8,530 $9.32 $9.23 $19,200 1.2%
92708 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators and Tenders, Synthetic or Glass Fibers 1,010 $15.02 $14.53 $30,220 5.6%
92711 Textile Draw-Out Machine Operators and Tenders 140 $9.48 $9.20 $19,140 1.4%
92714 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,330 $9.02 $8.74 $18,190 1.3%
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 10,330 $7.25 $7.35 $15,290 1.4%
92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 3,000 $7.41 $7.93 $16,500 3.8%
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 4,540 $6.82 $7.21 $14,990 1.8%
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 1,850 $7.65 $7.96 $16,550 3.3%
92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 250 $6.57 $7.80 $16,220 1.8%
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 940 $8.13 $8.90 $18,510 3.5%
92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,380 $12.01 $11.49 $23,890 2.2%
92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 190 $9.49 $9.75 $20,290 2.8%
92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 160 $9.72 $9.44 $19,640 1.9%
92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 550 $12.16 $12.39 $25,770 1.6%
92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 590 $14.47 $14.73 $30,630 2.0%
92928 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders (*) $7.90 $9.15 $19,040 3.7%
92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 1,520 $19.12 $18.01 $37,460 2.9%
92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders 310 $13.02 $14.01 $29,130 2.4%
92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 400 $8.90 $10.11 $21,030 1.3%
92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 1,880 $9.79 $11.00 $22,880 3.3%
92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 1,240 $14.16 $14.41 $29,970 2.1%
92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 560 $9.83 $11.17 $23,240 1.8%
92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 930 $9.91 $10.21 $21,230 3.5%
92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 910 $9.20 $9.20 $19,130 1.9%
92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 640 $11.56 $12.69 $26,400 5.5%
92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 410 $16.73 $15.42 $32,070 3.0%
92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 2,960 $10.59 $11.04 $22,960 1.8%
92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 1,470 $16.58 $15.33 $31,880 4.0%
92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 3,190 $9.94 $10.48 $21,790 2.9%
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 7,630 $8.99 $10.13 $21,070 3.3%
92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 2,640 $10.70 $10.75 $22,360 1.9%
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 9,020 $10.36 $11.04 $22,960 2.9%
 Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 1,390 $12.28 $12.21 $25,410 2.0%
93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision (*) $9.78 $10.38 $21,590 4.5%
93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 770 $9.48 $10.24 $21,310 2.9%
93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 3,160 $8.89 $9.67 $20,120 3.8%
93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 1,220 $11.51 $10.97 $22,810 0.9%
93902 Machine Assemblers 1,100 $12.18 $12.20 $25,380 1.5%
93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 3,210 $8.81 $9.38 $19,520 2.8%
93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 530 $10.02 $10.27 $21,350 3.3%
93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing 40 $8.15 $8.58 $17,860 4.5%
93914 Welders and Cutters 8,670 $13.67 $13.62 $28,340 1.5%
93917 Solderers and Brazers 860 $7.90 $8.24 $17,140 2.1%
93921 Pressers, Hand (*) $6.15 $6.23 $12,950 3.8%
93923 Sewers, Hand 80 $7.91 $9.16 $19,050 3.8%
93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 620 $7.87 $8.06 $16,750 1.2%
93928 Portable Machine Cutters (*) $11.05 $10.51 $21,850 4.5%
93935 Cannery Workers 260 $8.50 $7.75 $16,130 5.6%
93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 5,050 $7.53 $7.50 $15,590 2.5%
93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 80 $12.28 $12.12 $25,210 2.1%
93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 240 $9.37 $9.29 $19,330 3.2%
93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 490 $8.35 $9.59 $19,960 5.4%
93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand (*) $7.38 $7.50 $15,590 3.1%
93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,510 $9.85 $9.76 $20,290 1.6%
93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 24,240 $8.61 $8.95 $18,620 1.1%
93999 All Other Hand Workers 9,660 $6.95 $7.80 $16,220 1.6%
 Plant and System Occupations top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 3,990 $13.31 $14.21 $29,560 3.3%
95005 Gas Plant Operators 80 $20.65 $19.60 $40,760 5.2%
95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators (*) $17.39 $17.00 $35,350 2.7%
95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 500 $17.69 $17.47 $36,340 2.7%
95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power (*) $20.79 $20.31 $42,250 3.5%
95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 340 $19.98 $19.62 $40,810 2.4%
95032 Stationary Engineers 620 $14.46 $15.33 $31,890 1.6%
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 2,120 $9.85 $11.29 $23,480 2.7%
 Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 37,650 $12.04 $12.68 $26,380 1.0%
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 31,890 $9.00 $9.82 $20,430 1.6%
97108 Bus Drivers 3,870 $9.02 $9.63 $20,020 2.8%
97111 Bus Drivers, School 14,470 $6.14 $7.17 $14,910 2.2%
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 1,880 $6.05 $6.72 $13,980 3.5%
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 9,100 $9.14 $9.78 $20,350 1.9%
97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 1,570 $10.26 $11.01 $22,910 2.0%
97302 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 1,200 $18.42 $19.17 $39,880 2.9%
97305 Locomotive Engineers 730 $21.93 $22.40 $46,600 6.4%
97308 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers (*) $17.30 $17.51 $36,420 4.6%
97317 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 240 $18.21 $18.31 $38,090 2.9%
97502 Captains, Water Vessel 420 $23.40 $26.40 $54,910 3.6%
97508 Pilots, Ship (*) $16.51 $27.47 $57,140 3.7%
97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 3,430 * * $85,670 17.1%
97805 Service Station Attendants 3,430 $7.46 $7.62 $15,850 4.4%
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 1,120 $6.21 $6.37 $13,240 2.1%
97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 3,200 $9.66 $11.15 $23,190 3.0%
97902 Longshore Equipment Operators 510 $25.10 $24.03 $49,970 9.1%
97921 Gas Compressor Operators 40 $21.03 $19.68 $40,930 8.0%
97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 4,420 $11.59 $11.81 $24,570 1.9%
97926 Dragline Operators 100 $9.67 $13.63 $28,350 23.1%
97928 Dredge Operators 30 $10.46 $10.50 $21,830 3.1%
97932 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 140 $12.43 $12.74 $26,490 1.5%
97935 Shuttle Car Operators 270 $13.83 $14.53 $30,220 2.9%
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 2,900 $11.38 $11.89 $24,720 1.4%
97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 120 $10.64 $11.07 $23,020 2.2%
97944 Crane and Tower Operators 1,210 $14.86 $14.67 $30,510 1.4%
97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 9,900 $9.91 $10.33 $21,490 0.9%
97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 950 $10.87 $10.81 $22,480 1.7%
97953 Pump Operators 170 $12.77 $13.96 $29,040 2.6%
97956 Operating Engineers 2,000 $11.93 $12.79 $26,600 2.3%
97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 3,130 $11.97 $12.40 $25,800 2.1%
97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,670 $8.36 $9.88 $20,550 5.3%
 Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 4,780 $8.24 $9.04 $18,790 1.4%
98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 3,420 $9.21 $9.30 $19,340 2.5%
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 6,280 $9.08 $9.18 $19,090 2.2%
98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 4,280 $9.04 $9.26 $19,270 1.3%
98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 910 $9.26 $9.13 $18,990 3.6%
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,640 $8.36 $8.95 $18,620 2.6%
98316 Helpers, Roofers 1,160 $7.74 $7.84 $16,310 2.8%
98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 2,800 $9.30 $9.45 $19,660 1.4%
98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 180 $8.19 $8.45 $17,580 1.6%
98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 4,920 $8.54 $9.39 $19,540 2.1%
98702 Stevedores, Except Equipment Operators 1,430 $21.74 $21.26 $44,220 2.9%
98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,610 $9.22 $9.22 $19,180 3.2%
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 18,530 $8.06 $8.59 $17,860 1.4%
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 25,890 $6.48 $7.13 $14,820 1.2%
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 5,410 $7.04 $7.54 $15,690 1.3%
98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 51,910 $8.27 $8.95 $18,610 1.5%

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

# = Median hourly wage is over $60.01 per hour.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

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1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001