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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

West Virginia

Occupational divisions in West Virginia:

Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments.

Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

Managerial and Administrative Occupations
 Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
13002 Financial Managers 2,700 $18.92 $22.11 $46,000 1.6%
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 930 $19.69 $21.93 $45,610 2.4%
13008 Purchasing Managers 890 $13.97 $16.83 $35,010 1.8%
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 1,440 $18.95 $22.11 $45,980 2.1%
13014 Administrative Services Managers 1,700 $17.69 $19.64 $40,840 1.7%
13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 1,160 $30.16 $28.90 $60,120 1.6%
 Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 700 $19.02 $19.91 $41,410 0.6%
15005 Education Administrators 1,940 $25.29 $25.94 $53,950 1.3%
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 1,290 $18.65 $20.38 $42,380 2.8%
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 370 $14.09 $15.54 $32,330 6.9%
15014 Industrial Production Managers 940 $22.33 $23.81 $49,520 2.0%
15017 Construction Managers 1,100 $18.31 $19.68 $40,940 5.1%
15021 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Well Drilling Managers 440 $30.68 $27.90 $58,020 3.6%
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 1,040 $24.33 $24.52 $51,000 2.1%
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 2,280 $10.48 $11.44 $23,790 4.0%
15032 Lawn Service Managers 70 $15.56 $14.09 $29,300 10.9%
 Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 850 $10.51 $13.41 $27,890 5.6%
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 18,230 $19.94 $23.63 $49,140 0.9%
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 3,830 $19.11 $20.33 $42,280 1.2%
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
 Management Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 130 $10.80 $13.78 $28,660 11.3%
21105 Credit Analysts 150 $12.47 $13.58 $28,240 1.4%
21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 1,220 $14.96 $16.08 $33,440 2.3%
21111 Tax Preparers 480 $9.30 $10.07 $20,940 3.2%
21114 Accountants and Auditors 3,620 $15.04 $16.91 $35,160 1.6%
21117 Budget Analysts 380 $22.18 $22.99 $47,820 7.4%
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 560 $15.60 $19.46 $40,490 5.9%
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 310 $11.31 $12.07 $25,110 2.4%
21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 70 $10.76 $12.37 $25,720 4.2%
21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 770 $16.29 $17.60 $36,600 1.8%
21502 Claims Takers, Unemployment Benefits 170 $9.41 $9.26 $19,270 0.9%
21505 Special Agents, Insurance 160 $11.03 $13.14 $27,320 7.7%
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 170 $10.84 $11.33 $23,560 4.5%
21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 1,380 $18.91 $19.58 $40,730 1.6%
21902 Cost Estimators 540 $16.19 $17.65 $36,700 2.1%
21905 Management Analysts 310 $26.02 $26.01 $54,110 3.7%
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 200 $12.37 $15.04 $31,280 4.0%
21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 1,410 $16.40 $17.79 $36,990 1.3%
21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 340 $10.67 $14.40 $29,960 2.3%
21917 Assessors 220 $9.65 $10.91 $22,690 2.4%
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 200 $9.83 $11.87 $24,680 3.5%
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 2,270 $15.33 $17.56 $36,520 1.6%
 Engineers and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 120 $25.85 $27.48 $57,150 4.7%
22108 Mining Engineers, Including Mine Safety 340 $27.81 $26.32 $54,750 3.0%
22111 Petroleum Engineers (*) $34.15 $31.45 $65,420 4.4%
22114 Chemical Engineers 390 $32.54 $29.56 $61,490 2.7%
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 1,090 $19.87 $21.82 $45,380 2.0%
22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 710 $25.60 $25.32 $52,670 1.4%
22127 Computer Engineers 240 $24.15 $25.41 $52,850 4.9%
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 240 $28.58 $27.10 $56,370 2.2%
22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 100 $28.03 $26.26 $54,610 2.4%
22135 Mechanical Engineers 610 $23.10 $23.33 $48,520 2.3%
22199 All Other Engineers 890 $27.93 $26.93 $56,010 1.8%
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 110 $24.65 $29.41 $61,170 13.6%
22308 Landscape Architects 50 $18.07 $19.51 $40,580 3.6%
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 430 $11.81 $13.21 $27,470 2.8%
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 810 $12.35 $13.42 $27,910 1.8%
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,190 $15.48 $16.29 $33,890 1.9%
22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $21.00 $19.69 $40,960 2.2%
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 200 $15.07 $17.05 $35,460 2.0%
22514 Drafters 940 $12.91 $14.10 $29,320 1.7%
22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 30 $18.05 $18.36 $38,200 4.9%
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 540 $10.12 $11.07 $23,030 2.1%
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 940 $16.37 $16.44 $34,190 3.0%
 Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
24102 Physicists and Astronomers 30 $28.81 $27.13 $56,440 7.4%
24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 680 $24.79 $25.53 $53,100 4.8%
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 160 $21.99 $22.92 $47,680 3.1%
24199 All Other Physical Scientists 340 $24.96 $25.29 $52,600 4.3%
24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 300 $17.60 $18.67 $38,820 1.2%
24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 70 $29.03 $26.44 $55,000 3.7%
24308 Biological Scientists 290 $20.64 $22.23 $46,240 2.2%
24399 All Other Life Scientists 200 $22.77 $23.22 $48,290 3.2%
24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 240 $13.74 $13.61 $28,310 1.6%
24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 690 $15.78 $15.65 $32,560 4.6%
24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 560 $11.11 $12.04 $25,040 2.8%
 Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 1,460 $22.71 $22.96 $47,760 3.6%
25103 Data Base Administrators 170 $20.39 $21.69 $45,110 2.3%
25104 Computer Support Specialists 920 $13.68 $15.63 $32,510 1.9%
25105 Computer Programmers 970 $17.71 $18.84 $39,180 1.3%
25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 40 $18.58 $19.59 $40,740 4.5%
25199 All Other Computer Scientists 180 $21.85 $22.11 $45,990 3.2%
25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 140 $26.69 $26.99 $56,150 3.3%
25312 Statisticians 40 $25.33 $24.24 $50,410 5.0%
25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 40 $16.91 $19.90 $41,400 7.0%
 Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 80 $14.72 $18.78 $39,060 3.1%
27105 Urban and Regional Planners 100 $12.94 $14.62 $30,410 9.5%
27108 Psychologists 370 $20.55 $22.34 $46,470 4.8%
27199 All Other Social Scientists 380 $19.09 $19.46 $40,470 4.6%
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 1,430 $10.94 $12.07 $25,100 2.0%
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 2,090 $10.33 $10.89 $22,650 1.6%
27307 Residential Counselors 970 $7.58 $8.65 $18,000 4.1%
27308 Human Services Workers 1,680 $7.31 $7.71 $16,030 2.1%
27311 Recreation Workers 890 $6.16 $7.34 $15,270 2.0%
27502 Clergy 100 $15.18 $15.76 $32,790 1.6%
 Law and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
28102 Judges and Magistrates 400 $17.17 $18.99 $39,500 1.9%
28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 370 $14.88 $15.47 $32,180 1.1%
28108 Lawyers 1,720 $24.49 $28.16 $58,560 5.2%
28302 Law Clerks 210 $9.92 $11.23 $23,350 0.9%
28305 Paralegal Personnel 890 $11.82 $12.69 $26,390 2.0%
28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 270 $10.24 $11.23 $23,350 2.0%
 Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 210 * * $40,580 2.9%
31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 180 * * $52,560 4.5%
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 90 * * $44,130 5.0%
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $51,620 3.1%
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $56,830 4.3%
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $39,080 3.1%
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 210 * * $41,680 3.2%
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $42,020 2.7%
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 180 * * $40,120 6.1%
31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $58,380 4.2%
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $40,670 5.6%
31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $41,560 3.8%
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $46,590 3.4%
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $50,000 4.1%
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $47,910 3.0%
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $50,160 3.8%
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $42,530 4.2%
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 260 * * $45,500 3.8%
31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $39,740 7.1%
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 280 * * $39,440 3.7%
31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $32,100 1.8%
31303 Teachers, Preschool 820 $8.21 $9.49 $19,730 3.3%
31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 1,330 * * $33,890 0.6%
31305 Teachers, Elementary School 9,400 * * $34,630 0.6%
31308 Teachers, Secondary School 7,860 * * $35,480 0.7%
31311 Teachers, Special Education 3,890 * * $34,090 0.5%
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 2,400 $16.53 $16.06 $33,400 0.8%
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 410 $9.86 $11.59 $24,110 4.7%
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 1,720 $6.05 $9.06 $18,840 3.5%
31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors 40 $16.05 $17.03 $35,430 3.8%
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 490 * * $37,120 5.8%
31502 Librarians, Professional 720 $16.46 $15.16 $31,540 1.6%
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 210 $9.83 $9.94 $20,670 2.3%
31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 30 $19.17 $19.52 $40,600 5.3%
31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 850 $17.26 $16.33 $33,970 0.7%
31517 Instructional Coordinators 160 $20.63 $20.13 $41,870 2.2%
31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 2,780 $8.30 $8.49 $17,670 0.9%
 Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 2,670 # $52.69 $109,600 7.6%
32105 Dentists 260 $59.00 $46.81 $97,360 10.1%
32108 Optometrists 80 $32.95 $33.05 $68,750 7.0%
32113 Chiropractors 90 $53.56 $43.12 $89,700 18.1%
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 160 $22.42 $29.03 $60,390 16.4%
32302 Respiratory Therapists 700 $14.80 $14.99 $31,190 1.0%
32305 Occupational Therapists 210 $23.60 $26.25 $54,610 4.5%
32308 Physical Therapists 860 $28.22 $26.34 $54,790 5.3%
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 510 $18.90 $21.12 $43,930 1.7%
32317 Recreational Therapists 140 $10.21 $11.77 $24,480 3.5%
32399 All Other Therapists 270 $14.07 $17.66 $36,740 3.3%
32502 Registered Nurses 14,840 $16.82 $17.72 $36,870 1.4%
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 6,390 $10.74 $10.80 $22,460 0.8%
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 1,550 $8.01 $8.48 $17,630 2.3%
32511 Physician Assistants 710 $19.09 $17.04 $35,450 8.6%
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 280 $9.33 $9.59 $19,950 3.0%
32517 Pharmacists 1,510 $32.19 $29.48 $61,320 1.9%
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,580 $7.94 $8.34 $17,340 1.4%
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 280 $14.78 $16.38 $34,060 2.1%
32523 Dietetic Technicians 100 $9.71 $10.15 $21,110 3.0%
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 930 $16.43 $15.93 $33,130 1.5%
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,030 $11.28 $11.73 $24,400 1.9%
32908 Dental Hygienists 730 $16.63 $15.77 $32,800 4.4%
32911 Medical Records Technicians 630 $8.67 $9.12 $18,970 1.4%
32913 Radiation Therapists 120 $16.27 $17.09 $35,550 2.5%
32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 190 $16.57 $17.14 $35,660 1.3%
32919 Radiologic Technologists 1,440 $13.64 $13.73 $28,550 0.8%
32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 50 $13.24 $13.96 $29,030 2.7%
32925 Cardiology Technologists 160 $14.65 $14.76 $30,690 1.5%
32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 130 $9.71 $10.20 $21,220 3.2%
32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 440 $11.22 $11.49 $23,910 0.9%
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 110 $8.04 $8.43 $17,530 3.7%
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 2,040 $11.07 $13.11 $27,270 2.5%
 Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
34002 Writers and Editors 370 $11.84 $12.68 $26,370 2.6%
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 40 $15.51 $15.54 $32,330 3.9%
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 210 $14.06 $15.05 $31,300 2.3%
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 240 $8.94 $10.53 $21,900 4.3%
34014 Broadcast News Analysts (*) $5.98 $8.91 $18,530 14.3%
34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 420 $6.28 $8.00 $16,630 4.1%
34023 Photographers 360 $8.62 $10.28 $21,380 3.7%
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 80 $7.92 $9.25 $19,240 7.4%
34028 Broadcast Technicians 180 $6.96 $8.38 $17,430 6.6%
34032 Film Editors 30 $9.47 $9.75 $20,280 5.5%
34035 Artists and Related Workers 140 $10.19 $10.44 $21,720 2.9%
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 910 $6.89 $8.97 $18,660 3.0%
34041 Interior Designers 80 $10.42 $10.93 $22,730 7.0%
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 110 $6.99 $7.66 $15,940 1.9%
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 140 * * $26,970 5.2%
34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers (*) * * $22,960 2.2%
 Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
39002 Airplane Dispatchers and Air Traffic Controllers 140 $23.10 $23.05 $47,950 4.0%
39008 Radio Operators 60 $7.21 $7.67 $15,950 2.5%
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 320 $16.50 $18.11 $37,670 6.6%
39014 Embalmers 110 $13.90 $11.82 $24,580 6.3%
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 3,620 $13.61 $15.49 $32,230 2.0%
Sales and Related Occupations
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 8,170 $11.12 $13.26 $27,580 1.6%
 Sales Occupations, Services
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 1,630 $10.81 $14.28 $29,690 11.3%
43005 Brokers, Real Estate 30 $13.43 $19.86 $41,320 16.2%
43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 520 $8.07 $11.38 $23,680 7.1%
43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 300 $17.83 $20.62 $42,880 9.6%
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 360 $27.99 $30.24 $62,900 4.8%
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 990 $12.33 $13.81 $28,720 4.7%
43021 Travel Agents 240 $8.52 $8.82 $18,350 4.3%
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 560 $10.55 $13.38 $27,830 2.8%
43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 170 $11.55 $12.97 $26,970 3.3%
 Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
49002 Sales Engineers 150 $25.10 $25.58 $53,200 2.6%
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 1,640 $19.35 $20.33 $42,290 2.4%
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 4,930 $15.51 $16.28 $33,870 1.8%
49011 Salespersons, Retail 23,450 $6.37 $7.63 $15,880 1.0%
49014 Salespersons, Parts 1,650 $8.72 $9.59 $19,950 1.9%
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,040 $6.24 $6.95 $14,460 1.5%
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 7,220 $6.37 $7.31 $15,200 0.9%
49023 Cashiers 21,550 $6.07 $6.30 $13,100 0.6%
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 4,870 $7.57 $7.75 $16,110 2.3%
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 160 $7.38 $8.48 $17,630 3.2%
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 2,040 $9.12 $10.25 $21,320 2.0%
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
 First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 6,060 $12.44 $14.04 $29,200 0.8%
 Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
53102 Tellers 4,180 $7.39 $7.48 $15,560 1.2%
53105 New Accounts Clerks 790 $8.68 $8.83 $18,360 1.2%
53108 Transit Clerks 90 $7.74 $7.79 $16,200 2.4%
53111 Loan Interviewers 60 $7.78 $8.32 $17,310 4.8%
53117 Credit Checkers 100 $9.01 $9.37 $19,500 2.9%
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 870 $9.26 $9.28 $19,310 1.6%
53123 Adjustment Clerks 1,660 $9.18 $9.48 $19,730 2.2%
53126 Statement Clerks 40 $7.25 $7.27 $15,120 2.9%
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 870 $14.44 $16.74 $34,820 8.9%
53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 60 $17.37 $17.99 $37,430 4.2%
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 660 $9.46 $9.79 $20,360 1.5%
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 370 $9.62 $9.57 $19,910 3.4%
53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 660 $9.12 $11.87 $24,680 0.8%
53505 Investigators, Clerical 30 $9.89 $11.09 $23,070 13.9%
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 1,140 $8.69 $9.24 $19,220 1.4%
53702 Court Clerks 360 $9.28 $10.05 $20,900 2.1%
53705 Municipal Clerks 150 $8.14 $8.46 $17,590 4.3%
53708 License Clerks 270 $7.43 $7.46 $15,520 1.3%
53802 Travel Clerks 40 $8.54 $8.64 $17,960 4.5%
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 250 $14.33 $13.19 $27,440 5.0%
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 1,190 $6.07 $6.35 $13,210 1.3%
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 560 $6.61 $7.06 $14,680 2.6%
53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 1,190 $7.50 $7.59 $15,790 1.6%
53908 Advertising Clerks 160 $8.30 $8.61 $17,900 1.7%
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 140 $6.24 $7.33 $15,260 4.7%
 Secretarial and General Office Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 2,430 $9.67 $10.71 $22,280 6.6%
55105 Medical Secretaries 1,410 $8.91 $9.09 $18,910 1.5%
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 13,580 $9.31 $9.49 $19,740 0.6%
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 680 $10.51 $11.30 $23,490 2.1%
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 5,410 $7.32 $7.61 $15,820 1.0%
55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 1,630 $8.06 $8.59 $17,870 1.8%
55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 450 $11.31 $11.70 $24,330 1.2%
55317 Correspondence Clerks (*) $9.19 $10.15 $21,120 2.4%
55321 File Clerks 810 $7.07 $7.86 $16,340 2.3%
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 1,270 $8.74 $9.89 $20,570 4.2%
55326 Procurement Clerks 220 $11.27 $11.47 $23,870 1.7%
55328 Statistical Clerks 150 $9.89 $10.42 $21,680 1.4%
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 890 $7.98 $8.15 $16,950 1.2%
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 1,570 $15.34 $13.75 $28,610 4.3%
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 8,790 $9.04 $9.52 $19,810 0.7%
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 850 $10.36 $10.80 $22,460 1.2%
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 1,740 $8.68 $8.96 $18,630 1.5%
55347 General Office Clerks 15,710 $7.82 $8.51 $17,710 0.7%
 Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 760 $8.25 $8.59 $17,870 1.9%
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 150 $9.59 $9.51 $19,770 1.3%
56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 160 $6.74 $8.13 $16,920 2.6%
56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,100 $10.45 $10.76 $22,370 0.9%
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 50 $9.87 $10.83 $22,530 3.3%
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 1,530 $7.37 $7.75 $16,120 0.9%
56021 Data Keyers, Composing (*) $10.00 $10.65 $22,150 2.1%
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 1,070 $10.67 $10.96 $22,790 1.8%
 Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 810 $7.23 $7.49 $15,580 1.0%
57105 Directory Assistance Operators 410 $15.40 $14.88 $30,940 2.6%
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 720 $6.58 $7.46 $15,510 2.9%
57305 Postal Mail Carriers 1,860 $16.38 $16.05 $33,380 0.6%
57308 Postal Service Clerks 280 $17.19 $16.84 $35,030 2.0%
57311 Messengers 300 $7.26 $7.36 $15,320 1.4%
 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 680 $8.14 $8.10 $16,850 1.6%
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 850 $11.68 $12.58 $26,170 3.6%
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,020 $12.75 $13.09 $27,220 1.7%
58011 Transportation Agents 130 $10.75 $11.14 $23,170 3.7%
58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 770 $10.19 $10.87 $22,610 2.5%
58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (*) $17.79 $16.52 $34,370 2.4%
58021 Marking Clerks 50 $7.37 $7.46 $15,520 1.9%
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 4,170 $8.48 $9.98 $20,770 4.2%
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 870 $7.26 $7.73 $16,070 7.8%
58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,990 $9.79 $10.95 $22,770 1.6%
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 330 $9.64 $12.55 $26,110 3.8%
 Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 2,690 $9.73 $10.31 $21,450 1.4%
Service Occupations
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 180 $13.32 $13.46 $28,010 2.6%
61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 410 $15.87 $16.56 $34,450 1.7%
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 500 $8.89 $9.45 $19,660 1.5%
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 3,540 $8.27 $9.79 $20,370 1.5%
 Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
63008 Fire Fighters 710 $11.83 $11.79 $24,530 2.3%
63011 Police Detectives 70 $12.95 $13.02 $27,090 2.5%
63014 Police Patrol Officers 1,690 $12.06 $11.92 $24,790 1.6%
63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 1,770 $9.27 $9.85 $20,490 1.5%
63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 110 $7.95 $9.18 $19,090 3.4%
63023 Bailiffs 50 $8.94 $9.56 $19,880 4.1%
63028 Criminal Investigators, Public Service 70 $30.17 $27.46 $57,110 5.3%
63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 820 $12.29 $12.58 $26,180 2.0%
63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public (*) $10.73 $12.30 $25,590 7.1%
63041 Fish and Game Wardens 80 $15.29 $15.75 $32,750 1.3%
63044 Crossing Guards 260 $6.75 $6.73 $14,000 3.3%
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 5,780 $5.92 $6.46 $13,430 1.8%
63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 610 $8.95 $10.02 $20,840 2.4%
 Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 910 $5.82 $5.92 $12,320 1.1%
65005 Bartenders 1,900 $5.98 $6.14 $12,770 1.7%
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 8,830 $5.76 $5.70 $11,860 0.9%
65011 Food Servers, Outside 160 $6.39 $6.84 $14,220 3.1%
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 1,860 $5.94 $6.14 $12,760 1.1%
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 1,370 $5.89 $5.82 $12,110 1.7%
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 610 $6.11 $6.55 $13,630 1.5%
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 860 $8.30 $8.83 $18,370 2.0%
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 4,190 $6.13 $6.48 $13,470 1.2%
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 4,010 $7.32 $7.39 $15,370 0.7%
65032 Cooks, Fast Food 4,200 $5.84 $5.78 $12,030 1.5%
65035 Cooks, Short Order 1,530 $5.83 $6.02 $12,510 1.9%
65038 Food Preparation Workers 7,570 $5.92 $6.31 $13,130 1.0%
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 9,740 $5.77 $5.83 $12,120 1.0%
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 1,140 $6.15 $6.64 $13,810 1.4%
 Health Service and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
66002 Dental Assistants 920 $8.60 $8.78 $18,260 2.2%
66005 Medical Assistants 970 $8.03 $8.29 $17,240 1.6%
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 8,610 $6.81 $7.10 $14,770 1.1%
66011 Home Health Aides 4,020 $6.17 $6.54 $13,600 1.5%
66014 Psychiatric Aides 400 $7.65 $8.04 $16,720 2.5%
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 510 $8.09 $9.04 $18,810 2.6%
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 110 $9.70 $11.94 $24,830 5.3%
66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 250 $6.12 $6.79 $14,120 3.5%
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 950 $7.90 $8.54 $17,760 3.0%
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 6,010 $6.15 $6.48 $13,470 1.0%
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 11,760 $7.28 $7.82 $16,270 1.2%
67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 120 $12.60 $12.33 $25,650 5.6%
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 1,480 $6.68 $7.52 $15,640 2.1%
 Personal Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
68002 Barbers 30 $7.92 $10.89 $22,650 22.6%
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 1,930 $6.08 $6.61 $13,740 2.8%
68008 Manicurists 30 $5.77 $5.60 $11,640 2.8%
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,020 $5.95 $6.37 $13,250 2.5%
68017 Guides 610 $7.41 $7.64 $15,880 4.8%
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 420 $9.29 $8.05 $16,740 6.9%
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 130 $6.39 $6.56 $13,650 2.4%
68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants (*) $5.67 $5.73 $11,910 5.5%
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 3,680 $5.98 $6.24 $12,980 1.1%
68038 Child Care Workers 1,710 $5.94 $6.40 $13,320 1.8%
68041 Funeral Attendants 300 $7.37 $7.70 $16,010 4.2%
 Other Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 1,490 $6.12 $7.29 $15,170 4.0%
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 190 $14.47 $15.97 $33,210 4.1%
 Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
73002 Fallers and Buckers 640 $6.73 $7.54 $15,680 7.8%
73005 Choke Setters (*) $10.73 $11.00 $22,890 13.5%
73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 440 $8.36 $9.10 $18,930 4.4%
73011 Logging Tractor Operators 250 $8.48 $8.78 $18,250 3.4%
73099 All Other Timber Cutting and Related Logging Workers 40 $9.22 $10.34 $21,510 5.1%
 Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 210 $12.52 $12.74 $26,500 3.9%
79008 Log Graders and Scalers 140 $10.46 $10.34 $21,500 2.5%
79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 130 $5.84 $6.55 $13,630 4.7%
79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 540 $6.41 $6.85 $14,250 3.5%
79033 Pruners (*) $11.21 $11.20 $23,300 2.2%
79036 Sprayers/Applicators 200 $10.78 $11.25 $23,390 5.3%
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 4,640 $7.38 $8.54 $17,770 2.6%
79806 Veterinary Assistants 280 $7.02 $7.24 $15,050 3.0%
79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 50 $5.93 $6.12 $12,740 4.2%
79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 440 $9.37 $10.34 $21,520 2.1%
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 3,220 $21.00 $20.62 $42,890 1.4%
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 2,840 $21.93 $21.51 $44,730 2.0%
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 2,680 $16.92 $17.90 $37,220 2.7%
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 670 $18.11 $19.78 $41,140 2.2%
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 520 $14.72 $16.46 $34,230 2.6%
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 1,290 $19.20 $19.76 $41,110 2.1%
 Inspectors and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 740 $15.20 $14.71 $30,600 3.4%
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,010 $11.54 $11.33 $23,570 2.3%
83008 Transportation Inspectors (*) $16.45 $15.80 $32,860 10.4%
83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 520 $11.53 $12.24 $25,450 2.5%
 Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,590 $11.53 $12.26 $25,500 2.3%
85117 Underground Mine Machinery Mechanics 770 $18.61 $19.55 $40,660 5.0%
85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 810 $20.12 $19.47 $40,500 1.5%
85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 250 $18.41 $19.00 $39,520 3.5%
85123 Millwrights 1,170 $17.37 $17.12 $35,600 2.1%
85126 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 50 $14.76 $14.49 $30,130 2.7%
85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 610 $16.74 $15.11 $31,420 4.3%
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 8,490 $9.88 $10.76 $22,390 1.4%
85302 Automotive Mechanics 3,560 $10.17 $10.69 $22,240 1.6%
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 1,470 $8.34 $10.58 $22,000 11.5%
85308 Motorcycle Repairers 80 $7.50 $7.80 $16,230 3.7%
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,040 $11.17 $11.77 $24,470 2.2%
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 1,300 $14.78 $14.83 $30,850 1.4%
85317 Rail Car Repairers 250 $17.60 $17.47 $36,330 3.5%
85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 80 $9.26 $9.14 $19,010 2.6%
85323 Aircraft Mechanics 140 $16.40 $15.43 $32,100 1.9%
85328 Small Engine Specialists 130 $8.65 $8.93 $18,570 7.4%
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 300 $21.25 $20.54 $42,730 2.1%
85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 130 $22.96 $22.10 $45,970 3.3%
85508 Telegraph and Teletype Installers and Maintainers 40 $22.99 $22.34 $46,470 2.5%
85514 Radio Mechanics (*) $13.99 $14.47 $30,100 7.1%
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (*) $21.00 $19.56 $40,690 4.1%
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 1,920 $10.87 $12.28 $25,540 2.8%
85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 110 $12.61 $13.57 $28,220 3.6%
85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 210 $8.54 $8.56 $17,800 2.7%
85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 130 $9.22 $9.67 $20,110 2.8%
85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 640 $11.68 $11.90 $24,750 4.2%
85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 300 $14.26 $13.88 $28,870 4.3%
85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 230 $21.83 $21.40 $44,500 1.8%
85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 860 $20.20 $18.12 $37,680 4.8%
85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 460 $20.64 $20.08 $41,770 2.9%
85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 30 $14.15 $13.78 $28,670 2.3%
85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 70 $18.15 $17.89 $37,210 4.2%
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,180 $11.60 $12.69 $26,390 3.2%
85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 390 $21.25 $20.24 $42,090 3.2%
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers (*) $17.15 $16.42 $34,150 6.2%
85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 60 $21.06 $20.27 $42,160 2.4%
85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners (*) $9.40 $10.13 $21,070 6.9%
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 330 $9.30 $10.82 $22,500 7.4%
85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 170 $19.43 $19.34 $40,230 2.8%
85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers (*) $20.66 $19.27 $40,080 4.3%
85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 510 $7.77 $8.45 $17,580 4.3%
85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 60 $18.06 $17.54 $36,480 3.9%
85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 200 $8.50 $9.24 $19,220 6.2%
85951 Bicycle Repairers 60 $7.91 $8.16 $16,970 5.5%
85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 660 $7.56 $8.07 $16,780 3.4%
85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,390 $12.53 $13.35 $27,770 1.3%
 Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
87102 Carpenters 5,440 $10.89 $12.34 $25,660 2.7%
87108 Drywall Installers 90 $12.50 $13.81 $28,720 10.0%
87111 Tapers 60 $15.76 $15.51 $32,260 8.2%
87121 Brattice Builders 50 $17.73 $17.48 $36,350 2.1%
87202 Electricians 3,580 $17.36 $17.09 $35,540 1.6%
87302 Brickmasons 730 $14.25 $15.16 $31,530 5.4%
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 460 $11.32 $13.37 $27,820 3.3%
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 1,440 $10.80 $12.07 $25,110 3.8%
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,370 $18.28 $17.71 $36,840 3.2%
87508 Pipelayers 230 $11.89 $13.44 $27,960 5.8%
87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (*) $7.34 $7.85 $16,340 15.5%
87602 Carpet Installers 400 $7.41 $8.59 $17,870 10.0%
87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 430 $9.97 $11.54 $24,000 5.5%
87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 550 $8.80 $8.76 $18,220 1.6%
87714 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators (*) $17.43 $16.36 $34,030 2.6%
87802 Insulation Workers 190 $20.77 $18.82 $39,140 5.8%
87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (*) $14.33 $14.08 $29,280 2.6%
87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 140 $8.89 $10.65 $22,150 6.1%
87808 Roofers 830 $10.12 $12.27 $25,520 5.2%
87811 Glaziers 210 $10.02 $11.20 $23,290 6.9%
87814 Structural Metal Workers 360 $19.27 $17.48 $36,350 2.8%
87817 Fence Erectors (*) $8.21 $8.61 $17,910 2.0%
87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 430 $15.54 $14.92 $31,040 2.5%
87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 400 $20.05 $21.62 $44,960 5.7%
87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers 130 $15.52 $15.96 $33,190 4.7%
87908 Rock Splitters, Quarry 50 $11.16 $13.62 $28,330 7.3%
87911 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction 130 $13.02 $14.03 $29,180 4.0%
87914 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction 100 $9.65 $9.70 $20,180 1.3%
87917 Service Unit Operators 210 $9.90 $11.06 $23,000 3.3%
87921 Roustabouts 590 $8.05 $8.86 $18,440 2.8%
87923 Roof Bolters 790 $17.98 $20.09 $41,780 3.8%
87941 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 1,520 $17.99 $19.10 $39,720 5.0%
87943 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators (*) $17.14 $17.61 $36,640 4.0%
87949 All Other Mining Machine Operators 2,340 $15.77 $16.90 $35,160 4.1%
87989 All Other Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 1,210 $17.68 $17.38 $36,150 2.0%
87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 780 $12.13 $12.45 $25,890 2.3%
 Precision Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
89102 Tool and Die Makers 180 $13.19 $14.58 $30,330 1.9%
89108 Machinists 2,170 $13.12 $13.52 $28,120 1.6%
89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 230 $11.79 $12.00 $24,960 1.5%
89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 30 $11.94 $12.22 $25,410 1.3%
89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 40 $10.62 $9.78 $20,340 9.1%
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 1,100 $15.96 $16.52 $34,360 3.7%
89135 Boilermakers (*) $21.84 $22.26 $46,310 4.4%
89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 60 $14.22 $13.77 $28,650 2.8%
89308 Wood Machinists 300 $8.70 $8.53 $17,740 2.1%
89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 290 $10.11 $9.69 $20,140 2.2%
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 110 $7.25 $7.79 $16,190 2.9%
89508 Upholsterers 40 $7.11 $7.37 $15,330 5.2%
89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 40 $7.74 $8.15 $16,960 4.5%
89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 130 $6.29 $6.36 $13,220 2.5%
89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers (*) $9.88 $12.75 $26,510 2.0%
89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 40 $7.62 $7.94 $16,510 2.5%
89705 Job Printers 30 $9.28 $9.59 $19,950 6.6%
89706 Paste-Up Workers 50 $7.84 $8.55 $17,780 4.3%
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 50 $9.83 $10.60 $22,050 2.0%
89713 Camera Operators 40 $9.00 $8.71 $18,110 3.5%
89717 Strippers 40 $10.98 $10.86 $22,600 1.1%
89718 Platemakers 30 $11.13 $10.44 $21,720 2.1%
89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 80 $7.12 $7.14 $14,840 4.4%
89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 150 $7.48 $8.34 $17,350 13.4%
89808 Food Batchmakers 50 $7.49 $7.92 $16,470 4.4%
89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 100 $7.84 $8.05 $16,740 3.1%
89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers (*) $8.49 $8.23 $17,120 1.5%
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 150 $9.79 $10.56 $21,960 2.6%
89999 All Other Precision Workers 300 $12.02 $12.61 $26,220 3.1%
 Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 110 $15.41 $14.67 $30,510 3.0%
91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 140 $11.91 $13.27 $27,590 2.0%
91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $10.73 $10.57 $21,990 3.2%
91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $14.73 $15.41 $32,040 1.5%
91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $11.90 $12.89 $26,800 3.5%
91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $8.48 $9.95 $20,690 3.7%
91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 110 $12.81 $12.97 $26,970 1.5%
91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 200 $11.78 $10.84 $22,550 2.2%
91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 270 $13.85 $13.90 $28,900 1.8%
91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $8.84 $9.91 $20,600 6.7%
91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 560 $16.83 $17.73 $36,870 6.7%
91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $9.60 $10.29 $21,400 4.4%
91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 590 $10.36 $9.89 $20,560 2.2%
91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 300 $10.95 $12.12 $25,210 2.4%
91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 70 $11.90 $12.10 $25,180 1.5%
91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $13.04 $12.88 $26,780 2.2%
91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 270 $10.51 $10.74 $22,350 3.5%
91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 140 $10.92 $11.55 $24,030 2.5%
91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $10.09 $10.69 $22,240 3.2%
91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 370 $8.16 $8.36 $17,380 2.9%
91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 230 $14.12 $14.06 $29,240 1.8%
91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 240 $18.76 $18.25 $37,950 1.9%
91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 $15.47 $14.64 $30,440 2.9%
91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 200 $16.84 $16.42 $34,160 12.2%
91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 260 $17.13 $16.40 $34,120 8.1%
91938 Heaters, Metal and Plastic 100 $14.66 $14.82 $30,830 2.8%
92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $11.60 $11.98 $24,920 2.2%
92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 300 $14.08 $14.46 $30,080 2.9%
92305 Head Sawyers 170 $11.55 $11.62 $24,170 2.7%
92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 660 $7.79 $8.21 $17,080 1.8%
92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 110 $11.07 $10.64 $22,130 3.6%
92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 370 $7.37 $7.39 $15,380 4.4%
92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $20.72 $17.93 $37,290 6.0%
92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 200 $13.06 $12.63 $26,280 1.1%
92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $12.42 $12.53 $26,050 2.3%
92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $7.75 $8.13 $16,910 2.4%
92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 160 $12.77 $12.59 $26,200 1.4%
92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $8.40 $9.25 $19,240 5.1%
92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 420 $11.10 $11.23 $23,350 3.1%
92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 140 $7.39 $7.39 $15,370 2.5%
92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 150 $9.09 $9.10 $18,920 1.1%
92708 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators and Tenders, Synthetic or Glass Fibers 90 $14.65 $14.13 $29,400 2.4%
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 750 $6.53 $7.10 $14,770 1.3%
92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 220 $6.41 $8.27 $17,190 3.5%
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 1,020 $6.74 $7.15 $14,870 3.7%
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 270 $6.06 $6.49 $13,500 2.3%
92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 40 $6.39 $6.43 $13,370 4.8%
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $7.63 $7.64 $15,900 4.3%
92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $14.59 $13.86 $28,840 4.4%
92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 300 $13.04 $13.24 $27,530 1.6%
92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 190 $17.13 $15.88 $33,030 3.5%
92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 1,060 $17.95 $17.91 $37,250 1.8%
92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders (*) $10.72 $11.38 $23,670 2.0%
92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $12.20 $11.58 $24,080 1.9%
92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 170 $8.69 $9.24 $19,230 2.8%
92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 220 $10.48 $11.41 $23,730 4.3%
92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 310 $9.67 $10.24 $21,300 1.6%
92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 220 $18.06 $17.62 $36,640 5.9%
92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $16.02 $16.32 $33,950 1.9%
92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 690 $9.42 $10.27 $21,360 2.6%
92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 170 $12.65 $12.52 $26,040 3.5%
92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 1,190 $13.41 $11.80 $24,540 3.8%
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 910 $9.48 $10.84 $22,540 2.9%
92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 640 $14.06 $13.69 $28,480 3.3%
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 2,080 $13.23 $13.37 $27,820 5.4%
 Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 110 $11.99 $12.42 $25,840 3.4%
93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 40 $9.46 $10.25 $21,310 3.0%
93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 290 $8.97 $9.65 $20,070 1.6%
93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 80 $10.93 $11.07 $23,020 1.4%
93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 300 $8.44 $9.09 $18,910 1.6%
93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 50 $8.21 $9.24 $19,220 1.7%
93914 Welders and Cutters 2,750 $11.78 $13.20 $27,450 2.9%
93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 60 $7.31 $8.17 $16,990 2.4%
93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 90 $13.69 $15.42 $32,080 1.7%
93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 80 $6.90 $7.19 $14,950 5.4%
93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 360 $8.30 $8.79 $18,280 2.6%
93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 3,310 $9.22 $9.74 $20,250 1.2%
93999 All Other Hand Workers 1,390 $8.58 $8.49 $17,660 1.8%
 Plant and System Occupations
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 990 $10.60 $11.33 $23,570 2.5%
95005 Gas Plant Operators 360 $19.53 $19.06 $39,650 2.1%
95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 550 $19.24 $19.39 $40,340 2.2%
95017 Gaugers 40 $12.44 $14.25 $29,650 2.3%
95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 260 $21.52 $21.17 $44,020 2.0%
95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power (*) $21.31 $21.01 $43,710 2.6%
95032 Stationary Engineers 170 $18.05 $18.50 $38,480 1.9%
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 1,180 $16.13 $16.49 $34,290 2.4%
 Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 10,490 $10.92 $11.75 $24,440 1.5%
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 7,090 $8.30 $9.78 $20,350 1.7%
97108 Bus Drivers 510 $7.96 $8.71 $18,120 3.7%
97111 Bus Drivers, School 4,950 $7.84 $7.93 $16,480 1.1%
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 320 $5.90 $6.52 $13,570 5.3%
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 2,490 $7.17 $8.88 $18,480 3.8%
97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 570 $6.17 $7.19 $14,960 3.1%
97302 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 290 $18.24 $20.01 $41,620 7.2%
97305 Locomotive Engineers (*) $12.28 $12.21 $25,400 2.9%
97311 Locomotive Firers (*) $16.48 $15.64 $32,530 4.2%
97317 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators (*) $16.02 $14.70 $30,570 9.1%
97399 All Other Rail Vehicle Operators and Controllers 60 $18.38 $18.15 $37,760 2.4%
97502 Captains, Water Vessel 140 $24.56 $27.76 $57,750 12.6%
97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 120 $15.41 $14.89 $30,980 8.2%
97508 Pilots, Ship 80 $22.90 $23.06 $47,960 2.8%
97514 Able Seamen 80 $14.83 $14.51 $30,180 2.0%
97521 Ship Engineers 90 $17.26 $17.95 $37,340 4.7%
97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 140 * * $42,340 3.7%
97802 Bridge, Lock, and Lighthouse Tenders 90 $17.17 $16.92 $35,200 1.9%
97805 Service Station Attendants 1,020 $6.01 $6.27 $13,050 2.8%
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 120 $5.79 $5.94 $12,350 2.7%
97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 670 $9.48 $10.43 $21,700 1.5%
97905 Tank Car and Truck Loaders 40 $18.17 $18.06 $37,570 2.3%
97908 Oil Pumpers, Except Wellhead 130 $10.86 $11.83 $24,600 3.2%
97911 Wellhead Pumpers 360 $10.66 $10.75 $22,360 2.5%
97921 Gas Compressor Operators 120 $20.48 $19.93 $41,450 2.6%
97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 1,100 $13.58 $14.20 $29,540 3.5%
97926 Dragline Operators (*) $18.67 $18.02 $37,480 5.0%
97932 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 120 $17.71 $16.83 $35,000 2.6%
97935 Shuttle Car Operators 550 $17.54 $17.17 $35,720 1.4%
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 1,490 $14.31 $14.34 $29,820 2.0%
97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 180 $13.00 $12.82 $26,660 5.1%
97944 Crane and Tower Operators 580 $15.02 $14.97 $31,140 2.2%
97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,620 $10.41 $11.47 $23,850 2.2%
97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 450 $16.50 $15.05 $31,290 2.6%
97953 Pump Operators 120 $11.25 $11.82 $24,580 3.7%
97956 Operating Engineers 610 $18.99 $19.11 $39,740 2.9%
97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,400 $11.54 $12.77 $26,560 6.0%
97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 460 $16.91 $17.04 $35,440 3.6%
 Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 1,460 $8.25 $9.85 $20,480 2.9%
98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 340 $8.47 $10.08 $20,960 4.3%
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 2,250 $7.83 $8.53 $17,750 2.8%
98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 140 $10.43 $11.00 $22,880 4.2%
98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 50 $8.68 $8.93 $18,580 6.0%
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 440 $8.56 $11.96 $24,870 12.4%
98316 Helpers, Roofers 190 $7.34 $7.47 $15,540 2.4%
98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,030 $11.51 $12.94 $26,920 7.5%
98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers (*) $14.39 $13.87 $28,840 4.1%
98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,400 $7.27 $8.10 $16,840 2.0%
98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,220 $7.65 $7.66 $15,920 2.2%
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,030 $6.82 $8.23 $17,120 2.2%
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 3,080 $6.26 $7.20 $14,970 1.8%
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 1,100 $6.28 $7.17 $14,920 2.0%
98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 13,130 $7.88 $9.03 $18,780 1.8%

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

# = Median hourly wage is over $60.01 per hour.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001