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Occupational Employment Statistics
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OES OES Program Links

1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Occupational divisions:

Click on the OES Code to view that occupation's definition

Managerial and Administrative Occupations
 
  Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations    top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
13002 Financial Managers 674,040 $26.48 $28.56 $59,400 0.4 %
13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 228,250 $23.56 $25.10 $52,220 0.3 %
13008 Purchasing Managers 164,830 $20.11 $22.39 $46,560 0.3 %
13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 477,540 $27.55 $28.85 $60,020 0.3 %
13014 Administrative Services Managers 357,720 $21.33 $23.70 $49,290 0.4 %
13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 345,790 $36.21 $34.54 $71,840 0.3 %
 
  Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 27,230 $21.51 $22.28 $46,350 0.2 %
15005 Education Administrators 369,100 $29.04 $27.78 $57,770 0.4 %
15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 213,040 $23.49 $25.17 $52,340 0.4 %
15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 147,340 $14.36 $17.29 $35,960 1.1 %
15014 Industrial Production Managers 210,730 $27.08 $27.79 $57,800 0.3 %
15017 Construction Managers 238,780 $22.89 $24.96 $51,920 0.7 %
15021 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Well Drilling Managers 8,770 $30.50 $30.30 $63,020 1.5 %
15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 195,580 $25.39 $26.11 $54,310 0.5 %
15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 355,880 $12.84 $14.12 $29,370 0.6 %
15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 2,510 $12.19 $14.49 $30,140 3.7 %
15032 Lawn Service Managers 17,770 $12.22 $13.56 $28,210 1.3 %
 
  Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 78,140 $9.20 $15.55 $32,340 1.5 %
19005 General Managers and Top Executives 3,261,680 $26.87 $30.08 $62,570 0.2 %
19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 946,190 $23.66 $25.54 $53,130 0.3 %
 
 
Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
 
 Management Support Occupations    top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
21102 Insurance Underwriters 90,750 $18.61 $20.42 $42,480 0.8 %
21105 Credit Analysts 41,230 $17.11 $19.19 $39,920 1.2 %
21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 235,360 $16.99 $20.05 $41,700 0.7 %
21111 Tax Preparers 55,400 $13.44 $15.56 $32,360 2.0 %
21114 Accountants and Auditors 878,920 $18.20 $20.13 $41,880 0.4 %
21117 Budget Analysts 59,600 $21.61 $22.94 $47,710 0.4 %
21199 All Other Financial Specialists 264,640 $18.98 $21.87 $45,490 1.0 %
21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 100,460 $15.17 $17.31 $36,010 0.6 %
21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 24,160 $15.42 $17.55 $36,490 1.4 %
21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 215,600 $18.29 $19.87 $41,320 0.5 %
21502 Claims Takers, Unemployment Benefits 10,500 $14.96 $15.57 $32,390 0.4 %
21505 Special Agents, Insurance 26,220 $17.69 $21.43 $44,570 2.8 %
21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 68,350 $14.33 $17.63 $36,670 2.1 %
21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 371,900 $18.13 $19.47 $40,510 0.4 %
21902 Cost Estimators 150,600 $19.52 $21.11 $43,910 0.4 %
21905 Management Analysts 146,830 $23.78 $25.95 $53,970 0.9 %
21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 64,340 $18.05 $18.69 $38,870 0.6 %
21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 173,680 $17.70 $19.18 $39,890 0.4 %
21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 58,320 $19.01 $19.92 $41,440 0.7 %
21917 Assessors 22,020 $14.34 $15.43 $32,100 1.0 %
21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 47,940 $19.28 $20.79 $43,240 0.8 %
21999 All Other Management Support Workers 792,150 $17.82 $19.80 $41,180 0.5 %
 
  Engineers and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
22102 Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 54,670 $32.19 $30.26 $62,950 1.5 %
22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 15,850 $27.87 $27.40 $57,000 0.9 %
22108 Mining Engineers, Including Mine Safety 3,240 $26.97 $26.43 $54,970 1.0 %
22111 Petroleum Engineers 10,230 $35.70 $33.70 $70,090 1.1 %
22114 Chemical Engineers 41,420 $31.13 $29.44 $61,240 0.6 %
22117 Nuclear Engineers 10,260 $34.28 $32.70 $68,020 2.9 %
22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 171,580 $25.70 $26.28 $54,660 0.4 %
22123 Agricultural Engineers 3,190 $25.25 $25.82 $53,710 1.6 %
22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 328,410 $29.93 $28.69 $59,670 0.5 %
22127 Computer Engineers 300,830 $29.77 $28.77 $59,850 0.6 %
22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 113,480 $25.30 $26.18 $54,450 0.5 %
22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 21,940 $24.52 $25.56 $53,170 0.8 %
22135 Mechanical Engineers 216,100 $25.62 $26.23 $54,550 0.4 %
22138 Marine Engineers 3,890 $23.10 $25.40 $52,830 2.7 %
22199 All Other Engineers 420,620 $29.66 $28.44 $59,160 0.6 %
22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 72,480 $22.94 $24.85 $51,680 1.2 %
22305 Marine Architects 1,230 $32.27 $29.89 $62,170 1.9 %
22308 Landscape Architects 14,150 $18.23 $20.37 $42,370 2.2 %
22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 38,850 $18.10 $19.77 $41,120 1.1 %
22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 72,480 $16.55 $17.34 $36,060 0.6 %
22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 299,020 $17.30 $18.32 $38,110 0.6 %
22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 31,260 $18.42 $19.84 $41,270 0.7 %
22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 87,450 $18.83 $19.84 $41,280 0.7 %
22514 Drafters 263,770 $15.47 $16.60 $34,540 0.5 %
22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 5,270 $22.12 $22.76 $47,340 1.2 %
22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 59,550 $12.47 $13.68 $28,450 0.7 %
22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 253,980 $17.99 $19.15 $39,840 0.5 %
 
  Natural Scientists and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
24102 Physicists and Astronomers 8,380 $35.21 $33.23 $69,120 1.3 %
24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 80,420 $22.22 $23.80 $49,510 0.6 %
24108 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 6,460 $26.17 $25.71 $53,480 1.7 %
24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 32,890 $25.91 $27.50 $57,210 1.0 %
24199 All Other Physical Scientists 68,060 $23.55 $25.23 $52,480 1.2 %
24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 24,780 $20.56 $21.21 $44,110 0.4 %
24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 9,410 $20.36 $21.53 $44,790 0.9 %
24308 Biological Scientists 72,960 $22.18 $24.04 $49,990 0.7 %
24311 Medical Scientists 16,760 $24.23 $27.44 $57,060 2.4 %
24399 All Other Life Scientists 43,100 $19.87 $22.33 $46,440 1.2 %
24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 40,480 $13.19 $14.51 $30,190 0.8 %
24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 76,210 $15.12 $15.85 $32,980 0.6 %
24508 Nuclear Technicians and Technologists 3,550 $22.10 $23.21 $48,280 2.9 %
24511 Petroleum Technicians and Technologists 8,020 $19.29 $20.13 $41,860 1.8 %
24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 99,710 $15.02 $16.31 $33,930 0.8 %
 
  Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 552,530 $25.09 $26.02 $54,110 0.6 %
25103 Data Base Administrators 89,680 $23.07 $24.28 $50,490 0.4 %
25104 Computer Support Specialists 455,950 $17.85 $19.52 $40,590 0.5 %
25105 Computer Programmers 573,850 $23.83 $25.67 $53,400 0.5 %
25108 Computer Programmer Aides 65,620 $14.20 $15.35 $31,930 0.8 %
25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 8,980 $19.47 $20.66 $42,970 1.0 %
25199 All Other Computer Scientists 98,870 $22.44 $24.18 $50,300 1.0 %
25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 76,820 $23.59 $24.93 $51,860 1.4 %
25310 Mathematical Scientists 7,270 $17.58 $20.12 $41,840 3.6 %
25312 Statisticians 15,750 $23.34 $24.62 $51,210 1.2 %
25313 Actuaries 12,470 $31.52 $31.86 $66,270 1.3 %
25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 44,720 $22.45 $26.07 $54,230 1.7 %
25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists 7,510 $32.02 $31.57 $65,660 4.6 %
25323 Mathematical Technicians 2,530 $14.64 $17.12 $35,620 3.5 %
 
  Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 54,590 $23.24 $25.58 $53,200 1.6 %
27105 Urban and Regional Planners 32,730 $20.61 $21.68 $45,100 1.1 %
27108 Psychologists 84,380 $23.10 $24.82 $51,620 1.1 %
27199 All Other Social Scientists 47,370 $18.75 $20.82 $43,290 1.5 %
27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 218,170 $15.20 $16.39 $34,100 0.4 %
27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 365,600 $14.41 $15.52 $32,280 0.4 %
27307 Residential Counselors 175,310 $9.06 $9.86 $20,510 0.5 %
27308 Human Services Workers 270,380 $10.27 $10.93 $22,740 0.4 %
27311 Recreation Workers 235,170 $7.93 $9.16 $19,060 0.6 %
27502 Clergy 29,250 $13.87 $15.02 $31,240 1.3 %
27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 10,850 $12.00 $12.97 $26,970 1.9 %
27599 All Other Religious Workers 4,890 $8.86 $11.56 $24,050 14.8 %
 
  Law and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
28102 Judges and Magistrates 24,850 $32.16 $29.85 $62,080 1.1 %
28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 57,990 $16.29 $17.43 $36,260 0.4 %
28108 Lawyers 428,340 $37.58 $36.49 $75,890 1.3 %
28302 Law Clerks 43,770 $13.19 $13.88 $28,880 1.3 %
28305 Paralegal Personnel 128,810 $15.75 $16.79 $34,920 1.2 %
28308 Title Searchers 11,000 $11.51 $12.49 $25,980 1.3 %
28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 16,820 $13.99 $15.31 $31,850 1.0 %
28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 40,640 $15.51 $16.81 $34,960 0.9 %
 
    Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
31111 Lecturers 14,340 $11.46 $14.31 $29,760 3.7 %
31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 38,660 *    *    $46,800 0.9 %
31117 Graduate Assistants, Teaching 106,410 *    *    $21,150 2.5 %
31201 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 10,900 *    *    $58,430 1.8 %
31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 36,580 *    *    $53,540 3.0 %
31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 14,890 *    *    $50,290 0.8 %
31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 9,580 *    *    $54,960 1.0 %
31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 14,250 *    *    $52,490 1.6 %
31211 Health Diagnostics Teachers, Postsecondary 36,990 *    *    $72,320 2.6 %
31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 21,460 *    *    $52,980 3.2 %
31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 14,470 *    *    $43,610 0.8 %
31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 52,440 *    *    $44,990 0.9 %
31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 19,360 *    *    $44,780 1.0 %
31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 48,430 *    *    $45,000 1.2 %
31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 25,230 *    *    $61,560 1.3 %
31223 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary 5,060 *    *    $52,980 1.9 %
31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 39,820 *    *    $46,750 0.9 %
31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 24,470 *    *    $46,890 1.1 %
31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 13,350 *    *    $49,300 0.7 %
31232 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 3,830 *    *    $49,990 1.5 %
31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 10,310 *    *    $55,750 1.1 %
31234 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary 3,460 *    *    $51,860 1.3 %
31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 16,070 *    *    $48,660 0.8 %
31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 10,270 *    *    $51,020 1.1 %
31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 22,400 *    *    $49,820 1.3 %
31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 12,270 *    *    $45,920 2.5 %
31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 51,840 *    *    $50,550 2.1 %
31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 8,860 *    *    $66,680 2.7 %
31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 7,660 *    *    $42,860 1.7 %
31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 4,790 *    *    $43,420 1.6 %
31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 34,380 *    *    $43,450 0.8 %
31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 13,720 *    *    $46,060 1.0 %
31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary 2,980 *    *    $46,420 1.1 %
31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 7,900 *    *    $44,030 1.2 %
31262 Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 3,440 *    *    $45,740 2.1 %
31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 197,130 *    *    $49,180 2.0 %
31303 Teachers, Preschool 289,290 $8.32 $9.39 $19,530 0.6 %
31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 156,110 *    *    $35,450 0.8 %
31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,577,030 *    *    $38,600 0.7 %
31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,326,580 *    *    $40,350 0.6 %
31311 Teachers, Special Education 390,250 *    *    $40,580 1.3 %
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 312,520 $16.55 $17.62 $36,660 0.6 %
31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 123,970 $11.92 $13.60 $28,290 0.9 %
31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 301,710 $10.69 $12.68 $26,380 1.0 %
31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors 11,100 $17.88 $19.01 $39,540 3.2 %
31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 334,950 *    *    $31,340 1.5 %
31502 Librarians, Professional 143,270 $18.49 $19.24 $40,020 0.4 %
31505 Technical Assistants, Library 70,030 $10.45 $10.91 $22,680 0.6 %
31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 14,010 $15.85 $16.81 $34,970 2.6 %
31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 12,150 $15.26 $16.80 $34,950 1.1 %
31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 171,780 $18.58 $19.51 $40,590 0.8 %
31517 Instructional Coordinators 87,730 $18.69 $19.86 $41,300 0.5 %
31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 655,030 $7.83 $8.22 $17,090 0.7 %
 
  Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
32102 Physicians and Surgeons 497,470 #    $49.05 $102,020 1.0 %
32105 Dentists 81,510 $52.96 $44.40 $92,350 1.5 %
32108 Optometrists 23,500 $32.92 $31.47 $65,470 2.2 %
32111 Podiatrists 7,510 $38.23 $36.16 $75,200 4.1 %
32113 Chiropractors 17,630 $30.74 $32.41 $67,420 4.1 %
32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 37,150 $24.50 $27.47 $57,130 0.8 %
32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 10,390 $22.46 $24.37 $50,680 2.5 %
32302 Respiratory Therapists 84,730 $16.75 $17.14 $35,660 0.4 %
32305 Occupational Therapists 64,730 $23.19 $24.65 $51,260 0.6 %
32308 Physical Therapists 111,480 $27.21 $27.49 $57,190 0.4 %
32311 Corrective and Manual Arts Therapists 2,240 $16.63 $16.67 $34,660 1.4 %
32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 88,390 $20.71 $22.12 $46,010 0.5 %
32317 Recreational Therapists 23,300 $13.35 $13.98 $29,080 0.6 %
32399 All Other Therapists 36,880 $14.44 $15.81 $32,880 0.9 %
32502 Registered Nurses 2,027,830 $19.56 $20.71 $43,070 0.2 %
32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 673,790 $12.95 $13.48 $28,040 0.2 %
32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 145,520 $9.75 $10.75 $22,360 0.8 %
32511 Physician Assistants 62,000 $22.64 $22.48 $46,760 1.1 %
32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 63,720 $10.79 $11.78 $24,510 1.3 %
32517 Pharmacists 178,110 $31.84 $28.89 $60,090 0.3 %
32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 174,970 $8.65 $9.12 $18,980 0.3 %
32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 44,840 $16.85 $17.36 $36,100 0.5 %
32523 Dietetic Technicians 23,950 $9.38 $10.18 $21,180 0.9 %
32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 151,100 $17.92 $18.36 $38,190 0.4 %
32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 133,810 $12.64 $13.38 $27,840 0.5 %
32908 Dental Hygienists 140,750 $22.06 $22.39 $46,570 0.8 %
32911 Medical Records Technicians 89,570 $9.90 $10.57 $21,990 0.4 %
32913 Radiation Therapists 12,610 $19.06 $19.88 $41,360 0.9 %
32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 13,360 $19.05 $19.81 $41,210 0.5 %
32919 Radiologic Technologists 157,480 $15.81 $16.51 $34,340 0.5 %
32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists 6,390 $15.42 $16.02 $33,310 1.1 %
32925 Cardiology Technologists 19,630 $17.20 $17.44 $36,270 0.5 %
32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 13,480 $11.71 $12.67 $26,350 1.3 %
32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 53,230 $12.39 $12.76 $26,540 0.3 %
32931 Psychiatric Technicians 65,120 $10.04 $10.82 $22,500 0.9 %
32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 33,600 $9.56 $9.87 $20,520 0.6 %
32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 459,490 $13.10 $15.40 $32,040 0.6 %
 
  Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
34002 Writers and Editors 133,260 $16.62 $18.91 $39,330 0.8 %
34005 Technical Writers and Editors 49,180 $19.75 $21.25 $44,190 0.8 %
34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 98,240 $16.61 $18.65 $38,790 1.5 %
34011 Reporters and Correspondents 52,380 $12.52 $15.59 $32,430 1.6 %
34014 Broadcast News Analysts 6,130 $15.18 $21.53 $44,780 5.1 %
34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 49,130 $8.63 $11.77 $24,480 1.3 %
34021 Announcers, Except Radio and Television 1,410 $8.22 $10.57 $21,990 5.3 %
34023 Photographers 62,990 $10.07 $12.25 $25,480 1.9 %
34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 11,650 $10.35 $13.36 $27,780 2.2 %
34028 Broadcast Technicians 37,240 $12.14 $15.29 $31,800 1.9 %
34032 Film Editors 10,240 $18.64 $21.26 $44,220 3.6 %
34035 Artists and Related Workers 136,620 $15.24 $17.21 $35,790 1.2 %
34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 196,400 $14.04 $16.24 $33,780 0.8 %
34041 Interior Designers 34,050 $15.27 $17.34 $36,070 2.2 %
34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 35,310 $8.74 $9.62 $20,000 0.8 %
34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 13,530 *    *    $30,530 4.0 %
34051 Musicians, Instrumental 43,980 *    *    $41,800 4.0 %
34053 Dancers and Choreographers 18,630 $10.30 $12.18 $25,330 2.5 %
34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 108,800 *    *    $36,710 4.2 %
34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 28,100 *    *    $35,710 4.0 %
 
  Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
39002 Airplane Dispatchers and Air Traffic Controllers 28,600 $31.19 $28.51 $59,290 0.9 %
39005 Traffic Technicians 6,790 $16.48 $17.54 $36,480 0.7 %
39008 Radio Operators 6,260 $10.26 $11.05 $22,990 1.4 %
39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 26,780 $16.85 $19.26 $40,070 1.7 %
39014 Embalmers 5,840 $13.55 $14.76 $30,700 1.6 %
39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 818,200 $17.69 $19.62 $40,810 0.5 %
 
Sales and Related Occupations
 
  First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,708,700 $14.22 $17.30 $35,990 0.2 %
 
  Sales Occupations, Services   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 254,870 $16.53 $20.61 $42,880 1.1 %
43005 Brokers, Real Estate 27,900 $21.94 $26.07 $54,220 4.0 %
43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 79,970 $13.47 $17.92 $37,260 1.7 %
43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 32,440 $19.37 $21.32 $44,340 1.9 %
43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 237,430 $23.12 $29.70 $61,780 1.4 %
43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 285,510 $16.78 $19.35 $40,260 0.8 %
43021 Travel Agents 120,850 $11.07 $11.54 $23,990 1.0 %
43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 128,360 $15.31 $18.85 $39,210 1.0 %
43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 124,200 $13.74 $16.38 $34,070 1.1 %
 
  Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
49002 Sales Engineers 80,530 $26.25 $27.51 $57,210 0.8 %
49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 441,570 $21.49 $24.28 $50,500 0.6 %
49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 1,137,880 $17.57 $20.23 $42,080 0.3 %
49011 Salespersons, Retail 3,923,110 $7.61 $9.13 $18,990 0.2 %
49014 Salespersons, Parts 291,320 $10.93 $12.14 $25,240 0.4 %
49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 458,910 $6.97 $7.77 $16,160 0.4 %
49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,297,270 $7.31 $8.01 $16,650 0.3 %
49023 Cashiers 3,156,260 $6.58 $7.32 $15,230 0.3 %
49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 450,430 $8.21 $9.40 $19,540 0.7 %
49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 80,430 $8.14 $9.34 $19,420 1.1 %
49036 Models 1,290 $8.32 $11.01 $22,900 5.4 %
49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 495,150 $10.85 $13.10 $27,260 0.5 %
 
Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
 
 
  First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,514,200 $14.95 $16.34 $33,990 0.2 %
 
  Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
53102 Tellers 565,440 $8.27 $8.49 $17,650 0.4 %
53105 New Accounts Clerks 108,520 $10.26 $10.46 $21,750 0.7 %
53108 Transit Clerks 12,640 $8.48 $9.04 $18,790 1.7 %
53111 Loan Interviewers 16,380 $11.15 $11.98 $24,920 0.8 %
53114 Credit Authorizers 14,730 $11.05 $12.23 $25,430 1.2 %
53117 Credit Checkers 38,460 $10.36 $11.29 $23,480 0.9 %
53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 189,300 $10.86 $11.45 $23,810 0.6 %
53123 Adjustment Clerks 536,610 $10.59 $11.18 $23,240 0.3 %
53126 Statement Clerks 16,180 $8.96 $9.37 $19,490 1.1 %
53128 Brokerage Clerks 76,900 $13.42 $14.45 $30,050 1.1 %
53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 156,950 $18.41 $19.54 $40,640 0.6 %
53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 10,570 $19.23 $19.85 $41,280 1.2 %
53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 11,440 $11.42 $12.08 $25,130 1.2 %
53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 155,510 $11.54 $11.95 $24,860 0.4 %
53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 156,580 $11.52 $12.02 $25,010 0.5 %
53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 82,270 $15.91 $16.83 $35,010 0.5 %
53505 Investigators, Clerical 14,100 $11.17 $12.23 $25,440 2.5 %
53508 Bill and Account Collectors 288,190 $10.84 $11.32 $23,550 0.4 %
53702 Court Clerks 45,130 $11.04 $11.67 $24,280 0.6 %
53705 Municipal Clerks 24,810 $10.97 $12.15 $25,270 1.8 %
53708 License Clerks 23,020 $11.01 $11.39 $23,690 0.8 %
53802 Travel Clerks 18,360 $8.70 $9.51 $19,780 1.4 %
53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 202,930 $10.95 $12.26 $25,500 1.2 %
53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 163,590 $7.29 $7.53 $15,670 0.4 %
53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 126,730 $8.16 $8.81 $18,320 0.6 %
53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 471,340 $7.36 $7.80 $16,230 0.7 %
53908 Advertising Clerks 14,700 $9.88 $10.36 $21,550 0.8 %
53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 33,830 $8.95 $10.12 $21,060 0.8 %
53914 Real Estate Clerks 28,290 $9.07 $9.57 $19,910 1.2 %
 
  Secretarial and General Office Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
55102 Legal Secretaries 298,930 $14.45 $14.90 $30,990 0.7 %
55105 Medical Secretaries 224,240 $10.77 $11.26 $23,430 1.0 %
55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 2,440,280 $11.32 $11.86 $24,670 0.2 %
55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 79,450 $12.22 $13.10 $27,240 0.6 %
55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,251,450 $8.95 $9.26 $19,270 0.2 %
55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 381,040 $10.86 $11.23 $23,350 0.4 %
55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 141,180 $11.71 $12.25 $25,480 1.2 %
55317 Correspondence Clerks 24,590 $10.71 $11.16 $23,210 0.8 %
55321 File Clerks 259,300 $8.09 $8.64 $17,970 0.6 %
55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 365,990 $10.36 $10.99 $22,850 0.3 %
55326 Procurement Clerks 59,880 $10.88 $11.52 $23,970 0.6 %
55328 Statistical Clerks 55,040 $11.24 $12.02 $24,990 0.5 %
55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 137,610 $8.91 $9.37 $19,490 0.5 %
55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 201,350 $13.48 $14.16 $29,450 0.6 %
55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,740,470 $11.15 $11.71 $24,350 0.2 %
55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 165,650 $11.81 $12.31 $25,610 0.2 %
55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 333,970 $10.90 $11.36 $23,630 0.3 %
55347 General Office Clerks 2,956,920 $9.41 $10.06 $20,920 0.2 %
 
  Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 88,600 $9.88 $10.22 $21,260 0.4 %
56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 53,510 $9.39 $9.77 $20,330 0.9 %
56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 57,450 $8.30 $9.11 $18,950 0.8 %
56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 198,920 $12.03 $12.92 $26,860 0.4 %
56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 25,130 $10.99 $11.89 $24,730 1.0 %
56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 399,000 $9.22 $9.64 $20,040 0.3 %
56021 Data Keyers, Composing 17,520 $9.39 $10.22 $21,250 1.2 %
56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 78,160 $10.60 $10.94 $22,750 0.5 %
 
  Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
57102 Switchboard Operators 203,110 $8.76 $9.19 $19,110 0.5 %
57105 Directory Assistance Operators 26,170 $14.68 $13.63 $28,350 1.6 %
57108 Central Office Operators 19,960 $12.61 $12.60 $26,210 2.1 %
57111 Telegraph and Teletype Operators 5,270 $12.62 $12.16 $25,300 0.7 %
57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 26,270 $12.80 $12.73 $26,480 2.2 %
57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 117,210 $8.49 $9.02 $18,760 0.4 %
57305 Postal Mail Carriers 351,760 $16.75 $16.39 $34,090 0.2 %
57308 Postal Service Clerks 78,350 $16.88 $16.22 $33,740 0.4 %
57311 Messengers 95,000 $8.02 $8.59 $17,870 0.9 %
 
  Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 81,940 $11.38 $11.97 $24,900 0.6 %
58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 166,220 $12.68 $13.80 $28,690 0.9 %
58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 257,640 $14.07 $14.78 $30,740 0.4 %
58011 Transportation Agents 26,980 $11.08 $12.39 $25,770 1.6 %
58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 51,260 $12.20 $12.96 $26,950 0.7 %
58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 44,820 $10.72 $12.03 $25,020 1.1 %
58021 Marking Clerks 24,530 $7.90 $8.23 $17,120 0.5 %
58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 812,730 $9.19 $10.03 $20,870 0.3 %
58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 239,700 $9.15 $9.73 $20,240 0.4 %
58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 994,290 $10.82 $11.65 $24,240 0.2 %
58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 146,810 $10.51 $11.67 $24,270 0.7 %
 
  Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 742,000 $11.02 $11.65 $24,220 0.4 %
 
 
Service Occupations
 
  First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 54,590 $21.55 $21.94 $45,630 1.1 %
61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 109,330 $23.41 $24.08 $50,080 0.9 %
61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 87,440 $9.42 $10.20 $21,220 0.5 %
61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 732,280 $11.21 $12.71 $26,440 0.5 %
 
  Protective Service Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
63002 Fire Inspectors 8,980 $19.76 $20.56 $42,770 1.8 %
63005 Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists 3,190 $17.99 $17.86 $37,140 6.3 %
63008 Fire Fighters 226,290 $14.98 $15.62 $32,480 1.2 %
63011 Police Detectives 53,360 $20.82 $21.20 $44,100 1.9 %
63014 Police Patrol Officers 425,870 $18.13 $18.78 $39,060 1.4 %
63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 387,930 $13.72 $14.69 $30,550 1.2 %
63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 10,100 $11.95 $12.19 $25,350 1.9 %
63023 Bailiffs 8,870 $11.17 $12.38 $25,760 1.3 %
63028 Criminal Investigators, Public Service 21,330 $28.78 $26.48 $55,080 1.3 %
63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 87,170 $13.59 $14.64 $30,460 0.9 %
63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 45,450 $10.11 $12.17 $25,300 1.9 %
63038 Railroad and Transit Police and Special Agents 5,140 $19.40 $19.49 $40,540 2.1 %
63041 Fish and Game Wardens 7,080 $16.85 $17.28 $35,940 0.7 %
63044 Crossing Guards 55,070 $7.18 $8.21 $17,080 1.3 %
63047 Guards and Watch Guards 942,140 $7.81 $8.61 $17,900 0.4 %
63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 171,580 $8.40 $9.83 $20,440 0.8 %
 
  Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 256,650 $6.44 $6.90 $14,350 0.4 %
65005 Bartenders 436,820 $6.25 $6.83 $14,210 0.5 %
65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,992,130 $5.87 $6.13 $12,750 0.5 %
65011 Food Servers, Outside 63,170 $6.88 $7.51 $15,620 0.7 %
65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 387,970 $6.05 $6.47 $13,450 0.4 %
65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 346,040 $6.15 $6.59 $13,700 0.5 %
65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 161,840 $8.17 $8.84 $18,400 0.4 %
65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 142,730 $10.95 $11.48 $23,880 0.6 %
65026 Cooks, Restaurant 749,380 $7.81 $8.31 $17,280 0.3 %
65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 375,370 $7.73 $8.22 $17,100 0.3 %
65032 Cooks, Fast Food 491,660 $6.00 $6.31 $13,130 0.5 %
65035 Cooks, Short Order 163,580 $6.92 $7.29 $15,160 0.5 %
65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,238,830 $6.59 $7.10 $14,760 0.3 %
65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,620,430 $6.04 $6.41 $13,340 0.4 %
65099 All Other Food Service Workers 317,590 $7.00 $7.68 $15,980 0.5 %
 
  Health Service and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
66002 Dental Assistants 231,380 $10.88 $11.22 $23,330 0.7 %
66005 Medical Assistants 271,540 $9.94 $10.18 $21,170 0.7 %
66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,258,130 $7.99 $8.32 $17,300 0.3 %
66011 Home Health Aides 430,440 $7.81 $8.17 $17,000 0.4 %
66014 Psychiatric Aides 78,450 $10.66 $10.94 $22,760 0.7 %
66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 76,590 $10.51 $12.02 $25,000 0.5 %
66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 20,350 $13.80 $14.28 $29,710 0.9 %
66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 17,030 $8.15 $9.00 $18,720 1.2 %
66099 All Other Health Service Workers 178,370 $9.21 $9.73 $20,230 0.5 %
 
  Cleaning and Building Service Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 889,700 $6.84 $7.29 $15,160 0.3 %
67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,966,150 $7.65 $8.45 $17,580 0.4 %
67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 48,750 $10.81 $11.11 $23,100 1.1 %
67011 Elevator Operators 2,740 $15.52 $14.77 $30,730 2.7 %
67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 240,300 $8.58 $9.53 $19,820 1.6 %
 
  Personal Service Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
68002 Barbers 12,450 $8.88 $10.05 $20,910 2.2 %
68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 329,640 $7.28 $8.56 $17,800 0.7 %
68008 Manicurists 32,080 $6.48 $7.60 $15,810 1.6 %
68011 Shampooers 14,250 $6.05 $6.47 $13,470 0.9 %
68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 317,880 $6.18 $6.86 $14,260 0.5 %
68017 Guides 26,270 $7.45 $8.26 $17,180 1.1 %
68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 72,780 $6.02 $6.47 $13,450 0.8 %
68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 37,630 $6.41 $7.14 $14,850 0.7 %
68026 Flight Attendants 111,170 *    *    $42,710 4.3 %
68028 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters 21,110 $8.47 $10.67 $22,200 6.6 %
68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 7,600 $7.37 $8.37 $17,410 1.3 %
68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 255,960 $7.17 $7.51 $15,630 0.6 %
68038 Child Care Workers 379,920 $6.61 $7.13 $14,830 0.4 %
68041 Funeral Attendants 22,520 $7.34 $7.98 $16,600 0.8 %
 
  Other Service Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
69999 All Other Service Workers 346,480 $7.67 $8.95 $18,620 0.8 %
 
 
Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
 
  First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 51,350 $13.18 $14.50 $30,150 0.6 %
 
  Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
73002 Fallers and Buckers 11,040 $11.30 $13.85 $28,810 3.0 %
73005 Choke Setters 2,600 $13.01 $13.10 $27,260 1.8 %
73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 19,770 $11.38 $12.07 $25,100 2.3 %
73011 Logging Tractor Operators 17,350 $10.94 $11.46 $23,830 1.3 %
73099 All Other Timber Cutting and Related Logging Workers 4,360 $11.41 $12.49 $25,980 1.6 %
 
  Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 21,650 $11.13 $11.98 $24,920 0.7 %
79008 Log Graders and Scalers 4,270 $11.04 $11.65 $24,240 1.2 %
79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 70,300 $6.44 $7.10 $14,760 0.6 %
79015 Animal Breeders 1,450 $10.79 $12.23 $25,450 3.5 %
79016 Animal Trainers 4,120 $10.17 $11.25 $23,410 2.2 %
79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 91,580 $7.12 $7.83 $16,280 0.5 %
79021 Farm Equipment Operators 20,310 $7.57 $8.23 $17,120 1.3 %
79033 Pruners 29,670 $10.61 $11.01 $22,890 1.3 %
79036 Sprayers/Applicators 18,180 $10.41 $10.65 $22,160 0.8 %
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 872,860 $8.24 $9.22 $19,180 0.3 %
79806 Veterinary Assistants 46,260 $7.79 $8.11 $16,860 0.7 %
79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 178,710 $6.05 $6.41 $13,330 0.6 %
79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 11,060 $7.39 $7.90 $16,440 1.2 %
79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 89,750 $8.73 $10.09 $20,980 0.7 %
 
 
Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
 
  First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 431,090 $19.04 $20.28 $42,190 0.3 %
81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 355,180 $18.98 $20.34 $42,310 0.3 %
81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 615,170 $17.46 $18.71 $38,910 0.2 %
81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 147,510 $17.66 $18.49 $38,460 0.5 %
81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 148,990 $14.58 $15.52 $32,280 0.4 %
81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 257,650 $17.34 $18.75 $39,010 0.4 %
 
  Inspectors and Related Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 153,900 $13.30 $14.44 $30,040 0.7 %
83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 453,750 $10.62 $11.72 $24,370 0.4 %
83008 Transportation Inspectors 19,930 $19.02 $18.74 $38,980 2.0 %
83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 77,660 $10.91 $12.52 $26,040 1.0 %
 
  Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 277,910 $15.21 $15.69 $32,630 0.3 %
85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 28,540 $11.97 $12.13 $25,240 0.4 %
85113 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Sewing Machines 8,860 $11.13 $11.47 $23,850 1.5 %
85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 12,110 $14.19 $15.05 $31,310 1.5 %
85117 Underground Mine Machinery Mechanics 5,800 $18.00 $18.44 $38,340 1.0 %
85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 58,920 $18.57 $18.76 $39,020 1.2 %
85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 59,070 $17.86 $18.11 $37,680 1.1 %
85123 Millwrights 79,930 $17.76 $17.97 $37,390 0.6 %
85126 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 2,040 $14.23 $14.63 $30,430 1.6 %
85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 86,590 $14.54 $14.93 $31,060 0.5 %
85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 1,116,920 $11.20 $12.11 $25,200 0.3 %
85302 Automotive Mechanics 631,280 $13.16 $13.97 $29,060 0.4 %
85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 184,260 $13.17 $14.34 $29,820 0.7 %
85308 Motorcycle Repairers 10,460 $11.27 $11.90 $24,760 1.0 %
85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 237,140 $14.11 $14.66 $30,490 0.4 %
85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 100,190 $15.16 $15.71 $32,670 0.5 %
85317 Rail Car Repairers 13,270 $17.47 $17.47 $36,330 1.2 %
85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 34,140 $10.94 $11.31 $23,530 0.7 %
85323 Aircraft Mechanics 112,100 $18.09 $18.34 $38,150 1.0 %
85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists 15,660 $20.03 $19.22 $39,980 2.1 %
85328 Small Engine Specialists 28,430 $10.38 $10.82 $22,500 0.8 %
85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 41,950 $21.00 $20.63 $42,910 1.1 %
85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 14,500 $22.17 $22.21 $46,200 1.6 %
85508 Telegraph and Teletype Installers and Maintainers 1,030 $21.43 $19.31 $40,170 3.6 %
85511 Signal or Track Switch Maintainers 4,810 $18.48 $19.50 $40,550 1.3 %
85514 Radio Mechanics 7,350 $14.71 $15.46 $32,150 1.9 %
85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 41,740 $19.84 $18.37 $38,210 0.8 %
85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 193,850 $15.75 $16.56 $34,450 0.7 %
85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 61,680 $14.11 $15.15 $31,520 1.1 %
85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 27,990 $11.32 $12.18 $25,340 1.0 %
85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 30,220 $11.62 $12.47 $25,940 0.8 %
85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 17,230 $13.33 $13.94 $28,990 1.2 %
85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 66,360 $17.11 $17.21 $35,800 1.0 %
85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 9,040 $22.64 $23.17 $48,200 0.6 %
85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 97,000 $20.48 $20.46 $42,550 0.6 %
85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 23,660 $19.06 $18.44 $38,360 1.2 %
85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 21,310 $16.28 $16.20 $33,690 1.6 %
85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 64,500 $16.35 $16.17 $33,640 1.0 %
85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 246,730 $14.02 $14.88 $30,960 0.4 %
85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 31,050 $19.03 $18.81 $39,120 0.6 %
85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 12,540 $16.44 $16.54 $34,410 1.4 %
85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 12,450 $19.64 $19.22 $39,970 0.9 %
85914 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 3,660 $13.62 $14.92 $31,030 2.4 %
85917 Watchmakers 3,090 $11.82 $13.16 $27,380 2.7 %
85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 4,760 $11.06 $12.00 $24,950 2.2 %
85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 13,650 $11.97 $12.81 $26,640 1.9 %
85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 53,710 $13.38 $14.34 $29,840 0.9 %
85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 20,640 $17.14 $16.92 $35,190 0.9 %
85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 21,360 $23.01 $24.00 $49,910 2.1 %
85935 Riggers 12,850 $15.27 $15.75 $32,750 1.5 %
85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 37,330 $10.30 $10.81 $22,490 0.9 %
85944 Gas Appliance Repairers 11,440 $15.93 $15.93 $33,130 1.0 %
85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 28,600 $11.18 $11.57 $24,070 1.0 %
85951 Bicycle Repairers 8,260 $7.55 $7.92 $16,470 1.5 %
85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 80,700 $8.08 $8.59 $17,860 0.6 %
85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 8,510 $7.69 $7.99 $16,630 1.1 %
85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 299,450 $13.59 $14.55 $30,270 0.7 %
 
  Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
87102 Carpenters 761,920 $13.82 $15.20 $31,610 0.4 %
87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 16,430 $15.27 $16.92 $35,190 2.0 %
87108 Drywall Installers 85,910 $14.02 $15.50 $32,240 1.0 %
87111 Tapers 34,910 $15.41 $16.56 $34,450 1.0 %
87114 Lathers 13,570 $14.41 $16.16 $33,610 3.4 %
87121 Brattice Builders 440 $16.30 $15.90 $33,070 1.4 %
87202 Electricians 601,250 $16.98 $18.05 $37,530 0.5 %
87302 Brickmasons 101,840 $17.10 $17.81 $37,040 1.3 %
87305 Stonemasons 15,630 $15.49 $16.44 $34,190 2.5 %
87308 Hard Tile Setters 17,630 $16.26 $16.93 $35,220 2.0 %
87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 141,480 $12.39 $13.82 $28,740 0.9 %
87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 21,770 $15.79 $17.36 $36,120 2.1 %
87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 36,910 $14.13 $15.34 $31,910 1.2 %
87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 277,240 $12.07 $13.45 $27,990 0.6 %
87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 362,550 $16.67 $18.00 $37,430 0.5 %
87505 Pipelaying Fitters 5,690 $16.49 $16.50 $34,310 2.4 %
87508 Pipelayers 47,650 $11.96 $13.61 $28,310 1.1 %
87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 10,450 $12.22 $13.36 $27,790 2.5 %
87602 Carpet Installers 31,630 $12.73 $14.81 $30,810 2.5 %
87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 13,310 $12.93 $15.04 $31,280 2.5 %
87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators 4,200 $11.23 $12.00 $24,970 2.3 %
87702 Air Hammer Operators 2,260 $13.41 $15.19 $31,600 2.5 %
87705 Pile-Driver Operators 2,280 $20.61 $20.54 $42,720 2.1 %
87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 76,140 $11.78 $13.14 $27,340 0.7 %
87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 160,140 $11.77 $12.40 $25,780 0.7 %
87714 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 15,670 $16.50 $16.82 $34,980 2.8 %
87802 Insulation Workers 58,830 $12.25 $13.82 $28,750 1.4 %
87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 35,340 $13.28 $14.60 $30,370 1.2 %
87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 48,780 $13.48 $15.63 $32,520 1.5 %
87808 Roofers 105,900 $12.18 $13.63 $28,350 0.8 %
87811 Glaziers 39,240 $12.70 $13.95 $29,020 1.3 %
87814 Structural Metal Workers 59,060 $15.81 $17.09 $35,550 1.2 %
87817 Fence Erectors 18,300 $9.53 $10.33 $21,490 1.7 %
87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 89,770 $11.83 $13.52 $28,120 1.3 %
87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 16,510 $13.41 $14.54 $30,240 1.3 %
87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers 4,420 $14.86 $15.40 $32,030 1.7 %
87908 Rock Splitters, Quarry 2,530 $10.59 $10.87 $22,600 1.5 %
87911 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction 9,160 $15.36 $17.58 $36,560 2.2 %
87914 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas Extraction 13,110 $12.53 $13.81 $28,720 2.1 %
87917 Service Unit Operators 13,190 $10.76 $11.94 $24,840 1.3 %
87921 Roustabouts 26,310 $9.51 $10.40 $21,630 1.9 %
87923 Roof Bolters 3,890 $17.51 $17.90 $37,240 1.3 %
87941 Continuous Mining Machine Operators 5,770 $16.70 $17.10 $35,580 1.4 %
87943 Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators 2,680 $15.83 $16.52 $34,360 2.5 %
87949 All Other Mining Machine Operators 8,250 $15.21 $15.59 $32,440 1.8 %
87989 All Other Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 21,230 $14.97 $15.05 $31,310 1.4 %
87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 98,770 $12.62 $13.90 $28,920 1.0 %
 
  Precision Production Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
89102 Tool and Die Makers 136,420 $17.91 $18.16 $37,780 0.5 %
89105 Precision Instrument Makers 4,840 $12.89 $14.79 $30,760 1.7 %
89108 Machinists 410,640 $13.87 $14.36 $29,860 0.3 %
89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 36,820 $12.82 $13.46 $27,990 0.7 %
89114 Pattern and Model Makers, Metal 4,160 $15.19 $16.53 $34,380 2.7 %
89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 13,850 $14.33 $15.40 $32,030 2.0 %
89121 Shipfitters 10,330 $13.87 $13.91 $28,930 0.8 %
89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 24,080 $11.60 $12.91 $26,850 3.4 %
89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products 11,530 $9.16 $10.18 $21,170 1.9 %
89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine 3,290 $10.67 $11.76 $24,460 1.3 %
89132 Sheet Metal Workers 182,770 $13.47 $15.23 $31,670 0.7 %
89135 Boilermakers 14,930 $18.45 $18.82 $39,150 1.3 %
89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 21,530 $13.22 $14.75 $30,680 2.7 %
89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 9,420 $14.66 $16.25 $33,810 2.0 %
89305 Pattern Markers, Wood 1,740 $10.80 $10.77 $22,400 1.3 %
89308 Wood Machinists 41,010 $9.61 $9.99 $20,770 0.6 %
89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 101,390 $10.76 $11.49 $23,910 0.6 %
89314 Furniture Finishers 27,910 $9.56 $10.03 $20,870 0.7 %
89399 All Other Precision Woodworkers 16,050 $9.73 $10.07 $20,950 1.1 %
89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 15,750 $10.38 $13.04 $27,120 2.4 %
89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 32,010 $8.95 $9.76 $20,310 1.2 %
89508 Upholsterers 42,780 $10.60 $11.09 $23,080 0.9 %
89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 17,180 $7.99 $8.42 $17,500 1.1 %
89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 9,150 $8.07 $8.74 $18,180 1.2 %
89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 24,580 $7.43 $7.77 $16,150 1.3 %
89521 Precision Dyers 4,140 $9.43 $10.38 $21,590 1.6 %
89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 14,010 $9.36 $10.36 $21,540 1.3 %
89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 8,570 $10.85 $11.68 $24,290 1.3 %
89705 Job Printers 18,040 $11.58 $12.59 $26,180 3.6 %
89706 Paste-Up Workers 7,360 $9.53 $10.74 $22,330 1.4 %
89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 26,140 $14.00 $14.86 $30,910 0.7 %
89712 Photoengravers 3,920 $13.67 $13.38 $27,840 1.4 %
89713 Camera Operators 7,380 $11.70 $12.63 $26,270 0.9 %
89715 Scanner Operators 6,880 $16.14 $16.75 $34,850 1.0 %
89717 Strippers 21,640 $15.53 $15.83 $32,930 0.5 %
89718 Platemakers 14,430 $13.75 $14.46 $30,070 0.9 %
89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 4,820 $16.38 $17.15 $35,680 1.5 %
89721 Bookbinders 7,040 $9.95 $11.29 $23,470 2.2 %
89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers 5,140 $11.78 $12.56 $26,120 1.2 %
89802 Slaughterers and Butchers 65,600 $9.03 $8.94 $18,600 0.8 %
89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 40,970 $10.59 $11.12 $23,120 1.1 %
89808 Food Batchmakers 31,920 $11.09 $11.64 $24,210 2.7 %
89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 8,240 $9.79 $10.90 $22,670 1.9 %
89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 11,950 $11.84 $12.55 $26,110 1.7 %
89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 13,420 $10.22 $11.12 $23,130 1.3 %
89908 Precision Patternmakers, Model Makers, Lay-Out Workers, and Cutters 4,100 $14.40 $14.91 $31,020 1.0 %
89911 Precision Detail Design Decorators and Painters 4,700 $9.39 $10.25 $21,330 1.2 %
89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 10,200 $10.39 $11.48 $23,880 2.4 %
89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 21,940 $9.39 $10.33 $21,480 1.1 %
89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 34,390 $12.34 $14.04 $29,200 1.8 %
89923 Medical Appliance Makers 7,130 $11.18 $13.73 $28,550 2.7 %
89926 Gem and Diamond Workers 1,100 $9.04 $9.87 $20,530 5.5 %
89999 All Other Precision Workers 95,250 $10.85 $12.29 $25,570 1.3 %
 
  Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 21,320 $11.36 $11.81 $24,570 1.3 %
91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 73,100 $13.58 $13.99 $29,100 0.6 %
91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40,050 $12.32 $13.21 $27,480 1.1 %
91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 24,400 $13.90 $14.56 $30,280 1.0 %
91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 63,380 $11.89 $12.64 $26,280 0.6 %
91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 106,040 $11.78 $13.10 $27,250 1.6 %
91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 45,810 $11.19 $11.54 $24,000 0.5 %
91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 71,700 $11.61 $12.02 $25,010 0.5 %
91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 21,920 $11.68 $12.00 $24,960 0.6 %
91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 45,010 $11.59 $11.80 $24,540 0.7 %
91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 18,770 $12.98 $13.57 $28,220 1.1 %
91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 15,540 $17.26 $16.84 $35,040 1.8 %
91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 173,920 $9.70 $10.59 $22,020 0.8 %
91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 89,340 $13.04 $13.52 $28,130 0.5 %
91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 53,000 $12.66 $13.45 $27,980 1.5 %
91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50,620 $10.45 $11.08 $23,050 0.8 %
91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 32,060 $12.73 $13.65 $28,390 2.2 %
91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 78,320 $11.73 $12.51 $26,020 0.7 %
91708 Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 6,920 $10.35 $10.79 $22,440 1.7 %
91711 Soldering and Brazing Machine Operators and Tenders 7,720 $9.85 $10.13 $21,080 1.3 %
91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 39,910 $11.57 $12.45 $25,890 1.1 %
91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 36,170 $10.54 $11.16 $23,220 1.1 %
91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 140,340 $8.58 $8.99 $18,700 0.9 %
91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 19,420 $12.13 $12.86 $26,760 1.2 %
91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 36,390 $11.85 $12.86 $26,740 1.3 %
91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 10,200 $10.54 $11.05 $22,980 1.3 %
91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 13,770 $10.36 $11.15 $23,200 1.3 %
91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 29,370 $10.13 $10.68 $22,210 0.7 %
91923 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 3,330 $10.24 $11.07 $23,030 2.0 %
91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 4,860 $10.34 $10.85 $22,570 1.4 %
91928 Heating Equipment Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 5,100 $11.70 $12.73 $26,490 1.6 %
91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 23,170 $12.10 $12.88 $26,790 0.9 %
91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 22,650 $12.44 $13.28 $27,620 1.1 %
91938 Heaters, Metal and Plastic 3,090 $11.79 $12.37 $25,740 2.0 %
92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 47,880 $12.07 $13.24 $27,530 1.5 %
92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 82,010 $10.40 $11.37 $23,660 1.0 %
92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 7,210 $9.73 $10.53 $21,910 2.3 %
92305 Head Sawyers 6,300 $11.56 $12.22 $25,420 1.0 %
92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 49,520 $9.11 $9.50 $19,760 0.6 %
92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 21,280 $9.76 $10.07 $20,950 0.8 %
92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 51,450 $9.03 $9.30 $19,350 0.6 %
92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 12,820 $12.53 $13.08 $27,210 1.0 %
92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 57,330 $14.91 $15.57 $32,380 0.8 %
92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 11,130 $13.76 $14.63 $30,430 2.4 %
92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 9,520 $13.33 $13.90 $28,910 1.2 %
92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 11,980 $12.12 $12.44 $25,880 1.0 %
92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 31,040 $9.08 $9.49 $19,730 0.7 %
92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 25,740 $11.70 $12.39 $25,770 0.9 %
92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 10,130 $11.70 $12.20 $25,370 1.0 %
92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 12,410 $11.08 $12.18 $25,330 1.3 %
92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 125,910 $12.51 $13.34 $27,760 0.5 %
92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders 5,910 $11.52 $12.65 $26,300 1.8 %
92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 65,490 $9.27 $10.23 $21,270 0.7 %
92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 21,250 $10.17 $10.93 $22,740 1.1 %
92702 Textile Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 26,860 $10.40 $10.61 $22,070 1.0 %
92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 174,090 $9.34 $9.39 $19,530 0.5 %
92708 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators and Tenders, Synthetic or Glass Fibers 27,690 $13.43 $13.05 $27,150 1.1 %
92711 Textile Draw-Out Machine Operators and Tenders 8,580 $9.73 $10.06 $20,930 1.4 %
92714 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 23,860 $9.31 $9.26 $19,260 0.7 %
92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 326,350 $7.09 $7.45 $15,500 0.4 %
92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 131,230 $8.17 $8.54 $17,760 0.7 %
92723 Shoe Sewing Machine Operators and Tenders 7,030 $7.80 $8.07 $16,790 1.1 %
92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 147,470 $7.05 $7.45 $15,500 0.5 %
92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 65,290 $7.28 $7.52 $15,640 0.5 %
92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors 63,110 $11.93 $12.53 $26,070 1.9 %
92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 8,130 $7.41 $10.28 $21,390 3.3 %
92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 52,120 $8.56 $9.58 $19,930 1.3 %
92911 Tire Building Machine Operators 18,270 $17.51 $16.54 $34,410 1.8 %
92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60,550 $12.50 $12.71 $26,430 1.0 %
92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 19,690 $10.26 $11.29 $23,490 2.1 %
92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 13,640 $10.63 $10.83 $22,530 1.1 %
92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 27,260 $12.07 $13.03 $27,100 0.9 %
92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 15,840 $14.57 $14.93 $31,060 0.7 %
92928 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 6,140 $9.33 $10.30 $21,430 1.8 %
92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 16,800 $12.40 $12.39 $25,780 0.8 %
92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 74,430 $15.74 $15.97 $33,210 1.4 %
92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders 13,570 $13.60 $14.14 $29,400 1.7 %
92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 28,090 $10.75 $11.28 $23,470 0.9 %
92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 67,700 $10.30 $10.80 $22,460 0.5 %
92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 35,210 $14.00 $15.17 $31,560 1.0 %
92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 38,630 $10.94 $11.46 $23,840 0.5 %
92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 81,320 $10.27 $10.74 $22,340 0.4 %
92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 24,370 $9.96 $10.32 $21,460 0.7 %
92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 24,970 $10.05 $10.90 $22,660 0.7 %
92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 27,280 $14.23 $14.87 $30,930 1.8 %
92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 137,990 $11.23 $11.92 $24,790 0.6 %
92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 31,440 $11.70 $12.21 $25,400 0.9 %
92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 86,090 $10.94 $11.41 $23,740 0.6 %
92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 389,050 $9.64 $10.44 $21,710 0.6 %
92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 126,530 $11.87 $12.85 $26,730 1.0 %
92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 508,420 $10.43 $11.52 $23,970 0.9 %
 
  Hand Working Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
93102 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers, Precision 16,800 $18.46 $17.83 $37,090 3.3 %
93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 73,630 $14.06 $14.52 $30,210 1.7 %
93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 20,590 $12.59 $13.41 $27,890 1.4 %
93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 55,370 $11.18 $11.66 $24,250 1.0 %
93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 188,700 $10.45 $11.25 $23,400 1.1 %
93117 Watch, Clock, and Chronometer Assemblers, Adjusters, Calibrators, Precision 2,180 $8.44 $8.87 $18,460 3.3 %
93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 62,040 $10.68 $11.40 $23,710 1.1 %
93902 Machine Assemblers 67,700 $10.89 $11.36 $23,630 0.9 %
93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 232,430 $9.04 $9.55 $19,860 0.6 %
93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 21,170 $8.97 $9.80 $20,380 1.2 %
93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing 6,140 $9.86 $10.31 $21,440 1.4 %
93914 Welders and Cutters 351,190 $12.41 $13.18 $27,420 0.3 %
93917 Solderers and Brazers 31,800 $8.46 $9.03 $18,780 0.7 %
93921 Pressers, Hand 12,190 $7.09 $7.33 $15,240 1.0 %
93923 Sewers, Hand 9,500 $7.46 $8.16 $16,970 1.8 %
93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 44,250 $8.23 $8.91 $18,520 0.8 %
93928 Portable Machine Cutters 9,100 $8.79 $9.18 $19,100 1.3 %
93932 Carpet Cutters, Diagrammers, and Seamers 1,260 $9.25 $9.97 $20,730 2.4 %
93935 Cannery Workers 47,240 $7.56 $8.04 $16,730 1.1 %
93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 149,650 $7.82 $7.99 $16,610 0.6 %
93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 9,100 $11.71 $12.39 $25,770 1.4 %
93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 20,450 $9.10 $9.85 $20,480 1.1 %
93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 32,040 $9.16 $9.85 $20,480 1.0 %
93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand 7,810 $7.91 $8.79 $18,280 1.9 %
93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 80,420 $9.83 $10.70 $22,250 0.8 %
93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 1,308,670 $9.50 $10.54 $21,920 0.8 %
93999 All Other Hand Workers 559,580 $7.97 $9.49 $19,730 1.6 %
 
  Plant and System Occupations   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 100,000 $14.26 $14.76 $30,690 0.6 %
95005 Gas Plant Operators 8,240 $19.79 $19.31 $40,160 0.9 %
95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 40,670 $18.77 $18.75 $39,010 0.9 %
95011 Petroleum Pump System Operators 5,100 $21.51 $21.60 $44,930 3.7 %
95014 Petroleum Refinery and Control Panel Operators 18,150 $21.86 $20.91 $43,490 1.2 %
95017 Gaugers 6,360 $18.41 $17.40 $36,190 2.3 %
95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 22,640 $21.17 $21.18 $44,060 0.8 %
95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power 8,080 $20.98 $20.75 $43,150 1.1 %
95026 Power Reactor Operators 3,860 $25.57 $26.38 $54,880 1.2 %
95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 14,420 $21.97 $22.38 $46,540 0.8 %
95032 Stationary Engineers 28,350 $18.40 $18.93 $39,360 0.9 %
95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 166,610 $10.86 $12.38 $25,750 0.9 %
 
  Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,480,780 $13.45 $14.08 $29,290 0.2 %
97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,204,220 $9.61 $10.59 $22,020 0.3 %
97108 Bus Drivers 213,120 $11.72 $12.50 $26,000 2.1 %
97111 Bus Drivers, School 423,920 $9.05 $9.34 $19,420 0.6 %
97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 88,260 $7.47 $8.30 $17,260 0.8 %
97117 Driver/Sales Workers 280,990 $9.29 $10.34 $21,510 0.7 %
97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 43,050 $8.81 $10.34 $21,500 1.3 %
97302 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 24,510 $18.51 $20.36 $42,350 1.7 %
97305 Locomotive Engineers 30,250 $19.14 $20.53 $42,690 2.0 %
97308 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 3,110 $17.17 $17.26 $35,910 1.2 %
97311 Locomotive Firers 3,700 $17.93 $19.77 $41,110 3.6 %
97314 Subway and Streetcar Operators 7,380 $20.83 $19.83 $41,250 4.7 %
97317 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 16,330 $17.57 $18.16 $37,780 1.2 %
97399 All Other Rail Vehicle Operators and Controllers 2,100 $15.96 $14.72 $30,620 2.3 %
97502 Captains, Water Vessel 15,240 $19.91 $20.68 $43,010 2.1 %
97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 9,720 $14.09 $15.45 $32,130 2.1 %
97508 Pilots, Ship 3,160 $20.03 $21.90 $45,550 4.1 %
97511 Motorboat Operators 1,220 $11.90 $12.85 $26,720 6.1 %
97514 Able Seamen 8,060 $12.88 $13.01 $27,050 1.7 %
97517 Ordinary Seamen and Marine Oilers 12,850 $10.66 $11.29 $23,480 1.8 %
97521 Ship Engineers 6,400 $19.31 $20.23 $42,090 1.6 %
97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 96,890 *    *    $80,700 6.5 %
97802 Bridge, Lock, and Lighthouse Tenders 3,810 $14.57 $13.94 $29,000 0.9 %
97805 Service Station Attendants 131,190 $6.88 $7.34 $15,270 0.6 %
97808 Parking Lot Attendants 78,350 $6.70 $7.25 $15,080 0.8 %
97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 131,040 $11.41 $12.92 $26,880 2.7 %
97902 Longshore Equipment Operators 7,210 $22.03 $22.06 $45,880 2.6 %
97905 Tank Car and Truck Loaders 3,980 $14.99 $15.05 $31,310 1.6 %
97908 Oil Pumpers, Except Wellhead 4,920 $12.85 $15.47 $32,170 7.8 %
97911 Wellhead Pumpers 7,040 $16.16 $15.81 $32,880 1.8 %
97914 Main-Line Station Engineers 700 $21.37 $21.00 $43,690 1.6 %
97917 Gas Pumping Station Operators 1,340 $13.06 $14.00 $29,110 4.1 %
97921 Gas Compressor Operators 3,080 $18.57 $17.91 $37,250 1.7 %
97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 99,890 $13.02 $14.44 $30,020 0.7 %
97926 Dragline Operators 2,610 $13.44 $14.52 $30,190 1.9 %
97928 Dredge Operators 1,740 $13.14 $14.27 $29,670 2.2 %
97932 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 3,210 $14.42 $14.59 $30,360 1.3 %
97935 Shuttle Car Operators 2,880 $16.87 $16.50 $34,320 1.1 %
97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 99,490 $12.94 $14.32 $29,780 0.6 %
97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 12,440 $13.48 $14.28 $29,700 1.1 %
97944 Crane and Tower Operators 45,700 $14.67 $15.46 $32,150 0.6 %
97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 438,500 $11.23 $12.08 $25,130 0.4 %
97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 35,320 $10.48 $11.04 $22,960 0.7 %
97953 Pump Operators 8,610 $15.56 $15.78 $32,820 2.1 %
97956 Operating Engineers 116,230 $16.95 $18.07 $37,590 0.6 %
97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 152,360 $11.01 $12.27 $25,520 1.1 %
97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 39,230 $11.83 $12.72 $26,460 1.2 %
 
  Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand   top
 
Wage Estimates
OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median
Hourly
Mean  
Hourly
Mean  
Annual
Mean
RSE(1)
98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 228,570 $8.76 $9.73 $20,230 0.6 %
98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 69,670 $10.31 $11.67 $24,280 1.1 %
98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 189,280 $9.40 $10.08 $20,960 0.7 %
98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 84,040 $9.35 $10.10 $21,000 0.9 %
98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 35,920 $8.78 $9.74 $20,260 2.2 %
98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 85,560 $9.39 $10.11 $21,020 0.8 %
98316 Helpers, Roofers 29,820 $8.13 $8.54 $17,760 0.9 %
98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 123,680 $9.28 $10.41 $21,650 1.1 %
98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 13,770 $9.93 $10.46 $21,750 1.5 %
98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 217,550 $9.04 $9.61 $19,990 0.5 %
98702 Stevedores, Except Equipment Operators 26,540 $19.90 $19.15 $39,830 2.8 %
98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 90,300 $10.51 $11.28 $23,470 1.6 %
98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 838,720 $8.78 $9.51 $19,780 0.3 %
98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 999,080 $6.99 $7.59 $15,790 0.3 %
98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 253,220 $6.99 $7.72 $16,060 0.5 %
98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,749,540 $8.59 $9.65 $20,070 0.4 %


(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours.

(1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(*) = Employment estimate is not available.

* = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

# = Median hourly wage is over $60.01 per hour.

1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

Last modified: October 16, 2001