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Occupational Employment Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2019

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
14,150 4.8 % $33.58 $69,860 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $18.47 $23.86 $30.39 $39.63 $53.60
Annual Wage (2) $38,410 $49,630 $63,200 $82,420 $111,480


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 2,930 0.09 $29.80 $61,980
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,480 0.17 $33.27 $69,190
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,580 0.22 $39.29 $81,720
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,220 0.22 $30.47 $63,370
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,170 0.06 $41.76 $86,870

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 530 0.76 $33.85 $70,400
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 400 0.23 $24.99 $51,980
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,580 0.22 $39.29 $81,720
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,220 0.22 $30.47 $63,370
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,480 0.17 $33.27 $69,190

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Chemical Manufacturing (3251, 3252, 3253, and 3259 only) 70 0.02 $49.85 $103,690
Management of Companies and Enterprises 220 0.01 $44.05 $91,630
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,170 0.06 $41.76 $86,870
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,580 0.22 $39.29 $81,720
Employment Services 30 (7) $36.01 $74,900


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,580 0.15 1.54 $38.22 $79,490
Iowa 900 0.58 6.02 $32.91 $68,450
North Carolina 710 0.16 1.65 $29.13 $60,590
Minnesota 650 0.23 2.35 $36.08 $75,060
South Dakota 580 1.36 14.08 $28.85 $60,000




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 580 1.36 14.08 $28.85 $60,000
North Dakota 370 0.89 9.20 $37.54 $78,080
Iowa 900 0.58 6.02 $32.91 $68,450
Nebraska 530 0.53 5.55 $29.86 $62,110
Montana 140 0.30 3.13 $30.80 $64,070




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Maryland 400 0.15 1.54 $48.56 $101,010
Mississippi 70 0.06 0.62 $44.35 $92,250
District of Columbia 60 0.08 0.80 $43.39 $90,260
Massachusetts 390 0.11 1.10 $42.22 $87,820
Oregon 510 0.27 2.75 $38.77 $80,630





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 520 0.26 2.72 $36.93 $76,820
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 390 0.39 4.00 $40.39 $84,000
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 380 0.14 1.41 $42.32 $88,020
Raleigh, NC 270 0.42 4.33 $22.95 $47,730
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 270 0.11 1.13 $37.05 $77,070
Madison, WI 270 0.67 6.98 $29.43 $61,210
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 220 0.07 0.72 $47.37 $98,530
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 170 0.14 1.50 $47.19 $98,160
Fargo, ND-MN 160 1.18 12.23 (8) (8)
Fort Collins, CO 160 1.00 10.35 $27.30 $56,780




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ames, IA 160 3.47 35.97 $32.79 $68,210
Corvallis, OR 70 1.90 19.68 $36.44 $75,790
Manhattan, KS 60 1.65 17.08 $27.11 $56,380
College Station-Bryan, TX 150 1.37 14.25 $31.04 $64,550
Fargo, ND-MN 160 1.18 12.23 (8) (8)
Fort Collins, CO 160 1.00 10.35 $27.30 $56,780
Grand Island, NE 40 0.99 10.25 $22.42 $46,630
Champaign-Urbana, IL 90 0.85 8.79 $27.30 $56,790
Madison, WI 270 0.67 6.98 $29.43 $61,210
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 140 0.66 6.85 $26.75 $55,640




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 220 0.07 0.72 $47.37 $98,530
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 170 0.14 1.50 $47.19 $98,160
Salinas, CA 50 0.27 2.81 $44.23 $91,990
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 380 0.14 1.41 $42.32 $88,020
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 100 0.01 0.10 $41.62 $86,570
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 150 0.47 4.91 $40.97 $85,210
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 390 0.39 4.00 $40.39 $84,000
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 150 0.10 1.01 $39.88 $82,950
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 90 0.03 0.27 $39.75 $82,670
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (8) (8) (8) $39.64 $82,460

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 340 2.57 26.68 $26.81 $55,760
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 270 0.67 7.00 $31.08 $64,650
South Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 260 1.74 18.02 $31.88 $66,300
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 220 1.63 16.91 $32.28 $67,130
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 140 1.47 15.25 $17.71 $36,840

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 340 2.57 26.68 $26.81 $55,760
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 110 1.76 18.25 $30.96 $64,400
East North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 110 1.74 18.03 $31.15 $64,780
South Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 260 1.74 18.02 $31.88 $66,300
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 220 1.63 16.91 $32.28 $67,130

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 60 0.47 4.86 $39.60 $82,370
South Georgia nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $36.17 $75,230
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 50 0.41 4.30 $35.07 $72,950
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 90 0.42 4.32 $34.76 $72,300
Northeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 110 1.06 10.97 $33.04 $68,710


About May 2019 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2019 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: July 6, 2020