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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other

All social scientists and related workers not listed separately.


National estimates for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other
Industry profile for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other
Geographic profile for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other

National estimates for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
34,330 1.6 % $ 43.70 $ 90,900 0.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 24.15 $ 31.83 $ 40.59 $ 52.78 $ 64.06
Annual Wage (2) $ 50,230 $ 66,210 $ 84,430 $ 109,780 $ 133,240


Industry profile for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 19,480 0.92 $ 45.66 $ 94,970
Scientific Research and Development Services 3,860 0.48 $ 42.74 $ 88,900
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 3,470 0.12 $ 38.64 $ 80,380
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,760 0.08 $ 37.30 $ 77,590
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,180 0.02 $ 40.70 $ 84,650

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 19,480 0.92 $ 45.66 $ 94,970
Scientific Research and Development Services 3,860 0.48 $ 42.74 $ 88,900
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 3,470 0.12 $ 38.64 $ 80,380
Educational Support Services 210 0.11 $ 42.38 $ 88,160
Business Schools and Computer and Management Training 70 0.10 $ 43.02 $ 89,490

Top paying industries for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Management of Companies and Enterprises (8) (8) $ 59.37 $ 123,490
Individual and Family Services 80 (7) $ 52.63 $ 109,460
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 440 0.03 $ 50.76 $ 105,570
Grantmaking and Giving Services 80 0.06 $ 46.50 $ 96,720
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 19,480 0.92 $ 45.66 $ 94,970


Geographic profile for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of social scientists and related workers, all other by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Virginia 4,000 1.07 4.38 $ 55.85 $ 116,180
California 3,360 0.20 0.83 $ 37.85 $ 78,730
District of Columbia 2,590 3.91 16.03 $ 51.49 $ 107,100
New York 2,330 0.27 1.10 $ 46.87 $ 97,480
Maryland 2,040 0.80 3.29 $ 52.28 $ 108,740


Map of location quotient of social scientists and related workers, all other by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 2,590 3.91 16.03 $ 51.49 $ 107,100
Virginia 4,000 1.07 4.38 $ 55.85 $ 116,180
Maryland 2,040 0.80 3.29 $ 52.28 $ 108,740
Vermont 180 0.64 2.63 $ 30.80 $ 64,070
Hawaii 350 0.63 2.59 $ 44.60 $ 92,760


Map of annual mean wages of social scientists and related workers, all other by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Virginia 4,000 1.07 4.38 $ 55.85 $ 116,180
Maryland 2,040 0.80 3.29 $ 52.28 $ 108,740
District of Columbia 2,590 3.91 16.03 $ 51.49 $ 107,100
Connecticut 220 0.14 0.58 $ 50.66 $ 105,380
Washington 710 0.22 0.91 $ 47.08 $ 97,930



Map of employment of social scientists and related workers, all other by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 5,640 1.92 7.89 $ 56.00 $ 116,480
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 1,610 0.19 0.76 $ 48.48 $ 100,830
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 1,280 0.49 2.03 $ 42.17 $ 87,710
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 1,050 0.18 0.75 $ 34.23 $ 71,200
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 870 0.69 2.83 $ 50.60 $ 105,240
Dayton, OH 680 1.91 7.84 $ 45.33 $ 94,290
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 580 0.82 3.35 $ 49.60 $ 103,170
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 570 0.58 2.36 $ 43.86 $ 91,230
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 560 0.25 1.02 $ 40.32 $ 83,860
Columbus, OH 550 0.54 2.22 $ 37.98 $ 79,010


Map of location quotient of social scientists and related workers, all other by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Charlottesville, VA 530 4.96 20.36 $ 44.06 $ 91,650
Fayetteville, NC 320 2.58 10.60 $ 43.89 $ 91,280
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 5,640 1.92 7.89 $ 56.00 $ 116,480
Dayton, OH 680 1.91 7.84 $ 45.33 $ 94,290
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 540 1.73 7.11 (8) (8)
Burlington-South Burlington, VT 150 1.29 5.31 $ 29.50 $ 61,360
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 280 1.26 5.19 $ 46.72 $ 97,170
Yuba City, CA 60 1.24 5.09 $ 40.02 $ 83,240
Salem, OR 210 1.23 5.04 (8) (8)
Fairbanks, AK 40 1.10 4.53 $ 36.71 $ 76,370


Map of annual mean wages of social scientists and related workers, all other by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 5,640 1.92 7.89 $ 56.00 $ 116,480
New Haven, CT 30 0.12 0.51 $ 55.57 $ 115,580
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 370 0.33 1.34 $ 53.23 $ 110,730
Olympia-Tumwater, WA 40 0.38 1.55 $ 52.96 $ 110,150
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 870 0.69 2.83 $ 50.60 $ 105,240
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 580 0.82 3.35 $ 49.60 $ 103,170
Trenton, NJ 50 0.21 0.86 $ 49.60 $ 103,160
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 120 0.40 1.63 $ 48.63 $ 101,150
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 1,610 0.19 0.76 $ 48.48 $ 100,830
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 210 0.07 0.30 $ 48.24 $ 100,340

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 100 0.54 2.21 $ 34.94 $ 72,680
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 80 0.58 2.36 $ 35.90 $ 74,670
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 60 0.32 1.33 $ 25.05 $ 52,110
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 60 0.23 0.94 $ 35.37 $ 73,560
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 50 0.14 0.56 $ 35.03 $ 72,870

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 80 0.58 2.36 $ 35.90 $ 74,670
Southern West Virginia nonmetropolitan area 40 0.54 2.22 $ 34.61 $ 71,990
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 100 0.54 2.21 $ 34.94 $ 72,680
Central Louisiana nonmetropolitan area 40 0.50 2.07 $ 34.45 $ 71,650
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 30 0.42 1.73 $ 50.02 $ 104,040

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 30 0.42 1.73 $ 50.02 $ 104,040
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 40 0.27 1.12 $ 39.12 $ 81,360
North Northeastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area (noncontiguous) 30 0.10 0.39 $ 37.87 $ 78,770
Arizona nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 1.73 $ 37.45 $ 77,900
Northeast South Carolina nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 1.72 $ 36.59 $ 76,100


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022