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Occupational Employment Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2019

23-1012 Judicial Law Clerks

Assist judges in court or by conducting research or preparing legal documents. Excludes "Lawyers" (23-1011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (23-2011).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
16,630 1.6 % $28.79 $59,890 2.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $16.30 $20.02 $25.97 $34.69 $46.63
Annual Wage (2) $33,910 $41,640 $54,010 $72,160 $96,990


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 8,700 0.40 $31.82 $66,190
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 7,670 0.14 $25.48 $52,990

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 8,700 0.40 $31.82 $66,190
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 7,670 0.14 $25.48 $52,990

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 8,700 0.40 $31.82 $66,190
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 7,670 0.14 $25.48 $52,990


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 3,060 0.18 1.56 $31.12 $64,730
Pennsylvania 1,000 0.17 1.49 $19.85 $41,300
New York 710 0.07 0.66 $57.46 $119,510
Florida 620 0.07 0.63 $22.49 $46,790
Washington 560 0.17 1.49 $32.06 $66,680




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 530 0.35 3.09 $19.33 $40,200
Montana 80 0.18 1.55 $21.98 $45,710
California 3,060 0.18 1.56 $31.12 $64,730
Washington 560 0.17 1.49 $32.06 $66,680
Pennsylvania 1,000 0.17 1.49 $19.85 $41,300




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 710 0.07 0.66 $57.46 $119,510
Connecticut 260 0.16 1.40 $38.57 $80,220
North Dakota 40 0.09 0.77 $35.83 $74,520
Illinois 320 0.05 0.48 $34.58 $71,930
Nevada 110 0.08 0.71 $33.88 $70,470





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 1,020 0.16 1.44 $34.20 $71,130
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 520 0.18 1.60 $20.69 $43,030
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 510 0.05 0.47 $32.20 $66,980
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 310 0.16 1.37 $31.89 $66,330
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 290 0.15 1.29 $26.83 $55,810
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 280 0.11 0.99 $33.59 $69,870
Salt Lake City, UT 270 0.37 3.26 $19.87 $41,340
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 270 0.06 0.51 $31.82 $66,190
Fresno, CA 250 0.65 5.74 $24.60 $51,170
Pittsburgh, PA 240 0.21 1.82 $19.75 $41,080




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Visalia-Porterville, CA 140 0.88 7.77 $19.65 $40,860
Fresno, CA 250 0.65 5.74 $24.60 $51,170
Salisbury, MD-DE 90 0.56 4.96 $22.06 $45,890
Salt Lake City, UT 270 0.37 3.26 $19.87 $41,340
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 90 0.34 2.97 $19.00 $39,510
Provo-Orem, UT 80 0.31 2.71 $18.11 $37,670
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 60 0.29 2.55 $21.89 $45,540
Trenton, NJ 60 0.27 2.35 $24.67 $51,310
Pittsburgh, PA 240 0.21 1.82 $19.75 $41,080
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA 50 0.20 1.76 $21.70 $45,130




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Cleveland-Elyria, OH 60 0.06 0.49 $35.81 $74,490
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 1,020 0.16 1.44 $34.20 $71,130
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 280 0.11 0.99 $33.59 $69,870
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 160 0.11 0.94 $32.95 $68,540
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 510 0.05 0.47 $32.20 $66,980
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 310 0.16 1.37 $31.89 $66,330
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 270 0.06 0.51 $31.82 $66,190
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 210 0.20 1.81 $31.31 $65,120
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 40 0.11 1.01 $31.06 $64,610
Lafayette, LA 30 0.16 1.45 $29.12 $60,570

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 50 0.24 2.08 $20.87 $43,420
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 40 0.48 4.23 $19.79 $41,170
Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 40 0.24 2.11 $18.51 $38,500

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 40 0.48 4.23 $19.79 $41,170
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 50 0.24 2.08 $20.87 $43,420
Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 40 0.24 2.11 $18.51 $38,500

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Washington nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $26.26 $54,620
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $23.13 $48,110
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 50 0.24 2.08 $20.87 $43,420
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 40 0.48 4.23 $19.79 $41,170
Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 40 0.24 2.11 $18.51 $38,500


About May 2019 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2019 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2020