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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

27-3043 Writers and Authors

Originate and prepare written material, such as scripts, stories, advertisements, and other material. Excludes "News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists" (27-3023), "Public Relations Specialists" (27-3031), and "Technical Writers" (27-3042).


National estimates for Writers and Authors
Industry profile for Writers and Authors
Geographic profile for Writers and Authors

National estimates for Writers and Authors: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Writers and Authors:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
44,240 2.2 % $ 37.82 $ 78,680 1.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for Writers and Authors:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 17.25 $ 23.70 $ 32.27 $ 45.24 $ 64.17
Annual Wage (2) $ 35,880 $ 49,310 $ 67,120 $ 94,090 $ 133,460


Industry profile for Writers and Authors: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Writers and Authors are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Writers and Authors, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Writers and Authors:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 6,070 1.34 $ 37.42 $ 77,830
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 4,070 1.49 $ 31.60 $ 65,720
Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers 4,060 8.40 $ 51.49 $ 107,110
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 3,650 0.24 $ 38.57 $ 80,230
Other Information Services 2,880 0.83 $ 33.21 $ 69,070

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Writers and Authors:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers 4,060 8.40 $ 51.49 $ 107,110
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 4,070 1.49 $ 31.60 $ 65,720
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 6,070 1.34 $ 37.42 $ 77,830
Other Information Services 2,880 0.83 $ 33.21 $ 69,070
Radio and Television Broadcasting 1,300 0.64 $ 37.53 $ 78,060

Top paying industries for Writers and Authors:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 150 0.01 $ 56.73 $ 117,990
Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers 4,060 8.40 $ 51.49 $ 107,110
Motion Picture and Video Industries 2,010 0.61 $ 51.13 $ 106,340
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 1,020 0.05 $ 50.10 $ 104,200
Civic and Social Organizations 250 0.09 $ 48.07 $ 99,990


Geographic profile for Writers and Authors: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Writers and Authors are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Writers and Authors, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Writers and Authors:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 7,910 0.48 1.51 $ 49.15 $ 102,230
New York 6,700 0.77 2.42 $ 46.10 $ 95,880
Texas 2,560 0.21 0.67 $ 28.19 $ 58,640
Florida 1,930 0.23 0.72 $ 32.80 $ 68,230
Pennsylvania 1,620 0.29 0.92 $ 32.00 $ 66,570




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Writers and Authors:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 1,350 1.96 6.16 $ 50.35 $ 104,720
New York 6,700 0.77 2.42 $ 46.10 $ 95,880
New Hampshire 360 0.58 1.81 $ 30.35 $ 63,130
Utah 780 0.52 1.65 $ 24.92 $ 51,840
Vermont 140 0.48 1.52 $ 36.64 $ 76,210




Top paying states for Writers and Authors:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 1,350 1.96 6.16 $ 50.35 $ 104,720
California 7,910 0.48 1.51 $ 49.15 $ 102,230
Connecticut 520 0.34 1.06 $ 46.84 $ 97,420
New York 6,700 0.77 2.42 $ 46.10 $ 95,880
Massachusetts 1,220 0.36 1.15 $ 42.74 $ 88,900





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Writers and Authors:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 7,090 0.80 2.52 $ 46.15 $ 95,990
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 4,690 0.81 2.53 $ 51.93 $ 108,010
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,440 0.81 2.53 $ 45.90 $ 95,470
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 1,400 0.32 1.01 $ 36.06 $ 75,000
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,360 0.58 1.83 $ 50.13 $ 104,270
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 1,240 0.63 2.00 $ 38.39 $ 79,840
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 1,120 0.43 1.35 $ 43.36 $ 90,190
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 1,060 0.39 1.24 $ 33.70 $ 70,100
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 970 0.27 0.85 $ 29.18 $ 60,690
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 850 0.32 1.02 $ 33.60 $ 69,880




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Writers and Authors:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Provo-Orem, UT 320 1.28 4.01 $ 21.82 $ 45,380
Manchester, NH 120 1.12 3.52 $ 30.02 $ 62,430
Dover-Durham, NH-ME 50 0.95 2.98 $ 29.63 $ 61,640
Ann Arbor, MI 190 0.90 2.84 $ 25.24 $ 52,500
Ithaca, NY 40 0.84 2.64 $ 30.04 $ 62,480
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,440 0.81 2.53 $ 45.90 $ 95,470
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 4,690 0.81 2.53 $ 51.93 $ 108,010
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 7,090 0.80 2.52 $ 46.15 $ 95,990
Charlottesville, VA 80 0.77 2.41 $ 35.00 $ 72,800
Medford, OR 50 0.65 2.04 $ 24.50 $ 50,960




Top paying metropolitan areas for Writers and Authors:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Portland-South Portland, ME 40 0.21 0.65 $ 55.17 $ 114,740
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 240 0.65 2.04 $ 53.31 $ 110,890
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 4,690 0.81 2.53 $ 51.93 $ 108,010
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,360 0.58 1.83 $ 50.13 $ 104,270
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 440 0.40 1.25 $ 49.79 $ 103,560
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 130 0.24 0.76 $ 48.81 $ 101,530
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 7,090 0.80 2.52 $ 46.15 $ 95,990
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,440 0.81 2.53 $ 45.90 $ 95,470
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 130 0.14 0.44 $ 44.98 $ 93,550
Boulder, CO 90 0.52 1.63 $ 43.77 $ 91,040

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Writers and Authors:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 60 0.58 1.83 $ 31.39 $ 65,280
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 0.27 0.83 $ 24.45 $ 50,860
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 50 0.31 0.97 $ 29.02 $ 60,360
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 30 0.16 0.51 (8) (8)
Northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 30 0.30 0.94 $ 22.04 $ 45,840

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Writers and Authors:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 60 0.58 1.83 $ 31.39 $ 65,280
Eastern Wyoming nonmetropolitan area 30 0.41 1.29 $ 18.88 $ 39,270
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 50 0.31 0.97 $ 29.02 $ 60,360
Northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 30 0.30 0.94 $ 22.04 $ 45,840
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 0.27 0.83 $ 24.45 $ 50,860

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Writers and Authors:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 60 0.58 1.83 $ 31.39 $ 65,280
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 50 0.31 0.97 $ 29.02 $ 60,360
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 0.27 0.83 $ 24.45 $ 50,860
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 24.37 $ 50,690
Northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 30 0.30 0.94 $ 22.04 $ 45,840


About May 2020 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2020 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2021