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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

27-3091 Interpreters and Translators

Interpret oral or sign language, or translate written text from one language into another.


National estimates for Interpreters and Translators
Industry profile for Interpreters and Translators
Geographic profile for Interpreters and Translators

National estimates for Interpreters and Translators: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Interpreters and Translators:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
56,920 4.3 % $ 27.95 $ 58,140 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for Interpreters and Translators:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 14.30 $ 18.46 $ 25.16 $ 34.92 $ 46.38
Annual Wage (2) $ 29,740 $ 38,410 $ 52,330 $ 72,630 $ 96,480


Industry profile for Interpreters and Translators: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Interpreters and Translators are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Interpreters and Translators, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Interpreters and Translators:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 23,300 3.21 $ 30.32 $ 63,070
Elementary and Secondary Schools 8,970 0.11 $ 23.79 $ 49,480
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals 5,540 0.10 $ 26.52 $ 55,160
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 2,280 0.04 $ 27.33 $ 56,850
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 1,950 0.06 $ 34.36 $ 71,460

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Interpreters and Translators:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 23,300 3.21 $ 30.32 $ 63,070
Community Food and Housing, and Emergency and Other Relief Services 690 0.38 $ 21.00 $ 43,680
Educational Support Services 500 0.27 $ 22.90 $ 47,620
Junior Colleges 1,520 0.22 $ 33.40 $ 69,480
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 220 0.15 $ 15.19 $ 31,600

Top paying industries for Interpreters and Translators:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 420 0.02 $ 42.03 $ 87,410
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 380 0.02 $ 37.03 $ 77,010
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 1,950 0.06 $ 34.36 $ 71,460
Junior Colleges 1,520 0.22 $ 33.40 $ 69,480
Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals 80 0.03 $ 32.68 $ 67,980


Geographic profile for Interpreters and Translators: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Interpreters and Translators are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Interpreters and Translators, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Interpreters and Translators:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 7,510 0.46 1.12 $ 32.29 $ 67,160
Texas 5,690 0.47 1.15 $ 28.48 $ 59,240
New York 3,240 0.37 0.91 $ 34.24 $ 71,230
Ohio 2,980 0.58 1.42 $ 23.67 $ 49,230
Arizona 2,790 0.98 2.40 $ 24.94 $ 51,870




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Interpreters and Translators:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 840 1.23 3.00 (8) (8)
Arizona 2,790 0.98 2.40 $ 24.94 $ 51,870
Oregon 1,560 0.87 2.11 $ 27.98 $ 58,200
Nebraska 720 0.76 1.85 $ 22.79 $ 47,400
New Mexico 570 0.72 1.77 $ 23.75 $ 49,400




Top paying states for Interpreters and Translators:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Virginia 2,340 0.63 1.54 $ 38.19 $ 79,440
New Jersey 450 0.12 0.29 $ 35.37 $ 73,560
Maryland 1,230 0.49 1.19 $ 34.54 $ 71,840
New York 3,240 0.37 0.91 $ 34.24 $ 71,230
California 7,510 0.46 1.12 $ 32.29 $ 67,160





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Interpreters and Translators:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 3,000 0.99 2.43 $ 38.58 $ 80,240
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 2,810 0.48 1.18 $ 29.88 $ 62,140
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 2,760 0.31 0.76 $ 36.68 $ 76,300
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 2,520 0.85 2.07 $ 25.59 $ 53,220
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 1,490 0.57 1.40 $ 31.21 $ 64,910
Columbus, OH 1,470 1.43 3.50 $ 20.84 $ 43,360
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 1,340 0.31 0.75 $ 23.55 $ 48,990
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,150 0.49 1.21 $ 38.84 $ 80,780
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 1,010 0.89 2.16 $ 25.87 $ 53,810
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 1,000 0.28 0.68 $ 22.38 $ 46,560




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Interpreters and Translators:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Las Cruces, NM 240 3.45 8.44 $ 15.06 $ 31,320
Harrisonburg, VA 140 2.24 5.47 $ 24.31 $ 50,570
Fargo, ND-MN 210 1.54 3.76 $ 15.30 $ 31,820
Olympia-Tumwater, WA 160 1.47 3.59 (8) (8)
Ann Arbor, MI 300 1.45 3.54 $ 32.38 $ 67,350
Columbus, OH 1,470 1.43 3.50 $ 20.84 $ 43,360
Colorado Springs, CO 290 1.03 2.53 $ 31.17 $ 64,840
St. Cloud, MN 100 1.03 2.51 $ 22.38 $ 46,550
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 3,000 0.99 2.43 $ 38.58 $ 80,240
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 440 0.93 2.27 $ 25.48 $ 52,990




Top paying metropolitan areas for Interpreters and Translators:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Santa Rosa, CA 90 0.45 1.11 $ 43.35 $ 90,160
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 540 0.39 0.95 $ 39.50 $ 82,150
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,150 0.49 1.21 $ 38.84 $ 80,780
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 3,000 0.99 2.43 $ 38.58 $ 80,240
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA 40 0.19 0.47 $ 38.05 $ 79,150
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 2,760 0.31 0.76 $ 36.68 $ 76,300
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 620 0.42 1.02 $ 35.90 $ 74,670
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 290 0.22 0.54 $ 35.45 $ 73,740
Austin-Round Rock, TX 470 0.45 1.10 $ 35.04 $ 72,890
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 360 0.50 1.22 $ 34.68 $ 72,140

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Interpreters and Translators:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 130 0.35 0.87 $ 15.89 $ 33,060
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 110 0.56 1.36 $ 25.10 $ 52,200
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 100 0.45 1.10 $ 18.89 $ 39,300
Southeast Coastal North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 80 0.33 0.81 $ 16.71 $ 34,760
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 80 0.86 2.09 $ 17.10 $ 35,560

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Interpreters and Translators:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 80 0.86 2.09 $ 17.10 $ 35,560
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 60 0.60 1.48 $ 17.43 $ 36,250
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 110 0.56 1.36 $ 25.10 $ 52,200
Massachusetts nonmetropolitan area 30 0.54 1.31 $ 18.97 $ 39,450
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area 30 0.48 1.18 $ 25.70 $ 53,450

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Interpreters and Translators:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 36.32 $ 75,550
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area 30 0.31 0.77 $ 30.41 $ 63,250
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area 30 0.48 1.18 $ 25.70 $ 53,450
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.41 1.01 $ 25.44 $ 52,910
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 110 0.56 1.36 $ 25.10 $ 52,200


About May 2020 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2020 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2021