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Occupational Employment Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2019

35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations (Major Group)

This major group comprises the following occupations: Chefs and Head Cooks ; First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers ; Cooks, Fast Food ; Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria ; Cooks, Private Household ; Cooks, Restaurant ; Cooks, Short Order ; Cooks, All Other ; Food Preparation Workers ; Bartenders ; Fast Food and Counter Workers ; Waiters and Waitresses ; Food Servers, Nonrestaurant ; Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers ; Dishwashers ; Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop ; Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this major group:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
13,494,590 0.2 % $12.82 $26,670 0.2 %

Percentile wage estimates for this major group:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $8.62 $9.56 $11.65 $14.31 $18.59
Annual Wage (2) $17,940 $19,890 $24,220 $29,770 $38,660


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Restaurants and Other Eating Places 9,728,540 89.94 $12.46 $25,910
Special Food Services 589,260 80.24 $13.97 $29,050
Traveler Accommodation 523,490 25.49 $15.34 $31,900
Food and Beverage Stores (4451 and 4452 only) 393,220 13.51 $13.25 $27,560
Elementary and Secondary Schools 358,000 4.16 $13.31 $27,670

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Restaurants and Other Eating Places 9,728,540 89.94 $12.46 $25,910
Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages) 339,700 85.35 $12.86 $26,760
Special Food Services 589,260 80.24 $13.97 $29,050
Rooming and Boarding Houses 3,830 32.80 $13.05 $27,150
Traveler Accommodation 523,490 25.49 $15.34 $31,900

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 40 0.01 $20.49 $42,630
Deep Sea, Coastal, and Great Lakes Water Transportation 810 2.09 $20.37 $42,370
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 12,310 0.61 $20.14 $41,890
Office Administrative Services (8) (8) $20.03 $41,660
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 70 0.02 $19.60 $40,760


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,627,490 93.63 1.02 $14.77 $30,720
Texas 1,175,750 94.58 1.03 $11.47 $23,860
Florida 950,180 108.05 1.18 $12.50 $26,000
New York 768,040 80.65 0.88 $16.00 $33,290
Illinois 516,360 85.69 0.93 $12.22 $25,420




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nevada 189,200 135.85 1.48 $12.95 $26,940
Hawaii 85,430 134.42 1.46 $19.08 $39,690
Montana 51,620 110.31 1.20 $11.86 $24,670
Florida 950,180 108.05 1.18 $12.50 $26,000
South Carolina 216,890 102.90 1.12 $10.87 $22,610




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Hawaii 85,430 134.42 1.46 $19.08 $39,690
District of Columbia 60,300 83.34 0.91 $18.92 $39,350
Washington 299,950 90.39 0.98 $16.33 $33,970
New York 768,040 80.65 0.88 $16.00 $33,290
Massachusetts 312,680 86.39 0.94 $15.54 $32,320





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 734,600 76.08 0.83 $15.94 $33,150
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 592,710 94.99 1.03 $14.36 $29,860
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 395,060 84.48 0.92 $12.49 $25,980
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 323,080 88.35 0.96 $11.43 $23,770
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 280,000 91.74 1.00 $11.76 $24,470
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 258,500 97.83 1.06 $12.66 $26,340
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 256,020 80.53 0.88 $14.63 $30,420
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 249,650 90.99 0.99 $11.19 $23,270
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 237,690 82.63 0.90 $12.89 $26,800
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 231,990 82.91 0.90 $15.63 $32,500