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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

51-0000 Production Occupations (Major Group)

Production Occupations comprises the following occupations: First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers; Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers; Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers; Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Assemblers, Except Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers; Engine and Other Machine Assemblers; Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters; Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators; Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters; Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators; Bakers; Butchers and Meat Cutters; Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers; Slaughterers and Meat Packers; Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders; Food Batchmakers; Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders; Food Processing Workers, All Other; Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Machinists; Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders; Pourers and Casters, Metal; Model Makers, Metal and Plastic; Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic; Foundry Mold and Coremakers; Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Tool and Die Makers; Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers; Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic; Plating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic; Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners; Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other; Prepress Technicians and Workers; Printing Press Operators; Print Binding and Finishing Workers; Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers; Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials; Sewing Machine Operators; Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers; Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders; Sewers, Hand; Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers; Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders; Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers; Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers; Upholsterers; Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other; Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters; Furniture Finishers; Model Makers, Wood; Patternmakers, Wood; Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood; Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing; Woodworkers, All Other; Nuclear Power Reactor Operators; Power Distributors and Dispatchers; Power Plant Operators; Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators; Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators; Chemical Plant and System Operators; Gas Plant Operators; Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers; Plant and System Operators, All Other; Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders; Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand; Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Cutters and Trimmers, Hand; Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders; Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers; Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers; Dental Laboratory Technicians; Medical Appliance Technicians; Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians; Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders; Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers; Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Semiconductor Processing Technicians; Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators; Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators; Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers; Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders; Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders; Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders; Etchers and Engravers; Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic; Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders; Tire Builders; Helpers--Production Workers; Production Workers, All Other


National estimates for Production Occupations
Industry profile for Production Occupations
Geographic profile for Production Occupations

National estimates for Production Occupations: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Production Occupations:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
8,519,410 0.3 % $ 20.08 $ 41,760 0.2 %

Percentile wage estimates for Production Occupations:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 11.85 $ 14.12 $ 18.00 $ 24.00 $ 31.41
Annual Wage (2) $ 24,650 $ 29,360 $ 37,440 $ 49,910 $ 65,330


Industry profile for Production Occupations: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Production Occupations are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Production Occupations, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Production Occupations:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Employment Services 575,690 17.99 $ 15.69 $ 32,640
Machinery Manufacturing (3331, 3332, 3334, and 3339 only) 359,800 50.00 $ 20.90 $ 43,480
Plastics Product Manufacturing 329,400 58.68 $ 18.23 $ 37,920
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 312,820 58.81 $ 15.99 $ 33,260
Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing 308,700 64.83 $ 19.89 $ 41,370

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Production Occupations:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Motor Vehicle Manufacturing 161,500 74.63 $ 24.56 $ 51,080
Motor Vehicle Body and Trailer Manufacturing 102,260 69.55 $ 19.85 $ 41,280
Machine Shops; Turned Product; and Screw, Nut, and Bolt Manufacturing 237,900 69.35 $ 21.92 $ 45,580
Fiber, Yarn, and Thread Mills 14,940 69.24 $ 15.60 $ 32,450
Foundries 72,340 68.16 $ 20.26 $ 42,140

Top paying industries for Production Occupations:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution 47,310 12.45 $ 42.57 $ 88,540
Natural Gas Distribution 11,240 10.43 $ 41.30 $ 85,900
Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil 3,090 25.60 $ 40.13 $ 83,470
Oil and Gas Extraction 7,830 6.29 $ 37.26 $ 77,500
Other Pipeline Transportation 3,310 40.59 $ 35.46 $ 73,750


Geographic profile for Production Occupations: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Production Occupations are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Production Occupations, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Production Occupations:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 794,720 48.37 0.79 $ 21.03 $ 43,740
Texas 672,730 55.59 0.91 $ 19.99 $ 41,580
Ohio 464,130 90.34 1.48 $ 19.69 $ 40,960
Illinois 405,280 72.02 1.18 $ 20.05 $ 41,710
Michigan 398,810 101.63 1.66 $ 20.42 $ 42,470




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Production Occupations:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 347,240 118.98 1.94 $ 19.83 $ 41,250
Wisconsin 313,570 115.71 1.89 $ 20.00 $ 41,600
Alabama 202,530 106.41 1.74 $ 18.38 $ 38,240
Michigan 398,810 101.63 1.66 $ 20.42 $ 42,470
Kentucky 172,360 96.69 1.58 $ 19.90 $ 41,400




Top paying states for Production Occupations:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 5,200 7.56 0.12 $ 28.17 $ 58,600
Wyoming 12,640 48.29 0.79 $ 27.88 $ 58,000
Alaska 9,690 32.70 0.53 $ 24.57 $ 51,100
Washington 168,080 52.61 0.86 $ 24.17 $ 50,270
Louisiana 100,060 55.55 0.91 $ 23.97 $ 49,870





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Production Occupations:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 320,810 55.10 0.90 $ 20.09 $ 41,780
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 294,700 67.56 1.10 $ 20.22 $ 42,050
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 257,690 29.17 0.48 $ 21.28 $ 44,260
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 197,330 54.99 0.90 $ 18.88 $ 39,270
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 185,630 62.53 1.02 $ 22.29 $ 46,370
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI 170,250 95.67 1.56 $ 21.51 $ 44,740
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 138,430 52.58 0.86 $ 18.32 $ 38,100
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 122,310 66.15 1.08 $ 21.49 $ 44,710
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 112,300 41.64 0.68 $ 21.71 $ 45,160
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 98,040 37.68 0.62 $ 22.47 $ 46,730




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Production Occupations:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Elkhart-Goshen, IN 45,210 359.00 5.86 $ 19.98 $ 41,550
Dalton, GA 14,550 242.41 3.96 $ 16.13 $ 33,550
Sheboygan, WI 13,460 233.21 3.81 $ 20.30 $ 42,220
Kokomo, IN 8,060 222.19 3.63 (8) (8)
Morristown, TN 8,960 205.03 3.35 $ 16.95 $ 35,260
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 29,530 204.27 3.34 $ 17.82 $ 37,070
Wausau, WI 12,140 177.23 2.89 $ 21.05 $ 43,790
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 16,090 176.16 2.88 $ 20.95 $ 43,570
Decatur, AL 9,150 168.92 2.76 $ 21.24 $ 44,180
Spartanburg, SC 26,120 168.57 2.75 $ 20.81 $ 43,280