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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.


National estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders
Industry profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders
Geographic profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

National estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
21,050 3.3 % $ 17.44 $ 36,280 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 11.29 $ 13.97 $ 17.06 $ 20.85 $ 23.48
Annual Wage (2) $ 23,480 $ 29,060 $ 35,480 $ 43,380 $ 48,840


Industry profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Food Manufacturing 4,050 1.73 $ 18.34 $ 38,140
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 2,780 0.53 $ 16.48 $ 34,280
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing 2,480 1.45 $ 15.68 $ 32,620
Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing 2,230 0.76 $ 16.97 $ 35,300
Restaurants and Other Eating Places 1,350 0.01 $ 16.78 $ 34,910

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Tobacco Manufacturing 890 8.30 $ 23.36 $ 48,600
Other Food Manufacturing 4,050 1.73 $ 18.34 $ 38,140
Grain and Oilseed Milling 990 1.57 $ 24.29 $ 50,530
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing 2,480 1.45 $ 15.68 $ 32,620
Animal Food Manufacturing 870 1.30 $ 16.94 $ 35,230

Top paying industries for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Grain and Oilseed Milling 990 1.57 $ 24.29 $ 50,530
Tobacco Manufacturing 890 8.30 $ 23.36 $ 48,600
Dairy Product Manufacturing 720 0.47 $ 20.36 $ 42,340
Other Food Manufacturing 4,050 1.73 $ 18.34 $ 38,140
Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging 240 0.82 $ 17.65 $ 36,720


Geographic profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 2,420 0.20 1.33 $ 13.81 $ 28,720
California 1,180 0.07 0.48 $ 19.48 $ 40,520
Minnesota 1,160 0.42 2.83 $ 20.51 $ 42,650
North Carolina 940 0.21 1.42 $ 21.85 $ 45,450
New York 890 0.10 0.69 $ 15.96 $ 33,190


Map of location quotient of food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Vermont 260 0.90 6.03 $ 16.91 $ 35,180
Nebraska 600 0.62 4.17 $ 17.79 $ 36,990
Oklahoma 760 0.49 3.28 $ 18.84 $ 39,190
South Dakota 180 0.43 2.90 $ 18.26 $ 37,970
Minnesota 1,160 0.42 2.83 $ 20.51 $ 42,650


Map of annual mean wages of food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Dakota 50 0.13 0.85 $ 24.03 $ 49,980
Iowa 300 0.20 1.34 $ 22.03 $ 45,830
North Carolina 940 0.21 1.42 $ 21.85 $ 45,450
Minnesota 1,160 0.42 2.83 $ 20.51 $ 42,650
South Carolina 120 0.06 0.40 $ 20.21 $ 42,030



Map of employment of food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 760 0.09 0.58 $ 15.78 $ 32,820
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 750 0.21 1.40 $ 14.25 $ 29,640
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 400 0.22 1.48 $ 19.76 $ 41,100
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 340 0.30 2.03 $ 20.20 $ 42,010
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 340 0.13 0.86 $ 15.16 $ 31,520
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 300 0.05 0.35 $ 19.15 $ 39,830
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 250 0.06 0.39 $ 18.55 $ 38,580
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 240 0.47 3.13 $ 14.25 $ 29,630
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 240 0.12 0.82 $ 21.68 $ 45,090
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 230 0.56 3.74 $ 16.59 $ 34,500


Map of location quotient of food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Twin Falls, ID 130 2.74 18.35 $ 14.85 $ 30,880
Harrisonburg, VA 90 1.40 9.37 $ 14.73 $ 30,630
Burlington-South Burlington, VT 140 1.22 8.20 $ 18.22 $ 37,900
Logan, UT-ID 60 0.93 6.25 $ 21.36 $ 44,420
Sioux Falls, SD 110 0.74 4.93 $ 16.79 $ 34,920
Hanford-Corcoran, CA 30 0.73 4.89 $ 17.59 $ 36,580
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 60 0.68 4.53 $ 20.83 $ 43,320
St. Cloud, MN 60 0.65 4.35 $ 19.87 $ 41,330
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 230 0.56 3.74 $ 16.59 $ 34,500
Provo-Orem, UT 150 0.55 3.67 $ 20.64 $ 42,920


Map of annual mean wages of food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL (8) (8) (8) $ 26.72 $ 55,570
Cedar Rapids, IA 50 0.33 2.24 $ 26.62 $ 55,380
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 110 0.05 0.33 $ 23.03 $ 47,900
Lancaster, PA 100 0.43 2.90 $ 22.46 $ 46,720
Modesto, CA 80 0.46 3.09 $ 21.82 $ 45,390
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 240 0.12 0.82 $ 21.68 $ 45,090
York-Hanover, PA 70 0.42 2.78 $ 21.57 $ 44,870
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (8) (8) (8) $ 21.54 $ 44,810
Logan, UT-ID 60 0.93 6.25 $ 21.36 $ 44,420
Fort Collins, CO 30 0.19 1.27 $ 21.10 $ 43,890

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 350 2.39 16.02 $ 22.30 $ 46,390
North Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 170 0.63 4.21 $ 12.75 $ 26,520
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 160 1.10 7.37 $ 11.16 $ 23,220
Southwest Missouri nonmetropolitan area 150 2.08 13.92 $ 17.58 $ 36,560
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 1.32 8.85 $ 15.54 $ 32,330

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 350 2.39 16.02 $ 22.30 $ 46,390
Southwest Missouri nonmetropolitan area 150 2.08 13.92 $ 17.58 $ 36,560
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 1.32 8.85 $ 15.54 $ 32,330
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 120 1.23 8.21 $ 16.01 $ 33,310
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 160 1.10 7.37 $ 11.16 $ 23,220

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 80 0.36 2.42 $ 22.99 $ 47,810
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 350 2.39 16.02 $ 22.30 $ 46,390
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 50 0.42 2.78 $ 21.87 $ 45,480
Southeast Coastal North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 70 0.28 1.90 $ 20.89 $ 43,440
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 40 0.22 1.48 $ 20.48 $ 42,600


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022