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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

27-3043 Writers and Authors

Originate and prepare written material, such as scripts, stories, advertisements, and other material. Excludes “News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists” (27-3023), “Public Relations Specialists” (27-3031), and “Technical Writers” (27-3042).


National estimates for Writers and Authors
Industry profile for Writers and Authors
Geographic profile for Writers and Authors

National estimates for Writers and Authors:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Writers and Authors:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
49,410 5.5 % $ 39.00 $ 81,120 7.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for Writers and Authors:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 18.51 $ 23.74 $ 33.42 $ 48.60 $ 64.22
Annual Wage (2) $ 38,500 $ 49,390 $ 69,510 $ 101,080 $ 133,580


Industry profile for Writers and Authors:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Writers and Authors are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Writers and Authors, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Writers and Authors:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 7,650 1.76 $ 38.59 $ 80,270
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 4,040 1.63 $ 31.34 $ 65,190
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 3,420 0.22 $ 37.00 $ 76,950
Other Information Services 3,280 0.91 $ 34.58 $ 71,920
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 2,210 0.10 $ 32.36 $ 67,310

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Writers and Authors:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 7,650 1.76 $ 38.59 $ 80,270
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 4,040 1.63 $ 31.34 $ 65,190
Other Information Services 3,280 0.91 $ 34.58 $ 71,920
Grantmaking and Giving Services 900 0.65 $ 37.09 $ 77,150
Sound Recording Industries 90 0.53 $ 25.13 $ 52,270

Top paying industries for Writers and Authors:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Motion Picture and Video Industries (8) (8) $ 59.68 $ 124,120
Securities, Commodity Contracts, and Other Financial Investments and Related Activities 390 0.04 $ 56.45 $ 117,420
Nondepository Credit Intermediation 90 0.02 $ 52.01 $ 108,180
Cable and Other Subscription Programming 170 0.36 $ 50.52 $ 105,070
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 1,030 0.05 $ 50.48 $ 105,000


Geographic profile for Writers and Authors:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Writers and Authors are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Writers and Authors, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of writers and authors by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Writers and Authors:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 10,020 0.61 1.73 $ 53.42 $ 111,110
New York 6,140 0.71 2.02 $ 47.36 $ 98,510
Illinois 3,150 0.56 1.60 $ 35.27 $ 73,370
Texas 1,970 0.16 0.46 $ 30.42 $ 63,270
District of Columbia 1,620 2.44 6.96 $ 44.81 $ 93,210


Map of location quotient of writers and authors by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Writers and Authors:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 1,620 2.44 6.96 $ 44.81 $ 93,210
Vermont 220 0.78 2.22 $ 37.27 $ 77,510
New York 6,140 0.71 2.02 $ 47.36 $ 98,510
California 10,020 0.61 1.73 $ 53.42 $ 111,110
Illinois 3,150 0.56 1.60 $ 35.27 $ 73,370


Map of annual mean wages of writers and authors by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Writers and Authors:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 10,020 0.61 1.73 $ 53.42 $ 111,110
New York 6,140 0.71 2.02 $ 47.36 $ 98,510
District of Columbia 1,620 2.44 6.96 $ 44.81 $ 93,210
Massachusetts 1,410 0.41 1.18 $ 41.84 $ 87,020
Connecticut 770 0.49 1.39 $ 41.44 $ 86,200



Map of employment of writers and authors by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Writers and Authors:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 6,580 1.15 3.28 $ 56.33 $ 117,170
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 6,220 0.72 2.04 $ 44.77 $ 93,120
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 2,850 0.67 1.92 $ 36.22 $ 75,330
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,810 0.96 2.73 $ 43.52 $ 90,520
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,430 0.64 1.82 $ 57.03 $ 118,620
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 1,250 0.48 1.38 $ 42.98 $ 89,390
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 970 0.53 1.52 $ 32.27 $ 67,120
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 910 0.35 1.00 $ 35.78 $ 74,420
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 880 0.46 1.31 $ 38.26 $ 79,580
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 670 0.25 0.72 $ 33.84 $ 70,400


Map of location quotient of writers and authors by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Writers and Authors:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 6,580 1.15 3.28 $ 56.33 $ 117,170
Boulder, CO 200 1.08 3.09 $ 38.78 $ 80,670
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,810 0.96 2.73 $ 43.52 $ 90,520
Portsmouth, NH-ME 70 0.81 2.31 $ 31.91 $ 66,380
Ithaca, NY 40 0.80 2.29 $ 47.51 $ 98,820
Charlottesville, VA 80 0.78 2.23 $ 32.42 $ 67,430
Provo-Orem, UT 200 0.74 2.10 $ 26.65 $ 55,430
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 6,220 0.72 2.04 $ 44.77 $ 93,120
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 260 0.70 2.00 $ 48.37 $ 100,610
Kingston, NY 40 0.68 1.93 (8) (8)


Map of annual mean wages of writers and authors by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Writers and Authors:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,430 0.64 1.82 $ 57.03 $ 118,620
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 6,580 1.15 3.28 $ 56.33 $ 117,170
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 330 0.31 0.88 $ 55.79 $ 116,030
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 260 0.70 2.00 $ 48.37 $ 100,610
Ithaca, NY 40 0.80 2.29 $ 47.51 $ 98,820
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 6,220 0.72 2.04 $ 44.77 $ 93,120
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,810 0.96 2.73 $ 43.52 $ 90,520
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 1,250 0.48 1.38 $ 42.98 $ 89,390
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 320 0.23 0.66 $ 42.39 $ 88,160
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 140 0.33 0.95 $ 42.18 $ 87,740

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Writers and Authors:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 50 0.56 1.59 $ 33.43 $ 69,540
Central East New York nonmetropolitan area 50 0.35 0.99 (8) (8)
Northern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 50 0.78 2.21 $ 27.14 $ 56,460
North Northeastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area (noncontiguous) 40 0.13 0.38 $ 24.56 $ 51,090
Mountain North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 40 0.33 0.93 $ 27.03 $ 56,220

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Writers and Authors:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 50 0.78 2.21 $ 27.14 $ 56,460
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 50 0.56 1.59 $ 33.43 $ 69,540
Southeast-Central Idaho nonmetropolitan area 40 0.44 1.27 $ 19.97 $ 41,550
Central East New York nonmetropolitan area 50 0.35 0.99 (8) (8)
Mountain North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 40 0.33 0.93 $ 27.03 $ 56,220

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Writers and Authors:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 35.71 $ 74,290
West Central-Southwest New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 50 0.56 1.59 $ 33.43 $ 69,540
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 40 0.20 0.56 $ 29.70 $ 61,770
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 0.73 $ 28.98 $ 60,270
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 40 0.16 0.45 $ 27.43 $ 57,050


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022