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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

27-3091 Interpreters and Translators

Interpret oral or sign language, or translate written text from one language into another.


National estimates for Interpreters and Translators
Industry profile for Interpreters and Translators
Geographic profile for Interpreters and Translators

National estimates for Interpreters and Translators:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Interpreters and Translators:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
52,170 2.9 % $ 28.08 $ 58,400 1.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for Interpreters and Translators:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 14.11 $ 18.38 $ 23.61 $ 36.51 $ 47.00
Annual Wage (2) $ 29,360 $ 38,230 $ 49,110 $ 75,940 $ 97,760


Industry profile for Interpreters and Translators:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Interpreters and Translators are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Interpreters and Translators, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Interpreters and Translators:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 20,490 2.69 $ 29.31 $ 60,970
Elementary and Secondary Schools 9,710 0.12 $ 25.13 $ 52,260
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals 4,990 0.09 $ 28.42 $ 59,110
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 2,020 0.04 $ 28.30 $ 58,870
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 1,450 0.05 $ 37.09 $ 77,140

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Interpreters and Translators:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 20,490 2.69 $ 29.31 $ 60,970
Community Food and Housing, and Emergency and Other Relief Services 520 0.27 $ 19.57 $ 40,710
Junior Colleges 1,340 0.22 $ 35.72 $ 74,300
Educational Support Services 350 0.18 $ 24.55 $ 51,070
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 180 0.14 $ 14.73 $ 30,640

Top paying industries for Interpreters and Translators:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Securities, Commodity Contracts, and Other Financial Investments and Related Activities 30 (7) $ 60.04 $ 124,890
Federal Executive Branch (OEWS Designation) 390 0.02 $ 43.53 $ 90,550
Software Publishers 300 0.06 $ 38.19 $ 79,440
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 1,450 0.05 $ 37.09 $ 77,140
Junior Colleges 1,340 0.22 $ 35.72 $ 74,300


Geographic profile for Interpreters and Translators:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Interpreters and Translators are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Interpreters and Translators, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of interpreters and translators by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Interpreters and Translators:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 6,970 0.42 1.14 $ 35.33 $ 73,490
Texas 5,420 0.44 1.20 $ 25.43 $ 52,890
Florida 3,230 0.38 1.01 $ 24.63 $ 51,230
New York 2,750 0.32 0.86 $ 38.77 $ 80,640
North Carolina 2,380 0.54 1.45 $ 28.87 $ 60,050


Map of location quotient of interpreters and translators by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Interpreters and Translators:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nevada 1,110 0.86 2.33 $ 14.46 $ 30,070
Arizona 2,350 0.81 2.20 $ 18.19 $ 37,840
Minnesota 2,120 0.78 2.10 $ 28.57 $ 59,430
District of Columbia 500 0.75 2.03 $ 46.88 $ 97,510
Massachusetts 2,060 0.61 1.64 $ 34.81 $ 72,410


Map of annual mean wages of interpreters and translators by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Interpreters and Translators:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 500 0.75 2.03 $ 46.88 $ 97,510
New York 2,750 0.32 0.86 $ 38.77 $ 80,640
Virginia 1,670 0.45 1.20 $ 36.86 $ 76,670
California 6,970 0.42 1.14 $ 35.33 $ 73,490
Connecticut 210 0.13 0.36 $ 35.06 $ 72,920



Map of employment of interpreters and translators by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Interpreters and Translators:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 2,150 0.25 0.67 $ 40.81 $ 84,880
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,030 0.69 1.87 $ 43.11 $ 89,670
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 2,010 0.35 0.95 $ 34.31 $ 71,370
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 1,840 0.64 1.72 $ 24.37 $ 50,680
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 1,590 0.87 2.35 $ 29.48 $ 61,310
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 1,580 0.61 1.65 $ 36.23 $ 75,360
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 1,550 0.73 1.97 $ 18.56 $ 38,600
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,170 0.52 1.41 $ 40.82 $ 84,910
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 1,170 0.32 0.88 $ 25.37 $ 52,760
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 1,090 0.26 0.69 $ 25.21 $ 52,430


Map of location quotient of interpreters and translators by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Interpreters and Translators:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Salinas, CA 430 2.54 6.85 $ 36.64 $ 76,220
Tucson, AZ 730 2.01 5.42 $ 16.88 $ 35,110
Manchester, NH 160 1.53 4.13 $ 23.78 $ 49,450
Asheville, NC 260 1.41 3.80 $ 33.50 $ 69,680
Grand Forks, ND-MN 60 1.17 3.16 $ 19.10 $ 39,720
Lubbock, TX 150 1.04 2.82 $ 28.34 $ 58,960
Sioux Falls, SD 160 1.01 2.72 $ 19.38 $ 40,300
Portland-South Portland, ME 180 0.93 2.52 $ 26.42 $ 54,940
Rochester, NY 420 0.88 2.39 $ 31.37 $ 65,250
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 1,590 0.87 2.35 $ 29.48 $ 61,310


Map of annual mean wages of interpreters and translators by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Interpreters and Translators:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 2,030 0.69 1.87 $ 43.11 $ 89,670
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,170 0.52 1.41 $ 40.82 $ 84,910
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 2,150 0.25 0.67 $ 40.81 $ 84,880
Santa Rosa, CA 90 0.45 1.22 $ 40.79 $ 84,850
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 50 0.14 0.38 $ 39.84 $ 82,860
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 560 0.57 1.55 $ 38.82 $ 80,740
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 410 0.38 1.03 $ 38.70 $ 80,500
Salinas, CA 430 2.54 6.85 $ 36.64 $ 76,220
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 550 0.39 1.07 $ 36.26 $ 75,420
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 1,580 0.61 1.65 $ 36.23 $ 75,360

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Interpreters and Translators:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 130 0.34 0.92 $ 17.18 $ 35,740
Southeast Coastal North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 90 0.38 1.03 $ 18.26 $ 37,970
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 80 0.42 1.12 $ 24.79 $ 51,570
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 80 0.47 1.26 $ 25.21 $ 52,450
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 70 0.33 0.88 $ 22.83 $ 47,490

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Interpreters and Translators:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 60 0.59 1.60 $ 20.88 $ 43,440
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 50 0.53 1.44 $ 19.70 $ 40,970
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 50 0.53 1.43 $ 27.40 $ 57,000
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area 30 0.48 1.29 $ 30.83 $ 64,130
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 80 0.47 1.26 $ 25.21 $ 52,450

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Interpreters and Translators:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area 30 0.48 1.29 $ 30.83 $ 64,130
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area 40 0.39 1.06 $ 28.80 $ 59,910
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 40 0.34 0.91 $ 27.62 $ 57,450
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 50 0.53 1.43 $ 27.40 $ 57,000
Western Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 40 0.29 0.79 $ 25.99 $ 54,060


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022