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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers

Under supervision, perform manual labor necessary to develop, maintain, or protect areas such as forests, forested areas, woodlands, wetlands, and rangelands through such activities as raising and transporting seedlings; combating insects, pests, and diseases harmful to plant life; and building structures to control water, erosion, and leaching of soil. Includes forester aides, seedling pullers, tree planters, and gatherers of nontimber forestry products such as pine straw.


National estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers
Industry profile for Forest and Conservation Workers
Geographic profile for Forest and Conservation Workers

National estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
6,300 12.1 % $ 16.20 $ 33,690 1.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 12.43 $ 14.19 $ 14.69 $ 17.71 $ 22.64
Annual Wage (2) $ 25,850 $ 29,510 $ 30,550 $ 36,830 $ 47,090


Industry profile for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Forest and Conservation Workers are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Forest and Conservation Workers, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 2,820 0.13 $ 15.92 $ 33,110
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,080 0.02 $ 15.87 $ 33,010
Social Advocacy Organizations 650 0.29 $ 18.28 $ 38,020
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 70 0.00 $ 17.63 $ 36,660
Logging 60 0.12 $ 19.17 $ 39,870

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Social Advocacy Organizations 650 0.29 $ 18.28 $ 38,020
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 2,820 0.13 $ 15.92 $ 33,110
Logging 60 0.12 $ 19.17 $ 39,870
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 50 0.04 $ 16.21 $ 33,720
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 1,080 0.02 $ 15.87 $ 33,010

Top paying industries for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution (8) (8) $ 22.39 $ 46,560
Services to Buildings and Dwellings 50 (7) $ 20.38 $ 42,390
Logging 60 0.12 $ 19.17 $ 39,870
Social Advocacy Organizations 650 0.29 $ 18.28 $ 38,020
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 70 (7) $ 17.63 $ 36,660


Geographic profile for Forest and Conservation Workers:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Forest and Conservation Workers are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Forest and Conservation Workers, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of forest and conservation workers by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Forest and Conservation Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,720 0.16 3.68 $ 15.15 $ 31,520
South Dakota 450 1.06 23.77 $ 14.70 $ 30,570
Tennessee 270 0.09 2.00 $ 13.06 $ 27,160
Delaware 240 0.55 12.26 $ 16.87 $ 35,080
Wisconsin 190 0.07 1.52 $ 12.48 $ 25,950


Map of location quotient of forest and conservation workers by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Forest and Conservation Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 450 1.06 23.77 $ 14.70 $ 30,570
Delaware 240 0.55 12.26 $ 16.87 $ 35,080
Hawaii 170 0.31 7.01 $ 19.23 $ 40,000
California 2,720 0.16 3.68 $ 15.15 $ 31,520
Utah 160 0.10 2.30 $ 17.24 $ 35,860


Map of annual mean wages of forest and conservation workers by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Forest and Conservation Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Arkansas (8) (8) (8) $ 23.76 $ 49,420
Michigan 60 0.01 0.31 $ 23.56 $ 49,010
Pennsylvania 180 0.03 0.73 $ 23.43 $ 48,740
Maryland (8) (8) (8) $ 22.48 $ 46,760
Massachusetts 130 0.04 0.82 $ 21.31 $ 44,320



Map of employment of forest and conservation workers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 700 0.12 2.74 $ 14.76 $ 30,690
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 370 0.38 8.47 $ 15.02 $ 31,240
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 210 0.13 3.00 $ 14.82 $ 30,820
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 150 0.06 1.26 $ 18.33 $ 38,130
Salt Lake City, UT 150 0.20 4.39 $ 17.48 $ 36,360
Sioux Falls, SD 120 0.76 17.08 $ 14.48 $ 30,120
Fresno, CA 80 0.22 4.94 $ 17.66 $ 36,730
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 60 0.02 0.51 $ 20.77 $ 43,190
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 60 0.03 0.58 $ 19.91 $ 41,400
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 50 0.78 17.38 $ 19.47 $ 40,500


Map of location quotient of forest and conservation workers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 50 0.78 17.38 $ 19.47 $ 40,500
Sioux Falls, SD 120 0.76 17.08 $ 14.48 $ 30,120
Rapid City, SD 30 0.48 10.68 $ 17.45 $ 36,290
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 370 0.38 8.47 $ 15.02 $ 31,240
Eugene, OR 40 0.25 5.70 $ 17.97 $ 37,370
Fresno, CA 80 0.22 4.94 $ 17.66 $ 36,730
Salt Lake City, UT 150 0.20 4.39 $ 17.48 $ 36,360
Chattanooga, TN-GA 30 0.14 3.10 $ 11.90 $ 24,750
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 210 0.13 3.00 $ 14.82 $ 30,820
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 700 0.12 2.74 $ 14.76 $ 30,690


Map of annual mean wages of forest and conservation workers by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 60 0.02 0.51 $ 20.77 $ 43,190
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 60 0.03 0.58 $ 19.91 $ 41,400
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 50 0.78 17.38 $ 19.47 $ 40,500
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 40 0.00 0.10 $ 18.66 $ 38,820
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 150 0.06 1.26 $ 18.33 $ 38,130
Eugene, OR 40 0.25 5.70 $ 17.97 $ 37,370
Fresno, CA 80 0.22 4.94 $ 17.66 $ 36,730
Salt Lake City, UT 150 0.20 4.39 $ 17.48 $ 36,360
Rapid City, SD 30 0.48 10.68 $ 17.45 $ 36,290
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (8) (8) (8) $ 17.26 $ 35,910

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 170 1.37 30.57 $ 14.70 $ 30,570
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 120 2.06 46.16 $ 14.21 $ 29,550
Hawaii / Kauai nonmetropolitan area 70 0.79 17.61 $ 19.58 $ 40,730
North Valley-Northern Mountains Region of California nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 9.34 $ 15.69 $ 32,630
East Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 40 0.28 6.23 $ 13.50 $ 28,070

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Forest and Conservation Workers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 120 2.06 46.16 $ 14.21 $ 29,550
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 170 1.37 30.57 $ 14.70 $ 30,570
Hawaii / Kauai nonmetropolitan area 70 0.79 17.61 $ 19.58 $ 40,730
North Valley-Northern Mountains Region of California nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 9.34 $ 15.69 $ 32,630
East Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 40 0.28 6.23 $ 13.50 $ 28,070

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Forest and Conservation Workers:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Hawaii / Kauai nonmetropolitan area 70 0.79 17.61 $ 19.58 $ 40,730
North Valley-Northern Mountains Region of California nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 9.34 $ 15.69 $ 32,630
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 170 1.37 30.57 $ 14.70 $ 30,570
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 120 2.06 46.16 $ 14.21 $ 29,550
East Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 40 0.28 6.23 $ 13.50 $ 28,070


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022