May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet).

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet) is part of: Sector 51 - Information.

Industries within NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet):

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NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Group Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 719,090 1.4% 100.00% $30.14 $37.48 $77,960 3.3%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 64,910 4.6% 9.03% $65.70 $72.19 $150,150 1.2%
11-1000 Top Executives minor 20,510 3.0% 2.85% $66.09 $75.57 $157,180 1.1%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 2,360 4.7% 0.33% (5) $106.59 $221,700 2.2%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 18,150 3.1% 2.52% $62.46 $71.52 $148,770 1.2%
11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers minor 14,690 5.3% 2.04% $65.70 $70.71 $147,090 1.6%
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers detail 1,340 6.1% 0.19% $39.79 $47.36 $98,500 3.5%
11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers broad 12,760 5.9% 1.77% $68.04 $72.95 $151,740 1.6%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 6,250 7.2% 0.87% $69.71 $74.46 $154,890 2.0%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 6,510 5.4% 0.90% $66.34 $71.50 $148,710 2.0%
11-2031 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers detail 590 13.0% 0.08% $65.92 $75.26 $156,530 6.3%
11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers minor 24,380 7.4% 3.39% $66.82 $72.04 $149,840 2.0%
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers detail 2,000 6.5% 0.28% $47.78 $53.48 $111,230 2.7%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 13,800 11.9% 1.92% $71.30 $76.68 $159,490 2.0%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 4,560 2.5% 0.63% $69.74 $76.22 $158,540 2.3%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 1,010 8.3% 0.14% $47.76 $52.99 $110,230 2.8%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers detail 290 18.2% 0.04% $63.83 $64.86 $134,910 5.0%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 600 8.6% 0.08% $42.96 $47.82 $99,460 4.5%
11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers detail 180 10.1% 0.03% $59.81 $64.94 $135,070 4.2%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 1,430 6.5% 0.20% $60.59 $67.13 $139,640 2.3%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers detail 510 11.0% 0.07% $59.33 $68.46 $142,400 6.8%
11-9000 Other Management Occupations minor 5,330 3.6% 0.74% $59.14 $63.92 $132,950 2.6%
11-9030 Education Administrators broad 40 15.3% 0.01% $58.98 $59.55 $123,870 5.5%
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other detail 30 14.5% (7) $62.47 $62.43 $129,860 9.4%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 350 12.5% 0.05% $70.89 $75.64 $157,340 2.9%
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers detail 30 31.4% (7) $75.40 $79.10 $164,530 7.6%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 4,900 4.1% 0.68% $57.64 $63.05 $131,140 2.9%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 62,710 3.4% 8.72% $37.24 $41.39 $86,100 4.7%
13-1000 Business Operations Specialists minor 48,680 4.4% 6.77% $37.16 $41.35 $86,010 5.1%
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents broad 1,240 5.9% 0.17% $32.97 $35.02 $72,840 2.9%
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products detail 130 18.5% 0.02% $32.97 $35.83 $74,530 10.7%
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products detail 1,110 6.5% 0.15% $33.04 $34.98 $72,760 2.5%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 70 19.4% 0.01% $34.06 $35.99 $74,860 4.0%
13-1070 Human Resources Workers broad 4,310 4.3% 0.60% $35.51 $39.27 $81,680 3.7%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 4,290 4.3% 0.60% $35.50 $39.26 $81,650 3.7%
13-1081 Logisticians detail 830 13.6% 0.12% $37.85 $41.39 $86,080 5.9%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 8,170 17.5% 1.14% $47.10 $49.98 $103,950 6.1%
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners detail 1,050 7.2% 0.15% $25.38 $28.29 $58,840 3.2%
13-1131 Fundraisers detail 60 23.2% 0.01% $23.61 $28.26 $58,790 8.4%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists detail 570 5.9% 0.08% $34.93 $37.62 $78,240 3.2%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 3,450 6.4% 0.48% $33.27 $35.13 $73,070 1.9%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 20,280 6.3% 2.82% $35.04 $39.55 $82,270 3.8%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 6,480 6.1% 0.90% $36.86 $40.12 $83,440 2.9%
13-2000 Financial Specialists minor 14,020 4.8% 1.95% $37.46 $41.54 $86,390 3.5%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 10,230 4.2% 1.42% $35.50 $39.36 $81,870 3.0%
13-2031 Budget Analysts detail 150 13.7% 0.02% $41.29 $42.14 $87,650 2.9%
13-2041 Credit Analysts detail 150 19.4% 0.02% $31.22 $33.75 $70,200 4.0%
13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors broad 3,090 12.7% 0.43% $45.61 $48.89 $101,680 3.4%
13-2051 Financial Analysts detail 3,090 12.7% 0.43% $45.65 $48.91 $101,740 3.4%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 320 24.4% 0.04% $42.80 $46.30 $96,300 10.6%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 202,660 4.3% 28.18% $45.67 $48.03 $99,910 4.4%
15-1100 Computer Occupations minor 200,890 4.4% 27.94% $45.73 $48.08 $100,010 4.4%
15-1111 Computer and Information Research Scientists detail 1,660 40.5% 0.23% $60.46 $63.54 $132,170 8.5%
15-1120 Computer and Information Analysts broad 13,160 6.4% 1.83% $41.82 $44.75 $93,080 1.3%
15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts detail 11,950 6.7% 1.66% $41.44 $44.37 $92,300 1.4%
15-1122 Information Security Analysts detail 1,200 8.3% 0.17% $45.82 $48.49 $100,850 1.9%
15-1130 Software Developers and Programmers broad 139,100 7.3% 19.34% $50.39 $52.43 $109,050 4.6%
15-1131 Computer Programmers detail 19,670 12.2% 2.74% $44.07 $46.09 $95,870 8.1%
15-1132 Software Developers, Applications detail 86,560 8.0% 12.04% $53.01 $55.35 $115,130 4.7%
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software detail 24,940 5.1% 3.47% $50.11 $52.24 $108,660 1.7%
15-1134 Web Developers detail 7,920 6.4% 1.10% $32.53 $36.84 $76,620 6.0%
15-1140 Database and Systems Administrators and Network Architects broad 12,970 4.8% 1.80% $43.46 $45.55 $94,740 1.1%
15-1141 Database Administrators detail 3,150 8.0% 0.44% $41.44 $42.47 $88,330 2.2%
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 7,120 3.9% 0.99% $40.45 $42.93 $89,290 1.4%
15-1143 Computer Network Architects detail 2,700 12.8% 0.38% $55.42 $56.04 $116,560 1.6%
15-1150 Computer Support Specialists broad 26,470 4.6% 3.68% $26.36 $28.85 $60,000 1.7%
15-1151 Computer User Support Specialists detail 22,970 4.2% 3.19% $25.51 $27.78 $57,780 1.6%
15-1152 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 3,500 10.7% 0.49% $32.58 $35.87 $74,600 3.0%
15-1199 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 7,540 5.9% 1.05% $40.24 $42.26 $87,890 2.1%
15-2000 Mathematical Science Occupations minor 1,770 8.1% 0.25% $40.75 $42.16 $87,690 2.2%
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts detail 1,450 8.9% 0.20% $40.84 $42.22 $87,810 2.4%
15-2041 Statisticians detail 290 17.4% 0.04% $39.14 $39.88 $82,950 4.6%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 3,500 14.5% 0.49% $47.96 $50.76 $105,580 5.7%
17-1000 Architects, Surveyors, and Cartographers minor 280 33.0% 0.04% $36.97 $42.16 $87,690 10.4%
17-1020 Surveyors, Cartographers, and Photogrammetrists broad 150 12.5% 0.02% $24.86 $26.32 $54,750 5.3%
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists detail 150 12.5% 0.02% $24.86 $26.32 $54,750 5.3%
17-2000 Engineers minor 2,910 17.1% 0.40% $51.09 $53.98 $112,280 5.6%
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers detail 1,400 31.7% 0.19% $58.94 $59.62 $124,010 7.1%
17-2070 Electrical and Electronics Engineers broad 510 18.4% 0.07% $49.26 $52.04 $108,240 3.1%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 330 26.5% 0.05% $47.07 $50.44 $104,910 4.1%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer detail 180 14.4% 0.02% $53.96 $55.01 $114,430 3.3%
17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety broad 550 19.0% 0.08% $44.18 $45.10 $93,800 2.0%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 540 19.1% 0.08% $44.17 $45.08 $93,760 2.0%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 190 34.4% 0.03% $41.18 $57.10 $118,760 19.6%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other detail 210 11.2% 0.03% $40.56 $42.57 $88,550 4.0%
17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians minor 310 15.1% 0.04% $26.92 $28.59 $59,470 4.7%
17-3010 Drafters broad 40 27.5% 0.01% $30.28 $32.12 $66,810 8.3%
17-3020 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters broad 200 16.6% 0.03% $29.08 $30.68 $63,820 6.1%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians detail 130 23.2% 0.02% $30.92 $31.83 $66,210 5.6%
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other detail 60 22.9% 0.01% $23.46 $28.78 $59,870 12.3%
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians detail 70 42.7% 0.01% $21.18 $21.07 $43,830 8.9%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 420 19.6% 0.06% $31.48 $35.13 $73,080 3.4%
19-1000 Life Scientists minor 30 41.1% (7) $30.08 $37.64 $78,300 11.9%
19-3000 Social Scientists and Related Workers minor 160 26.3% 0.02% $34.29 $38.17 $79,380 5.7%
19-3022 Survey Researchers detail 50 34.0% 0.01% $34.21 $33.71 $70,120 6.6%
19-3090 Miscellaneous Social Scientists and Related Workers broad 80 41.5% 0.01% $32.61 $41.27 $85,830 11.2%
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $31.06 $40.34 $83,910 13.8%
19-4000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians minor 210 22.0% 0.03% $28.37 $29.28 $60,890 4.9%
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants detail 60 27.9% 0.01% $21.77 $24.82 $51,630 12.2%
19-4090 Miscellaneous Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians broad 130 26.7% 0.02% $31.77 $32.28 $67,140 4.8%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other detail 130 26.7% 0.02% $31.77 $32.28 $67,140 4.8%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 40 25.7% 0.01% $23.05 $31.73 $66,000 9.2%
21-2000 Religious Workers minor 30 21.5% (7) $22.73 $34.11 $70,940 6.7%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 2,440 5.7% 0.34% $68.74 $75.17 $156,350 3.5%
23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers minor 1,950 5.3% 0.27% $79.18 $85.21 $177,240 3.7%
23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks broad 1,950 5.3% 0.27% $79.18 $85.21 $177,240 3.7%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 1,950 5.3% 0.27% $79.18 $85.21 $177,240 3.7%
23-2000 Legal Support Workers minor 490 15.3% 0.07% $32.09 $35.09 $72,990 7.1%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants detail 370 19.1% 0.05% $33.93 $36.72 $76,370 7.8%
23-2090 Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers broad 110 19.5% 0.02% $27.50 $29.74 $61,860 4.9%
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other detail 90 20.1% 0.01% $28.27 $30.12 $62,650 4.1%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations major 1,660 10.2% 0.23% $29.27 $30.79 $64,040 2.4%
25-1000 Postsecondary Teachers minor 60 20.4% 0.01% (4) (4) $74,250 8.8%
25-1190 Miscellaneous Postsecondary Teachers broad 60 20.4% 0.01% (4) (4) $74,250 8.8%
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary detail 60 20.4% 0.01% $36.01 $35.70 $74,250 8.8%
25-3000 Other Teachers and Instructors minor 70 36.3% 0.01% $33.85 $34.80 $72,390 10.0%
25-3090 Miscellaneous Teachers and Instructors broad 70 37.0% 0.01% $34.53 $35.08 $72,960 10.4%
25-3097 Teachers and Instructors, All Other, Except Substitute Teachers detail 70 37.0% 0.01% (4) (4) $72,960 10.4%
25-4000 Librarians, Curators, and Archivists minor 490 21.1% 0.07% $26.72 $27.61 $57,420 4.9%
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians broad 100 38.6% 0.01% $25.78 $27.23 $56,640 5.2%
25-4011 Archivists detail 100 39.0% 0.01% $25.71 $27.23 $56,640 5.4%
25-4021 Librarians detail 310 26.4% 0.04% $29.42 $30.55 $63,550 3.9%
25-4031 Library Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) $14.70 $16.13 $33,550 6.6%
25-9000 Other Education, Training, and Library Occupations minor 980 12.7% 0.14% (4) (4) $67,160 2.7%
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators detail 920 13.3% 0.13% $30.28 $32.59 $67,780 2.6%
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other detail 40 36.0% 0.01% $32.51 $31.45 $65,410 20.9%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 120,440 1.6% 16.75% $23.73 $28.32 $58,900 1.0%
27-1000 Art and Design Workers minor 28,320 2.5% 3.94% $23.83 $28.33 $58,940 1.9%
27-1010 Artists and Related Workers broad 8,830 5.2% 1.23% $36.25 $40.15 $83,520 1.8%
27-1011 Art Directors detail 4,100 5.3% 0.57% $39.35 $44.36 $92,260 1.9%
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators detail 870 20.5% 0.12% $34.50 $38.60 $80,280 5.8%
27-1014 Multimedia Artists and Animators detail 3,750 8.8% 0.52% $33.95 $36.14 $75,160 2.8%
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other detail 100 24.6% 0.01% $31.06 $32.61 $67,830 8.5%
27-1020 Designers broad 19,500 2.3% 2.71% $20.07 $22.98 $47,810 2.0%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers detail 280 9.3% 0.04% $26.83 $30.30 $63,020 6.1%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 18,180 2.4% 2.53% $20.27 $22.99 $47,820 1.4%
27-1025 Interior Designers detail 40 12.7% 0.01% $19.60 $21.24 $44,180 2.7%
27-1029 Designers, All Other detail 370 25.8% 0.05% $33.69 $38.13 $79,300 9.0%
27-2000 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers minor 1,290 9.7% 0.18% $33.50 $39.70 $82,580 4.3%
27-2010 Actors, Producers, and Directors broad 1,250 10.0% 0.17% $33.96 $40.18 $83,570 4.3%
27-2012 Producers and Directors detail 1,250 10.0% 0.17% $33.96 $40.18 $83,570 4.3%
27-2040 Musicians, Singers, and Related Workers broad 40 23.1% (7) $26.88 $24.53 (4) 13.5%
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers detail 40 23.1% (7) $26.88 $24.53 $51,030 13.5%
27-3000 Media and Communication Workers minor 87,100 1.8% 12.11% $23.70 $28.34 $58,950 1.1%
27-3010 Announcers broad (8) (8) (8) $16.24 $18.43 $38,340 7.7%
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers detail (8) (8) (8) $16.24 $18.43 $38,340 7.7%
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents broad 22,930 3.0% 3.19% $16.33 $20.44 $42,520 1.9%
27-3021 Broadcast News Analysts detail 50 34.6% 0.01% $31.65 $38.28 $79,630 8.1%
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents detail 22,880 3.0% 3.18% $16.31 $20.40 $42,440 1.9%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 3,120 6.6% 0.43% $31.65 $37.16 $77,290 4.0%
27-3040 Writers and Editors broad 60,490 2.1% 8.41% $26.67 $30.93 $64,320 1.1%
27-3041 Editors detail 50,600 2.4% 7.04% $26.24 $30.88 $64,220 1.2%
27-3042 Technical Writers detail 4,610 11.8% 0.64% $33.32 $34.34 $71,430 2.1%
27-3043 Writers and Authors detail 5,270 5.4% 0.73% $24.79 $28.40 $59,080 3.2%
27-3090 Miscellaneous Media and Communication Workers broad 490 9.2% 0.07% $23.79 $24.83 $51,650 5.6%
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators detail 230 12.9% 0.03% $26.02 $26.25 $54,590 8.3%
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other detail 260 14.4% 0.04% $21.32 $23.59 $49,070 6.3%
27-4000 Media and Communication Equipment Workers minor 3,730 4.2% 0.52% $20.82 $23.67 $49,240 1.8%
27-4010 Broadcast and Sound Engineering Technicians and Radio Operators broad 320 11.6% 0.04% $26.30 $30.40 $63,230 6.6%
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians detail 160 17.4% 0.02% $21.67 $23.40 $48,670 5.1%
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians detail 140 16.4% 0.02% $38.55 $40.94 $85,140 7.6%
27-4021 Photographers detail 3,120 4.6% 0.43% $19.72 $22.44 $46,670 2.0%
27-4030 Television, Video, and Motion Picture Camera Operators and Editors broad 230 12.5% 0.03% $26.34 $29.61 $61,590 3.8%
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture detail 110 15.7% 0.02% $27.75 $30.08 $62,560 4.6%
27-4032 Film and Video Editors detail 120 19.0% 0.02% $24.92 $29.15 $60,640 5.6%
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other detail 60 23.2% 0.01% $28.13 $29.08 $60,490 7.0%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 100 14.4% 0.01% $46.52 $50.07 $104,140 7.2%
29-1000 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners minor 70 18.8% 0.01% $51.73 $55.54 $115,530 8.3%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 280 15.8% 0.04% $15.40 $22.00 $45,760 14.7%
33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers minor 250 16.3% 0.04% $14.69 $20.72 $43,090 14.3%
33-9030 Security Guards and Gaming Surveillance Officers broad (8) (8) (8) $13.54 $15.52 $32,270 4.4%
33-9032 Security Guards detail (8) (8) (8) $13.54 $15.52 $32,270 4.4%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 140 32.6% 0.02% $10.82 $12.16 $25,290 4.2%
35-2000 Cooks and Food Preparation Workers minor 60 40.6% 0.01% $12.40 $14.28 $29,700 5.3%
35-2010 Cooks broad 50 36.3% 0.01% $12.34 $14.42 $30,000 5.6%
35-3000 Food and Beverage Serving Workers minor 70 47.4% 0.01% $9.36 $10.23 $21,290 5.4%
35-3020 Fast Food and Counter Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $9.26 $9.88 $20,560 5.9%
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food detail (8) (8) (8) $9.02 $9.62 $20,020 7.2%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 1,400 5.8% 0.19% $12.23 $13.61 $28,310 1.5%
37-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers broad 80 17.3% 0.01% $21.79 $22.49 $46,770 3.3%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers detail 80 17.3% 0.01% $21.79 $22.49 $46,770 3.3%
37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers minor 1,300 6.0% 0.18% $11.95 $13.03 $27,100 1.5%
37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers broad 1,300 6.0% 0.18% $11.95 $13.03 $27,100 1.5%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 1,280 6.0% 0.18% $11.96 $13.04 $27,120 1.5%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 88,710 2.6% 12.34% $26.33 $32.53 $67,660 1.2%
41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers broad 5,680 3.6% 0.79% $36.87 $42.29 $87,970 1.9%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 340 12.7% 0.05% $23.83 $26.32 $54,750 4.5%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 5,340 3.7% 0.74% $37.82 $43.31 $90,090 1.9%
41-2000 Retail Sales Workers minor 660 12.7% 0.09% $13.05 $15.09 $31,390 4.7%
41-2010 Cashiers broad 70 14.1% 0.01% $11.30 $12.15 $25,280 3.4%
41-2011 Cashiers detail 70 14.1% 0.01% $11.30 $12.15 $25,280 3.4%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 580 14.3% 0.08% $13.43 $15.46 $32,150 5.0%
41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services minor 47,710 2.0% 6.64% $21.93 $27.30 $56,790 1.2%
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents detail 35,980 2.2% 5.00% $19.69 $24.70 $51,390 1.4%
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other detail 11,720 5.0% 1.63% $29.85 $35.25 $73,320 2.0%
41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing broad 27,120 7.4% 3.77% $34.29 $40.40 $84,030 1.7%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 16,600 11.2% 2.31% $40.41 $45.70 $95,060 2.1%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 10,510 5.1% 1.46% $27.51 $32.02 $66,600 2.1%
41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers minor 7,540 6.3% 1.05% $23.10 $31.50 $65,520 5.8%
41-9010 Models, Demonstrators, and Product Promoters broad 120 42.3% 0.02% $19.24 $25.34 $52,700 19.0%
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters detail 120 42.3% 0.02% $19.24 $25.34 $52,700 19.0%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail 2,550 9.9% 0.35% $56.52 $58.06 $120,760 2.6%
41-9041 Telemarketers detail 2,950 9.6% 0.41% $14.48 $16.52 $34,370 4.7%
41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers broad 1,920 12.5% 0.27% $17.15 $19.59 $40,740 5.0%
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers detail 1,130 20.1% 0.16% $12.58 $16.42 $34,160 9.9%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 790 9.3% 0.11% $21.69 $24.13 $50,190 3.4%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 112,570 1.9% 15.65% $17.39 $19.16 $39,840 0.6%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 7,670 2.8% 1.07% $29.02 $31.53 $65,580 1.2%
43-2000 Communications Equipment Operators minor 290 9.2% 0.04% $13.46 $14.11 $29,350 2.2%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service detail 280 9.3% 0.04% $13.41 $14.06 $29,240 2.2%
43-3000 Financial Clerks minor 13,670 3.6% 1.90% $18.86 $19.59 $40,740 0.7%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 1,810 8.8% 0.25% $19.24 $20.10 $41,800 1.4%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 1,760 7.8% 0.25% $18.14 $18.83 $39,170 1.2%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 9,170 4.2% 1.28% $18.67 $19.43 $40,410 0.9%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 610 8.0% 0.08% $22.21 $22.06 $45,880 1.7%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 240 22.7% 0.03% $20.41 $20.30 $42,230 2.3%
43-3099 Financial Clerks, All Other detail 70 34.6% 0.01% $21.77 $22.93 $47,700 5.0%
43-4000 Information and Record Clerks minor 29,250 3.3% 4.07% $17.04 $18.48 $38,440 1.1%
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks detail 90 15.6% 0.01% $20.97 $22.25 $46,270 3.3%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 22,780 3.7% 3.17% $17.41 $18.94 $39,400 1.3%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 140 25.1% 0.02% $15.30 $16.97 $35,290 5.8%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 3,100 12.1% 0.43% $16.54 $17.25 $35,880 2.2%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 640 6.6% 0.09% $21.31 $21.70 $45,140 1.8%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 2,240 4.8% 0.31% $13.21 $14.33 $29,800 1.1%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 200 39.6% 0.03% $19.98 $20.06 $41,720 7.2%
43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers minor 7,510 4.3% 1.04% $17.42 $18.61 $38,710 1.1%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 490 16.5% 0.07% $10.63 $12.43 $25,860 4.9%
43-5030 Dispatchers broad 110 26.0% 0.02% $15.99 $16.79 $34,910 5.1%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 110 26.0% 0.02% $15.99 $16.79 $34,910 5.1%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 2,980 5.0% 0.41% $22.59 $23.41 $48,690 1.1%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks detail 2,700 6.2% 0.38% $15.40 $16.24 $33,780 1.3%
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers detail 1,190 12.9% 0.17% $12.87 $14.74 $30,650 1.9%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping detail 30 29.5% (7) $15.34 $17.88 $37,200 11.6%
43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants broad 15,140 2.4% 2.11% $20.63 $22.52 $46,840 1.3%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 4,900 3.5% 0.68% $30.62 $31.04 $64,560 1.3%
43-6012 Legal Secretaries detail 50 12.1% 0.01% $23.10 $25.39 $52,810 4.6%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 10,200 3.4% 1.42% $17.59 $18.42 $38,310 1.0%
43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers minor 39,040 3.1% 5.43% $14.52 $15.92 $33,110 0.9%
43-9011 Computer Operators detail 520 15.9% 0.07% $20.15 $21.61 $44,950 2.8%
43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers broad 3,050 8.3% 0.42% $13.91 $14.88 $30,940 1.9%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 2,640 9.3% 0.37% $13.85 $14.75 $30,670 2.0%
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists detail 410 15.5% 0.06% $14.50 $15.72 $32,690 5.2%
43-9031 Desktop Publishers detail 5,000 7.9% 0.70% $17.78 $19.11 $39,750 1.9%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service detail 9,090 9.2% 1.26% $12.50 $13.92 $28,950 3.0%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 15,770 3.1% 2.19% $14.10 $15.65 $32,550 1.3%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer detail 170 25.8% 0.02% $16.63 $16.94 $35,230 2.5%
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers detail 3,120 5.2% 0.43% $16.37 $17.15 $35,660 1.5%
43-9111 Statistical Assistants detail 360 30.1% 0.05% $22.44 $22.32 $46,420 4.1%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 1,930 12.5% 0.27% $14.93 $16.02 $33,310 2.6%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major (8) (8) (8) $11.13 $14.27 $29,670 21.4%
45-2000 Agricultural Workers minor (8) (8) (8) $11.13 $14.27 $29,670 21.4%
45-2090 Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $11.13 $14.27 $29,670 21.4%
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals detail (8) (8) (8) $10.98 $14.21 $29,550 24.6%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 290 11.8% 0.04% $30.64 $32.82 $68,260 3.0%
47-2000 Construction Trades Workers minor 280 12.2% 0.04% $30.75 $32.79 $68,190 2.6%
47-2111 Electricians detail 260 12.7% 0.04% $30.91 $32.83 $68,280 2.5%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 2,940 4.7% 0.41% $22.26 $23.38 $48,640 1.2%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 240 6.6% 0.03% $34.58 $35.65 $74,140 1.9%
49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 200 16.2% 0.03% $20.54 $20.67 $42,980 3.4%
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers detail 140 21.4% 0.02% $19.37 $18.80 $39,100 4.5%
49-2090 Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers broad 50 23.1% 0.01% $24.92 $25.67 $53,400 4.5%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment detail 50 23.1% 0.01% $24.92 $25.67 $53,400 4.5%
49-3000 Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 50 12.5% 0.01% $22.87 $22.94 $47,720 4.3%
49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations minor 2,440 5.1% 0.34% $21.58 $22.40 $46,590 1.3%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers detail 50 49.2% 0.01% $34.15 $33.11 $68,860 5.0%
49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers broad 480 8.8% 0.07% $25.57 $25.27 $52,560 2.8%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 290 10.5% 0.04% $27.10 $26.93 $56,020 2.9%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail 180 14.9% 0.03% $21.88 $22.60 $47,000 4.3%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 1,840 6.1% 0.26% $20.58 $21.49 $44,690 1.2%
49-9090 Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers broad 80 12.0% 0.01% $20.50 $20.24 $42,100 10.3%
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers detail 50 13.2% 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-0000 Production Occupations major 28,560 3.4% 3.97% $17.15 $18.90 $39,300 1.1%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 2,820 4.0% 0.39% $28.74 $30.34 $63,110 1.2%
51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators minor 200 23.9% 0.03% $13.70 $13.87 $28,850 2.9%
51-2020 Electrical, Electronics, and Electromechanical Assemblers broad 40 20.5% 0.01% $14.32 $14.57 $30,310 4.0%
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers detail 40 21.5% 0.01% $14.20 $14.46 $30,080 3.9%
51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators broad 160 29.2% 0.02% $13.50 $13.70 $28,500 3.6%
51-2092 Team Assemblers detail 140 33.0% 0.02% $13.49 $13.73 $28,560 4.3%
51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers minor 230 11.4% 0.03% $24.91 $24.88 $51,760 3.9%
51-4041 Machinists detail 230 11.5% 0.03% $24.89 $24.49 $50,940 3.8%
51-5110 Printing Workers broad 19,100 3.7% 2.66% $17.40 $18.50 $38,490 1.2%
51-5111 Prepress Technicians and Workers detail 4,560 6.1% 0.63% $17.46 $18.39 $38,250 1.9%
51-5112 Printing Press Operators detail 12,170 4.1% 1.69% $18.18 $19.22 $39,980 1.4%
51-5113 Print Binding and Finishing Workers detail 2,380 9.7% 0.33% $14.04 $15.05 $31,300 2.6%
51-9000 Other Production Occupations minor 6,080 7.1% 0.85% $12.65 $14.66 $30,490 2.0%
51-9030 Cutting Workers broad 40 22.2% 0.01% $13.31 $13.59 $28,270 4.4%
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 40 25.0% 0.01% $13.83 $13.94 $29,000 4.7%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 640 16.2% 0.09% $20.02 $22.04 $45,850 3.6%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders detail 1,080 19.3% 0.15% $13.12 $14.61 $30,380 4.9%
51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators detail 160 12.7% 0.02% $16.77 $19.97 $41,550 6.2%
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers broad 4,150 8.7% 0.58% $11.68 $13.33 $27,720 2.5%
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 800 14.9% 0.11% $15.01 $16.18 $33,660 3.4%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 2,560 9.2% 0.36% $10.56 $11.85 $24,640 2.3%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 780 22.1% 0.11% $12.35 $15.18 $31,570 8.5%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 25,200 4.4% 3.50% $11.97 $14.44 $30,040 1.3%
53-1000 Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers minor 1,930 5.0% 0.27% $22.65 $24.19 $50,310 1.8%
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand detail 940 6.6% 0.13% $22.07 $23.45 $48,780 2.5%
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators detail 990 7.4% 0.14% $23.30 $24.90 $51,790 2.1%
53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators minor 9,140 4.8% 1.27% $12.19 $14.74 $30,670 2.2%
53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers broad 9,130 4.8% 1.27% $12.19 $14.74 $30,660 2.2%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail 5,340 6.9% 0.74% $11.48 $13.64 $28,380 2.7%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 300 7.5% 0.04% $24.70 $22.56 $46,920 7.7%
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers detail 3,490 6.1% 0.49% $13.59 $15.74 $32,740 2.8%
53-7000 Material Moving Workers minor 14,120 6.6% 1.96% $11.36 $12.88 $26,790 1.3%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 370 21.3% 0.05% $15.08 $16.39 $34,090 4.7%
53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers, Hand broad 13,740 6.7% 1.91% $11.30 $12.79 $26,600 1.4%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 30 26.9% (7) $12.95 $13.37 $27,800 5.9%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 5,170 6.2% 0.72% $11.93 $13.58 $28,240 1.6%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 3,710 11.9% 0.52% $11.97 $13.64 $28,380 2.6%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 4,830 12.4% 0.67% $10.29 $11.28 $23,450 2.1%

About May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017