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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every state and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet).

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet) is part of: Sector 51 - Information.

Industries within NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

Links to OEWS estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet):

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header


NAICS 511000 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 774,060 0.0% 100.00% $38.69 $47.76 $99,350 0.8%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 101,320 2.4% 13.09% $77.18 $79.24 $164,820 1.2%
11-1000 Top Executives minor 27,850 3.6% 3.60% $72.28 $78.28 $162,830 3.1%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 3,090 7.1% 0.40% (5) $129.00 $268,330 3.4%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 24,760 3.7% 3.20% $62.86 $71.94 $149,640 3.8%
11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers minor 25,310 4.3% 3.27% $77.59 $79.14 $164,600 1.4%
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers detail 740 8.2% 0.10% $39.06 $46.35 $96,400 3.2%
11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers broad 23,930 4.4% 3.09% $77.84 $80.30 $167,020 1.4%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 10,950 4.9% 1.42% $78.00 $79.69 $165,760 1.6%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 12,980 8.6% 1.68% $77.65 $80.81 $168,080 1.6%
11-2030 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers broad 640 7.8% 0.08% $67.79 $73.42 $152,710 3.1%
11-2032 Public Relations Managers detail 630 7.8% 0.08% $68.50 $73.63 $153,150 3.2%
11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers minor 41,900 2.7% 5.41% $77.77 $80.91 $168,300 1.1%
11-3010 Administrative Services and Facilities Managers broad 4,120 7.2% 0.53% $63.13 $66.21 $137,710 2.4%
11-3012 Administrative Services Managers detail 3,750 7.7% 0.48% $63.77 $66.52 $138,370 2.6%
11-3013 Facilities Managers detail 370 8.9% 0.05% $60.61 $63.04 $131,120 3.3%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 25,580 3.5% 3.30% $78.88 $82.82 $172,270 1.6%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 7,650 5.0% 0.99% $78.54 $86.84 $180,630 1.7%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 520 9.0% 0.07% $48.49 $54.81 $113,990 4.1%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers detail 470 7.8% 0.06% $77.85 $80.81 $168,080 2.3%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 400 10.1% 0.05% $47.76 $56.13 $116,750 4.4%
11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers detail 180 8.7% 0.02% $78.06 $82.48 $171,550 1.6%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 2,310 6.3% 0.30% $76.50 $78.60 $163,500 2.0%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers detail 670 11.1% 0.09% $63.08 $73.67 $153,220 5.6%
11-9000 Other Management Occupations minor 6,250 7.4% 0.81% $70.00 $72.69 $151,200 2.5%
11-9030 Education and Childcare Administrators broad 50 7.6% 0.01% $43.54 $45.57 $94,780 2.9%
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other detail 50 8.9% 0.01% $43.54 $44.15 $91,830 2.7%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 500 20.0% 0.06% $80.96 $88.90 $184,920 3.4%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 5,640 8.4% 0.73% $65.63 $71.55 $148,830 2.8%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 94,960 1.9% 12.27% $40.01 $46.48 $96,670 0.9%
13-1000 Business Operations Specialists minor 77,480 2.0% 10.01% $39.59 $46.56 $96,850 1.0%
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents broad 1,820 4.2% 0.24% $43.77 $46.06 $95,810 1.5%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 830 8.7% 0.11% $38.08 $41.02 $85,330 2.5%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 230 42.4% 0.03% $47.44 $43.50 $90,480 10.4%
13-1070 Human Resources Workers broad 7,150 4.5% 0.92% $38.38 $43.77 $91,040 1.7%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 7,110 4.5% 0.92% $38.38 $43.77 $91,050 1.7%
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists detail 40 7.2% 0.01% $43.81 $42.96 $89,370 0.8%
13-1080 Logisticians and Project Management Specialists broad 13,730 5.3% 1.77% $48.78 $53.25 $110,750 1.6%
13-1081 Logisticians detail 650 16.1% 0.08% $46.43 $45.21 $94,030 4.0%
13-1082 Project Management Specialists detail 13,080 5.4% 1.69% $48.92 $53.65 $111,580 1.7%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 8,910 5.6% 1.15% $48.52 $56.31 $117,110 2.0%
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners detail 1,920 6.1% 0.25% $30.69 $39.61 $82,390 1.9%
13-1131 Fundraisers detail 160 15.7% 0.02% $28.02 $33.77 $70,240 6.4%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists detail 1,250 5.9% 0.16% $39.38 $41.71 $86,770 1.6%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 5,030 9.9% 0.65% $36.39 $37.92 $78,880 2.8%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 28,520 3.4% 3.68% $38.20 $43.90 $91,320 1.3%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 7,920 6.4% 1.02% $39.44 $45.12 $93,850 2.8%
13-2000 Financial Specialists minor 17,480 3.8% 2.26% $42.93 $46.10 $95,880 1.1%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 11,250 4.0% 1.45% $39.65 $44.91 $93,420 1.3%
13-2020 Property Appraisers and Assessors broad 230 41.9% 0.03% $22.64 $23.54 $48,960 2.7%
13-2031 Budget Analysts detail 370 27.5% 0.05% $30.82 $33.66 $70,010 9.2%
13-2041 Credit Analysts detail 170 22.6% 0.02% $30.74 $35.11 $73,030 7.2%
13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors broad 5,080 9.2% 0.66% $47.62 $51.09 $106,260 3.2%
13-2051 Financial and Investment Analysts detail 4,910 9.3% 0.63% $47.73 $51.11 $106,320 3.7%
13-2054 Financial Risk Specialists detail 160 29.2% 0.02% $38.80 $50.68 $105,420 17.8%
13-2080 Tax Examiners, Collectors and Preparers, and Revenue Agents broad (8) (8) (8) $22.55 $25.63 $53,300 20.6%
13-2082 Tax Preparers detail (8) (8) (8) $22.55 $25.63 $53,300 20.6%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 350 14.8% 0.05% $47.38 $47.25 $98,280 4.7%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 261,880 1.2% 33.83% $50.17 $55.74 $115,940 0.8%
15-1200 Computer Occupations minor 256,180 1.2% 33.10% $50.35 $55.87 $116,210 0.9%
15-1210 Computer and Information Analysts broad 14,550 7.5% 1.88% $47.76 $50.32 $104,660 1.7%
15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts detail 11,640 8.7% 1.50% $46.30 $48.42 $100,710 2.1%
15-1212 Information Security Analysts detail 2,910 9.6% 0.38% $60.44 $57.92 $120,460 3.8%
15-1221 Computer and Information Research Scientists detail 2,010 6.2% 0.26% $73.53 $76.08 $158,240 2.8%
15-1230 Computer Support Specialists broad 33,240 3.2% 4.29% $29.09 $31.53 $65,580 2.7%
15-1231 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 4,980 10.3% 0.64% $31.26 $37.54 $78,090 3.0%
15-1232 Computer User Support Specialists detail 28,260 3.7% 3.65% $28.65 $30.47 $63,380 2.9%
15-1240 Database and Network Administrators and Architects broad 14,680 4.3% 1.90% $49.53 $55.30 $115,030 2.1%
15-1241 Computer Network Architects detail 4,150 11.9% 0.54% $62.20 $62.92 $130,880 3.9%
15-1242 Database Administrators detail 2,240 8.4% 0.29% $49.49 $53.30 $110,870 3.0%
15-1243 Database Architects detail 2,210 8.8% 0.29% $62.67 $63.92 $132,960 3.3%
15-1244 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 6,090 5.8% 0.79% $43.76 $47.72 $99,250 3.2%
15-1250 Software and Web Developers, Programmers, and Testers broad 182,060 1.6% 23.52% $61.53 $61.01 $126,900 0.8%
15-1251 Computer Programmers detail 9,200 6.4% 1.19% $49.07 $62.31 $129,610 2.3%
15-1252 Software Developers detail 137,280 1.9% 17.73% $62.45 $62.72 $130,460 0.9%
15-1253 Software Quality Assurance Analysts and Testers detail 16,940 3.8% 2.19% $45.80 $47.15 $98,070 2.2%
15-1254 Web Developers detail 5,010 7.6% 0.65% $37.37 $40.90 $85,070 2.4%
15-1255 Web and Digital Interface Designers detail 13,620 2.2% 1.76% $72.14 $67.56 $140,520 1.0%
15-1299 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 9,650 8.8% 1.25% $45.67 $47.71 $99,230 5.0%
15-2000 Mathematical Science Occupations minor 5,690 11.2% 0.74% $47.46 $50.03 $104,060 7.0%
15-2011 Actuaries detail (8) (8) (8) $61.11 $65.12 $135,440 6.6%
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts detail 1,500 13.9% 0.19% $37.24 $42.86 $89,140 5.6%
15-2041 Statisticians detail 60 26.2% 0.01% $64.14 $64.76 $134,690 12.1%
15-2051 Data Scientists detail 3,990 15.5% 0.52% $49.12 $52.14 $108,450 9.4%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 3,640 11.0% 0.47% $61.06 $62.68 $130,380 3.4%
17-1000 Architects, Surveyors, and Cartographers minor (8) (8) (8) $29.02 $28.52 $59,310 21.8%
17-1010 Architects, Except Naval broad (8) (8) (8) $48.57 $52.33 $108,840 2.5%
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval detail (8) (8) (8) $48.57 $52.33 $108,840 2.5%
17-1020 Surveyors, Cartographers, and Photogrammetrists broad 280 41.0% 0.04% $23.66 $25.50 $53,030 5.3%
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists detail 280 41.0% 0.04% $23.66 $25.50 $53,030 5.3%
17-2000 Engineers minor 3,150 9.4% 0.41% $62.63 $67.75 $140,930 2.8%
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers detail 1,770 7.4% 0.23% $74.43 $80.20 $166,810 2.7%
17-2070 Electrical and Electronics Engineers broad 320 23.6% 0.04% $59.03 $61.11 $127,100 4.5%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 140 21.1% 0.02% $47.74 $49.08 $102,080 8.3%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer detail 180 34.3% 0.02% $61.70 $70.81 $147,290 7.3%
17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety broad 370 25.4% 0.05% $48.25 $51.11 $106,310 2.0%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 370 25.4% 0.05% $48.25 $51.11 $106,310 2.0%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 260 33.2% 0.03% $49.27 $55.26 $114,940 7.3%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other detail 390 25.2% 0.05% $38.44 $44.25 $92,040 6.5%
17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians minor 170 28.6% 0.02% $23.04 $32.70 $68,010 6.4%
17-3010 Drafters broad (8) (8) (8) $36.61 $34.45 $71,660 16.2%
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters detail (8) (8) (8) $36.61 $35.25 $73,330 26.8%
17-3020 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters broad 140 26.6% 0.02% $22.94 $32.25 $67,070 9.4%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 90 35.3% 0.01% $22.94 $35.77 $74,390 14.1%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) $18.39 $23.77 $49,430 21.4%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 650 29.1% 0.08% $48.04 $52.41 $109,010 9.8%
19-1000 Life Scientists minor (8) (8) (8) $62.20 $67.94 $141,310 7.5%
19-2010 Astronomers and Physicists broad 60 29.4% 0.01% $87.94 $82.58 $171,770 5.6%
19-3000 Social Scientists and Related Workers minor 120 30.9% 0.02% $48.41 $48.19 $100,240 10.5%
19-3022 Survey Researchers detail 40 11.1% 0.01% $48.41 $45.31 $94,250 4.8%
19-3090 Miscellaneous Social Scientists and Related Workers broad 50 47.7% 0.01% $30.37 $34.83 $72,440 19.9%
19-4000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians minor 60 23.8% 0.01% $37.65 $43.09 $89,630 9.0%
19-4090 Miscellaneous Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians broad 60 26.6% 0.01% $47.80 $45.43 $94,500 8.3%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other detail 60 26.6% 0.01% $47.80 $45.43 $94,500 8.3%
19-5010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians broad 40 19.0% (7) $31.07 $38.15 $79,360 4.7%
19-5011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists detail 40 19.4% (7) $31.07 $39.04 $81,190 4.4%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 240 45.2% 0.03% $18.55 $20.49 $42,620 7.2%
21-1000 Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists minor (8) (8) (8) $18.55 $18.36 $38,180 12.8%
21-1090 Miscellaneous Community and Social Service Specialists broad (8) (8) (8) $20.59 $21.28 $44,260 5.8%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 2,960 5.6% 0.38% $80.10 $83.66 $174,020 1.7%
23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers minor 2,400 6.5% 0.31% $91.89 $93.22 $193,900 1.9%
23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks broad 2,400 6.5% 0.31% $91.89 $93.22 $193,900 1.9%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 2,400 6.5% 0.31% $91.89 $93.22 $193,900 1.9%
23-2000 Legal Support Workers minor 550 6.3% 0.07% $44.84 $42.29 $87,970 2.4%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants detail 470 6.9% 0.06% $42.04 $39.61 $82,400 2.1%
23-2090 Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers broad 80 13.2% 0.01% $59.13 $57.18 $118,940 8.2%
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other detail 80 11.9% 0.01% $60.08 $61.04 $126,950 3.9%
25-0000 Educational Instruction and Library Occupations major 2,020 14.4% 0.26% $30.52 $32.24 $67,050 3.1%
25-2000 Preschool, Elementary, Middle, Secondary, and Special Education Teachers minor 30 16.3% (7) (4) (4) $43,270 4.0%
25-3000 Other Teachers and Instructors minor 310 24.2% 0.04% $16.57 $20.07 $41,740 8.3%
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Teachers detail 80 7.0% 0.01% $18.56 $23.80 $49,510 1.0%
25-3041 Tutors detail 200 37.1% 0.03% $14.41 $15.69 $32,630 6.7%
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other detail 30 14.6% (7) (4) (4) $79,080 2.2%
25-4000 Librarians, Curators, and Archivists minor 180 19.1% 0.02% $29.47 $32.26 $67,090 6.5%
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians broad 50 32.2% 0.01% $31.59 $33.68 $70,060 6.8%
25-4011 Archivists detail 40 35.7% 0.01% $30.58 $33.34 $69,340 9.1%
25-4022 Librarians and Media Collections Specialists detail 110 25.2% 0.01% $28.98 $33.27 $69,190 7.8%
25-9000 Other Educational Instruction and Library Occupations minor 1,500 18.3% 0.19% (4) (4) $72,820 2.0%
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators detail 1,380 19.8% 0.18% $36.35 $35.67 $74,180 1.7%
25-9099 Educational Instruction and Library Workers, All Other detail 110 19.1% 0.01% $17.82 $26.83 $55,800 13.3%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 94,460 1.8% 12.20% $28.28 $33.02 $68,680 1.4%
27-1000 Art and Design Workers minor 22,530 3.2% 2.91% $28.71 $33.48 $69,630 2.6%
27-1010 Artists and Related Workers broad 6,950 8.1% 0.90% $39.53 $46.29 $96,280 4.8%
27-1011 Art Directors detail 3,520 6.0% 0.45% $39.84 $48.09 $100,020 3.0%
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators detail 290 13.7% 0.04% $38.61 $34.42 $71,600 3.8%
27-1014 Special Effects Artists and Animators detail 3,070 15.8% 0.40% $39.65 $45.75 $95,150 9.9%
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other detail 60 45.9% 0.01% $29.83 $29.18 $60,700 5.0%
27-1020 Designers broad 15,590 2.9% 2.01% $23.26 $27.77 $57,760 2.5%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers detail 250 25.7% 0.03% $32.03 $33.29 $69,230 5.6%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 15,080 3.0% 1.95% $23.17 $27.69 $57,590 2.6%
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers detail 50 49.8% 0.01% $17.68 $17.35 $36,090 3.9%
27-1029 Designers, All Other detail 190 19.4% 0.02% $21.52 $28.39 $59,050 16.3%
27-2000 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers minor 3,730 15.2% 0.48% $47.61 $49.82 $103,630 3.1%
27-2010 Actors, Producers, and Directors broad 3,570 14.2% 0.46% $47.65 $49.81 $103,600 3.2%
27-2012 Producers and Directors detail 3,560 14.2% 0.46% $47.65 $49.90 $103,790 3.2%
27-3000 Media and Communication Workers minor 65,550 1.6% 8.47% $27.09 $32.09 $66,740 1.2%
27-3011 Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys detail 70 37.4% 0.01% $22.59 $25.92 $53,920 17.9%
27-3023 News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists detail 15,420 2.2% 1.99% $18.37 $23.79 $49,490 1.7%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 3,010 8.7% 0.39% $31.11 $38.71 $80,520 3.3%
27-3040 Writers and Editors broad 46,270 1.9% 5.98% $29.68 $34.46 $71,680 1.2%
27-3041 Editors detail 38,530 2.0% 4.98% $29.56 $34.47 $71,690 1.3%
27-3042 Technical Writers detail 3,380 12.3% 0.44% $36.40 $37.66 $78,330 3.6%
27-3043 Writers and Authors detail 4,360 5.1% 0.56% $29.63 $31.95 $66,450 2.4%
27-3090 Miscellaneous Media and Communication Workers broad 780 18.1% 0.10% $30.12 $30.30 $63,020 8.1%
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators detail 330 39.1% 0.04% $36.51 $38.04 $79,120 8.4%
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other detail 460 14.7% 0.06% $22.84 $24.83 $51,650 8.3%
27-4000 Media and Communication Equipment Workers minor 2,640 6.0% 0.34% $23.62 $28.45 $59,180 3.0%
27-4010 Broadcast, Sound, and Lighting Technicians broad 610 13.1% 0.08% $29.95 $37.21 $77,390 5.6%
27-4011 Audio and Video Technicians detail 370 17.7% 0.05% $29.95 $37.33 $77,640 8.9%
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) $25.74 $30.32 $63,060 18.9%
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians detail 170 15.3% 0.02% $38.64 $39.99 $83,180 3.9%
27-4021 Photographers detail 1,280 7.7% 0.17% $22.69 $24.37 $50,700 1.7%
27-4030 Television, Video, and Film Camera Operators and Editors broad 680 15.6% 0.09% $23.83 $28.85 $60,000 6.0%
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Film detail 300 24.6% 0.04% $23.46 $27.15 $56,460 10.6%
27-4032 Film and Video Editors detail 390 18.6% 0.05% $29.13 $30.15 $62,720 5.2%
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other detail 60 38.6% 0.01% $18.53 $21.66 $45,050 16.0%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major (8) (8) (8) $26.30 $32.06 $66,690 9.6%
29-1000 Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners minor 430 27.4% 0.06% $46.04 $57.62 $119,860 14.4%
29-1141 Registered Nurses detail 260 25.8% 0.03% $37.99 $39.93 $83,050 2.8%
29-2000 Health Technologists and Technicians minor (8) (8) (8) $22.25 $23.88 $49,670 8.3%
29-2050 Health Practitioner Support Technologists and Technicians broad (8) (8) (8) $22.22 $23.06 $47,960 12.4%
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) $22.22 $23.06 $47,960 12.4%
29-2072 Medical Records Specialists detail (8) (8) (8) $28.78 $25.93 $53,930 12.2%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 150 29.3% 0.02% $24.42 $24.98 $51,960 3.4%
33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers minor 140 31.4% 0.02% $24.10 $24.12 $50,170 2.4%
33-9030 Security Guards and Gambling Surveillance Officers broad 90 12.1% 0.01% $24.42 $25.23 $52,490 1.7%
33-9032 Security Guards detail 90 12.1% 0.01% $24.42 $25.23 $52,490 1.7%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 90 22.7% 0.01% $19.40 $22.39 $46,580 4.0%
35-2000 Cooks and Food Preparation Workers minor 60 23.9% 0.01% $19.01 $20.04 $41,690 5.4%
35-2010 Cooks broad 30 26.4% (7) $15.38 $19.26 $40,050 9.7%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 610 7.1% 0.08% $14.41 $15.46 $32,160 3.0%
37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers minor 570 7.5% 0.07% $14.41 $15.18 $31,570 2.7%
37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers broad 570 7.5% 0.07% $14.41 $15.18 $31,570 2.7%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 560 7.6% 0.07% $14.41 $15.19 $31,600 2.8%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 100 39.2% 0.01% $36.68 $37.98 $79,000 5.2%
39-9000 Other Personal Care and Service Workers minor 80 49.6% 0.01% $36.69 $41.56 $86,440 4.6%
39-9030 Recreation and Fitness Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $36.69 $42.31 $88,010 5.2%
39-9031 Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors detail (8) (8) (8) $36.69 $42.53 $88,470 5.5%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 88,840 3.0% 11.48% $30.42 $39.22 $81,580 1.8%
41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers broad 5,070 5.1% 0.66% $48.67 $50.97 $106,020 2.3%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 170 29.7% 0.02% $28.97 $30.57 $63,580 19.3%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 4,900 5.1% 0.63% $48.81 $51.68 $107,500 2.2%
41-2000 Retail Sales Workers minor 790 19.6% 0.10% $15.08 $19.20 $39,930 6.4%
41-2010 Cashiers broad (8) (8) (8) $13.77 $13.97 $29,060 7.7%
41-2011 Cashiers detail (8) (8) (8) $13.77 $13.97 $29,060 7.7%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 680 22.0% 0.09% $17.75 $20.17 $41,950 7.9%
41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services minor 46,460 2.9% 6.00% $28.16 $32.49 $67,590 1.6%
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents detail 21,350 2.4% 2.76% $18.66 $24.22 $50,390 1.5%
41-3041 Travel Agents detail (8) (8) (8) $22.22 $23.70 $49,290 5.2%
41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Financial Services, and Travel detail 24,990 4.7% 3.23% $31.89 $39.54 $82,250 2.1%
41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing broad 30,460 5.9% 3.93% $37.66 $45.74 $95,140 2.8%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 21,470 6.6% 2.77% $38.50 $48.29 $100,450 3.6%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 8,990 7.8% 1.16% $30.61 $39.65 $82,470 4.7%
41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers minor 6,060 8.1% 0.78% $48.41 $50.80 $105,650 4.9%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail 3,760 10.9% 0.49% $62.66 $63.20 $131,450 4.2%
41-9041 Telemarketers detail 740 26.6% 0.10% $18.05 $18.94 $39,400 5.4%
41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers broad 1,530 9.9% 0.20% $29.97 $36.08 $75,050 6.6%
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers detail 140 26.5% 0.02% $13.93 $12.62 $26,250 5.9%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 1,390 10.6% 0.18% $34.55 $38.48 $80,040 6.5%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 91,860 2.4% 11.87% $21.25 $23.18 $48,220 1.0%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 9,080 4.5% 1.17% $35.41 $37.17 $77,320 1.4%
43-2000 Communications Equipment Operators minor 80 21.4% 0.01% $14.33 $16.21 $33,720 12.2%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service detail 70 21.5% 0.01% $14.33 $16.80 $34,940 13.3%
43-3000 Financial Clerks minor 12,270 8.9% 1.58% $22.26 $22.12 $46,000 1.3%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 800 19.0% 0.10% $22.58 $23.12 $48,080 2.6%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 2,190 43.5% 0.28% $21.55 $22.32 $46,430 2.4%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 8,650 4.4% 1.12% $21.71 $21.60 $44,940 1.5%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 430 9.4% 0.06% $29.12 $30.42 $63,270 3.7%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 170 43.5% 0.02% $22.27 $19.77 $41,120 11.3%
43-4000 Information and Record Clerks minor 30,900 4.3% 3.99% $21.88 $22.78 $47,380 1.8%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 26,940 4.9% 3.48% $22.29 $23.49 $48,860 1.7%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 150 28.1% 0.02% $17.91 $18.13 $37,700 5.9%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 1,240 10.2% 0.16% $18.17 $19.54 $40,650 1.6%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 400 12.8% 0.05% $22.73 $23.07 $47,980 5.4%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 1,910 6.8% 0.25% $14.33 $15.99 $33,250 3.8%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 210 35.5% 0.03% $17.67 $15.33 $31,880 12.3%
43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers minor 5,610 8.3% 0.72% $22.42 $22.35 $46,490 2.5%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 230 40.6% 0.03% $14.32 $14.95 $31,090 6.0%
43-5030 Dispatchers broad 30 12.7% (7) $17.89 $20.28 $42,180 9.9%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 30 12.7% (7) $17.89 $20.28 $42,180 9.9%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 2,960 12.2% 0.38% $26.02 $26.04 $54,160 2.1%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks detail 2,360 12.0% 0.31% $17.70 $18.51 $38,500 2.8%
43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants broad 9,390 6.4% 1.21% $23.18 $27.04 $56,230 1.4%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 3,430 4.7% 0.44% $36.86 $37.95 $78,930 1.6%
43-6012 Legal Secretaries and Administrative Assistants detail 30 19.3% (7) $28.73 $28.11 $58,460 6.9%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 5,930 9.8% 0.77% $20.60 $20.73 $43,120 1.8%
43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers minor 24,540 4.3% 3.17% $16.27 $17.79 $37,000 1.3%
43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers broad 1,720 13.3% 0.22% $14.40 $16.66 $34,660 4.8%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 1,350 13.5% 0.17% $17.23 $17.89 $37,200 4.7%
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists detail 370 37.5% 0.05% $11.60 $12.21 $25,400 4.5%
43-9031 Desktop Publishers detail 2,730 23.9% 0.35% $17.87 $20.25 $42,120 8.9%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service detail 4,680 7.0% 0.60% $13.69 $13.86 $28,830 1.5%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 13,300 5.1% 1.72% $17.83 $18.89 $39,290 2.1%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer detail 80 22.2% 0.01% $17.91 $19.57 $40,700 4.4%
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers detail 1,340 8.2% 0.17% $17.98 $18.16 $37,780 2.1%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 660 12.3% 0.09% $13.52 $15.03 $31,270 3.8%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 100 17.4% 0.01% $29.50 $31.09 $64,670 2.3%
47-2000 Construction Trades Workers minor 100 18.5% 0.01% $29.46 $31.17 $64,840 2.4%
47-2111 Electricians detail 90 20.9% 0.01% $29.50 $32.40 $67,390 2.7%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 1,860 5.7% 0.24% $26.79 $27.16 $56,490 1.3%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 210 8.5% 0.03% $38.05 $38.60 $80,280 3.1%
49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 250 24.8% 0.03% $27.65 $26.63 $55,400 6.1%
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers detail 110 35.0% 0.01% $22.51 $25.11 $52,240 11.4%
49-2090 Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers broad 140 39.4% 0.02% $27.66 $27.95 $58,140 3.3%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment detail 120 48.0% 0.02% $27.66 $27.75 $57,730 4.9%
49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations minor 1,390 6.3% 0.18% $23.23 $25.52 $53,080 1.3%
49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers broad 150 12.0% 0.02% $28.96 $28.89 $60,080 2.8%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 130 10.1% 0.02% $29.02 $29.04 $60,400 2.4%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 1,220 6.3% 0.16% $23.11 $25.09 $52,190 1.6%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 14,200 3.7% 1.83% $18.23 $20.26 $42,130 1.0%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 1,690 5.4% 0.22% $28.98 $29.38 $61,120 1.5%
51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators minor 380 18.1% 0.05% $18.23 $18.00 $37,430 8.0%
51-2020 Electrical, Electronics, and Electromechanical Assemblers broad (8) (8) (8) $22.04 $20.25 $42,120 3.3%
51-2028 Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Assemblers, Except Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers detail (8) (8) (8) $22.04 $20.25 $42,120 3.3%
51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators broad 330 23.1% 0.04% $18.13 $17.65 $36,720 10.1%
51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers minor 80 22.9% 0.01% $24.93 $27.32 $56,830 7.8%
51-4041 Machinists detail 80 23.3% 0.01% $27.58 $27.49 $57,170 7.9%
51-5110 Printing Workers broad 10,580 3.9% 1.37% $18.10 $19.39 $40,330 1.1%
51-5111 Prepress Technicians and Workers detail (8) (8) (8) $18.74 $20.44 $42,510 2.4%
51-5112 Printing Press Operators detail 6,900 3.8% 0.89% $18.18 $19.82 $41,220 1.2%
51-5113 Print Binding and Finishing Workers detail (8) (8) (8) $14.61 $16.41 $34,130 2.8%
51-9000 Other Production Occupations minor 1,460 8.5% 0.19% $14.34 $16.14 $33,570 3.0%
51-9030 Cutting Workers broad 40 22.8% (7) $18.10 $18.68 $38,860 5.6%
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 40 22.8% (7) $18.10 $18.68 $38,860 5.6%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 240 15.8% 0.03% $22.81 $23.59 $49,070 4.9%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders detail 340 25.9% 0.04% $13.86 $14.64 $30,450 4.8%
51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators detail 40 22.0% (7) $22.81 $29.26 $60,860 14.8%
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers broad 790 11.7% 0.10% $13.04 $13.60 $28,280 2.7%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 480 12.2% 0.06% $14.38 $14.65 $30,470 2.4%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 200 26.7% 0.03% $9.92 $11.59 $24,110 6.2%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 12,210 3.1% 1.58% $14.72 $16.43 $34,180 0.7%
53-1040 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers broad 930 5.7% 0.12% $22.11 $24.59 $51,150 1.8%
53-1047 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers, Except Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors detail 930 5.7% 0.12% $22.11 $24.59 $51,150 1.8%
53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators minor 5,560 5.0% 0.72% $14.48 $15.81 $32,890 1.2%
53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers broad 5,510 5.0% 0.71% $14.48 $15.77 $32,810 1.2%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail 3,430 4.8% 0.44% $14.22 $15.81 $32,890 1.2%
53-3033 Light Truck Drivers detail 2,050 11.1% 0.27% $14.98 $15.71 $32,690 2.2%
53-7000 Material Moving Workers minor 5,710 4.5% 0.74% $14.57 $15.62 $32,490 1.0%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 330 15.2% 0.04% $18.31 $19.05 $39,620 2.4%
53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers broad 5,330 4.5% 0.69% $14.48 $15.38 $31,990 1.0%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 2,130 7.6% 0.28% $14.40 $14.87 $30,940 1.9%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 710 13.3% 0.09% $14.72 $15.92 $33,120 3.6%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 1,260 8.8% 0.16% $13.65 $13.64 $28,380 2.3%
53-7065 Stockers and Order Fillers detail 1,230 9.7% 0.16% $18.05 $17.74 $36,890 1.7%
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $17.60 $17.63 $36,670 17.5%


About May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022