Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2017

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
14,180 4.7 % $33.26 $69,170 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $18.31 $22.94 $30.01 $39.12 $54.03
Annual Wage (2) $38,090 $47,710 $62,430 $81,360 $112,390


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 2,900 0.10 $28.13 $58,510
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,760 0.20 $35.72 $74,300
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,770 0.27 $38.93 $80,980
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,270 0.06 $40.34 $83,910
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,240 0.23 $34.45 $71,650

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 420 0.58 $31.24 $64,980
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,770 0.27 $38.93 $80,980
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,240 0.23 $34.45 $71,650
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,760 0.20 $35.72 $74,300
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 230 0.14 $25.31 $52,650

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,270 0.06 $40.34 $83,910
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,770 0.27 $38.93 $80,980
Management of Companies and Enterprises 170 0.01 $35.93 $74,740
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,760 0.20 $35.72 $74,300
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 1,240 0.23 $34.45 $71,650


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,220 0.13 1.34 $41.51 $86,340
Iowa 1,170 0.76 7.63 $36.89 $76,720
North Carolina 920 0.22 2.16 $35.60 $74,040
Minnesota 870 0.31 3.07 $34.03 $70,780
Texas 780 0.07 0.66 $28.27 $58,810




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 510 1.23 12.32 $27.88 $57,990
Iowa 1,170 0.76 7.63 $36.89 $76,720
North Dakota 310 0.73 7.37 $38.81 $80,730
Nebraska 570 0.59 5.94 $30.39 $63,210
Kansas 540 0.39 3.93 $29.51 $61,380




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Mississippi 90 0.08 0.82 $41.74 $86,820
Connecticut 90 0.06 0.57 $41.66 $86,660
California 2,220 0.13 1.34 $41.51 $86,340
District of Columbia 60 0.09 0.86 $40.87 $85,010
Maryland 240 0.09 0.92 $39.96 $83,120



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Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Raleigh, NC 490 0.81 8.19 (8) (8)
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 450 1.24 12.49 $45.27 $94,170
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 390 0.41 4.12 $39.85 $82,880
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 220 0.07 0.75 $30.16 $62,730
Ames, IA 210 4.83 48.60 $33.42 $69,510
Madison, WI 210 0.53 5.37 $31.51 $65,540
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 200 0.17 1.74 $31.72 $65,990
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 200 0.08 0.80 $44.67 $92,920
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 190 0.11 1.15 (8) (8)
St. Louis, MO-IL 170 0.13 1.27 $30.49 $63,420


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Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ames, IA 210 4.83 48.60 $33.42 $69,510
Corvallis, OR 80 2.32 23.30 $34.38 $71,510
Manhattan, KS 60 1.62 16.31 $29.14 $60,610
Columbia, MO 140 1.54 15.52 $27.11 $56,400
College Station-Bryan, TX 140 1.25 12.55 $27.16 $56,500
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 450 1.24 12.49 $45.27 $94,170
Fort Collins, CO 160 1.02 10.24 $26.01 $54,110
Champaign-Urbana, IL 90 0.88 8.86 $27.08 $56,320
Raleigh, NC 490 0.81 8.19 (8) (8)
Grand Island, NE 30 0.81 8.14 $28.56 $59,410


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Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Fresno, CA 80 0.20 2.05 $49.71 $103,400
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 450 1.24 12.49 $45.27 $94,170
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 200 0.08 0.80 $44.67 $92,920
Napa, CA 40 0.54 5.44 $41.60 $86,530
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $41.41 $86,120
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA (8) (8) (8) $41.28 $85,870
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (8) (8) (8) $40.71 $84,680
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 390 0.41 4.12 $39.85 $82,880
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA (8) (8) (8) $39.68 $82,540
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (8) (8) (8) $39.15 $81,430

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 270 2.08 20.87 $26.22 $54,550
Central Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 190 1.72 17.31 $28.82 $59,950
Northwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 180 1.31 13.14 $30.90 $64,270
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 150 1.55 15.54 $15.94 $33,150
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 130 1.37 13.79 $38.10 $79,250

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 270 2.08 20.87 $26.22 $54,550
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 120 1.96 19.68 $27.89 $58,010
Southeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 80 1.80 18.14 $25.51 $53,060
Central Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 190 1.72 17.31 $28.82 $59,950
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 150 1.55 15.54 $15.94 $33,150

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southeast Idaho nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $38.24 $79,550
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 130 1.37 13.79 $38.10 $79,250
Northwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 40 0.21 2.14 $36.36 $75,620
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 130 1.05 10.51 $34.72 $72,230
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 70 0.32 3.18 $33.47 $69,620


About May 2017 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2017 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2018