Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2016

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
14,690 4.3 % $33.31 $69,290 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $18.18 $22.83 $29.95 $39.38 $54.99
Annual Wage (2) $37,820 $47,490 $62,300 $81,920 $114,390


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 2,540 0.08 $28.21 $58,670
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,540 0.19 $33.22 $69,110
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,250 0.34 $39.64 $82,450
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,590 0.49 $33.24 $69,150
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,330 0.07 $40.02 $83,250

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,590 0.49 $33.24 $69,150
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 360 0.49 $30.93 $64,330
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,250 0.34 $39.64 $82,450
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,540 0.19 $33.22 $69,110
Pesticide, Fertilizer, and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing 40 0.12 $27.21 $56,590

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Services to Buildings and Dwellings 240 0.01 $42.84 $89,110
Management of Companies and Enterprises 310 0.01 $42.13 $87,630
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,330 0.07 $40.02 $83,250
Scientific Research and Development Services 2,250 0.34 $39.64 $82,450
Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing 80 0.11 $34.23 $71,190


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,100 0.13 1.26 $39.59 $82,350
Iowa 1,640 1.07 10.21 $35.94 $74,760
North Carolina 1,140 0.27 2.58 $38.34 $79,740
Texas 820 0.07 0.67 $28.82 $59,940
Nebraska 730 0.76 7.23 $32.07 $66,700




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
South Dakota 460 1.11 10.58 $27.60 $57,400
Iowa 1,640 1.07 10.21 $35.94 $74,760
Nebraska 730 0.76 7.23 $32.07 $66,700
North Dakota 220 0.51 4.91 $38.59 $80,260
Montana 210 0.46 4.42 $31.83 $66,200




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 60 0.08 0.81 $41.96 $87,270
Maryland 170 0.07 0.62 $41.27 $85,850
Arkansas 50 0.04 0.39 $40.85 $84,960
Mississippi 100 0.09 0.85 $40.75 $84,750
Connecticut 100 0.06 0.55 $39.82 $82,830





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 520 0.57 5.40 $41.22 $85,740
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 470 1.32 12.62 $46.12 $95,940
Raleigh, NC 470 0.78 7.48 (8) (8)
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 360 0.19 1.80 $32.02 $66,610
Ames, IA 330 7.56 72.27 $32.78 $68,190
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 230 0.15 1.39 $36.59 $76,100
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 230 1.10 10.49 $25.52 $53,080
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 220 0.07 0.71 $29.91 $62,200
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.08 0.72 $45.81 $95,270
St. Louis, MO-IL 160 0.12 1.15 $31.10 $64,700




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ames, IA 330 7.56 72.27 $32.78 $68,190
Corvallis, OR 60 1.80 17.18 $35.67 $74,200
Columbia, MO 150 1.67 15.93 $26.59 $55,310
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 470 1.32 12.62 $46.12 $95,940
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 230 1.10 10.49 $25.52 $53,080
College Station-Bryan, TX 110 1.07 10.18 $27.70 $57,610
Ithaca, NY 50 0.97 9.30 $35.52 $73,890
Raleigh, NC 470 0.78 7.48 (8) (8)
Albany, OR 30 0.77 7.35 $31.88 $66,310
Salem, OR 120 0.75 7.21 $33.72 $70,140




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Fresno, CA 90 0.27 2.57 $46.66 $97,050
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 470 1.32 12.62 $46.12 $95,940
Napa, CA 30 0.43 4.13 $46.03 $95,740
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.08 0.72 $45.81 $95,270
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 520 0.57 5.40 $41.22 $85,740
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA (8) (8) (8) $40.55 $84,350
Grand Forks, ND-MN 40 0.71 6.77 $39.00 $81,110
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 120 0.03 0.28 $38.42 $79,910
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 120 0.06 0.59 $37.68 $78,370
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA 50 0.41 3.91 $37.46 $77,920

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 270 2.06 19.65 $26.56 $55,240
Central Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 220 2.04 19.52 $25.51 $53,050
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 120 0.97 9.29 $32.91 $68,450
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 1.28 12.27 $33.80 $70,310
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 90 1.45 13.86 $25.45 $52,940

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Far East North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 50 2.14 20.46 $62.35 $129,680
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 270 2.06 19.65 $26.56 $55,240
Central Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 220 2.04 19.52 $25.51 $53,050
West South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 90 1.45 13.86 $25.45 $52,940
East Montana nonmetropolitan area 50 1.38 13.18 $33.56 $69,810

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Far East North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 50 2.14 20.46 $62.35 $129,680
Northwest Mississippi nonmetropolitan area 30 0.32 3.08 $46.06 $95,810
West Montana nonmetropolitan area 30 0.42 4.02 $40.60 $84,440
Northeast Mississippi nonmetropolitan area 40 0.18 1.68 $39.33 $81,800
West Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $37.31 $77,610


About May 2016 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017