Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2016

19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
30,420 3.0 % $51.15 $106,390 1.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $22.81 $30.21 $43.16 $61.36 $90.88
Annual Wage (2) $47,450 $62,830 $89,780 $127,620 $189,020


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 8,120 0.58 $42.63 $88,660
Oil and Gas Extraction 6,300 3.47 $71.84 $149,420
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 4,700 0.35 $42.56 $88,520
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 2,210 0.11 $48.08 $100,010
State Government (OES Designation) 2,180 0.10 $36.34 $75,580

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oil and Gas Extraction 6,300 3.47 $71.84 $149,420
Metal Ore Mining 390 0.97 $41.74 $86,830
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 8,120 0.58 $42.63 $88,660
Support Activities for Mining 1,110 0.40 $65.46 $136,160
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 4,700 0.35 $42.56 $88,520

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Natural Gas Distribution (8) (8) $81.10 $168,690
Management of Companies and Enterprises 1,770 0.08 $75.85 $157,760
Oil and Gas Extraction 6,300 3.47 $71.84 $149,420
Computer Systems Design and Related Services (8) (8) $69.42 $144,400
Support Activities for Mining 1,110 0.40 $65.46 $136,160


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 9,070 0.77 3.56 $68.68 $142,850
California 3,910 0.24 1.13 $44.58 $92,720
Colorado 2,180 0.87 4.01 $54.89 $114,170
Louisiana 1,100 0.57 2.64 $51.21 $106,530
Oklahoma 1,090 0.69 3.17 $59.11 $122,950




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 460 1.44 6.63 $48.71 $101,320
Colorado 2,180 0.87 4.01 $54.89 $114,170
Texas 9,070 0.77 3.56 $68.68 $142,850
Wyoming 200 0.72 3.34 $36.59 $76,110
Oklahoma 1,090 0.69 3.17 $59.11 $122,950




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 9,070 0.77 3.56 $68.68 $142,850
District of Columbia (8) (8) (8) $61.16 $127,220
Oklahoma 1,090 0.69 3.17 $59.11 $122,950
Colorado 2,180 0.87 4.01 $54.89 $114,170
Louisiana 1,100 0.57 2.64 $51.21 $106,530





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,470 2.21 10.18 $73.05 $151,940
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,480 1.05 4.84 $61.06 $127,010
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 750 0.47 2.17 $40.94 $85,160
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 650 0.15 0.71 $40.20 $83,620
Oklahoma City, OK 640 1.05 4.87 $58.70 $122,090
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 580 0.37 1.72 $34.31 $71,370
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 490 0.08 0.35 $40.44 $84,110
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 440 0.49 2.25 $44.49 $92,540
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 440 0.32 1.46 $44.58 $92,720
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 440 0.78 3.61 $64.18 $133,490




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 400 4.59 21.20 $79.22 $164,770
Fairbanks, AK 90 2.55 11.79 $38.96 $81,030
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,470 2.21 10.18 $73.05 $151,940
Anchorage, AK 300 1.72 7.93 $52.63 $109,480
Farmington, NM 80 1.56 7.18 $40.89 $85,050
Reno, NV 310 1.47 6.81 $53.83 $111,960
Lafayette, LA 290 1.43 6.62 $52.86 $109,960
Flagstaff, AZ 70 1.12 5.18 $28.45 $59,180
College Station-Bryan, TX 120 1.09 5.05 $36.75 $76,440
Oklahoma City, OK 640 1.05 4.87 $58.70 $122,090




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 400 4.59 21.20 $79.22 $164,770
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,470 2.21 10.18 $73.05 $151,940
Tulsa, OK 260 0.60 2.75 $68.79 $143,080
Salinas, CA 60 0.35 1.64 $65.49 $136,220
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 440 0.78 3.61 $64.18 $133,490
Bakersfield, CA 210 0.72 3.32 $61.81 $128,570
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,480 1.05 4.84 $61.06 $127,010
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 310 0.12 0.58 $59.25 $123,250
Oklahoma City, OK 640 1.05 4.87 $58.70 $122,090
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 250 0.25 1.16 $58.25 $121,150

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Nevada nonmetropolitan area 170 3.95 18.23 $41.80 $86,950
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 120 0.91 4.20 $37.95 $78,940
North Texas nonmetropolitan area 120 0.44 2.04 $50.51 $105,060
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 80 0.55 2.56 (8) (8)
West Texas nonmetropolitan area 80 0.42 1.92 (8) (8)

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Nevada nonmetropolitan area 170 3.95 18.23 $41.80 $86,950
Southwestern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 70 2.60 12.01 $36.15 $75,200
Central-Southeast Wyoming nonmetropolitan area 50 1.17 5.42 $30.58 $63,600
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 120 0.91 4.20 $37.95 $78,940
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 80 0.65 2.99 $50.07 $104,140

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $66.00 $137,280
North Texas nonmetropolitan area 120 0.44 2.04 $50.51 $105,060
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 80 0.65 2.99 $50.07 $104,140
Southwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $48.18 $100,200
Balance of Alaska nonmetropolitan area 40 0.54 2.48 $47.00 $97,770


About May 2016 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017