Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2017

19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
28,520 3.6 % $50.88 $105,830 1.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $23.48 $30.46 $43.20 $60.31 $88.52
Annual Wage (2) $48,850 $63,350 $89,850 $125,450 $184,130


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 8,370 0.59 $44.28 $92,110
Oil and Gas Extraction 4,340 3.21 $73.54 $152,960
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 4,250 0.31 $41.64 $86,600
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 2,220 0.11 $48.66 $101,210
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 2,170 0.10 $36.28 $75,460

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Oil and Gas Extraction 4,340 3.21 $73.54 $152,960
Metal Ore Mining 390 1.03 $42.68 $88,780
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services 8,370 0.59 $44.28 $92,110
Support Activities for Mining 1,200 0.44 $68.81 $143,110
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 4,250 0.31 $41.64 $86,600

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Management of Companies and Enterprises 1,630 0.07 $78.95 $164,210
Natural Gas Distribution 50 0.05 $75.83 $157,730
Oil and Gas Extraction 4,340 3.21 $73.54 $152,960
Support Activities for Mining 1,200 0.44 $68.81 $143,110
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 50 (7) $68.54 $142,570


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 7,780 0.65 3.27 $70.28 $146,180
California 3,650 0.22 1.09 $44.82 $93,230
Colorado 1,900 0.74 3.72 $56.22 $116,930
Washington 1,030 0.32 1.61 $42.21 $87,790
Pennsylvania 1,000 0.17 0.86 $41.30 $85,900




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 450 1.42 7.12 $48.94 $101,790
Colorado 1,900 0.74 3.72 $56.22 $116,930
Wyoming 180 0.66 3.28 $36.17 $75,220
Texas 7,780 0.65 3.27 $70.28 $146,180
Oklahoma 990 0.63 3.16 $58.67 $122,040




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 7,780 0.65 3.27 $70.28 $146,180
District of Columbia 60 0.08 0.40 $60.81 $126,490
Oklahoma 990 0.63 3.16 $58.67 $122,040
Colorado 1,900 0.74 3.72 $56.22 $116,930
Hawaii 110 0.17 0.83 $55.39 $115,220



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Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 5,170 1.76 8.81 $74.47 $154,890
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,160 0.80 4.02 $65.78 $136,820
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 710 0.43 2.16 $42.32 $88,020
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 630 0.14 0.71 $38.56 $80,200
Oklahoma City, OK 570 0.94 4.69 $56.52 $117,560
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 510 0.31 1.57 $39.78 $82,730
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 450 0.18 0.90 (8) (8)
Boulder, CO 430 2.42 12.12 $44.85 $93,280
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 410 0.29 1.44 $42.80 $89,020
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 410 0.43 2.13 $45.34 $94,300


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Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 330 3.70 18.51 $84.20 $175,140
Fairbanks, AK 100 2.66 13.30 $40.04 $83,280
Boulder, CO 430 2.42 12.12 $44.85 $93,280
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 5,170 1.76 8.81 $74.47 $154,890
Anchorage, AK 250 1.47 7.35 $53.54 $111,360
College Station-Bryan, TX 140 1.22 6.08 $36.93 $76,820
Corvallis, OR 40 1.03 5.13 $40.55 $84,350
Reno, NV 230 1.02 5.12 $52.13 $108,440
Lafayette, LA 200 1.02 5.08 (8) (8)
Oklahoma City, OK 570 0.94 4.69 $56.52 $117,560


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Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Midland, TX 330 3.70 18.51 $84.20 $175,140
Tulsa, OK 240 0.56 2.78 $76.21 $158,510
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 5,170 1.76 8.81 $74.47 $154,890
Bakersfield, CA 190 0.63 3.13 $66.97 $139,300
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 1,160 0.80 4.02 $65.78 $136,820
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 310 0.57 2.84 $65.72 $136,690
Salinas, CA (8) (8) (8) $64.41 $133,970
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 260 0.26 1.30 $62.79 $130,600
Tyler, TX 30 0.34 1.69 $61.26 $127,410
Corpus Christi, TX 80 0.41 2.04 $61.15 $127,190

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Nevada nonmetropolitan area 190 4.45 22.24 $41.11 $85,500
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 140 1.05 5.24 $41.99 $87,340
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 110 0.58 2.92 (8) (8)
North Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 110 0.41 2.07 $49.14 $102,220
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 80 0.40 1.98 $31.23 $64,960

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Nevada nonmetropolitan area 190 4.45 22.24 $41.11 $85,500
Southwestern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 70 2.56 12.79 $37.84 $78,700
Central-Southeast Wyoming nonmetropolitan area 60 1.54 7.70 $32.88 $68,380
Southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area 140 1.05 5.24 $41.99 $87,340
Central Montana nonmetropolitan area 30 1.01 5.05 $38.90 $80,910

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $54.22 $112,780
Arizona nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $49.23 $102,410
North Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 110 0.41 2.07 $49.14 $102,220
Balance of Alaska nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $47.00 $97,760
Southwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 50 0.82 4.08 $46.17 $96,040


About May 2017 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2017 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2018