Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2016

19-3041 Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
2,870 5.3 % $41.75 $86,840 2.8 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $20.17 $27.72 $38.34 $51.98 $70.61
Annual Wage (2) $41,950 $57,650 $79,750 $108,130 $146,860


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,210 0.18 $51.49 $107,090
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 540 0.02 $29.05 $60,420
State Government (OES Designation) 420 0.02 $38.40 $79,870
Local Government (OES Designation) 140 0.00 $42.75 $88,920
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 130 0.01 $32.50 $67,610

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,210 0.18 $51.49 $107,090
State Government (OES Designation) 420 0.02 $38.40 $79,870
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 540 0.02 $29.05 $60,420
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 130 0.01 $32.50 $67,610
Local Government (OES Designation) 140 0.00 $42.75 $88,920

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,210 0.18 $51.49 $107,090
Local Government (OES Designation) 140 (7) $42.75 $88,920
State Government (OES Designation) 420 0.02 $38.40 $79,870
Social Advocacy Organizations (8) (8) $34.67 $72,110
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 130 0.01 $32.50 $67,610


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,100 0.07 3.37 $47.29 $98,360
New York 290 0.03 1.56 $33.20 $69,060
North Carolina 180 0.04 2.03 $42.07 $87,510
Wisconsin 140 0.05 2.37 $31.78 $66,100
Virginia 100 0.03 1.36 (8) (8)




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,100 0.07 3.37 $47.29 $98,360
Wisconsin 140 0.05 2.37 $31.78 $66,100
North Carolina 180 0.04 2.03 $42.07 $87,510
Virginia 100 0.03 1.36 (8) (8)
New York 290 0.03 1.56 $33.20 $69,060




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Massachusetts 80 0.02 1.19 $56.84 $118,230
New Jersey 60 0.02 0.75 $55.09 $114,600
Pennsylvania 80 0.01 0.65 $48.99 $101,900
California 1,100 0.07 3.37 $47.29 $98,360
Oregon 40 0.02 1.21 $45.25 $94,130





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 280 0.04 2.08 $31.95 $66,450
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 260 0.24 11.80 $43.68 $90,860
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 250 0.06 2.87 $57.99 $120,620
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA Metropolitan Division 190 0.18 8.60 $50.94 $105,950
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.07 3.64 $51.02 $106,120
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 170 0.59 28.97 $42.33 $88,040
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 130 0.15 7.16 $37.02 $77,010
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 80 0.05 2.28 $56.84 $118,230
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division 70 0.02 0.96 $32.91 $68,460
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 50 0.03 1.58 $34.60 $71,970




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 170 0.59 28.97 $42.33 $88,040
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 260 0.24 11.80 $43.68 $90,860
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA Metropolitan Division 190 0.18 8.60 $50.94 $105,950
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 130 0.15 7.16 $37.02 $77,010
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.07 3.64 $51.02 $106,120
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 250 0.06 2.87 $57.99 $120,620
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 80 0.05 2.28 $56.84 $118,230
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 280 0.04 2.08 $31.95 $66,450
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 50 0.03 1.58 $34.60 $71,970
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 40 0.03 1.51 $42.67 $88,760




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pittsburgh, PA 30 0.03 1.38 $63.06 $131,170
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 250 0.06 2.87 $57.99 $120,620
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 80 0.05 2.28 $56.84 $118,230
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.07 3.64 $51.02 $106,120
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA Metropolitan Division 190 0.18 8.60 $50.94 $105,950
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 30 0.02 1.15 $44.23 $91,990
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 260 0.24 11.80 $43.68 $90,860
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 40 0.03 1.51 $42.67 $88,760
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 170 0.59 28.97 $42.33 $88,040
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 130 0.15 7.16 $37.02 $77,010


About May 2016 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017