Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2017

19-3041 Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
2,770 5.6 % $41.41 $86,130 3.0 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $18.61 $27.51 $38.29 $50.99 $68.01
Annual Wage (2) $38,710 $57,220 $79,650 $106,060 $141,450


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,090 0.17 $49.19 $102,320
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 530 0.02 $31.03 $64,550
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 420 0.02 $40.28 $83,790
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 150 0.01 $31.80 $66,150
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 140 0.00 $42.73 $88,890

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,090 0.17 $49.19 $102,320
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 420 0.02 $40.28 $83,790
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 530 0.02 $31.03 $64,550
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 150 0.01 $31.80 $66,150
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 140 0.00 $42.73 $88,890

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 1,090 0.17 $49.19 $102,320
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 140 (7) $42.73 $88,890
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 420 0.02 $40.28 $83,790
Social Advocacy Organizations (8) (8) $33.13 $68,920
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 150 0.01 $31.80 $66,150


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 990 0.06 3.04 $45.94 $95,550
New York 310 0.03 1.71 $35.12 $73,040
North Carolina 140 0.03 1.67 $43.94 $91,400
Massachusetts 130 0.04 1.88 $52.97 $110,170
Texas 110 0.01 0.47 $20.92 $43,520




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 990 0.06 3.04 $45.94 $95,550
Massachusetts 130 0.04 1.88 $52.97 $110,170
Washington 80 0.03 1.34 $34.91 $72,610
Utah 50 0.03 1.67 $32.65 $67,910
North Carolina 140 0.03 1.67 $43.94 $91,400




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Massachusetts 130 0.04 1.88 $52.97 $110,170
Pennsylvania 80 0.01 0.72 $49.66 $103,280
California 990 0.06 3.04 $45.94 $95,550
Oregon 40 0.02 1.13 $44.78 $93,150
District of Columbia (8) (8) (8) $44.25 $92,040



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Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 300 0.04 2.29 $34.92 $72,620
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 270 0.06 3.19 $51.40 $106,910
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 200 0.18 9.20 $44.15 $91,840
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 170 0.07 3.52 $56.35 $117,210
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 140 0.46 23.68 $44.28 $92,100
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 120 0.07 3.43 $49.80 $103,590
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 120 0.13 6.54 $39.89 $82,980
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division 80 0.02 1.08 $32.90 $68,440
Columbus, OH 70 0.07 3.52 $31.09 $64,670
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 50 0.03 1.62 $35.43 $73,700


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Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 140 0.46 23.68 $44.28 $92,100
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 200 0.18 9.20 $44.15 $91,840
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 120 0.13 6.54 $39.89 $82,980
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 120 0.07 3.43 $49.80 $103,590
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 170 0.07 3.52 $56.35 $117,210
Columbus, OH 70 0.07 3.52 $31.09 $64,670
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 270 0.06 3.19 $51.40 $106,910
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 40 0.04 2.28 $48.75 $101,400
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 300 0.04 2.29 $34.92 $72,620
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 50 0.03 1.62 $35.43 $73,700


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Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 170 0.07 3.52 $56.35 $117,210
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 270 0.06 3.19 $51.40 $106,910
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 120 0.07 3.43 $49.80 $103,590
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $49.35 $102,650
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 40 0.04 2.28 $48.75 $101,400
Trenton, NJ (8) (8) (8) $44.76 $93,100
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 140 0.46 23.68 $44.28 $92,100
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Division 200 0.18 9.20 $44.15 $91,840
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 120 0.13 6.54 $39.89 $82,980
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 30 0.02 1.10 $39.23 $81,600


About May 2017 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2017 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2018