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Occupational Employment Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2019

23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements. Excludes "Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators" (23-1022).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
14,380 0.4 % $48.19 $100,230 0.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $22.10 $31.31 $47.05 $62.44 $82.70
Annual Wage (2) $45,970 $65,130 $97,870 $129,880 $172,010


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 6,970 0.32 $41.88 $87,110
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 4,510 0.22 $63.47 $132,020
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 2,880 0.05 $39.46 $82,070

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 6,970 0.32 $41.88 $87,110
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 4,510 0.22 $63.47 $132,020
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 2,880 0.05 $39.46 $82,070

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 4,510 0.22 $63.47 $132,020
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 6,970 0.32 $41.88 $87,110
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 2,880 0.05 $39.46 $82,070


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 1,800 0.10 1.06 $58.13 $120,900
New York 1,420 0.15 1.52 $54.40 $113,150
Texas 1,010 0.08 0.83 $41.77 $86,880
Ohio 770 0.14 1.45 $40.69 $84,640
Pennsylvania 770 0.13 1.33 $45.33 $94,290




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Virginia 170 0.24 2.41 $39.61 $82,380
Oregon 440 0.23 2.34 $41.29 $85,880
New Mexico 160 0.20 2.00 $38.33 $79,730
Arkansas 230 0.19 1.94 $34.71 $72,200
Kentucky 330 0.18 1.79 $30.29 $62,990




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alabama 100 0.05 0.50 $61.68 $128,290
Indiana 90 0.03 0.28 $59.76 $124,300
Massachusetts 200 0.06 0.57 $58.47 $121,620
Missouri 180 0.06 0.64 $58.14 $120,930
California 1,800 0.10 1.06 $58.13 $120,900





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 1,290 0.13 1.36 $53.28 $110,810
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 750 0.12 1.23 $52.38 $108,950
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 570 0.18 1.84 $62.93 $130,890
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 390 0.14 1.47 $36.82 $76,590
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 380 0.13 1.34 $45.84 $95,340
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 340 0.14 1.41 $60.73 $126,310
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 340 0.07 0.73 $54.19 $112,710
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 290 0.10 0.98 $51.09 $106,280
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 290 0.28 2.87 $67.35 $140,080
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 200 0.09 0.96 $42.72 $88,850




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Charleston, WV 80 0.76 7.76 $34.41 $71,570
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 130 0.62 6.32 $53.64 $111,560
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 200 0.57 5.78 $33.59 $69,870
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 140 0.42 4.32 $44.08 $91,680
Montgomery, AL 60 0.34 3.50 $48.50 $100,880
Savannah, GA 50 0.29 2.98 $34.27 $71,290
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 290 0.28 2.87 $67.35 $140,080
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 30 0.23 2.36 $48.79 $101,480
Richmond, VA 140 0.22 2.21 $38.41 $79,890
Columbia, SC 80 0.22 2.25 $40.52 $84,280




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 290 0.28 2.87 $67.35 $140,080
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 90 0.06 0.57 $64.76 $134,690
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 30 0.03 0.30 $64.22 $133,580
Kansas City, MO-KS 60 0.05 0.55 $63.55 $132,180
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 570 0.18 1.84 $62.93 $130,890
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN 40 0.04 0.39 $61.83 $128,610
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 120 0.08 0.80 $61.49 $127,890
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 340 0.14 1.41 $60.73 $126,310
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI 140 0.07 0.74 $59.33 $123,400
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 140 0.05 0.52 $59.10 $122,930

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 70 0.35 3.54 $19.13 $39,780
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 60 0.30 3.02 $30.10 $62,600
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 2.52 $15.52 $32,290

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 70 0.35 3.54 $19.13 $39,780
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 60 0.30 3.02 $30.10 $62,600
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 2.52 $15.52 $32,290

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 60 0.30 3.02 $30.10 $62,600
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 70 0.35 3.54 $19.13 $39,780
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 2.52 $15.52 $32,290


About May 2019 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2019 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2020