Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2016

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
18,660 5.1 % (4) $35,540 6.2 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $18,150 $20,040 $25,660 $39,820 $58,160
  (4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 6,570 0.12 (4) $31,140
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 4,380 0.35 (4) $31,230
Spectator Sports 1,800 1.29 (4) $38,670
Civic and Social Organizations 1,390 0.36 (4) $26,560
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,040 0.01 (4) $33,540

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 1,800 1.29 (4) $38,670
Civic and Social Organizations 1,390 0.36 (4) $26,560
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 4,380 0.35 (4) $31,230
Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations 990 0.23 (8) (8)
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 230 0.17 (4) $36,330

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government (OES Designation) 200 0.01 (4) $56,250
Traveler Accommodation 70 (7) (4) $44,720
Spectator Sports 1,800 1.29 (4) $38,670
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 230 0.17 (4) $36,330
Gambling Industries 140 0.05 (4) $34,250


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Illinois 1,820 0.31 2.32 (4) $30,580
New York 1,790 0.20 1.48 (8) (8)
California 1,740 0.11 0.82 (4) $32,760
Colorado 1,280 0.51 3.83 (4) $28,380
Texas 970 0.08 0.62 (4) $33,170




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 240 0.74 5.59 (4) $45,300
Colorado 1,280 0.51 3.83 (4) $28,380
Kansas 650 0.47 3.54 (4) $31,040
Missouri 900 0.33 2.46 (4) $26,250
Illinois 1,820 0.31 2.32 (4) $30,580




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 240 0.74 5.59 (4) $45,300
West Virginia 130 0.18 1.38 (4) $44,100
Florida 670 0.08 0.61 (4) $42,700
New Jersey 220 0.06 0.43 (4) $41,130
North Carolina 610 0.14 1.08 (4) $39,440





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,630 0.25 1.86 (8) (8)
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 630 0.45 3.36 (4) $28,770
St. Louis, MO-IL 580 0.43 3.24 (4) $26,430
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 460 0.11 0.82 (4) $25,460
Kansas City, MO-KS 410 0.39 2.94 (4) $31,110
Raleigh, NC 400 0.67 5.05 (4) $39,830
Provo-Orem, UT 400 1.81 13.62 (4) $18,590
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 330 0.13 0.98 (4) $37,330
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 270 0.11 0.84 (4) $27,080
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA 260 0.47 3.52 (4) $28,080




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Lawrence, KS 210 4.27 32.13 (4) $30,040
Provo-Orem, UT 400 1.81 13.62 (4) $18,590
Jefferson City, MO 70 0.98 7.40 (4) $23,890
Charlottesville, VA 80 0.73 5.47 (4) $41,650
Bend-Redmond, OR 50 0.68 5.13 (4) $30,360
Raleigh, NC 400 0.67 5.05 (4) $39,830
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA 260 0.47 3.52 (4) $28,080
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 80 0.47 3.51 (4) $20,180
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 30 0.46 3.46 (4) $35,950
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 630 0.45 3.36 (4) $28,770




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Newark, NJ-PA Metropolitan Division 60 0.05 0.39 (4) $70,660
Jacksonville, FL (8) (8) (8) (4) $53,610
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division 130 0.07 0.54 (4) $48,610
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 80 0.06 0.45 (4) $47,870
Anchorage, AK (8) (8) (8) (4) $43,670
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 160 0.10 0.76 (4) $43,160
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 110 0.10 0.73 (4) $42,070
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (8) (8) (8) (4) $42,000
Charlottesville, VA 80 0.73 5.47 (4) $41,650
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 100 0.07 0.56 (4) $41,380

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 80 0.32 2.43 (4) $33,140
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 60 1.35 10.19 (4) $26,050
Southwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.52 3.91 (4) $22,960
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.42 3.14 (4) $36,830
Balance of Alaska nonmetropolitan area 50 0.64 4.84 (4) $46,360

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 60 1.35 10.19 (4) $26,050
Balance of Alaska nonmetropolitan area 50 0.64 4.84 (4) $46,360
Southwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.52 3.91 (4) $22,960
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.42 3.14 (4) $36,830
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 30 0.32 2.44 (4) $36,380

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Balance of Alaska nonmetropolitan area 50 0.64 4.84 (4) $46,360
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 50 0.42 3.14 (4) $36,830
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 30 0.32 2.44 (4) $36,380
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 80 0.32 2.43 (4) $33,140
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 40 0.19 1.42 (4) $31,800


About May 2016 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017