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Occupational Employment Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2019

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
20,120 3.3 % (4) $38,810 4.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $18,310 $21,580 $28,550 $44,750 $62,490
  (4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 8,100 0.15 (4) $33,470
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 4,050 0.30 (4) $32,930
Spectator Sports 2,280 1.55 (4) $56,900
Civic and Social Organizations 1,870 0.48 (4) $33,070
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 950 0.03 (4) $28,200

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,280 1.55 (4) $56,900
Civic and Social Organizations 1,870 0.48 (4) $33,070
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 600 0.38 (4) $34,020
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 4,050 0.30 (4) $32,930
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 8,100 0.15 (4) $33,470

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,280 1.55 (4) $56,900
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 130 0.01 (4) $51,960
Employment Services (8) (8) (4) $51,730
Junior Colleges 120 0.02 (4) $46,550
Gambling Industries 80 0.04 (4) $43,180


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,160 0.12 0.91 (4) $34,820
Colorado 1,500 0.56 4.08 (4) $32,850
Missouri 1,280 0.45 3.31 (4) $35,260
Utah 1,190 0.79 5.79 (4) $22,420
Illinois 1,120 0.19 1.36 (4) $38,570




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 1,190 0.79 5.79 (4) $22,420
Alaska 240 0.77 5.59 (8) (8)
Kansas 950 0.68 4.99 (4) $34,200
North Dakota 280 0.66 4.82 (4) $39,620
Colorado 1,500 0.56 4.08 (4) $32,850




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New Jersey 220 0.05 0.40 (4) $57,330
Massachusetts 380 0.10 0.76 (4) $50,370
Connecticut 50 0.03 0.21 (4) $47,090
Louisiana 420 0.22 1.61 (4) $46,920
Arizona 480 0.17 1.22 (4) $44,880





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 960 0.63 4.62 (4) $32,840
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 920 0.20 1.44 (4) $42,130
St. Louis, MO-IL 800 0.59 4.28 (4) $36,530
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 740 0.08 0.56 (8) (8)
Provo-Orem, UT 630 2.49 18.19 (4) $19,420
Kansas City, MO-KS 610 0.57 4.12 (4) $36,270
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 470 0.23 1.71 (4) $41,740
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 450 0.07 0.52 (4) $34,920
Ann Arbor, MI 450 2.00 14.59 (4) $24,720
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 400 0.40 2.96 (4) $33,140




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Provo-Orem, UT 630 2.49 18.19 (4) $19,420
Ann Arbor, MI 450 2.00 14.59 (4) $24,720
St. George, UT 120 1.69 12.36 (4) $25,120
Cape Girardeau, MO-IL 50 1.16 8.49 (8) (8)
Greeley, CO 110 0.99 7.22 (4) $31,820
Champaign-Urbana, IL 80 0.74 5.43 (4) $26,650
Appleton, WI 90 0.73 5.35 (4) $21,920
Fargo, ND-MN 100 0.72 5.23 (4) $47,560
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 170 0.64 4.66 (4) $21,310
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 960 0.63 4.62 (4) $32,840




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 130 0.04 0.30 (4) $55,760
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 270 0.10 0.70 (4) $55,440
Modesto, CA (8) (8) (8) (4) $50,650
Lexington-Fayette, KY 40 0.14 1.05 (4) $50,180
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY (8) (8) (8) (4) $50,160
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 380 0.18 1.31 (4) $48,890
Fargo, ND-MN 100 0.72 5.23 (4) $47,560
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN 70 0.10 0.75 (4) $47,460
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 80 0.07 0.52 (4) $46,940
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 160 0.06 0.43 (4) $46,610

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 240 0.60 4.40 (4) $41,010
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 0.85 6.18 (4) $41,740
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 100 0.89 6.49 (4) $19,800
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 80 0.74 5.37 (4) $28,360
Central Utah nonmetropolitan area 40 0.80 5.88 (4) $23,620

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 100 0.89 6.49 (4) $19,800
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 0.85 6.18 (4) $41,740
Central Utah nonmetropolitan area 40 0.80 5.88 (4) $23,620
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 80 0.74 5.37 (4) $28,360
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 240 0.60 4.40 (4) $41,010

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 0.85 6.18 (4) $41,740
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 40 0.33 2.44 (4) $41,600
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 240 0.60 4.40 (4) $41,010
Southwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 30 0.34 2.50 (4) $36,470
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 80 0.74 5.37 (4) $28,360


About May 2019 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2019 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2019 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2020