Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2017

45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Excludes "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041) and "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
282,300 1.8 % $12.05 $25,070 0.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $10.00 $10.28 $11.24 $12.47 $15.99
Annual Wage (2) $20,810 $21,380 $23,380 $25,930 $33,270


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Support Activities for Crop Production 222,490 64.60 $11.88 $24,700
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 15,760 2.91 $11.99 $24,930
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,550 7.17 $12.26 $25,490
Beverage Manufacturing 5,850 2.39 $13.79 $28,690
Employment Services 5,210 0.15 $11.59 $24,110

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Support Activities for Crop Production 222,490 64.60 $11.88 $24,700
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,550 7.17 $12.26 $25,490
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 15,760 2.91 $11.99 $24,930
Beverage Manufacturing 5,850 2.39 $13.79 $28,690
Florists 780 1.22 $11.52 $23,960

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Food Manufacturing 40 0.02 $17.64 $36,700
Utility System Construction 40 0.01 $16.55 $34,430
Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing 110 0.04 $16.07 $33,420
Elementary and Secondary Schools (8) (8) $15.78 $32,830
Social Advocacy Organizations 250 0.12 $15.76 $32,770


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 189,930 11.38 5.74 $11.96 $24,870
Florida 13,250 1.57 0.79 $10.99 $22,850
Arizona 10,700 3.96 2.00 $11.23 $23,350
Washington 9,710 3.05 1.54 $13.94 $29,000
Texas 5,520 0.46 0.23 $9.98 $20,750




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 189,930 11.38 5.74 $11.96 $24,870
Arizona 10,700 3.96 2.00 $11.23 $23,350
Idaho 2,140 3.12 1.58 $10.66 $22,160
Washington 9,710 3.05 1.54 $13.94 $29,000
Oregon 5,160 2.82 1.42 $12.61 $26,230




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nebraska 770 0.80 0.40 $17.59 $36,580
Rhode Island (8) (8) (8) $17.24 $35,860
District of Columbia 60 0.08 0.04 $16.61 $34,540
Wyoming 50 0.18 0.09 $16.26 $33,820
New York (8) (8) (8) $15.56 $32,360



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Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Bakersfield, CA 39,810 131.12 66.21 $11.01 $22,890
Salinas, CA 29,050 169.02 85.35 $12.99 $27,010
Fresno, CA 26,590 71.33 36.02 $11.15 $23,190
Visalia-Porterville, CA 23,020 151.00 76.25 $12.48 $25,960
Stockton-Lodi, CA 8,770 36.14 18.25 $12.48 $25,970
Yuma, AZ 7,000 115.86 58.50 $10.78 $22,410
Madera, CA 6,660 152.28 76.90 $11.42 $23,760
El Centro, CA 6,340 105.30 53.17 $11.63 $24,200
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA 6,320 34.06 17.20 $11.91 $24,780
Modesto, CA 6,210 34.27 17.30 $12.48 $25,970


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Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Salinas, CA 29,050 169.02 85.35 $12.99 $27,010
Madera, CA 6,660 152.28 76.90 $11.42 $23,760
Visalia-Porterville, CA 23,020 151.00 76.25 $12.48 $25,960
Bakersfield, CA 39,810 131.12 66.21 $11.01 $22,890
Yuma, AZ 7,000 115.86 58.50 $10.78 $22,410
El Centro, CA 6,340 105.30 53.17 $11.63 $24,200
Fresno, CA 26,590 71.33 36.02 $11.15 $23,190
Merced, CA 3,750 54.26 27.40 $11.52 $23,960
Hanford-Corcoran, CA 2,100 49.74 25.12 $11.64 $24,210
Yakima, WA 4,040 45.06 22.75 $14.48 $30,110


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Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Grand Island, NE 160 4.06 2.05 $21.18 $44,060
Ithaca, NY 30 0.64 0.32 $18.63 $38,760
Worcester, MA-CT (8) (8) (8) $17.76 $36,940
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA (8) (8) (8) $17.33 $36,050
Columbia, MO 30 0.33 0.17 $16.68 $34,700
Waterbury, CT 60 0.81 0.41 $16.63 $34,590
Springfield, MA-CT (8) (8) (8) $16.25 $33,790
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $16.24 $33,770
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 200 0.60 0.30 $16.23 $33,770
Barnstable Town, MA (8) (8) (8) $16.17 $33,640

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Valley Region of California nonmetropolitan area 1,780 56.87 28.72 $11.76 $24,460
South Georgia nonmetropolitan area 1,220 6.60 3.33 $10.05 $20,910
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 1,190 15.29 7.72 $11.38 $23,660
West Texas Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 970 5.07 2.56 $9.52 $19,800
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 970 9.29 4.69 $13.07 $27,180

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Valley Region of California nonmetropolitan area 1,780 56.87 28.72 $11.76 $24,460
Central Washington nonmetropolitan area 540 16.21 8.19 $14.32 $29,780
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 1,190 15.29 7.72 $11.38 $23,660
East Washington nonmetropolitan area 800 13.25 6.69 $14.86 $30,910
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 970 9.29 4.69 $13.07 $27,180

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Central Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 310 2.86 1.44 $19.68 $40,940
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 90 0.76 0.39 $18.73 $38,950
Southwest Washington nonmetropolitan area 290 4.35 2.20 $16.69 $34,710
South Nevada nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $16.04 $33,370
Southeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $15.97 $33,220


About May 2017 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2017 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2018