Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2016

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
17,730 4.3 % $20.12 $41,840 1.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $11.87 $15.51 $19.73 $24.04 $28.84
Annual Wage (2) $24,700 $32,260 $41,040 $50,000 $59,980


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,340 5.17 $20.85 $43,360
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 3,780 6.28 $20.82 $43,300
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,460 5.90 $20.40 $42,430
Foundries 3,170 2.62 $17.91 $37,260
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 560 0.99 $24.26 $50,460

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 3,780 6.28 $20.82 $43,300
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,460 5.90 $20.40 $42,430
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,340 5.17 $20.85 $43,360
Foundries 3,170 2.62 $17.91 $37,260
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 560 0.99 $24.26 $50,460

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 560 0.99 $24.26 $50,460
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing 60 0.03 $21.32 $44,350
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,340 5.17 $20.85 $43,360
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 3,780 6.28 $20.82 $43,300
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,460 5.90 $20.40 $42,430


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 2,050 0.68 5.42 $20.05 $41,700
Pennsylvania 1,640 0.28 2.25 $21.87 $45,490
Alabama 1,200 0.63 4.96 $20.91 $43,490
Ohio 1,200 0.22 1.77 $20.24 $42,100
Michigan 1,020 0.24 1.92 $17.24 $35,860




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 2,050 0.68 5.42 $20.05 $41,700
Alabama 1,200 0.63 4.96 $20.91 $43,490
Utah 620 0.45 3.57 $23.17 $48,200
Kentucky 550 0.30 2.34 $19.87 $41,330
Pennsylvania 1,640 0.28 2.25 $21.87 $45,490




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nevada 110 0.09 0.70 $26.08 $54,240
Virginia 190 0.05 0.41 $25.25 $52,510
South Carolina 430 0.22 1.74 $25.16 $52,330
North Carolina 830 0.20 1.56 $23.95 $49,810
Louisiana (8) (8) (8) $23.70 $49,300





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,180 4.45 35.20 $20.45 $42,540
Salt Lake City, UT 580 0.86 6.79 $23.32 $48,500
Pittsburgh, PA 560 0.50 3.93 $23.17 $48,200
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 380 0.33 2.61 $24.38 $50,720
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division 310 0.09 0.67 $19.99 $41,580
Mobile, AL 290 1.70 13.46 $27.18 $56,540
Cleveland-Elyria, OH 280 0.27 2.12 $18.33 $38,120
St. Louis, MO-IL 260 0.19 1.52 $20.68 $43,010
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 230 0.71 5.62 $29.65 $61,670
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 220 0.44 3.52 $21.82 $45,380




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,180 4.45 35.20 $20.45 $42,540
Albany, OR 100 2.30 18.19 $25.94 $53,950
Muskegon, MI 120 1.92 15.18 $19.24 $40,020
Mobile, AL 290 1.70 13.46 $27.18 $56,540
Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL 60 1.36 10.80 $16.91 $35,170
Evansville, IN-KY 160 1.02 8.09 $19.28 $40,100
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 210 0.97 7.71 $20.62 $42,890
Monroe, MI 40 0.95 7.55 $22.44 $46,660
Salt Lake City, UT 580 0.86 6.79 $23.32 $48,500
Canton-Massillon, OH 120 0.73 5.79 $20.80 $43,260




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 230 0.71 5.62 $29.65 $61,670
Mobile, AL 290 1.70 13.46 $27.18 $56,540
Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, PA Metropolitan Division 110 0.10 0.82 $26.50 $55,120
Albany, OR 100 2.30 18.19 $25.94 $53,950
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 380 0.33 2.61 $24.38 $50,720
Columbus, OH 90 0.09 0.70 $24.27 $50,470
Salt Lake City, UT 580 0.86 6.79 $23.32 $48,500
Pittsburgh, PA 560 0.50 3.93 $23.17 $48,200
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY 50 0.10 0.76 $22.52 $46,840
Monroe, MI 40 0.95 7.55 $22.44 $46,660

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 220 1.07 8.44 $19.53 $40,630
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 170 1.15 9.10 $16.35 $34,000
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 140 0.75 5.93 $20.12 $41,850
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 130 0.52 4.11 $20.19 $41,990
North Northeastern Ohio non-metropolitan area (non-contiguous) 120 0.37 2.97 $25.71 $53,470

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 170 1.15 9.10 $16.35 $34,000
Northeastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 220 1.07 8.44 $19.53 $40,630
West Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 110 0.86 6.80 $18.30 $38,070
Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 120 0.77 6.12 $19.11 $39,750
Southern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 140 0.75 5.93 $20.12 $41,850

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Northeastern Ohio non-metropolitan area (non-contiguous) 120 0.37 2.97 $25.71 $53,470
Northern West Virginia nonmetropolitan area 60 0.41 3.21 $23.11 $48,060
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 100 0.60 4.76 $20.46 $42,560
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 130 0.52 4.11 $20.19 $41,990
Central Indiana nonmetropolitan area 50 0.33 2.62 $20.13 $41,870


About May 2016 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017