Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2016

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
19,520 3.5 % $18.08 $37,600 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $10.96 $13.61 $17.33 $21.88 $26.94
Annual Wage (2) $22,790 $28,310 $36,040 $45,510 $56,040


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing 4,150 4.87 $17.20 $35,780
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing 2,310 5.83 $16.27 $33,840
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,030 1.13 $17.15 $35,660
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 1,010 1.33 $18.32 $38,110
Rubber Product Manufacturing 840 0.63 $20.18 $41,970

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing 2,310 5.83 $16.27 $33,840
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing 4,150 4.87 $17.20 $35,780
Lime and Gypsum Product Manufacturing 420 3.24 $20.71 $43,080
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 1,010 1.33 $18.32 $38,110
Metal Ore Mining 480 1.19 $22.13 $46,040

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Basic Chemical Manufacturing 110 0.07 $24.99 $51,970
Management of Companies and Enterprises 40 (7) $23.41 $48,690
Cement and Concrete Product Manufacturing 350 0.18 $22.85 $47,520
Metal Ore Mining 480 1.19 $22.13 $46,040
Waste Treatment and Disposal 160 0.17 $21.44 $44,590


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Carolina 1,910 0.45 3.24 $17.03 $35,420
Ohio 1,280 0.24 1.73 $17.38 $36,160
Indiana 1,020 0.34 2.45 $17.74 $36,910
Tennessee 950 0.33 2.36 $16.58 $34,490
Texas 920 0.08 0.57 $17.32 $36,030




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Virginia 310 0.45 3.21 $16.70 $34,730
North Carolina 1,910 0.45 3.24 $17.03 $35,420
Alabama 700 0.37 2.64 $20.92 $43,520
Arkansas 410 0.35 2.50 $19.93 $41,440
Mississippi 380 0.34 2.46 $19.49 $40,540




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Maryland 90 0.03 0.24 $26.67 $55,480
Wyoming 40 0.13 0.93 $23.82 $49,550
Virginia 660 0.18 1.27 $22.86 $47,540
Nevada 50 0.04 0.30 $21.79 $45,320
Montana 120 0.27 1.97 $21.66 $45,050





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 470 0.41 2.94 $16.36 $34,020
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 290 0.12 0.86 $15.78 $32,820
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 250 0.10 0.72 $16.82 $34,990
Knoxville, TN 210 0.55 3.95 $21.35 $44,400
Duluth, MN-WI 200 1.61 11.61 $24.56 $51,080
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 200 0.39 2.84 $22.83 $47,490
Pittsburgh, PA 190 0.17 1.20 $19.26 $40,070
Kansas City, MO-KS 190 0.18 1.28 $16.18 $33,650
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 170 0.16 1.16 $18.19 $37,830
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 160 0.04 0.27 $14.64 $30,440




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Duluth, MN-WI 200 1.61 11.61 $24.56 $51,080
Glens Falls, NY 60 1.08 7.75 $23.90 $49,710
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 50 0.89 6.38 $24.33 $50,600
Staunton-Waynesboro, VA 40 0.79 5.68 $10.66 $22,170
Medford, OR 50 0.55 3.99 $19.20 $39,930
Knoxville, TN 210 0.55 3.95 $21.35 $44,400
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 60 0.55 3.93 $16.65 $34,620
Florence, SC 40 0.42 3.04 $21.52 $44,760
Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, MA-NH NECTA Division 30 0.41 2.94 $16.37 $34,050
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 470 0.41 2.94 $16.36 $34,020




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 60 0.04 0.32 $27.87 $57,960
Duluth, MN-WI 200 1.61 11.61 $24.56 $51,080
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 50 0.89 6.38 $24.33 $50,600
Glens Falls, NY 60 1.08 7.75 $23.90 $49,710
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 90 0.12 0.87 $22.96 $47,760
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 200 0.39 2.84 $22.83 $47,490
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 50 0.05 0.35 $22.65 $47,100
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 50 0.09 0.66 $21.72 $45,180
Florence, SC 40 0.42 3.04 $21.52 $44,760
Knoxville, TN 210 0.55 3.95 $21.35 $44,400

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 570 2.23 16.03 $15.08 $31,360
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 230 2.04 14.70 $19.87 $41,320
North Northeastern Ohio non-metropolitan area (non-contiguous) 220 0.67 4.84 $16.91 $35,170
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 160 2.36 17.01 $21.04 $43,750
Central Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 140 0.79 5.67 $14.15 $29,420

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 160 2.36 17.01 $21.04 $43,750
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 570 2.23 16.03 $15.08 $31,360
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 230 2.04 14.70 $19.87 $41,320
South Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area 90 1.42 10.22 $19.30 $40,150
Northwest Virginia nonmetropolitan area 80 1.23 8.82 $21.77 $45,270

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 30 0.45 3.23 $25.70 $53,450
West Kentucky nonmetropolitan area 40 0.24 1.69 $24.85 $51,690
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 60 0.39 2.77 $22.37 $46,530
Middle Georgia nonmetropolitan area 70 0.57 4.10 $21.89 $45,520
Central Missouri nonmetropolitan area 90 0.60 4.35 $21.86 $45,460


About May 2016 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2016 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2016 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2017