Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2017

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
18,030 3.0 % $18.89 $39,280 0.9 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $11.81 $14.42 $18.07 $23.01 $27.85
Annual Wage (2) $24,570 $30,000 $37,580 $47,870 $57,920


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 6,920 1.69 $18.73 $38,960
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,070 1.16 $17.88 $37,180
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 1,030 1.33 $18.22 $37,890
Rubber Product Manufacturing 920 0.68 $19.83 $41,240
Nonmetallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying 540 0.57 $21.79 $45,320

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 6,920 1.69 $18.73 $38,960
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing 1,030 1.33 $18.22 $37,890
Metal Ore Mining 500 1.30 $22.00 $45,760
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,070 1.16 $17.88 $37,180
Rubber Product Manufacturing 920 0.68 $19.83 $41,240

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 530 0.55 $23.59 $49,080
Chemical Manufacturing (3251, 3252, 3253, and 3259 only) 260 0.07 $23.53 $48,940
Converted Paper Product Manufacturing 80 0.03 $22.64 $47,100
Waste Treatment and Disposal 190 0.20 $22.58 $46,970
Metal Ore Mining 500 1.30 $22.00 $45,760


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Carolina 1,440 0.33 2.64 $18.27 $38,000
Ohio 1,190 0.22 1.75 $17.34 $36,070
Illinois 910 0.15 1.22 $16.16 $33,620
Florida 850 0.10 0.79 $14.40 $29,960
Minnesota 810 0.28 2.25 $19.84 $41,270




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Mississippi 510 0.45 3.58 $19.04 $39,600
Alabama 800 0.42 3.29 $23.13 $48,110
West Virginia 260 0.38 3.01 $21.89 $45,540
North Carolina 1,440 0.33 2.64 $18.27 $38,000
Arkansas 380 0.31 2.48 $19.64 $40,840




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 110 0.08 0.61 $24.90 $51,790
Maryland 150 0.05 0.43 $23.79 $49,490
Montana 110 0.25 1.94 $23.54 $48,960
Alabama 800 0.42 3.29 $23.13 $48,110
New Hampshire 60 0.09 0.68 $22.59 $46,990



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Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 340 0.13 1.04 $18.31 $38,080
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 270 0.53 4.19 $22.44 $46,670
St. Louis, MO-IL 210 0.15 1.21 $20.65 $42,960
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 200 0.05 0.36 $16.36 $34,020
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 180 0.15 1.21 $19.55 $40,670
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 170 0.07 0.55 $17.57 $36,540
Kansas City, MO-KS 170 0.16 1.27 $16.75 $34,850
Pittsburgh, PA 160 0.14 1.12 $19.50 $40,550
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 150 0.15 1.21 $16.53 $34,390
Knoxville, TN 150 0.39 3.12 $19.31 $40,160


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Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 80 1.28 10.14 $24.97 $51,940
Glens Falls, NY 50 0.89 7.04 $24.64 $51,240
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 270 0.53 4.19 $22.44 $46,670
Florence, SC 40 0.50 3.91 $21.23 $44,160
Medford, OR 40 0.45 3.53 $19.83 $41,240
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 150 0.44 3.50 $19.37 $40,280
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 50 0.40 3.15 $17.35 $36,090
Knoxville, TN 150 0.39 3.12 $19.31 $40,160
Appleton, WI 40 0.35 2.73 $24.10 $50,120
Spartanburg, SC 50 0.34 2.72 $14.91 $31,010


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Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 40 0.17 1.38 $26.17 $54,430
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 80 1.28 10.14 $24.97 $51,940
Glens Falls, NY 50 0.89 7.04 $24.64 $51,240
Appleton, WI 40 0.35 2.73 $24.10 $50,120
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 90 0.07 0.52 $23.68 $49,250
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 70 0.03 0.20 $22.81 $47,450
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 50 0.05 0.37 $22.54 $46,870
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 270 0.53 4.19 $22.44 $46,670
Worcester, MA-CT 60 0.21 1.68 $22.29 $46,370
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $22.17 $46,110

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 250 1.79 14.15 $16.72 $34,780
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 190 2.27 17.98 $17.75 $36,910
North Northeastern Ohio non-metropolitan area (non-contiguous) 180 0.53 4.19 $17.34 $36,070
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 130 1.96 15.53 $23.67 $49,230
Northern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 110 0.71 5.61 $22.46 $46,720

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East Georgia nonmetropolitan area 190 2.27 17.98 $17.75 $36,910
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 130 1.96 15.53 $23.67 $49,230
Western Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 250 1.79 14.15 $16.72 $34,780
Southwest Washington nonmetropolitan area 100 1.57 12.43 $19.01 $39,530
Panhandle of Idaho nonmetropolitan area 70 1.53 12.09 $20.81 $43,290

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 70 0.46 3.62 $27.67 $57,550
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 90 0.77 6.13 $24.75 $51,480
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 130 1.96 15.53 $23.67 $49,230
Central Missouri nonmetropolitan area 60 0.36 2.86 $22.71 $47,230
Northwestern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 0.95 7.53 $22.67 $47,140


About May 2017 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2017 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2017 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 30, 2018