Overall employment in architecture and engineering occupations is projected to grow 4 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 91,300 new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. About 200,900 openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.
The median annual wage for this group was $79,840 in May 2021, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.
BLS employment projections, wage, and other data for related occupations not shown in the following table are available on the Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail page. Information highlighting physical demands, cognitive and mental requirements, and other qualifications for workers in this group are available in a BLS Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) profile.
|OCCUPATION||JOB SUMMARY||ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION||2021 MEDIAN PAY|
|Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technologists and Technicians||
Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians run and maintain equipment used to develop, test, produce, and sustain aircraft and spacecraft.
Aerospace engineers design primarily aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles.
Agricultural engineers solve problems concerning power supplies, machine efficiency, the use of structures and facilities, pollution and environmental issues, and the storage and processing of agricultural products.
Architects plan and design houses, factories, office buildings, and other structures.
|Bioengineers and Biomedical Engineers||
Bioengineers and biomedical engineers combine engineering principles with sciences to design and create equipment, devices, computer systems, and software.
|Cartographers and Photogrammetrists||
Cartographers and photogrammetrists collect, measure, and interpret geographic information in order to create and update maps and charts for regional planning, education, and other purposes.
Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and math to solve problems that involve the use of fuel, drugs, food, and many other products.
|Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians||
Civil engineering technologists and technicians help civil engineers plan, design, and build infrastructure and development projects.
Civil engineers design, build, and supervise infrastructure projects and systems.
|Computer Hardware Engineers||
Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, and test computer systems and components.
Drafters use software to convert the designs of engineers and architects into technical drawings.
|Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians||
Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians help engineers design and develop equipment that is powered by electricity or electric current.
|Electrical and Electronics Engineers||
Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment.
|Electro-mechanical and Mechatronics Technologists and Technicians||
Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians operate, test, and maintain electromechanical or robotic equipment.
|Environmental Engineering Technologists and Technicians||
Environmental engineering technologists and technicians implement the plans that environmental engineers develop.
Environmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems.
|Health and Safety Engineers||
Health and safety engineers combine knowledge of engineering and of health and safety to develop procedures and design systems to protect people from illness and injury and property from damage.
|Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicians||
Industrial engineering technologists and technicians help engineers solve problems affecting manufacturing layout or production.
Industrial engineers devise efficient systems that integrate workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.
Landscape architects design parks and other outdoor spaces.
|Marine Engineers and Naval Architects||
Marine engineers and naval architects design, build, and maintain ships, from aircraft carriers to submarines and from sailboats to tankers.
Materials engineers develop, process, and test materials used to create a wide range of products.
|Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians||
Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians help mechanical engineers design, develop, test, and manufacture machines and other devices.
Mechanical engineers design, develop, build, and test mechanical and thermal sensors and devices.
|Mining and Geological Engineers||
Mining and geological engineers design mines to safely and efficiently remove minerals for use in manufacturing and utilities.
Nuclear engineers research and develop projects or address problems concerning the release, control, and use of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal.
Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the Earth’s surface.
|Surveying and Mapping Technicians||
Surveying and mapping technicians collect data and make maps of the Earth's surface.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$46,910|
Surveyors make precise measurements to determine property boundaries.
The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.
Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 8, 2022