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Payroll employment down in 31 states in March 2020

April 22, 2020

Nonfarm payroll employment decreased significantly in 31 states in March 2020. The largest percentage declines occurred in Louisiana and Rhode Island (−1.1 percent each), followed by Missouri and Vermont (−0.9 percent each). The change in the number of jobs in these four states ranged from −2,900 in Vermont to −25,600 in Missouri.

Change in nonfarm employment by state, February–March 2020
State Over-the-month
percent
change
Over-the-month
change in
employment
Employment,
February 2020
Employment,
March 2020
Statistical significance

Alabama

-0.3 -7,000 2,085,000 2,078,000 Statistically significant

Alaska

-0.6 -1,900 329,800 327,900 Statistically significant

Arizona

-0.2 -7,200 2,986,400 2,979,200 Not statistically significant

Arkansas

-0.6 -7,700 1,281,600 1,273,900 Statistically significant

California

-0.6 -99,500 17,604,500 17,505,000 Statistically significant

Colorado

-0.1 -3,900 2,813,400 2,809,500 Not statistically significant

Connecticut

-0.4 -7,600 1,699,500 1,691,900 Statistically significant

Delaware

-0.6 -2,900 472,400 469,500 Statistically significant

District of Columbia

-0.2 -1,600 803,900 802,300 Not statistically significant

Florida

-0.4 -36,600 9,071,600 9,035,000 Statistically significant

Georgia

-0.2 -7,000 4,652,100 4,645,100 Not statistically significant

Hawaii

-0.3 -1,800 658,100 656,300 Not statistically significant

Idaho

-0.1 -1,000 771,800 770,800 Not statistically significant

Illinois

-0.6 -34,100 6,121,800 6,087,700 Statistically significant

Indiana

-0.6 -17,600 3,179,600 3,162,000 Statistically significant

Iowa

-0.2 -3,500 1,581,300 1,577,800 Not statistically significant

Kansas

-0.4 -5,900 1,434,300 1,428,400 Statistically significant

Kentucky

-0.4 -7,100 1,947,000 1,939,900 Statistically significant

Louisiana

-1.1 -21,000 1,995,000 1,974,000 Statistically significant

Maine

-0.5 -3,100 637,300 634,200 Statistically significant

Maryland

-0.7 -20,900 2,797,100 2,776,200 Statistically significant

Massachusetts

-0.5 -18,000 3,712,600 3,694,600 Statistically significant

Michigan

-0.5 -24,300 4,461,500 4,437,200 Statistically significant

Minnesota

-0.5 -14,400 2,977,600 2,963,200 Statistically significant

Mississippi

-0.6 -7,400 1,163,200 1,155,800 Statistically significant

Missouri

-0.9 -25,600 2,912,600 2,887,000 Statistically significant

Montana

0.0 100 489,400 489,500 Not statistically significant

Nebraska

-0.4 -4,200 1,037,200 1,033,000 Not statistically significant

Nevada

-0.3 -4,900 1,426,300 1,421,400 Not statistically significant

New Hampshire

-0.7 -4,600 690,300 685,700 Statistically significant

New Jersey

-0.7 -31,800 4,241,900 4,210,100 Statistically significant

New Mexico

0.2 1,700 866,700 868,400 Not statistically significant

New York

-0.4 -41,700 9,847,300 9,805,600 Statistically significant

North Carolina

-0.5 -22,600 4,612,000 4,589,400 Statistically significant

North Dakota

-0.2 -800 441,100 440,300 Not statistically significant

Ohio

-0.7 -39,700 5,599,100 5,559,400 Statistically significant

Oklahoma

-0.3 -5,400 1,700,700 1,695,300 Not statistically significant

Oregon

-0.2 -4,800 1,955,700 1,950,900 Not statistically significant

Pennsylvania

-0.7 -40,400 6,109,600 6,069,200 Statistically significant

Rhode Island

-1.1 -5,600 508,400 502,800 Statistically significant

South Carolina

-0.6 -13,400 2,217,100 2,203,700 Statistically significant

South Dakota

0.0 -100 444,300 444,200 Not statistically significant

Tennessee

0.1 2,300 3,158,100 3,160,400 Not statistically significant

Texas

-0.4 -50,900 13,016,800 12,965,900 Statistically significant

Utah

-0.1 -1,000 1,587,400 1,586,400 Not statistically significant

Vermont

-0.9 -2,900 314,000 311,100 Statistically significant

Virginia

-0.7 -28,600 4,099,900 4,071,300 Statistically significant

Washington

-0.3 -11,100 3,520,800 3,509,700 Statistically significant

West Virginia

-0.2 -1,400 711,400 710,000 Not statistically significant

Wisconsin

-0.2 -6,900 2,993,700 2,986,800 Not statistically significant

Wyoming

0.0 -100 288,500 288,400 Not statistically significant

Note: Data are preliminary.

In terms of the number of jobs, the largest declines occurred in California (−99,500 jobs or −0.6 percent), Texas (−50,900 or −0.4 percent), and New York (−41,700 or −0.4 percent). Pennsylvania, Ohio, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey had employment changes ranging from −40,400 to −31,800 in March 2020.

From March 2019 to March 2020, 13 states had statistically significant increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 2 had decreases, and 35 states and the District of Columbia were unchanged. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+250,900), California (+150,400), and Florida (+126,000). The largest percentage gains occurred in Utah (+2.6 percent), Idaho (+2.4 percent), and Arizona (+2.2 percent). Employment decreased over-the-year in Vermont (−7,700, or −2.4 percent) and West Virginia (−12,600, or −1.7 percent).

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. To learn more, see “State Employment and Unemployment — March 2020.” See the state chart package for more charts and tables related to state employment and unemployment.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Payroll employment down in 31 states in March 2020 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/payroll-employment-down-in-31-states-in-march-2020.htm (visited August 13, 2020).

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