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BLS takes a turn for the wurst during the dog days of summer

July 21, 2021

Hear ye! Hear ye! Sun's out. Buns out. Hot dog buns, that is. National Hot Dog Day is typically observed on the third Wiener Wednesday of July, which is, incidentally, National Hot Dog Month. Frankly, BLS does not have much data specifically related to hot dogs, although BLS does have data for the industry that produces hot dogs along with other meat products as well as the industry that makes hot dog buns and similar baked goods.

Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020
Year United States, total Alabama Arizona Arkansas California
Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

109,221 223,594 2,880 1,235 1,732 329 2,419 1,248 17,488 6,502

2002

109,906 219,158 2,923 1,290 1,837 250 2,255 1,458 17,502 6,855

2003

110,046 216,008 2,821 1,020 1,854 88 2,231 1,427 17,285 6,157

2004

111,398 210,824 2,414 1,054 1,750 87 2,195 1,405 16,209 6,470

2005

110,935 208,658 1,516 1,090 1,644 97 15,680 6,445

2006

110,847 208,455 1,476 1,164 1,698 116 2,203 1,052 16,193 6,083

2007

110,697 208,225 1,296 1,191 1,750 109 16,011 6,033

2008

112,520 205,105 1,264 1,358 1,972 85 2,014 996 14,508 6,016

2009

110,148 202,643 1,390 1,421 2,018 70 2,015 967 14,161 6,273

2010

109,315 205,238 1,370 1,514 2,168 105 1,923 1,029 14,791 6,284

2011

111,133 209,762 1,368 1,550 2,146 78 1,840 1,070 14,831 5,919

2012

110,611 210,663 1,214 1,569 2,313 68 1,854 1,081 14,588 5,631

2013

111,755 210,591 2,687 74 1,951 1,077 14,305 5,853

2014

115,464 217,571 943 1,284 2,768 112 1,980 1,097 14,372 5,938

2015

118,370 221,738 922 534 2,849 85 2,126 1,097 14,912 5,911

2016

121,934 228,854 947 339 2,956 68 2,300 1,118 15,493 6,053

2017

126,938 235,520 950 339 2,904 80 2,384 1,130 16,184 6,365

2018

130,257 236,554 899 331 2,876 44 2,371 1,142 16,323 6,326

2019

134,384 238,623 905 338 2,914 34 2,342 1,146 15,472 6,600

2020

136,392 217,895 764 362 2,688 35 2,291 1,233 13,698 6,883
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year Colorado Connecticut Florida Georgia Idaho
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

2,120 1,166 4,662 1,513 3,576 3,915

2002

2,030 1,307 4,590 1,512 3,511 3,941

2003

1,995 1,187 4,343 1,394 3,709 3,853 139 768

2004

1,999 1,154 1,429 401 4,387 1,255 4,310 3,929

2005

2,126 1,257 1,718 429 4,352 1,244 4,360 4,165

2006

2,117 1,530 1,843 385 4,558 1,209 4,412 4,262

2007

2,133 1,612 1,909 367 4,601 903 4,500 4,018

2008

1,999 1,651 1,757 311 4,148 873 4,533 3,607 177 579

2009

1,844 1,521 1,729 305 3,973 778 4,401 3,117 192 574

2010

1,819 1,504 1,729 297 3,931 810 3,919 2,753 187 748

2011

1,974 1,559 1,741 291 4,363 820 3,940 2,402 199 812

2012

2,062 1,364 1,710 226 4,432 800 4,052 2,373 182 886

2013

2,178 1,338 1,651 229 4,371 869 3,817 2,472 193 975

2014

2,275 1,311 1,587 204 4,489 878 4,336 2,362 211 1,089

2015

2,304 1,306 1,612 203 4,847 869 4,591 2,650 218 1,258

2016

2,134 1,346 1,656 264 4,798 1,067 4,728 2,716 421 1,378

2017

2,133 1,519 1,712 236 4,869 1,047 4,578 2,913 518 1,813

2018

2,129 1,567 1,643 232 5,495 896 4,604 3,126 534 2,067

2019

1,803 239 5,973 966 4,710 3,306 573 2,192

2020

1,589 245 5,686 892 4,737 3,172 566 1,891
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

9,392 6,183 3,377 3,515 980 5,039 1,357 3,232

2002

9,174 6,756 3,375 3,624 902 5,074 1,332 3,327

2003

8,921 7,660 3,343 3,634 796 6,415 1,271 3,610

2004

8,762 7,802 3,510 3,574 832 6,790 1,284 3,912

2005

8,475 8,158 3,677 3,499 774 7,073 1,319 3,623

2006

8,523 8,328 3,917 3,492 682 6,895 1,261 3,609 1,297 2,069

2007

9,010 8,610 3,996 3,504 593 7,250 1,279 3,170 1,396 1,613

2008

9,259 8,740 4,055 3,553 631 7,328 1,192 3,026 1,465 1,670

2009

9,363 8,613 3,857 3,550 572 7,629 1,091 2,962 1,812 1,684

2010

9,744 8,945 3,778 3,373 504 7,945 1,042 3,008 1,918 1,829

2011

9,947 9,089 3,828 3,437 553 7,948 1,101 3,446 1,946 2,034

2012

9,683 9,200 4,034 3,535 549 7,500 995 3,334 1,932 2,078

2013

9,107 11,347 3,739 3,507 558 7,154 710 3,320 2,018 2,072

2014

9,715 10,647 3,396 3,500 593 6,815 860 7,385 2,041 2,072

2015

9,708 10,935 3,708 3,651 568 8,058 972 6,650 2,129 2,139

2016

9,799 11,548 3,791 4,115 620 8,491 1,139 6,795 2,232 2,242

2017

10,644 11,930 3,861 4,451 647 8,831 1,172 7,018 2,290 2,191

2018

11,118 11,909 3,909 4,650 672 8,907 1,112 6,699 2,757 2,231

2019

10,797 12,368 3,879 4,701 976 8,657 1,169 6,888 2,955 2,316

2020

9,778 12,479 3,760 4,820 1,047 9,382 1,193 7,281 2,928 2,383
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year Louisiana Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

1,518 708 3,101 586 3,920 2,879 2,453 5,372

2002

1,507 732 2,924 571 3,720 1,602 3,882 2,855 2,514 4,899

2003

1,491 804 2,718 667 3,766 1,628 4,026 2,726 2,676 4,698

2004

1,478 767 2,570 668 4,040 1,662 4,181 2,727 2,706 4,523

2005

1,282 704 2,611 697 4,093 1,661 4,316 3,271 2,567 4,683

2006

1,223 776 2,700 758 4,088 1,630 4,533 3,206 2,621 4,229

2007

1,209 836 2,639 761 3,975 1,719 4,557 3,150 2,701 4,300

2008

1,248 798 2,602 690 3,961 1,768 4,537 3,245 2,952 4,424

2009

1,285 761 2,703 682 4,073 1,805 4,464 3,188 3,032 4,135

2010

1,184 718 2,826 694 4,789 1,776 4,407 3,336 3,179 4,259

2011

1,190 744 2,906 701 5,382 1,753 4,439 3,774 3,175 4,460

2012

1,143 758 2,950 616 5,792 1,764 2,492 3,815 2,994 4,493

2013

740 716 2,821 565 6,005 1,734 3,249 3,794 2,898 4,696

2014

760 675 2,893 490 6,179 1,747 3,446 3,513 2,971 4,689

2015

730 687 3,005 478 5,100 1,771 3,612 3,734 3,037 4,883

2016

717 664 3,006 492 4,980 1,837 4,356 3,458 2,892 5,067

2017

715 657 3,326 491 5,158 1,935 4,718 3,971 2,841 5,111

2018

676 694 3,336 496 5,055 2,057 4,609 4,535 2,844 5,247

2019

695 688 3,414 493 4,875 2,191 4,556 4,717 2,688 5,365

2020

659 645 3,137 501 4,366 2,256 4,392 4,764 2,515 5,409
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

3,577 3,705 1,347 5,980

2002

3,253 3,225 1,077 7,360 603 60

2003

3,053 3,126 1,061 6,411 557 103

2004

2,951 3,014 299 184 1,008 6,314 660 108

2005

2,676 2,910 946 6,304

2006

404 847 2,700 2,892 868 6,525

2007

444 777 853 6,602

2008

411 827 885 6,740

2009

416 905 901 6,422

2010

416 952 973 5,191

2011

416 940 2,217 4,857 323 256 1,021 5,257

2012

417 825 2,275 4,850 340 300 1,034 5,312 971 150

2013

406 638 323 306 1,001 4,733 933 155

2014

397 614 336 295 1,027 4,893 1,056 176

2015

401 596 304 303 1,070 4,911 970 186

2016

385 607 1,409 5,820 323 311 1,073 4,886 925 214

2017

357 641 1,441 6,424 315 324 943 5,112 939 240

2018

1,403 6,658 317 319 1,025 5,388 940 294

2019

1,461 6,802 313 319 1,060 5,637 989 287

2020

1,316 6,991 293 332 928 5,563
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

4,258 2,169 10,406 2,862 4,625 2,380

2002

4,567 2,164 9,700 2,787 4,386 2,038

2003

4,669 2,155 9,309 2,834 4,373 1,688

2004

4,075 2,192 9,398 3,034 4,157 1,489

2005

4,083 2,256 8,933 3,124 4,094 1,607

2006

4,230 2,142 236 367 9,213 3,022

2007

4,133 2,140 231 374 8,987 2,825 454 308

2008

4,191 2,032 241 406 8,316 2,703 3,892 2,227

2009

4,339 2,018 237 394 8,184 2,721 3,696 2,277 455 269

2010

4,373 2,025 227 398 8,145 2,373 3,765 2,098 458 326

2011

4,537 2,085 313 403 7,956 2,326 3,749 1,809 447 343

2012

4,567 2,118 324 453 8,186 2,782 415 312

2013

4,667 2,225 332 423 8,368 2,484

2014

4,829 2,211 361 300 8,539 2,342

2015

5,081 2,257 345 106 8,566 2,108

2016

5,748 2,265 344 87 8,785 2,081

2017

6,145 2,668 321 108 8,722 2,062

2018

6,138 2,659 294 112 8,921 2,012 3,468 1,771

2019

6,502 2,797 267 484 8,806 2,040

2020

6,189 2,758 250 529 7,488 1,988 407 433
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

5,690 5,190 1,481 3,604 2,171 1,209 10,414 4,409

2002

5,534 5,366 1,628 3,506 2,105 1,238 10,254 4,752

2003

5,430 5,453 1,629 3,756 2,075 1,200 10,393 5,048

2004

5,883 4,880 1,691 4,342 2,045 1,476 9,683 5,088

2005

6,065 4,778 1,869 4,118 2,084 1,130 9,549 5,059

2006

5,734 4,870 1,753 4,257 2,060 1,075 8,859 4,928

2007

5,503 4,943 1,667 4,397 2,266 981 8,665 4,894

2008

5,461 5,405 1,707 4,743 2,343 912 8,320 4,681

2009

5,313 5,497 1,480 4,547 2,351 858 7,978 4,603

2010

5,216 5,394 1,420 3,954 2,577 801 7,973 4,641

2011

5,380 5,773 1,373 3,849 2,593 796 7,959 4,530

2012

5,284 6,061 1,294 3,724 2,605 898 7,890 4,472

2013

5,249 6,116 1,061 3,520 2,720 1,017 7,562 4,801 745 408

2014

5,373 6,304 1,082 3,575 2,874 1,080 7,783 5,623 744 422

2015

5,071 6,753 1,192 3,898 2,925 1,117 7,368 5,759 723 473

2016

4,923 7,213 1,335 4,047 3,033 1,128 7,112 6,001 726 592

2017

4,855 7,293 1,301 4,108 3,075 1,192 7,158 6,322 735 592

2018

4,872 7,418 1,246 4,164 3,063 1,390 6,953 6,649 730 575

2019

4,435 7,539 1,207 4,182 3,217 1,540 6,939 7,047

2020

3,989 7,491 1,297 4,319 3,059 1,591 6,443 7,046 662 577
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year South Carolina Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

1,710 1,004 8,433 8,224 1,037 602 461 76

2002

1,791 1,053 8,344 8,256 1,039 695 433 67

2003

7,834 8,024 339 69

2004

6,863 8,084 1,034 1,017

2005

7,837 8,615 1,041 824

2006

7,952 8,283 1,061 804

2007

7,744 8,197 1,075 747

2008

8,145 7,841 1,107 801

2009

8,531 7,581 1,107 745

2010

8,355 7,818 368 72

2011

3,470 1,300 8,063 8,117 414 94

2012

3,293 1,279 8,348 8,013 436 91

2013

2,779 1,397 8,041 7,985 436 104

2014

2,854 1,554 7,675 8,313 469 121

2015

2,783 1,488 8,105 8,529 521 120

2016

2,702 1,568 8,589 8,068 560 124

2017

2,749 1,845 8,412 8,291 568 117

2018

1,281 1,331 2,703 1,864 8,252 8,486 1,113 1,225 535 99

2019

1,207 1,305 2,703 1,942 8,467 8,637 1,191 1,277 471 105

2020

1,110 1,295 2,586 1,932 8,021 8,730 1,217 1,344 469 100
 Employment in meat processed from carcasses and commercial bakeries, selected states, 2001–2020 (continued)
Year Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses Commercial bakeries Meat processed from carcasses

2001

2,576 886 469 149 3,177 10,958 34 8

2002

2,620 1,115 2,878 9,408

2003

2,478 1,137 2,678 9,417 15 26

2004

2,480 1,377 2,451 9,742 29 24

2005

2,431 1,075 499 146 2,318 9,330 21 25

2006

2,358 1,021 501 141 2,163 10,166 29 22

2007

1,867 1,764 2,338 1,173 500 123 2,430 10,269 28 26

2008

1,893 1,732 2,315 1,121 499 119 2,556 10,612 29 30

2009

1,781 1,593 2,254 1,041 480 114 2,476 10,005 11 27

2010

1,842 1,462 2,185 979 447 183 3,115 9,652 16 21

2011

1,868 1,805 2,175 992 348 174 3,237 9,778 22 20

2012

1,704 1,694 334 175 3,350 9,606 23 16

2013

1,617 1,643 385 173 2,790 10,086 36 21

2014

1,616 1,563 383 160 2,928 10,074 44 24

2015

1,654 1,799 419 146 3,313 9,718 49 27

2016

1,823 1,952 2,144 1,238 341 138 3,509 9,076 40 23

2017

1,815 1,973 2,204 1,297 3,641 8,673 42 25

2018

2,204 1,355 3,669 8,660 40 29

2019

2,127 1,512 3,618 8,851 41 34

2020

1,925 1,514 3,565 9,065 41 49

Note: Dash indicates data unavailable. U.S. total includes state data not shown separately.

Officially, meat processed from carcasses is the industry that produces hot dogs. Despite a name that many Americans might find doggone unappealing, this industry makes many foods that people eat with relish, such as bologna and luncheon meat, meat spreads for sandwiches, and other cured, dried, salted, and smoked meat products, including bacon, ham, and sausages.

Twenty years ago, Wisconsin was top dog in meat processed from carcasses, with employment of 10,958, followed by Texas, with 8,224. In 2020, Illinois led the pack, with 12,479 workers, followed by Iowa (9,382), Wisconsin (9,065), Texas (8,730), and Ohio (7,491). Competition is dog-eat-dog in meat processing.

Data for bakers of hot dog buns is included with that of manufacturers of other baked goods such as bagels, doughnuts, bread, and rolls in the commercial bakeries industry. In 2020, California had employment of 13,698 in commercial bakeries; Illinois had 9,778; Texas, 8,021; New York, 7,488; while Pennsylvania had 6,443.

Over the past two decades, nationwide employment in meat processed from carcasses increased from 109,221 (in 2001) to 136,392 (in 2020). Employment in commercial bakeries in 2001 and 2020 was roughly the same, 223,594 (in 2001) and 217,895 (in 2020), though employment in this industry had risen to over 235,000 in the 3 years before 2020.

Get more data for meat processing and commercial bakeries and many other industries via the Data Viewer from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, which is the source of these data. (If you're not interested in hot dog data, just say "no franks.") Also of interest: "Interview with a Butcher" in Career Outlook.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, BLS takes a turn for the wurst during the dog days of summer at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/bls-takes-a-turn-for-the-wurst-during-the-dog-days-of-summer.htm (visited December 04, 2021).

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