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Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 517,000 in January 2023

February 08, 2023

Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 517,000 in January 2023. Job growth was widespread in January, led by gains in leisure and hospitality (+128,000), professional and business services (+82,000), and health care (+58,000). Employment also increased in government, partially reflecting the return of university workers from a strike.

Nonfarm payroll employment, January 2013–January 2023
Month Employment level Over-the-month change 12-month percent change

Jan 2013

135,265,000 190,000 1.5%

Feb 2013

135,544,000 279,000 1.5

Mar 2013

135,689,000 145,000 1.5

Apr 2013

135,876,000 187,000 1.5

May 2013

136,091,000 215,000 1.6

Jun 2013

136,269,000 178,000 1.7

Jul 2013

136,391,000 122,000 1.7

Aug 2013

136,635,000 244,000 1.7

Sep 2013

136,819,000 184,000 1.7

Oct 2013

137,039,000 220,000 1.8

Nov 2013

137,314,000 275,000 1.8

Dec 2013

137,368,000 54,000 1.7

Jan 2014

137,552,000 184,000 1.7

Feb 2014

137,707,000 155,000 1.6

Mar 2014

137,986,000 279,000 1.7

Apr 2014

138,298,000 312,000 1.8

May 2014

138,501,000 203,000 1.8

Jun 2014

138,833,000 332,000 1.9

Jul 2014

139,076,000 243,000 2.0

Aug 2014

139,258,000 182,000 1.9

Sep 2014

139,563,000 305,000 2.0

Oct 2014

139,805,000 242,000 2.0

Nov 2014

140,089,000 284,000 2.0

Dec 2014

140,366,000 277,000 2.2

Jan 2015

140,562,000 196,000 2.2

Feb 2015

140,829,000 267,000 2.3

Mar 2015

140,924,000 95,000 2.1

Apr 2015

141,202,000 278,000 2.1

May 2015

141,540,000 338,000 2.2

Jun 2015

141,695,000 155,000 2.1

Jul 2015

141,989,000 294,000 2.1

Aug 2015

142,130,000 141,000 2.1

Sep 2015

142,265,000 135,000 1.9

Oct 2015

142,585,000 320,000 2.0

Nov 2015

142,810,000 225,000 1.9

Dec 2015

143,083,000 273,000 1.9

Jan 2016

143,198,000 115,000 1.9

Feb 2016

143,410,000 212,000 1.8

Mar 2016

143,666,000 256,000 1.9

Apr 2016

143,856,000 190,000 1.9

May 2016

143,901,000 45,000 1.7

Jun 2016

144,152,000 251,000 1.7

Jul 2016

144,515,000 363,000 1.8

Aug 2016

144,664,000 149,000 1.8

Sep 2016

144,961,000 297,000 1.9

Oct 2016

145,069,000 108,000 1.7

Nov 2016

145,189,000 120,000 1.7

Dec 2016

145,408,000 219,000 1.6

Jan 2017

145,639,000 231,000 1.7

Feb 2017

145,845,000 206,000 1.7

Mar 2017

145,975,000 130,000 1.6

Apr 2017

146,172,000 197,000 1.6

May 2017

146,389,000 217,000 1.7

Jun 2017

146,588,000 199,000 1.7

Jul 2017

146,772,000 184,000 1.6

Aug 2017

146,907,000 135,000 1.6

Sep 2017

146,999,000 92,000 1.4

Oct 2017

147,147,000 148,000 1.4

Nov 2017

147,377,000 230,000 1.5

Dec 2017

147,521,000 144,000 1.5

Jan 2018

147,670,000 149,000 1.4

Feb 2018

148,058,000 388,000 1.5

Mar 2018

148,281,000 223,000 1.6

Apr 2018

148,426,000 145,000 1.5

May 2018

148,755,000 329,000 1.6

Jun 2018

148,966,000 211,000 1.6

Jul 2018

149,022,000 56,000 1.5

Aug 2018

149,272,000 250,000 1.6

Sep 2018

149,361,000 89,000 1.6

Oct 2018

149,526,000 165,000 1.6

Nov 2018

149,622,000 96,000 1.5

Dec 2018

149,805,000 183,000 1.5

Jan 2019

150,114,000 309,000 1.7

Feb 2019

150,092,000 -22,000 1.4

Mar 2019

150,320,000 228,000 1.4

Apr 2019

150,563,000 243,000 1.4

May 2019

150,630,000 67,000 1.3

Jun 2019

150,797,000 167,000 1.2

Jul 2019

150,879,000 82,000 1.2

Aug 2019

151,111,000 232,000 1.2

Sep 2019

151,318,000 207,000 1.3

Oct 2019

151,447,000 129,000 1.3

Nov 2019

151,662,000 215,000 1.4

Dec 2019

151,764,000 102,000 1.3

Jan 2020

152,098,000 334,000 1.3

Feb 2020

152,371,000 273,000 1.5

Mar 2020

150,944,000 -1,427,000 0.4

Apr 2020

130,430,000 -20,514,000 -13.4

May 2020

133,055,000 2,625,000 -11.7

Jun 2020

137,620,000 4,565,000 -8.7

Jul 2020

139,064,000 1,444,000 -7.8

Aug 2020

140,799,000 1,735,000 -6.8

Sep 2020

141,760,000 961,000 -6.3

Oct 2020

142,479,000 719,000 -5.9

Nov 2020

142,743,000 264,000 -5.9

Dec 2020

142,475,000 -268,000 -6.1

Jan 2021

142,969,000 494,000 -6.0

Feb 2021

143,544,000 575,000 -5.8

Mar 2021

144,328,000 784,000 -4.4

Apr 2021

144,614,000 286,000 10.9

May 2021

145,096,000 482,000 9.0

Jun 2021

145,789,000 693,000 5.9

Jul 2021

146,558,000 769,000 5.4

Aug 2021

147,221,000 663,000 4.6

Sep 2021

147,778,000 557,000 4.2

Oct 2021

148,559,000 781,000 4.3

Nov 2021

149,173,000 614,000 4.5

Dec 2021

149,742,000 569,000 5.1

Jan 2022

150,106,000 364,000 5.0

Feb 2022

151,010,000 904,000 5.2

Mar 2022

151,424,000 414,000 4.9

Apr 2022

151,678,000 254,000 4.9

May 2022

152,042,000 364,000 4.8

Jun 2022

152,412,000 370,000 4.5

Jul 2022

152,980,000 568,000 4.4

Aug 2022

153,332,000 352,000 4.2

Sep 2022

153,682,000 350,000 4.0

Oct 2022

154,006,000 324,000 3.7

Nov 2022

154,296,000 290,000 3.4

Dec 2022

154,556,000 260,000 3.2

Jan 2023

155,073,000 517,000 3.3

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places rose by 99,000 in January 2023, while employment in accommodation continued to trend up (+15,000).

Change in nonfarm payroll employment by industry, January 2023
Industry Change since December 2022 Changed since January 2022 Change since February 2020

Total nonfarm

517,000 4,967,000 2,702,000

Mining and logging

2,000 53,000 -55,000

Construction

25,000 294,000 276,000

Manufacturing

19,000 382,000 214,000

Wholesale trade

11,300 186,300 148,100

Retail Trade

30,100 87,300 -37,300

Transportation and warehousing

22,900 251,300 954,800

Utilities

-700 5,000 7,700

Information

-5,000 134,000 211,000

Professional and business services

82,000 748,000 1,475,000

Private education and health services

105,000 1,050,000 361,000

Leisure and hospitality

128,000 1,076,000 -495,000

Other services

18,000 213,000 -121,000

Government

74,000 314,000 -482,000

The employment increase in professional and business services was led by gains in professional, scientific, and technical services, which added 41,000 jobs in January 2023.

Within health care, ambulatory health care services (+30,000), nursing and residential care facilities (+17,000), and hospitals (+11,000) added jobs in January.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — January 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 517,000 in January 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/nonfarm-payroll-employment-rose-by-517000-in-january-2023.htm (visited June 17, 2024).

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