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Quits rate increased to 2.6 percent in May 2023

July 13, 2023

In May, the number and rate of quits increased to 4.0 million (+250,000) and 2.6 percent, respectively. The construction industry had the highest quits rate increase among the major industries, 0.8 percentage points over the month to reach 2.9 percent.  This represents a rise in construction industry quits from 170,000 to 227,000.

Job quits rate, selected industries, May 2013–May 2023
Month Total nonfarm Construction Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information Financial activities Professional and business services

May 2013

1.6 1.6 1.0 1.8 1.3 1.4 2.4

Jun 2013

1.6 1.7 0.9 1.8 1.5 1.3 2.5

Jul 2013

1.7 1.8 1.0 1.8 1.3 1.3 2.8

Aug 2013

1.7 1.6 0.9 2.1 2.0 1.4 2.5

Sep 2013

1.7 1.6 1.0 2.1 1.2 1.3 2.3

Oct 2013

1.7 1.6 0.9 2.0 0.7 1.1 2.4

Nov 2013

1.7 1.3 1.0 2.1 1.3 1.2 2.6

Dec 2013

1.7 1.3 0.9 1.8 1.2 1.0 2.5

Jan 2014

1.7 1.6 0.9 2.1 1.2 0.9 2.4

Feb 2014

1.8 1.6 0.9 2.1 1.3 1.1 2.3

Mar 2014

1.8 1.5 1.0 2.1 1.4 1.2 2.7

Apr 2014

1.8 1.7 0.9 2.2 1.4 1.0 2.5

May 2014

1.8 2.0 1.0 2.3 1.4 1.1 2.4

Jun 2014

1.8 1.9 0.9 2.2 1.4 1.0 2.6

Jul 2014

1.9 1.8 1.1 2.3 1.5 1.5 2.6

Aug 2014

1.8 2.0 0.9 2.1 1.3 1.4 2.6

Sep 2014

2.0 1.7 1.1 2.2 1.2 1.3 2.9

Oct 2014

1.9 1.7 1.1 2.3 1.5 1.3 2.7

Nov 2014

1.9 1.5 0.9 2.3 1.4 1.6 2.4

Dec 2014

1.8 1.9 1.1 2.3 1.3 1.3 2.1

Jan 2015

2.0 1.7 1.2 2.3 1.4 1.4 2.8

Feb 2015

1.9 1.7 1.0 2.1 1.7 1.3 2.9

Mar 2015

2.0 1.8 1.0 2.3 1.7 1.1 2.8

Apr 2015

1.9 1.9 1.1 2.3 1.4 1.4 2.6

May 2015

1.9 1.8 1.0 2.3 1.5 1.3 2.8

Jun 2015

1.9 1.7 1.1 2.3 1.5 1.2 2.6

Jul 2015

1.9 1.7 1.0 2.3 1.6 1.1 2.6

Aug 2015

2.0 1.5 1.1 2.3 1.4 0.9 2.8

Sep 2015

2.0 1.8 1.2 2.4 1.5 1.1 2.6

Oct 2015

2.0 1.5 1.1 2.3 1.5 1.4 2.7

Nov 2015

2.0 1.9 1.1 2.4 1.5 1.1 2.8

Dec 2015

2.1 1.9 1.1 2.5 1.4 1.7 2.9

Jan 2016

2.0 1.4 1.2 2.4 1.5 1.3 2.9

Feb 2016

2.1 1.6 1.2 2.4 1.3 1.7 3.0

Mar 2016

2.0 2.1 1.2 2.4 1.3 1.2 2.7

Apr 2016

2.1 1.7 1.1 2.4 1.6 1.2 2.9

May 2016

2.1 1.8 1.1 2.2 1.2 1.3 3.4

Jun 2016

2.1 1.8 1.1 2.4 1.4 1.4 2.7

Jul 2016

2.1 1.9 1.2 2.3 1.3 1.2 3.1

Aug 2016

2.1 2.2 1.2 2.4 1.3 1.0 3.0

Sep 2016

2.1 1.6 1.2 2.5 1.7 1.1 3.1

Oct 2016

2.1 1.9 1.3 2.4 1.4 1.2 3.0

Nov 2016

2.1 2.2 1.3 2.4 1.3 1.1 2.9

Dec 2016

2.1 2.0 1.3 2.2 1.8 1.1 3.0

Jan 2017

2.2 2.2 1.4 2.4 1.4 1.5 3.2

Feb 2017

2.1 2.3 1.4 2.5 2.0 1.2 2.8

Mar 2017

2.2 2.4 1.5 2.5 1.4 1.3 2.9

Apr 2017

2.1 2.3 1.5 2.2 1.3 1.3 2.8

May 2017

2.1 2.1 1.6 2.4 1.0 1.5 2.8

Jun 2017

2.2 2.0 1.6 2.4 1.3 1.3 3.0

Jul 2017

2.1 2.2 1.6 2.4 1.8 1.3 2.9

Aug 2017

2.1 2.2 1.5 2.4 1.6 1.2 3.2

Sep 2017

2.2 2.4 1.5 2.4 1.8 1.3 3.3

Oct 2017

2.2 2.6 1.6 2.4 1.6 1.5 3.2

Nov 2017

2.2 2.0 1.6 2.4 1.7 1.4 3.3

Dec 2017

2.2 2.1 1.7 2.5 1.8 1.4 3.1

Jan 2018

2.0 2.2 1.7 2.4 1.7 1.4 2.7

Feb 2018

2.2 2.1 1.7 2.4 1.7 1.5 3.1

Mar 2018

2.2 2.2 1.7 2.4 1.6 1.3 3.1

Apr 2018

2.3 2.4 1.6 2.6 1.6 1.1 3.2

May 2018

2.3 2.3 1.6 2.6 1.8 1.3 3.0

Jun 2018

2.3 2.4 1.6 2.6 1.8 1.4 3.1

Jul 2018

2.3 2.7 1.7 2.6 1.7 1.5 3.1

Aug 2018

2.3 2.4 1.6 2.7 1.6 1.5 2.9

Sep 2018

2.3 2.2 1.6 2.7 1.6 1.4 2.8

Oct 2018

2.3 2.4 1.6 2.7 1.5 1.2 3.1

Nov 2018

2.3 2.5 1.8 2.6 2.0 1.3 3.0

Dec 2018

2.3 2.4 1.5 2.6 1.6 1.5 3.0

Jan 2019

2.3 2.6 1.7 2.5 2.0 1.2 3.0

Feb 2019

2.4 2.6 1.7 2.7 1.5 1.2 3.2

Mar 2019

2.4 2.0 1.7 2.7 1.6 1.2 3.3

Apr 2019

2.3 1.9 1.8 2.6 1.9 1.5 3.0

May 2019

2.3 2.1 1.6 2.8 1.8 1.5 2.9

Jun 2019

2.3 2.4 1.6 2.7 1.5 1.5 3.0

Jul 2019

2.4 2.3 1.5 2.8 1.3 1.5 3.2

Aug 2019

2.3 2.3 1.5 2.8 1.6 1.6 3.0

Sep 2019

2.3 2.5 1.7 2.7 1.4 1.5 3.0

Oct 2019

2.3 2.5 1.6 2.4 1.6 1.5 2.9

Nov 2019

2.3 2.2 1.6 2.9 1.5 1.8 2.9

Dec 2019

2.3 2.3 1.6 2.7 1.5 1.5 3.0

Jan 2020

2.3 2.2 1.5 2.9 1.3 1.5 3.2

Feb 2020

2.3 1.9 1.5 2.8 1.6 1.5 3.0

Mar 2020

1.9 1.7 1.1 2.3 1.4 1.3 2.8

Apr 2020

1.5 1.5 0.8 1.7 1.3 0.8 1.9

May 2020

1.7 1.6 1.3 2.1 1.1 1.1 2.2

Jun 2020

1.9 1.9 1.5 2.3 1.2 1.0 2.0

Jul 2020

2.2 1.9 1.6 2.8 1.3 1.1 2.6

Aug 2020

2.1 1.4 1.8 2.7 1.4 1.5 2.8

Sep 2020

2.2 2.0 1.9 2.6 1.3 1.4 3.2

Oct 2020

2.3 1.8 2.0 2.8 1.4 1.4 3.0

Nov 2020

2.3 2.2 2.1 2.8 1.4 1.5 2.9

Dec 2020

2.4 2.1 2.1 3.1 1.3 1.3 2.9

Jan 2021

2.3 1.7 2.1 2.9 1.2 1.5 2.9

Feb 2021

2.4 2.3 2.2 2.8 1.4 1.4 3.1

Mar 2021

2.5 2.5 2.2 3.1 2.1 1.4 3.0

Apr 2021

2.7 2.5 2.4 3.4 2.1 1.5 3.3

May 2021

2.6 2.3 2.1 3.3 1.8 1.5 3.3

Jun 2021

2.8 2.3 2.4 3.5 1.8 1.5 3.5

Jul 2021

2.8 2.3 2.4 3.5 1.9 1.4 3.2

Aug 2021

2.8 2.4 2.3 3.7 1.7 1.4 3.4

Sep 2021

2.9 2.5 2.5 3.6 1.8 1.6 3.5

Oct 2021

2.8 2.5 2.4 3.5 2.1 1.5 3.5

Nov 2021

3.0 2.9 2.6 3.6 1.7 1.7 3.9

Dec 2021

2.9 2.4 2.6 3.7 1.7 1.6 3.6

Jan 2022

2.9 2.3 2.5 3.6 1.7 2.0 3.5

Feb 2022

2.9 2.2 2.6 3.5 1.4 1.6 3.3

Mar 2022

2.9 3.4 2.7 3.3 1.6 1.8 3.6

Apr 2022

3.0 3.0 2.5 3.5 1.7 2.2 3.7

May 2022

2.8 2.9 2.4 3.0 1.8 1.5 3.4

Jun 2022

2.7 2.1 2.4 3.1 2.1 1.5 3.4

Jul 2022

2.6 2.5 2.2 3.0 1.5 1.8 3.6

Aug 2022

2.8 2.9 2.2 3.1 1.8 1.6 3.2

Sep 2022

2.6 1.9 1.9 3.2 2.0 1.5 3.3

Oct 2022

2.6 2.0 2.1 3.1 1.0 1.6 3.1

Nov 2022

2.7 1.7 2.1 3.5 1.3 1.4 3.2

Dec 2022

2.6 2.0 2.0 3.2 1.5 1.5 3.1

Jan 2023

2.5 2.3 2.1 3.2 1.3 1.6 2.4

Feb 2023

2.6 1.9 2.1 3.1 1.4 1.2 2.8

Mar 2023

2.5 1.8 2.0 3.0 1.4 1.4 2.9

Apr 2023

2.4 2.1 1.9 3.1 1.5 1.6 2.6

May 2023

2.6 2.9 2.3 3.1 1.3 1.5 2.6
 Job quits rate, selected industries, May 2013–May 2023...continued
Month Educational services Health care and social assistance Leisure and hospitality Federal government State and local government

May 2013

1.1 1.4 3.1 0.4 0.6

Jun 2013

1.1 1.5 3.0 0.4 0.6

Jul 2013

1.0 1.6 3.2 0.4 0.6

Aug 2013

1.1 1.5 3.0 0.5 0.6

Sep 2013

1.1 1.5 3.1 0.3 0.6

Oct 2013

1.2 1.6 3.6 0.4 0.6

Nov 2013

1.0 1.5 3.3 0.3 0.6

Dec 2013

1.2 1.6 3.2 0.4 0.7

Jan 2014

1.1 1.5 3.2 0.3 0.6

Feb 2014

1.4 1.5 3.6 0.4 0.7

Mar 2014

1.1 1.3 3.4 0.4 0.7

Apr 2014

1.2 1.6 3.5 0.4 0.7

May 2014

1.3 1.5 3.1 0.4 0.7

Jun 2014

1.1 1.6 3.5 0.4 0.6

Jul 2014

1.2 1.7 3.5 0.3 0.7

Aug 2014

1.1 1.4 3.7 0.2 0.8

Sep 2014

1.2 1.7 3.7 0.4 0.8

Oct 2014

1.7 1.7 4.0 0.4 0.7

Nov 2014

1.1 1.7 3.8 0.4 0.7

Dec 2014

1.2 1.6 3.7 0.4 0.7

Jan 2015

1.1 1.8 3.9 0.5 0.7

Feb 2015

1.3 1.8 3.6 0.4 0.7

Mar 2015

1.4 1.7 3.8 0.4 0.8

Apr 2015

1.2 1.7 3.6 0.3 0.7

May 2015

1.3 1.7 3.5 0.6 0.7

Jun 2015

1.3 1.7 4.0 0.4 0.8

Jul 2015

1.5 1.8 4.0 0.5 0.7

Aug 2015

1.3 1.9 4.3 0.4 0.8

Sep 2015

1.3 1.7 4.0 0.4 0.7

Oct 2015

1.2 1.8 3.9 0.4 0.8

Nov 2015

1.6 1.9 4.0 0.4 0.7

Dec 2015

1.6 1.8 4.2 0.4 0.8

Jan 2016

1.8 1.5 4.0 0.5 0.8

Feb 2016

1.2 1.8 4.2 0.4 0.8

Mar 2016

1.1 1.8 4.1 0.4 0.8

Apr 2016

1.2 1.8 4.2 0.5 0.8

May 2016

1.4 1.8 4.3 0.5 0.8

Jun 2016

1.5 1.9 4.2 0.5 1.0

Jul 2016

1.5 1.8 4.2 0.5 0.7

Aug 2016

1.8 1.7 4.1 0.4 0.9

Sep 2016

1.3 1.9 4.3 0.4 0.8

Oct 2016

1.1 1.8 4.4 0.4 0.8

Nov 2016

1.2 1.7 4.3 0.5 0.8

Dec 2016

1.1 1.8 4.2 0.3 0.8

Jan 2017

1.3 2.0 4.2 0.6 0.8

Feb 2017

1.1 1.8 4.0 0.5 0.8

Mar 2017

1.4 1.9 4.1 0.5 0.9

Apr 2017

1.4 1.9 4.1 0.5 0.7

May 2017

1.1 1.9 4.1 0.4 0.8

Jun 2017

1.6 1.9 4.1 0.6 0.7

Jul 2017

1.1 1.8 3.8 0.5 0.8

Aug 2017

1.3 1.8 3.8 0.5 0.8

Sep 2017

1.2 1.8 3.9 0.5 0.8

Oct 2017

1.3 2.0 4.0 0.5 0.8

Nov 2017

1.5 1.8 4.1 0.6 0.8

Dec 2017

1.4 1.8 4.2 0.5 0.8

Jan 2018

1.4 1.7 3.8 0.5 0.8

Feb 2018

1.3 1.7 4.3 0.5 0.8

Mar 2018

1.3 1.8 4.4 0.5 0.8

Apr 2018

1.5 1.9 4.4 0.6 0.9

May 2018

1.5 2.2 4.3 0.6 0.9

Jun 2018

1.1 2.1 4.2 0.5 0.9

Jul 2018

1.2 2.0 4.5 0.5 0.9

Aug 2018

1.0 2.2 4.4 0.5 0.8

Sep 2018

1.5 1.9 4.5 0.6 0.8

Oct 2018

1.6 2.1 4.3 0.6 0.9

Nov 2018

1.5 2.3 4.3 0.6 0.9

Dec 2018

1.4 2.2 4.2 0.6 0.8

Jan 2019

1.4 2.1 4.6 0.6 0.9

Feb 2019

1.4 2.2 4.8 0.5 0.9

Mar 2019

1.4 2.1 4.6 0.7 0.8

Apr 2019

1.2 2.0 4.7 0.5 0.9

May 2019

1.3 1.8 4.6 0.6 0.9

Jun 2019

1.4 1.8 4.8 0.5 0.9

Jul 2019

1.6 2.0 4.8 0.7 0.9

Aug 2019

1.4 2.0 4.8 0.7 0.8

Sep 2019

1.3 1.9 4.3 0.7 0.9

Oct 2019

1.7 2.0 4.6 0.7 0.8

Nov 2019

1.5 1.9 4.5 0.6 0.9

Dec 2019

1.7 2.1 4.5 0.8 0.9

Jan 2020

1.3 2.1 4.4 0.5 0.8

Feb 2020

1.6 2.2 4.1 0.7 0.8

Mar 2020

1.3 2.0 3.2 0.7 1.0

Apr 2020

1.4 1.8 3.5 0.6 0.8

May 2020

0.7 1.7 3.5 0.6 0.9

Jun 2020

0.6 2.0 3.6 0.6 0.9

Jul 2020

1.0 2.2 4.0 0.6 1.0

Aug 2020

1.0 2.0 3.7 0.6 1.1

Sep 2020

1.1 2.1 4.1 0.6 1.0

Oct 2020

1.2 2.3 4.4 1.0 1.0

Nov 2020

1.2 1.9 4.4 0.7 0.8

Dec 2020

1.6 2.1 5.1 0.6 0.8

Jan 2021

0.6 2.2 5.1 0.8 0.6

Feb 2021

1.2 2.1 4.9 0.7 0.9

Mar 2021

1.4 2.4 5.3 0.6 0.8

Apr 2021

1.4 2.4 5.7 0.7 0.9

May 2021

1.3 2.5 5.6 0.8 0.8

Jun 2021

1.4 2.5 5.6 0.8 0.9

Jul 2021

1.4 2.7 5.8 0.8 1.0

Aug 2021

1.5 2.7 5.5 0.7 0.9

Sep 2021

1.9 2.9 5.7 0.8 1.0

Oct 2021

1.3 2.7 5.2 0.9 1.2

Nov 2021

1.7 2.9 5.7 0.8 1.2

Dec 2021

1.6 2.5 5.5 0.8 1.1

Jan 2022

1.7 2.7 5.7 0.8 1.1

Feb 2022

1.7 2.7 5.5 0.8 1.2

Mar 2022

1.8 2.6 5.7 0.8 1.2

Apr 2022

1.9 2.7 5.4 0.8 1.1

May 2022

1.9 2.6 5.7 0.7 1.1

Jun 2022

1.6 2.6 5.4 0.8 1.1

Jul 2022

1.2 2.4 5.0 0.6 1.0

Aug 2022

1.5 2.5 5.8 0.8 1.0

Sep 2022

1.4 2.4 5.4 0.7 1.1

Oct 2022

1.5 2.5 5.4 0.6 1.0

Nov 2022

1.4 2.7 5.4 0.7 1.0

Dec 2022

1.4 2.7 4.9 0.7 1.1

Jan 2023

1.0 2.7 5.0 0.6 0.9

Feb 2023

1.5 2.6 5.5 0.7 0.9

Mar 2023

1.6 2.7 4.5 0.6 1.0

Apr 2023

1.5 2.4 4.6 0.6 0.9

May 2023

1.3 2.8 4.8 0.7 0.9

The health care and social assistance quits rate increased over the month from 2.4 to 2.8 percent. The information industry quits rate fell from 1.5 percent in April 2023 to 1.3 percent in May 2023.

From May 2022 to May 2023 the total nonfarm quits rate fell 0.2 percentage points from the 2.8 rate in May 2022. Of the selected industries, the leisure and hospitality industry had the largest quits rate change over the year decreasing from 5.7 in May 2022 to 4.8 in May 2023.

These data are from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. To learn more, see "Job Openings and Labor Turnover — May 2023." We also have more charts of job openings, hires, and separations data. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Quits rate increased to 2.6 percent in May 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/quits-rate-increased-to-2-6-in-may-2023.htm (visited April 12, 2024).

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