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Payroll employment up by 216,000 in December 2023

January 17, 2024

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 216,000 to 157.2 million in December. Employment continued to trend up in government, health care, social assistance, and construction, while transportation and warehousing lost jobs. Payroll employment rose by 2.7 million in 2023 (an average monthly gain of 225,000), less than the increase of 4.8 million in 2022 (an average monthly gain of 399,000).

Employment levels by industry, December 2013 to December 2023
Month Total nonfarm Total private Mining and logging Construction Manufacturing Wholesale trade Retail trade Transportation and warehousing

Dec 2013

137,368,000 115,548,000 866,000 5,932,000 12,083,000 5,687,000 15,231,900 4,541,200

Jan 2014

137,552,000 115,738,000 871,000 5,985,000 12,081,000 5,702,900 15,215,000 4,561,900

Feb 2014

137,707,000 115,882,000 875,000 6,007,000 12,106,000 5,708,400 15,186,800 4,556,800

Mar 2014

137,986,000 116,153,000 879,000 6,038,000 12,120,000 5,713,400 15,217,200 4,572,600

Apr 2014

138,298,000 116,445,000 885,000 6,084,000 12,134,000 5,728,700 15,258,700 4,586,500

May 2014

138,501,000 116,669,000 886,000 6,109,000 12,146,000 5,735,400 15,265,000 4,614,800

Jun 2014

138,833,000 116,938,000 891,000 6,133,000 12,170,000 5,746,800 15,305,600 4,634,000

Jul 2014

139,076,000 117,175,000 897,000 6,178,000 12,189,000 5,749,800 15,329,100 4,661,500

Aug 2014

139,258,000 117,403,000 898,000 6,210,000 12,208,000 5,748,300 15,337,300 4,676,200

Sep 2014

139,563,000 117,666,000 903,000 6,242,000 12,226,000 5,755,000 15,366,800 4,690,100

Oct 2014

139,805,000 117,888,000 901,000 6,259,000 12,259,000 5,757,200 15,405,100 4,710,000

Nov 2014

140,089,000 118,157,000 900,000 6,272,000 12,284,000 5,760,400 15,430,700 4,732,600

Dec 2014

140,366,000 118,419,000 896,000 6,293,000 12,292,000 5,768,300 15,445,000 4,760,500

Jan 2015

140,562,000 118,602,000 887,000 6,320,000 12,292,000 5,769,300 15,462,300 4,769,800

Feb 2015

140,829,000 118,851,000 875,000 6,361,000 12,301,000 5,781,100 15,477,300 4,786,000

Mar 2015

140,924,000 118,954,000 859,000 6,334,000 12,312,000 5,782,900 15,509,900 4,799,000

Apr 2015

141,202,000 119,197,000 843,000 6,392,000 12,318,000 5,779,200 15,524,100 4,805,900

May 2015

141,540,000 119,528,000 821,000 6,427,000 12,333,000 5,786,000 15,558,200 4,828,100

Jun 2015

141,695,000 119,680,000 817,000 6,441,000 12,334,000 5,784,500 15,567,300 4,855,200

Jul 2015

141,989,000 119,939,000 806,000 6,472,000 12,349,000 5,784,400 15,581,800 4,878,600

Aug 2015

142,130,000 120,070,000 794,000 6,490,000 12,345,000 5,785,300 15,588,300 4,889,400

Sep 2015

142,265,000 120,225,000 779,000 6,508,000 12,354,000 5,775,700 15,578,000 4,898,400

Oct 2015

142,585,000 120,529,000 771,000 6,547,000 12,362,000 5,777,200 15,619,900 4,898,800

Nov 2015

142,810,000 120,729,000 756,000 6,598,000 12,357,000 5,778,600 15,626,300 4,914,700

Dec 2015

143,083,000 120,986,000 746,000 6,630,000 12,362,000 5,776,400 15,631,600 4,946,000

Jan 2016

143,198,000 121,084,000 732,000 6,631,000 12,383,000 5,778,500 15,666,700 4,914,500

Feb 2016

143,410,000 121,272,000 711,000 6,640,000 12,365,000 5,776,200 15,715,000 4,930,300

Mar 2016

143,666,000 121,488,000 691,000 6,678,000 12,342,000 5,780,000 15,770,400 4,948,900

Apr 2016

143,856,000 121,672,000 677,000 6,702,000 12,353,000 5,784,900 15,768,000 4,964,800

May 2016

143,901,000 121,702,000 666,000 6,689,000 12,332,000 5,782,500 15,773,100 4,979,900

Jun 2016

144,152,000 121,972,000 657,000 6,701,000 12,350,000 5,778,800 15,789,500 4,984,100

Jul 2016

144,515,000 122,226,000 651,000 6,735,000 12,372,000 5,781,800 15,804,300 5,009,200

Aug 2016

144,664,000 122,380,000 647,000 6,736,000 12,348,000 5,784,300 15,821,200 5,035,800

Sep 2016

144,961,000 122,638,000 645,000 6,768,000 12,347,000 5,795,200 15,826,300 5,030,800

Oct 2016

145,069,000 122,774,000 644,000 6,799,000 12,345,000 5,797,100 15,829,900 5,047,400

Nov 2016

145,189,000 122,912,000 647,000 6,823,000 12,342,000 5,800,900 15,786,900 5,064,800

Dec 2016

145,408,000 123,104,000 648,000 6,818,000 12,355,000 5,796,900 15,818,300 5,096,900

Jan 2017

145,639,000 123,323,000 648,000 6,840,000 12,366,000 5,804,900 15,876,800 5,081,900

Feb 2017

145,845,000 123,519,000 655,000 6,881,000 12,380,000 5,807,500 15,852,300 5,098,900

Mar 2017

145,975,000 123,646,000 659,000 6,902,000 12,393,000 5,808,500 15,823,900 5,112,900

Apr 2017

146,172,000 123,837,000 669,000 6,916,000 12,400,000 5,807,500 15,804,000 5,131,500

May 2017

146,389,000 124,042,000 675,000 6,931,000 12,409,000 5,805,800 15,784,600 5,161,600

Jun 2017

146,588,000 124,228,000 679,000 6,962,000 12,422,000 5,811,600 15,776,200 5,176,800

Jul 2017

146,772,000 124,398,000 681,000 6,968,000 12,423,000 5,814,300 15,767,800 5,186,300

Aug 2017

146,907,000 124,597,000 685,000 7,002,000 12,467,000 5,816,200 15,761,700 5,198,800

Sep 2017

146,999,000 124,666,000 687,000 7,013,000 12,477,000 5,814,600 15,750,200 5,229,800

Oct 2017

147,147,000 124,786,000 688,000 7,031,000 12,490,000 5,820,800 15,748,200 5,247,300

Nov 2017

147,377,000 124,998,000 693,000 7,068,000 12,505,000 5,822,400 15,785,300 5,257,700

Dec 2017

147,521,000 125,137,000 693,000 7,091,000 12,533,000 5,824,700 15,744,200 5,281,900

Jan 2018

147,670,000 125,296,000 700,000 7,093,000 12,561,000 5,824,100 15,709,200 5,290,300

Feb 2018

148,058,000 125,639,000 706,000 7,184,000 12,584,000 5,826,400 15,756,900 5,314,300

Mar 2018

148,281,000 125,854,000 714,000 7,194,000 12,610,000 5,839,900 15,772,400 5,353,100

Apr 2018

148,426,000 125,982,000 722,000 7,212,000 12,631,000 5,815,600 15,772,700 5,373,200

May 2018

148,755,000 126,306,000 726,000 7,274,000 12,657,000 5,820,900 15,788,100 5,404,200

Jun 2018

148,966,000 126,484,000 730,000 7,292,000 12,691,000 5,823,700 15,740,700 5,425,500

Jul 2018

149,022,000 126,586,000 730,000 7,318,000 12,711,000 5,836,600 15,725,000 5,433,400

Aug 2018

149,272,000 126,804,000 739,000 7,347,000 12,725,000 5,854,900 15,725,500 5,468,100

Sep 2018

149,361,000 126,887,000 739,000 7,375,000 12,744,000 5,850,900 15,686,200 5,488,600

Oct 2018

149,526,000 127,047,000 742,000 7,389,000 12,767,000 5,857,400 15,643,400 5,516,900

Nov 2018

149,622,000 127,149,000 737,000 7,386,000 12,777,000 5,865,800 15,686,700 5,536,100

Dec 2018

149,805,000 127,294,000 743,000 7,396,000 12,796,000 5,870,600 15,632,600 5,521,600

Jan 2019

150,114,000 127,590,000 747,000 7,424,000 12,833,000 5,881,000 15,612,200 5,588,700

Feb 2019

150,092,000 127,556,000 741,000 7,396,000 12,822,000 5,888,300 15,593,000 5,569,400

Mar 2019

150,320,000 127,747,000 740,000 7,422,000 12,822,000 5,886,000 15,578,500 5,589,900

Apr 2019

150,563,000 127,953,000 738,000 7,459,000 12,820,000 5,889,800 15,573,300 5,620,900

May 2019

150,630,000 128,061,000 737,000 7,486,000 12,815,000 5,886,200 15,558,700 5,644,100

Jun 2019

150,797,000 128,220,000 734,000 7,511,000 12,820,000 5,878,000 15,530,600 5,678,300

Jul 2019

150,879,000 128,337,000 727,000 7,525,000 12,826,000 5,887,600 15,528,300 5,688,000

Aug 2019

151,111,000 128,497,000 721,000 7,530,000 12,825,000 5,885,500 15,519,300 5,696,000

Sep 2019

151,318,000 128,673,000 718,000 7,551,000 12,823,000 5,886,900 15,525,600 5,709,200

Oct 2019

151,447,000 128,772,000 719,000 7,556,000 12,772,000 5,896,600 15,536,100 5,717,900

Nov 2019

151,662,000 128,948,000 708,000 7,545,000 12,815,000 5,895,200 15,527,800 5,729,600

Dec 2019

151,764,000 129,041,000 694,000 7,528,000 12,801,000 5,898,300 15,544,800 5,747,100

Jan 2020

152,098,000 129,315,000 688,000 7,580,000 12,790,000 5,898,900 15,528,600 5,807,700

Feb 2020

152,371,000 129,500,000 686,000 7,608,000 12,785,000 5,892,900 15,519,900 5,785,700

Mar 2020

150,944,000 128,103,000 676,000 7,539,000 12,720,000 5,878,300 15,431,000 5,805,300

Apr 2020

130,430,000 108,503,000 619,000 6,527,000 11,414,000 5,487,000 13,253,800 5,286,900

May 2020

133,055,000 111,659,000 594,000 7,009,000 11,646,000 5,502,800 13,639,200 5,307,300

Jun 2020

137,620,000 116,213,000 579,000 7,170,000 11,977,000 5,538,800 14,440,700 5,435,100

Jul 2020

139,064,000 117,555,000 568,000 7,195,000 12,018,000 5,521,200 14,663,200 5,490,300

Aug 2020

140,799,000 118,788,000 560,000 7,225,000 12,044,000 5,537,100 14,957,400 5,590,500

Sep 2020

141,760,000 119,841,000 559,000 7,256,000 12,101,000 5,564,300 14,998,100 5,658,900

Oct 2020

142,479,000 120,712,000 556,000 7,310,000 12,125,000 5,575,700 15,107,800 5,740,200

Nov 2020

142,743,000 121,062,000 554,000 7,317,000 12,159,000 5,589,500 15,113,700 5,843,500

Dec 2020

142,475,000 120,804,000 557,000 7,355,000 12,199,000 5,601,300 15,117,700 5,848,700

Jan 2021

142,969,000 121,188,000 550,000 7,363,000 12,196,000 5,614,300 15,177,300 5,885,600

Feb 2021

143,544,000 121,751,000 541,000 7,291,000 12,222,000 5,623,200 15,207,600 5,936,700

Mar 2021

144,328,000 122,452,000 554,000 7,395,000 12,270,000 5,637,600 15,233,900 6,015,900

Apr 2021

144,614,000 122,685,000 556,000 7,406,000 12,228,000 5,653,200 15,201,700 6,003,000

May 2021

145,096,000 123,166,000 556,000 7,394,000 12,259,000 5,671,000 15,220,500 6,035,500

Jun 2021

145,789,000 123,790,000 560,000 7,400,000 12,276,000 5,693,100 15,256,400 6,087,400

Jul 2021

146,558,000 124,521,000 561,000 7,415,000 12,349,000 5,719,300 15,222,600 6,137,500

Aug 2021

147,221,000 125,121,000 564,000 7,431,000 12,395,000 5,737,100 15,234,500 6,198,600

Sep 2021

147,778,000 125,704,000 564,000 7,472,000 12,437,000 5,757,100 15,305,400 6,257,600

Oct 2021

148,559,000 126,522,000 568,000 7,514,000 12,496,000 5,778,000 15,359,000 6,331,600

Nov 2021

149,173,000 127,135,000 572,000 7,560,000 12,540,000 5,800,000 15,354,000 6,383,300

Dec 2021

149,742,000 127,686,000 579,000 7,594,000 12,584,000 5,830,900 15,365,200 6,444,400

Jan 2022

150,106,000 128,031,000 578,000 7,590,000 12,617,000 5,854,700 15,395,300 6,489,200

Feb 2022

151,010,000 128,928,000 583,000 7,669,000 12,654,000 5,882,000 15,564,100 6,563,300

Mar 2022

151,424,000 129,351,000 589,000 7,692,000 12,716,000 5,917,900 15,542,000 6,588,700

Apr 2022

151,678,000 129,577,000 598,000 7,698,000 12,768,000 5,942,800 15,504,600 6,621,900

May 2022

152,042,000 129,920,000 600,000 7,736,000 12,789,000 5,961,100 15,453,200 6,667,200

Jun 2022

152,412,000 130,302,000 607,000 7,749,000 12,819,000 5,966,300 15,467,300 6,684,200

Jul 2022

152,980,000 130,795,000 613,000 7,773,000 12,860,000 5,982,300 15,476,700 6,703,600

Aug 2022

153,332,000 131,101,000 611,000 7,781,000 12,891,000 5,995,500 15,513,400 6,712,100

Sep 2022

153,682,000 131,445,000 613,000 7,797,000 12,917,000 6,003,800 15,502,300 6,721,800

Oct 2022

154,006,000 131,744,000 616,000 7,814,000 12,954,000 6,019,600 15,496,700 6,741,700

Nov 2022

154,296,000 131,972,000 624,000 7,833,000 12,968,000 6,019,200 15,451,100 6,704,600

Dec 2022

154,535,000 132,204,000 628,000 7,859,000 12,974,000 6,028,800 15,477,800 6,704,900

Jan 2023

155,007,000 132,557,000 632,000 7,885,000 12,985,000 6,037,700 15,500,100 6,736,600

Feb 2023

155,255,000 132,750,000 633,000 7,899,000 12,988,000 6,044,400 15,548,100 6,718,900

Mar 2023

155,472,000 132,907,000 635,000 7,890,000 12,976,000 6,047,900 15,529,200 6,735,100

Apr 2023

155,689,000 133,086,000 640,000 7,901,000 12,985,000 6,046,400 15,527,200 6,720,000

May 2023

155,970,000 133,341,000 643,000 7,926,000 12,981,000 6,054,100 15,548,100 6,738,600

Jun 2023

156,075,000 133,427,000 642,000 7,955,000 12,985,000 6,047,400 15,525,400 6,719,500

Jul 2023

156,311,000 133,572,000 644,000 7,967,000 12,983,000 6,062,800 15,538,000 6,712,700

Aug 2023

156,476,000 133,686,000 644,000 7,997,000 12,981,000 6,065,300 15,532,100 6,685,800

Sep 2023

156,738,000 133,885,000 645,000 8,006,000 12,992,000 6,080,900 15,533,800 6,698,200

Oct 2023

156,843,000 133,929,000 644,000 8,033,000 12,954,000 6,089,000 15,550,300 6,669,800

Nov 2023

157,016,000 134,065,000 642,000 8,039,000 12,980,000 6,093,500 15,525,900 6,664,800

Dec 2023

157,232,000 134,229,000 641,000 8,056,000 12,986,000 6,099,000 15,543,300 6,642,200

Note: Data are seasonally adjusted

Employment levels by industry, December 2013 to December 2023
Month Utilities Information Financial activities Professional and business services Private education and health services Leisure and hospitality Other services Government

Dec 2013

550,500 2,727,000 7,916,000 18,838,000 21,196,000 14,454,000 5,525,000 21,820,000

Jan 2014

549,000 2,724,000 7,913,000 18,885,000 21,228,000 14,489,000 5,533,000 21,814,000

Feb 2014

549,200 2,718,000 7,932,000 18,948,000 21,251,000 14,509,000 5,535,000 21,825,000

Mar 2014

551,200 2,725,000 7,932,000 18,994,000 21,294,000 14,564,000 5,553,000 21,833,000

Apr 2014

550,100 2,721,000 7,944,000 19,053,000 21,321,000 14,614,000 5,565,000 21,853,000

May 2014

549,900 2,717,000 7,951,000 19,093,000 21,364,000 14,670,000 5,568,000 21,832,000

Jun 2014

550,800 2,722,000 7,965,000 19,155,000 21,410,000 14,693,000 5,562,000 21,895,000

Jul 2014

551,300 2,725,000 7,980,000 19,192,000 21,453,000 14,703,000 5,566,000 21,901,000

Aug 2014

553,200 2,733,000 7,994,000 19,249,000 21,491,000 14,725,000 5,580,000 21,855,000

Sep 2014

551,400 2,734,000 8,009,000 19,304,000 21,543,000 14,768,000 5,574,000 21,897,000

Oct 2014

552,200 2,727,000 8,018,000 19,334,000 21,573,000 14,811,000 5,581,000 21,917,000

Nov 2014

552,400 2,735,000 8,036,000 19,388,000 21,626,000 14,849,000 5,591,000 21,932,000

Dec 2014

554,000 2,737,000 8,042,000 19,468,000 21,678,000 14,892,000 5,593,000 21,947,000

Jan 2015

554,500 2,740,000 8,059,000 19,493,000 21,741,000 14,915,000 5,599,000 21,960,000

Feb 2015

554,300 2,741,000 8,070,000 19,537,000 21,789,000 14,972,000 5,606,000 21,978,000

Mar 2015

554,600 2,737,000 8,081,000 19,565,000 21,832,000 14,981,000 5,607,000 21,970,000

Apr 2015

554,900 2,742,000 8,086,000 19,609,000 21,906,000 15,023,000 5,614,000 22,005,000

May 2015

556,300 2,747,000 8,097,000 19,691,000 21,958,000 15,103,000 5,622,000 22,012,000

Jun 2015

555,300 2,748,000 8,115,000 19,742,000 21,998,000 15,108,000 5,615,000 22,015,000

Jul 2015

556,800 2,752,000 8,134,000 19,775,000 22,053,000 15,168,000 5,628,000 22,050,000

Aug 2015

557,900 2,751,000 8,145,000 19,808,000 22,094,000 15,201,000 5,621,000 22,060,000

Sep 2015

556,900 2,764,000 8,152,000 19,828,000 22,131,000 15,279,000 5,621,000 22,040,000

Oct 2015

556,600 2,766,000 8,167,000 19,902,000 22,215,000 15,316,000 5,630,000 22,056,000

Nov 2015

556,700 2,751,000 8,182,000 19,937,000 22,260,000 15,374,000 5,638,000 22,081,000

Dec 2015

556,100 2,761,000 8,189,000 20,006,000 22,323,000 15,406,000 5,653,000 22,097,000

Jan 2016

556,100 2,762,000 8,207,000 20,017,000 22,335,000 15,454,000 5,647,000 22,114,000

Feb 2016

557,200 2,775,000 8,210,000 20,029,000 22,403,000 15,494,000 5,666,000 22,138,000

Mar 2016

555,500 2,785,000 8,226,000 20,053,000 22,450,000 15,535,000 5,673,000 22,178,000

Apr 2016

555,600 2,789,000 8,249,000 20,084,000 22,505,000 15,562,000 5,678,000 22,184,000

May 2016

554,600 2,751,000 8,265,000 20,091,000 22,565,000 15,583,000 5,670,000 22,199,000

Jun 2016

556,100 2,801,000 8,281,000 20,134,000 22,618,000 15,639,000 5,682,000 22,180,000

Jul 2016

556,800 2,799,000 8,304,000 20,178,000 22,666,000 15,679,000 5,690,000 22,289,000

Aug 2016

556,300 2,803,000 8,320,000 20,182,000 22,719,000 15,725,000 5,702,000 22,284,000

Sep 2016

556,400 2,817,000 8,327,000 20,251,000 22,775,000 15,785,000 5,714,000 22,323,000

Oct 2016

556,600 2,814,000 8,333,000 20,273,000 22,835,000 15,780,000 5,720,000 22,295,000

Nov 2016

556,900 2,812,000 8,344,000 20,309,000 22,870,000 15,826,000 5,729,000 22,277,000

Dec 2016

557,500 2,817,000 8,370,000 20,341,000 22,929,000 15,845,000 5,711,000 22,304,000

Jan 2017

556,300 2,821,000 8,397,000 20,382,000 22,946,000 15,874,000 5,729,000 22,316,000

Feb 2017

555,700 2,815,000 8,400,000 20,400,000 23,016,000 15,917,000 5,741,000 22,326,000

Mar 2017

555,600 2,813,000 8,407,000 20,431,000 23,051,000 15,941,000 5,748,000 22,329,000

Apr 2017

555,100 2,804,000 8,424,000 20,464,000 23,103,000 16,006,000 5,753,000 22,335,000

May 2017

554,700 2,801,000 8,436,000 20,525,000 23,147,000 16,046,000 5,765,000 22,347,000

Jun 2017

555,300 2,811,000 8,452,000 20,559,000 23,167,000 16,087,000 5,769,000 22,360,000

Jul 2017

555,300 2,809,000 8,465,000 20,599,000 23,232,000 16,122,000 5,775,000 22,374,000

Aug 2017

555,500 2,813,000 8,476,000 20,640,000 23,255,000 16,150,000 5,777,000 22,310,000

Sep 2017

555,900 2,816,000 8,479,000 20,636,000 23,287,000 16,140,000 5,780,000 22,333,000

Oct 2017

555,200 2,811,000 8,482,000 20,677,000 23,309,000 16,133,000 5,793,000 22,361,000

Nov 2017

555,100 2,815,000 8,490,000 20,691,000 23,352,000 16,160,000 5,803,000 22,379,000

Dec 2017

555,200 2,818,000 8,496,000 20,728,000 23,384,000 16,183,000 5,805,000 22,384,000

Jan 2018

553,400 2,817,000 8,503,000 20,787,000 23,440,000 16,209,000 5,809,000 22,374,000

Feb 2018

556,200 2,819,000 8,527,000 20,825,000 23,495,000 16,231,000 5,814,000 22,419,000

Mar 2018

555,500 2,826,000 8,538,000 20,872,000 23,524,000 16,239,000 5,816,000 22,427,000

Apr 2018

556,800 2,838,000 8,546,000 20,920,000 23,545,000 16,226,000 5,824,000 22,444,000

May 2018

555,400 2,841,000 8,572,000 20,980,000 23,591,000 16,261,000 5,835,000 22,449,000

Jun 2018

554,500 2,838,000 8,590,000 21,029,000 23,616,000 16,310,000 5,844,000 22,482,000

Jul 2018

551,200 2,841,000 8,600,000 21,041,000 23,641,000 16,329,000 5,829,000 22,436,000

Aug 2018

551,200 2,840,000 8,612,000 21,080,000 23,689,000 16,343,000 5,829,000 22,468,000

Sep 2018

551,100 2,838,000 8,629,000 21,111,000 23,711,000 16,325,000 5,838,000 22,474,000

Oct 2018

551,800 2,850,000 8,643,000 21,134,000 23,755,000 16,356,000 5,841,000 22,479,000

Nov 2018

551,700 2,850,000 8,651,000 21,138,000 23,770,000 16,361,000 5,839,000 22,473,000

Dec 2018

551,100 2,851,000 8,661,000 21,157,000 23,856,000 16,412,000 5,846,000 22,511,000

Jan 2019

551,100 2,842,000 8,675,000 21,163,000 23,903,000 16,517,000 5,853,000 22,524,000

Feb 2019

550,000 2,844,000 8,683,000 21,191,000 23,926,000 16,498,000 5,854,000 22,536,000

Mar 2019

550,400 2,850,000 8,705,000 21,216,000 23,989,000 16,523,000 5,875,000 22,573,000

Apr 2019

547,300 2,846,000 8,724,000 21,269,000 24,055,000 16,520,000 5,891,000 22,610,000

May 2019

549,300 2,854,000 8,736,000 21,314,000 24,089,000 16,505,000 5,887,000 22,569,000

Jun 2019

551,700 2,873,000 8,749,000 21,363,000 24,135,000 16,499,000 5,897,000 22,577,000

Jul 2019

550,500 2,866,000 8,770,000 21,384,000 24,173,000 16,511,000 5,901,000 22,542,000

Aug 2019

549,500 2,867,000 8,786,000 21,413,000 24,231,000 16,574,000 5,900,000 22,614,000

Sep 2019

548,100 2,872,000 8,785,000 21,421,000 24,286,000 16,645,000 5,902,000 22,645,000

Oct 2019

546,500 2,873,000 8,800,000 21,425,000 24,325,000 16,710,000 5,895,000 22,675,000

Nov 2019

547,700 2,883,000 8,816,000 21,432,000 24,392,000 16,745,000 5,912,000 22,714,000

Dec 2019

548,900 2,891,000 8,821,000 21,422,000 24,436,000 16,794,000 5,915,000 22,723,000

Jan 2020

547,100 2,901,000 8,838,000 21,424,000 24,524,000 16,853,000 5,935,000 22,783,000

Feb 2020

547,500 2,908,000 8,869,000 21,437,000 24,576,000 16,945,000 5,940,000 22,871,000

Mar 2020

547,300 2,899,000 8,852,000 21,353,000 24,354,000 16,198,000 5,850,000 22,841,000

Apr 2020

542,400 2,640,000 8,589,000 19,170,000 21,752,000 8,710,000 4,512,000 21,927,000

May 2020

542,200 2,610,000 8,605,000 19,364,000 22,153,000 9,945,000 4,741,000 21,396,000

Jun 2020

539,500 2,622,000 8,622,000 19,734,000 22,708,000 11,754,000 5,093,000 21,407,000

Jul 2020

539,200 2,617,000 8,622,000 19,926,000 22,901,000 12,261,000 5,233,000 21,509,000

Aug 2020

541,300 2,642,000 8,647,000 20,111,000 23,104,000 12,542,000 5,287,000 22,011,000

Sep 2020

542,900 2,698,000 8,676,000 20,231,000 23,193,000 13,029,000 5,334,000 21,919,000

Oct 2020

541,700 2,695,000 8,698,000 20,449,000 23,291,000 13,271,000 5,352,000 21,767,000

Nov 2020

542,000 2,702,000 8,708,000 20,553,000 23,349,000 13,289,000 5,342,000 21,681,000

Dec 2020

541,500 2,715,000 8,720,000 20,710,000 23,348,000 12,780,000 5,311,000 21,671,000

Jan 2021

542,300 2,749,000 8,734,000 20,854,000 23,365,000 12,835,000 5,322,000 21,781,000

Feb 2021

542,500 2,765,000 8,723,000 20,940,000 23,427,000 13,207,000 5,325,000 21,793,000

Mar 2021

543,200 2,770,000 8,733,000 21,067,000 23,538,000 13,352,000 5,342,000 21,876,000

Apr 2021

543,800 2,792,000 8,753,000 21,048,000 23,573,000 13,558,000 5,369,000 21,929,000

May 2021

544,200 2,820,000 8,760,000 21,131,000 23,615,000 13,782,000 5,378,000 21,930,000

Jun 2021

544,800 2,837,000 8,767,000 21,234,000 23,635,000 14,055,000 5,444,000 21,999,000

Jul 2021

545,500 2,866,000 8,804,000 21,397,000 23,680,000 14,339,000 5,485,000 22,037,000

Aug 2021

544,900 2,902,000 8,821,000 21,500,000 23,708,000 14,565,000 5,520,000 22,100,000

Sep 2021

546,100 2,917,000 8,850,000 21,592,000 23,707,000 14,765,000 5,534,000 22,074,000

Oct 2021

546,700 2,934,000 8,877,000 21,821,000 23,803,000 14,931,000 5,563,000 22,037,000

Nov 2021

547,500 2,955,000 8,912,000 21,960,000 23,851,000 15,108,000 5,592,000 22,038,000

Dec 2021

548,100 2,973,000 8,935,000 22,069,000 23,892,000 15,258,000 5,613,000 22,056,000

Jan 2022

550,200 2,985,000 8,941,000 22,164,000 23,887,000 15,374,000 5,606,000 22,075,000

Feb 2022

551,200 2,992,000 8,982,000 22,306,000 23,996,000 15,536,000 5,649,000 22,082,000

Mar 2022

551,700 3,018,000 8,997,000 22,439,000 24,050,000 15,590,000 5,660,000 22,073,000

Apr 2022

551,800 3,035,000 9,034,000 22,421,000 24,105,000 15,626,000 5,671,000 22,101,000

May 2022

552,500 3,067,000 9,040,000 22,493,000 24,181,000 15,699,000 5,681,000 22,122,000

Jun 2022

552,900 3,089,000 9,043,000 22,582,000 24,277,000 15,774,000 5,691,000 22,110,000

Jul 2022

554,200 3,102,000 9,057,000 22,659,000 24,404,000 15,887,000 5,723,000 22,185,000

Aug 2022

555,500 3,110,000 9,066,000 22,707,000 24,496,000 15,935,000 5,727,000 22,231,000

Sep 2022

555,600 3,113,000 9,068,000 22,755,000 24,576,000 16,074,000 5,748,000 22,237,000

Oct 2022

556,900 3,116,000 9,086,000 22,791,000 24,661,000 16,135,000 5,756,000 22,262,000

Nov 2022

556,000 3,129,000 9,097,000 22,791,000 24,756,000 16,258,000 5,785,000 22,324,000

Dec 2022

555,300 3,120,000 9,101,000 22,814,000 24,827,000 16,316,000 5,798,000 22,331,000

Jan 2023

553,700 3,097,000 9,100,000 22,858,000 24,938,000 16,415,000 5,819,000 22,450,000

Feb 2023

552,600 3,089,000 9,100,000 22,879,000 25,002,000 16,472,000 5,824,000 22,505,000

Mar 2023

554,300 3,092,000 9,095,000 22,924,000 25,072,000 16,518,000 5,838,000 22,565,000

Apr 2023

556,000 3,095,000 9,122,000 22,972,000 25,149,000 16,529,000 5,843,000 22,603,000

May 2023

556,700 3,091,000 9,135,000 23,017,000 25,237,000 16,557,000 5,856,000 22,629,000

Jun 2023

557,500 3,081,000 9,137,000 23,016,000 25,316,000 16,583,000 5,862,000 22,648,000

Jul 2023

556,000 3,062,000 9,152,000 22,987,000 25,420,000 16,621,000 5,866,000 22,739,000

Aug 2023

558,400 3,040,000 9,153,000 22,995,000 25,525,000 16,629,000 5,880,000 22,790,000

Sep 2023

560,400 3,034,000 9,153,000 22,978,000 25,611,000 16,705,000 5,888,000 22,853,000

Oct 2023

562,200 3,022,000 9,145,000 22,952,000 25,695,000 16,730,000 5,883,000 22,914,000

Nov 2023

562,200 3,037,000 9,146,000 22,933,000 25,804,000 16,742,000 5,896,000 22,951,000

Dec 2023

561,800 3,051,000 9,148,000 22,946,000 25,878,000 16,782,000 5,895,000 23,003,000

Note: Data are seasonally adjusted

Employment levels by industry, December 2013 to December 2023
Month Federal government State government Local government

Dec 2013

2,741,000 5,053,000 14,026,000

Jan 2014

2,736,000 5,052,000 14,026,000

Feb 2014

2,731,000 5,057,000 14,037,000

Mar 2014

2,728,000 5,055,000 14,050,000

Apr 2014

2,728,000 5,055,000 14,070,000

May 2014

2,728,000 5,051,000 14,053,000

Jun 2014

2,729,000 5,058,000 14,108,000

Jul 2014

2,731,000 5,035,000 14,135,000

Aug 2014

2,735,000 5,016,000 14,104,000

Sep 2014

2,735,000 5,041,000 14,121,000

Oct 2014

2,735,000 5,046,000 14,136,000

Nov 2014

2,740,000 5,053,000 14,139,000

Dec 2014

2,743,000 5,059,000 14,145,000

Jan 2015

2,745,000 5,065,000 14,150,000

Feb 2015

2,747,000 5,071,000 14,160,000

Mar 2015

2,748,000 5,067,000 14,155,000

Apr 2015

2,763,000 5,070,000 14,172,000

May 2015

2,753,000 5,074,000 14,185,000

Jun 2015

2,754,000 5,073,000 14,188,000

Jul 2015

2,756,000 5,073,000 14,221,000

Aug 2015

2,760,000 5,077,000 14,223,000

Sep 2015

2,759,000 5,083,000 14,198,000

Oct 2015

2,759,000 5,084,000 14,213,000

Nov 2015

2,766,000 5,090,000 14,225,000

Dec 2015

2,776,000 5,088,000 14,233,000

Jan 2016

2,771,000 5,090,000 14,253,000

Feb 2016

2,778,000 5,085,000 14,275,000

Mar 2016

2,783,000 5,092,000 14,303,000

Apr 2016

2,785,000 5,097,000 14,302,000

May 2016

2,792,000 5,092,000 14,315,000

Jun 2016

2,797,000 5,107,000 14,276,000

Jul 2016

2,800,000 5,115,000 14,374,000

Aug 2016

2,803,000 5,115,000 14,366,000

Sep 2016

2,806,000 5,150,000 14,367,000

Oct 2016

2,804,000 5,132,000 14,359,000

Nov 2016

2,798,000 5,135,000 14,344,000

Dec 2016

2,815,000 5,139,000 14,350,000

Jan 2017

2,813,000 5,156,000 14,347,000

Feb 2017

2,812,000 5,160,000 14,354,000

Mar 2017

2,810,000 5,163,000 14,356,000

Apr 2017

2,798,000 5,169,000 14,368,000

May 2017

2,808,000 5,181,000 14,358,000

Jun 2017

2,805,000 5,174,000 14,381,000

Jul 2017

2,806,000 5,178,000 14,390,000

Aug 2017

2,802,000 5,169,000 14,339,000

Sep 2017

2,799,000 5,144,000 14,390,000

Oct 2017

2,802,000 5,152,000 14,407,000

Nov 2017

2,791,000 5,161,000 14,427,000

Dec 2017

2,794,000 5,159,000 14,431,000

Jan 2018

2,794,000 5,152,000 14,428,000

Feb 2018

2,790,000 5,156,000 14,473,000

Mar 2018

2,792,000 5,164,000 14,471,000

Apr 2018

2,800,000 5,177,000 14,467,000

May 2018

2,793,000 5,174,000 14,482,000

Jun 2018

2,798,000 5,179,000 14,505,000

Jul 2018

2,799,000 5,175,000 14,462,000

Aug 2018

2,801,000 5,174,000 14,493,000

Sep 2018

2,805,000 5,183,000 14,486,000

Oct 2018

2,805,000 5,183,000 14,491,000

Nov 2018

2,809,000 5,165,000 14,499,000

Dec 2018

2,808,000 5,176,000 14,527,000

Jan 2019

2,804,000 5,174,000 14,546,000

Feb 2019

2,810,000 5,183,000 14,543,000

Mar 2019

2,813,000 5,192,000 14,568,000

Apr 2019

2,828,000 5,192,000 14,590,000

May 2019

2,825,000 5,151,000 14,593,000

Jun 2019

2,834,000 5,171,000 14,572,000

Jul 2019

2,830,000 5,192,000 14,520,000

Aug 2019

2,855,000 5,212,000 14,547,000

Sep 2019

2,852,000 5,219,000 14,574,000

Oct 2019

2,838,000 5,237,000 14,600,000

Nov 2019

2,842,000 5,247,000 14,625,000

Dec 2019

2,836,000 5,248,000 14,639,000

Jan 2020

2,856,000 5,271,000 14,656,000

Feb 2020

2,855,000 5,317,000 14,699,000

Mar 2020

2,876,000 5,266,000 14,699,000

Apr 2020

2,880,000 5,117,000 13,930,000

May 2020

2,878,000 5,060,000 13,458,000

Jun 2020

2,884,000 5,061,000 13,462,000

Jul 2020

2,907,000 5,071,000 13,531,000

Aug 2020

3,158,000 5,116,000 13,737,000

Sep 2020

3,122,000 5,095,000 13,702,000

Oct 2020

2,978,000 5,073,000 13,716,000

Nov 2020

2,889,000 5,074,000 13,718,000

Dec 2020

2,895,000 5,080,000 13,696,000

Jan 2021

2,887,000 5,162,000 13,732,000

Feb 2021

2,881,000 5,167,000 13,745,000

Mar 2021

2,887,000 5,195,000 13,794,000

Apr 2021

2,899,000 5,191,000 13,839,000

May 2021

2,891,000 5,179,000 13,860,000

Jun 2021

2,889,000 5,190,000 13,920,000

Jul 2021

2,888,000 5,163,000 13,986,000

Aug 2021

2,890,000 5,149,000 14,061,000

Sep 2021

2,887,000 5,138,000 14,049,000

Oct 2021

2,877,000 5,132,000 14,028,000

Nov 2021

2,882,000 5,120,000 14,036,000

Dec 2021

2,873,000 5,113,000 14,070,000

Jan 2022

2,874,000 5,101,000 14,100,000

Feb 2022

2,874,000 5,088,000 14,120,000

Mar 2022

2,873,000 5,063,000 14,137,000

Apr 2022

2,871,000 5,077,000 14,153,000

May 2022

2,868,000 5,092,000 14,162,000

Jun 2022

2,851,000 5,090,000 14,169,000

Jul 2022

2,867,000 5,103,000 14,215,000

Aug 2022

2,865,000 5,109,000 14,257,000

Sep 2022

2,867,000 5,115,000 14,255,000

Oct 2022

2,871,000 5,104,000 14,287,000

Nov 2022

2,873,000 5,116,000 14,335,000

Dec 2022

2,874,000 5,087,000 14,370,000

Jan 2023

2,886,000 5,156,000 14,408,000

Feb 2023

2,895,000 5,175,000 14,435,000

Mar 2023

2,906,000 5,195,000 14,464,000

Apr 2023

2,910,000 5,202,000 14,491,000

May 2023

2,919,000 5,216,000 14,494,000

Jun 2023

2,925,000 5,231,000 14,492,000

Jul 2023

2,935,000 5,243,000 14,561,000

Aug 2023

2,944,000 5,261,000 14,585,000

Sep 2023

2,949,000 5,288,000 14,616,000

Oct 2023

2,956,000 5,314,000 14,644,000

Nov 2023

2,958,000 5,318,000 14,675,000

Dec 2023

2,965,000 5,326,000 14,712,000

Note: Data are seasonally adjusted

Government employment increased by 52,000 in December 2023 to 23 million. Employment continued to trend up in local government (+37,000) and federal government (+7,000). Government added an average of 56,000 jobs per month in 2023, more than double the average monthly gain of 23,000 in 2022.

In December, construction employment continued to trend up (+17,000). Construction added an average of 16,000 jobs per month in 2023, little different than the 2022 average monthly gain of 22,000.

Employment in leisure and hospitality changed little in December (+40,000). The industry added an average of 39,000 jobs per month in 2023, less than half the average gain of 88,000 jobs per month in 2022. Employment in the industry is below its pre-pandemic February 2020 level by 163,000, or 1.0 percent.

Average monthly change, 2023 and 2022
Industry 2003 2002

Mining and logging

1,000 4,000

Construction

16,000 22,000

Manufacturing

1,000 33,000

Wholesale trade

6,000 16,000

Retail trade

5,000 9,000

Transportation and warehousing

-5,000 22,000

Utilities

500 600

Information

-6,000 12,000

Financial activities

4,000 14,000

Professional and business services

11,000 62,000

Private education and health services

88,000 78,000

Leisure and hospitality

39,000 88,000

Other services

8,000 15,000

Government

56,000 23,000

Federal government

8,000 0

State government

20,000 -2,000

Local government

29,000 25,000

Note: Data are seasonally adjusted

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — December 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Payroll employment up by 216,000 in December 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2024/payroll-employment-up-by-216000-in-december-2023.htm (visited May 19, 2024).

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