Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction: NAICS 237

About the Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction subsector

The heavy and civil engineering construction subsector is part of the construction sector.

The Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction subsector comprises establishments whose primary activity is the construction of entire engineering projects (e.g., highways and dams), and specialty trade contractors, whose primary activity is the production of a specific component for such projects. Specialty trade contractors in Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction generally are performing activities that are specific to heavy and civil engineering construction projects and are not normally performed on buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.

North American Industry Classification System

The heavy and civil engineering construction subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Utility System Construction: NAICS 2371
  • Land Subdivision: NAICS 2372
  • Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction: NAICS 2373
  • Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction: NAICS 2379

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in heavy and civil engineering construction. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

1,086.5 1,075.2 (p)1,077.9 (p)1,087.8

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

743.9 746.5 (p)778.9  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

Carpenters

31,950

Construction laborers

231,850

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

78,330

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

116,000

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

43,150

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for heavy and civil engineering construction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in heavy and civil engineering construction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$32.66 $31.64 $31.77 (p)$31.77

Average weekly hours

43.6 42.9 41.5 (p)43.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$30.23 $29.27 $29.17 (p)$29.43

Average weekly hours

44.3 43.0 41.2 (p)42.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Carpenters

23.19 26.18 48,240 54,460

Construction laborers

17.91 20.90 37,260 43,470

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

31.78 33.97 66,090 70,650

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

25.10 27.86 52,210 57,940

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

20.31 21.90 42,250 45,540

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in heavy and civil engineering construction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

173 191 199 190

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2017

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.5

Cases involving days away from work

0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.6

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in heavy and civil engineering construction.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2017
1st quarter
2018
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018

Number of establishments

Private industry

50,547 (p)50,714 (p)51,136 (p)51,557

Local government

4,318 (p)4,096 (p)4,096 (p)4,104

State government

1,771 (p)1,728 (p)1,735 (p)1,735

Federal government

1 (p)1 (p)1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: May 23, 2019