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Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction: NAICS 237

About the Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction subsector

The heavy and civil engineering construction subsector is part of the construction sector.

The Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction subsector comprises establishments whose primary activity is the construction of entire engineering projects (e.g., highways and dams), and specialty trade contractors, whose primary activity is the production of a specific component for such projects. Specialty trade contractors in Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction generally are performing activities that are specific to heavy and civil engineering construction projects and are not normally performed on buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.

North American Industry Classification System

The heavy and civil engineering construction subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Utility System Construction: NAICS 2371
  • Land Subdivision: NAICS 2372
  • Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction: NAICS 2373
  • Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction: NAICS 2379

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in heavy and civil engineering construction. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024
Mar.
2024

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

1,134.7 1,135.1 (p)1,144.7 (p)1,150.7

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

854.0 793.2 (p)810.1  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2023

Carpenters

23,360

Construction laborers

242,070

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

101,970

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

131,080

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

46,850

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for heavy and civil engineering construction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in heavy and civil engineering construction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$38.53 $38.71 $39.01 (p)$38.40

Average weekly hours

43.4 42.9 40.4 (p)42.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023
Jan.
2024
Feb.
2024

Average hourly earnings

$37.28 $37.19 $37.01 (p)$36.42

Average weekly hours

44.4 43.8 40.2 (p)42.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2023
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Carpenters

28.33 31.67 58,930 65,860

Construction laborers

22.26 25.70 46,310 53,460

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

37.85 39.84 78,730 82,860

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

29.22 33.10 60,770 68,860

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

24.84 27.33 51,680 56,850

(Source: Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in heavy and civil engineering construction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2019 2020 2021 2022

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

195 215 164 163

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2022

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.0

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.2

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.4

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in heavy and civil engineering construction.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2022
1st quarter
2023
2nd quarter
2023
3rd quarter
2023

Number of establishments

Private industry

56,530 (p)56,983 (p)57,398 (p)57,965

Local government

4,090 (p)4,080 (p)4,082 (p)4,084

State government

1,775 (p)1,801 (p)1,801 (p)1,826

Federal government

1 (p)1 (p)1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: April 12, 2024