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Industries at a Glance
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Education and Health Services

About the Education and Health Services supersector

The education and health services supersector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The education and health services supersector consists of these sectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in education and health services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

24,420 24,451 (p)24,523 (p)24,559

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

21,448 21,474 (p)21,536 (p)21,569

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

2.2% 2.2% 2.3% 2.4%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

1,168 1,310 (p)1,267  

Hires

784 784 (p)594  

Separations

651 666 (p)522  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

8.7% 8.2% 8.1% 8.1%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

9.9% 9.5% 9.3% 9.3%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

1,015 1,014 1,004 1,003

Gross job losses

934 917 868 851

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates in education and health services, see the Employment and projected employment by major industry sector table.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$27.66 $27.77 (p)$27.82 (p)$27.82

Average weekly hours

33.0 33.0 (p)33.1 (p)33.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$24.50 $24.62 (p)$24.60 (p)$24.64

Average weekly hours

32.1 32.2 (p)32.2 (p)32.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$787 $817 $843 $860

Members of unions

$962 $944 $978 $984

Represented by unions

$946 $937 $964 $978

Nonunion

$768 $799 $831 $845

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.8% 2.5% 2.6% 2.5%

Wages and salaries

3.2% 2.7% 2.7% 2.6%

12-month percent change: State and local government

Total compensation

2.7% 2.9% 2.9% 3.0%

Wages and salaries

2.4% 2.5% 2.5% 2.7%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
3rd quarter 2019
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

37.58 100.0

Wages and salaries

26.41 70.3

Total benefits

11.17 29.7

Insurance

3.23 8.6

Retirement

1.38 3.7

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in education and health services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2015 2016 2017 2018

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

197 227 236 218

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2018

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.7

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.7

Cases involving days away from work

1.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.7

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in education and health services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019

Number of establishments

Private industry

1,710,076 1,726,088 (p)1,747,885 (p)1,757,412

Local government

73,179 73,026 (p)73,301 (p)73,408

State government

14,690 14,615 (p)14,574 (p)14,660

Federal government

1,372 1,370 (p)1,361 (p)1,361

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

312 317 324  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

295 288 284  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: January 17, 2020