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Industries at a Glance
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Education and Health Services

About the Education and Health Services supersector

The education and health services supersector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The education and health services supersector consists of these sectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in education and health services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

22,979 23,154 (p)23,203 (p)23,260

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

20,105 20,280 (p)20,329 (p)20,377

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

8.0% 6.3% 5.1% 4.2%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

1,322 1,168 (p)1,201  

Hires

932 858 (p)803  

Separations

751 700 (p)597  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2016 2017 2018 2019

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

8.2% 8.1% 8.1% 8.0%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

9.5% 9.3% 9.3% 9.2%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019
4th quarter
2019
1st quarter
2020

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

1,020 1,052 1,034 976

Gross job losses

977 921 904 983

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates in education and health services, see the Employment and projected employment by major industry sector table.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$28.46 $28.55 (p)$28.60 (p)$28.57

Average weekly hours

33.4 33.4 (p)33.5 (p)33.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Oct.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$25.28 $25.39 (p)$25.52 (p)$25.54

Average weekly hours

32.6 32.7 (p)32.8 (p)32.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2016 2017 2018 2019

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$817 $843 $860 $896

Members of unions

$944 $978 $984 $1,059

Represented by unions

$937 $964 $978 $1,051

Nonunion

$799 $831 $845 $879

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2019
1st quarter
2020
2nd quarter
2020
3rd quarter
2020

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.3% 2.7% 1.9% 2.1%

Wages and salaries

2.4% 2.8% 1.9% 2.2%

12-month percent change: State and local government

Total compensation

2.8% 2.8% 2.7% 2.1%

Wages and salaries

2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 1.7%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
2nd quarter 2020
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

37.06 100.0

Wages and salaries

25.91 69.9

Total benefits

11.16 30.1

Insurance

3.34 9.0

Retirement

1.31 3.5

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in education and health services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2015 2016 2017 2018

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

197 227 236 218

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2019

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.6

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.6

Cases involving days away from work

1.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.7

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in education and health services.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2019
4th quarter
2019
1st quarter
2020
2nd quarter
2020

Number of establishments

Private industry

1,775,055 1,788,393 (p)1,802,658 (p)1,857,298

Local government

73,466 73,399 (p)73,258  

State government

14,823 14,646 (p)14,613  

Federal government

1,375 1,375 (p)1,373  

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

323 332 349  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

293 300 348  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: November 20, 2020