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Industries at a Glance
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Information: NAICS 51

About the Information sector

The information sector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The Information sector comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries.

The Information sector groups three types of establishments: (1) those engaged in producing and distributing information and cultural products; (2) those that provide the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications; and (3) those that process data.

North American Industry Classification System

The information sector consists of these subsectors:

NOTE: The NAICS 2002 subsector Internet Publishing and Broadcasting: NAICS 516 has been discontinued in NAICS 2007 and the establishments that had been classified in this subsector have been moved into Other Information Services: NAICS 519.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in information. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

2,822 2,828 (p)2,822 (p)2,835

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

2,277 2,276 (p)2,268 (p)2,281

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

4.7% 4.4% 3.3% 1.6%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

137 (p)162    

Hires

95 (p)88    

Separations

106 (p)81    

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

8.6% 9.0% 9.8% 9.6%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

9.9% 10.1% 10.7% 10.3%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2018
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

160 150 145 175

Gross job losses

167 156 150 145

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2018

Customer service representatives

145,610

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers

166,180

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for information.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in information. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$42.60 $42.07 (p)$42.13 (p)$42.29

Average weekly hours

36.4 36.5 (p)36.4 (p)36.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Average hourly earnings

$34.01 $34.28 (p)$34.35 (p)$34.16

Average weekly hours

35.2 35.5 (p)35.2 (p)35.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2015 2016 2017 2018

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$1,102 $1,143 $1,154 $1,169

Members of unions

$1,260 $1,238 $1,344 $1,355

Represented by unions

$1,242 $1,257 $1,330 $1,336

Nonunion

$1,077 $1,133 $1,142 $1,157

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2018
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Customer service representatives

$18.15 $20.19 $37,750 $42,000

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers

$27.89 $28.23 $58,000 $58,720

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019

12-month percent change

Total compensation

4.6% 4.8% 1.0% 0.7%

Wages and salaries

3.0% 3.3% 2.7% 2.4%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
2nd quarter 2019
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

57.77 100.0

Wages and salaries

38.73 67.0

Total benefits

19.04 33.0

Insurance

5.07 8.8

Retirement

2.25 3.9

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in information. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

36 42 48 47

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2018

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

1.3

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.8

Cases involving days away from work

0.6

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.2

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Producer price index

(p)103.0 (p)103.3 (p)103.5 (p)103.1

Percent change from previous month

  (p)-0.2% (p)0.3% (p)0.2% (p)-0.4%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in information.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2018
4th quarter
2018
1st quarter
2019
2nd quarter
2019

Number of establishments

Private industry

174,329 177,861 (p)180,477 (p)184,220

Local government

5,090 5,085 (p)5,104 (p)5,112

State government

319 319 (p)322 (p)320

Federal government

125 125 (p)125 (p)126

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

34 35 35  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

36 36 35  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: December 13, 2019