Manufacturing: NAICS 31-33

About the Manufacturing sector

The manufacturing sector is part of the goods-producing industries supersector group.

The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products.

Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector. Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are included in manufacturing.

North American Industry Classification System

The manufacturing sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

12,418 12,407 (p)12,448 (p)12,447

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

8,714 8,701 (p)8,732 (p)8,738

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

3.4% 4.0% 3.9% 3.8%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

Job openings

419 414 (p)397  

Hires

399 396 (p)387  

Separations

330 342 (p)377  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

10.1% 9.7% 9.4% 8.8%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

11.0% 10.5% 10.0% 9.6%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

Data series Back
data
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

Gross job gains

377 415 397 409

Gross job losses

403 434 426 395

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2016

Helpers--production workers

250,090

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

333,410

Machinists

323,280

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

94,260

Team assemblers

862,300

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in manufacturing. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$26.54 $26.69 (p)$26.56 (p)$26.68

Average weekly hours

40.8 40.9 (p)40.7 (p)40.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$20.80 $20.87 (p)$20.91 (p)$20.93

Average weekly hours

42.0 42.0 (p)42.0 (p)41.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

Data series Back
data
Median weekly earnings
2013 2014 2015 2016

Union membership and representation

Full-time workers

$816 $812 $839 $857

Members of unions

$841 $861 $876 $885

Represented by unions

$831 $854 $868 $884

Nonunion

$814 $807 $833 $852

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2016
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Helpers--production workers

$12.75 $13.58 $26,520 $28,250

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

$18.02 $19.52 $37,480 $40,600

Machinists

$19.98 $20.64 $41,560 $42,930

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

$29.43 $31.31 $61,210 $65,120

Team assemblers

$15.19 $16.40 $31,600 $34,100

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016
1st quarter
2017
2nd quarter
2017

12-month percent change

Total compensation

2.5% 2.2% 2.2% 2.1%

Wages and salaries

2.8% 2.6% 2.5% 2.4%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
2nd quarter 2017
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

Total compensation

39.84 100.0

Wages and salaries

25.98 65.2

Total benefits

13.86 34.8

Insurance

4.00 10.0

Retirement

2.20 5.5

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

328 312 351 353

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2015

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

3.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.2

Cases involving days away from work

1.0

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.2

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017

Producer price index

(p)187.8 (p)187.6 (p)188.5 (p)189.6

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.3% (p)-0.1% (p)0.5% (p)0.6%

Import index

110.0 109.8 110.2 110.7

Percent change from previous month

  0.1% -0.2% 0.4% 0.5%

Export index

112.0 112.2 (r)113.1 114.0

Percent change from previous month

  0.1% 0.2% (r)0.8% (r)0.8%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
(r) Revised

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity and costs, presented as indexes and changes in output per hour and unit labor costs.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016
1st quarter
2017

Number of establishments

Private industry

343,377 344,370 345,178 (p)347,000

Local government

39 39 39 (p)39

State government

24 24 24 (p)24

Federal government

45 46 46 (p)46

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

92 91 92  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

96 95 92  

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
3rd quarter
2016
4th quarter
2016
1st quarter
2017
2nd quarter
2017

Output per hour index (seasonally adjusted)

118.456 119.038 (r)119.094 (r)119.934

Percent change from previous quarter

-0.5 2.0 (r)0.2 (r)2.9

Hours index (seasonally adjusted)

107.943 107.892 108.459 (r)108.267

Percent change from previous quarter

0.7 -0.2 2.1 (r)-0.7

Output index (seasonally adjusted)

127.865 128.432 (r)129.168 (r)129.849

Percent change from previous quarter

0.2 1.8 (r)2.3 (r)2.1

Unit labor costs (seasonally adjusted)

95.098 93.611 (r)94.591 (r)94.505

Percent change from previous quarter

3.1 -6.1 (r)4.3 (r)-0.4

Footnotes
(r) Revised

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: October 20, 2017