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Industries at a Glance
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Food Manufacturing: NAICS 311

About the Food Manufacturing subsector

The food manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Food Manufacturing subsector transform livestock and agricultural products into products for intermediate or final consumption. The industry groups are distinguished by the raw materials (generally of animal or vegetable origin) processed into food products.

The food products manufactured in these establishments are typically sold to wholesalers or retailers for distribution to consumers, but establishments primarily engaged in retailing bakery and candy products made on the premises not for immediate consumption are included.

North American Industry Classification System

The food manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Animal Food Manufacturing: NAICS 3111
  • Grain and Oilseed Milling: NAICS 3112
  • Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3113
  • Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing: NAICS 3114
  • Dairy Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3115
  • Animal Slaughtering and Processing: NAICS 3116
  • Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging: NAICS 3117
  • Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing: NAICS 3118
  • Other Food Manufacturing: NAICS 3119

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in food manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

1,580.6 1,585.3 (p)1,593.1 (p)1,605.2

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

1,251.3 1,256.0 (p)1,263.5 (p)1,271.6

Unemployment

Unemployment rate

10.6% 9.0% 8.7% 6.2%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2019

Bakers

60,660

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

58,370

Food batchmakers

126,490

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

150,370

Slaughterers and meat packers

68,100

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for food manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in food manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$22.35 $22.02 (p)$22.00 (p)$22.14

Average weekly hours

40.1 40.4 (p)40.6 (p)40.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

Average hourly earnings

$19.16 $18.93 (p)$19.00 (p)$18.96

Average weekly hours

40.7 41.4 (p)41.6 (p)41.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2019
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Bakers

13.60 14.51 28,300 30,190

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

27.36 28.19 56,910 58,640

Food batchmakers

15.17 16.22 31,560 33,750

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

15.45 16.45 32,140 34,210

Slaughterers and meat packers

14.15 14.30 29,420 29,740

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in food manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2015 2016 2017 2018

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

44 40 51 41

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2018

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

4.2

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.9

Cases involving days away from work

1.2

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.7

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Aug.
2020

Producer price index

(p)217.1 (p)204.8 (p)202.9 (p)201.9

Percent change from previous month

  (p)7.6% (p)-5.7% (p)-0.9% (p)-0.5%

Import index

(r)153.0 (r)153.5 152.1 153.0

Percent change from previous month

  (r)0.4% (r)0.3% (r)-0.9% 0.6%

Export index

154.5 (r)156.4 (r)157.6 155.3

Percent change from previous month

  0.2% (r)1.2% (r)0.8% (r)-1.5%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
(r) Revised

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in food manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
2nd quarter
2019
3rd quarter
2019
4th quarter
2019
1st quarter
2020

Number of establishments

Private industry

34,643 34,859 34,981 (p)35,076

Local government

6 6 6 (p)6

State government

1 1 1 (p)1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2016 2017 2018 2019

Labor productivity index, output per hour

98.247 96.535 95.075 95.600

Percent change from previous year

-1.0 -1.7 -1.5 0.6

Labor index, total labor hours

106.787 110.072 112.896 112.393

Percent change from previous year

3.5 3.1 2.6 -0.4

Output index

104.915 106.259 107.336 107.447

Percent change from previous year

2.4 1.3 1.0 0.1

Unit labor costs index

118.311 125.024 126.659 129.510

Percent change from previous year

2.4 5.7 1.3 2.3

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: September 23, 2020